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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666757/evolution-of-dopamine-receptors-phylogenetic-evidence-suggests-a-later-origin-of-the-drd-2l-and-drd-4rs-dopamine-receptor-gene-lineages
#1
Juan C Opazo, Kattina Zavala, Soledad Miranda-Rottmann, Roberto Araya
Dopamine receptors are integral membrane proteins whose endogenous ligand is dopamine. They play a fundamental role in the central nervous system and dysfunction of dopaminergic neurotransmission is responsible for the generation of a variety of neuropsychiatric disorders. From an evolutionary standpoint, phylogenetic relationships among the DRD1 class of dopamine receptors are still a matter of debate as in the literature different tree topologies have been proposed. In contrast, phylogenetic relationships among the DRD 2 group of receptors are well understood...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595454/-knockdown-of-dopamine-receptor-d2-upregulates-the-expression-of-adiogenic-genes-in-mouse-primary-mesencephalic-neurons
#2
Jiaqi Ding, Xiaoli Chen, Jiaji Lin, Junling Zhu, Zhuyi Li
Objective To study the effects of dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) on the adipogenesis genes in mouse primary mesencephalic neurons. Methods The lentiviral vectors which expressed specific shRNA targeting DRD2 were constructed to decrease DRD2 expression in mouse primary mesencephalic neurons. High throughput sequencing (HTS) analysis was used to investigate gene expression changes between the DRD2 knock-down group and the negative control group. Real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot analysis were applied to verify the differently expressed genes...
January 2018: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589131/recent-progress-in-pharmacogenomics-of-antipsychotic-drug-response
#3
REVIEW
Jian-Ping Zhang, Anil K Malhotra
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pharmacogenomics (PGx) of antipsychotic drug response is an active area of research in the past few years. We reviewed recent PGx studies with an emphasis of development of new methodologies and new research directions. RECENT FINDINGS: Traditional candidate gene approach continues to generate evidence to support the associations of antipsychotic response with genes coding for drug targets such as DRD2. Genome-wide association studies have found a few novel genes that may be associated with drug efficacy and adverse events...
March 27, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575277/association-study-of-functional-polymorphisms-of-dopaminergic-pathway-in-epilepsy-related-factors-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-in-brazilian-population
#4
Juliana A Alcantara, Silvia Vincentiisa, Daniel S Kerr, Bernardo Dos Santos, Ruda Alessi, Helio van der Linden, Tiffany Chaim, Maurício H Serpa, Geraldo Busatto, Wagner F Gattaz, Renata Demarque, Kette Dr Valente
BACKGROUND: There is scarce data about the role of neurotransmission modulated by dopamine (DA) in epilepsy, especially temporal lobe epilepsy. This is the first study that aimed to analyze the dopaminergic polymorphisms in an etiologically homogeneous group of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy determined by hippocampal sclerosis (TLE-HS). Selected polymorphisms were: (i) the most expressed receptors in the limbic system D2-like (DRD2/ANKK1 TAQ-1A, D4_VNTR, and D4_rs1800955); (ii) the dopamine transporter DAT - 3 'untranslated region (3'UTR) and Intron 8; (iii) two degrading enzymes regulating the synaptic activity - the main metabolizer of dopamine Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) and monoamine oxidase A (MAOA)...
March 25, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568676/maternal-separation-affects-expression-of-stress-response-genes-and-increases-vulnerability-to-ethanol-consumption
#5
Taciani de Almeida Magalhães, Diego Correia, Luana Martins de Carvalho, Samara Damasceno, Ana Lúcia Brunialti Godard
Introduction: Maternal separation is an early life stress event associated with behavioral alterations and ethanol consumption. We aimed to expand the current understanding on the molecular mechanisms mediating the impact of postnatal stress on ethanol consumption. Methods: In the first experiment (T1), some of the pups were separated from their mothers for 6 hr daily (Maternal Separation group - MS), whereas the other pups remained in the cage with their respective mothers (Control group - C)...
January 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567584/interaction-between-striatal-volume-and-dat1-polymorphism-predicts-working-memory-development-during-adolescence
#6
F Nemmi, C Nymberg, F Darki, T Banaschewski, A L W Bokde, C Büchel, H Flor, V Frouin, H Garavan, P Gowland, A Heinz, J-L Martinot, F Nees, T Paus, M N Smolka, T W Robbins, G Schumann, T Klingberg
There is considerable inter-individual variability in the rate at which working memory (WM) develops during childhood and adolescence, but the neural and genetic basis for these differences are poorly understood. Dopamine-related genes, striatal activation and morphology have been associated with increased WM capacity after training. Here we tested the hypothesis that these factors would also explain some of the inter-individual differences in the rate of WM development. We measured WM performance in 487 healthy subjects twice: at age 14 and 19...
March 13, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564530/influence-of-the-drd2-ankk1-taq1a-polymorphism-on-caudate-volume-in-older-adults-without-dementia
#7
Xin Li, Goran Papenberg, Grégoria Kalpouzos, Lars Bäckman, Jonas Persson
Dopaminergic neuromodulation is critically important for brain and cognitive integrity. The DRD2/ANKK1 Taq1A polymorphism is associated with striatal dopamine (DA) D2 receptor availability. Some previous studies have found that the A allele of the Taq1A polymorphism influences brain structure, but the results are inconsistent, likely due to population heterogeneity and small sample sizes. We investigated the genetic effect on caudate volume in a large sample of older adults without dementia. Results show that A-allele carriers have smaller caudate volume compared to non-carriers in relatively older adults (n = 167; Mage = 77...
March 21, 2018: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550268/a-35-8-kilobases-haplotype-spanning-ankk1-and-drd2-is-associated-with-heroin-dependence-in-han-chinese-males
#8
Jianbo Zhang, Peng Yan, Yunxiao Li, Xintong Cai, Ziyu Yang, Xinyao Miao, Bo Chen, Shengbin Li, Wei Dang, Wei Jia, Yongsheng Zhu
Ankyrin repeat and kinase domain containing 1 (ANKK1) and dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) gene polymorphisms have long been considered to contribute to susceptibility to heroin dependence. Despite their adjacent locations, few studies have elucidated the role of the potential interaction between ANKK1 and DRD2 in heroin dependence. In the present study, we performed a systematic analysis of the association between 39 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in these two genes and heroin dependence in 593 Chinese subjects...
March 14, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527566/dopamine-d2-receptors-in-dopaminergic-neurons-modulate-performance-in-a-reversal-learning-task-in-mice
#9
Jérôme Linden, Alexander S James, Colin McDaniel, J David Jentsch
Neuroimaging studies in animal models and human subjects have each revealed that relatively low striatal dopamine D2-like receptor binding potential is associated with poor impulse control and with vulnerability for addiction-related behaviors. These studies cannot, however, disambiguate the roles for various pools of D2 receptors found in the striatum (e.g., those expressed on medium spiny striato-pallidal neurons vs on dopamine-releasing nerve terminals) in these behavioral outcomes. To clarify the role of the latter pool, namely, D2 autoreceptors, we studied mice carrying a conditional DRD2 gene, with or without Cre-recombinase expressed under the transcriptional control of the dopamine transporter gene locus (autoDrd2-KO, n = 19 and controls, n = 21)...
January 2018: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502799/genetics-of-tardive-dyskinesia-promising-leads-and-ways-forward
#10
REVIEW
Clement C Zai, Miriam S Maes, Arun K Tiwari, Gwyneth C Zai, Gary Remington, James L Kennedy
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a potentially irreversible and often debilitating movement disorder secondary to chronic use of dopamine receptor blocking medications. Genetic factors have been implicated in the etiology of TD. We therefore have reviewed the most promising genes associated with TD, including DRD2, DRD3, VMAT2, HSPG2, HTR2A, HTR2C, and SOD2. In addition, we present evidence supporting a role for these genes from preclinical models of TD. The current understanding of the etiogenesis of TD is discussed in the light of the recent approvals of valbenazine and deutetrabenazine, VMAT2 inhibitors, for treating TD...
February 5, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495204/-association-between-drd2-gene-polymorphisms-and-the-dosage-used-on-methadone-maintenance-treatment-program
#11
L X Duan, X L Li, P W Hu, R Luo, X Luo, Y Y Chen
Objective: To investigate the association between three single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genes DRD2 (rs1800497, rs6275, and rs1799978) and the dosage used on methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). Methods: From the methadone maintenance treatment centers, 257 MMT patients were recruited to participate in a case-control study and divided into two groups-control groups under low dosage ( n =89) and case ( n =168) group with high dosage. Quanto software was used to estimate the sample size as 180. Information related to social-demographic status, history on drug use and medication were collected...
February 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480208/a-genetic-study-of-psychosis-in-huntington-s-disease-evidence-for-the-involvement-of-glutamate-signaling-pathways
#12
Debby W Tsuang, Tiffany A Greenwood, Suman Jayadev, Marie Davis, Andrew Shutes-David, Thomas D Bird
BACKGROUND: Psychotic symptoms of delusions and hallucinations occur in about 5% of persons with Huntington's disease (HD). The mechanisms underlying these occurrences are unknown, but the same symptoms also occur in schizophrenia, and thus genetic risk factors for schizophrenia may be relevant to the development of psychosis in HD. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible role of genes associated with schizophrenia in the occurrence of psychotic symptoms in HD. METHODS: DNA from subjects with HD and psychosis (HD+P; n = 47), subjects with HD and no psychosis (HD-P; n = 126), and controls (CTLs; n = 207) was genotyped using the Infinium PsychArray-24 v1...
2018: Journal of Huntington's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472382/dopamine-d2-receptor-up-regulates-leptin-and-il-6-in-adipocytes
#13
Xiaoyan Wang, Van A Villar, Andrew Tiu, Kiran K Upadhyay, Santiago Cuevas
Leptin is a pro-inflammatory cytokine secreted by the adipose tissue. Dopamine D2 receptors (D2R) have anti-inflammatory effects in the brain and kidney tissues. Mouse and human adipocytes express the (D2R); D2R protein was 10-fold greater in adipocytes from human visceral than subcutaneous tissue. However, the function of D2R in adipocytes is not well understood. The D2-like receptor agonist Quinpirole increased the protein expression of leptin and IL-6, not adiponectin and Visfatin, along with their mRNA expression (24 hr)...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466446/the-cannabinoid-1-receptor-is-abundantly-expressed-in-striatal-striosomes-and-striosome-dendron-bouquets-of-the-substantia-nigra
#14
Margaret I Davis, Jill R Crittenden, Austin Y Feng, David A Kupferschmidt, Alipi Naydenov, Nephi Stella, Ann M Graybiel, David M Lovinger
Presynaptic cannabinoid-1 receptors (CB1-R) bind endogenous and exogenous cannabinoids to modulate neurotransmitter release. CB1-Rs are expressed throughout the basal ganglia, including striatum and substantia nigra, where they play a role in learning and control of motivated actions. However, the pattern of CB1-R expression across different striatal compartments, microcircuits and efferent targets, and the contribution of different CB1-R-expressing neurons to this pattern, are unclear. We use a combination of conventional techniques and novel genetic models to evaluate CB1-R expression in striosome (patch) and matrix compartments of the striatum, and in nigral targets of striatal medium spiny projection neurons (MSNs)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466326/structure-of-the-d2-dopamine-receptor-bound-to-the-atypical-antipsychotic-drug-risperidone
#15
Sheng Wang, Tao Che, Anat Levit, Brian K Shoichet, Daniel Wacker, Bryan L Roth
Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that has been implicated in processes as diverse as reward, addiction, control of coordinated movement, metabolism and hormonal secretion. Correspondingly, dysregulation of the dopaminergic system has been implicated in diseases such as schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and nausea and vomiting. The actions of dopamine are mediated by a family of five G-protein-coupled receptors. The D2 dopamine receptor (DRD2) is the primary target for both typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs, and for drugs used to treat Parkinson's disease...
March 8, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464814/drd2-promoter-methylation-and-measures-of-alcohol-reward-functional-activation-of-reward-circuits-and-clinical-severity
#16
L Cinnamon Bidwell, Hollis C Karoly, Rachel E Thayer, Eric D Claus, Angela D Bryan, Barbara J Weiland, Sophie YorkWilliams, Kent E Hutchison
Studies have identified strong associations between D2 receptor binding potential and neural responses to rewarding stimuli and substance use. Thus, D2 receptor perturbations are central to theoretical models of the pathophysiology of substance dependence, and epigenetic changes may represent one of the fundamental molecular mechanisms impacting the effects of alcohol exposure on the brain. We hypothesized that epigenetic alterations in the promoter region of the dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) gene would be associated with cue-elicited activation of neural reward regions, as well as severity of alcohol use behavior...
February 21, 2018: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454035/high-and-low-doses-of-cocaine-intake-are-differentially-regulated-by-dopamine-d2-receptors-in-the-ventral-tegmental-area-and-the-nucleus-accumbens
#17
R Chen, S McIntosh, S E Hemby, H Sun, T Sexton, Thomas Martin, S R Childers
Dopamine D2 receptors (D2Rs) in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and the nucleus accumbens (NAc) are associated with vulnerability to addiction; however, whether D2Rs in these two brain regions play differential roles in regulation of drug intake is unknown. Here, we compared the effect of decreased mRNA level of Drd2 in each region on cocaine self-administration in a dose-response function. Drd2 mRNA levels in rat VTA or NAc were knocked down by bilateral microinjection of lentivirus coding shRNAs against rat Drd2...
February 14, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445764/quantified-coexpression-analysis-of-central-amygdala-subpopulations
#18
Kenneth M McCullough, Filomene G Morrison, Jakob Hartmann, William A Carlezon, Kerry J Ressler
Molecular identification and characterization of fear controlling circuitries is a promising path towards developing targeted treatments of fear-related disorders. Three-color in situ hybridization analysis was used to determine whether somatostatin (SOM, Sst ), neurotensin (NTS, Nts ), corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF, Crf ), tachykinin 2 (TAC2, Tac2 ), protein kinase c-δ (PKC-δ, Prkcd ), and dopamine receptor 2 (DRD2, Drd2 ) mRNA colocalize in male mouse amygdala neurons. Expression and colocalization was examined across capsular (CeC), lateral (CeL), and medial (CeM) compartments of the central amygdala...
January 2018: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423959/low-resilience-to-stress-is-associated-with-candidate-gene-expression-alterations-in-the-dopaminergic-signalling-pathway
#19
Esfandiar Azadmarzabadi, Arvin Haghighatfard, Alireza Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: In stressful situations, a person's ability to appropriately complete tasks with minimal anxiety is known as stress resilience. Genetic variants in neuropeptide Y, Corticotropin releasing hormone receptor 1 (CRHR1), and serotonin transporter have been previously reported to be associated with low resilience, but the relationship between low resilience and the dopaminergic signalling pathway is not well understood. Here, we aimed to describe the association between comprehensive psychological characteristics and messenger RNA levels of dopamine receptor D1 (DRD1), dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2), dopamine receptor D3 (DRD3), dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4), dopamine receptor D5 (DRD5), COMT, Dopamine Beta-Hydroxylase (DBH), Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), monoamine oxidase A (MAOM), dopa decarboxylase (DDC), dopamine transporter (DAT), serotonin transporter (5-HTT), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) genes based on peripheral blood samples from 400 subjects who react differently to major life event stressors...
February 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423319/improvement-of-long-term-memory-access-with-a-pro-dopamine-regulator-in-an-elderly-male-are-we-targeting-dopamine-tone
#20
Thomas McLaughlin, David Han, James Nicholson, Bruce Steinberg, Kenneth Blum, Marcelo Febo, Eric Braverman, Mona Li, Lyle Fried, Rajendra Badgaiyan
With aging, there is decline in both short-term and long-term memory. This effect is magnified by epigenetic insults on specific, dopamine- related genes (e.g., DRD2, DAT1) as well as by impaired or reduced mRNA transcription. In addition, long-term memory ability is positively correlated with dopamine function and there is evidence that aging is associated with a reduction in brain dopamine D2 receptors, with an acceleration seen in aging-induced dementia. As a result, the authors tested the acute effect of a Pro-Dopamine Regulator (KB220Z, liquid Nano variant) on an aspect of long-term memory performance in a 77-year-old, highly functional male, using the Animal Naming Test (ANT)...
May 2017: Journal of Systems and Integrative Neuroscience
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