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Shabnam Nohesara, Mohammad Ghadirivasfi, Mahmood Barati, Mohammad-Reza Ghasemzadeh, Samira Narimani, Zohreh Mousavi-Behbahani, Mohammadtaghi Joghataei, Mansoureh Soleimani, Mozhgan Taban, Soraya Mehrabi, Sam Thiagalingam, Hamid Mostafavi Abdolmaleky
Methamphetamine, one of the most frequently used illicit drugs worldwide, can induce psychosis in a large fraction of abusers and it is becoming a major problem for the health care institutions. There is some evidence that genetic and epigenetic factors may play roles in methamphetamine psychosis. In this study, we examined methamphetamine-induced epigenetic and expression changes of several key genes involved in psychosis. RNA and DNA extracted from the saliva samples of patients with methamphetamine dependency with and without psychosis as well as control subjects (each group 25) were analyzed for expression and promoter DNA methylation status of DRD1, DRD2, DRD3, DRD4, MB-COMT, GAD1, and AKT1 using qRT-PCR and q-MSP, respectively...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Susan W Wesmiller, Susan M Sereika, Catherine M Bender, Dana Bovbjerg, Gretchen Ahrendt, Marguerite Bonaventura, Yvette P Conley
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are two of the most frequent and distressing complications following surgical procedures, with as many as 80% of patients considered to be at risk. Despite recognition of well-established risk factors and the subsequent use of clinical guidelines, 20-30% of women do not respond to antiemetic protocols, indicating that there may be a genetic risk. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to describe the incidence and explore the risk factors associated with PONV after surgery in women diagnosed with early stage breast cancer...
September 28, 2016: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
Jing Qiu, Zhongjun Yan, Kai Tao, Yansong Li, Yuqian Li, Jingchen Li, Yushu Dong, Dayun Feng, Huisheng Chen
BACKGROUND: Astrocyte-mediated neuroinflammation plays a critical role in ischemic stroke-induced secondary cerebral injury. Previous studies have suggested that the dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) acts as a key target in regulating the neuroinflammatory response. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are still unknown, and effective DRD2 agonists are lacking. In the present study, we examined the anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects of sinomenine (Sino), a monomeric compound with potential immunoregulatory properties in nervous system...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Kirsten E Zeuner, Albert Acewicz, Arne Knutzen, Dirk Dressler, Katja Lohmann, Karsten Witt
Writers' cramp is a movement disorder with dystonic co-contraction of fingers and hand during writing and is part of the clinical spectrum of focal dystonias. Previous studies showed reduced striatal dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) availability in dystonia. The expression of D2 receptors is modulated by a DRD2/ANKK1-Taq1A polymorphism (rs1800497). This study addresses the question of whether the DRD2/ANKK1-Taq1A polymorphism is a risk factor for writer's cramp. We determined the DRD2/ANKK1-Taq1A polymorphism 34 patients with writer's cramp compared to 67 age matched controls...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Neurogenetics
Bo-Ram Kim, Hahn Young Kim, Young Il Chun, Yeo-Min Yun, Hyuntae Kim, Dong-Hee Choi, Jongmin Lee
BACKGROUND: The dopamine system plays a key role in motor learning and neuroplasticity. Several studies have studied the efficacy of dopaminergic drugs in enhancing motor recovery after stroke, but the effects are controversial. Although genetic variations in plasticity-related genes influence each individual's capacity for recovery after stroke, limited studies have investigated the effects of polymorphism of dopamine-related genes. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the association between motor recovery in stroke patients and polymorphisms in the dopamine-related genes catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), dopamine receptor D1 (DRD1), DRD2, and DRD3...
September 29, 2016: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Goran Papenberg, Nina Becker, Beata Ferencz, Moshe Naveh-Benjamin, Erika J Laukka, Lars Bäckman, Yvonne Brehmer
Previous research shows that associative memory declines more than item memory in aging. Although the underlying mechanisms of this selective impairment remain poorly understood, animal and human data suggest that dopaminergic modulation may be particularly relevant for associative binding. We investigated the influence of dopamine (DA) receptor genes on item and associative memory in a population-based sample of older adults (n = 525, aged 60 years), assessed with a face-scene item associative memory task...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Rabia R Chhangur, Joyce Weeland, Geertjan Overbeek, Walter Matthys, Bram Orobio de Castro, Danielle van der Giessen, Jay Belsky
This study investigated whether children scoring higher on a polygenic plasticity index based on five dopaminergic genes (DRD4, DRD2, DAT1, MAOA, and COMT) benefited the most from the Incredible Years (IY) parent program. Data were used from a randomized controlled trial including 341 Dutch families with 4- to 8-year-old children (55.7% boys) showing moderate to high levels of problem behavior. IY proved to be most effective in decreasing parent-reported (but not observed) externalizing behavior in boys (but not girls) carrying more rather than fewer dopaminergic plasticity alleles; this Gene × Intervention effect was most pronounced in the case of boys whose parents' manifested the most positive change in parenting in response to the intervention...
September 15, 2016: Child Development
Jianjun Gao, Lea K Davis, Amy B Hart, Sandra Sanchez-Roige, Lide Han, John T Cacioppo, Abraham A Palmer
Loneliness is a complex biological trait that has been associated with numerous negative health outcomes. The measurement and environmental determinants of loneliness are well understood, but its genetic basis is not. Previous studies have estimated the heritability of loneliness between 37 and 55% using twins and family-based approaches, and have explored the role of specific candidate genes. We used genotypic and phenotypic data from 10 760 individuals aged ⩾50 years that were collected by the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) to perform the first genome-wide association study of loneliness...
October 12, 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Szilvia Fiatal, Réka Tóth, Ágota Moravcsik-Kornyicki, Zsigmond Kósa, János Sándor, Martin McKee, Róza Ádány
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of smoking in Romani of both genders is significantly higher than in the general population. Our aim was to determine whether a genetic susceptibility contributes to the high prevalence of smoking among Roma in a study based on data collected from cross-sectional surveys. METHODS: Twenty single nucleotide polymorphisms known to be closely related to smoking behavior were investigated in DNA samples of Hungarian Roma (N = 1273) and general (N = 2388) populations...
June 27, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Beimeng Yang, Weibo Niu, Shiqing Chen, Fei Xu, Xingwang Li, Xi Wu, Yanfei Cao, Rui Zhang, Fengping Yang, Lu Wang, Weidong Li, Yifeng Xu, Lin He, Guang He
Schizophrenia is a highly heritable psychiatric disorder often associated with dopamine-related genetic variations. Thus, we performed a case-control study in 1504 Han Chinese population to evaluate the association of DRD1, DRD2 and DRD3 polymorphisms with schizophrenia. No statistically significant difference in allelic or genotypic frequency was found between schizophrenia and control subjects. Strong positive linkage disequilibrium was detected among the SNPs within DRD1 and DRD2. However, no positive haplotype distribution was found to be associated with schizophrenia...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Amine Benyamina, Laurent Karila, Geneviève Lafaye, Lisa Blecha
Cannabis consumption has radically changed over the last several decades. Tetrahydrcannbidiol concentrations are rising, cannabidiol concentrations falling and cannabis is becoming legalized in several regions of the globe. Concerns have been raised as to the impact of increased cannabis exposure within the general population on public health. One of the more serious concerns is the potential relationship between cannabis consumption and psychosis. Research has shown a relationship between increasing cannabis use and increasing psychosis risk...
August 30, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Tao Huang, Cheng-Lin Liu, Lin-Lin Li, Mei-Hong Cai, Wen-Zhong Chen, Yi-Feng Xu, Paul F O'Reilly, Lei Cai, Lin He
Schizophrenia (SCZ) may cause tuberculosis, the treatments for which can induce anti-tuberculosis drug-induced hepatotoxicity (ATDH) and SCZ-like disorders. To date, the causal genes of both SCZ and ATDH are unknown. To identify them, we proposed a new network-based method by integrating network random walk with restart algorithm, gene set enrichment analysis, and hypergeometric test; using this method, we identified 500 common causal genes. For gene validation, we created a regularly updated online database ATDH-SCZgenes and conducted a systematic meta-analysis of the association of each gene with either disease...
2016: Scientific Reports
Min-Wei Huang, Tai-An Chiang, Pei-Yu Lo, Ching-Shan Huang
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether variation in the dopamine D2 receptor gene (DRD2) and tri-dimensional personality questionnaire (TPQ) scores could be used to aid adjustment of daily methadone requirements of heroin addicts. DRD2 TaqI B polymorphisms and TPQ scores were determined in 138 male Taiwanese heroin addicts who were receiving methadone treatment. Borderline index (harm avoidance + novelty seeking-reward dependence) was calculated for each subject, and three groups were defined: high (mean from all subjects plus 1 standard deviation, or greater), low (half of the calculated high score, or lower) and medium (all values between the high and low scores)...
2016: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
Pouria Jandaghi, Hamed S Najafabadi, Andrea S Bauer, Andreas I Papadakis, Matteo Fassan, Anita Hall, Anie Monast, Magnus von Knebel Doeberitz, John P Neoptolemos, Eithne Costello, William Greenhalf, Aldo Scarpa, Bence Sipos, Daniel Auld, Mark Lathrop, Morag Park, Markus W Büchler, Oliver Strobel, Thilo Hackert, Nathalia A Giese, George Zogopoulos, Veena Sangwan, Sidong Huang, Yasser Riazalhosseini, Jörg D Hoheisel
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Incidence of and mortality from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), the most common form of pancreatic cancer, are almost equivalent, so better treatments are needed. We studied gene expression profiles of PDACs and the functions of genes with altered expression to identify new therapeutic targets. METHODS: We performed microarray analysis to analyze gene expression profiles of 195 PDAC and 41 non-tumor pancreatic tissue samples. We undertook an extensive analysis of PDAC transcriptome by superimposing interaction networks of proteins encoded by aberrantly expressed genes over signaling pathways associated with PDAC development to identify factors that might alter regulation of these pathways during tumor progression...
August 28, 2016: Gastroenterology
Yang Sheng, Emily Filichia, Elizabeth Shick, Kenzie L Preston, Karran A Phillips, Leslie Cooperman, Zhicheng Lin, Paul Tesar, Barry Hoffer, Yu Luo
INTRODUCTION: The dopaminergic (DA) system plays important roles in addiction. However, human DA neurons from drug-dependent subjects were not available for study until recent development in inducible pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) technology. METHODS: In this study, we produced DA neurons differentiated using iPSCs derived from opioid-dependent and control subjects carrying different 3' VNTR (variable number tandem repeat) polymorphism in the human dopamine transporter (DAT or SLC6A3)...
August 2016: Brain and Behavior
E Peverelli, E Giardino, D Treppiedi, M Locatelli, V Vaira, S Ferrero, S Bosari, A G Lania, A Spada, G Mantovani
Non-functioning pituitary tumors (NFPTs) frequently present local invasiveness. Dopamine receptor 2 (DRD2) agonists are the only medical therapy that induces tumor shrinkage in some patients. Invasion requires cytoskeleton rearrangements that are tightly regulated by cofilin pathway, whose alterations correlate with invasion in different tumors. We investigated the effect of DR2D agonist on NFPT cells migration/invasion and the molecular mechanisms involved. We demonstrated that DRD2 agonist reduced migration (-44 ± 25%, p < 0...
October 28, 2016: Cancer Letters
Kenneth Blum, Marcelo Febo, Rajendra D Badgaiyan, Eric R Braverman, Kristina Dushaj, Mona Li, Sangmin You, Zsolt Demetrovics
Willuhn et al. observed that habitual cocaine use was correlated with reductions in D2/D3 receptors linked to decreased cue activation in occipital cortex and cerebellum. Dopamine agonist therapy maintains dopamine function and is relapse prevention tactic focused on psychoactive drug and behavioral addictions. Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT) with emphasis on glutaminergic medications fails in the long-term treatment of Reward Deficiency Syndrome Behaviors (RDS). While the careful use of "dopamine antagonist-therapy" short-term is supported, the research-based concept of "dopamine agonist therapy" in long-term is proposed...
July 19, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Brittany Caldwell, Alessandro Ustione, David W Piston
Insulin secretion defects are central to the development of type II diabetes mellitus. Glucose stimulation of insulin secretion has been extensively studied, but its regulation by other stimuli such as incretins and neurotransmitters is not as well understood. We investigated the mechanisms underlying the inhibition of insulin secretion by dopamine, which is synthesized in pancreatic β-cells from circulating L-dopa. Previous research has shown that this inhibition is mediated primarily by activation of the dopamine receptor D3 subtype (DRD3), even though both DRD2 and DRD3 are expressed in β-cells...
August 9, 2016: Biophysical Journal
Suyun Li, Qiang Wang, Lulu Pan, Huijie Li, Xiaorong Yang, Fan Jiang, Nan Zhang, Mingkui Han, Chongqi Jia
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Smoking and smoking cessation are both psychological and physiological traits. We aimed to investigate the interaction between dopamine pathway gene scores and nicotine dependence on smoking cessation in a rural Chinese male population. METHODS: Participants were recruited from 17 villages in Shandong, China. DNA was extracted from blood sample of 819 participants. 25 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 8 dopamine (DA) pathway genes were genotyped...
September 2016: American Journal on Addictions
Zhenhui Li, Ming Zheng, Bahareldin Ali Abdalla, Zhe Zhang, Zhenqiang Xu, Qiao Ye, Haiping Xu, Wei Luo, Qinghua Nie, Xiquan Zhang
In the poultry industry, aggressive behaviour is a large animal welfare issue all over the world. To date, little is known about the underlying genetics of the aggressive behaviour. Here, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to explore the genetic mechanism associated with aggressive behaviour in chickens. The GWAS results showed that a total of 33 SNPs were associated with aggressive behaviour traits (P < 4.6E-6). rs312463697 on chromosome 4 was significantly associated with aggression (P = 2...
2016: Scientific Reports
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