keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sudan

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690916/combined-protocol-for-acute-malnutrition-study-compas-in-rural-south-sudan-and-urban-kenya-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Jeanette Bailey, Natasha Lelijveld, Bethany Marron, Pamela Onyoo, Lara S Ho, Mark Manary, André Briend, Charles Opondo, Marko Kerac
BACKGROUND: Acute malnutrition is a continuum condition, but severe and moderate forms are treated separately, with different protocols and therapeutic products, managed by separate United Nations agencies. The Combined Protocol for Acute Malnutrition Study (ComPAS) aims to simplify and unify the treatment of uncomplicated severe and moderate acute malnutrition (SAM and MAM) for children 6-59 months into one protocol in order to improve the global coverage, quality, continuity of care and cost-effectiveness of acute malnutrition treatment in resource-constrained settings...
April 24, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690899/the-compas-trial-combined-treatment-model-for-acute-malnutrition-study-protocol-for-the-economic-evaluation
#2
Natasha Lelijveld, Jeanette Bailey, Amy Mayberry, Lani Trenouth, Dieynaba S N'Diaye, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Chloe Puett
BACKGROUND: Acute malnutrition is currently divided into severe (SAM) and moderate (MAM) based on level of wasting. SAM and MAM currently have separate treatment protocols and products, managed by separate international agencies. For SAM, the dose of treatment is allocated by the child's weight. A combined and simplified protocol for SAM and MAM, with a standardised dose of ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF), is being trialled for non-inferior recovery rates and may be more cost-effective than the current standard protocols for treating SAM and MAM...
April 24, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686888/prevalence-of-selected-eye-diseases-using-data-harvested-from-ophthalmic-checkup-examination-of-a-cohort-of-two-thousand-middle-eastern-and-north-african-subjects
#3
Nehal M Samy El Gendy, Ahmed A Abdel-Kader
Purpose: To highlight the prevalence of selected ophthalmic diseases accidentally discovered at first-time screening of a large sample of patients from the Middle East and North Africa visiting a large referral university hospital checkup unit based in Cairo. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study of two thousand and thirteen subjects coming for routine ophthalmic medical checkups from different Middle East countries (mainly Egypt, Sudan, and Yemen). Patients were evaluated for prevalence of diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, ocular hypertension, cataract, and amblyopia...
2018: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685158/ebolavirus-diagnosis-made-simple-comparable-and-faster-than-molecular-detection-methods-preparing-for-the-future
#4
Ameh S James, Shawn Todd, Nina M Pollak, Glenn A Marsh, Joanne Macdonald
BACKGROUND: The 2014/2015 Ebolavirus outbreak resulted in more than 28,000 cases and 11,323 reported deaths, as of March 2016. Domestic transmission of the Guinea strain associated with the outbreak occurred mainly in six African countries, and international transmission was reported in four countries. Outbreak management was limited by the inability to rapidly diagnose infected cases. A further fifteen countries in Africa are predicted to be at risk of Ebolavirus outbreaks in the future as a consequence of climate change and urbanization...
April 23, 2018: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680741/etched-poly-ether-ether-ketone-jacket-stir-bar-with-detachable-dumbbell-shaped-structure-for-stir-bar-sorptive-extraction
#5
Wei Zhou, Chenlu Wang, Xuemei Wang, Zilin Chen
Development of stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE) device with high stability and extraction efficiency is critical and challenging by date. In this work, etched poly(ether ether ketone) (PEEK) tube with high mechanical strength and large specific surface area was used as jacket for SBSE device. By etching with concentrated sulfuric acid, the smooth outer surface of PEEK become porous with plenty of micro holes, which was beneficial for coating of sorbents and significantly improved the extraction performance...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678705/hypophysitis-due-to-paranasal-sinusitis-a-neurosurgical-perspective-from-the-developing-world
#6
El Faith Bashir El Malik, Branavan Manoranjan, Olufemi Ajani, Ahmed Zidan
BACKGROUND: and Importance: Sinusitis is a common clinical condition but sphenoid sinusitis is a less common form and even rarer is hypophysitis as a complication of the latter. Clinically, hypophysitis may mimic a pituitary neoplasm in presenting with mass effect and pituitary hormone dysfunction. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We present five cases of sinusitis-related hypophysitis treated at the Royal Care International Hospital in Khartoum, Sudan. Clinical symptoms at presentation included: headache, fever, ptosis, ophthalmoplegia and history of sinusitis with running nose (nasal discharge)...
April 17, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668528/organizational-determinants-of-workplace-violence-against-hospital-workers
#7
Judith Arnetz, Lydia E Hamblin, Sukhesh Sudan, Bengt Arnetz
OBJECTIVE: To identify organizational factors contributing to workplace violence in hospitals. METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted in 2013 among employees in a Midwestern hospital system (n = 446 respondents). Questions concerned employees' experiences of violence at work in the previous year and perceptions of the organizational safety climate. Logistic regressions examined staff interaction and safety climate factors associated with verbal and physical violence, respectively...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665473/magnetic-metal-organic-frameworks-for-fast-and-efficient-solid-phase-extraction-of-six-sudan-dyes-in-tomato-sauce
#8
Xin-Ran Shi, Xue-Lei Chen, Yu-Lan Hao, Li Li, Hou-Jun Xu, Man-Man Wang
Magnetic solid-phase extraction is an effective and useful technique to preconcentrate trace analytes from food samples. In this study, a magnetic trimeric chromium octahedral metal-organic framework (Fe3 O4 -NH2 @MIL-101) was fabricated and characterized. Fe3 O4 -NH2 @MIL-101 was applied as an adsorbent of magnetic solid-phase extraction combined with high performance liquid chromatography to effectively isolate and simultaneously determine six Sudan dyes (Para Red, Sudan I-IV, and Sudan Red 7B) from tomato sauce...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664387/cholera-epidemic-in-south-sudan-and-uganda-and-need-for-international-collaboration-in-cholera-control
#9
Abdinasir Abubakar, Godfrey Bwire, Andrew S Azman, Malika Bouhenia, Lul L Deng, Joseph F Wamala, John Rumunu, Atek Kagirita, Jean Rauzier, Lise Grout, Stephen Martin, Christopher Garimoi Orach, Francisco J Luquero, Marie-Laure Quilici
Combining the official cholera line list data and outbreak investigation reports from the ministries of health in Uganda and South Sudan with molecular analysis of Vibrio cholerae strains revealed the interrelatedness of the epidemics in both countries in 2014. These results highlight the need for collaboration to control cross-border outbreaks.
May 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663303/abdominoperineal-resection-for-rectal-cancer-in-the-twenty-first-century-indications-techniques-and-outcomes
#10
Alexander T Hawkins, Katherine Albutt, Paul E Wise, Karim Alavi, Ranjan Sudan, Andreas M Kaiser, Liliana Bordeianou
BACKGROUND: Management of low rectal cancer continues to be a challenge, and decision making regarding the need for an abdominoperineal resection (APR) in patients with low-lying tumors is complicated. Furthermore, choices need to be made regarding need for modification of the surgical approach based on tumor anatomy and patient goals. DISCUSSION: In this article, we address patient selection, preoperative planning, and intraoperative technique required to perform the three types of abdominoperineal resections for rectal cancer: extrasphincteric, extralevator, and intersphincteric...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660557/theileria-lestoquardi-in-sudan-is-highly-diverse-and-genetically-distinct-from-that-in-oman
#11
Hoyam Awad, Salama Al-Hamidhi, A M El Hussein, Younis Mohammed Zein Yousif, Khalid M Taha, D A Salih, William Weir, Hamza A Babiker
Malignant ovine theileriosis is a severe tick-borne protozoan disease of sheep and other small ruminants which is widespread in sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East. The disease is of considerable economic importance in Sudan as the export of livestock provides a major contribution to the gross domestic product of this country. Molecular surveys have demonstrated a high prevalence of sub-clinical infections of Theileria lestoquardi, the causative agent, among small ruminants. No information is currently available on the extent of genetic diversity and genetic exchange among parasites in different areas of the country...
April 13, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658624/review-of-the-nutrition-situation-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#12
REVIEW
Lara Nasreddine, Jennifer J Ayoub, Ayoub Al Jawaldeh
This situation analysis for the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region focuses on specific nutrition indicators, namely low birth weight, exclusive breastfeeding, under- and overnutrition (anthropometric indicators) and anaemia. The regional average prevalence of low birth weight and exclusive breastfeeding was estimated at 19.31% and 29.3%, respectively. Stunting, wasting and underweight had an average prevalence of 28%, 8.69% and 18%, respectively. Afghanistan, Djibouti, Pakistan, Sudan and Yemen had the highest burden of stunting (> 30%)...
April 5, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653185/sex-differences-in-the-development-of-hepatic-steatosis-in-cafeteria-diet-induced-obesity-in-young-mice
#13
Fabiana Rodrigues Silva Gasparin, Fernando Olinto Carreño, Juliana Moraes Mewes, Eduardo Hideo Gilglioni, Clairce Luzia Salgueiro Pagadigorria, Maria Raquel Marçal Natali, Karina Sayuri Utsunomiya, Rodrigo Polimeni Constantin, Amanda Tomie Ouchida, Carlos Curti, Ingrid C Gaemers, Ronald Petrus Johannes Oude Elferink, Jorgete Constantin, Emy Luiza Ishii-Iwamoto
The present study was planned to improve our understanding about sex differences in the development of hepatic steatosis in cafeteria diet-induced obesity in young mice. Female (FCaf) and male (MCaf) mice fed a cafeteria diet had similar body weight gain and adiposity index, but FCaf had a more extensive steatosis than MCaf. FCaf livers exhibited a higher non-alcoholic fatty liver disease activity score, elevated lipid percentage area (+34%) in Sudan III staining and increased TG content (+25%) compared to MCaf...
April 10, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650424/implications-of-insecticide-resistance-for-malaria-vector-control-with-long-lasting-insecticidal-nets-a-who-coordinated-prospective-international-observational-cohort-study
#14
Immo Kleinschmidt, John Bradley, Tessa Bellamy Knox, Abraham Peter Mnzava, Hmooda Toto Kafy, Charles Mbogo, Bashir Adam Ismail, Jude D Bigoga, Alioun Adechoubou, Kamaraju Raghavendra, Jackie Cook, Elfatih M Malik, Zinga José Nkuni, Michael Macdonald, Nabie Bayoh, Eric Ochomo, Etienne Fondjo, Herman Parfait Awono-Ambene, Josiane Etang, Martin Akogbeto, Rajendra M Bhatt, Mehul Kumar Chourasia, Dipak K Swain, Teresa Kinyari, Krishanthi Subramaniam, Achille Massougbodji, Mariam Okê-Sopoh, Aurore Ogouyemi-Hounto, Celestin Kouambeng, Mujahid Sheikhedin Abdin, Philippa West, Khalid Elmardi, Sylvie Cornelie, Vincent Corbel, Neena Valecha, Evan Mathenge, Luna Kamau, Jonathan Lines, Martin James Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Scale-up of insecticide-based interventions has averted more than 500 million malaria cases since 2000. Increasing insecticide resistance could herald a rebound in disease and mortality. We aimed to investigate whether insecticide resistance was associated with loss of effectiveness of long-lasting insecticidal nets and increased malaria disease burden. METHODS: This WHO-coordinated, prospective, observational cohort study was done at 279 clusters (villages or groups of villages in which phenotypic resistance was measurable) in Benin, Cameroon, India, Kenya, and Sudan...
April 9, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649222/detecting-hierarchical-levels-of-connectivity-in-a-population-of-acacia-tortilis-at-the-northern-edge-of-the-species-global-distribution-combining-classical-population-genetics-and-network-analyses
#15
Yael S Rodger, Gili Greenbaum, Micha Silver, Shirli Bar-David, Gidon Winters
Genetic diversity and structure of populations at the edge of the species' spatial distribution are important for potential adaptation to environmental changes and consequently, for the long-term survival of the species. Here, we combined classical population genetic methods with newly developed network analyses to gain complementary insights into the genetic structure and diversity of Acacia tortilis, a keystone desert tree, at the northern edge of its global distribution, where the population is under threat from climatic, ecological, and anthropogenic changes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643434/genetic-homogeneity-of-goat-malaria-parasites-in-asia-and-africa-suggests-their-expansion-with-domestic-goat-host
#16
Morakot Kaewthamasorn, Mika Takeda, Tawee Saiwichai, Jesse N Gitaka, Sonthaya Tiawsirisup, Yuhei Imasato, Ehab Mossaad, Ali Sarani, Winai Kaewlamun, Manun Channumsin, Suchart Chaiworakul, Wichit Katepongpun, Surapong Teeveerapunya, Jarus Panthong, Dominic K Mureithi, Saw Bawm, Lat Lat Htun, Mar Mar Win, Ahmed Ali Ismail, Abdalla Mohamed Ibrahim, Keisuke Suganuma, Hassan Hakimi, Ryo Nakao, Ken Katakura, Masahito Asada, Osamu Kaneko
Plasmodium was first identified in a goat in Angola in 1923, and only recently characterized by DNA isolation from a goat blood sample in Zambia. Goats were first domesticated in the Fertile Crescent approximately 10,000 years ago, and are now globally distributed. It is not known if the Plasmodium identified in African goats originated from parasites circulating in the local ungulates, or if it co-evolved in the goat before its domestication. To address this question, we performed PCR-based surveillance using a total of 1,299 goat blood samples collected from Sudan and Kenya in Africa, Iran in west Asia, and Myanmar and Thailand in southeast Asia...
April 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627858/first-detection-of-echinococcus-granulosus-sensu-stricto-g1-in-dogs-in-central-sudan
#17
Rihab Ali Omer, Arwid Daugschies, Sandra Gawlowska, Ayman Elnahas, Peter Kern, Sofia Bashir, Mohammed Sir Alkhatim Ali, Amin Osman, Thomas Romig
Eighty-four stray dogs shot as a part of a governmental rabies control program in two neighboring towns of central Sudan were examined for the presence of Echinococcus spp. and other intestinal helminths. Echinococcus worms were identified to species level by PCR and gene sequencing. For comparative reasons, rectal content of the necropsied dogs was examined for helminth eggs and subjected to copro-PCR for Echinococcus. At necropsy, 51.2% (43/84) of the dogs harbored Echinococcus canadensis (G6/7) worms with worm burdens ranging from 22,000 to 80,000...
April 7, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625457/differentiation-patterns-of-immortalized-human-meibomian-gland-epithelial-cells-in-three-dimensional-culture
#18
Nagayoshi Asano, Ulrike Hampel, Fabian Garreis, Antje Schröder, Martin Schicht, Christian M Hammer, Friedrich Paulsen
Purpose: To establish a simplified three-dimensional (3D) meibomian gland culture model using a meibomian gland epithelial cell (HMGEC) line that might be a useful tool to gain deeper insights into meibomian gland dysfunction. For this purpose, 3D differentiation patterns and growth characteristics of HMGECs were studied on various membranes/scaffolds as well as in hanging drops. Methods: Several types of inserts consisting of different materials (Millicell-HA, Millicell-PCF, ThinCert, and Alvetex) as well as hanging drop culture were analyzed...
March 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624584/the-impact-of-passive-case-detection-on-the-transmission-dynamics-of-gambiense-human-african-trypanosomiasis
#19
Francesco Checchi, Sebastian Funk, Daniel Chandramohan, François Chappuis, Daniel T Haydon
Gambiense Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT), or sleeping sickness, is a vector-borne disease affecting largely rural populations in Western and Central Africa. The main method for detecting and treating cases of gambiense HAT are active screening through mobile teams and passive detection through self-referral of patients to dedicated treatment centres or hospitals. Strategies based on active case finding and treatment have drastically reduced the global incidence of the disease over recent decades. However, little is known about the coverage and transmission impact of passive case detection...
April 6, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622186/non-targeted-detection-of-paprika-adulteration-using-mid-infrared-spectroscopy-and-one-class-classification-is-it-data-preprocessing-that-makes-the-performance
#20
Bettina Horn, Susanne Esslinger, Michael Pfister, Carsten Fauhl-Hassek, Janet Riedl
A method for the non-targeted detection of paprika adulteration was developed using Fourier transform mid-infrared (FT-MIR) spectroscopy and one-class soft independent modelling of class analogy (OCSIMCA). One-class models based on commercially available paprika powders were developed and optimised to provide >80% sensitivity by external validation. The performances of the established models for adulteration detection were tested by predicting spiked paprika samples with various types of fraudulent material and levels of adulterations including 1% (w/w) Sudan I, 1% (w/w) Sudan IV, 3% (w/w) lead chromate, 3% (w/w) lead oxide, 5% (w/w) silicon dioxide, 10% (w/w) polyvinyl chloride, and 10% (w/w) gum arabic...
August 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
keyword
keyword
23795
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"