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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226959/larvivorous-fish-for-preventing-malaria-transmission
#1
REVIEW
Deirdre P Walshe, Paul Garner, Ahmed A Adeel, Graham H Pyke, Thomas R Burkot
BACKGROUND: Adult female Anopheles mosquitoes can transmit Plasmodium parasites that cause malaria. Some fish species eat mosquito larvae and pupae. In disease control policy documents, the World Health Organization (WHO) includes biological control of malaria vectors by stocking ponds, rivers, and water collections near where people live with larvivorous fish to reduce Plasmodium parasite transmission. In the past, the Global Fund has financed larvivorous fish programmes in some countries, and, with increasing efforts in eradication of malaria, policymakers may return to this option...
December 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221525/peer-reviewed-veterinary-journals-from-arabic-speaking-countries-a-systematic-review
#2
Kristen M Robertson, Jacquelyn E Bowser, Joshua Bernstein, Basil H Aboul-Enein
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diseases of foodborne and zoonotic origin in Arabic-speaking countries highlights the importance of collaboration between human and animal health professionals. However, accessibility of research and evidence-based practices in these countries is not well characterized. This brief report determines the availability of professional veterinary journals within the Arabic-speaking region. METHODS: An electronic search using 6 databases assessed for publication period, activity status, and available languages incorporated all aspects of veterinary medicine and specialties...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220827/exploring-divers-of-forest-degradation-and-fragmentation-in-sudan-the-case-of-erawashda-forest-and-its-surrounding-community
#3
Hussein M Sulieman
Sudan is a hot spot for forest degradation. Efforts to maintain what remains of its forests should be of the highest priority. However, precise information on its forests' current state is very limited. Therefore, in order to effectively intervene in support of existing resources, it is important to have a better understanding of processes taking place in the country and impacting those resources. The objectives of this study are to quantify the consequences of land use and land cover (LULC) changes on forest degradation and fragmentation and to analyze the anthropogenic factors causing it, taking Erawashda Forest, eastern Sudan, as an example...
December 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216028/progress-toward-global-eradication-of-dracunculiasis-january-2016-june-2017
#4
Donald R Hopkins, Ernesto Ruiz-Tiben, Mark L Eberhard, Sharon L Roy, Adam J Weiss
Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease) is caused by Dracunculus medinensis, a parasitic worm. Approximately 1 year after a person acquires infection from contaminated drinking water, the worm emerges through the skin, usually on a lower limb (1). Pain and secondary bacterial infection can cause temporary or permanent disability that disrupts work and schooling. The campaign to eradicate dracunculiasis worldwide began in 1980 at CDC. In 1986, the World Health Assembly called for dracunculiasis elimination,* and the global Guinea Worm Eradication Program, led by the Carter Center and supported by the World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Children's Fund, CDC, and other partners, began assisting ministries of health in countries with endemic dracunculiasis...
December 8, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215269/lanthanum-based-metal-organic-frameworks-for-specific-detection-of-sudan-virus-rna-conservative-sequences-down-to-single-base-mismatch
#5
Shui-Ping Yang, Wei Zhao, Pei-Pei Hu, Ke-Yang Wu, Zhi-Hong Jiang, Li-Ping Bai, Min-Min Li, Jin-Xiang Chen
Reactions of La(NO3)3ยท6H2O with the polar, tritopic quaternized carboxylate ligands N-carboxymethyl-3,5-dicarboxylpyridinium bromide (H3CmdcpBr) and N-(4-carboxybenzyl)-3,5-dicarboxylpyridinium bromide (H3CbdcpBr) afford two water-stable metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) of {[La4(Cmdcp)6(H2O)9]}n (1, 3D) and {[La2(Cbdcp)3(H2O)10]}n (2, 2D). MOFs 1 and 2 absorb the carboxyfluorescein (FAM)-tagged probe DNA (P-DNA) and quench the fluorescence of FAM via a photoinduced electron transfer (PET) process. The nonemissive P-DNA@MOF hybrids thus formed in turn function as sensing platforms to distinguish conservative linear, single-stranded RNA sequences of Sudan virus with high selectivity and low detection limits of 112 and 67 pM, respectively (at a signal-to-noise ratio of 3)...
December 7, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214043/folic-acid-level-and-preterm-birth-among-sudanese-women
#6
Manal E Sharif, Ahmed Mohamedain, AbdelBagi A Ahmed, Abubakr M Nasr, Ishag Adam
Background: Preterm birth (PTB) is the major health problem world-wide; there are few published studies on PTB and folic acid. Methods: The study was conducted to assess the serum level of folic acid in PTB. A case-control study was conducted at Saad Abualila maternity hospital (Khartoum, Sudan) during the period of March through December 2015. Women who delivered live singleton babies were dived in two groups; the cases were women who had PTB "delivery before completed 37weeks but after 24 weeks of pregnancy" and the controls were women who delivered at term (37-42 weeks)...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213301/including-refugees-in-disease-elimination-challenges-observed-from-a-sleeping-sickness-programme-in-uganda
#7
Jennifer J Palmer, Okello Robert, Freddie Kansiime
Background: Ensuring equity between forcibly-displaced and host area populations is a key challenge for global elimination programmes. We studied Uganda's response to the recent refugee influx from South Sudan to identify key governance and operational lessons for national sleeping sickness programmes working with displaced populations today. A refugee policy which favours integration of primary healthcare services for refugee and host populations and the availability of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) to detect sleeping sickness at this health system level makes Uganda well-placed to include refugees in sleeping sickness surveillance...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213170/prune-belly-syndrome-a-report-of-15-cases-from-sudan
#8
Abdelmoneim E M Kheir, Eltigani M A Ali, Safaa A Medani, Huda S Maaty
Prune belly syndrome is a rare congenital malformation of unknown aetiology, composed of a triad of deficient abdominal wall muscle, cryptorchidism and urinary tract anomalies. The majority of patients have associated pulmonary, skeletal, cardiac, and gastrointestinal defects. This was a prospective, case finding study that was conducted in the main paediatric hospitals in Khartoum state, during the period December 2015 to September 2016. A total of 15 patients with prune belly syndrome were collected. Patients' characteristics were noted including socio-demographic data, laboratory and radiological investigations and any medical or surgical intervention...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213167/pain-assessment-and-management-the-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-sudanese-paediatric-residents
#9
Mohammed A A Alhassan, Fathelrahman E Ahmed, Abdolmoneim A Bannaga
This was a prospective, descriptive, cross sectional study that was conducted in 9 major paediatric hospitals accredited for training of residents in Sudan to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of residents in paediatrics on issues related to pain assessment and pain management in children A semi-structured and validated questionnaire was distributed to 174 residents working in these hospitals. One hundred and twenty residents, out of 174, responded by filling the questionnaire, with a response rate of 68%...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213165/prevalence-of-helicobacter-pylori-among-sudanese-children-admitted-to-a-specialized-children-hospital
#10
Karimeldin M A Salih, Omer A Elfaki, Yassin H M Hamid, Widad M A Eldouch, Mona Diab, Sulafa O Abdelgadir
The infection by Helicobacter Pylori (HP), a gram-negative bacillus, is more prevalent in the developing countries, and more often among younger people reaching up to 10% of the population in comparison to only 0.5% in more developed world. Generally HP is asymptomatic in children. This study aimed to determining the prevalence of Hp among Sudanese children and to recognize associated epidemiological features. It was a prospective cross sectional study at Gaafar Ibn Aouf children hospital (GCH) in the period between December 2010 and May 2011...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210349/high-prevalence-of-shigella-or-enteroinvasive-escherichia-coli-carriage-among-residents-of-an-internally-displaced-persons-camp-in-south-sudan
#11
Jesse Bliss, Malika Bouhenia, Peter Hale, Brianne A Couturier, Anita S Iyer, John Rumunu, Stephen Martin, Joseph F Wamala, Abdinasir Abubakar, David A Sack, Francisco J Luquero, Marc Roger Couturier, Andrew S Azman, Daniel T Leung
Displaced persons living in camps are at an increased risk of diarrheal diseases. Subclinical carriage of pathogens may contribute to the spread of disease, especially for microbes that require a low infectious dose. Multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to detect a panel of 20 bacterial, viral, and protozoal targets, and we report a high prevalence of enteropathogen carriage, including Shigella spp. or enteroinvasive Escherichia coli in 14%, among a sample of 88 asymptomatic individuals in an internally displaced persons camp in South Sudan...
December 4, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209336/drdb-an-online-date-palm-genomic-resource-database
#12
Zilong He, Chengwei Zhang, Wanfei Liu, Qiang Lin, Ting Wei, Hasan A Aljohi, Wei-Hua Chen, Songnian Hu
Background: Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is a cultivated woody plant with agricultural and economic importance in many countries around the world. With the advantages of next generation sequencing technologies, genome sequences for many date palm cultivars have been released recently. Short sequence repeat (SSR) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) can be identified from these genomic data, and have been proven to be very useful biomarkers in plant genome analysis and breeding. Results: Here, we first improved the date palm genome assembly using 130X of HiSeq data generated in our lab...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206994/trends-and-patterns-in-leprosy-in-nine-states-of-the-republic-of-the-sudan-7-years-after-the-introduction-of-routine-contact-screening
#13
Karl Philipp Puchner, Sandra Parisi, Eva-Maria Schwienhorst-Stich, Christa Kasang, Mohamed Salah, Emile Tanyous
Background: This paper analyzes the trends of key indicators reflecting the epidemiological situation of leprosy in nine different states of the Republic of the Sudan after the introduction of a systematic contact screening in 2010. Methods: The routinely assessed data from the leprosy control program from 2010 to 2016 were analyzed. Results: Despite, intense contact screening, the overall number of new cases detected showed a decreasing trend...
December 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203255/increasing-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-impact-of-ethnicity-in-north-sudan
#14
Mohamed A Eltom, Abubakr H Babiker Mohamed, Hind Elrayah-Eliadarous, Kamal Yassin, Sufian K Noor, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Mohamed H Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus constitutes a global health threat, with increasing burden of disease in low and middle-income countries witnessing ongoing epidemiological transition including Sudan. AIMS: To study the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and prediabetes and determine the relationship to gender, age, waist circumference, body mass index, residence and ethnicity among the adult population in north Sudan. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study in Northern State and River Nile State using random multi-stage cluster sampling targeting 5,376 participants from 14 localities divided into 60 urban and 40 rural clusters...
December 1, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202093/health-status-and-health-systems-financing-in-the-mena-region-roadmap-to-universal-health-coverage
#15
Eyob Zere Asbu, Maysoun Dimachkie Masri, Amer Kaissi
Background: Since the declaration of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 1990, many countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region made some improvements in maternal and child health and in tackling communicable diseases. The transition to the global agenda of Sustainable Development Goals brings new opportunities for countries to move forward toward achieving progress for better health, well-being, and universal health coverage. This study provides a profile of health status and health financing approaches in the MENA region and their implications on universal health coverage...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200733/amelioration-of-intestinal-barrier-dysfunction-by-berberine-in-the-treatment-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-rats
#16
Donghao Li, Jimin Zheng, Yiting Hu, Hongtao Hou, Shurong Hao, Na Liu, Yuzhen Wang
Objective: To investigate the effect of berberine (BBR) on intestinal barrier function in nonalcoholic fat liver disease (NAFLD) in rats. Materials and Methods: Rats were divided into three groups: normal diet group (control group [CON group]), high-fat diet feeding group (HFD group), and HFD with BBR group. After 8 weeks of HFD feeding, rats in the BBR group were given BBR intragastrically at a dose of 150 mg/kg daily for 4 weeks. The same volume of normal saline was given to the CON and HFD groups...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191181/immunohistochemistry-defined-subtypes-of-breast-cancer-in-678-sudanese-and-eritrean-women-hospitals-based-case-series
#17
Asmerom Tesfamariam Sengal, Nada Suliman Haj-Mukhtar, Ahmed Mohammed Elhaj, Shahinaz Bedri, Eva Johanna Kantelhardt, Ahmed A Mohamedani
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common malignancy accounting for 25% of all cancers in females. In Africa, breast cancer prevalence and mortality are steadily increasing. Knowledge of hormone receptors and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) expressions are vital for breast cancer management plans and decision making. There is wide regional variation in the proportion of these biomarkers, especially in African countries. Hormone receptors positivity in indigenous African and African American women is considered to be low and triple negative breast cancer is a dominant phenotype...
December 1, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187210/state-of-newborn-care-in-south-sudan-s-displacement-camps-a-descriptive-study-of-facility-based-deliveries
#18
Samira Sami, Kate Kerber, Solomon Kenyi, Ribka Amsalu, Barbara Tomczyk, Debra Jackson, Alexander Dimiti, Elaine Scudder, Janet Meyers, Jean Paul De Charles Umurungi, Kemish Kenneth, Luke C Mullany
BACKGROUND: Approximately 2.7 million neonatal deaths occur annually, with highest rates of neonatal mortality in countries that have recently experienced conflict. Constant instability in South Sudan further strains a weakened health system and poses public health challenges during the neonatal period. We aimed to describe the state of newborn facility-level care in displaced person camps across Juba, Malakal, and Maban. METHODS: We conducted clinical observations of the labor and delivery period, exit interviews with recently delivered mothers, health facility assessments, and direct observations of midwife time-use...
November 29, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185938/thauera-propionica-sp-nov-isolated-from-downstream-sediment-sample-of-the-river-ganges-kanpur-india
#19
Deepika Pal, Ayanka Bhardwaj, Sarabjeet Kour Sudan, Navjot Kaur, Munesh Kumari, Bhawana Bisht, Bhawna Vyas, Srinivasan Krishnamurthi, Shanmugam Mayilraj
A Gram-stain-negative, non-endospore-producing, short-rod strain, KNDSS-Mac4T, was isolated from a downstream sediment sample of the river Ganges, Kanpur, India and studied by using the polyphasic taxonomic approach. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis uncovered that the strain had similarity to species of the genus Thauera and formed a distinct phylogenetic cluster with Thauera humireducens KACC16524T. However, KNDSS-Mac4T showed closest phylogenetic affiliation to Thauera aminoaromatica DSM 14742T with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 98...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183852/identification-of-an-area-predominantly-endemic-for-childhood-and-adolescent-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-central-sudan
#20
Abdelhafeiz Mahamoud, Hussam Ali Osman, Elfadil Mustafa Abass, Atif El Agib, Rubens Riscala Madi, Saul J Semiao-Santos, Abdallah El Harith
Although widely spread throughout Sudan, visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is predominantly endemic in the Gedaref, southern Blue-Nile, and Umrimta areas located in the eastern, southern, and central regions, respectively. Regardless of form (endemic or epidemic), VL occurrence follows similar patterns as all ages and both sexes are affected. From January 2005 to May 2016, we received a total of 563 patients with high suspicion for VL from various endemic areas; 159 were children and adolescents (0.5-18 years) from Umrimta (central Sudan)...
November 25, 2017: Acta Tropica
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