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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428302/draft-genome-sequence-of-a-multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-strain-isolated-from-a-patient-with-a-urinary-tract-infection-in-khartoum-sudan
#1
Mohamed Hussain, Malik Suliman, Abdalla Ahmed, Hisham Altayb, Elamin Elneima
Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection is difficult to treat due to the presence of antibiotic resistance determinants. Here, we report the genome sequence of a multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa strain isolated from a patient with a urinary tract infection in 2015.
April 20, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427409/efficacies-of-dha-ppq-and-as-sp-in-patients-with-uncomplicated-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-in-an-area-of-an-unstable-seasonal-transmission-in-sudan
#2
Abdelrahim O Mohamed, Muzamil M Abdel Hamid, Omer S Mohamed, Nuha S Elkando, Abdelmaroof Suliman, Mariam A Adam, Fahad Awad Ali Elnour, Elfatih M Malik
BACKGROUND: Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT), together with other control measures, have reduced the burden of falciparum malaria in sub-Saharan countries, including Sudan. Sudan adopted ACT in 2004 with a remarkable reduction in mortality due to falciparum malaria. However, emergence of resistance to the first-line treatment artesunate and sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine (AS/SP) has created new challenges to the control of malaria in Sudan. A search for an alternative drug of choice for treating uncomplicated malaria has become inevitable...
April 20, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426782/peste-des-petits-ruminants-ppr-a-neglected-tropical-disease-in-maghreb-region-of-north-africa-and-its-threat-to-europe
#3
Ratiba Baazizi, Mana Mahapatra, Brian Donald Clarke, Khatima Ait-Oudhia, Djamel Khelef, Satya Parida
BACKGROUND: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a contagious disease listed by the World Organisation for Animal health (OIE) as being a specific hazard. It affects sheep, goats, and wild ungulates, and is prevalent throughout the developing world particularly Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. PPR has been targeted for eradication by 2030 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the OIE, after the successful eradication of the related disease, rinderpest in cattle...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420573/low-levels-of-physical-activity-in-sudanese-individuals-with-some-features-of-metabolic-syndrome-population-based-study
#4
Samah Khalil, Ahmed O Almobarak, Heitham Awadalla, Wadie M Elmadhoun, Sufian K Noor, Amel A Sulaiman, Mohamed H Ahmed
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of physical activity among Sudanese population. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional study composed of 323 participants from Khartoum state, Sudan. Data collected using pretested designed questionnaire based on previously validated Global Physical Activity Questionnaire. The demographic and physical measurement including blood glucose, anthropometric and blood pressure. RESULTS: The Mean age of participants was 35...
April 7, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406771/comparison-of-the-long-term-and-short-term-fluctuations-of-frequency-doubling-technology-perimetry-between-peripheral-and-paracentral-zones-of-visual-field
#5
Faisal Aziz Khan, Mazhar Ishaq, Amer Yaqub
OBJECTIVE: To compare the long- and short-term fluctuations of frequency doubling technology perimetry between peripheral and paracentral zone and determine the relationship between threshold sensitivity and long- and short-term fluctuation within peripheral and paracentral zone of visual field. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Eye Department, United Nations, Pakistan Field Hospital Level-3 Darfur, Sudan, from February to July 2015...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403980/characteristics-management-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-africa-a-multicountry-observational-study-from-the-africa-liver-cancer-consortium
#6
Ju Dong Yang, Essa A Mohamed, Ashraf O Abdel Aziz, Hend I Shousha, Mohamed B Hashem, Mohamed M Nabeel, Ahmed H Abdelmaksoud, Tamer M Elbaz, Mary Y Afihene, Babatunde M Duduyemi, Joshua P Ayawin, Adam Gyedu, Marie-Jeanne Lohouès-Kouacou, Antonin W Ndjitoyap Ndam, Ehab F Moustafa, Sahar M Hassany, Abdelmajeed M Moussa, Rose A Ugiagbe, Casimir E Omuemu, Richard Anthony, Dennis Palmer, Albert F Nyanga, Abraham O Malu, Solomon Obekpa, Abdelmounem E Abdo, Awatif I Siddig, Hatim M Y Mudawi, Uchenna Okonkwo, Mbang Kooffreh-Ada, Yaw A Awuku, Yvonne A Nartey, Elizabeth T Abbew, Nana A Awuku, Jesse A Otegbayo, Kolawole O Akande, Hailemichael M Desalegn, Abidemi E Omonisi, Akande O Ajayi, Edith N Okeke, Mary J Duguru, Pantong M Davwar, Michael C Okorie, Shettima Mustapha, Jose D Debes, Ponsiano Ocama, Olufunmilayo A Lesi, Emuobor Odeghe, Ruth Bello, Charles Onyekwere, Francis Ekere, Rufina Igetei, Mitchell A Mah'moud, Benyam Addissie, Hawa M Ali, Gregory J Gores, Mark D Topazian, Lewis R Roberts
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma is a leading cause of cancer-related death in Africa, but there is still no comprehensive description of the current status of its epidemiology in Africa. We therefore initiated an African hepatocellular carcinoma consortium aiming to describe the clinical presentation, management, and outcomes of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in Africa. METHODS: We did a multicentre, multicountry, retrospective observational cohort study, inviting investigators from the African Network for Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases to participate in the consortium to develop hepatocellular carcinoma research databases and biospecimen repositories...
February 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403897/trypanosoma-vivax-is-the-second-leading-cause-of-camel-trypanosomosis-in-sudan-after-trypanosoma-evansi
#7
Ehab Mossaad, Bashir Salim, Keisuke Suganuma, Peter Musinguzi, Mohammed A Hassan, E A Elamin, G E Mohammed, Amel O Bakhiet, Xuenan Xuan, Rawan A Satti, Noboru Inoue
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted in response to recurring reports from eastern Sudan of camel trypanosomosis that can no longer be treated by currently available trypanocidal drugs. One hundred and eighty-nine blood samples were obtained from camels in different herds and local markets in the western part of Sudan, and a cross-sectional study was carried out between December 2015 and February 2016 to identify the causative agents and possible circulating genotypes. RESULTS: The prevalence of trypanosomes detected using the conventional parasitological techniques of Giemsa-stained blood smears, wet blood smears and the microhematocrit centrifugation technique (MHCT) was 7% (13/189), 11% (21/189) and 19% (36/189), respectively...
April 13, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402862/cooperativity-enables-non-neutralizing-antibodies-to-neutralize-ebolavirus
#8
Katie A Howell, Jennifer M Brannan, Christopher Bryan, Andrew McNeal, Edgar Davidson, Hannah L Turner, Hong Vu, Sergey Shulenin, Shihua He, Ana Kuehne, Andrew S Herbert, Xiangguo Qiu, Benjamin J Doranz, Frederick W Holtsberg, Andrew B Ward, John M Dye, M Javad Aman
Drug combinations are synergistic when their combined efficacy exceeds the sum of the individual actions, but they rarely include ineffective drugs that become effective only in combination. We identified several "enabling pairs" of neutralizing and non-neutralizing anti-ebolavirus monoclonal antibodies, whose combination exhibited new functional profiles, including transforming a non-neutralizing antibody to a neutralizer. Sub-neutralizing concentrations of antibodies 2G4 or m8C4 enabled non-neutralizing antibody FVM09 (IC50 >1 μM) to exhibit potent neutralization (IC50 1-10 nM)...
April 11, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402283/some-nematodes-including-two-new-species-from-freshwater-fishes-in-the-sudan-and-ethiopia
#9
Frantisek Moravec, Tomas Scholz
Fourteen species (twelve adult and two larval) of nematodes belonging to the Ascaridoidea, Camallanoidea, Cosmocercoidea, Habronematoidea, Oxyuroidea, Seuratoidea and Trichinelloidea were collected from fishes in the Sudan (River Nile and Atbara Dam Lake), whereas only four species (one adult and three larval) of the Ascaridoidea, Camallanoidea, Dioctophymatoidea and Trichinelloideafrom fishes in Ethiopia (Lake Tana). The Sudanese material also contained two previously unknown species, Cucullanus mormyri sp...
April 4, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401274/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-trauma-and-reconciliation-in-south-sudan
#10
Lauren C Ng, Belkys López, Matthew Pritchard, David Deng
PURPOSE: South Sudan is embroiled in a conflict that erupted in December 2013. This study examines what people in South Sudan think is necessary to achieve reconciliation and how trauma exposure and PTSD are associated with those beliefs. METHODS: 1525 participants (51.0% female) were selected using random and purposive sampling in six states and Abyei. Participants reported on traumatic events, PTSD symptoms, and attitudes towards reconciliation mechanisms. RESULTS: Results indicated that 40...
April 11, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392066/maternal-cell-phone-use-during-pregnancy-and-child-behavioral-problems-in-five-birth-cohorts
#11
Laura Birks, Mònica Guxens, Eleni Papadopoulou, Jan Alexander, Ferran Ballester, Marisa Estarlich, Mara Gallastegi, Mina Ha, Margaretha Haugen, Anke Huss, Leeka Kheifets, Hyungryul Lim, Jørn Olsen, Loreto Santa-Marina, Madhuri Sudan, Roel Vermeulen, Tanja Vrijkotte, Elisabeth Cardis, Martine Vrijheid
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have reported associations between prenatal cell phone use and child behavioral problems, but findings have been inconsistent and based on retrospective assessment of cell phone use. This study aimed to assess this association in a multi-national analysis, using data from three cohorts with prospective data on prenatal cell phone use, together with previously published data from two cohorts with retrospectively collected cell phone use data. METHODS: We used individual participant data from 83,884 mother-child pairs in the five cohorts from Denmark (1996-2002), Korea (2006-2011), the Netherlands (2003-2004), Norway (2004-2008), and Spain (2003-2008)...
April 6, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386414/a-morphometric-analysis-of-vegetation-patterns-in-dryland-ecosystems
#12
Luke Mander, Stefan C Dekker, Mao Li, Washington Mio, Surangi W Punyasena, Timothy M Lenton
Vegetation in dryland ecosystems often forms remarkable spatial patterns. These range from regular bands of vegetation alternating with bare ground, to vegetated spots and labyrinths, to regular gaps of bare ground within an otherwise continuous expanse of vegetation. It has been suggested that spotted vegetation patterns could indicate that collapse into a bare ground state is imminent, and the morphology of spatial vegetation patterns, therefore, represents a potentially valuable source of information on the proximity of regime shifts in dryland ecosystems...
February 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383096/awareness-and-practice-of-patients-rights-among-hospitalized-patients-at-wad-medani-teaching-hospital-sudan
#13
Abobaker A H Younis, Amal H A Hassan, Eylaph M E H Dmyatti, Mehad A H Elmubarak, Rahma A A Alterife, Rawan E O Salim, Samar A B Mohamed, Wefag S A M Ahmed
Patients' rights are a fundamental human right and an important part of modern health care practice. This is a cross-sectional descriptive analytic study, conducted amongst 263 patients at Wadi-Medani Teaching Hospital, Sudan, in March-April 2015. Most patients (95.2%) did not know about the Bill of Rights and most of them (92.8%) were not able to mention any of the patients' rights. The most practiced rights were: the right to be asked for permission before examination (88.1%), proper handling (87.8%), safety of the hospital (87%), presence of a third person when examining a female by a male doctor (85...
March 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381279/loa-loa-vectors-chrysops-spp-perspectives-on-research-distribution-bionomics-and-implications-for-elimination-of-lymphatic-filariasis-and-onchocerciasis
#14
REVIEW
Louise Kelly-Hope, Rossely Paulo, Brent Thomas, Miguel Brito, Thomas R Unnasch, David Molyneux
BACKGROUND: Loiasis is a filarial disease caused Loa loa. The main vectors are Chrysops silacea and C. dimidiata which are confined to the tropical rainforests of Central and West Africa. Loiasis is a mild disease, but individuals with high microfilaria loads may suffer from severe adverse events if treated with ivermectin during mass drug administration campaigns for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis. This poses significant challenges for elimination programmes and alternative interventions are required in L...
April 5, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370901/temporal-changes-in-liver-tissue-metabolome-of-lambs-fed-low-quality-roughage
#15
Wenbin Xu, Naoto Okayama, Atsushi Iwasawa, Masato Yayota
Early experience with low-quality roughage may induce adaptations in ruminants' metabolism. This study was conducted to explore the variation in the hepatic metabolomes of lambs fed low-quality roughage beginning early in life. Five lambs were fed Sudan grass hay (crude protein (CP): 4.6% of the dry matter (DM), neutral detergent fiber, 68.5% of DM) for 6 months during time periods P1, P2 and P3, which consisted of 2 months each. The metabolizable energy (ME) and CP intake satisfied lambs' maintenance requirements in P1 and P2, but the ME intake was 78...
April 2, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370072/expression-profiling-of-sudanese-visceral-leishmaniasis-patients-pre-and-post-treatment-with-sodium-stibogluconate
#16
Mohamed A M Salih, Michaela Fakiola, Paul A Lyons, Brima M Younis, Ahmed M Musa, Ahmed M Elhassan, Denise Anderson, Genevieve Syn, Muntaser E Ibrahim, Jenefer M Blackwell, Hiba S Mohamed
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Sudan caused by Leishmania donovani is fatal in susceptible individuals if untreated. Treatment with Sodium Stibogluconate (SSG) leads to post kala azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) in 58% of patients. Here Affymetrix microarrays were used to identify genes differentially expressed in lymph nodes (N=9 paired samples) pre- and post-treatment with SSG. Using the Bioconductor package limma, 438 genes from 28,869 post quality-control probe-sets were differentially expressed (Pnominal ≤0...
March 31, 2017: Parasite Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367352/statistical-methods-for-predicting-malaria-incidences-using-data-from-sudan
#17
Hamid H Hussien, Fathy H Eissa, Khidir E Awadalla
Malaria is the leading cause of illness and death in Sudan. The entire population is at risk of malaria epidemics with a very high burden on government and population. The usefulness of forecasting methods in predicting the number of future incidences is needed to motivate the development of a system that can predict future incidences. The objective of this paper is to develop applicable and understood time series models and to find out what method can provide better performance to predict future incidences level...
2017: Malaria Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362472/nutritional-value-and-chemical-composition-of-sudanese-millet-based-fermented-foods-as-affected-by-fermentation-and-method-of-preparation
#18
Abdalbasit A Mariod, Yousif M A Idris, Nuha M Osman, Maha A Mohamed, Awad M A Sukrab, Bertrand Matthaus
BACKGROUND: Although kissra and hulu-mur are well known millet-based foods in Sudan, the effect of fer- mentation and methods of preparation on their chemical compositions has not been thoroughly investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the method of preparation and the composition of kisra, and hulu-mur. METHODS: The effect of fermentation and method of preparation on the composition, and mi- crobiological load were examined in millet flour during the preparation of Sudanese fermented foods (kisra & hulu-mur)...
January 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359856/evaluation-of-short-chain-length-polyhydroxyalkanoate-accumulation-in-bacillus-aryabhattai
#19
Aneesh Balakrishna Pillai, Arjun Jaya Kumar, Kavitha Thulasi, Harikrishnan Kumarapillai
This study was focused on the polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) accumulation property of Bacillus aryabhattai isolated from environment. Twenty-four polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) producers were screened out from sixty-two environmental bacterial isolates based on Sudan Black B colony staining. Based on their PHA accumulation property, six promising isolates were further screened out. The most productive isolate PHB10 was identified as B. aryabhattai PHB10. The polymer production maxima were 3.264g/L, 2.181g/L, 1.47g/L, 1...
March 11, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357614/a-mathematical-study-to-control-visceral-leishmaniasis-an-application-to-south-sudan
#20
Indrajit Ghosh, Tridip Sardar, Joydev Chattopadhyay
In this manuscript, we propose and analyze a compartmental model of visceral leishmaniasis (VL). We model the human population with six compartments including asymptomatic, symptomatic and PKDL-infected, animal population as second host and sandfly population as the vector. Furthermore, the non-adult stage of the sandfly population is introduced in the system, which was not considered before in the literature. We show that the increase in the number of host of sandfly population generates a backward bifurcation...
March 29, 2017: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
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