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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917208/histologic-response-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-in-locally-advanced-rectal-adenocarcinoma-experience-from-sudan
#1
Ahmed Abd Elrahman Abdalla, Awad Ali M Alawad, Hussein Abdalla M Ali
BACKGROUND: Locally advanced rectal cancer can be down staged by neoadjuvant therapy and the resultant tumor response can be quantified histologically. This study aimed to assess pathological response of neoadjuvant chemoradiation in patients with locally advanced rectal cancers treated in Wad Medani Teaching Hospital (WMTH) and National Cancer Institute (NCI), Wad Medani, Sudan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 36 consecutive patients with locally advanced rectal cancer that were managed in WMTH and NCI during the period from 2006-2011 were reviewed...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911936/serum-calcium-magnesium-zinc-and-copper-levels-in-sudanese-women-with-preeclampsia
#2
Abdelmageed Elmugabil, Hamdan Z Hamdan, Anas E Elsheikh, Duria A Rayis, Ishag Adam, Gasim I Gasim
BACKGROUND: Although the exact pathophysiology of preeclampsia is not fully understood, several elemental micronutrient abnormalities have been suggested to play a contributory role in preeclampsia. AIMS: To investigate the levels of calcium, magnesium, zinc and copper in women with preeclampsia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in Omdurman Maternity Hospital, Sudan, during the period of September through December 2014...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906146/peanut-skin-extract-mediated-synthesis-of-gold-nanoparticles-silver-nanoparticles-and-gold-silver-bionanocomposites-for-electrochemical-sudan-iv-sensing
#3
Alok Pani, Tran Duy Thanh, Nam Hoon Kim, Joong Hee Lee, Soon-Il Yun
Sustainable methods are needed for rapid and efficient detection of environmental and food pollutants. The Sudan group of dyes has been used extensively as adulterants in food and also are found to be polluting the soil and water bodies. There have been several methods for detection of Sudan dyes, but most of them are not practical enough for common use. In this study, the electrochemical detection efficiency and stability of gold nanoparticle (AuNPs), silver NPs and Au-Ag bionanocomposites, synthesised by peanut skin extract, modified glassy carbon electrode has been investigated...
December 2016: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905982/the-use-of-a-lot-quality-assurance-sampling-methodology-to-assess-and-manage-primary-health-interventions-in-conflict-affected-west-darfur-sudan
#4
Kiemanh Pham, Emily Chambers Sharpe, William M Weiss, Alexander Vu
BACKGROUND: Organizations working in conflict-affected areas have a need to monitor and evaluate their programs, however this is often difficult due to the logistical challenges of conflict areas. Lot quality assurance sampling may be a suitable method of assessing programs in these situations. METHODS: We conducted a secondary data analysis of information collected during Medair's routine program management functions. Medair's service area in West Darfur, Sudan was divided into seven supervisory areas...
October 6, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904841/the-rebirth-of-cardiac-surgery-in-sudan
#5
Ahmed ElSayed, Elamin Elawad Elnur
BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery is nowadays an integral part of a complete national health service. METHODS: In this paper the rebirth of cardiac surgery in Sudan from 1998 till 2007 is given by means of a literature search, personal interviews and searching hospital records. RESULTS: A summary of the initial birth of these services in 1959 till its demise in 1993 is first mentioned to set the stage for the subsequent period of sustainable growth...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902321/the-serology-of-ebolavirus-a-wider-geographical-range-a-wider-genus-of-viruses-or-a-wider-range-of-virulence
#6
Magdalena Formella, Derek Gatherer
Viruses of the genus Ebolavirus are the causative agents of Ebola virus disease (EVD), of which there have been only 25 recorded outbreaks since the discovery of Zaire and Sudan ebolaviruses in the late 1970s. Until the west African outbreak commencing in late 2013, EVD was confined to an area of central Africa stretching from the coast of Gabon through the Congo river basin and eastward to the Great Lakes. Nevertheless, population serological studies since 1976, most of which were carried out in the first two decades after that date, have suggested a wider distribution and more frequent occurrence across tropical Africa...
October 21, 2016: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900934/gender-relations-and-women-s-reproductive-health-in-south-sudan
#7
Sumit Kane, Matilda Rial, Anthony Matere, Marjolein Dieleman, Jacqueline E W Broerse, Maryse Kok
BACKGROUND: In South Sudan, women disproportionately bear the burden of morbidity and mortality related to sexual and reproductive health, with a maternal mortality ratio of 789 deaths per 100,000 live births. DESIGN: A qualitative study was conducted to analyze how gendered social relations among the Fertit people affect women's ability to exercise control over their reproductive lives and thereby their sexual and reproductive health. Transcripts of 5 focus group discussions and 44 semi-structured interviews conducted with purposefully selected community members and health personnel were analyzed using Connell's relational theory of gender...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896894/perspectives-of-resettled-african-refugees-on-accessing-medicines-and-pharmacy-services-in-queensland-australia
#8
Kim Bellamy, Remo Ostini, Nataly Martini, Therese Kairuz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the barriers to accessing medicines and pharmacy services among refugees in Queensland, Australia, from the perspectives of resettled African refugees. METHODS: A generic qualitative approach was used in this study. Resettled African refugees were recruited via a purposive snowball sampling method. The researcher collected data from different African refugee communities, specifically those from Sudanese, Congolese and Somalian communities...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891462/evaluation-of-efficacy-of-three-different-materials-used-in-cheiloscopy-a-comparative-study
#9
Anjaly Dolly, Charlotte Rodrigues, Rashmi Bankur, Pillai Arun Gopinathan, Rakhee Sharma, Annapurna Doddamani
INTRODUCTION: The imprint produced by the lip is termed as 'lip print' and the name given to the examination of lip print is referred to as cheiloscopy. AIM: The present study was done to compare the efficacy of three different materials used in cheiloscopy - Sudan III, Indigo and Aluminium powder. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 60 individuals belonging to the age group of 18-25 years were included in this study. Visible and latent lip prints were reproduced on white cotton fabric, white satin fabric and white clay cup...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889259/episiotomy-and-severe-perineal-trauma-among-eastern-african-immigrant-women-giving-birth-in-public-maternity-care-a-population-based-study-in-victoria-australia
#10
Fetene B Belihu, Rhonda Small, Mary-Ann Davey
BACKGROUND: Eastern African immigrants from countries affected by female genital mutilation have resettled in many developed countries, including Australia. Although possibly at risk of perineal trauma and episiotomy, research investigating their perineal status post-migration is sparse. AIM: To investigate variations in episiotomy use and incidence of severe perineal tear for women born in Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan compared with Australian-born women...
November 23, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882821/a-description-of-assistive-technology-sources-services-and-outcomes-of-use-in-a-number-of-african-settings
#11
Surona Visagie, Arne H Eide, Hasheem Mannan, Marguerite Schneider, Leslie Swartz, Gubela Mji, Alister Munthali, Mustafa Khogali, Gert van Rooy, Karl-Gerhard Hem, Malcolm MacLachlan
: Purpose statement: The article explores assistive technology sources, services and outcomes in South Africa, Namibia, Malawi and Sudan. METHODS: A survey was done in purposively selected sites of the study countries. Cluster sampling followed by random sampling served to identify 400-500 households (HHs) with members with disabilities per country. A HH questionnaire and individual questionnaire was completed. Country level analysis was limited to descriptive statistics...
November 24, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881182/research-prevalence-of-neural-tube-defects-khartoum-sudan-august-2014-july-2015
#12
Ilham M Omer, Osman M Abdullah, Inaam N Mohammed, Lina A Abbasher
BACKGROUND: Neural tube defects (NTDs) are birth defects that results from failure of the neural tube to develop properly during early pregnancy. METHODS: We studied the prevalence of neural tube defects in newborns admitted to the NICU in Soba University and Omdurman Maternity hospitals, during the period 1st August 2014 to 31st July 2015. A cross-sectional hospital based study, involved all newborns with any type of neural tube defect admitted to the NICU in the study area during the study period...
November 24, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879190/transplantation-in-africa-an-overview
#13
Elmi Muller
Africa is underdeveloped in terms of treatment options for patients with end-stage renal failure. Economic growth and corresponding increases in health expenditures in the African region mean that we can confidently anticipate increased demand for organ transplantation within the region over the next few years. Renal failure in Africa occurs mainly due to glomerular nephropathies, hypertension, diabetes, and HIV. For the subset of the population that might be considered medically suitable for transplantation, demand for transplantation is tightly constrained by the availability of specialist physicians and surgeons, pathology facilities, capacity to achieve acceptable graft outcomes, cultural and religious attitudes towards organ donation, trust in the health system, and the extent to which patients are able to meet the costs of surgery and ongoing immunosuppression...
2016: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876976/variation-in-clinical-markers-in-cattle-naturally-infected-with-bovine-tropical-theileriosis
#14
Rahul Parashar, Vikrant Sudan, Amit Kumar Jaiswal, Daya Shanker
124 cattle naturally infected with Theileria annulata were inspected for clinical markers. Clinical manifestations of general weakness, reduced appetite, pyrexia reaching 40-42 °C and lachrymal discharge were seen in more than 75 % of the infected animals. Presence of ticks on body, general dullness and depression, recumbency/prostration, oedema of dependent body parts, diarrhea, hypersalivation, pale mucous membranes and yellow colored urine were revealed by more than 50 % of the infected animals. Clinical manifestations of dehydration, abdominal distension/ascites, jaundice and haemoglobinuria were revealed by more than 25 % of the infected animals less than 25 % of the infected animals showed clinical manifestations of exophthalmia, constipation, melena, buccal cavity erosions, congested mucous membranes, nasal discharge and tachypnoea...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876946/evaluation-of-clinical-biochemical-and-haematological-markers-in-natural-infection-of-canine-monocytic-ehrlichiosis
#15
Rahul Parashar, Vikrant Sudan, Amit Kumar Jaiswal, Ashish Srivastava, Daya Shanker
Caanine monocytic ehrlichiosis caused by Ehrlichia canis has gained wider significance owing to its potential to inflict significant deleterious effect on the health of companion animals. In the present study, 46 confirmed ehrlichiosis positive dogs were evaluated for the alterations in clinical, haematological and biochemical attributes. Depression, anorexia, pyrexia, anaemia, weakness, jaundice, melana, vomition and diarrhoea were the main clinical symptoms onserved. Haematological alterations included pancytopenia especially thrombocytopenia...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876018/social-norms-and-family-planning-decisions-in-south-sudan
#16
Sumit Kane, Maryse Kok, Matilda Rial, Anthony Matere, Marjolein Dieleman, Jacqueline Ew Broerse
BACKGROUND: With a maternal mortality ratio of 789 per 100,000 live births, and a contraceptive prevalence rate of 4.7%, South Sudan has one of the worst reproductive health situations in the world. Understanding the social norms around sexuality and reproduction, across different ethnic groups, is key to developing and implementing locally appropriate public health responses. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in the state of Western Bahr el Ghazal (WBeG) in South Sudan to explore the social norms shaping decisions about family planning among the Fertit community...
November 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875740/conditional-knockout-of-tfpi-1-in-vsmcs-of-mice-accelerates-atherosclerosis-by-enhancing-amot-yap-pathway
#17
Jiajun Xiao, Kaiyue Jin, Jiping Wang, Jing Ma, Jin Zhang, Nan Jiang, Huijun Wang, Xinping Luo, Jian Fei, Zhugang Wang, Xiao Yang, Duan Ma
BACKGROUND: Tissue factor pathway inhibitor-1 (TFPI-1) has multiple functions and its precise role and molecular mechanism during the development of atherosclerosis are not clear. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect and molecular mechanism of TFPI-1 deficiency in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) in atherosclerosis in the apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE(-/-)) mouse. METHODS AND RESULTS: A mouse model with a conditional knockout of TFPI-1 in VSMCs in an atherosclerosis-prone background (ApoE(-/-)) was generated...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870874/associations-between-season-and-gametocyte-dynamics-in-chronic-plasmodium-falciparum-infections
#18
Amal A H Gadalla, Petra Schneider, Thomas S Churcher, Elkhansaa Nassir, Abdel-Muhsin A Abdel-Muhsin, Lisa C Ranford-Cartwright, Sarah E Reece, Hamza A Babiker
INTRODUCTION: In a markedly seasonal malaria setting, the transition from the transmission-free dry season to the transmission season depends on the resurgence of the mosquito population following the start of annual rains. The sudden onset of malaria outbreaks at the start of the transmission season suggests that parasites persist during the dry season and respond to either the reappearance of vectors, or correlated events, by increasing the production of transmission stages. Here, we investigate whether Plasmodium falciparum gametocyte density and the correlation between gametocyte density and parasite density show seasonal variation in chronic (largely asymptomatic) carriers in eastern Sudan...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860004/hot-spots-of-wheat-yield-decline-with-rising-temperatures
#19
Senthold Asseng, Davide Cammarano, Bruno Basso, Uran Chung, Phillip D Alderman, Kai Sonder, Matthew Reynolds, David B Lobell
Many of the irrigated spring wheat regions in the world are also regions with high poverty. The impacts of temperature increase on wheat yield in regions of high poverty are uncertain. A grain yield-temperature response function combined with a quantification of model uncertainty was constructed using a multimodel ensemble from two key irrigated spring wheat areas (India and Sudan) and applied to all irrigated spring wheat regions in the world. Southern Indian and southern Pakistani wheat-growing regions with large yield reductions from increasing temperatures coincided with high poverty headcounts, indicating these areas as future food security 'hot spots'...
November 10, 2016: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843964/exploring-clinical-pharmacists-perception-of-their-impact-on-healthcare-in-khartoum-state-sudan
#20
Anas Mustafa Ahmed Salim, Arwa Hassan Ahmed Elhada, Bashir Elgizoli
OBJECTIVE: The principal aim of this study was to explore the self-perception of clinical pharmacists of their impact on healthcare in Khartoum State, Sudan, how they think doctors perceive their impact, exploring the obstacles that clinical pharmacists are facing, and identifying what clinical pharmacists recommend for a better clinical pharmacy practice in Sudan. METHODS: This was an exploratory cross-sectional study that employed a qualitative method. Individual, in-depth interviews were conducted with a convenient sample of 26 clinical pharmacists working in 14 governmental hospitals in Khartoum State, Sudan, in March 2016...
October 2016: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
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