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thymoquinone cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075062/antiproliferative-and-apoptosis-inducing-activities-of-thymoquinone-in-lymphoblastic-leukemia-cell-line
#1
Amin Soltani, Batoul Pourgheysari, Hedayatollah Shirzad, Zahra Sourani
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is one of the malignant proliferations of lymphoid cells in the early stages of differentiation and accounts for about 80% of all cases of childhood leukemia. Side effects of available treatment are still main concern. Thymoquinone (TQ), a natural compound isolated from Nigella sativa, induces growth inhibition and apoptosis in several cancer cell lines. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of TQ alone and in combination with doxorubicine on the proliferation inhibition and apoptosis induction of TQ in a lymphoblastic leukemia cell line...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039572/thymoquinone-inhibits-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-prostate-cancer-cells-by-negatively-regulating-the-tgf-%C3%AE-smad2-3-signaling-pathway
#2
Bo Kou, Wei Liu, Wei Zhao, Peng Duan, Yang Yang, Qiuyue Yi, Fengwei Guo, Jianpeng Li, Jinsong Zhou, Qingshan Kou
Thymoquinone, a major ingredient of black seed oil (Nigella sativa), has been shown to exhibit anticancer capacity in various types of cancers. However, there are few studies concerning the correlation between thymoquinone and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in prostate cancer. In the present study, we firstly found that thymoquinone showed antimetastatic capacity in prostate cancer DU145 and PC3 cells. Additionally, thymoquinone reversed EMT by increasing E-cadherin expression and decreasing vimentin and Slug expression in a concentration-dependent manner...
October 2, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983249/therapeutic-potential-and-pharmaceutical-development-of-thymoquinone-a-multitargeted-molecule-of-natural-origin
#3
REVIEW
Sameer N Goyal, Chaitali P Prajapati, Prashant R Gore, Chandragouda R Patil, Umesh B Mahajan, Charu Sharma, Sandhya P Talla, Shreesh K Ojha
Thymoquinone, a monoterpene molecule is chemically known as 2-methyl-5-isopropyl-1, 4-benzoquinone. It is abundantly present in seeds of Nigella sativa L. that is popularly known as black cumin or black seed and belongs to the family Ranunculaceae. A large number of studies have revealed that thymoquinone is the major active constituent in N. sativa oil this constituent is responsible for the majority of the pharmacological properties. The beneficial organoprotective activities of thymoquinone in experimental animal models of different human diseases are attributed to the potent anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890201/enhanced-anticancer-effect-and-reduced-toxicity-of-doxorubicin-in-combination-with-thymoquinone-released-from-poly-n-acetyl-glucosamine-nanomatrix-in-mice-bearing-solid-ehrlish-carcinoma
#4
Nahla E El-Ashmawy, Eman G Khedr, El-Zeiny M Ebeid, Mohamed L Salem, Abdel-Aziz A Zidan, Esraa M Mosalam
The incidence of breast cancer remarkably increases all over the world. Therefore, there is a great demand to introduce new approaches into cancer treatment field. The current study was designated to evaluate the role of doxorubicin (DOX) and/or thymoquinone (TQ) nanomatrix in potentiating the cytotoxicity of either drug, and to investigate the ability of TQ to reduce cardiotoxicity of DOX in solid Ehrlich carcinoma (SEC)-bearing mice. DOX and TQ were loaded into F2 gel, which is a fully-acetylated poly-N-acetyl glucosamine nanofiber...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881699/thymoquinone-as-an-anticancer-molecule-from-basic-research-to-clinical-investigation
#5
REVIEW
Md Asaduzzaman Khan, Mousumi Tania, Shangyi Fu, Junjiang Fu
Thymoquinone is an anticancer phytochemical commonly found in black cumin. In this review, we discuss the potential of thymoquinone as anticancer molecule, its mechanism of action and future usage in clinical applications. Thymoquinone exhibits anticancer activity via numerous mechanisms of action, specifically by showing selective antioxidant and oxidant activity, interfering with DNA structure, affecting carcinogenic signaling molecules/pathways and immunomodulation. In vitro activity of thymoquinone has been further implicated in animal models of cancer; however, no clinical application has been proven yet...
August 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707601/potential-role-of-natural-compounds-as-anti-angiogenic-agents-in-cancer
#6
Muthu K Shanmugam, Sudha Warrier, Alan Prem Kumar, Gautam Sethi, Frank Arfuso
BACKGROUND: Neovascularization, also known as angiogenesis, is the process of capillary sprouting from pre-existing blood vessels. This physiological process is a hallmark event in normal embryonic development as blood vessels generally supply both oxygen and nutrients to the cells of the body. Any disruption in this process can lead to the development of various chronic diseases, including cancer. In cancer, aberrant angiogenesis plays a prominent role in maintaining sustained tumor growth to malignant phenotypes and promoting metastasis...
July 12, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693287/effect-of-thymoquinone-on-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cells-in-vitro-synergism-with-radiation
#7
Ulana Kotowski, Gregor Heiduschka, Lorenz Kadletz, Tammer Fahim, Rudolf Seemann, Rainer Schmid, Sven Schneider, Andreas Mitterbauer, Dietmar Thurnher
Thymoquinone (TQ) is the main bioactive constituent present in black seed oil (Nigella sativa); it has shown anti-inflammatory and anti-neoplastic effects in various cancer cell types. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of TQ on head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines, on its own and in combination with radiation and cisplatin, respectively. The SCC25 and CAL27 HNSCC cell lines were treated with TQ alone and in combination with cisplatin or radiation, respectively. Proliferation assays and clonogenic assays were performed...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692636/the-effect-of-thymoquinone-on-apoptosis-of-sk-ov-3-ovarian-cancer-cell-by-regulation-of-bcl-2-and-bax
#8
Xiaoli Liu, Jinhu Dong, Wangyu Cai, Ying Pan, Ruili Li, Bing Li
OBJECTIVE: We aim to determine how cisplatin, thymoquinone (TQ), and combination regimen can affect apoptosis of cultured SK-OV-3 cells. We also want to explore the mechanism of these influences on the cells' apoptosis by Bcl-2 and Bax gene. METHOD/MATERIALS: Cell Counting Kit-8 assay was used to measure the viability of cultured ovarian cancer cells. Propidium iodide with flow cytometry was used in cell cycle analysis. Thereafter, we used fluorescein isothiocyanate-stained annexin V and propidium iodide to detect the effect of cisplatin, TQ, and combination regimen on apoptosis...
July 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671634/regressions-of-breast-carcinoma-syngraft-following-treatment-with-piperine-in-combination-with-thymoquinone
#9
Wamidh H Talib
Thymoquinone (TQ) and piperine, the active ingredients in cumin (Nigella sativa) and black pepper (Piper longum), respectively, exhibit various bioactivities including anticancer effects. The aim of the present study is to investigate the antineoplastic activity of a combination of TQ and piperine against breast cancer implanted in mice. The antiproliferative effects of TQ, piperine, and a combination of both agents were tested against mouse epithelial breast cancer cell line (EMT6/P) using MTT assay. The isobolographic method was used to calculate the combination index (CI)...
July 3, 2017: Scientia Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661475/protein-kinase-a-activation-by-the-anti-cancer-drugs-abt-737-and-thymoquinone-is-caspase-3-dependent-and-correlates-with-platelet-inhibition-and-apoptosis
#10
Natalia Rukoyatkina, Elke Butt, Hariharan Subramanian, Viacheslav O Nikolaev, Igor Mindukshev, Ulrich Walter, Stepan Gambaryan, Peter M Benz
Chemotherapy-induced thrombocytopenia is a common bleeding risk in cancer patients and limits chemotherapy dose and frequency. Recent data from mouse and human platelets revealed that activation of protein kinase A/G (PKA/PKG) not only inhibited thrombin/convulxin-induced platelet activation but also prevented the platelet pro-coagulant state. Here we investigated whether or not PKA/PKG activation could attenuate caspase-dependent apoptosis induced by the anti-cancer drugs ABT-737 (the precursor of navitoclax) and thymoquinone (TQ), thereby potentially limiting chemotherapy-induced thrombocytopenia...
June 29, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659794/thymoquinone-as-a-potential-adjuvant-therapy-for-cancer-treatment-evidence-from-preclinical-studies
#11
REVIEW
A G M Mostofa, Md Kamal Hossain, Debasish Basak, Muhammad Shahdaat Bin Sayeed
Thymoquinone (TQ), the main bioactive component of Nigella sativa, has been found to exhibit anticancer effects in numerous preclinical studies. Due to its multitargeting nature, TQ interferes in a wide range of tumorigenic processes and counteracts carcinogenesis, malignant growth, invasion, migration, and angiogenesis. Moreover, TQ can specifically sensitize tumor cells toward conventional cancer treatments (e.g., radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy) and simultaneously minimize therapy-associated toxic effects in normal cells...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606050/insights-into-the-targeting-potential-of-thymoquinone-for-therapeutic-intervention-against-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#12
Md Abul Barkat, Harshita Abul, Javed Ahmad, Mohammad Ahmed Khan, Sarwar Beg, Farhan Jalees Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Thymoquinone (TQ) is a bioactive phytoconstituent obtained from Nigella sativa (black seeds). It has promising potential in cancer prevention. OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown that TQ can modulate signaling pathways responsible for cancer progression, thus enhances the efficacy and improve safety profile of clinically used anticancer drugs. METHOD: TQ acts on cell cycle and inhibits progression from G1 to S phase by targeting various proteins (cyclin D1, cyclin E, and p27)...
June 11, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552110/antitumor-effect-of-thymoquinone-combined-with-resveratrol-on-mice-transplanted-with-breast-cancer
#13
Omar H Alobaedi, Wamidh H Talib, Iman A Basheti
OBJECTIVE: To test the anticancer potential activity of the combination of thymoquinone (TQ) and resveratrol (RES) against breast cancer in mice. METHODS: The antiproliferative activity of TQ, RES and their combination was assessed against three breast cancer cell lines and one normal cells using MTT assay. The combination index was calculated using isobolographic method. Balb/C mice were inoculated with EMT6/P cells and in vivo antitumor activity was evaluated...
April 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521657/several-inhibitors-of-the-plk1-polo-box-domain-turn-out-to-be-non-specific-protein-alkylators
#14
Vincent Archambault, Karine Normandin
For almost a decade, there has been much interest in the development of chemical inhibitors of Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) protein interactions. Plk1 is a master regulator of the cell division cycle that controls numerous substrates. It is a promising target for cancer drug development. Inhibitors of the kinase domain of Plk1 had some success in clinical trials. However, they are not perfectly selective. In principle, Plk1 can also be inhibited by interfering with its protein interaction domain, the Polo-Box Domain (PBD)...
June 18, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503089/anticancer-chemodiversity-of-ranunculaceae-medicinal-plants-molecular-mechanisms-and-functions
#15
REVIEW
Da-Cheng Hao, Chun-Nian He, Jie Shen, Pei-Gen Xiao
The buttercup family, Ranunculaceae, comprising more than 2,200 species in at least 62 genera, mostly herbs, has long been used in folk medicine and worldwide ethnomedicine since the beginning of human civilization. Various medicinal phytometabolites have been found in Ranunculaceae plants, many of which, such as alkaloids, terpenoids, saponins, and polysaccharides, have shown anti-cancer activities in vitro and in vivo. Most concerns have been raised for two epiphany molecules, the monoterpene thymoquinone and the isoquinoline alkaloid berberine...
February 2017: Current Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489566/thymoquinone-as-an-anticancer-molecule-from-basic-research-to-clinical-investigation
#16
REVIEW
Md Asaduzzaman Khan, Mousumi Tania, Shangyi Fu, Junjiang Fu
Thymoquinone is an anticancer phytochemical commonly found in black cumin. In this review, we discuss the potential of thymoquinone as anticancer molecule, its mechanism of action and future usage in clinical applications. Thymoquinone exhibits anticancer activity via numerous mechanisms of action, specifically by showing selective antioxidant and oxidant activity, interfering with DNA structure, affecting carcinogenic signaling molecules/pathways and immunomodulation. In vitro activity of thymoquinone has been further implicated in animal models of cancer; however, no clinical application has been proven yet...
April 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476718/review-therapeutic-implications-of-nigella-sativa-against-cancer-metastasis
#17
REVIEW
Muhammad Sheraz Arshad Malik, Soad K Al Jaouni, Steve M Harakeh, Muhammad Faraz Arshad Malik
Nigella sativa (N. sativa), remedial usage against different diseases associated with skeleton, cardiovascular, digestive and urinary systems has a long-standing history. At present, efforts are underway to study its effects against various cancers at both the cellular and molecular levels. In this review, the role of active constituents like thymoquinone (TQ) on different types of cancer has been explored. TQ putative involvement in metastasis has been assessed by elucidating its effects on cell proliferation, adhesion, invasion and angiogenesis...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472683/thymoquinone-binds-and-activates-human-salivary-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-potential-therapy-for-the-mitigation-of-aldehyde-toxicity-and-maintenance-of-oral-health
#18
Amaj Ahmed Laskar, Masood Alam Khan, Fizza Askari, Hina Younus
Human salivary aldehyde dehydrogenase (hsALDH) is a very important anti-oxidant enzyme present in the saliva. It is involved in the detoxification of toxic aldehydes and maintenance of oral health. Reduced level of hsALDH activity is a risk factor for oral cancer development. Thymoquinone (TQ) has many pharmacological activities and health benefits. This study aimed to examine the activation of hsALDH by TQ. The effect of TQ on the activity and kinetics of hsALDH was studied. The binding of TQ with the enzyme was examined by different biophysical methods and molecular docking analysis...
October 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423483/microrna-34a-targets-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-inducing-transcription-factors-emt-tfs-and-inhibits-breast-cancer-cell-migration-and-invasion
#19
Saber Imani, Chunli Wei, Jingliang Cheng, Md Asaduzzaman Khan, Shangyi Fu, Luquan Yang, Mousumi Tania, Xianqin Zhang, Xiuli Xiao, Xianning Zhang, Junjiang Fu
MicroRNA-34a (miR-34a) plays an essential role against tumorigenesis and progression of cancer metastasis. Here, we analyzed the expression, targets and functional effects of miR-34a on epithelial to mesenchymal transition-inducing transcription factors (EMT-TFs), such as TWIST1, SLUG and ZEB1/2, and an EMT-inducing protein NOTCH1 in breast cancer (BC) cell migration and invasion and its correlation with tumorigenesis and clinical outcomes. Expression of miR-34a is downregulated in human metastatic breast cancers (MBC) compared to normal breast tissues and is negatively correlated with clinicopathological features of MBC patients...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415607/thymoquinone-exerts-potent-growth-suppressive-activity-on-leukemia-through-dna-hypermethylation-reversal-in-leukemia-cells
#20
Jiuxia Pang, Na Shen, Fei Yan, Na Zhao, Liping Dou, Lai-Chu Wu, Christopher L Seiler, Li Yu, Ke Yang, Veronika Bachanova, Eric Weaver, Natalia Y Tretyakova, Shujun Liu
Thymoquinone (TQ), a bioactive constituent of the volatile oil of Monarda fistulosa and Nigella sativa, possesses cancer-specific growth inhibitory effects, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely elusive. We propose that TQ curbs cancer cell growth through dysfunction of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1). Molecular docking analysis revealed that TQ might interact with the catalytic pocket of DNMT1 and compete with co-factor SAM/SAH for DNMT1 inhibition. In vitro inhibitory assays showed that TQ decreases DNMT1 methylation activity in a dose-dependent manner with an apparent IC50 of 30 nM...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
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