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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719921/-patient-s-autonomy-and-information-in-psycho-oncology-computer-based-distress-screening-for-an-interactive-treatment-planning-epos-react
#1
Norbert Schäffeler, Jana Sedelmaier, Hannah Möhrer, Katrin Ziser, Johanna Ringwald, Martin Wickert, Sara Brucker, Florian Junne, Stephan Zipfel, Martin Teufel
To identify distressed patients in oncology using screening questionnaires is quite challenging in clinical routine. Up to now there is no evidence based recommendation which instrument is most suitable and how to put a screening to practice. Using computer based screening tools offers the possibility to automatically analyse patient's data, inform psycho-oncological and medical staff about the results, and use reactive questionnaires. Studies on how to empower patients in decision making in psycho-oncology are rare...
July 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719905/childhood-onset-adult-growth-hormone-deficiency-clinical-hormonal-and-radiological-assessment-in-a-single-center-in-china
#2
Hongbo Yang, Huijuan Zhu, Xuemin Yan, Hui Pan
BACKGROUND: Although growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is an important issue in pediatric patients, adult GHD (AGHD) is a neglected field of endocrinology in China. The aim of this study is to characterize the clinical, hormonal, and radiological features in childhood-onset AGHD (CO AGHD) in a single center in China and to compare them with counterparts from Japan. METHODS: The medical records of 78 Chinese patients with CO AGHD were reviewed and compared with data from the HypoCCS database study from Japan (N = 69)...
July 18, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719901/patient-related-benefits-for-adults-with-cochlear-implantation-a-multicultural-longitudinal-observational-study
#3
Thomas Lenarz, Lida Muller, Hanna Czerniejewska-Wolska, Hector Vallés Varela, César Orús Dotú, Marcin Durko, Alicia Huarte Irujo, Bartosz Piszczatowski, Marek Zadrożniak, Colin Irwin, Petra L Graham, Josie Wyss
OBJECTIVES: To assess subjectively perceived, real-world benefits longitudinally for unilateral cochlear implant (CI) recipients in a multinational population treated routinely. To identify possible predictors of self-reported benefits. DESIGN: This was a prospective, multicenter, repeated-measures study. Self-assessment of performance at preimplantation and postimplantation at 1, 2, and 3 years using standardized, validated, local language versions of the Speech, Spatial, and Qualities of Hearing Scale (SSQ), and the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3) was performed...
July 19, 2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719897/clinical-manifestations-and-prognostic-factors-of-pneumocystis-jirovecii-pneumonia-without-hiv
#4
Nobuhiro Asai, Shinji Motojima, Yoshihiro Ohkuni, Ryo Matsunuma, Takuya Iwasaki, Kei Nakashima, Keiji Sogawa, Tamao Nakashita, Norihiro Kaneko
INTRODUCTION: Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) can occur in HIV patients but also in those without HIV (non-HIV PCP) but with other causes of immunodeficiency including malignancy or rheumatic diseases. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: To evaluate the clinical presentation and prognostic factors of non-HIV PCP, we retrospectively reviewed all patients diagnosed as having PCP without HIV at Kameda Medical Center, Chiba, Japan, from January 2005 until June 2012. For the purpose of examining a prognostic factor for non-HIV PCP with 30-day mortality, we compared the characteristics of patients, clinical symptoms, radiological images, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (PS), and the time from the onset of respiratory symptoms to the start of therapy, in both survival and fatality groups...
July 19, 2017: Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719892/cinnamaldehyde-ameliorates-diet-induced-obesity-in-mice-by-inducing-browning-of-white-adipose-tissue
#5
Jiacheng Zuo, Dandan Zhao, Na Yu, Xin Fang, Qianqian Mu, Yue Ma, Fangfang Mo, Rui Wu, Rufeng Ma, Lili Wang, Ruyuan Zhu, Haixia Liu, Dongwei Zhang, Sihua Gao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Obesity has become a major health concern with few effective medications. Cinnamaldehyde (CA) has been reported to exhibit anti-diabetic and anti-inflammatory properties. However, whether CA shows anti-obesity activity remains unknown. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the potential anti-obesity effects of CA on mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) and to explore the possible mechanisms involved. METHODS: Male C57BL/6J mice fed an HFD for 12 weeks were supplemented with CA (40 mg/kg/day) via gavage for an additional 8 weeks...
July 18, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719889/combined-23-g-pars-plana-vitrectomy-and-lensectomy-in-the-management-of-glaucoma-associated-with-nanophthalmos
#6
Zhaotian Zhang, Shaochong Zhang, Xintong Jiang, Yantao Wei
PURPOSE: To investigate the surgical results of 23-G pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) combined with lensectomy (PPL) in nanophthalmic patients with angle closure glaucoma. METHODS: This prospective nonrandomized study included consecutive patients with nanophthalmic glaucoma recruited for 23-G PPV combined with PPL. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), the number of antiglaucoma medications, and surgery-associated complications were recorded...
July 19, 2017: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719837/prescription-trends-and-the-selection-of-initial-oral-antidiabetic-agents-for-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-a-nationwide-study
#7
C-H Liu, S-T Chen, C-H Chang, L-M Chuang, M-S Lai
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of patients, physicians, and medical facilities, and their association with prescriptions that do not include metformin as the initial oral antidiabetic agent. STUDY DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study. METHODS: Patients with incident type 2 diabetes between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2010, were identified from the Taiwan National Insurance Research Database...
July 15, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719815/receptiveness-to-participation-in-genetic-research-a-pilot-study-comparing-views-of-people-with-depression-diabetes-or-no-illness
#8
Laura Weiss Roberts, Jane Paik Kim
BACKGROUND: Genetic research in human health relies on the participation of individuals with or at-risk for different types of diseases, including health conditions that may be stigmatized, such as mental illnesses. This preliminary study examines the differences in attitudes toward participation in genetic research among individuals with a psychiatric disorder, individuals with a physical disorder, and individuals with no known illness. METHODS: Seventy-nine individuals with a history of diabetes or depression, or no known illness, underwent a simulated consent process for a hypothetical genetic research study...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719795/estimating-the-direct-medical-economic-burden-of-health-care-associated-infections-in-public-tertiary-hospitals-in-hubei-province-china
#9
Hao Li, Xinliang Liu, Dan Cui, Quan Wang, Zongfu Mao, Liang Fang, Furong Zhang, Ping Yang, Huiling Wu, Nili Ren, Jianyun He, Jing Sun
This study estimated the attributable direct medical economic burden of health care-associated infections (HAIs) in China. Data were extracted from hospitals' information systems. Inpatient cases with HAIs and non-HAIs were grouped by the propensity score matching (PSM) method. Attributable hospitalization expenditures and length of hospital stay were measured to estimate the direct medical economic burden of HAIs. STATA 12.0 was used to conduct descriptive analysis, bivariate χ(2) test, paired Z test, PSM ( r = 0...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719788/asthma-control-and-care-among-malaysian-primary-school-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Azainorsuzila Ahad, Ee Ming Khoo
Children with uncontrolled asthma have high risk of poor health outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess asthma control and care in primary school children with reported asthma. A total of 6441 primary school children were first screened for parent-reported physician-diagnosed asthma and 448 (8.9%) children were reported to have asthma. Of these, 311 (69.4%) parents agreed to participate in assessment of asthma control study using Global Initiative for Asthma 2009 guidelines. Only 161 (51.8%) children were found to have good asthma control, 99 (31...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719754/influence-of-community-satisfaction-with-individual-happiness-comparative-study-in-semi-urban-and-rural-areas-of-tikapur-nepal
#11
Myung-Bae Park, Chun-Bae Kim, Chhabi Ranabhat, Chang-Soo Kim, Sei-Jin Chang, Dong-Won Ahn, Young-Kyoo Joo
Happiness is a subjective indicator of overall living conditions and quality of life. Recently, community- and national-level investigations connecting happiness and community satisfaction were conducted. This study investigated the effects of community satisfaction on happiness in Nepal. A factor analysis was employed to examine 24 items that are used to measure community satisfaction, and a multiple regression analysis was conducted to investigate the effects of these factors on happiness. In semi-urban areas, sanitation showed a positive relationship with happiness...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719739/graphene-electronic-tattoo-sensors
#12
Shideh Kabiri Ameri, Rebecca Ho, Hongwoo Jang, Li Tao, Youhua Wang, Liu Wang, David M Schnyer, Deji Akinwande, Nanshu Lu
Tattoo-like epidermal sensors are an emerging class of truly wearable electronics owing to their thinness and softness. While most of them are based on thin metal films, silicon membrane, or nanoparticle-based printable inks, we report a sub-micron thick, multimodal electronic tattoo sensors that are made of graphene. The graphene electronic tattoo (GET) is designed with filamentary serpentines and fabricated by a cost- and time-effective "wet transfer, dry patterning" method. It has a total thickness of 463 ± 30 nm, an optical transparency of ~85%, and a stretchability of more than 40%...
July 18, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719731/anatomical-vs-functional-motor-points-of-selected-upper-body-muscles
#13
Alexander Franz, Joschua Klaas, Moritz Schumann, Thomas Frankewitsch, Timm J Filler, Michael Behringer
Introduction We aimed to identify nerve entry points (NEP) of superficial skeletal muscles obtained by dissection of 20 human cadavers and to compare those to motor points (MP) previously obtained by electrical stimulation. Methods The biceps brachii- (BB), trapezius (TZ), latissimus dorsi (LD), pectoralis major (Pmaj) and pectoralis minor muscles (Pmin) were dissected from human cadavers. Mean values ±SD of the NEPs of each muscle were calculated. F-tests with Bonferroni corrections were used to compare NEPs and MPs...
July 18, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719722/learning-anatomy-through-thiel-vs-formalin-embalmed-cadavers-student-perceptions-of-embalming-methods-and-effect-on-functional-anatomy-knowledge
#14
Larissa Kennel, David M A Martin, Hannah Shaw, Tracey Wilkinson
Thiel-embalmed cadavers, which have been adopted for use in anatomy teaching in relatively few universities, show greater flexibility and color retention compared to formalin-embalmed cadavers, properties which might be considered advantageous for anatomy teaching. This study aimed to investigate student attitudes toward the dissection experience with Thiel- compared to formalin/ethanol-embalmed cadavers. It also aimed to determine if one embalming method is more advantageous in terms of learning functional anatomy through the comparison of student anterior forearm functional anatomy knowledge...
July 18, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719716/the-sophono-bone-conduction-system-surgical-audiologic-and-quality-of-life-outcomes
#15
Timothy Mclean, Irumee Pai, Andrew Philipatos, Michael Gordon
We prospectively evaluated the surgical, audiologic, and quality-of-life outcomes in 5 patients-2 men and 3 women, aged 22 to 64 years (mean: 41.8)-who were implanted with the Sophono Alpha 2 MPO Processor. The indications for implantation of this bone-conduction device included recurrent ear canal infections with hearing aids (n = 3), single-sided deafness (n = 1), and patient preference in view of difficulty using a conventional hearing aid (n = 1). In addition to the patient with single-sided deafness, 3 patients had a bilateral mixed hearing loss and 1 had a bilateral conductive hearing loss...
July 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719697/diagnosis-and-management-of-asthma-in-adults-a-review
#16
Jennifer L McCracken, Sreenivas P Veeranki, Bill T Ameredes, William J Calhoun
Importance: Asthma affects about 7.5% of the adult population. Evidence-based diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment can improve functioning and quality of life in adult patients with asthma. Observations: Asthma is a heterogeneous clinical syndrome primarily affecting the lower respiratory tract, characterized by episodic or persistent symptoms of wheezing, dyspnea, and cough. The diagnosis of asthma requires these symptoms and demonstration of reversible airway obstruction using spirometry...
July 18, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719691/associations-of-weight-gain-from-early-to-middle-adulthood-with-major-health-outcomes-later-in-life
#17
Yan Zheng, JoAnn E Manson, Changzheng Yuan, Matthew H Liang, Francine Grodstein, Meir J Stampfer, Walter C Willett, Frank B Hu
Importance: Data describing the effects of weight gain across adulthood on overall health are important for weight control. Objective: To examine the association of weight gain from early to middle adulthood with health outcomes later in life. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cohort analysis of US women from the Nurses' Health Study (1976-June 30, 2012) and US men from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (1986-January 31, 2012) who recalled weight during early adulthood (at age of 18 years in women; 21 years in men), and reported current weight during middle adulthood (at age of 55 years)...
July 18, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719690/for-profit-medical-education-reply
#18
Eli Y Adashi, Gopika R Krishna, Philip A Gruppuso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719686/for-profit-medical-education
#19
Brian C Drolet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719684/for-profit-medical-education
#20
George Mychaskiw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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