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Potato anthocyanins

Wei-Lin Li, Hong-Yuan Yu, Xian-Jun Zhang, Mang Ke, Tao Hong
Bladder cancer (BC) is the most common malignant disease. The developing of economically sustainable and available agents for the treatment of BC is required. Purple sweet potato anthocyanin (PSPA) has been shown to have antitumor abilities. The present study aimed to evaluate the potential role of PSPA in BC treatment. CCK-8 assay was used to assess the viability of BC cells. Flow cytometry assays were performed to evaluate the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), cell apoptosis and cell-cycle distribution...
May 8, 2018: Oncology Reports
Aimin Wang, Rensai Li, Lei Ren, Xiali Gao, Yungang Zhang, Zhimin Ma, Daifu Ma, Yonghai Luo
To study the diversity and cultivar-specific of phytochemicals in sweet potato, Liquid Chromatography-Electrospray Ionization-Mass Spectrometry was used to analyze the metabolic profiles of five sweet potato cultivars exhibiting different flesh colors: purple, yellow/orange, and white. A total of 213 metabolites, including 29 flavonoids and 27 phenolic acids, were characterized. The flavonoid profiles of the five different cultivars were distinguished using PCA, the results suggested the flesh color accounted for the observed metabolic differences...
September 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Ya Su, Min Zhang, Bhesh Bhandari, Weiming Zhang
The combination of ultrasound and microwave in vacuum frying system was investigated to achieve higher drying efficiency and quality attributes of fried products. Purple-fleshed potato were used as test specimen and different power levels of microwave (0 W, 600 W, 800 W) and ultrasound (0 W, 300 W, 600 W) during vacuum frying. Drying kinetics, dielectric properties, moisture state variation and quality attributes of fried samples were measured in a vacuum frying (VF), and an innovatively designed ultrasound and microwave assisted vacuum frying (USMVF) equipment...
June 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Asao Yamauchi, Kiyoshi Yamauchi
Asian scalp hair fibers were made thin by treatment with papain or sliced along the longitudinal axis or randomly cut by mechanical means. Optical microscopic observations of the resulting specimens indicated that (i) the medulla (M) consisted of two types of the M-surrounding cells which were linearly linked one another to form a tubular structure running through the fiber and (ii) the drum-shaped vesicles containing small proteinous granules were neatly or sparsely stored within the tube. On the other hand, H+ and OH- ions were able to move spontaneously from one end to another through the M tube...
January 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Science
Alexandra Westfall, Mónica Giusti
Cosmetics, such as lipstick, can affect an individual's perception of attractiveness and morale. Consumer concern with the safety of synthetic colorants has made the need for alternative natural color sources increasingly urgent. Our goal was to evaluate the feasibility of anthocyanin (ACN) extracts as colorants in lipstick formulations. Lipstick formulations were colored with ACN-rich materials. Accelerated environmental testing typical of the cosmetic industry were used: incubation at 20°, 37°, and 45°C for 12 weeks and temperature abuse cycles between 20°/37°C or -20°/20°C...
May 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Science
Ying Liu, Yury Tikunov, Rob E Schouten, Leo F M Marcelis, Richard G F Visser, Arnaud Bovy
Anthocyanins are a group of polyphenolic pigments that are ubiquitously found in the plant kingdom. In plants, anthocyanins play a role not only in reproduction, by attracting pollinators and seed dispersers, but also in protection against various abiotic and biotic stresses. There is accumulating evidence that anthocyanins have health-promoting properties, which makes anthocyanin metabolism an interesting target for breeders and researchers. In this review, the state of the art knowledge concerning anthocyanins in the Solanaceous vegetables, i...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Hanju Sun, Pingping Zhang, Yongsheng Zhu, Qiuyan Lou, Shudong He
Twelve kinds of anthocyanins from the Chinese purple sweet potato cultivar (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.) were extracted and identified using LC-MS/MS, which had a high content of peonidin-based anthocyanins. Five peonidin-based anthocyanin monomers (P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5) were isolated by preparative liquid chromatography with structural analyses using an Impact II Q-TOF MS/MS. Then, the functional properties of the anthocyanin monomers, such as the antioxidant activities, proliferative effects on probiotics, and their inhibition on harmful bacteria in vitro, were investigated...
March 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
Carlos D Crocco, Gabriel Gomez Ocampo, Edmundo L Ploschuk, Anita Mantese, Javier F Botto
B-box (BBX) proteins are zinc-finger transcription factors containing one or two B-box motifs. BBX proteins act as key factors in the networks regulating growth and development. The relevance of BBX21 to light and abscisic acid signaling in seedling development is well established; however, its importance in adult plant development and agronomic species is poorly understood. Therefore, we studied the effect of heterologous expression of Arabidopsis ( Arabidopsis thaliana ) BBX21 in potato ( Solanum tuberosum ) var Spunta...
May 2018: Plant Physiology
Sophie de Vries, Janina K von Dahlen, Anika Schnake, Sarah Ginschel, Barbara Schulz, Laura E Rose
Phytophthora infestans is a devastating pathogen of tomato and potato. It readily overcomes resistance genes and applied agrochemicals and hence even today causes large yield losses. Fungal endophytes provide a largely unexplored avenue of control of Phy. infestans. Not only do endophytes produce a wide array of bioactive metabolites, they may also directly compete with and defeat pathogens in planta. Here, we tested 12 fungal endophytes isolated from different plant species in vitro for their production of metabolites with anti- Phytophthora activity...
April 1, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
Sydney Moser, Ingrid Aragon, Amber Furrer, Jan-Willem Van Klinken, Melissa Kaczmarczyk, Byung-Hoo Lee, Judy George, Bruce R Hamaker, Richard Mattes, Mario G Ferruzzi
Beneficial effects of some phenolic compounds in modulation of carbohydrate digestion and glycemic response have been reported, however effects of phenolics from processed potato products on these endpoints are not well known. The aims of this study were to characterize phenolic profiles of fresh potatoes (purple, red, or white fleshed; 2 varieties each) and chips, and to examine the potential for potato phenolic extracts (PPE) to modulate starch digestion and intestinal glucose transport in model systems. Following in vitro assessment, a pilot clinical study (n=11) assessed differences in glycemic response and gastric emptying between chips from pigmented and white potatoes...
April 2018: Nutrition Research
Gan Qiu, Danfeng Wang, Xiaoyong Song, Yun Deng, Yanyun Zhao
We investigated the types, degradation kinetics, and antioxidant capacities of anthocyanins in purple potato slices subjected to air-impingement jet drying (AIJD) at different drying temperatures (50, 65, and 80°C). Petunidin-3-p-coumaroylrutinoside-5-glucoside was the predominant anthocyanin in AIJD-treated purple potato and was positively correlated with antioxidant capacity. Anthocyanin concentration decreased with drying time, and anthocyanin degradation followed first-order reaction kinetics. At high drying temperatures, anthocyanin degradation had higher degradation rates and shorter half-life than at low drying temperatures...
March 2018: Food Research International
W L Li, G H Ji, X Z Zhang, H Y Yu
Objective: To observe the effect of purple sweet potato anthocyanins on the proliferation of bladder cancer cell line BIU87 and to investigate the molecular mechanisms. Methods: Bladder cancer BIU87 cells were cultured and exposed to anthocyanins at the different concentrations of 100, 200, 400, and 800 μg/ml respectively. The growth inhibition of anthocyanins on BIU87 cells were evaluated by morphometry and cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, and the cell apoptosis rate was detected by Flow cytometry (FCM)...
February 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Diganta Kalita, David G Holm, Daniel V LaBarbera, J Mark Petrash, Sastry S Jayanty
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that is becoming a serious global health problem. Diabetes has been considered to be one of the major risks of cataract and retinopathy. Synthetic and natural product inhibitors of carbohydrate degrading enzymes are able to reduce type 2 diabetes and its complications. For a long time, potatoes have been portrayed as unhealthy for diabetic patients by some nutritionist due to their high starch content. However, purple and red potato cultivars have received considerable attention from consumers because they have high levels of polyphenolic compounds that have potent antioxidant activities...
2018: PloS One
Fang Liu, Yuanjun Yang, Jianwei Gao, Changle Ma, Yuping Bi
In this study, a red mutant was obtained through in vitro regeneration of a wild purple potato. High-performance liquid chromatography and Mass spectrometry analysis revealed that pelargonidin-3-O-glucoside and petunidin-3-O-glucoside were main anthocyanins in the mutant and wild type tubers, respectively. In order to thoroughly understand the mechanism of anthocyanin transformation in two materials, a comparative transcriptome analysis of the mutant and wild type was carried out through high-throughput RNA sequencing, and 295 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained...
2018: PloS One
Mei Cheng, Xin Zhang, Jinxuan Cao, Xiaojie Zheng, Zhicheng Zhang
In this study, the role of phospholipids in transepithelial transport and the impact on the antioxidant activity of purple sweet potato anthocyanins (PSPAs) was evaluated. PSPAs were purified by column chromatography, and then PSPAs-phospholipids complex (PSPAs-PC) was prepared. In antioxidant assay in vitro, PSPAs-PC exhibited potential antioxidant activity; meanwhile, it exhibited relatively higher stability in mimic gastrointestinal digestion conditions. The inhibitory effect of PSPAs-PC on the oxidation of soybean oil was significantly higher after 15 days storage...
January 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Jian Li, Zhao Shi, Yongjie Mi
Purple sweet potato color (PSPC) is a natural anthocyanin pigment that is derived from purple sweet potato storage roots. PSPC possesses a variety of biological activities, including antioxidant, anti‑inflammatory and neuroprotective effects; however, the detailed effects of PSPC on high‑fat diet (HFD)‑induced neuroinflammation remain to be determined. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether PSPC has a protective role in HFD‑associated neuroinflammation in the mouse brain and to provide novel insight into the mechanisms of the action...
January 17, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Zhan Cai, Lihua Song, Bingjun Qian, Wei Xu, Junkun Ren, Pu Jing, Indrawati Oey
Anthocyanins as antioxidants are potential to protect liver from alcoholic damage, but might be pro-oxidants under certain conditions. In this study, twelve purple sweet potatoes anthocyanins (PSPA) were isolated and their effects on alcohol-induced liver injury were studied. These PSPA were rich in cyanidin derivatives and fed to male C57BL/6 mice as colorants in alcoholic drink with low, median, or high dosages PSPA i.e. 50, 100, or 300 mg/kg·BW·d. Compared to the alcohol group, the median-dose PSPA showed a clear improvement in the liver indexes/histology, serum ALT level, oxidative stress status, and even a recovery to the normal level, however the high dose PSPA promoted the liver injury via a pro-oxidant effect, as reflected by increased malondialdehyde (MDA) content and decreased GSH level...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Hwi-Ho Lee, Suel-Gie Lee, Ji-Sun Shin, Ho-Young Lee, Kyungwon Yoon, Yong Woo Ji, Dae Sik Jang, Kyung-Tae Lee
Previously, we first reported the identification of four p-coumaroyl anthocyanins (petanin, peonanin, malvanin, and pelanin) from the tuber epidermis of colored potato (Solanum tuberosum L. cv JAYOUNG). In this study, we investigated the anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects of a mixture of peonanin, malvanin, and pelanin (10 : 3 : 3; CAJY). CAJY displayed considerable radical scavenging capacity of 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH), increased mRNA levels of the catalytic and modulatory subunit of glutamate cysteine ligase, and subsequent cellular glutathione content...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Candice Mazewski, Katie Liang, Elvira Gonzalez de Mejia
The objective was to compare the anti-proliferative effect of anthocyanin-rich plant extracts on human colon cancer cells and determine their mechanism of action. Eleven extracts were tested: red (RG) and purple grape, purple sweet potato, purple carrot, black and purple bean, black lentil (BL), black peanut, sorghum (SH), black rice, and blue wheat. HCT-116 and HT-29 inhibition correlated with total phenolics (r=0.87 and 0.77, respectively), delphinidin-3-O-glucoside concentration with HT-29 inhibition (r=0...
March 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
Liz Gutiérrez-Quequezana, Anssi L Vuorinen, Heikki Kallio, Baoru Yang
Methods were optimized for extraction and quantification of anthocyanins (ACY) and vitamin C in potatoes. Acidified aqueous methanol (70%) was the optimal extraction solvent and freeze-drying significantly improved the extraction yield of ACY. The content of ACY varied widely in five potato cultivars from 0.42 to 3.18mg/g dry weight, with the latter being the highest value found in the Finnish cultivar 'Synkeä Sakari'. Compared with dithiothreitol (DTT), tris(2-carboxyethyl) phosphine hydrochloride (TCEP) was more efficient in reducing dehydroascorbic acid (DHA) to ascorbic acid (AA) and for quantifying the content of total ascorbic acid (TAA)...
March 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
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