keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric Surgical oncology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561681/cancer-care-and-control-as-a-human-right-recognizing-global-oncology-as-an-academic-field
#1
Alexandru E Eniu, Yehoda M Martei, Edward L Trimble, Lawrence N Shulman
The global burden of cancer incidence and mortality is on the rise. There are major differences in cancer fatality rates due to profound disparities in the burden and resource allocation for cancer care and control in developed compared with developing countries. The right to cancer care and control should be a human right accessible to all patients with cancer, regardless of geographic or economic region, to avoid unnecessary deaths and suffering from cancer. National cancer planning should include an integrated approach that incorporates a continuum of education, prevention, cancer diagnostics, treatment, survivorship, and palliative care...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544698/the-use-of-antifibrinolytics-in-pediatric-patients-with-hypoproliferative-thrombocytopenia
#2
Meghan Delaney, Dana C Matthews, Terry B Gernsheimer
Despite the use of evidence-based platelet transfusion therapy during periods of hypoproliferative thrombocytopenia, a large proportion of pediatric hematology/oncology patients continue to suffer from clinically significant bleeding. Antifibrinolytic (AF) drugs have been shown in certain surgical and trauma settings to decrease bleeding, blood transfusion, and improve survival. We conducted a retrospective assessment of the safety of using AF drugs in pediatric patients with hypoproliferative thrombocytopenia at our center as well as the impact on bleeding occurrence and severity...
May 24, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497184/management-of-hydrocephalus-in-pediatric-metastatic-tumors-of-the-posterior-fossa-at-presentation
#3
Luc Le Fournier, Matthieu Delion, Maxime Esvan, Emilie De Carli, Céline Chappé, Philippe Mercier, Philippe Menei, Laurent Riffaud
PURPOSE: Presence of metastases in newly diagnosed pediatric posterior fossa tumors (PFT) is not a rare situation, but optimal treatment of associated hydrocephalus in these children has remained undetermined. METHODS: Twenty-nine children treated between January 2005 and December 2015 for a metastatic PFT associated with hydrocephalus constituted the study cohort. Patients were divided into three groups: ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS), endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV), and temporary ventricular drainage before or during tumor resection (PVD)...
May 11, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481065/-current-anesthesia-risk-of-anterior-mediastinal-masses
#4
M Aguilera-Pujabet, G Guillén, N Montferrer, S López-Fernández, J A Molino, J Lloret
AIM: To analyze the current risk of an anesthetic event during surgical acts in pediatric patients with anterior mediastinal masses (AMM) in a tertiary oncology center, using the previously published risk factors to plan the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study (2009-2015) of pediatric patients with AMM who underwent surgical procedures at debut. Published risk factors (symptoms, radiological findings), with special focus on the statistically significant ones, diagnosis, surgical and anesthetic procedure, special measures, and anesthetic events were recorded...
October 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475230/outcomes-of-a-pediatric-surgical-oncology-fellowship-in-a-pediatric-cancer-institution
#5
I Fernandez-Pineda, D Sanders, B N Rao, S J Shochat, A M Davidoff
Surgery plays an important role as part of the treatment plan in most children with malignant solid tumors in regards to initial biopsy, upfront resection, and delayed resection. Surgeons also play a critical role in the treatment of surgical complications that may arise during medical treatment. The pediatric surgical oncologist should be familiar with the current treatment guidelines, histology implications, chemotherapy and radiation side effects, tumor staging, and overall care of the child with cancer...
May 5, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445240/evaluation-of-a-pediatric-early-warning-score-across-different-subspecialty-patients
#6
Nathan P Dean, J B Fenix, Michael Spaeder, Amanda Levin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of a Pediatric Early Warning Score to predict deterioration in different subspecialty patient populations. DESIGN: Single center, retrospective cohort study. Patients were classified into five groups: 1) cardiac; 2) hematology/oncology/bone marrow transplant; 3) surgical; 4) neurologic; and 5) general medical. The relationship between the Pediatric Early Warning Score and unplanned ICU transfer requiring initiation of specific ICU therapies (intubation, high-flow nasal cannula, noninvasive ventilation, inotropes, or aggressive fluid hydration within 12 hr of transfer) was evaluated...
April 25, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400872/surgical-release-of-severe-flexion-contracture-for-oncologic-knee-arthroplasty
#7
Vincent Y Ng, Philip Louie, Stephanie Punt, Ernest U Conrad
BACKGROUND: Severe postoperative knee contractures after arthroplasty or megaprosthesis reconstruction occur rarely, but are devastating complications. Management of preoperative flexion contractures is well-described, but there is a paucity of literature for surgical treatment of postoperative contractures. A retrospective chart review was performed for a single surgeon of cases between 1996 and 2014. RESULTS: Nine patients (5 of 66 for pediatrics; 4 of 95 for adults) underwent surgical release for severe stiffness after implantation of knee megaprosthesis...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367018/blood-transfusion-practices-in-a-tertiary-care-center-in-northern-india
#8
Sonam Kumari
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion plays vital roles in the medical and surgical practice. To achieve optimum use of blood, transfusion has to be appropriate and judicious consuming minimal resources and manpower. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pattern of blood transfusion requests and utilization with the aim of determining transfusion practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood request forms and cross-match worksheets at the blood bank were analyzed over a 6-month period...
April 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364343/management-of-pediatric-malignant-germ-cell-tumors-icmr-consensus-document
#9
REVIEW
Sandeep Agarwala, Aparajita Mitra, Deepak Bansal, Gauri Kapoor, Tushar Vora, Maya Prasad, Girish Chinnaswamy, Brijesh Arora, Venkatraman Radhakrishnan, Siddharth Laskar, Tanvir Kaur, Rupinder Singh Dhaliwal, G K Rath, Sameer Bakhshi
With the introduction of cisplatin, the outcome of children with malignant germ cell tumors (MGCT) has improved to nearly 90% 5 year survival. Over the years, through the results of various multinational co-operative trials, the chemotherapy and surgical guidelines for both the gonadal and extra-gonadal MGCTs have been refined to decrease the early and late morbidities and at the same time improve survival. Introduction of risk categorization has further added to this effort. There has been no recommendation on how the children with malignant germ cell tumors should be treated in India...
April 1, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363472/surgical-management-and-surveillance-of-pediatric-appendiceal-carcinoid-tumor
#10
Inna N Lobeck, Neelum Jeste, James Geller, Joseph Pressey, Daniel von Allmen
PURPOSE: Appendiceal carcinoid tumors are rare neuroendocrine neoplasms. The aim of this study was to determine if postoperative oncologic follow-up was necessary for this tumor. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients with appendiceal carcinoid 2000-2015. RESULTS: 8382 patients underwent appendectomy 2000-2015. 30 (0.3%) had appendiceal carcinoid. 70% were female (n=21) with an average age of 13.5±2.8 years (range 8-18)...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353129/management-of-hepatoblastoma-icmr-consensus-document
#11
REVIEW
Sandeep Agarwala, Alisha Gupta, Deepak Bansal, Tushar Vora, Maya Prasad, Brijesh Arora, Gauri Kapoor, Girish Chinnaswamy, Venkatraman Radhakrishnan, Siddharth Laskar, Tanvir Kaur, Rupinder Singh Dhaliwal, G K Rath, Sameer Bakhshi
Dramatic advancement has been made in the management of children with hepatoblastoma (HB) over the past 3 decades owing to the improvement in diagnostic imaging, new chemotherapeutic agents, better surgical care and availability of liver transplantation. These advances are the end results of contributions from 4 major study groups across the globe including International Society of Pediatric Oncology - Liver Tumor Strategy Group (SIOPEL), Children's Oncology Group (COG), German Pediatric Hematology Oncology Group (GPOH) and Japanese Pediatric Liver Tumor Study Group (JPLT)...
March 29, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353005/management-and-outcome-of-children-with-neuroendocrine-tumors-of-the-appendix-in-spain-is-there-room-for-improvement
#12
P Pérez-Albert, T de Rojas, M Á Lendínez, L Illade, M García-Abos, J Alonso-Cadenas, M Andión, L Madero
PURPOSE: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are, after lymphomas, the most frequent gastrointestinal tumors in children, mainly located in the appendix. Best management remains unclear, given the absence of pediatric guidelines. We present the first Spanish series of pediatric patients with NETs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of all pediatric patients (<18 years) with NET treated in four oncology reference institutions in Spain between 1994 and 2015. RESULTS: Seventeen patients were included...
March 28, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350952/future-advances-in-spine-surgery-the-aospine-north-america-perspective
#13
Michael G Fehlings, Christopher S Ahuja, Thomas Mroz, Wellington Hsu, James Harrop
This focus issue highlights state-of-the-art techniques, equipment, and practices in the modern era of spine surgery while providing a glimpse into the next generation of patient care. A broad range of topics are presented to cover the full spectrum of the field. Degenerative diseases are discussed in a series of 3 articles on (1) pathophysiology, management, and surgical approaches to degenerative cervical myelopathy; (2) novel approaches to degenerative thoracolumbar disease (eg, interspinous process spacers, minimally invasive/endoscopic approaches); and (3) animal models and emerging therapeutics in degenerative disk disease...
March 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306215/primary-mediastinal-and-retroperitoneal-malignant-germ-cell-tumors-in-children-and-adolescents-results-of-the-tgm95-trial-a-study-of-the-french-society-of-pediatric-oncology-soci%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-fran%C3%A3-aise-des-cancers-de-l-enfant
#14
Hélène Sudour-Bonnange, Cécile Faure-Conter, Hélène Martelli, Frederic Hameury, Brice Fresneau, Daniel Orbach, Cécile Vérité
PURPOSE: To examine the clinical presentation, treatment and results in children and adolescents with primary mediastinal (PM) and retroperitoneal (RP) germ cell tumors (GCTs). METHODS: The TGM95 trial for malignant GCTs was conducted in France between 1995 and 2005 to evaluate a strategy adapted to prognostic factors with cisplatin-based chemotherapy and surgical management. We reviewed patients with TGCTs at PM and RP sites. RESULTS: Among 239 patients, there were 16 patients with PM and 5 with RP tumors, which represent 9% of all patients, highlighting the rarity of these extragonadal locations...
March 17, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294349/malignant-glomus-tumors-of-the-head-and-neck-in-children-and-adults-evaluation-and-management
#15
Nikolaus E Wolter, Eelam Adil, Alexandria L Irace, Annette Werger, Antonio R Perez-Atayde, Christopher Weldon, Darren B Orbach, Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo, Reza Rahbar
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To describe our current multidisciplinary approach to pediatric malignant glomus tumors of the head and neck and review the current literature. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review at a tertiary referral children's hospital and a comprehensive literature review. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Google Scholar, and EBSCO with respect to malignant glomus tumors of the head and neck was conducted...
March 14, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290395/indian-society-of-neuro-oncology-consensus-guidelines-for-the-contemporary-management-of-medulloblastoma
#16
Tejpal Gupta, Chitra Sarkar, Vedantam Rajshekhar, Sandip Chatterjee, Neelam Shirsat, Dattatreya Muzumdar, Sona Pungavkar, Girish Chinnaswamy, Rakesh Jalali
INTRODUCTION: The high success rate in the management medulloblastoma achieved in the western world is not exactly mirrored in developing countries including India. Socio-demographic differences, health-care disparity, and lack in uniformity of care with resultant widespread variations in the clinical practice are some of the reasons that may partly explain this difference in outcomes. Patients with medulloblastoma require a multi-disciplinary team approach involving but not limited to neuro-radiology, neurosurgery; neuropathology, molecular biology, radiation oncology, pediatric medical oncology and rehabilitative services for optimizing outcomes...
March 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205365/paratesticular-rhabdomyosarcoma-in-children-and-adolescents-outcome-and-patterns-of-relapse-when-utilizing-a-nonsurgical-strategy-for-lymph-node-staging-report-from-the-international-society-of-paediatric-oncology-siop-malignant-mesenchymal-tumour-89-and-95
#17
Timothy Rogers, Veronique Minard-Colin, Nathalie Cozic, Meriel Jenney, Johannes H M Merks, Soledad Gallego, Christine Devalck, Mark N Gaze, Anna Kelsey, Odile Oberlin, Mike Stevens, Richard D Spicer, Christophe Bergeron, Helene Martelli
PURPOSE: To report the results from International Society of Pediatric Oncology (SIOP) Malignant Mesenchymal Tumors studies (MMT 89 and 95) of males with nonmetastatic paratesticular rhabdomyosarcoma. METHODS: From 1989 to 2003, 159 patients were included. Radical inguinal orchidectomy was recommended, but retroperitoneal lymph node (LN) assessment was based on imaging alone. The treatment was stratified by stage (SIOP tumor-node-metastasis staging system) and histology...
February 16, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203467/costello-syndrome-and-umbilical-ligament-rhabdomyosarcoma-in-two-pediatric-patients-case-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Carlos Sánchez-Montenegro, Alejandra Vilanova-Sánchez, Saturnino Barrena-Delfa, Jair Tenorio, Fernando Santos-Simarro, Sixto García-Miñaur, Pablo Lapunzina, Leopoldo Martínez-Martínez
Costello syndrome is caused by heterozygous de novo missense mutations in the protooncogene HRAS with tumor predisposition, especially rhabdomyosarcoma. We here report two pediatric patients with Costello syndrome and umbilical ligament rhabdomyosarcoma. A review of the literature published in English in MEDLINE from January 1971 to June 2016 using the search terms "Costello syndrome" and "rhabdomyosarcoma" was performed, including two new cases that we describe. Twenty-six patients with Costello syndrome and rhabdomyosarcoma were recorded with mean age of diagnosis of 2 years and 8 months...
2017: Case Reports in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165797/strategies-of-enhancing-bone-regenerate-formation-in-distraction-osteogenesis
#19
Mohammad Mesfer Alzahrani, Emad Anam, Saad M AlQahtani, Asim M Makhdom, Reggie C Hamdy
Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is a commonly used technique in multiple orthopedic sub-specialties, including trauma, oncology and pediatrics. This technique aims to produce new bone formation in the distraction gap in a controlled manner. The issue with this technique has been the high risk of complications, one of which is poor regenerate formation during the distraction process. Although several factors (including patient and operative factors) and techniques (including surgical, mechanical and pharmacological) have been described to ensure successful regenerate formation during the process of DO, these factors are sometimes difficult to control clinically...
February 6, 2017: Connective Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152936/improving-transitions-of-care-through-implementation-of-a-standardized-handoff-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#20
Mohamed Ait Aiss, Helene P Phu, Lakeisha R Day, Varkey Abraham, Karen Chen, Mejia Rodrigo, Shehla Razvi, Carmen E Gonzalez, Norman Brito-Dellan, Srinivas Banala, David Rubio, Nicole Vaughan-Adams, Debra S Ruiz, Tan Jens, Charles F Levenback, Michael M Frumovitz, Behrouz Zand, Carmelita P Escalante
242 Background: Communication failures cause two-thirds of sentinel events in hospitals. These adverse occurrences are often both fatal and preventable. Consequently, improving the quality of handoffs has been identified by multiple accreditation constituents as a top priority patient safety goal. This project was part of an institutional initiative to standardize handoffs among physicians, trainees, and midlevel providers. METHODS: Four subgroups were identified as pilot areas: Gynecologic Oncology (Gyn Onc) fellows to nocturnalists, Surgical Oncology fellows, Pediatric Oncology residents and fellows, and Emergency Center attending staff to inpatient hospitalists...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
keyword
keyword
23778
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"