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Coronary Optical Coherence Tomography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235809/management-and-outcome-of-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-caused-by-plaque-rupture-versus-plaque-erosion-an%C3%A2-intravascular-optical-coherence-tomography-study
#1
Sining Hu, Yinchun Zhu, Yingying Zhang, Jiannan Dai, Lulu Li, Harold Dauerman, Tsunenari Soeda, Zhao Wang, Hang Lee, Chao Wang, Chunyang Zhe, Yan Wang, Gonghui Zheng, Shaosong Zhang, Haibo Jia, Bo Yu, Ik-Kyung Jang
BACKGROUND: Plaque rupture and erosion are the 2 most common mechanisms for acute coronary syndromes. However, the outcome of these 2 distinct pathologies in patients with acute coronary syndromes has never been studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively studied 141 patients with acute coronary syndromes who underwent optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging of the culprit lesion prior to stenting from the Massachusetts General Hospital OCT Registry. Management (stent versus no stent), poststent OCT findings, and outcomes were compared...
February 24, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214139/accuracy-of-computed-tomography-angiography-to-identify-thin-cap-fibroatheroma-detected-by-optical-coherence-tomography
#2
Nobuo Tomizawa, Kodai Yamamoto, Shinichi Inoh, Takeshi Nojo, Sunao Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) is assumed to cause acute coronary syndromes. OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of different models for diagnosing TCFA using parameters derived by CT, validated against optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: One hundred twenty-nine plaques in 106 patients were analyzed using data acquired by 64-row CT with a reconstruction thickness of 0.67 mm and an increment of 0.33 mm. TCFA was defined by OCT as a plaque with lipid content in ≥2 quadrants and the thinnest part of the fibrous cap measuring ≤65 μm...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212135/the-role-of-residual-intrastent-thrombus-during-primary-angioplasty-insights-from-the-coctail-ii-study
#3
Laura Gatto, Enrico Romagnoli, Francesco Versaci, Ugo Limbruno, Tomasz Pawlowski, Italo Porto, Valeria Marco, Luca Di Vito, Fabrizio Imola, Alberto Cremonesi, Francesco Prati
AIMS: Recent frequency-domain optical coherence tomography studies showed that a complete removal of thrombotic materials is rarely achieved after percutaneous coronary interventions for ST segment elevation myocardial infarction. Residual intrastent thrombus can embolize distally leading to microcirculatory injury. The aim was to find a possible correlation between residual intrastent thrombus and angiographic indexes of myocardial reperfusion. METHODS: The population consisted of 128 ST segment elevation myocardial infarction patients enrolled in the COCTAIL II trial...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197276/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-safety-of-methotrexate-and-its-possible-benefits-on-restenosis-after-bare-metal-stent-deployment
#4
Viviane Gouveia, Dinaldo C Oliveira, Emmanuele Tenorio, Norma Brito, Emanuel Sarinho
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) revolutionized treatment of coronary artery disease. Drug-eluting stents are effective and safe but their cost is high, especially for some countries. The primary objective was to evaluate the safety of methotrexate (MTX) in patients who underwent PCI and the secondary goal was to evaluate the possibility that MTX has an impact on restenosis. METHODS: This was a transversal, prospective and descriptive study that recruited 16 patients in whom PCI was planned...
June 2016: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169175/in%C3%A2-vivo-coronary-lesion-differentiation-with-computed-tomography-angiography-and-intravascular-ultrasound-as-compared-to-optical-coherence-tomography
#5
Wouter G Wieringa, Chris P H Lexis, Erik Lipsic, Hindrik W van der Werf, Johannes G M Burgerhof, Vincent E Hagens, G Louis Bartels, Alexander Broersen, Remco A Schurer, Eng-Shiong Tan, Pim van der Harst, Ad F M van den Heuvel, Tineke P Willems, Gabija Pundziute
BACKGROUND: In vitro studies have shown the feasibility of coronary lesion grading with computed tomography angiography (CTA), intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) as compared to histology, whereas OCT had the highest discriminatory capacity. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the ability of CTA and IVUS to differentiate between early and advanced coronary lesions in vivo, OCT serving as standard of reference. METHODS: Multimodality imaging was prospectively performed in 30 NSTEMI patients...
January 22, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168963/ten-year-experience-of-coronary-endarterectomy-for-the-diffusely-diseased-left%C3%A2-anterior-descending-artery
#6
Kosaku Nishigawa, Toshihiro Fukui, Masataka Yamazaki, Shuichiro Takanashi
BACKGROUND: Coronary endarterectomy (CE) is a surgical option for a diffusely diseased coronary artery. This study evaluated the clinical and angiographic outcomes of CE for a diffusely diseased left anterior descending artery (LAD) using the internal thoracic artery (ITA). METHODS: From September 2004 to September 2014, 188 patients (163 men; mean age, 66.1 years) underwent coronary artery bypass grafting with CE for a diffusely diseased LAD. Forty patients (21...
March 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164433/coronary-artery-aneurysm-after-implantation-of-a-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffold-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Su-Kiat Chua, Jun-Jack Cheng
A 55-year-old man underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention for the middle left circumflex artery with a 3.5 × 28-mm bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS). At 18 months, follow-up coronary angiography showed ectatic change with aneurysm formation over the BVS. Optical coherence tomography revealed absence of strut continuity at the aneurysm site, in the middle of the BVS. A literature review identified nine patients with intrascaffold aneurysm, including the present patient, which developed 6-32 months after BVS implantation...
February 6, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163840/optical-coherence-tomography-to-identify-the-cause-of-an-arrhythmic-storm-a-case-report
#8
Etienne L Couture, Simon Bérubé, Benoit Daneault
A 56-year-old man experienced an aborted sudden death followed by an arrhythmic storm. Angiography revealed a non-severe lesion on the left circumflex artery that was treated medically but an arrhythmic storm recurred. A repeat angiogram was comparable but optical coherence tomography imaging revealed a ruptured plaque with intraluminal thrombosis. Percutaneous coronary intervention was performed and no arrhythmia recurred.
January 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161260/optical-coherence-tomography-guided-full-plastic-jacket-in-spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection
#9
Ana Rita Ramalho, João Silva Marques, Manuel Oliveira Santos, Vitor Matos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161096/relationship-between-yellow-plaque-grade-and-tissue-protrusion-after-stent-implantation-a-coronary-angioscopy-study
#10
Toru Miyoshi, Hideo Kawakami, Fumiyasu Seike, Akira Oshita, Hiroshi Matsuoka
BACKGROUND: Tissue protrusion detected with optical coherence tomography after percutaneous coronary intervention using stents is one of the risk factors for early stent thrombosis. However, tissue protrusion features have not been described. The aim of this study was to compare tissue morphology at stented sites with or without tissue protrusion by using coronary angioscopy. METHODS: Using optical coherence tomography and coronary angioscopy, we assessed 42 patients [31 men, 11 women; age, 70...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158421/fate-of-post-procedural-malapposition-of-everolimus-eluting-polymeric-bioresorbable-scaffold-and-everolimus-eluting-cobalt-chromium-metallic-stent-in-human-coronary-arteries-sequential-assessment-with-optical-coherence-tomography-in-absorb-japan-trial
#11
Yohei Sotomi, Yoshinobu Onuma, Jouke Dijkstra, Yosuke Miyazaki, Ken Kozuma, Kengo Tanabe, Jeffrey J Popma, Robbert J de Winter, Patrick W Serruys, Takeshi Kimura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157944/simultaneous-imaging-of-atherosclerotic-plaque-composition-and-structure-with-dual-mode-photoacoustic-and-optical-coherence-tomography
#12
Shanshan Shang, Zhongjiang Chen, Yue Zhao, Sihua Yang, Da Xing
The composition of plaque is a major determinant of coronary-related clinical syndromes. By combining photoacoustic tomography (PAT) and optical coherence tomography (OCT), the optical absorption and scattering properties of vascular plaque can be revealed and subsequently used to distinguish the plaque composition and structure. The feasibility and capacity of the dual-mode PAT-OCT technique for resolving vascular plaque was first testified by plaque composition mimicking experiment. PAT obtained lipid information due to optical absorption differences, while owing to scattering differences, OCT achieved imaging of collagen...
January 23, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145045/intraluminal-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffold-dismantling-with-aneurysm-formation-leading-to-very-late-thrombosis
#13
Amisha Patel, Tamim Nazif, Gregg W Stone, Ziad A Ali
Coronary artery aneurysm formation has been described in patients after the placement of first-generation drug-eluting stents (DES), but is less common with newer generation metallic stents. In contrast, coronary artery aneurysm formation may be more common with the use of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) due to the frequent formation of evaginations in the arterial wall seen with BVS. In this article, we describe a unique case of BVS dismantling and thrombus formation leading to an acute coronary syndrome thirty-two months after initial BVS placement...
February 1, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132761/restenosis-after-everolimus-eluting-vascular-scaffolding-angiographic-and-optical-coherence-tomography-characterization
#14
Jorge Chavarría, Javier Suárez de Lezo, Soledad Ojeda, Manuel Pan, José Segura, Francisco Mazuelos, Simona Espejo, José López, Miguel Romero, José Suárez de Lezo
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Coronary restenosis after bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) implantation is infrequent and little information is available on the main characteristics of these lesions. The aim of this study was to assess restenotic lesions by using optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: We studied 330 patients with coronary artery disease who received 398 BVS to treat 380 lesions. These patients were clinically and angiographically evaluated at follow-up and OCT was carried out on detection of restenosis...
October 27, 2016: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115812/ivus-guided-implantation-of-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-for-very-late-paclitaxel-stent-thrombosis
#15
Zhe-Zhong Lin, Wei-Ting Chang, Chun-Yen Chiang, Zhih-Cherng Chen, Po-Ming Ku
Bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) implantation has been shown to be safe in patients with stable coronary disease, and effective against the thrombotic lesion and the in-stent restenosis (ISR) of the drug-eluting stent (DES). BVSs have the advantages of a snow racket concept, positive vessel remodeling, and better conformability compared with DES in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We report on a young patient with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who presented to our emergency department arising from very late stent thrombosis (VLST) of a 2...
January 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111411/serial-observations-of-in-stent-restenosis-treated-with-drug-coated-balloon-angioplasty-by-optical-coherence-tomography-and-coronary-angioscopy
#16
Nobuhiro Murata, Tadateru Takayama, Takafumi Hiro
The drug-coated balloon (DCB) is a device that is used to reduce the risk of stent re-implantation in patients with in-stent restenosis (ISR). However, imaging findings of the drug covering the neointimal plaque immediately after treatment of ISR by DCB, and during follow-up, have only been discussed in a few reports. Herein, we describe the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT) and angioscopy to evaluate ISR before and after treatment with DCB, and during the follow-up period in 3 patients. The patients developed critical ISR during the follow-up period after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation...
February 7, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109054/intracoronary-optical-coherence-tomography-clinical-and-research-applications-and-intravascular-imaging-software-overview
#17
Erhan Tenekecioglu, Felipe N Albuquerque, Yohei Sotomi, Yaping Zeng, Pannipa Suwannasom, Hiroki Tateishi, Rafael Cavalcante, Yuki Ishibashi, Shimpei Nakatani, Mohammad Abdelghani, Jouke Dijkstra, Christos Bourantas, Carlos Collet, Antonios Karanasos, Maria Radu, Ancong Wang, Takashi Muramatsu, Ulf Landmesser, Takayuki Okamura, Evelyn Regar, Lorenz Räber, Giulio Guagliumi, Robert T Pyo, Yoshinobu Onuma, Patrick W Serruys
By providing valuable information about the coronary artery wall and lumen, intravascular imaging may aid in optimizing interventional procedure results and thereby could improve clinical outcomes following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a light-based technology with a tissue penetration of approximately 1 to 3 mm and provides near histological resolution. It has emerged as a technological breakthrough in intravascular imaging with multiple clinical and research applications...
January 21, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108456/multifaceted-presentation-of-recurrent-spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection-angiography-and-optical-coherence-tomography-findings
#18
Marcos Garcia-Guimaraes, Teresa Bastante, Javier Cuesta, Fernando Rivero, Gonzalo Navarrete, Teresa Alvarado, Julián Cuesta, Amparo Benedicto, Fernando Alfonso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104208/first-in-human-evaluation-of-a-novel%C3%A2-polymer-free-drug-filled-stent-angiographic-ivus-oct-and-clinical-outcomes-from%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-revelution-study
#19
Stephen G Worthley, Alexandre Abizaid, Ajay J Kirtane, Daniel I Simon, Stephan Windecker, Sandeep Brar, Ian T Meredith, Sharad Shetty, Ajay Sinhal, Alexandra Popma Almonacid, Daniel Chamié, Akiko Maehara, Gregg W Stone
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the safety and effectiveness of the drug-filled stent (DFS) (Medtronic, Santa Rosa, California) in the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: Polymer-free drug-eluting stents have the potential to improve clinical outcomes and facilitate shorter durations of dual antiplatelet therapy. The polymer-free DFS is made from a trilayered continuous wire with an outer cobalt chromium layer, a middle tantalum layer, and an inner lumen coated with sirolimus...
January 23, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102661/coronary-aneurysm-formation-following-bare-metal-stent-implantation-an-optical-coherence-tomography-evaluation
#20
Alessandro DI Giorgio, Francesco Costa, Vittorio Virga, Francesco Saporito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Minerva Cardioangiologica
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