keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ESA

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650967/author-contributions-to-ecological-publications-what-does-it-mean-to-be-an-author-in-modern-ecological-research
#1
John M Logan, Sarah B Bean, Andrew E Myers
Authorship is a central element of scientific research carrying a variety of rewards and responsibilities, and while various guidelines exist, actual author contributions are often ambiguous. Inconsistent or limited contributions threaten to devalue authorship as intellectual currency and diminish authors' responsibility for published content. Researchers have assessed author contributions in the medical literature and other research fields, but similar data for the field of ecological research are lacking...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646375/comparative-efficacy-and-safety-in-esa-biosimilars-vs-originators-in-adults-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Laura Amato, Antonio Addis, Rosella Saulle, Francesco Trotta, Zuzana Mitrova, Marina Davoli
BACKGROUND: Several Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) are available to treat anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Questions about the comparability of such therapeutic options are not purely a regulatory or economical matter. Appropriate use of originator or biosimilar in these patients need to be supported by clinical data. Regarding the prevention of blood transfusion, reduction of fatigue, breathlessness and mortality or cardiovascular events, a summary of the comparative efficacy and safety data of these drugs is lacking...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645427/antidiabetic-medication-statins-and-the-risk-of-endometrioid-endometrial-cancer-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
Reetta Arima, Mikko Marttila, Ari Hautakoski, Martti Arffman, Reijo Sund, Pirjo Ilanne-Parikka, Jenni Kangaskokko, Esa Läärä, Ulla Puistola, Marianne Hinkula
OBJECTIVE: To gain further evidence of an association between the incidence of endometrial cancer (EC) and the use of metformin, other antidiabetic medication (ADM) and statins in women with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 92,366 women with newly diagnosed T2D was obtained from a diabetes register (FinDM). 590 endometrioid ECs were observed during the follow-up time. Poisson regression was utilized to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) of the endometrioid EC in relation to the use of metformin, other oral ADM, insulin and statins...
June 20, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639616/current-rates-and-mechanisms-of-subsea-permafrost-degradation-in-the-east-siberian-arctic-shelf
#4
Natalia Shakhova, Igor Semiletov, Orjan Gustafsson, Valentin Sergienko, Leopold Lobkovsky, Oleg Dudarev, Vladimir Tumskoy, Michael Grigoriev, Alexey Mazurov, Anatoly Salyuk, Roman Ananiev, Andrey Koshurnikov, Denis Kosmach, Alexander Charkin, Nicolay Dmitrevsky, Victor Karnaukh, Alexey Gunar, Alexander Meluzov, Denis Chernykh
The rates of subsea permafrost degradation and occurrence of gas-migration pathways are key factors controlling the East Siberian Arctic Shelf (ESAS) methane (CH4) emissions, yet these factors still require assessment. It is thought that after inundation, permafrost-degradation rates would decrease over time and submerged thaw-lake taliks would freeze; therefore, no CH4 release would occur for millennia. Here we present results of the first comprehensive scientific re-drilling to show that subsea permafrost in the near-shore zone of the ESAS has a downward movement of the ice-bonded permafrost table of ∼14 cm year(-1) over the past 31-32 years...
June 22, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637971/esculentoside-a-ameliorates-cecal-ligation-and-puncture-induced-acute-kidney-injury-in-rats
#5
Guodong Sun, Wei Yang, Yang Zhang, Mingyan Zhao
Esculentoside A (EsA), a saponin isolated from Phytolacca esculenta, can attenuate acute liver and lung injury. However, whether EsA has a protective effect against sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) has not been reported. In this study, EsA (2.5, 5, or 10 mg/kg) was given to rats with sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). We found that EsA improved the survival of septic rats in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, EsA lowered the kidney tubular damage score and decreased blood urea nitrogen and creatinine...
June 22, 2017: Experimental Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631807/compositional-analyses-and-shelf-life-modeling-of-njangsa-ricinodendron-heudelotii-seed-oil-using-the-weibull-hazard-analysis
#6
Harold K Abaidoo-Ayin, Prince G Boakye, Kerby C Jones, Victor T Wyatt, Samuel A Besong, Stephen E Lumor
This study investigated the compositional characteristics and shelf-life of Njangsa seed oil (NSO). Oil from Njangsa had a high polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) content of which alpha eleostearic acid (α-ESA), an unusual conjugated linoleic acid was the most prevalent (about 52%). Linoleic acid was also present in appreciable amounts (approximately 34%). Our investigations also indicated that the acid-catalyzed transesterification of NSO resulted in lower yields of α-ESA methyl esters, due to isomerization, a phenomenon which was not observed under basic conditions...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624571/age-related-changes-of-cortical-excitability-and-connectivity-in-healthy-humans-non-invasive-evaluation-of-sensorimotor-network-by-means-of-tms-eeg
#7
Florinda Ferreri, Andrea Guerra, Luca Vollero, David Ponzo, Sara Maatta, Esa Mervaala, Giulio Iannello, Vincenzo Di Lazzaro
The sensorimotor cortical system undergoes structural and functional changes across its lifespan. Some of these changes are physiological and parallel the normal aging process, while others might represent pathophysiological mechanisms underlying neurodegenerative disorders. In the last years, the study of possible age-related modifications in brain sensorimotor functional characteristics has been the focus of several research projects. Here we have used the transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)-electroencephalography (EEG) navigated co-registration to investigate the influence of physiological aging on the excitability and connectivity of the human sensorimotor cortical system...
June 15, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620259/standardization-of-dot-enzyme-linked-immmunosorbent-assay-for-the-diagnosis-of-bovine-visceral-schistosomiasis
#8
Kommu Sudhakar, G S Sreenivasa Murthy, Gaddam Rajeshwari
AIM: Bovine visceral schistosomiasis has been reported as an important disease entity as it affects animal health, productivity, causes economic losses due to liver condemnation, and produces a high morbidity. This study was conducted to standardize an easy, reliable dot-enzyme-linked immmunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the diagnosis of visceral schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma spindale and to know the prevalence rate in and around Hyderabad. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A dot-ELISA was standardized in the laboratory using whole worm antigen (WWA) and excretory-secretory antigen (ESA) of S...
May 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619249/metabolism-of-sex-steroids-is-influenced-by-acquired-adiposity-a-study-of-young-adult-male-monozygotic-twin-pairs
#9
Veera Vihma, Jussi Naukkarinen, Ursula Turpeinen, Esa Hämäläinen, Jaakko Kaprio, Aila Rissanen, Sini Heinonen, Antti Hakkarainen, Jesper Lundbom, Nina Lundbom, Tomi S Mikkola, Matti J Tikkanen, Kirsi H Pietiläinen
Obesity and ageing are associated with lower serum testosterone levels in men. How fat distribution or adipose tissue metabolism, independent of genetic factors and age, are related to sex steroid metabolism is less clear. We studied the associations between adiposity and serum sex hormone concentrations, and mRNA expression of genes regulating sex hormone metabolism in adipose tissue in young adult male monozygotic (MZ) twin pairs. The subjects [n=18 pairs; mean age, 32 years; individual body mass indexes (BMIs) 22-36kg/m(2)] included 9 male MZ twin pairs discordant for BMI [intra-pair difference (Δ) in BMI ≥3kg/m(2)]...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614331/precise-determination-on-the-upconversion-processes-of-the-ultraviolet-upconversion-fluorescence-of-ho-sup-3-sup-doped-y-sub-2-sub-o-sub-3-sub-ceramic-by-excitation-of-a-532-nm-continuous-wave-laser
#10
Feng Qin, Hua Zhao, Moyang Lv, Leipeng Li, Yuan Zhou, Zhengjia Wang, Yangdong Zheng, Zhiguo Zhang, Wenwu Cao
Aiming at developing a Ho<sup>3+</sup>-based continuous-wave ultraviolet laser, the method of determining the weight of the excited-state absorption (ESA) process occupied in the populating of the D<sub>3</sub>3 level is studied. Using the rate equation model, the weight is found to be related to the weighting factors of the double-exponential decay components of the D<sub>3</sub>3 level. Using time-resolved spectroscopy, the weight of the ESA process for Y<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> ceramic doped with 0...
June 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611049/comprehensive-evaluation-of-protein-coding-mononucleotide-microsatellites-in-microsatellite-unstable-colorectal-cancer
#11
Johanna Kondelin, Alexandra E Gylfe, Sofie Lundgren, Tomas Tanskanen, Jiri Hamberg, Mervi Aavikko, Kimmo Palin, Heikki Ristolainen, Riku Katainen, Eevi Kaasinen, Minna Taipale, Jussi Taipale, Laura Renkonen-Sinisalo, Heikki Järvinen, Jan Böhm, Jukka-Pekka Mecklin, Pia Vahteristo, Sari Tuupanen, Lauri A Aaltonen, Esa Pitkänen
<span style="background-color: white;">Approximately 15% of colorectal cancers (CRC) exhibit microsatellite instability (MSI), which leads to accumulation of a large numbers of small insertions and deletions (indels). Genes that provide growth advantage to cells via loss-of-function mutations in microsatellites are called MSI target genes. Several criteria to define these genes have been suggested, one of them being simple mutation frequency. Microsatellite mutation rate, however, depends on the length and nucleotide context of the microsatellite...
June 13, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608940/association-between-resistance-to-erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-and-carnitine-profile-in-patients-on-maintenance-hemodialysis
#12
Daigo Kamei, Ken Tsuchiya, Kosaku Nitta, Michio Mineshima, Takashi Akiba
OBJECTIVE: Patients on dialysis are in a chronic carnitine-deficient state. This condition may be associated with abnormalities in fatty acid and organic acid metabolism; however, the details are unknown. We investigated the association between carnitine profiles before and after dialysis and the erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) resistance index (ERI), which is a significant prognostic factor in patients on maintenance hemodialysis. DESIGN AND METHODS: cross-sectional study...
June 13, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608538/effects-of-dietary-red-yeast-sporidiobolus-pararoseus-on-production-performance-and-egg-quality-of-laying-hens
#13
W Tapingkae, K Panyachai, M Yachai, H V Doan
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary red yeast (Sporidiobolus pararoseus) on production performance and egg quality of laying hens. A total of 200 Esa Brown laying hens (23 weeks of age) were allocated equally to negative control group (no yeast supplement); positive control group (2 g/kg of Saccharomyces cerevisiae); 0.5, 1, 2 g/kg red yeast respectively. The experiment was lasted for 12 weeks. Feed intake, hen-day egg production and egg weight were not different between control and supplemented groups...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608224/concordance-between-the-old-and-new-diagnostic-criteria-for-periprosthetic-joint-infection
#14
Meeri Honkanen, Esa Jämsen, Matti Karppelin, Reetta Huttunen, Outi Lyytikäinen, Jaana Syrjänen
PURPOSE: There is no uniform definition for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). New diagnostic criteria were formulated in an international consensus meeting in 2013 and adopted by Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in 2016. The purpose of this study is to compare the new diagnostic criteria with the old CDC criteria from the year 1992. METHODS: Patients, who had been treated for PJI of hip or knee from 2002 to 2014, in a tertiary care hospital, were identified...
June 12, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607408/differences-in-pharmacodynamic-responses-to-rocuronium-in-normal-or-injured-orbicularis-oris-are-associated-with-expression-of-acetylcholine-receptor-subunits
#15
Yong Huang, Yian Xing, Hong Wang, Lianhua Chen, Shitong Li
Previous research has indicated that differences in sensitivities to muscle relaxants exist between facial nerve- and somatic nerve-innervated muscles. Here, we report that the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) values for rocuronium were significantly larger in the normal orbicularis oris than those in the gastrocnemius. Increased IC50 values and reduced twitch tension were observed after facial nerve injury. The normal orbicularis oris had a smaller muscle fiber cross-sectional area (CSA) and a larger ratio of endplate surface area (ESA) to muscle fiber CSA (ESA/CSA), but no difference was found in the density of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subunits on endplates between normal orbicularis oris and gastrocnemius...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605193/visible-to-nir-electrochromic-device-prepared-from-a-thermally-polymerizable-electroactive-organic-monomer
#16
Monika Wałęsa-Chorab, W G Skene
A monomer (1) consisting of a benzothiadiazole core flanked by two triphenylamines and two styrene pendant moieties was prepared. The monomer was fluorescent with its emission spanning 145 nm in the visible, contingent on the organic solvent used for the measurement. In addition to its positive solvatochromism, the absolute fluorescence quantum yield (Φfl) was consistently >20% with values >80% being measured in hexane, toluene, diethyl ether, and toluene. 1 could be reversibly oxidized with an oxidation potential of 880 mV vs SCE...
June 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601366/peri-apneic-hemodynamic-reactions-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#17
Anu Muraja-Murro, Outi Nieminen, Petro Julkunen, Juha Töyräs, Tomi Laitinen, Esa Mervaala
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) increases cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Little is known on acute peri-apneic hemodynamic alterations due to apneas. We assessed these rapid changes and how duration of apnea might contribute to them. Eight patients with severe OSA were studied with polysomnography including continuous blood pressure monitoring. Peri-apneic hemodynamic alterations, heart rate, blood pressure, stroke volume, cardiac output and peripheral resistance, were assessed in short (<20s) and long (>27s) apneas...
May 31, 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591818/yokukansan-for-the-treatment-of-preoperative-anxiety-and-postoperative-delirium-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-a-retrospective-study
#18
Saho Wada, Hironobu Inoguchi, Takatoshi Hirayama, Yutaka J Matsuoka, Yosuke Uchitomi, Hiroki Ochiai, Shunsuke Tsukamoto, Dai Shida, Yukihide Kanemitsu, Ken Shimizu
Background: Yokukansan (YKS), a Japanese traditional herbal medicine for neurosis and insomnia, is speculated to be useful for perioperative psychiatric symptoms in cancer patients, but there exists little empirical evidence. This study provides preliminary data about the efficacy, feasibility, and side effects of YKS for the treatment of preoperative anxiety and postoperative delirium in cancer patients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of colorectal cancer patients who took YKS for preoperative anxiety, evaluating the following: (1) patient characteristics, (2) feasibility of taking YKS, (3) changes in preoperative anxiety based on the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scale and Edmonton Symptom Assessment System-revised (ESAS-r-anxiety), (4) incidence of postoperative delirium and (5) YKS-related side effects...
June 7, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581804/electron-and-ion-dynamics-of-the-solar-wind-interaction-with-a-weakly-outgassing-comet
#19
Jan Deca, Andrey Divin, Pierre Henri, Anders Eriksson, Stefano Markidis, Vyacheslav Olshevsky, Mihály Horányi
Using a 3D fully kinetic approach, we disentangle and explain the ion and electron dynamics of the solar wind interaction with a weakly outgassing comet. We show that, to first order, the dynamical interaction is representative of a four-fluid coupled system. We self-consistently simulate and identify the origin of the warm and suprathermal electron distributions observed by ESA's Rosetta mission to comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko and conclude that a detailed kinetic treatment of the electron dynamics is critical to fully capture the complex physics of mass-loading plasmas...
May 19, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575883/effects-of-erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-on-intestinal-flora-in-peritoneal-fibrosis
#20
Muammer Bilici, Ibrahim Ilker Oz, Sevil Uygun Ilikhan, Ali Borazan
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the effects of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) on intestinal flora in peritoneal fibrosis. METHODS AND METHODS: Twenty-four Wistar albino rats were divided into 3 groups as the control group, which received 0.9% saline (3 mL/d) intraperitoneally; the chlorhexidine gluconate (CH) group, which received 3 mL/d injections of 0.1% CH intraperitoneally, and the ESA group, which received 3 mL/d injections of 0.1% CH intraperitoneally and epoetin beta (3 doses of 20 IU/kg/wk) subcutaneously...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
keyword
keyword
23769
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"