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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343208/legal-features-of-the-drug-advertising
#1
Vitalii M Pashkov, Andrii A Olefir, Oleksiy Y Bytyak
INTRODUCTION: In the article discribed current trends of advertising in the pharmaceutical market and foreign experience of legal regulation of these relations. As for the advertising of medicines identified it's symptoms, types, basic rules and prohibitions. Modern pharmaceutical companies can not successfully carry out economic activities without advertising. Besides we can mention some fundamental changes in society (information overload, universal access to internet, social media, freedom of movement of goods, labor and finance), also self-medication becomes more popular...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334772/transparency-policies-of-the-european-medicines-agency-has-the-paradigm-shifted
#2
Daria Kim
This article reflects on the state of play as regards access to non-summary clinical trial data in the European Union (EU). In particular, it examines the scope of access under the recent transparency policies of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) that attempt to break away from the presumptively confidential treatment of clinical trial data. In light of the emerging case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union on clinical trial data disclosure, it remains highly uncertain what data, and under what conditions, can be lawfully released by the EMA...
February 23, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324908/-magnetic-sentinel-lymph-node-detection-in-prostate-cancer-after-intraprostatic-injection-of-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#3
Alexander Winter, Svenja Engels, Tobias Kowald, Tina Susanne Paulo, Holger Gerullis, Ajay Chavan, Friedhelm Wawroschek
In prostate cancer, reliable information about the lymph node status is of great importance for accurate staging and the optimal planning of treatment. Despite recent advances in imaging, the histological detection of metastases, or pelvic lymphadenectomy (PLND), continues to be the most reliable method for lymph node staging in clinically localised prostate cancer, especially as this procedure enables the detection of small or micrometastases. Radioisotope-guided sentinel PLND (sPLND) demonstrates high sensitivity in the detection of lymph node metastases as well as low morbidity in prostate cancer because of the targeted removal of a relatively small number of lymph nodes...
March 21, 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320024/-therapeutic-decisions-concerning-severe-neurological-diseases-and-at-the-end-of-life
#4
Christoph Burkhard Lücking
Modern medicine increasingly enables survival of life-threatening diseases. On the other side, however, especially in Neurology, the questions have to be addressed how intensive the initial treatment should be and how to deal with residual states when severe functional or cognitive deficits are expected. In these cases, it is not only important to decide which medical measures are appropriate for the patient, but also whether, given the prognosis, the patient would agree with the suggested measures. This article first describes the basis for each medical action, i...
March 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316882/sympathy-for-the-devil-a-conservation-strategy-for-devil-and-manta-rays
#5
Julia M Lawson, Sonja V Fordham, Mary P O'Malley, Lindsay N K Davidson, Rachel H L Walls, Michelle R Heupel, Guy Stevens, Daniel Fernando, Ania Budziak, Colin A Simpfendorfer, Isabel Ender, Malcolm P Francis, Giuseppe Notarbartolo di Sciara, Nicholas K Dulvy
BACKGROUND: International trade for luxury products, medicines, and tonics poses a threat to both terrestrial and marine wildlife. The demand for and consumption of gill plates (known as Peng Yu Sai, "Fish Gill of Mobulid Ray") from devil and manta rays (subfamily Mobulinae, collectively referred to as mobulids) poses a significant threat to these marine fishes because of their extremely low productivity. The demand for these gill plates has driven an international trade supplied by largely unmonitored and unregulated catches from target and incidental fisheries around the world...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316201/-review-on-construction-of-legal-system-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-in-china
#6
B S Sang, X T Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299244/large-scale-health-information-database-and-privacy-protection
#7
Ryuichi Yamamoto
Japan was once progressive in the digitalization of healthcare fields but unfortunately has fallen behind in terms of the secondary use of data for public interest. There has recently been a trend to establish large-scale health databases in the nation, and a conflict between data use for public interest and privacy protection has surfaced as this trend has progressed. Databases for health insurance claims or for specific health checkups and guidance services were created according to the law that aims to ensure healthcare for the elderly; however, there is no mention in the act about using these databases for public interest in general...
September 2016: Japan Medical Association Journal: JMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295321/-tampering-to-death-a-fatal-codeine-intoxication-due-to-a-homemade-purification-of-a-medical-formulation
#8
Paolo Fais, Nicola Pigaiani, Giovanni Cecchetto, Massimo Montisci, Rossella Gottardo, Guido Viel, Jennifer Paola Pascali, Franco Tagliaro
Many homemade tamper processes of medical codeine formulations are available on selected "forums" on the Internet, where recreational codeine users claim to be able to purify codeine by removing additives, such as acetaminophen, to avoid or limit adverse effects. In this work, it is reported and discussed a fatal case of codeine intoxication. The findings of objects such as jars, filters, and tablets, and amounts of unknown liquid material at the death scene investigation suggested a fatal codeine intoxication after the tampering procedure called "cold water extraction...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287035/biological-basis-of-radiation-protection-needs-rejuvenation
#9
Tatjana Paunesku, Benjamin Haley, Antone Brooks, Gayle E Woloschak
PURPOSE: Human beings encounter radiation in many different situations - from proximity to radioactive waste sites to participation in medical procedures using X-rays etc. Limits for radiation exposures are legally regulated; however, current radiation protection policy does not explicitly acknowledge that biological, cellular and molecular effects of low doses and low dose rates of radiation differ from effects induced by medium and high dose radiation exposures. Recent technical developments in biology and medicine, from single cell techniques to big data computational research, have enabled new approaches for study of biology of low doses of radiation...
March 13, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276780/utility-of-registries-for-post-marketing-evaluation-of-medicines-a-survey-of-swedish-health-care-quality-registries-from-a-regulatory-perspective
#10
Nils Feltelius, Rolf Gedeborg, Lennart Holm, Björn Zethelius
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe content and procedures in some selected Swedish health care quality registries (QRs) of relevance to regulatory decision-making. METHODS: A workshop was organized with participation of seven Swedish QRs which subsequently answered a questionnaire regarding registry content on drug treatments and outcomes. Patient populations, coverage, data handling and quality control, as well as legal and ethical aspects are presented...
March 3, 2017: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274222/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-among-health-care-providers-regarding-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-trinidad-and-tobago
#11
Mandreker Bahall, George Legall
BACKGROUND: Health care providers are often ill prepared to interact about or make acceptable conclusions on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) despite its widespread use. We explored the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of health care providers regarding CAM. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March 1 and July 31, 2015 among health care providers working mainly in the public sector in Trinidad and Tobago. A 34-item questionnaire was distributed and used for data collection...
March 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261528/action-research-on-development-and-application-of-internet-of-things-services-in-hospital
#12
Arum Park, Hyejung Chang, Kyoung Jun Lee
OBJECTIVES: Services based on the Internet of Things (IoT) technologies have emerged in various business environments. To enhance health service quality and maximize benefits, this study applied an IoT technology based on NFC and iBeacon as an omni-channel service for patient care in hospitals. METHODS: Application of the IoT technology based on NFC and iBeacon was conducted in a general hospital during August 2015 through June 2016, and the development and evaluation results were aligned to an action research framework...
January 2017: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252619/-the-problems-of-professional-competence-in-the-complementary-professional-forensic-medical-expertise-programs-of-advanced-training-and-professional-requalification
#13
A B Shadymov, S A Fominykh, V P Dik
This article reports the results of the analysis of the new tendencies and normatives of the working legislation in the field of additional professional education in the speciality of «forensic medical expertise» and the application of the competency-based approach to the training of specialists in the framework of professional requalification and advanced training programs. Special attention is given to the problems of organization of the educational process and the elaboration of additional training programs based on the competency approach to the training of specialists at the Department of Forensic Medicine and Law with the professor V...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251480/detection-and-volume-estimation-of-artificial-hematomas-in-the-subcutaneous-fatty-tissue-comparison-of-different-mr-sequences-at-3-0-t
#14
Kathrin Ogris, Andreas Petrovic, Sylvia Scheicher, Hanna Sprenger, Martin Urschler, Eva Maria Hassler, Kathrin Yen, Eva Scheurer
In legal medicine, reliable localization and analysis of hematomas in subcutaneous fatty tissue is required for forensic reconstruction. Due to the absence of ionizing radiation, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is particularly suited to examining living persons with forensically relevant injuries. However, there is limited experience regarding MRI signal properties of hemorrhage in soft tissue. The aim of this study was to evaluate MR sequences with respect to their ability to show high contrast between hematomas and subcutaneous fatty tissue as well as to reliably determine the volume of artificial hematomas...
March 1, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250675/determination-of-the-frequency-of-the-most-immunogenic-rhesus-antigens-among-saudi-donors-in-king-abdulaziz-medical-city-riyadh
#15
Mohieldin Elsayid, Faris Saeed Al Qahtani, Abdulaziz Mohammed Al Qarni, Faisal Almajed, Faisal Al Saqri, Shoeb Qureshi
BACKGROUND: The Rhesus (Rh) blood group system is one of the most polymorphic and immunogenic systems known in humans, because of its immunogenicity along with ABO grouping, RhD antigen testing was made mandatory before issuing a compatible blood. At present, there are five major antigens, i.e., D, C, E, c, and e in Rh blood group system. AIMS: The aim of this study is to provide essential data about the distribution of the major Rh antigens and the most common phenotype among the Saudi population...
January 2017: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245008/-analysis-of-tasks-of-occupational-health-services-accomplished-in-poland-1997-2014-do-we-exploit-the-full-potential-of-prophylactic-examinations-of-workers
#16
Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Mariola Wojda, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa, Wojciech Hanke, Konrad Rydzyński
BACKGROUND: Mandatory medical reports can be used to evaluate the scope of activity of occupational health services (OHS), including the number and kind of services. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis comprised data for the period 1997-2014, derived from mandatory reports MZ-35A submitted by OHS units. RESULTS: During the analyzed period the number of occupational medicine physicians decreased from 8507 to 6741, while the number of OHS units - responsible for prophylactic care - increased from 4967 to 6261...
February 28, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245001/fatal-accidents-at-work-in-agriculture-associated-with-alcohol-intoxication-in-lower-silesia-in-poland
#17
Tomasz Jurek, Marta Rorat
BACKGROUND: Determining the prevalence of alcohol intoxication and the level of intoxication in victims of fatal occupational accidents is necessary to improve work safety. The circumstances of the accident and the time between alcohol consumption and death are important factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 18 935 medico-legal autopsy reports and toxicological reports performed in the Department of Forensic Medicine at the Wroclaw Medical University, Poland, in the years 1991-2014...
February 28, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240211/-toward-dynamic-informed-consent
#18
Henri-Corto Stoeklé, Jean-François Deleuze, Guillaume Vogt, Christian Hervé
"Personalized medicine" or "data medicine" should make it possible to use mass data to tailor patient treatment. These data are collected from analyses of biological samples, combined with clinical data. At a time when all sorts of information are instantly available via the Internet, the protection of genetic data, in particular, raises new issues with regard to the nature, means, status and usage of these data. Solutions to these problems are required, together with a clear, unambiguous legal, moral and ethical stance, to facilitate the spatial and temporal development of personalized medicine...
February 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238498/legal-social-ethical-and-medical-perspectives-on-the-care-of-the-statutory-rape-adolescent-in-the-emergency-department
#19
Shiu-Lin Tsai, Elvira Acosta, Toni Cardenas, Jeremy K Sigall, Kevin Van Geem
Rapes involving adolescents who present to the emergency department (ED) are fraught with ethical and legal complexities and are often emotionally turbulent for patients, their families, and medical providers. Management requires a thoughtful approach from multiple standpoints, including legal, psychosocial, ethical, and medical ones. However, there is no standardized sexual assault education for emergency medicine residents, and management practices vary widely.(1,2) We present a hypothetical statutory rape case based on real cases that occurred in New York City and bring together the perspectives of an attorney on the legal parameters, two social workers on the psychosocial issues, an ethicist on the moral considerations, and a pediatric emergency physician-who is also a sexual assault forensic examiner-on the medical treatments...
February 24, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225731/queer-frontiers-in-medicine-a-structural-competency-approach
#20
Cameron A Donald, Sayantani DasGupta, Jonathan M Metzl, Kristen L Eckstrand
In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) published a report proposing qualifiers of competence to guide medical educators towards training physicians to appropriately care for individuals who are or may be lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT); gender nonconforming (GNC); and/or born with differences in sex development (DSD). These qualifiers provide content and context to an existing framework heavily used in competency-based medical education, emphasizing individual and interpersonal abilities to enhance care delivered to individuals identifying as LGBT, GNC, and/or born with DSD...
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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