Read by QxMD icon Read

Legal medicine

Guang Yang, Jing Xu, Xiu-Lian Chi, Chun-Xin Zang, Ling Que
The three objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) are the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of benefit sarising from the utilization of genetic resources.The Nagoya Protocol significantly advances the CBD's third objective by providing a strong basis for greater legal certainty and transparency for both providers and users of genetic resources.In June 2016, the Chinese government approved the accession to the Nagoya Protocol...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Michael L Wilson, Kenneth A Fleming, Modupe A Kuti, Lai Meng Looi, Nestor Lago, Kun Ru
As global efforts accelerate to implement the Sustainable Development Goals and, in particular, universal health coverage, access to high-quality and timely pathology and laboratory medicine (PALM) services will be needed to support health-care systems that are tasked with achieving these goals. This access will be most challenging to achieve in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), which have a disproportionately large share of the global burden of disease but a disproportionately low share of global health-care resources, particularly PALM services...
March 14, 2018: Lancet
Leandro Nóbrega, Ricardo Jorge Dinis-Oliveira
New psychoactive substances (NPS), often referred as 'legal highs' or 'designer drugs', are derivatives and analogs of existing psychoactive drugs that are introduced in the recreational market to circumvent existing legislation on drugs of abuse. This work aims to review the state-of-the-art regarding chemical, molecular pharmacology, and in vitro and in vivo data on toxicokinetics of the potent synthetic cathinone α-pyrrolidinovalerophenone (α-PVP or flakka or zombie drug). Chemical, pharmacological, toxicological, and clinical effects of α-PVP were searched in PubMed (U...
March 14, 2018: Drug Metabolism Reviews
Norita Hussein, Stephen F Weng, Joe Kai, Jos Kleijnen, Nadeem Qureshi
BACKGROUND: Globally, about five per cent of children are born with congenital or genetic disorders. The most common autosomal recessive conditions are thalassaemia, sickle cell disease, cystic fibrosis and Tay-Sachs disease, with higher carrier rates in specific patient populations. Identifying and counselling couples at genetic risk of the conditions before pregnancy enables them to make fully informed reproductive decisions, with some of these choices not being available if genetic counselling is only offered in an antenatal setting...
March 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
(no author information available yet)
Cardiac rupture caused by traffic accident: Cases report and a literature review DOI: 10.1177/0025817218759164 Medico-Legal Journal In this article, six co-authors were omitted in the initial OnlineFirst version. The online version has been updated to list all co-authors and affiliations as below. S Zerbo1 , E Ventura Spagnolo1 , S Salerno2 , G Lo Re2 , A Guajana1 , A Alongi1 and A Argo1 1 Dpt. For Health Promotion, Maternal and Child Care, University of Palermo, Section of Legal Medicine. Palermo - Italy2 Dpt of Radiology, University of Palermo...
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
John W Wax, Amy W An, Nicole Kosier, Timothy E Quill
Voluntary stopping of eating and drinking (VSED) is a deliberate, self-initiated attempt to hasten death in the setting of suffering refractory to optimal palliative interventions or prolonged dying that a person finds intolerable. Individuals who consider VSED tend to be older, have a serious but not always imminently terminal illness, place a high value on independence, and have significant illness burden. VSED can theoretically be performed independent of clinician assistance and therefore avoids many of the ethical and legal concerns associated with physician-assisted dying or other palliative measures of last resort, However, VSED is an intense process fraught with new sources of somatic and emotional suffering for individuals and their caregivers, so VSED is best supervised by an experienced, well-informed clinician who can provide appropriate pre-intervention assessment, anticipatory guidance, medical treatment of symptoms, and emotional support...
March 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Ellen Fm 't Hoen, Jacquelyn Veraldi, Brigit Toebes, Hans V Hogerzeil
Millions of people, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, lack access to effective pharmaceuticals, often because they are unaffordable. The 2001 Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO) adopted the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) Agreement and Public Health. The declaration recognized the implications of intellectual property rights for both new medicine development and the price of medicines. The declaration outlined measures, known as TRIPS flexibilities, that WTO Members can take to ensure access to medicines for all...
March 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
J Jason Payne-James, Margaret M Stark, Bernadette Butler, Carol Seymour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
Alexia Delbreil, Mélanie Voyer, Michel Sapanet, Laurence Leturmy
Only a physician specialized in forensic medicine is allowed to process a autopsy legal. The 2011 reform of forensic medicine aimed to homogenize and enhance thanatological practices over French state territory. According to the law, biological samples withdrawn during an autopsy can't be given back to the families after analysis(art. 230-30 CPP). Respecting the human body and restoring their physical aspect are mandatory by law (art. 230-29 CPP). After a autopsy legal, dead bodies must be given back to their relatives as soon as possible...
March 8, 2018: La Presse Médicale
F Mathy, A Malchair
In line with Evidence-based medicine and more recently with the emergence of Evidence-based practice in psychology, what are the current trends in medical prescriptions in child psychiatry? The use of psychotropic drugs for children and adolescents is constantly increasing, although most pharmacological prescriptions in child psychiatry result in off-label drug use. This article aims at understanding the legal and scientific framework that regulates the prescription of psychopharmacological treatments for children and adolescents...
February 2018: Revue Médicale de Liège
Camilla Stenfelt, Gabriela Armuand, Kjell Wånggren, Agneta Skoog Svanberg, Gunilla Sydsjö
INTRODUCTION: To investigate attitudes and opinions towards surrogacy among physicians working within obstetrics and reproductive medicine in Sweden. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Physicians working within medically assisted reproduction (MAR), antenatal care and obstetrics were invited to participate in a cross sectional nationwide survey study. The study-specific questionnaire measured attitudes and experiences in three domains: Attitudes towards surrogacy, Assessment of prospective surrogate mothers, and Antenatal and obstetric care for surrogate mothers...
March 7, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Thomas Müller, Heike Martiny, Eberhard Merz, Jens Döffert, Matthias Wüstner, Wolfgang Lessel, Hans Heynemann, Thomas Enzmann, Heiko Dudwiesus, Dieter Nuernberg, Christian Tesch, Marc André Weber, Siegfried Krishnabhakdi, Jörg Heil, Alexander Wree, Christian Jenssen
Microbial contamination of ultrasound probes for percutaneous or endoscopic use is common. However, infectious diseases caused by transmission of microorganisms by US procedures have rarely been reported. In Germany, legal regulations address hygiene in ultrasound procedures. Based on these regulations and the available literature, an expert panel of the German Society of Ultrasound in Medicine (DEGUM) has formulated sophisticated recommendations on hygienic measures in percutaneous and endoscopic US, including US-guided interventions...
March 6, 2018: Ultraschall in der Medizin
J Adamec, Petra Dorfner, M Graw, S Lochner, S N Kunz
Injuries resulting from blows with beer steins are a frequent occurrence during annual autumn fairs or at beer halls in South Germany and Austria. The majority of these cases are tried in court and thus being assessed by a forensic medicine expert. The article at hand gives a short overview on the injury potential of one-litre beer steins and explains the key variables to consider when analyzing beer stein injuries. On the basis of representative cases, which were assessed by specialists from the Institute of Legal Medicine of the Munich University over the last 5 years, the main biomechanical aspects and resulting injuries of one-litre beer stein assaults are discussed...
March 4, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Thusitha Mabotuwana, Vadiraj Hombal, Sandeep Dalal, Christopher S Hall, Martin Gunn
PURPOSE: Radiology reports often contain follow-up imaging recommendations. However, these recommendations are not always followed up by referring physicians and patients. Failure to comply in a timely manner can lead to delayed treatment, poor patient outcomes, unnecessary testing, lost revenue, and legal liability. Therefore, the primary objective of this research was to determine adherence rates to follow-up recommendations. METHODS: We extracted radiology examination-related data, including report text, for examinations performed between January 1, 2010, and February 28, 2017, from the radiology information system at an academic institution...
March 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Matthew Renner, Carol Newark, Bradley J Bartos, Richard McCleary, Nicholas Scurich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
E Parimbelli, B Bottalico, E Losiouk, M Tomasi, A Santosuosso, G Lanzola, S Quaglini, R Bellazzi
OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of the article is to raise awareness among all the involved stakeholders about the risks and legal implications connected to the development and use of modern telemedicine systems. Particular focus is given to the class of "active" telemedicine systems, that imply a real-world, non-mediated, interaction with the final user. A secondary objective is to give an overview of the European legal framework that applies to these systems, in the effort to avoid defensive medicine practices and fears, which might be a barrier to their broader adoption...
April 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Anthony Booker, Anastasia Agapouda, Débora A Frommenwiler, Francesca Scotti, Eike Reich, Michael Heinrich
BACKGROUND: St John's wort products (Hypericum perforatum L.) are widely available for sale in many countries including the UK via the internet. In the UK, these products are required to hold either a marketing authorisation or Traditional herbal registration (THR) to be sold legally. The THR and other regulatory schemes help to ensure product safety and quality providing an example of best practice but there is a risk if both regulated and un-regulated products continue to be available to consumers...
February 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Neeraj Sharma, Mohan Bairwa, B Gowthamghosh, S D Gupta, D K Mangal
BACKGROUND: Globally, road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death among those aged 15-29 years. However, road traffic injury research has not received adequate attention from the scientific community in low- and middle-income countries, including India. The present study aims to provide a bibliometric overview of research assessing road traffic injuries in India. METHODS: We used Scopus to extract relevant research in road traffic injuries published from 1991 to 2017...
March 1, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
Diane d'Audiffret Van Haecke, Sandrine de Montgolfier
Health professionals have a role to play in assisting patients to communicate genetic information to their relatives. In France, a specific unique legal framework has been implemented concerning this issue. We questioned professionals about their practice and how it has evolved in this new frame. The French law has opted to lay responsibility for disclosure on the person concerned by a positive test result, without totally excluding some responsibility on the part of the professionals involved, in the information to be disclosed and in the transmission of the information if a patient refuses to do it themselves (indirect disclosure)...
February 27, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Miranda A H Horvath, Kristina Massey
INTRODUCTION: The coping strategies, resilience and psychological distress of members of the Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine (FFLM) were measured in an attempt to establish how they are affected by, and accommodate potentially traumatic encounters with patients. Belief in a just world was also measured as it was deemed to be a mediating factor in the psychological distress exhibited in the medical practitioners who participated in this study. METHODS: 120 members of the FFLM (65 females, 54 males and 1 undisclosed) volunteered to complete an online survey...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"