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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222476/-positionpaper-on-telemonitoring-in-sleep-related-breathing-disorders
#1
W Randerath, M Bögel, C Franke, A Hellmann, B Jany, G Nilius, T Penzel, T Voshaar, A Wiater
The use of telemonitoring in the care of patients with Sleep-related Breathing Disorders (SBD) can enhance medical support significantly. Telemonitoring aims at helping physicians to detect therapy problems early and thus improve patients' therapy adherence. Diagnostics and therapy decisions in the telemonitoring process nevertheless remain the responsibility of sleep specialists. The selection of data monitored, their evaluation and resulting consequences fall to the physician, who makes decisions and prescribes therapy in consultation with the patient...
February 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220762/drug-detection-in-breath-non-invasive-assessment-of-illicit-or-pharmaceutical-drugs
#2
Phillip Trefz, Svend Kamysek, Patricia Fuchs, Pritam Sukul, Jochen Schubert, Wolfram Miekisch
Breath analysis not only holds great potential for the development of new non-invasive diagnostic methods, but also for the identification and follow up of drug levels in breath. This is of interest for both, forensic and medical science. On the one hand, the detection of drugs of abuse in exhaled breath - similar to the well-known breath alcohol tests - would be highly desirable as an alternative to blood or urine analysis in situations such as police controls for drugged driving. The noninvasive detection of drugs and their metabolites is thus of great interest in forensic science, especially since marijuana is becoming legalized in certain parts of the U...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217596/distribution-of-abo-and-rh-types-in-voluntary-blood-donors-in-jharkhand-area-as-a-study-conducted-by-rims-ranchi
#3
Anu Singh, Ramesh Kumar Srivastava, Kabita S Deogharia, Kranti Kumar Singh
BACKGROUND: This study was done to know the distribution and frequencies of blood groups among blood donors attending voluntary blood donation camps organized by the Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS), Ranchi, Jharkhand so that demand and supply ratio of the four blood groups can be maintained so that no patient dies due to lack of a particular blood group. CONTEXT: Up till now about 400 red cells antigen have been identified. The majority follow Mendelian inheritance...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210521/the-right-to-die-in-chronic-disorders-of-consciousness-can-we-avoid-the-slippery-slope-argument
#4
REVIEW
Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, Antonino Naro, Rosaria De Luca, Margherita Russo, Lory Caccamo, Alfredo Manuli, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti
Managing individuals with chronic disorders of consciousness raises ethical questions about the appropriateness of maintaining life-sustaining treatments and end-of-life decisions for those who are unable to make decisions for themselves. For many years, the positions fostering the "sanctity" of human life (i.e., life is inviolable in any case) have led to maintaining life-sustaining treatments (including artificial nutrition and hydration) in patients with disorders of consciousness, allowing them to live for as long as possible...
November 2016: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210321/telemedicine-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#5
Nicolino Ambrosino, Guido Vagheggini, Stefano Mazzoleni, Michele Vitacca
: Telemedicine is a medical application of advanced technology to disease management. This modality may provide benefits also to patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Different devices and systems are used. The legal problems associated with telemedicine are still controversial. Economic advantages for healthcare systems, though potentially high, are still poorly investigated. A European Respiratory Society Task Force has defined indications, follow-up, equipment, facilities, legal and economic issues of tele-monitoring of COPD patients including those undergoing home mechanical ventilation...
December 2016: Breathe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204935/a-review-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-aesthetic-surgery-patients-and-the-legal-implications
#6
Iliana E Sweis, Jamie Spitz, David R Barry, Mimis Cohen
BACKGROUND: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is an often under-recognized yet severe psychiatric illness. There is limited guidance for plastic surgeons in the USA in how to recognize and manage patients with BDD and protect themselves from potential litigation and harm. Therefore, in collaboration with legal counsel, we remind our profession of the serious nature of patients with BDD, provide warning signs for recognizing BDD, and critically evaluate the validity of informed consent and the legal ramifications of operating on such patients in the USA...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194860/a-review-of-decellurization-methods-caused-by-an-urgent-need-for-quality-control-of-cell-free-extracellular-matrix-scaffolds-and-their-role-in-regenerative-medicine
#7
REVIEW
Marek Kawecki, Wojciech Łabuś, Agnieszka Klama-Baryla, Diana Kitala, Malgorzata Kraut, Justyna Glik, Marcelina Misiuga, Mariusz Nowak, Tomasz Bielecki, Aleksandra Kasperczyk
The natural extracellular matrix (ECM),thanks to its specific properties (e.g., collagenous lattice, a reservoir of growth factors, ECM-cell anchoring areas, an optimal pH and CO2 ),ensures an optimal microenvironment for homeostatic and regenerative cell development. In the context of regenerative medicine, ECM is a lair for residual and infiltrative cells. The aim of the clinical usage of cell-free ECM scaffolds is the enhancement of tissue regeneration with possible minimization of an adverse host reaction on allogeneic or xenogeneic biomaterial...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186694/pattern-of-oral-maxillofacial-trauma-from-violence-against-women-and-its-associated-factors
#8
Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Kevan Guilherme Nóbrega Barbosa, Jéssica Antoniana Lira E Silva, Andreza Cristina de Lima Targino Massoni, Sérgio d'Avila
BACKGROUND/AIM: Violence against women is a global public health problem. The aim of this study was to characterize the profile of women victims of violence and identify factors associated with maxillofacial injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed based on an evaluation of 884 medico-legal and social records of women victims of physical aggression treated at the Center of Forensic Medicine and Dentistry in Brazil. The variables investigated were related to the socio-demographic characteristics of victims, circumstances of aggressions, and patterns of trauma...
February 10, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186608/-study-of-polymorphisms-of-hla-class-%C3%A2-a-b-c-and-class-%C3%A2-drb1-dqa1-dqb1-dpa1-dpb1-genes-among-ethnic-hans-from-southern-china
#9
Shizheng Jin, Hongyan Zou, Jianxin Zhen, Daming Wang, Liumei He, Zhihui Deng
OBJECTIVE: To study the genetic polymorphisms of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)- A, B, C, DRB1, DQA1, DQB1, DPA1and DPB1among ethnic Hans from southern China. METHODS: 481 randomly selected individuals were genotyped using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) sequence-based typing (SBT) method for the above genes. Their allele frequencies were determined by direct counting. RESULTS: In total, 28 HLA-A, 57 HLA-B, 28 HLA-C, 40 HLA-DRB1, 18 HLA-DQA1, 17 HLA-DQB1, 6 HLA-DPA1and 21 HLA-DPB1alleles were identified...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183741/patterns-of-homicide-in-north-tunisia-a-10-year-study-2005-2014
#10
Mehdi Ben Khelil, Fethia Farhani, Hana Harzallah, Mohamed Allouche, Meriem Gharbaoui, Ahmed Banasr, Anis Benzarti, Moncef Hamdoun
BACKGROUND: In Tunisia and in the Arab world, few data are available about homicide patterns. The aim of our study was to analyse the victims' profiles and the general pattern. METHODS: 636 homicide victims were autopsied at the Legal Medicine Department of Charles Nicolle Hospital in Tunis, over a period of 10 years (2005-2014). RESULTS: Victims were males in 79.7% with a male-to-female ratio of 3.93 and the average age was 37.7 years...
February 9, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180986/what-are-the-differences-in-injury-patterns-of-young-and-elderly-traffic-accident-fatalities-considering-death-on-scene-and-death-in-hospital
#11
Daniela Heinrich, Christopher Holzmann, Anja Wagner, Anja Fischer, Roman Pfeifer, Matthias Graw, Sylvia Schick
Older traffic participants have higher risks of injury than the population up to 65 years in case of comparable road traffic accidents and further, higher mortality rates at comparable injury severities. Rib fractures as risk factors are currently discussed. However, death on scene is associated with hardly survivable injuries and might not be a matter of neither rib fractures nor age. As 60% of traffic accident fatalities are estimated to die on scene, they are not captured in hospital-based trauma registries and injury patterns remain unknown...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177959/interprofessional-medical-legal-education-of-medical-students-assessing-the-benefits-for-addressing-social-determinants-of-health
#12
Robert Pettignano, Lisa Bliss, Susan McLaren, Sylvia Caley
PROBLEM: Screening tools exist to help identify patient issues related to social determinants of health (SDH), but solutions to many of these problems remain elusive to health care providers as they require legal solutions. Interprofessional medical-legal education is essential to optimizing health care delivery. APPROACH: In 2011, the authors implemented a four-session didactic interprofessional curriculum on medical-legal practice for third-year medical students at Morehouse School of Medicine...
February 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161290/safety-of-treatments-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-clinical-practice-guidelines-of-the-italian-group-for-the-study-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-ig-ibd
#13
Livia Biancone, Vito Annese, Sandro Ardizzone, Alessandro Armuzzi, Emma Calabrese, Flavio Caprioli, Fabiana Castiglione, Michele Comberlato, Mario Cottone, Silvio Danese, Marco Daperno, Renata D'Incà, Giuseppe Frieri, Walter Fries, Paolo Gionchetti, Anna Kohn, Giovanni Latella, Monica Milla, Ambrogio Orlando, Claudio Papi, Carmelina Petruzziello, Gabriele Riegler, Fernando Rizzello, Simone Saibeni, Maria Lia Scribano, Maurizio Vecchi, Piero Vernia, Gianmichele Meucci
Inflammatory bowel diseases are chronic conditions of unknown etiology, showing a growing incidence and prevalence in several countries, including Italy. Although the etiology of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis is unknown, due to the current knowledge regarding their pathogenesis, effective treatment strategies have been developed. Several guidelines are available regarding the efficacy and safety of available drug treatments for inflammatory bowel diseases. Nevertheless, national guidelines provide additional information adapted to local feasibility, costs and legal issues related to the use of the same drugs...
January 17, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159093/legal-and-regulatory-aspects-of-sleep-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Saiprakash B Venkateshiah, Romy Hoque, Lourdes M DelRosso, Nancy A Collop
Sleep disorders may interact with the law, making awareness important. Insufficient sleep and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are prevalent and associated with excessive sleepiness. Patients with excessive sleepiness may have civil or criminal liability if they fall asleep and cause a motor vehicle accident. Awareness of screening and treatment of OSA is increasing in certain industries. Parasomnia associated sleep-related violence represents a challenge to clinicians, who may be called on to consider parasomnia as a contributing, mitigating, or exculpatory factor in criminal proceedings...
March 2017: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155126/60%C3%A2-years-of-cimicifuga-racemosa-medicinal-products-clinical-research-milestones-current-study-findings-and-current-development
#15
Hans-Heinrich Henneicke-von Zepelin
Cimicifuga racemosa (CR) extracts are important worldwide as therapy for menopausal symptoms. The first medicinal product from CR has been available since 1956 (Germany, Remifemin® [Schaper & Brümmer, Salzgitter, Germany], isopropanolic extract iCR). This review describes how CR developed, via clinical studies on safety (breast, breast cancer, endometrium, liver) and efficacy, into a successful and safe medicinal product in Germany, Europe and the world. In line with developing legal frameworks for medicinal products in Germany and Europe, clinical studies on CR were observational during the 50s and 70s, and controlled studies since the 80s...
February 2, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151523/-equivalence-equity-and-evidence-for-the-use-of-biosimilar-drugs
#16
Francesco Trotta, Antonio Addis
At present, biosimilar drugs are one of the potential tools capable to allow the access to biological pharmacotherapy in a context of limited resources. Even though universal standards have been determined, prescribers are often unaware of the meaning of the evaluation which assures correct equivalence of biosimilar with the originator product. On the other hand, comparative efficacy and safety studies between biosimilars and originators are often lacking. These might be some of the limiting factors for a wider use of such therapeutic tools by the health practitioners...
2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148304/human-rights-in-childbirth-narratives-and-restorative-justice-a-review
#17
REVIEW
A U Lokugamage, S D C Pathberiya
This review describes the emerging global debate on the role of human rights childbirth. It is also tailored to a UK perspective in view of the Montgomery v. Lanarkshire [2015] legal ruling and it implications to practice. We can never underestimate the power of humane care on health. The compassion and evidence based medicine agenda in healthcare is interconnected with human rights in healthcare, feeding into the principles of decision making and patient centred care. When this has not happened and there is been healthcare conflict, the power of storytelling serves to connect disparate parties to their common humanity...
February 2, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141774/pediatric-emergency-medicine-legal-briefs
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141605/caring-for-young-children-exposed-to-marijuana
#19
Natasha M Ruiz, Susan E Shapiro
This article reviews the research report, Marijuana Exposure Among Children Younger Than Six Years in the United States (), and, using a case study approach, applies the findings to advanced practice registered nurses. B. extracted data from the National Poison Data System showing an increasing trend in marijuana exposure in children, especially in states where marijuana has been legalized for either medicinal use or recreational use. Advanced practice registered nurses need to be comfortable recognizing and managing marijuana intoxication in the pediatric population, as well as educating parents in providing safe environments for their children...
January 2017: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128788/a-workplace-modified-duty-program-for%C3%A2-employees-in-an-oncology-center
#20
Elpidoforos S Soteriades
BACKGROUND: Workplace modified duty programs may provide reasonable accommodations to employees who have partial temporary job disability and could work on duty accommodations until they fully recover. However, little is known about the implementation barriers and effectiveness of such programs. OBJECTIVE: This study is aimed at evaluating the implementation of a modified duty program for employees in an oncology center. METHODS: A modified duty program for employees working at the Bank of Cyprus Oncology Center, a non profit organization with 200 employees located in the Republic of Cyprus was evaluated based on the health records of the occupational medicine department...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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