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Compression therapy ambulant

Roberto Gabrielli, Maria Sofia Rosati, Massiliano Millarelli, Angelica Dante, Maurizio Maiorano, Aldo Musilli, Roberto Chiappa, Marco Ventura
BACKGROUND: Common femoral artery is still the most frequently used site for vascular access, mostly for peripheral arterial interventions, and its puncture remains a significant source of patient's morbidity. Manual compression (MC) has been the gold standard for hemostasis after femoral catheterization until recently, but only in the last few years, vascular closure devices (VCDs) are replacing MC due to their rapid development. Nowadays, vascular surgeons (VSs) are also becoming familiar with VCDs...
April 18, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Michael Galgano, Jared Fridley, Adetokunbo Oyelese, Albert Telfian, Thomas Kosztowski, David Choi, Ziya L Gokaslan
Metastatic spinal disease is a source of significant morbidity in patients with cancer. Recent advancements in adjuvant oncologic therapy has led to increased survival for many patients who harbor neoplastic disease. As a result of this, the chance of developing metastatic spinal disease over the course of a cancer patient's lifespan has increased. Symptomatic metastatic spinal disease can cause significant morbidity including severe pain, neurologic deficit, and loss of ambulation. Current treatment of these patients typically involves the use of multiple modalities, including surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy...
May 2018: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
Jung Hyun Park, Jong Yeol Kim
Spinal subarachnoid hematoma (SSH) following diagnostic lumbar puncture is very rare. Generally, SSH is more likely to occur when the patient has coagulopathy or is undergoing anticoagulant therapy. Unlike the usual complications, such as headache, dizziness, and back pain at the needle puncture site, SSH may result in permanent neurologic deficits if not properly treated within a short period of time. An otherwise healthy 43-year-old female with no predisposing factors presented with fever and headache. Diagnostic lumbar puncture was performed under suspicion of acute meningitis...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Spine
Arina J Ten Cate-Hoek, Elham E Amin, Annemieke C Bouman, Karina Meijer, Lidwine W Tick, Saskia Middeldorp, Guy J M Mostard, Marije Ten Wolde, Simone M van den Heiligenberg, Sanne van Wissen, Marlène Hw van de Poel, Sabina Villalta, Erik H Serné, Hans-Martin Otten, Edith H Klappe, Ingrid M Bistervels, Mandy N Lauw, Margriet Piersma-Wichers, Paolo Prandoni, Manuela A Joore, Martin H Prins, Hugo Ten Cate
BACKGROUND: Therapy with elastic compression stockings has been the cornerstone for prevention of post-thrombotic syndrome for decades in patients after acute deep venous thrombosis. It is uncertain who benefits most from therapy, and what the optimum duration of therapy should be. We therefore aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of individualised duration of compression therapy versus the standard duration of 24 months following an initial treatment period of 6 months. METHODS: We did a multicentre, randomised, single-blind, allocation-concealed, non-inferiority trial at 12 hospitals in the Netherlands and two in Italy...
January 2018: Lancet Haematology
Deborah Heys, Andrew Swain, Sarah Knowles, Amy Waugh, Mark Bailey
BACKGROUND: In developed countries, ambulances normally carry oxygen cylinders but not compressed air. Treatment of acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) with oxygen-driven nebulisers can result in hypercapnia and acidosis. Attempts to avoid this have involved interrupted administration of oxygen.1 However, small battery-powered air nebulisers are now available. AIMS: This study aims to compare the prehospital oxygen saturations and treatment of patients suffering from AECOPD before and after the introduction of air nebulisers...
November 29, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
Louis V DeFazio, Guido A LaPorta
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Calcaneal fractures are a serious injury with significant associated morbidity. Bilateral calcaneal fractures complicate issues even further, due to the physical disability that the patient is left with. One of the major issues with any calcaneal fracture is the risk of soft tissue compromise caused by the traumatic nature of the injury. A percutaneous approach allows the soft tissue envelope to remain viable, while still fixating the fractures. The purpose of this presentation is to highlight the use of percutaneous repair, the role of external fixation in calcaneal fractures, and lastly discuss the outcome for this particular patient...
September 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Dara Bakar, Joseph E Tanenbaum, Kevin Phan, Vincent J Alentado, Michael P Steinmetz, Edward C Benzel, Thomas E Mroz
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature on reported outcomes following decompression surgery for spinal metastases. METHODS The authors conducted MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science database searches for studies reporting clinical outcomes and complications associated with decompression surgery for metastatic spinal tumors. Both retrospective and prospective studies were included. After meeting inclusion criteria, articles were categorized based on the following reported outcomes: survival, ambulation, surgical technique, neurological function, primary tumor histology, and miscellaneous outcomes...
August 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
Raj Nangunoori, Sravanthi Koduri, Anil Singh, Khaled Aziz
Refractory orthostatic hypotension (OH) has been described following surgery for posterior fossa tumors. We present the case of a patient with refractory OH following attempted surgical resection. We also reviewed the available literature to describe pathophysiologic mechanisms for this rare entity. A 58-year-old female was found to have a hemangioblastoma at the cervicomedullary junction following workup for dysphagia and coordination difficulties. She underwent successful suboccipital craniotomy and gross total resection...
March 24, 2016: Curēus
Gayle McLelland, Lisa McKenna, Amee Morgans, Karen Smith
OBJECTIVE: to report findings from a study performed prior to the introduction of publicly funded home birth programmes in Victoria, Australia, that investigated the incidence of planned home births attended by paramedics and explored the clinical support they provided as well as the implications for education and practice. METHODS: retrospective data previously collected via an in-field electronic patient care record (VACIS(®)) was provided by a state-wide ambulance service...
July 2016: Midwifery
Kengo Fujii, Tetsuya Abe, Shigeki Kubota, Aiki Marushima, Hiroaki Kawamoto, Tomoyuki Ueno, Akira Matsushita, Kei Nakai, Kosaku Saotome, Hideki Kadone, Ayumu Endo, Ayumu Haginoya, Yasushi Hada, Akira Matsumura, Yoshiyuki Sankai, Masashi Yamazaki
CONTEXT: The hybrid assistive limb (HAL) is a wearable robot suit that assists in voluntary control of knee and hip joint motion by detecting bioelectric signals on the surface of the skin with high sensitivity. HAL has been reported to be effective for functional recovery in motor impairments. However, few reports have revealed the utility of HAL for patients who have undergone surgery for thoracic ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (thoracic OPLL). Herein, we present a postoperative thoracic OPLL patient who showed remarkable functional recovery after training with HAL...
May 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Se-Jun Park, Chong-Suh Lee, Sung-Soo Chung
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: A number of studies have reported favorable surgical results for metastatic spinal tumors from various solid tumors. However, there are few data available on metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) from lung cancer despite its considerable frequency. PURPOSE: The study aims to present the functional outcomes, survival time, and complications after surgical treatment for MSCC from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: This is a longitudinal observational study...
March 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Edith M de Boer, Maud Geerkens, Michael C Mooij
The incidence of crural ulcers is high. They reduce quality of life considerably and create a burden on the healthcare budget. The key treatment is ambulant compression therapy (ACT). We describe two patients with crural ulcers whose ambulant compression treatment was suboptimal and did not result in healing. When the bandages were applied correctly healing was achieved. If correctly applied ACT should provide sufficient pressure to eliminate oedema, whilst taking local circumstances such as bony structures and arterial qualities into consideration...
2015: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Sean K M Seeho, Tanya A Nippita, Christine L Roberts, Jonathan M Morris, Natasha Nassar
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section (CS) is a significant risk factor for venous thromboembolism; however, the optimal method of thromboprophylaxis around the time of CS is unknown. AIMS: To examine current thromboprophylaxis practice during and following CS in Australia and New Zealand, and the willingness of obstetricians to participate in a randomised controlled trial (RCT) comparing different methods of thromboprophylaxis after CS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An online survey was sent to fellows and trainees of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists...
February 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Nhu Tram Nguyen, Sebastien Hotte, Ian Dayes
A 77-year-old man presented to the hospital for non-ambulation of 48 hours prior to admission.  He was found to have a metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC), a PSA exceeding 27,000, and biopsy-confirmed prostate cancer. After palliative radiation (RT) to the spine and medical treatment, the patient recovered his functions fully and survived for more than 7.5 years, far beyond what would be expected based on current published literature.  A systematic review of the literature of MSCC in patients with prostate cancer was carried out...
January 2015: Curēus
Teresa Leard, Carrie Barrett
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Non-cancer-related lymphedema is frequently unrecognized until it has advanced and, therefore, presents substantial management challenges. Treatment for lymphedema reflects cancer research and not the distinct complexities of non-cancer-related lymphedema. This case report describes an outpatient intervention for a patient with non-cancer-related unilateral lower extremity lymphedema. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 42-year-old woman who was morbidly obese and had left lower extremity chronic stage III lymphedema...
September 2015: Physical Therapy
Hendrik A Neumann, Hugo Partsch, Giovanni Mosti, Milke Flour
The classification of medical elastic compression stockings (MECS) according to pressure classes varies from country to country and neither provides any information on the elastic property nor on the ambulatory interface pressure profiles of the different products. Beside elasticity, MECS are also characterized by other properties such as stiffness and hysteresis. Recent research showed that MECS behaved differently in static and ambulatory conditions. Since compression therapy is most effective during ambulation, MECS should be labelled in such a way that the user can interpret its effect during walking...
April 2016: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
Benedikt A Heck, Uwe Schenk, Youssef Benali, Jens-Peter Stahl
Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis is still considered the reference standard therapy for salvage of severe osteoarthritic deformities of the ankle and hindfoot. Because of the unique anatomy and biomechanics of the ankle, even minor injuries can progress to end-stage osteoarthritis over time. This can be debilitating to patients' general health and physiologic ambulation. Arthrodesis aims to correct the misalignment and should comply with Glissan's principles (i.e., maintenance of permanent stability and sound compression between the fused elements)...
May 2015: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Alessandro Forti, Giovanna Zilio, Paolo Zanatta, Marialuisa Ferramosca, Cristiano Gatto, Antonio Gheno, Paolo Rosi
BACKGROUND: Despite early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by bystanders and early advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) maneuvers, some patients present to the emergency department with persistent cardiac arrest caused by a coronary artery occlusion. Although emergency percutaneous intervention (PCI) has been shown to be effective in improving survival, transporting patients in cardiac arrest to the hospital is not considered to be effective, due to the poor quality of CPR in the ambulance...
December 2014: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Beverlie Ting, David Zurakowski, Lindsay Herder, Katiri Wagner, Paul Appleton, Edward K Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Lateral compression pelvic Type I fractures in the elderly population are most often low-energy osteoporosis related fractures. Previous literature comparing pelvic fractures in young versus elderly patients called into question the general consideration of these injuries as benign injuries with favorable prognoses; however, the geriatric population older than 80 years is often underrepresented. This article focuses on the mortality and functional outcomes after low-energy pelvic fractures in a population of patients older than 80 years...
May 2014: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
R K Portenoy
Back pain is a common symptom in the cancer population. For some patients, the complaint reflects a process independent of the underlying disease, such as myofascial pain, discogenic disease, or osteoporosis. Many patients, however, experience pain as the first indication of a spinal neoplasm, and this possibility increases the diagnostic challenge. This article discusses the presentation, evaluation, and treatment of spinal epidural neoplasm in patients with cancer.Symptomatic epidural neoplasm occurs in approximately 5 to 10% of patients with metastatic cancer...
January 1, 1993: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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