keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hospital infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434116/activation-of-the-serotonin-pathway-is-associated-with-poor-outcome-in-copd-exacerbation-results-of-a-long-term-cohort-study
#1
Marc A Meier, Manuel Ottiger, Alaadin Vögeli, Christian Steuer, Luca Bernasconi, Robert Thomann, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Christoph Henzen, Claus Hoess, Werner Zimmerli, Andreas Huber, Beat Mueller, Philipp Schuetz
BACKGROUND/INTRODUCTION: Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) metabolizes tryptophan to kynurenine. An increase of its activity is associated with severity in patients with pneumonia. In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, an elevation of serotonin has been reported. Experimental models showed that cigarette smoke inhibits monoamine oxidase (MAO) leading to higher levels of serotonin. We investigated the prognostic ability of tryptophan, serotonin, kynurenine, IDO, and tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) to predict short- and long-term outcomes in patients with a COPD exacerbation...
April 22, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434050/prevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-hiv-infected-patients-and-food-animals-and-direct-genotyping-of-t-gondii-isolates-southern-ghana
#2
Faustina Pappoe, Weisheng Cheng, Lin Wang, Yuanling Li, Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Samuel Victor Nuvor, Henock Ambachew, Xiaodong Hu, Qingli Luo, Deyong Chu, Yuanhong Xu, Jilong Shen
Toxoplasma gondii is of public health and veterinary importance causing severe diseases in immunocompromised individuals including HIV/AIDS patients and in congenital cases and animals. There is limited information on the epidemiology of T. gondii infection in humans, particularly HIV patients and food animals and the parasite genotypes in Ghana. A total of 394 HIV-infected patients from three hospitals were screened for T. gondii anti-IgG and IgM using ELISA. DNAs from blood samples of seropositve participants and 95 brain tissues of food animals were PCR assayed to detect Toxoplasma gra6...
April 22, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433846/factors-associated-with-postoperative-complications-in-hydrocephalic-infants-diagnosed-at-bernard-mevs-hospital-in-port-au-prince-haiti-from-2011-to-2013
#3
Floreine-Jemima Joseph, Joseph Bernard, Sylvio Augustin
OBJECTIVE: Complications worsen the prognosis of hydrocephalic children who undergo surgery. The main objective of this study was to determine factors associated with postoperative complications in Haitian hydrocephalic infants. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted on hydrocephalic infants diagnosed in a Haitian hospital from 2011 to 2013. Records were consulted to gather key variables that were evaluated in relation to the occurrence of postoperative complications...
April 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433727/superficial-swab-versus-deep-tissue-biopsy-for-the-microbiological-diagnosis-of-local-infection-in-advanced-stage-pressure-ulcers-of-spinal-cord-injured-patients-a-prospective-study
#4
Sara Tedeschi, Luca Negosanti, Rossella Sgarzani, Filippo Trapani, Salvatore Pignanelli, Micaela Battilana, Rita Capirossi, Donatella Brillanti Ventura, Maddalena Giannella, Michele Bartoletti, Fabio Tumietto, Francesco Cristini, Pierluigi Viale
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of superficial ulcer swab culture to make a microbiological diagnosis of deep wound infections in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients with advanced-stage pressure ulcers (PU). METHODS: From July 2011 to February 2014, we performed a prospective, single-centre study on adult SCI patients undergoing scheduled surgical debridement and reconstruction for advanced-stage PU, at Montecatone Rehabilitation Institute, a 150-bed hospital dedicated to SCI care...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433599/coronectomy-and-dentigerous-cysts-a-review-of-68-patients
#5
REVIEW
Marianne Henien, Chris Sproat, Jerry Kwok, Kiran Beneng, Vinod Patel
OBJECTIVE: This large case series retrospectively reviewed the outcomes of coronectomy in conjunction with dentigerous cyst removal in 68 patients at the oral surgery department of Guy's Hospital. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of 68 patients was undertaken in a single department where 73 teeth with associated dentigerous cysts were treated by coronectomy to reduce the risk of inferior alveolar nerve injury or mandibular fracture. RESULTS: One patient experienced permanent injury of the inferior alveolar nerve...
February 20, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433398/multi-state-survey-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-acute-care-hospitals-in-brazil
#6
C Magno Castelo Branco Fortaleza, M C Padoveze, C R Veiga Kiffer, A L Barth, Irna C do Rosário Souza Carneiro, H I Garcia Giamberardino, J L Nobre Rodrigues, L Santos Filho, M J Gonçalves de Mello, M Severino Pereira, P Pinto Gontijo Filho, M Rocha, E A Servolo de Medeiros, A C Campos Pignatari
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) challenge public health in developing countries such as Brazil, which harbour social inequalities and variations in the complexity of healthcare and regional development. AIM: To describe the prevalence of HCAIs in hospitals in a sample of hospitals in Brazil. METHODS: A prevalence survey conducted in 2011-13 enrolled 152 hospitals from the five macro-regions in Brazil. Hospitals were classified as large (≥200 beds), medium (50-199 beds) or small sized (<50 beds)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433336/the-association-of-postoperative-glycemic-control-and-lower-extremity-procedure-outcomes
#7
Todd R Vogel, Jamie B Smith, Robin L Kruse
OBJECTIVE: The effect of postoperative hyperglycemia in patients undergoing open and endovascular procedures on the lower extremities has not been fully characterized with regard to associated admission diagnoses, hospital complications, mortality, and 30-day readmission. This study evaluated the relationship of postoperative hyperglycemia on outcomes after lower extremity vascular procedures for peripheral artery disease. METHODS: Patients with peripheral artery disease admitted for elective lower extremity procedures between September 2008 and March 2014 were selected from the Cerner Health Facts (Cerner Corporation, Kansas City, Mo) database using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, Clinical Modification diagnosis and procedure codes...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433229/splenectomy-is-associated-with-higher-infection-and-pneumonia-rates-among-trauma-laparotomy-patients
#8
Kelly A Fair, Christopher R Connelly, Kyle D Hart, Martin A Schreiber, Jennifer M Watters
Splenectomy increases lifetime risk of thromboembolism (VTE) and is associated with long-term infectious complications, primarily, overwhelming post-splenectomy infection (OPSI). Our objective was to evaluate risk of VTE and infection at index hospitalization post-splenectomy. Retrospective review of all patients who received a laparotomy in the NTDB. Propensity score matching for splenectomy was performed, based on ISS, abdominal abbreviated injury score >3, GCS, sex and mechanism. Major complications, VTE, and infection rates were compared...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433044/-laparoscopic-diverting-ileostomy-in-rectal-cancer-surgery
#9
P Ihnát, P Vávra, P Guňková, A Zatloukal, S Czudek, P Zonča
INTRODUCTION: Low anterior resection (LAR) with total mesorectal excision (TME) represents the gold standard for patients with low rectal carcinoma. Protective ileostomy (PI) is commonly performed during LAR in an effort to protect low rectal anastomosis. The aim of this study is to analyse outcomes in our own patient population, focusing on morbidity associated with PI. METHOD: A retrospective clinical study of patients operated on between 2013 and 2015 was conducted in University Hospital Ostrava...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432878/in-vitro-susceptibility-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolates-from-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-to-vancomycin-daptomycin-linezolid-and-tedizolid
#10
Johanna Marcela Vanegas Múnera, Ana María Ocampo Ríos, Daniela Montoya Urrego, Judy Natalia Jiménez Quiceno
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of multidrug-resistant Gram-positive infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus remains as a clinical challenge due to emergence of new resistance mechanisms. Tedizolid is a next-generation oxazolidinone, recently approved for skin and soft tissues infections. We conducted a study to determine in vitro susceptibility to vancomycin, daptomycin, linezolid, and tedizolid in MRSA clinical isolates from adult patients with skin and soft tissue infections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Methicillin-resistant S...
April 19, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432607/impact-of-the-medical-specialty-on-knowledge-regarding-multidrug-resistant-organisms-and-strategies-toward-antimicrobial-stewardship
#11
Steffen Lebentrau, Christian Gilfrich, Malte W Vetterlein, Harald Schumacher, Philipp J Spachmann, Sabine D Brookman-May, Hans M Fritsche, Martin Schostak, Florian M Wagenlehner, Maximilian Burger, Matthias May
PURPOSE: Evidence is scarce on subject-specific knowledge of multidrug-resistant organisms and rational use of antibiotics. We aimed at evaluating attitude, perception, and knowledge about multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) and antibiotic prescribing among urologists versus other medical specialties. METHODS: Within the MR2-study (Multiinstitutional Reconnaissance of practice with MultiResistant bacteria), a questionnaire was conducted targeting general surgeons, internists, gynecologists, and urologists in 18 German hospitals...
April 21, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432158/risk-score-for-cardiac-surgery-in-active-left-sided-infective-endocarditis
#12
Carmen Olmos, Isidre Vilacosta, Gilbert Habib, Luis Maroto, Cristina Fernández, Javier López, Cristina Sarriá, Erwan Salaun, Salvatore Di Stefano, Manuel Carnero, Sandrine Hubert, Carlos Ferrera, Gabriela Tirado, Afonso Freitas-Ferraz, Carmen Sáez, Javier Cobiella, Juan Bustamante-Munguira, Cristina Sánchez-Enrique, Pablo Elpidio García-Granja, Cecile Lavoute, Benjamin Obadia, David Vivas, Ángela Gutiérrez, José Alberto San Román
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a calculator to predict the risk of in-hospital mortality in patients with active infective endocarditis (IE) undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: Thousand two hundred and ninety-nine consecutive patients with IE were prospectively recruited (1996-2014) and retrospectively analysed. Left-sided patients who underwent cardiac surgery (n=671) form our study population and were randomised into development (n=424) and validation (n=247) samples...
April 21, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431953/cryostored-autologous-skull-bone-for-cranioplasty-a-study-on-cranial-bone-flaps-viability-and-microbial-contamination-after-deep-frozen-storage-at-80%C3%A2-c
#13
David Yuen Chung Chan, Yi Tan Mok, Ping Kuen Lam, Cindy See Wai Tong, Stephanie Chi Ping Ng, Tin Fung David Sun, Wai Sang Poon
Craniectomy is a life-saving procedure. Subsequent cranioplasty with autologous skull bone has a bone resorption rate from 4% to 22.8% and an infection rate from 3.3% to 26%. There are concerns with their viability and the potential microbial contamination as they were explanted for a long period of time. Eighteen cranial bone flaps stored at Prince of Wales Hospital Skull Bone Bank during the period from June 2011 to March 2016 were identified. Ethics approval was obtained. Bone chips and deep bone swabs were collected for osteoblast culture and microbial culture...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431934/etiological-analysis-and-epidemiological-comparison-among-adult-cap-and-nhcap-patients-in-okinawa-japan
#14
Gretchen Parrott, Daijiro Nebeya, Takeshi Kinjo, Kazuya Miyagi, Shusaku Haranaga, Futoshi Higa, Masao Tateyama, Jiro Fujita
BACKGROUND: Etiological epidemiology and diagnosis are important issues for CAP and NHCAP. Despite the availability of effective therapies, significant morbidity and mortality ensues. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the etiology of 200 pneumonia patients at the University of the Ryukyus Hospital. Patients were categorized into CAP (n = 97) or NHCAP (n = 103), according to the Japanese Respiratory Society guidelines. Diagnoses were made using clinical tests including, Gram stain, bacterial culture, serum and urinary tests...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431933/caspofungin-versus-micafungin-in-the-incidence-of-hepatotoxicity-in%C3%A2-patients-with-normal-to-moderate-liver-failure
#15
Yuichi Shibata, Mao Hagihara, Hideo Kato, Noriyo Kawasumi, Jun Hirai, Naoya Nishiyama, Nobuhiro Asai, Yusuke Koizumi, Yuka Yamagishi, Katsuhiko Matsuura, Hiroshige Mikamo
BACKGROUND: One of the major adverse events of caspofungin and micafungin is hepatotoxicity, however, there are few reports compared the incidence of hepatotoxicity between caspofungin and micafungin. Herein, the primary objective of this study was to compare the incidence of hepatotoxicity between caspofungin and micafungin treatments for patients with fungal or suspected fungal infection. METHODS: In total, 201 patients [caspofungin group: 66 patients; micafungin group: 135 patients] treated with echinocandins from April 2014 to November 2015 at Aichi Medical University Hospital...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431915/synergistic-anticandidal-activity-of-menthol-in-combination-with-itraconazole-and-nystatin-against-clinical-candida-glabrata-and-candida-krusei-isolates
#16
Aghil Sharifzadeh, Ali Reza Khosravi, Hojjatollah Shokri, Paria Samadi Tari
BACKGROUND: Candida glabrata (C. glabrata) and C. krusei are now emerging as serious hospital acquired infections in immunocompromised patients. Menthol, a terpenic compound, has been reported to have antifungal activity. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of menthol in combination with itraconazole or nystatin against C. glabrata and C. krusei isolates. METHODS: The effects of menthol along with itraconazole and nystatin, were evaluated by the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) M44-A and CLSI M27-A3 methods...
April 18, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431858/third-trimester-preterm-and-term-premature-rupture-of-membranes-is-there-any-difference-in-maternal-characteristics-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#17
Ivana Chandra, Lizhou Sun
BACKGROUND: The clinical significance and management of preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) remains a topic of a controversy. Although PROM is associated with a low rate of complications, PPROM may lead to significant neonatal and maternal morbidity. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 714 women who presented to Jiangsu Province Hospital with third trimester PPROM or PROM between January and December 2015. The data were analyzed by SPSS; the significance of maternal characteristics, and maternal and neonatal outcomes were tested using Student's t test and the χ(2) test...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431851/ultraviolet-c-light-as-a-means-of-disinfecting-anesthesia-workstations
#18
Matthew Nottingham, Gene Peterson, Christopher Doern, Michelle Doll, Nadia Masroor, Kakotan Sanogo, Michael Stevens, Gonzalo Bearman
BACKGROUND: Anesthesia workstations (AWs) are a reservoir for pathogenic organisms potentially associated with surgical site infections. This study examined the effectiveness of the Tru-D SmartUVC device (Tru-D LLC, Nashville, TN) on bioburden reduction (BR) on AWs. METHODS: Strips of tissue inoculated with a known concentration of either Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, or Acinetobacter sp were placed on 22 high-touch surfaces of an AW. Half of the AW surfaces received direct ultraviolet (UV) light exposure and half received indirect exposure...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431849/prospective-cluster-controlled-crossover-trial-to-compare-the-impact-of-an-improved-hydrogen-peroxide-disinfectant-and-a-quaternary-ammonium-based-disinfectant-on-surface-contamination-and-health-care-outcomes
#19
John M Boyce, Kerri A Guercia, Linda Sullivan, Nancy L Havill, Renee Fekieta, Janet Kozakiewicz, David Goffman
BACKGROUND: Quaternary ammonium-based (Quat) disinfectants are widely used, but they have disadvantages. METHODS: This was a 12-month prospective cluster controlled crossover trial. On 4 wards, housekeepers performed daily cleaning using a disinfectant containing either 0.5% improved hydrogen peroxide (IHP) or Quat. Each month, 5-8 high-touch surfaces in several patient rooms on each ward were tagged with a fluorescent marker and cultured before and after cleaning...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431848/epidemiology-of-device-associated-infections-in-an-intensive-care-unit-of-a-teaching-hospital-in-nepal-a-prospective-surveillance-study-from-a-developing-country
#20
Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Subhash Prasad Acharya, Santosh Dahal, Jaya Prasad Singh, Shyam Kumar Mishra, Hari Prasad Kattel, Basista Prasad Rijal, Bharat Mani Pokhrel
BACKGROUND: Device-associated health care-acquired infections (DA-HAIs) in intensive care unit patients are a major cause of morbidity, mortality, and increased health care costs. METHODS: A prospective, structured clinicomicrobiological surveillance was carried out for 3 common DA-HAIs: ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI), and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) present in the patients of an intensive care unit of a teaching hospital in Nepal...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
keyword
keyword
23761
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"