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Chicken pox

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320582/thyroid-transcriptome-analysis-reveals-different-adaptive-responses-to-cold-environmental-conditions-between-two-chicken-breeds
#1
Shanshan Xie, Xukai Yang, Dehe Wang, Feng Zhu, Ning Yang, Zhuocheng Hou, Zhonghua Ning
Selection for cold tolerance in chickens is important for improving production performance and animal welfare. The identification of chicken breeds with higher cold tolerance and production performance will help to target candidates for the selection. The thyroid gland plays important roles in thermal adaptation, and its function is influenced by breed differences and transcriptional plasticity, both of which remain largely unknown in the chicken thyroid transcriptome. In this study, we subjected Bashang Long-tail (BS) and Rhode Island Red (RIR) chickens to either cold or warm environments for 21 weeks and investigated egg production performance, body weight changes, serum thyroid hormone concentrations, and thyroid gland transcriptome profiles...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296229/selenium-against-lead-induced-apoptosis-in-chicken-nervous-tissues-via-mitochondrial-pathway
#2
Yihao Zhu, Xiaoyan Jiao, Yang An, Shu Li, Xiaohua Teng
To investigate alleviative effect of selenium (Se) on lead (Pb)-induced apoptosis in chicken nervous tissues, 7-day-old chickens were randomly divided into four groups. The control group was fed a standard diet and drinking water. In the Pb and Se/Pb groups, (CH3OO)2Pb was dissolved in drinking water. In the Se and Se/Pb groups, Na2SeO3 was put into the standard diet. Embryonic neurocytes were divided into the control, Se (containing Na2SeO3), Pb (containing (CH3COO)2Pb), and Se/Pb (containing Na2SeO3 and (CH3COO)2Pb) groups...
December 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273977/negative-igg-varicella-zoster-virus-antibody-status-immune-responses-pre-and-post-re-immunization
#3
Tamar A Smith-Norowitz, Tehila A Saadia, Kevin B Norowitz, Rauno Joks, Helen G Durkin, Stephan Kohlhoff
INTRODUCTION: Varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes chicken pox and herpes zoster and is a self-limiting disease in healthy children. Vaccination is recommended for children, adolescents, and adults. This study discusses a healthy pediatric patient with negative immunoglobulin (Ig) G VZV antibody (Ab) status after two doses of varicella vaccine and then subsequently re-immunized. Since measurement of serum IgG titers alone may not reflect vaccine protection, we further evaluated cell-mediated and humoral immune responses before and after re-immunization...
December 22, 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247138/bet-2-nsais-and-chickenpox
#4
Karen Stone, Emma Tackley, Sandra Weir
A shortcut review was carried out to establish whether non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is safe to prescribe in patients with chicken pox. 66 unique papers were found in CINAHL, Medline, Embase and Cochrane using the reported searches of which 6 presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication; patient group studied; study type; relevant outcomes; results and study weaknesses of these best papers are tabulated. It is concluded that, pending further research, it is advisable to avoid NSAID use in cases of primary varicella due to the potential increased risk of severe bacterial skin infections...
January 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228575/ammonium-glycyrrhizin-counteracts-liver-injury-caused-by-lipopolysaccharide-amoxicillin-clavulanate-potassium
#5
Zugong Yu, Feng Wu, Jing Tian, Xuewen Guo, Ran An, Yangyang Guo
We treated isolated chicken primary hepatocytes with lipopolysaccharide/amoxicillin clavulanate potassium (LPS/AC) to model liver injury and investigate its underlying mechanisms. We also used this model to assess the cytoprotective effects of compound ammonium glycyrrhizin (CAG) in vitro. LPS/AC-induced injury decreased cell viability and increased the activity of serum aspartate transaminase and alanine transaminase. Levels of superoxide dismutase, glutathione, and glutathione peroxidase were lower than control, while levels of the oxidative product malondialdehyde and reactive oxygen species were higher...
November 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208790/oral-manifestation-in-patients-diagnosed-with-dermatological-diseases
#6
Sanjay G Thete, Meena Kulkarni, Atul P Nikam, Tejashree Mantri, Dhiraj Umbare, Sushant Satdive, Dinraj Kulkarni
AIM: This study aimed to estimate the frequency of oral lesions in dermatological diseased patients attending the outpatient department of Pravara Rural Medical and Dental College and Hospital, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Loni, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India, and the Department of Dermatology at Medical College, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted in Loni from October 2013 to January 2014...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190127/detection-of-salmonella-infection-in-chickens-by-an-indirect-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay-based-on-presence-of-pagc-antibodies-in-sera
#7
Zhe Ma, Xinyi Yang, Yizhen Fang, Zexin Tong, Huixing Lin, Hongjie Fan
The outcomes of infection of humans and animals with Salmonella range from a persistent asymptomatic carrier state to temporal mild gastroenteritis or severe systemic infection. A rapid and accurate diagnostic test would help formulate strategies for effective prevention of their infections in the animal population. Current sequencing data predict that the outer membrane protein, PagC, is present in all common Salmonella serovars with sequence similarities of more than 98%. PagC sequences in other bacterial species are less than 65% similarity at the amino acid level to those of Salmonella PagC...
November 30, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127548/protective-effect-of-agaricus-blazei-polysaccharide-against-cadmium-induced-damage-on-the-testis-of-chicken
#8
Yangyang Song, Ruili Zhang, Hongmei Wang, Yan Yan, Ge Ming
Cadmium (Cd) exposure can cause reproductive toxicity through oxidative stress and inflammatory response. A polysaccharide extract of the edible mushroom Agaricus blazei Murill has been isolated and exhibits antioxidant activity and immunoregulatory effect. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective role of Agaricus blazei polysaccharide (ABP) against Cd-induced damage in chicken testis through enhancing antioxidant activity and alleviating inflammatory response. One hundred twenty healthy 7-day-old Hy-Line male chickens (Harbin, China) were randomly divided into four groups, and each group consisted of 30 chickens: Normal control was fed daily with full feed and 0...
November 10, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098735/glucose-and-lipid-metabolism-disorders-in-the-chickens-with-dexamethasone-induced-oxidative-stress
#9
Z-P Lv, Y-Z Peng, B-B Zhang, H Fan, D Liu, Y-M Guo
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of long-term treatment with dexamethasone (DEX) on the antioxidation and nutrition metabolism in broiler chickens. Broilers were placed on a high-nutrient diet for 41 days, and half were given orally DEX-supplemented water at 20 mg/L every other day from 19 to 41 days of age. DEX treatment downregulated superoxide dismutase activity as well as the mRNA expression of CuZn-superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase with a decrease in GSH/GSSG ratio and an increase in malondialdehyde level in the liver of broilers...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077914/effects-of-dietary-vitamin-c-vitamin-e-and-alpha-lipoic-acid-supplementation-on-the-antioxidant-defense-system-and-immune-related-gene-expression-in-broilers-exposed-to-oxidative-stress-by-dexamethasone
#10
H K El-Senousey, B Chen, J Y Wang, A M Atta, F R Mohamed, Q H Nie
Vitamin C, vitamin E, and alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) are potent nutritional antioxidants, which are important for enhancing immunity. This study compared the effects of supplementation with vitamin C, vitamin E, or ALA on the antioxidant defense system and the expression of immune-related genes under oxidative stress induced by dexamethasone (DEX) in broilers. In total, 240 one-day-old female Recessive White Rock chickens were assigned randomly to either a basal diet (control group) or basal diet supplemented with vitamin C (200 mg/kg diet), vitamin E (100 mg/kg), or ALA (500 mg/kg) for 28 d starting from hatching...
October 25, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059196/exogenous-dietary-lysozyme-improves-the-growth-performance-and-gut-microbiota-in-broiler-chickens-targeting-the-antioxidant-and-non-specific-immunity-mrna-expression
#11
Mervat A Abdel-Latif, Ali H El-Far, Ahmed R Elbestawy, Rania Ghanem, Shaker A Mousa, Hatem S Abd El-Hamid
Supplementation of exogenous enzymes in chickens has been widely practiced, yet mechanisms responsible are not fully delineated. To investigate the effects of the dietary lysozyme on the growth performance and immunity of broiler chickens, a total of 120 one-day-old Ross 308 chicks were randomly allocated into four groups, each having three replicates (30 birds/group). The chicks were fed the starter (1-21 d) and grower (22-35 d) diets supplemented with 0 (control), 70 (LYZ70), 90 (LYZ90) and 120 (LYZ120) g of lysozyme 10%® per ton of basal diet for five weeks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054015/synergistic-effect-of-copper-and-arsenic-upon-oxidative-stress-inflammation-and-autophagy-alterations-in-brain-tissues-of-gallus-gallus
#12
Xiao Sun, Jinglun Li, Hongjing Zhao, Yu Wang, Juanjuan Liu, Yizhi Shao, Yuan Xue, Mingwei Xing
Arsenic or copper is one of the most highly toxic pollution that can cause dysfunction to brains, however, the exact mechanism remains unclear. The aim of the study is to investigate the mechanisms of arsenic or/and copper-induced oxidative stress, inflammation and autophagy in chicken brains and elucidate the interactions between arsenic and copper. A total of 72 1-day-old Hy-line chickens were divided into four groups (18 chickens per group) treated with 30mg/kg arsenic trioxide (As2O3) or/and 300mg/kg copper sulfate (CuSO4) for 12weeks...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035754/regulation-of-autophagy-factors-by-oxidative-stress-and-cardiac-enzymes-imbalance-during-arsenic-or-and-copper-induced-cardiotoxicity-in-gallus-gallus
#13
Siwen Li, Hongjing Zhao, Yu Wang, Yizhi Shao, Bangyi Wang, Yulong Wang, Mingwei Xing
Basal autophagy has an indispensable role in the functioning and maintenance of cardiac geometry under physiological conditions. Recently, increasing evidence has demonstrated that arsenic (As)/copper (Cu) play important roles in the autophagy of the heart. The current study was to evaluate whether oxidative damage by As or/and Cu was correlated with autophagy through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway in the heart of birds. Arsenic trioxide (30mg/kg) or/and cupric sulfate (300mg/kg) were administered in a basal diet to male Hy-line chickens (one-day-old) for 12 weeks...
October 13, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032405/agaricus-blazei-murill-polysaccharides-protect-against-cadmium-induced-oxidative-stress-and-inflammatory-damage-in-chicken-spleens
#14
Wanqiu Xie, Ai Lv, Ruyue Li, Zequn Tang, Dexing Ma, Xiaodan Huang, Ruili Zhang, Ming Ge
Agaricus blazei Murill polysaccharide (ABP) has exhibited antioxidant and immunoregulatory activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ABP on cadmium (Cd)-induced antioxidant functions and inflammatory damage in chicken spleens. In this study, groups of 7-day-old chickens were fed with normal saline (0.2 mL single/day), CdCl2 (140 mg/kg/day), ABP (30 mg/mL, 0.2 mL single/day), and Cd + ABP (140 mg/kg/day + 0.2 mL ABP). Spleens were separated on the 20th, 40th, and 60th day for each group...
October 14, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994040/the-protective-effect-of-selenium-on-the-chicken-pancreas-against-cadmium-toxicity-via-alleviating-oxidative-stress-and-autophagy
#15
Ruohan Liu, Tiantian Jia, Yuan Cui, Hongjin Lin, Shu Li
Cadmium (Cd) is a highly toxic heavy metal that can affect human and animal health. Selenium (Se) is an essential microelement that can protect various organs against toxic heavy metals. Although many studies have investigated the adverse effect of Cd in rats and several other animals, little is known regarding the mechanisms of Cd-induced autophagy in the chicken pancreas and the antagonistic effect of Se on Cd. In the current study, we fed chickens Se, Cd, or Se and Cd supplements to establish the Se and Cd interaction model and to measure the concentrations of Se and Cd in the chicken pancreas...
October 9, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957736/gene-expression-of-selenoproteins-can-be-regulated-by-thioredoxin-txn-silence-in-chicken-cardiomyocytes
#16
Jie Yang, Sattar Hamid, Qi Liu, Jingzeng Cai, Shiwen Xu, Ziwei Zhang
Thioredoxin (Txn) system is the most crucial antioxidant defense mechanism in myocardium. The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of Txn low expression on 25 selenoproteins in chicken cardiomyocytes. We developed a Se-deficient model (0.033mg/kg) and Txn knock down cardiomyocytes model (siRNA) studies. Western Blot, Quantitative Real-time PCR (qPCR) were performed, and correlation analysis, heat map were used for further analysis. Both low expression of Txn models are significantly decreased (P<0...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946702/astragalus-polysaccharide-protect-against-cadmium-induced-cytotoxicity-through-the-mda5-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-chicken-peripheral-blood-lymphocytes
#17
Wanqiu Xie, Ming Ge, Guangxing Li, Linan Zhang, Zequn Tang, Ruyue Li, Ruili Zhang
Cadmium (Cd) is a known environmental pollutant that is associated with inflammation, oxidative stress, and cell apoptosis. Astragalus polysaccharide (APS) is a major component of Astragalus membranaceus, a vital qi-reinforcing herb medicine with favorable immuneregulation properties. To study the effect of APS on the inhibition of the cadmium-induced injury of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) in chickens through the MDA5/NF-κB signaling pathway, PLBs acquired from 15-day-old chickens were divided into control group, Cd group, APS + Cd group, anti-MDA5 mAb + Cd group, BAY 11-7082 (a nuclear factor kappa-light chain-enhancer of activated B cells [NF-κB] inhibitor) +Cd group, APS group, anti-MDA5 mAb group, and BAY 11-7082 group...
September 25, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928625/staphylococcal-endocarditis-after-chicken-pox-in-a-child-with-structurally-normal-heart
#18
Dheeraj Deo Bhatt, Nihit Kharkwal, Dinesh Kumar Yadav
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911262/alleviation-by-gamma-amino-butyric-acid-supplementation-of-chronic-heat-stress-induced-degenerative-changes-in-jejunum-in-commercial-broiler-chickens
#19
Rasha A Al Wakeel, Mustafa Shukry, Ahmed Abdel Azeez, Shawky Mahmoud, Michel Fahmy Saad
High ambient temperature adversely influences poultry production. In the present study, gamma amino butyric acid (GABA) supplementation was used to alleviate the adverse changes due to heat stress (HS) in a broiler chicken strain (Ross 308). At 21 days of age, the birds were divided into four groups of 13. Two groups were housed under normal room temperature, one group was given orally 0.2 ml 0.9% physiological saline (CN) daily, the other group received 0.2 ml of 0.5% GABA solution orally (GN). A third group was exposed to environmental HS (33 ± 1 °C lasting for 2 weeks) + physiological saline (CH) and a fourth group was exposed to HS + GABA supplementation (GH)...
September 15, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906132/effects-of-different-dietary-sources-and-levels-of-selenium-supplements-on-growth-performance-antioxidant-status-and-immune-parameters-in-ross-308-broiler-chickens
#20
R Bakhshalinejad, Reza Akbari Moghaddam Kakhki, E Zoidis
1. Although different impacts of various sources of Selenium (Se) on chicken performance have been largely studied, there is a lack of comparative experiments studying the effects of these sources on immune system and antioxidant indices of broiler tissues. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of various sources and levels of dietary Se supplements on performance, antioxidant status and immune parameters in Ross 308 broiler chickens. 2. A total of 1200 one-day-old male broilers (Ross × Ross 308) were divided into 8 treatments with 6 replicate pens and 25 birds per pen...
September 14, 2017: British Poultry Science
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