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Chicken pox

Ahmed A Saleh, Tarek A Ebeid, Alaeldein M Abudabos
This experiment was conducted to study that effect of a phytogenics (herbal mixture) supplementation as alternative to antibiotics on the growth performance and immune response in broilers. Three thousand broiler male chicks at 1 day of age were housed in floor pens and divided into five experimental groups with five replicates of 120 birds each. The first group was fed the basal diet without any additive in feed or water; the second group was fed the basal diet, and the drinking water was supplemented with mixture of antibiotics (Doxycycline 1 g/5 L + Colistine sulfate 1 g/5 L) for the first 10 days of life...
March 12, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Haiyan Wang, Huanshun Yin, Hua Huang, Kelin Li, Yunlei Zhou, Geoffrey I N Waterhouse, Hai Lin, Shiyun Ai
Herein, a novel dual-signal amplified photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensor was successfully developed for the highly selective detection of N6 -methyladenosine (m6 A) methylated RNA. The PEC biosensor comprised BiVO4 -110-TiO2 heterojunction and gold nanoparticle decorated MoS2 (MoS2 -AuNPs) as the photoactive materials, horseradish peroxidase conjugated biotin (HRP-Biotin) as the enzymatic unit, Ag+ -mediated cytosine pairs (C-Ag+ -C) as the signal amplification unit, and the anti-m6 A antibody as the m6 A methylated RNA recognition unit...
February 27, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
L Xueting, M U Rehman, H Zhang, X Tian, X Wu, Shixue, K Mehmood, D Zhou
The valuable role of selenium in mitigation of oxidative stress and heavy metal toxicity is well-known. Thus, the aim of the current study on broiler chickens was to examine whether nano elemental selenium (Nano-Se) supplementation can reduce the effects of chromium VI (K2Cr2O7) toxicity. For this purpose, a total of 150, one-day-old broiler chickens were allotted to five groups with three replicates: control group (standard diet), poisoned group (K2Cr2O7 via drinking water), protection group (K2Cr2O7 + Nano- Se), cure group (K2Cr2O7 for initial 2 weeks and then Nano-Se), and prevention group (opposite to the cure group)...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Giulia Freer, Mauro Pistello
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is the etiologic agent of varicella (chicken pox), a childhood exanthematic disease that develops as a result of primary infection, and zoster (shingles), caused by reactivation of the virus persisting in a latent form in the dorsal sensory ganglia. Although varicella is generally a mild self-limiting illness, in immunocompromised subjects and adults it can have a serious clinical course that can lead to permanent damage of the central nervous system. In these and in most zoster cases, treatment with anti-herpetic drugs and/or immunotherapy is necessary...
March 2, 2018: New Microbiologica
S V Rama Rao, B Prakash, U Rajkumar, M V L N Raju, T Srilatha, E P K Reddy
An experiment was conducted to study the effects of supplementing sprouts of pulses on performance, carcass variables, immune responses, and anti-oxidant variables in broiler chicken (day 1 to 6 weeks of age) reared during summer season in tropical region. Sprouts of black gram (BG, Vigna mungo), green gram (GG, Vigna radiata), and wild gram (WG, Vigna trilobata) were produced by soaking the pulses in water for 16 h and incubating at 37 °C for 24 h. Total phenolic content in sprouts of WG, BG, and GG was 102, 96...
February 22, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Francesco Di Nardo, Sara Boccalini, Giovanna Elisa Calabrò, Andrea Marcellusi, Matteo Ruggeri, Paolo Bonanni, Raffaella Vitali, Eleonora Capannini, Francesco Saverio Mennini, Americo Cicchetti, Donatella Panatto, Roberto Gasparini, Walter Ricciardi, Chiara De Waure
INTRODUCTION: Decision-making in healthcare should rely on evidence-based approaches able to make possible a transparent and robust assessment of all the aspects related to health technologies. One of the assessment elements is represented by the efficiency that is the specific objective of economic evaluations and also of Health Technology Assessment (HTA). The collection and synthesis of evidence is the first indispensable step in order to foster a proper convey of scientific knowledge to the decision-makers...
September 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
Marc Pirson, André Clippe, Bernard Knoops
BACKGROUND: Peroxiredoxins are ubiquitous thiol-dependent peroxidases that represent a major antioxidant defense in both prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic organisms. Among the six vertebrate peroxiredoxin isoforms, peroxiredoxin-5 (PRDX5) appears to be a particular peroxiredoxin, displaying a different catalytic mechanism, as well as a wider substrate specificity and subcellular distribution. In addition, several evolutionary peculiarities, such as loss of subcellular targeting in certain species, have been reported for this enzyme...
February 8, 2018: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Badrul Islam, Zhahirul Islam, Corine H GeurtsvanKessel, Israt Jahan, Hubert P Endtz, Quazi D Mohammad, Bart C Jacobs
We describe the frequency, clinical features, and electrophysiological and immunological phenotypes of Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) patients treated at a single institution in Bangladesh who had preceding chicken pox (primary Varicella-zoster virus [VZV] infection) within 4 weeks of GBS onset. A literature review of GBS cases preceding VZV infection is also provided. Diagnosis of GBS was based on the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke criteria for GBS. Serum anti-VZV IgM and IgG antibodies were quantified by indirect chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA); anti-Campylobacter jejuni IgG, IgM, and IgA antibodies and anti-ganglioside GM1 IgM and IgG antibodies, by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays...
March 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Shanshan Xie, Xukai Yang, Dehe Wang, Feng Zhu, Ning Yang, Zhuocheng Hou, Zhonghua Ning
Selection for cold tolerance in chickens is important for improving production performance and animal welfare. The identification of chicken breeds with higher cold tolerance and production performance will help to target candidates for the selection. The thyroid gland plays important roles in thermal adaptation, and its function is influenced by breed differences and transcriptional plasticity, both of which remain largely unknown in the chicken thyroid transcriptome. In this study, we subjected Bashang Long-tail (BS) and Rhode Island Red (RIR) chickens to either cold or warm environments for 21 weeks and investigated egg production performance, body weight changes, serum thyroid hormone concentrations, and thyroid gland transcriptome profiles...
2018: PloS One
Yihao Zhu, Xiaoyan Jiao, Yang An, Shu Li, Xiaohua Teng
To investigate alleviative effect of selenium (Se) on lead (Pb)-induced apoptosis in chicken nervous tissues, 7-day-old chickens were randomly divided into four groups. The control group was fed a standard diet and drinking water. In the Pb and Se/Pb groups, (CH3OO)2Pb was dissolved in drinking water. In the Se and Se/Pb groups, Na2SeO3 was put into the standard diet. Embryonic neurocytes were divided into the control, Se (containing Na2SeO3), Pb (containing (CH3COO)2Pb), and Se/Pb (containing Na2SeO3 and (CH3COO)2Pb) groups...
December 8, 2017: Oncotarget
Tamar A Smith-Norowitz, Tehila A Saadia, Kevin B Norowitz, Rauno Joks, Helen G Durkin, Stephan Kohlhoff
INTRODUCTION: Varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes chicken pox and herpes zoster and is a self-limiting disease in healthy children. Vaccination is recommended for children, adolescents, and adults. This study discusses a healthy pediatric patient with negative immunoglobulin (Ig) G VZV antibody (Ab) status after two doses of varicella vaccine and then subsequently re-immunized. Since measurement of serum IgG titers alone may not reflect vaccine protection, we further evaluated cell-mediated and humoral immune responses before and after re-immunization...
December 22, 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
Karen Stone, Emma Tackley, Sandra Weir
A shortcut review was carried out to establish whether non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is safe to prescribe in patients with chicken pox. 66 unique papers were found in CINAHL, Medline, Embase and Cochrane using the reported searches of which 6 presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication; patient group studied; study type; relevant outcomes; results and study weaknesses of these best papers are tabulated. It is concluded that, pending further research, it is advisable to avoid NSAID use in cases of primary varicella due to the potential increased risk of severe bacterial skin infections...
January 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Zugong Yu, Feng Wu, Jing Tian, Xuewen Guo, Ran An, Yangyang Guo
We treated isolated chicken primary hepatocytes with lipopolysaccharide/amoxicillin clavulanate potassium (LPS/AC) to model liver injury and investigate its underlying mechanisms. We also used this model to assess the cytoprotective effects of compound ammonium glycyrrhizin (CAG) in vitro . LPS/AC-induced injury decreased cell viability and increased the activity of serum aspartate transaminase and alanine transaminase. Levels of superoxide dismutase, glutathione, and glutathione peroxidase were lower than control, while levels of the oxidative product malondialdehyde and reactive oxygen species were higher...
November 14, 2017: Oncotarget
Sanjay G Thete, Meena Kulkarni, Atul P Nikam, Tejashree Mantri, Dhiraj Umbare, Sushant Satdive, Dinraj Kulkarni
AIM: This study aimed to estimate the frequency of oral lesions in dermatological diseased patients attending the outpatient department of Pravara Rural Medical and Dental College and Hospital, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Loni, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India, and the Department of Dermatology at Medical College, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted in Loni from October 2013 to January 2014...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Zhe Ma, Xinyi Yang, Yizhen Fang, Zexin Tong, Huixing Lin, Hongjie Fan
The outcomes of infection of humans and animals with Salmonella range from a persistent asymptomatic carrier state to temporal mild gastroenteritis or severe systemic infection. A rapid and accurate diagnostic test would help formulate strategies for effective prevention of their infections in the animal population. Current sequencing data predict that the outer membrane protein, PagC, is present in all common Salmonella serovars with sequence similarities of more than 98%. PagC sequences in other bacterial species are less than 65% similarity at the amino acid level to those of Salmonella PagC...
February 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
Yangyang Song, Ruili Zhang, Hongmei Wang, Yan Yan, Ge Ming
Cadmium (Cd) exposure can cause reproductive toxicity through oxidative stress and inflammatory response. A polysaccharide extract of the edible mushroom Agaricus blazei Murill has been isolated and exhibits antioxidant activity and immunoregulatory effect. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective role of Agaricus blazei polysaccharide (ABP) against Cd-induced damage in chicken testis through enhancing antioxidant activity and alleviating inflammatory response. One hundred twenty healthy 7-day-old Hy-Line male chickens (Harbin, China) were randomly divided into four groups, and each group consisted of 30 chickens: Normal control was fed daily with full feed and 0...
November 10, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
Z-P Lv, Y-Z Peng, B-B Zhang, H Fan, D Liu, Y-M Guo
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of long-term treatment with dexamethasone (DEX) on the antioxidation and nutrition metabolism in broiler chickens. Broilers were placed on a high-nutrient diet for 41 days, and half were given orally DEX-supplemented water at 20 mg/L every other day from 19 to 41 days of age. DEX treatment downregulated superoxide dismutase activity as well as the mRNA expression of CuZn-superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase with a decrease in GSH/GSSG ratio and an increase in malondialdehyde level in the liver of broilers...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
H K El-Senousey, B Chen, J Y Wang, A M Atta, F R Mohamed, Q H Nie
Vitamin C, vitamin E, and alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) are potent nutritional antioxidants, which are important for enhancing immunity. This study compared the effects of supplementation with vitamin C, vitamin E, or ALA on the antioxidant defense system and the expression of immune-related genes under oxidative stress induced by dexamethasone (DEX) in broilers. In total, 240 one-day-old female Recessive White Rock chickens were assigned randomly to either a basal diet (control group) or basal diet supplemented with vitamin C (200 mg/kg diet), vitamin E (100 mg/kg), or ALA (500 mg/kg) for 28 d starting from hatching...
October 25, 2017: Poultry Science
Mervat A Abdel-Latif, Ali H El-Far, Ahmed R Elbestawy, Rania Ghanem, Shaker A Mousa, Hatem S Abd El-Hamid
Supplementation of exogenous enzymes in chickens has been widely practiced, yet mechanisms responsible are not fully delineated. To investigate the effects of the dietary lysozyme on the growth performance and immunity of broiler chickens, a total of 120 one-day-old Ross 308 chicks were randomly allocated into four groups, each having three replicates (30 birds/group). The chicks were fed the starter (1-21 d) and grower (22-35 d) diets supplemented with 0 (control), 70 (LYZ70), 90 (LYZ90) and 120 (LYZ120) g of lysozyme 10%® per ton of basal diet for five weeks...
2017: PloS One
Xiao Sun, Jinglun Li, Hongjing Zhao, Yu Wang, Juanjuan Liu, Yizhi Shao, Yuan Xue, Mingwei Xing
Arsenic or copper is one of the most highly toxic pollution that can cause dysfunction to brains, however, the exact mechanism remains unclear. The aim of the study is to investigate the mechanisms of arsenic or/and copper-induced oxidative stress, inflammation and autophagy in chicken brains and elucidate the interactions between arsenic and copper. A total of 72 1-day-old Hy-line chickens were divided into four groups (18 chickens per group) treated with 30mg/kg arsenic trioxide (As2O3) or/and 300mg/kg copper sulfate (CuSO4) for 12weeks...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
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