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Chicken pox

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811322/molecular-characterization-of-chicken-infectious-anemia-virus-from-contaminated-live-virus-vaccines
#1
Yang Li, Yan Hu, Shuai Cui, Jiayuan Fu, Yixin Wang, Zhizhong Cui, Lichun Fang, Shuang Chang, Peng Zhao
The aim of this study was to investigate possible causes of the pervasiveness of chicken infectious anemia virus ( CIAV: ) infection in chickens in recent years in China. A total of 14 batches of live-virus vaccines were examined using PCR to detect CIAV contamination, of which only 2 samples (a Newcastle disease vaccine and a fowl pox vaccine) tested positive for CIAV. These Newcastle and fowl pox vaccines were then inoculated into 1-day-old specific-pathogen-free chickens. Serum samples were collected from chickens infected with the PCR-positive vaccines, and these tested positive for CIAV-specific antibodies as tested using ELISA...
November 2, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803314/promotion-of-adipogenesis-by-neuropeptide-y-during-the-later-stages-of-chicken-preadipocyte-differentiation
#2
Steven L Shipp, Mark A Cline, Elizabeth R Gilbert
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) promotes adipogenesis in both birds and mammals, although mechanisms in avians remain unclear. The objective of this study was thus to evaluate effects of NPY on chick preadipocyte proliferation and differentiation. Preadipocytes were treated with 0, 1, 10, or 100 nmol/L NPY and gene expression and cellular proliferation were evaluated at 12, 24, and 48 h. At 12 h posttreatment, mRNA abundance of topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2A), and thioredoxin-dependent peroxidase 2 was upregulated and NPY was downregulated in response to NPY (0 vs...
November 2016: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795427/the-glycoprotein-b-cytoplasmic-domain-lysine-cluster-is-critical-for-varicella-zoster-virus-cell-cell-fusion-regulation-and-infection
#3
Edward Yang, Ann M Arvin, Stefan L Oliver
: The conserved glycoproteins gB and gH-gL are essential for herpesvirus entry and cell-cell fusion induced syncytia formation, a characteristic of Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) pathology in skin and sensory ganglion. VZV syncytia formation, which has been implicated in the painful condition of postherpetic neuralgia, is regulated by the cytoplasmic domains of gB (gBcyt) via an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif (ITIM) and gH (gHcyt). A lysine cluster (K894, K897, K898, and K900) in the VZV gBcyt was identified by sequence alignment to be conserved among alphaherpesviruses suggesting a functional role...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794053/effects-of-dietary-threonine-levels-on-growth-performance-serum-biochemical-indexes-antioxidant-capacities-and-gut-morphology-in-broiler-chickens
#4
Y N Min, S G Liu, Z X Qu, G H Meng, Y P Gao
A dose-response experiment was conducted to investigate the impacts of dietary threonine (Thr) levels on growth performance, serum biochemical indices, antioxidant capacities, and gut morphology of broiler chickens. Four hundred and thirty-two 1-d-old commercial broilers were allocated to 4 treatments consisting of 6 replicates of 18 birds. The experimental treatments received the same Thr-deficient basal diet and were labeled as follows: 85%, 100%, 125%, and 150% of NRC (1994) recommendations. The results demonstrated that on 21 d and 42 d, average daily weight gain (ADG, 22 to 42 d, 0 to 42 d) increased quadratically or cubically as the inclusion of Thr increased, while feed conversion ratio (FCR, 0 to 21 d, 0 to 42 d) decreased quadratically or cubically as dietary Thr increase from 85% to 150%...
October 28, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722063/the-protective-effect-of-procyanidin-against-lps-induced-acute-gut-injury-by-the-regulations-of-oxidative-state
#5
Qiu Jue Wu, Yu Qin Wang, Yan Xia Qi
BACKGROUND: A 2 × 4 factorial arrangement of treatments was used to investigate the protective effect of procyanidin (PCA) against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute gut injury by the regulations of oxidative state for a 21-days feeding trial. METHODS: A total of 384 1-days-old broiler chicks were assigned to 8 treatments with 8 replicate of 6 broiler chickens per pen. Broiler chickens fed diets based on 4 levels of dietary PCA (0, 0.05, 0.075 and 0.1 % of the requirements)...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721631/herpes-zoster-a-clinicocytopathological-insight
#6
Snehal Shah, Sasidhar Singaraju, A Einstein, Ashish Sharma
Herpes zoster or shingles is reactivation of the varicella zoster virus that had entered the cutaneous nerve endings during an earlier episode of chicken pox traveled to the dorsal root ganglia and remained in a latent form. This condition is characterized by occurrence of multiple, painful, unilateral vesicles and ulceration which shows a typical single dermatome involvement. In this case report, we present a patient with herpes zoster involving the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve, with unilateral vesicles over the right side of lower third of face along the trigeminal nerve tract, with intraoral involvement of buccal mucosa, labial mucosa and the tongue of the same side...
September 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697713/neurotoxicity-induced-by-arsenic-in-gallus-gallus-regulation-of-oxidative-stress-and-heat-shock-protein-response
#7
Panpan Zhao, Ying Guo, Wen Zhang, Hongliang Chai, Houjuan Xing, Mingwei Xing
Arsenic, a naturally occurring heavy metal pollutant, is one of the functioning risk factors for neurological toxicity in humans. However, little is known about the effects of arsenic on the nervous system of Gallus Gallus. To investigate whether arsenic induce neurotoxicity and influence the oxidative stress and heat shock proteins (Hsps) response in chickens, seventy-two 1-day-old male Hy-line chickens were treated with different doses of arsenic trioxide (As2O3). The histological changes, antioxidant enzyme activity, and the expressions of Hsps were detected...
January 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669305/protective-effects-of-sporoderm-broken-spores-of-ganderma-lucidum-on-growth-performance-antioxidant-capacity-and-immune-function-of-broiler-chickens-exposed-to-low-level-of-aflatoxin-b%C3%A2
#8
Tao Liu, Qiugang Ma, Lihong Zhao, Ru Jia, Jianyun Zhang, Cheng Ji, Xinyue Wang
This study was conducted to investigate the toxic effects of aflatoxin B₁ (AFB₁) and evaluate the effects of sporoderm-broken spores of Ganoderma lucidum (SSGL) in relieving aflatoxicosis in broilers. A total of 300 one-day-old male Arbor Acre broiler chickens were randomly divided into four dietary treatments; the treatment diets were: Control (a basal diet containing normal peanut meal); AFB₁ (the basal diet containing AFB₁-contaminated peanut meal); SSGL (basal diet with 200 mg/kg of SSGL); AFB₁+SSGL (supplementation of 200 mg/kg of SSGL in AFB₁ diet)...
2016: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610735/concurrent-fowlpox-and-candidiasis-diseases-in-backyard-chickens-with-unusual-pox-lesions-in-the-bursa-of-fabricius
#9
Fusae Ogasawara, Yu Yamamoto, Yasuo Sato, Kazuhiro Fukunari, Ken-Ichi Murata, Gakuji Yaegashi, Makiko Goto, Ryukoh Murakami
Concurrent fowlpox and candidiasis diseases occurred in a backyard chicken flock. Four deceased chickens (one Nagoya breed and three white silkie chickens) were examined for diagnosis. At necropsy, white curd-like plaques were observed in the crop. Fungal elements that stained positive for Candida albicans with immunohistochemistry were distributed throughout the tongue, choanal mucosa, esophagus, and crop. Typical fowlpox lesions, composed of proliferating epithelial cells with ballooning degeneration and viral intracytoplasmic inclusions, were observed in the conjunctiva, nasal mucosa, and skin around the cloaca...
September 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542459/underlying-connections-between-the-redox-system-imbalance-protein-oxidation-and-impaired-quality-traits-in-pale-soft-and-exudative-pse-poultry-meat
#10
Rafael H Carvalho, Elza I Ida, Marta S Madruga, Sandra L Martínez, Massami Shimokomaki, Mario Estévez
The connections between the redox imbalance in post-mortem muscle, early protein oxidation and the onset of pale, soft and exudative (PSE) condition in chicken breast are studied. PSE was induced by incubation of post-mortem chicken carcasses at 37°C for 200min. PSE-induced muscle consistently had faster pH decline and lower pH at 200min (5.84 vs. 6.59) and 24h (5.69 vs. 5.96), higher L(∗) (54.4 vs. 57.3), and lower texture and water holding capacity (WHC) than normal meat. The activities of catalase, glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase were significantly lower in PSE-induced samples than in the normal counterparts...
January 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499663/correlation-between-antioxidant-enzyme-activity-free-iron-content-and-lipid-oxidation-in-four-lines-of-korean-native-chicken-meat
#11
Dicky Tri Utama, Seung Gyu Lee, Ki Ho Baek, Hye-Kyung Kim, Chang-Yeon Cho, Cheol-Koo Lee, Sung Ki Lee
This study was conducted to observe the association between antioxidant enzyme activity, free iron content and lipid oxidation of Korean native chicken (KNC) meat during refrigerated storage. Four lines of KNC (Yeonsan ogye, Hyunin black, Hoengseong yakdak and Hwangbong) were raised under similar conditions. A total of 16 roosters were randomly sampled and slaughtered at the age of 12 mon. The breast and thigh meats were stored aerobically for 10 d at 4℃. Although thigh meat had higher antioxidant enzyme activity, it was more susceptible to lipid oxidation and released more iron during storage than breast meat...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486257/supplemental-effects-of-probiotic-bacillus-subtilis-fmbj-on-growth-performance-antioxidant-capacity-and-meat-quality-of-broiler-chickens
#12
Kaiwen Bai, Qiang Huang, Jingfei Zhang, Jintian He, Lili Zhang, Tian Wang
This study aimed to investigate the supplemental effects of probiotic Bacillus subtilis fmbJ (BS fmbJ) on growth performance, antioxidant capacity, and meat quality of broiler chickens. A total of 240 day-old male Arbor Acres (AA) broiler chickens were randomly allotted to 4 treatments and raised for 6 wk. Each treatment had 6 replicate pens with ten birds per replicate. Birds in the control group (CON) were fed diets without BS fmbJ and antibiotics. The BS groups were fed the basal diets with BS fmbJ at 2 × 10(10) cfu/kg (BS-1 group), BS fmbJ at 3 × 10(10) cfu/kg (BS-2 group), BS fmbJ at 4 × 10(10) cfu/kg (BS-3 group) without antibiotics for 42 d...
August 2, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476377/-ecthyma-gangrenosum-of-the-eyelid-after-chickenpox
#13
M-S Ouédraogo, N Korsaga Somé, G-P Tapsoba, A-N Ouédraogo, K-A Sondo, I-A Inouss, M-L Sanou, T Konsem, J Sakandé, F Barro Traoré, P Niamba, A Traoré
BACKGROUND: Ecthyma gangrenosum is an acute ulcer necrotic skin infection frequently caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. It is characterised by necrotic ulcerations circumscribed by an inflammatory halo. Lesions are normally found in the anal, genital and axillary regions. Ecthyma gangrenosum is most commonly seen in immunodepressed patients (cytotoxic chemotherapy, HIV infection, neutropenia or functional neutrophil deficiency, agammaglobulinemia). It is a rarely described complication in chicken pox...
October 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433112/effects-of-gaseous-ozone-exposure-on-bacterial-counts-and-oxidative-properties-in-chicken-and-duck-breast-meat
#14
Muhlisin Muhlisin, Dicky Tri Utama, Jae Ho Lee, Ji Hye Choi, Sung Ki Lee
The effects of gaseous ozone exposure on the bacterial counts and oxidative properties were evaluated in duck and chicken breast fillets, which were stored under a continuous flux of gaseous ozone (10×10(-6) kg O3/m(3)/h) at 4±1℃ for 4 d. The ozone generator was set to on for 15 min and off for 105 min, and this cyclic timer was set during storage. Ozone effectively reduced the growth of coliform, aerobic and anaerobic bacteria in both chicken and duck breast. However, lipid oxidation occurred faster in duck breast than chicken breast with higher degree of discoloration, TBARS value, and antioxidant enzyme (glutathione peroxidase and catalase) activity decline rates...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27406580/anesthetic-management-of-a-parturient-with-varicella-presenting-for-cesarean-delivery
#15
A L Janardhan, N Gupta, S Prakash, R Lal Gogna
Varicella (chicken pox) infection is associated with a significant risk of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The choice of anesthetic technique, either neuraxial or general anesthesia, in such patients remains controversial. Anesthetic management depends not only on the extent of disease involvement and associated complications, but also on the indication for cesarean delivery. We present the anesthetic management of a 25-year-old parturient with acute varicella infection who underwent emergency cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia...
December 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365942/molar-incisor-hypomineralization-an-epidemiological-study-with-prevalence-and-etiological-factors-in-indian-pediatric-population
#16
Apurva Mishra, Ramesh K Pandey
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) in Indian children and to analyze the possible etiological factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: First permanent molars and all permanent incisors were examined in 1,369 children aged 8 to 12 years. Examinations were performed by two calibrated observers. The subjects were evaluated using judgment criteria proposed by Weerheijm et al in 2003. The parents accompanying children were given a questionnaire regarding pre- and postnatal history of the children...
April 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323702/supranutritional-dietary-selenium-depressed-expression-of-selenoprotein-genes-in-three-immune-organs-of-broilers
#17
Jiayong Tang, Xiaofeng Huang, Longqiong Wang, Qiang Li, Jinyang Xu, Gang Jia, Guangmang Liu, Xiaoling Chen, Haiying Shang, Hua Zhao
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of supranutritional dietary selenium (Se) on selenoproteins expression in three immune organs of chickens. A total of 160 1-day-old male Cobb broilers were randomly divided into two groups and fed a Se-deficient corn-soybean basal diet supplemented with 0.3 (adequate) and 3.0 (excess) mg/kg Se for 42 days. Immune organs were collected, and effects of supranutritional Se on messenger RNA abundance of 23 selenoprotein genes and eight inflammation-related genes were compared at day 42...
June 21, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27290759/-the-sister-in-the-early-days-of-the-nhs
#18
Harold Ellis
All the readers of this journal will have read and heard about the ward and operating theatre sisters in 'the old days'. What were they really like, and what was it like to work with them in the hospitals of those far-off times? I entered the old Radcliffe Infirmary Oxford in the summer of 1945, just as World War II was drawing to a close, as a 19 year old student to start my clinical training. I then qualified in July 1948, the very month the NHS came into being, and started my surgical career as house surgeon...
April 2016: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279620/role-for-the-%C3%AE-v-integrin-subunit-in-varicella-zoster-virus-mediated-fusion-and-infection
#19
Edward Yang, Ann M Arvin, Stefan L Oliver
UNLABELLED: Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) is an alphaherpesvirus that causes varicella and herpes zoster. Membrane fusion is essential for VZV entry and the distinctive syncytium formation in VZV-infected skin and neuronal tissue. Herpesvirus fusion is mediated by a complex of glycoproteins gB and gH-gL, which are necessary and sufficient for VZV to induce membrane fusion. However, the cellular requirements of fusion are poorly understood. Integrins have been implicated to facilitate entry of several human herpesviruses, but their role in VZV entry has not yet been explored...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27250891/is-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-a-risk-factor-for-basal-cell-carcinoma
#20
M Chisti, R Almasri, I Hamadah
BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common epithelial neoplasm of skin. Risk factors for the development of BCC include intermittent intense sun exposure, radiation therapy, family history of BCC, immune suppression and fair complexion, especially red hair. It can originate in scars like small pox, vaccination, chicken pox or surgical scars. OBJECTIVE AND CONCLUSION: We present a case of basal cell carcinoma arising in a leishmania scar on the nose, sixty years after the primary lesion...
May 2016: Gulf Journal of Oncology
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