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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928625/staphylococcal-endocarditis-after-chicken-pox-in-a-child-with-structurally-normal-heart
#1
Dheeraj Deo Bhatt, Nihit Kharkwal, Dinesh Kumar Yadav
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911262/alleviation-by-gamma-amino-butyric-acid-supplementation-of-chronic-heat-stress-induced-degenerative-changes-in-jejunum-in-commercial-broiler-chickens
#2
Rasha A Al Wakeel, Mustafa Shukry, Ahmed Abdel Azeez, Shawky Mahmoud, Michel Fahmy Saad
High ambient temperature adversely influences poultry production. In the present study, gamma amino butyric acid (GABA) supplementation was used to alleviate the adverse changes due to heat stress (HS) in a broiler chicken strain (Ross 308). At 21 days of age, the birds were divided into four groups of 13. Two groups were housed under normal room temperature, one group was given orally 0.2 ml 0.9% physiological saline (CN) daily, the other group received 0.2 ml of 0.5% GABA solution orally (GN). A third group was exposed to environmental HS (33 ± 1 °C lasting for 2 weeks) + physiological saline (CH) and a fourth group was exposed to HS + GABA supplementation (GH)...
September 15, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906132/effects-of-different-dietary-sources-and-levels-of-selenium-supplements-on-growth-performance-antioxidant-status-and-immune-parameters-in-ross-308-broiler-chickens
#3
R Bakhshalinejad, Reza Akbari Moghaddam Kakhki, E Zoidis
1. Although different impacts of various sources of Selenium (Se) on chicken performance have been largely studied, there is a lack of comparative experiments studying the effects of these sources on immune system and antioxidant indices of broiler tissues. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of various sources and levels of dietary Se supplements on performance, antioxidant status and immune parameters in Ross 308 broiler chickens. 2. A total of 1200 one-day-old male broilers (Ross × Ross 308) were divided into 8 treatments with 6 replicate pens and 25 birds per pen...
September 14, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844720/development-and-standardization-of-an-in-house-indirect-elisa-for-detection-of-duck-antibody-to-fowl-cholera
#4
Pichayanut Poolperm, Thanya Varinrak, Yasushi Kataoka, Khajornsak Tragoolpua, Takuo Sawada, Nattawooti Sthitmatee
Serological tests, such as agglutination and indirect hemagglutination assay (IHA), have been used to identify antibodies against Pasteurella multocida in poultry sera, but none are highly sensitive. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) has been used with varying degrees of success in attempts to monitor seroconversion in vaccinated poultry, but are not suitable for diagnosis. Commercial ELISA kits are available for chickens and turkeys, but not for ducks. The present study reports development and standardization of an in-house indirect ELISA for detection of duck antibody to fowl cholera...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783600/selenium-antagonizes-cadmium-induced-apoptosis-in-chicken-spleen-but-not-involving-nrf2-regulated-antioxidant-response
#5
Menghao Chen, Xiaojing Li, Ruifeng Fan, Changyu Cao, Haidong Yao, Shiwen Xu
The nuclear transcription factor NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) binds to antioxidant response elements (AREs) and is involved in the regulation of genes participated in defending cells against oxidative damage, which have been confirmed in animal models. Selenium (Se), known as an important element in the regulation of antioxidant activity, can antagonize Cadmium (Cd) toxicity in birds. However, the role of Nrf2 in selenium-cadmium interaction has not been reported in birds. To further explore the mechanism of selenium attenuating spleen toxicity induced by cadmium in chickens, cadmium chloride (CdCl2, 150mg/kg) and sodium selenite (Na2SeO3, 2mg/kg) were co-administrated or individually administered in the diet of chickens for 90 days...
August 4, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780710/regression-of-neonatal-cardiac-rhabdomyoma-in-two%C3%A2-months-through-low-dose-everolimus-therapy-a-report-of-three-cases
#6
Jeng-Sheng Chang, Ping-Yun Chiou, Shu-Hui Yao, I-Ching Chou, Ching-Yuang Lin
Cardiac rhabdomyoma (CR) is the most common cardiac tumor in newborns. Approximately 75% of cases are associated with tuberous sclerosis complex. Although these tumors usually spontaneously regress after 2 years of age, they can be life-threatening when they obstruct major cardiac inflow or outflow pathways. Everolimus is an inhibitor of the mammalian target of rapamycin, reducing its production of the proteins harmartin and tuberin. Everolimus has demonstrated a remarkable suppression effect in children with tuberous sclerosis complex at doses of 4...
August 5, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702872/dietary-supplementation-of-selenium-enriched-probiotics-enhances-meat-quality-of-broiler-chickens-gallus-gallus-domesticus-raised-under-high-ambient-temperature
#7
Alam Zeb Khan, Shahnawaz Kumbhar, Yunhuan Liu, Mohammad Hamid, Cuiling Pan, Sonia Agostinho Nido, Fahmida Parveen, Kehe Huang
We investigated the effects of selenium-enriched probiotics (SP) on broiler meat quality under high ambient temperature and explore their underlying mechanisms. A total of 200 1-day-old male broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly allotted to four treatment groups, each with five replicates, in groups of ten birds. These birds were fed a corn-soybean basal diet (C), a basal diet plus probiotics supplementation (P), a basal diet plus Se supplementation in the form of sodium selenite (SS, 0.30 mg Se/kg), and a basal diet with the addition of selenium-enriched probiotics (SP, 0...
July 12, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681127/selenium-antagonizes-the-lead-induced-apoptosis-of-chicken-splenic-lymphocytes-in-vitro-by-activating-the-pi3k-akt-pathway
#8
Da Zhao, Xinyan Zhang
Lead (Pb) pollution has become one of the most serious global ecological problems. In animals, Pb ingestion induces apoptosis in many tissues. However, the mechanisms by which Pb induces apoptosis in chicken splenic lymphocytes in vitro via the PI3K/Akt pathway and the antagonistic effect of selenium (Se) on Pb remain unclear. Therefore, we established the in vitro Se-Pb interaction model in chicken splenic lymphocytes and examined the frequency of apoptotic cells using acridine orange/ethidium bromide (AO/EB) staining and the TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling assay and detected the activities of glutathione peroxidase (GPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT), as well as the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
July 5, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633386/oral-administration-of-tea-saponins-to-relive-oxidative-stress-and-immune-suppression-in-chickens
#9
X Chi, S Bi, W Xu, Y Zhang, S Liang, S Hu
The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of tea saponins on oxidative stress induced by cyclophosphamide in chickens. One hundred twenty chickens were randomly divided into 5 groups. Groups 3 to 4 received intramuscular injection of cyclophosphamide to induce oxidative stress and immunosuppression. After that, groups 2 and 4 were orally administered tea saponins in drinking water for 7 d. Then, groups 1 to 4 were immunized with a live, bivalent vaccine of Newcastle disease virus and infectious bronchitis virus...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624261/dutch-health-websites-and-their-ability-to-inform-people-with-low-health-literacy
#10
Corine S Meppelink, Julia C M van Weert, Anna Brosius, Edith G Smit
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether Dutch online health information (OHI) generally reflects message elements that support information processing and understanding among people with low health literacy. METHODS: We content-analyzed one hundred Dutch webpages about Ebola, fibromyalgia, ALS, losing weight, borderline personality disorder, hemorrhoids, ADD, bladder infection, shingles, and chicken pox. The codebook covered the following domains: images and videos, readability level, Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM), advertising, interactive features, and reliability cues...
November 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620135/ammonium-glycyrrhizin%C3%A2-counteracts-liver-injury-caused-by-lipopolysaccharide-amoxicillin-clavulanate-potassium
#11
Zugong Yu, Feng Wu, Jing Tian, Xuewen Guo, Ran An, Yangyang Guo
We treated isolated chicken primary hepatocytes with lipopolysaccharide/amoxicillin clavulanate potassium (LPS/AC) to model liver injury and investigate its underlying mechanisms. We also used this model to assess the cytoprotective effects of compound ammonium glycyrrhizin (CAG) in vitro. LPS/AC-induced injury decreased cell viability and increased the activity of serum aspartate transaminase and alanine transaminase. Levels of superoxide dismutase, glutathione, and glutathione peroxidase were lower than control, while levels of the oxidative product malondialdehyde and reactive oxygen species were higher...
May 30, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618762/antiinflammatory-and-antioxidant-effects-of-gemcitabine-in-collagen-induced-arthritis-model
#12
Adile Ferda Dağli, Ahmet Karataş, Cemal Orhan, Mehmet Tuzcu, Metin Özgen, Kazım Şahin, Süleyman Serdar Koca
BACKGROUND/AIM: Gemcitabine (GEM) has antiproliferative effects on lymphocytes, which are potent pathogenic actors of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of the study was to investigate the therapeutic potential of GEM on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Arthritis was induced by the intradermal injection of chicken type II collagen with incomplete Freund's adjuvant into albino Wistar rats. Doses of 5 and 20 mg/kg GEM were administered twice a week after the 14th day, which marked the onset the arthritis...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516388/effects-of-different-selenium-sources-on-growth-performance-antioxidant-capacity-and-meat-quality-of-local-chinese-subei-chickens
#13
J L Li, L Zhang, Z Y Yang, Z Y Zhang, Y Jiang, F Gao, G H Zhou
Despite increasing evidence indicating the essential involvement of selenium (Se) on growth performance, antioxidant capacity, and meat quality of commercial broilers, the effects of different Se sources on local Chinese Subei chickens is unclear. A total of 360 50-day-old male chickens were individually weighed and randomly allocated to four treatment groups. Chickens in each of the four groups were fed diets supplemented with 0.3 mg Se/kg as sodium Se (SS), Se-enriched yeast (SY), selenomethionine (Met-Se), or nano red element Se (Nano-Se) for 40 days...
May 17, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432527/effects-of-agaricus-blazei-murill-polysaccharide-on-cadmium-poisoning-on-the-mda5-signaling-pathway-and-antioxidant-function-of-chicken-peripheral-blood-lymphocytes
#14
Ai Lv, Ming Ge, Xuequan Hu, Wenjing Liu, Guangxing Li, Ruili Zhang
This experimental study investigated the effect of Agaricus blazei Murill polysaccharide (ABP) on cadmium (Cd) poisoning on the melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5) signaling pathway and antioxidant function of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) in chickens. The experiments were divided into four groups: 7-day-old chickens with normal saline (0.2 mL single/day), Cd (140 mg/kg), ABP (30 mg/mL, 0.2 mL single/day), and Cd + ABP(140 mg/kg/day + 0.2 mL ABP). Peripheral blood was collected on the 20th, 40th, and 60th days for each group, and PBLs were separated...
April 21, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412990/influence-of-pre-storage-incubation-on-hatchability-traits-thyroid-hormones-antioxidative-status-and-immunity-of-newly-hatched-chicks-at-two-chicken-breeder-flock-ages
#15
T A Ebeid, F A Twfeek, M H Assar, A M Bealish, R E Abd El-Karim, M Ragab
Egg storage longer than 7 days is associated with negative effects on hatchability traits. Pre-storage incubation has been a suggested method to reduce the negative effects of long-term storage times by enhancing the developmental stage of the embryo and probably reducing the embryonic stress. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of pre-storage incubation and storage time on hatchability characteristics, chick quality and serum thyroid hormones, antioxidative properties and immunoglobulin Y (IgY) concentrations of newly hatched chicks at two breeder flock ages...
April 17, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409411/attenuating-effect-of-zinc-and-vitamin-e-on-the-intestinal-oxidative-stress-induced-by-silver-nanoparticles-in-broiler-chickens
#16
Zhigang Song, Jiadong Lv, Ardashir Sheikhahmadi, Julie Uerlings, Nadia Everaert
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been increasingly used as antimicrobial and disinfectant. However, intestinal model studies have shown that AgNPs induce oxidative stress. Hence, this study aims to investigate the effects of dietary supplemental zinc (Zn) and vitamin E (VE; α-tocopherol acetate) on attenuating AgNP-induced intestinal oxidative stress in broiler chickens. The chickens were divided into two groups as follows: (1) control group fed with a corn-soybean meal basal diet and (2) nano group, received drinking water containing 1000 mg/kg AgNPs...
April 14, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408118/a-novel-combined-vaccine-based-on-monochimeric-vlp-co-displaying-multiple-conserved-epitopes-against-enterovirus-71-and-varicella-zoster-virus
#17
Yangtao Wu, Rui Zhu, Longfa Xu, Yongchao Li, Shuxuan Li, Hai Yu, Shaowei Li, Hua Zhu, Tong Cheng, Ningshao Xia
Chicken pox and hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) are two major infectious diseases that mainly affect infants and children, causing significant morbidity annually. Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) and enterovirus 71 (EV71), respectively, are the principal epidemic pathogens causing these two diseases. To investigate the possibility of developing a novel combined vaccine to prevent chicken pox and HFMD, we constructed three chimeric virus-like particles (VLPs) (termed HBc-V/1/2, HBc-2/V/1 and HBc-1/2/V) based on the hepatitis B core antigen (HBc) carrier that display epitopes derived from VZV-gE, EV71-VP1, and EV71-VP2 in a varied tandem manner...
May 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367398/varicella-zoster-virus-glycoproteins-entry-replication-and-pathogenesis
#18
Stefan L Oliver, Edward Yang, Ann M Arvin
Varicella-zoster virus (VZV), an alphaherpesvirus that causes chicken pox (varicella) and shingles (herpes zoster), is a medically important pathogen that causes considerable morbidity and, on occasion, mortality in immunocompromised patients. Herpes zoster can afflict the elderly with a debilitating condition, postherpetic neuralgia, triggering severe, untreatable pain for months or years. The lipid envelope of VZV, similar to all herpesviruses, contains numerous glycoproteins required for replication and pathogenesis...
December 2016: Current Clinical Microbiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367146/lack-of-evidence-that-selenium-yeast-improves-chicken-health-and-modulates-the-caecal-microbiota-in-the-context-of-colonization-by-campylobacter-jejuni
#19
Alexandre Thibodeau, Ann Letellier, Étienne Yergeau, Guillaume Larrivière-Gauthier, Philippe Fravalo
Faced with ever-increasing demand, the industrial production of food animals is under pressure to increase its production. In order to keep productivity, quality, and safety standards up while reducing the use of antibiotics, farmers are seeking new feed additives. In chicken production, one of these additives is selenium. This element is expected to confer some advantages in terms of animal health and productivity, but its impact on chicken intestinal microbiota as well as on the carriage of foodborne pathogens is unknown...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295656/effect-of-dietary-polyphenol-rich-grape-seed-on-growth-performance-antioxidant-capacity-and-ileal-microflora-in-broiler-chicks
#20
S H Abu Hafsa, S A Ibrahim
In this study, we examined the effect of dietary supplementation with grape seed (GS) on the performance, carcass traits, plasma biochemistry, antioxidant status and ileal microflora in broilers. Experiment diets included a control diet (without additive) and three levels of GS powder (10, 20 and 40 g/kg of diet). Each diet was fed to a total of 300 one-day-old Cobb-500 chicks for 42 days. The addition of 20 g/kg of GS to the basal diet increased final body weight and body weight gain, improved the feed conversion ratio and did not affect feed intake...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
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