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Chicken pox

Xiu-Qing Jiang, Chang-Yu Cao, Zhao-Yang Li, Wei Li, Cong Zhang, Jia Lin, Xue-Nan Li, Jing-Long Li
Selenium (Se) incorporated in selenoproteins as selenocysteine and supports various important cellular and organismal functions. We recently reported that chicken brain exhibited high priority for Se supply and retention under conditions of dietary Se deficiency and supernutrition Li et al. (2012) . However, the selenotranscriptome expressions and their response to Se status in chicken central nervous system (CNS) are unclear. To better understand the relationship of Se homeostasis and selenoproteins expression in chicken CNS, 1day-old HyLine White chickens were fed a low Se diet (Se-L, 0...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Maricarmen García
Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) is an economically important respiratory disease of poultry that affects the industry worldwide. Vaccination is the principal tool in the control of the disease. Two types of vaccines, live attenuated and recombinant viral vector, are commercially available. The first generation of GaHV-1 vaccines available since the early 1960's are live viruses, attenuated by continuous passages in cell culture or embryos. These vaccines significantly reduce mortalities and, in particular, the chicken embryo origin (CEO) vaccines have shown to limit outbreaks of the disease...
December 24, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
Si-Wen Li, Xiao Sun, Ying He, Ying Guo, Hong-Jing Zhao, Zhi-Jun Hou, Ming-Wei Xing
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) in the chicken heart, and 72 1-day-old male Hy-line chickens were fed either a commercial diet (C group) or an arsenic supplement diet containing 7.5 mg/kg (L group), 15 mg/kg (M group), or 30 mg/kg (H group) As2O3 for 90 days. The results showed that exposure to As2O3 merely lowered (P < 0.05) the activities of catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in M and H groups at 90 days, significantly downregulated the inhibition ability of hydroxyl radicals (OH·), and upregulated (P < 0...
January 4, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Omolbanin Amjadi, Alireza Rafiei, Mohammadreza Haghshenas, Reza Alizadeh Navaei, Reza Valadan, Zahra Hosseini-Khah, Akbar Hedayatizadeh Omran, Mohsen Arabi, Reza Jafari Shakib, Tahoora Mousavi, G Hossein Ashrafi
Varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes chicken pox as a primary infection following which it becomes latent in neurons. It may then reactivate to cause shingles (herpes zoster). Severity of lesions and VZV pathogenicity are depended on the host's immune response and variant in VZV Dr Athina Myrto ChioniIdentification of VZV seroprevalance rate in general population may lead to develop new health strategic managements such as vaccination. Therefore, we aimed to provide a systematic review of the seroprevalence of VZV infection among Iranian population and estimate age- and gender- specific prevalence of VZV...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Justyna Bohacz
Environmentally friendly strategies of waste management are both part of legal solutions currently in place and a focus of interest worldwide. Large-scale composting plants are set up across various regions while home composting is becoming increasingly popular. A variety of microbial groups are successively at work during composting and enzymatic activities detected in the composting mass fluctuate accordingly. Changes in the activities of oxidoreductases and hydrolases, i.e. glucose oxidase, horseradish peroxidase, lignin peroxidase, laccase, xylanase, superoxide dismutase and keratinase, low-molecular weight compounds, i...
December 13, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Xuequan Hu, Ruili Zhang, Yingying Xie, Hongmei Wang, Ming Ge
This study aimed to assess the protective roles of polysaccharides from Agaricus blazei Murill (ABP) against cadmium (Cd)-induced damage in chicken livers. A total of 80 Hy-Line laying chickens (7 days old) were randomly divided into four groups (n = 20). Group I (control) was fed with a basic diet and 0.2 ml saline per day, group II (Cd-treated group) was fed with a basic diet containing 140 mg/kg cadmium chloride (CdCl2) and 0.2 ml saline per day, group III (Cd + ABP-treated group) was fed with a basic diet containing 140 mg/kg CdCl2 and 0...
December 9, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Yang Li, Yan Hu, Shuai Cui, Jiayuan Fu, Yixin Wang, Zhizhong Cui, Lichun Fang, Shuang Chang, Peng Zhao
The aim of this study was to investigate possible causes of the pervasiveness of chicken infectious anemia virus ( CIAV: ) infection in chickens in recent years in China. A total of 14 batches of live-virus vaccines were examined using PCR to detect CIAV contamination, of which only 2 samples (a Newcastle disease vaccine and a fowl pox vaccine) tested positive for CIAV. These Newcastle and fowl pox vaccines were then inoculated into 1-day-old specific-pathogen-free chickens. Serum samples were collected from chickens infected with the PCR-positive vaccines, and these tested positive for CIAV-specific antibodies as tested using ELISA...
November 2, 2016: Poultry Science
Steven L Shipp, Mark A Cline, Elizabeth R Gilbert
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) promotes adipogenesis in both birds and mammals, although mechanisms in avians remain unclear. The objective of this study was thus to evaluate effects of NPY on chick preadipocyte proliferation and differentiation. Preadipocytes were treated with 0, 1, 10, or 100 nmol/L NPY and gene expression and cellular proliferation were evaluated at 12, 24, and 48 h. At 12 h posttreatment, mRNA abundance of topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2A), and thioredoxin-dependent peroxidase 2 was upregulated and NPY was downregulated in response to NPY (0 vs...
November 2016: Physiological Reports
Edward Yang, Ann M Arvin, Stefan L Oliver
: The conserved glycoproteins gB and gH-gL are essential for herpesvirus entry and cell-cell fusion induced syncytium formation, a characteristic of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) pathology in skin and sensory ganglia. VZV syncytium formation, which has been implicated in the painful condition of postherpetic neuralgia, is regulated by the cytoplasmic domains of gB (gBcyt) via an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif (ITIM) and gH (gHcyt). A lysine cluster (K894, K897, K898, and K900) in the VZV gBcyt was identified by sequence alignment to be conserved among alphaherpesviruses, suggesting a functional role...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
Y N Min, S G Liu, Z X Qu, G H Meng, Y P Gao
A dose-response experiment was conducted to investigate the impacts of dietary threonine (Thr) levels on growth performance, serum biochemical indices, antioxidant capacities, and gut morphology of broiler chickens. Four hundred and thirty-two 1-d-old commercial broilers were allocated to 4 treatments consisting of 6 replicates of 18 birds. The experimental treatments received the same Thr-deficient basal diet and were labeled as follows: 85%, 100%, 125%, and 150% of NRC (1994) recommendations. The results demonstrated that on 21 d and 42 d, average daily weight gain (ADG, 22 to 42 d, 0 to 42 d) increased quadratically or cubically as the inclusion of Thr increased, while feed conversion ratio (FCR, 0 to 21 d, 0 to 42 d) decreased quadratically or cubically as dietary Thr increase from 85% to 150%...
October 28, 2016: Poultry Science
Qiu Jue Wu, Yu Qin Wang, Yan Xia Qi
BACKGROUND: A 2 × 4 factorial arrangement of treatments was used to investigate the protective effect of procyanidin (PCA) against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute gut injury by the regulations of oxidative state for a 21-days feeding trial. METHODS: A total of 384 1-days-old broiler chicks were assigned to 8 treatments with 8 replicate of 6 broiler chickens per pen. Broiler chickens fed diets based on 4 levels of dietary PCA (0, 0.05, 0.075 and 0.1 % of the requirements)...
2016: SpringerPlus
Snehal Shah, Sasidhar Singaraju, A Einstein, Ashish Sharma
Herpes zoster or shingles is reactivation of the varicella zoster virus that had entered the cutaneous nerve endings during an earlier episode of chicken pox traveled to the dorsal root ganglia and remained in a latent form. This condition is characterized by occurrence of multiple, painful, unilateral vesicles and ulceration which shows a typical single dermatome involvement. In this case report, we present a patient with herpes zoster involving the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve, with unilateral vesicles over the right side of lower third of face along the trigeminal nerve tract, with intraoral involvement of buccal mucosa, labial mucosa and the tongue of the same side...
September 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Panpan Zhao, Ying Guo, Wen Zhang, Hongliang Chai, Houjuan Xing, Mingwei Xing
Arsenic, a naturally occurring heavy metal pollutant, is one of the functioning risk factors for neurological toxicity in humans. However, little is known about the effects of arsenic on the nervous system of Gallus Gallus. To investigate whether arsenic induce neurotoxicity and influence the oxidative stress and heat shock proteins (Hsps) response in chickens, seventy-two 1-day-old male Hy-line chickens were treated with different doses of arsenic trioxide (As2O3). The histological changes, antioxidant enzyme activity, and the expressions of Hsps were detected...
January 2017: Chemosphere
Tao Liu, Qiugang Ma, Lihong Zhao, Ru Jia, Jianyun Zhang, Cheng Ji, Xinyue Wang
This study was conducted to investigate the toxic effects of aflatoxin B₁ (AFB₁) and evaluate the effects of sporoderm-broken spores of Ganoderma lucidum (SSGL) in relieving aflatoxicosis in broilers. A total of 300 one-day-old male Arbor Acre broiler chickens were randomly divided into four dietary treatments; the treatment diets were: Control (a basal diet containing normal peanut meal); AFB₁ (the basal diet containing AFB₁-contaminated peanut meal); SSGL (basal diet with 200 mg/kg of SSGL); AFB₁+SSGL (supplementation of 200 mg/kg of SSGL in AFB₁ diet)...
2016: Toxins
Fusae Ogasawara, Yu Yamamoto, Yasuo Sato, Kazuhiro Fukunari, Ken-Ichi Murata, Gakuji Yaegashi, Makiko Goto, Ryukoh Murakami
Concurrent fowlpox and candidiasis diseases occurred in a backyard chicken flock. Four deceased chickens (one Nagoya breed and three white silkie chickens) were examined for diagnosis. At necropsy, white curd-like plaques were observed in the crop. Fungal elements that stained positive for Candida albicans with immunohistochemistry were distributed throughout the tongue, choanal mucosa, esophagus, and crop. Typical fowlpox lesions, composed of proliferating epithelial cells with ballooning degeneration and viral intracytoplasmic inclusions, were observed in the conjunctiva, nasal mucosa, and skin around the cloaca...
September 2016: Avian Diseases
Rafael H Carvalho, Elza I Ida, Marta S Madruga, Sandra L Martínez, Massami Shimokomaki, Mario Estévez
The connections between the redox imbalance in post-mortem muscle, early protein oxidation and the onset of pale, soft and exudative (PSE) condition in chicken breast are studied. PSE was induced by incubation of post-mortem chicken carcasses at 37°C for 200min. PSE-induced muscle consistently had faster pH decline and lower pH at 200min (5.84 vs. 6.59) and 24h (5.69 vs. 5.96), higher L(∗) (54.4 vs. 57.3), and lower texture and water holding capacity (WHC) than normal meat. The activities of catalase, glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase were significantly lower in PSE-induced samples than in the normal counterparts...
January 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Dicky Tri Utama, Seung Gyu Lee, Ki Ho Baek, Hye-Kyung Kim, Chang-Yeon Cho, Cheol-Koo Lee, Sung Ki Lee
This study was conducted to observe the association between antioxidant enzyme activity, free iron content and lipid oxidation of Korean native chicken (KNC) meat during refrigerated storage. Four lines of KNC (Yeonsan ogye, Hyunin black, Hoengseong yakdak and Hwangbong) were raised under similar conditions. A total of 16 roosters were randomly sampled and slaughtered at the age of 12 mon. The breast and thigh meats were stored aerobically for 10 d at 4℃. Although thigh meat had higher antioxidant enzyme activity, it was more susceptible to lipid oxidation and released more iron during storage than breast meat...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
Kaiwen Bai, Qiang Huang, Jingfei Zhang, Jintian He, Lili Zhang, Tian Wang
This study aimed to investigate the supplemental effects of probiotic Bacillus subtilis fmbJ (BS fmbJ) on growth performance, antioxidant capacity, and meat quality of broiler chickens. A total of 240 day-old male Arbor Acres (AA) broiler chickens were randomly allotted to 4 treatments and raised for 6 wk. Each treatment had 6 replicate pens with ten birds per replicate. Birds in the control group (CON) were fed diets without BS fmbJ and antibiotics. The BS groups were fed the basal diets with BS fmbJ at 2 × 10(10) cfu/kg (BS-1 group), BS fmbJ at 3 × 10(10) cfu/kg (BS-2 group), BS fmbJ at 4 × 10(10) cfu/kg (BS-3 group) without antibiotics for 42 d...
January 1, 2017: Poultry Science
M-S Ouédraogo, N Korsaga Somé, G-P Tapsoba, A-N Ouédraogo, K-A Sondo, I-A Inouss, M-L Sanou, T Konsem, J Sakandé, F Barro Traoré, P Niamba, A Traoré
BACKGROUND: Ecthyma gangrenosum is an acute ulcer necrotic skin infection frequently caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. It is characterised by necrotic ulcerations circumscribed by an inflammatory halo. Lesions are normally found in the anal, genital and axillary regions. Ecthyma gangrenosum is most commonly seen in immunodepressed patients (cytotoxic chemotherapy, HIV infection, neutropenia or functional neutrophil deficiency, agammaglobulinemia). It is a rarely described complication in chicken pox...
October 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Muhlisin Muhlisin, Dicky Tri Utama, Jae Ho Lee, Ji Hye Choi, Sung Ki Lee
The effects of gaseous ozone exposure on the bacterial counts and oxidative properties were evaluated in duck and chicken breast fillets, which were stored under a continuous flux of gaseous ozone (10×10(-6) kg O3/m(3)/h) at 4±1℃ for 4 d. The ozone generator was set to on for 15 min and off for 105 min, and this cyclic timer was set during storage. Ozone effectively reduced the growth of coliform, aerobic and anaerobic bacteria in both chicken and duck breast. However, lipid oxidation occurred faster in duck breast than chicken breast with higher degree of discoloration, TBARS value, and antioxidant enzyme (glutathione peroxidase and catalase) activity decline rates...
2016: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
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