Read by QxMD icon Read

Mal practice

F Noirhomme-Renard, A Blavier, S Lachaussée, C Monville, C Nihoul, C Gosset
Child maltreatment, including all forms of mal¬treatment, remains a major public health problem in high-income countries. Healthcare professionals only contribute to a small proportion of reports. In French-speaking Belgium, almost 100 % of school-aged children are regularly submitted to periodical school health visits. The school health doctor is well placed to recognize neglected or abused children. Based on international good practice recommendations, this paper proposes means for the detection and management of child abuse in the context of school medicine...
October 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
Valeria Biasi, Rita Cerutti, Luca Mallia, Francesca Menozzi, Nazarena Patrizi, Cristiano Violani
Background: University students confront psychological difficulties that can negatively influence their academic performance. The present study aimed to assess several areas of adaptive and maladaptive psychological functioning among university students who request counseling services. Method: One hundred eighty-four young female students seeking professional psychological help (Counseling seekers) and 185 young female students who have never asked for psychological help (Non-counseling seekers) were asked to complete the Adult Self-Report (ASR) to evaluate both their internalizing and externalizing problems through DSM-oriented scales as well as their adaptive functioning...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Li Xiaobing
The etiology of malocclusions basically involves both congenital and environmental factors. Malocclusion is the result of the abnormal development of the orofacial complex (including tooth, dental alveolar bone, upper and lower jaws). Early orthodontic interceptive treatments involve the elimination of all congenital and environmental factors that contribute to the malformation of the orofacial complex, as well as interrupt the deviated development of the orofacial complex and the occlusion. Early orthodontic interceptive treatments mainly aim to use children's growth potential to correct abnormal developments of occlusions and orthodontically treat malocclusions more efficiently...
December 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
Tianhua Liu, Denghe Liu, Riqiang Liu, Hucong Jiang, Guoquan Yan, Wei Li, Lu Sun, Shu Zhang, Yinkun Liu, Kun Guo
The accuracy of current biomarkers for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), especially chronic Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)-related HCC, is limited. Recent progress in glycoproteomics has provided a novel platform for screening novel serological biomarkers of HCC. In this study, lectin affinity chromatography by Maackia amurensis lectin (MAL) and iTRAQ combined with mass spectrometric analysis were performed to enrich and identify the glycoprotein fractions in serum samples from HBV-related HCC patients and from healthy controls...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
N Boudville, Y Cho, K L Equinox, A E Figueiredo, C M Hawley, K Howard, D W Johnson, M Jose, A Lee, Mal Maley, J Maley, E M Pascoe, G Z Steiner, M Tomlins, D Voss, J Chow
INTRODUCTION: Up to a 10-fold difference in clinical outcomes between Australian peritoneal dialysis (PD) units exists. There is an international focus on the harmonisation of educational practices in PD to determine whether this may lead to improved patient outcomes. AIMS: Evaluate the current teaching practices of nurses and patients in Australian PD units. METHODS: An online survey with questions on nurse and patient training was made available to PD units in Australia...
January 2, 2017: Nephrology
Benjamin J J McCormick, Gwenyth O Lee, Jessica C Seidman, Rashidul Haque, Dinesh Mondal, Josiane Quetz, Aldo A M Lima, Sudhir Babji, Gagandeep Kang, Sanjaya K Shrestha, Carl J Mason, Shahida Qureshi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Maribel Paredes Olortegui, Pablo Peñataro Yori, Amidou Samie, Pascal Bessong, Caroline Amour, Estomih Mduma, Crystal L Patil, Richard L Guerrant, Dennis R Lang, Michael Gottlieb, Laura E Caulfield, Margaret N Kosek
Growth and development shortfalls that are disproportionately prevalent in children living in poor environmental conditions are postulated to result, at least in part, from abnormal gut function. Using data from The Etiology, Risk Factors, and Interactions of Enteric Infections and Malnutrition and the Consequences for Child Health and Development (MAL-ED) longitudinal cohort study, we examine biomarkers of gut inflammation and permeability in relation to environmental exposures and feeding practices. Trends in the concentrations of three biomarkers, myeloperoxidase (MPO), neopterin (NEO), and α-1-antitrypsin (AAT), are described from fecal samples collected during the first 2 years of each child's life...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Michael Gentry, Juraj Bodo, Lisa Durkin, Eric D Hsi
Myelin and lymphocyte (MAL) protein has been previously reported as a highly specific marker for distinguishing primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMBL) from diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (DLBCL, NOS). However, there has not been a commercially available MAL antibody for immunohistochemistry. We identified a commercially available MAL monoclonal antibody and evaluated it by immunohistochemistry on 43 cases of PMBL and 63 cases of DLBCL, NOS. We also compared this with a CD200 antibody that was previously reported useful in distinguishing PMBL and DLBCL, NOS...
February 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Naoki Iso, Shirou Ooso, Noboru Yamamoto, Takefumi Moriuchi, Akira Sagari, Fumiko Iso, Koji Tanaka, Takayuki Tabira, Toshio Higashi
[Purpose] The aim of this case study was to investigate whether a method of mental practice (MP) using an inverse video of a subject's unaffected limb to complement the vividness of motor imagery (MI) would be effective for improving affected upper limb function. [Subjects and Methods] The participant was 60-year-old male in the chronic stage of stroke recovery with left sided hemiparesis. The design of the study was AB method of Single-System-Design. He performed the MP as a home program with DVD. The intervention lasted 30 minutes a session, twice a day, 5 times a week, over 6 weeks...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Debbie Rand, Harold Weingarden, Ronit Weiss, Anat Yacoby, Shlomit Reif, Rachel Malka, David Andrew Shiller, Gabi Zeilig
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: On-going practice and use of the weaker upper extremity (UE) are important for maintaining and improving function in individuals with chronic stroke. The effectiveness of two self-training programs for UE function and daily-use was compared. METHODS: In this pilot, single-blinded clinical trial, individuals with chronic stroke were randomized to video-games or traditional self-training (1-hour/day, 6-times/week, 5 weeks). Assessments were performed pre-intervention (an average of two assessments), post-intervention, and at 4-week follow-up...
October 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Sally Ibbotson, Robin Stones, Jonathan Bowling, Sandra Campbell, Stephen Kownacki, Muthu Sivaramakrishnan, Ronan Valentine, Colin A Morton
BACKGROUND: Actinic keratoses (AKs) are a consequence of chronic exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Treatment of chronically photo-damaged skin and AKs is driven by risk of progression to squamous cell carcinoma, as well as for symptomatic relief. Conventional photodynamic therapy (c-PDT) is indicated when AKs are multiple or confluent and if patients respond poorly or are unable to tolerate other therapies. c-PDT is limited by the field size that can be treated in single sessions and can cause significant discomfort...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Amit Kumar, Sungi Kim, Jwa-Min Nam
The localized surface plasmon resonance of metal nanoparticles is the collective oscillation of electrons on particle surface, induced by incident light, and is a particle composition-, morphology-, and coupling-dependent property. Plasmonic engineering deals with highly precise formation of the targeted nanostructures with targeted plasmonic properties (e.g., electromagnetic field distribution and enhancement) via controlled synthetic, assembling, and atomic/molecular tuning strategies. These plasmonically engineered nanoprobes (PENs) have a variety of unique and beneficial physical, chemical, and biological properties, including optical signal enhancement, catalytic, and local temperature-tuning photothermal properties...
November 9, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Hyun Seung Oh, Eun Joo Kim, Doo Young Kim, Soo Jeong Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of adjuvant mental practice (MP) on affected upper limb function following a stroke using three-dimensional (3D) motion analysis. METHODS: In this AB/BA crossover study, we studied 10 hemiplegic patients who had a stroke within the past 6 months. The patients were randomly allocated to two groups: one group received MP combined with conventional rehabilitation therapy for the first 3 weeks followed by conventional rehabilitation therapy alone for the final 3 weeks; the other group received the same therapy but in reverse order...
June 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Carmen Cantisani, Giovanni Paolino, Giovanni Pellacani, Dario Didona, Marco Scarno, Valentina Faina, Tommaso Gobello, Stefano Calvieri
Non-melanoma skin cancer is the most common skin cancer with an incidence that varies widely worldwide. Among them, actinic keratosis (AK), considered by some authors as in situ squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), are the most common and reflect an abnormal multistep skin cell development due to the chronic ultraviolet (UV) light exposure. No ideal treatment exists, but the potential risk of their development in a more invasive form requires prompt treatment. As patients usually present with multiple AK on fields of actinic damage, there is a need for effective, safe, simple and short treatments which allow the treatment of large areas...
July 11, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Mayra Montalvo, Rushna Ali, Brian Silver, Muhib Khan
Cryptogenic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) account for approximately one-third of stroke patients [1]. Paroxys-mal atrial fibrillation (PAF) has been suggested as a major etiology of these cryptogenic strokes [2, 3]. PAF can be difficult to diagnose because it is intermittent, often brief, and asymptomatic. PAF might be more prevalent than persistent atrial fibrillation in stroke and TIA patients, especially in younger populations [4, 5]. In patients with atrial fibrillation, anticoagulation provides significant risk reduction [6]...
2016: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
Samuel J E Lucas, Jørn W Helge, Uwe H W Schütz, Ralph F Goldman, James D Cotter
This review addresses human capacity for movement in the context of extreme loading and with it the combined effects of metabolic, biomechanical and gravitational stress on the human body. This topic encompasses extreme duration, as occurs in ultra-endurance competitions (e.g. adventure racing and transcontinental races) and expeditions (e.g. polar crossings), to the more gravitationally limited load carriage (e.g. in the military context). Juxtaposed to these circumstances is the extreme metabolic and mechanical unloading associated with space travel, prolonged bedrest and sedentary lifestyle, which may be at least as problematic, and are therefore included as a reference, e...
2016: Extreme Physiology & Medicine
Manoj Kumar, Ashok Kumar Yadav, Vinod Verma, Birbal Singh, Gorakh Mal, Ravinder Nagpal, Rajkumar Hemalatha
Despite the use of microorganisms as therapeutics for over a century, the scientific and clinical admiration of their potential is a recent phenomenon. Genome sequencing and genetic engineering has enabled researchers to develop novel strategies, such as bioengineered probiotics or pharmabiotics, which may become a therapeutic strategy. Bioengineered probiotics with multiple immunogenic or antagonistic properties could be a viable option to improve human health. The bacteria are tailored to deliver drugs, therapeutic proteins or gene therapy vectors with precision and a higher degree of site specificity than conventional drug administration regimes...
2016: Future Microbiology
Vaishnevi N Thirunavukkarasu, Srinivas Sulugodu Ramachandra, Daniel D Dicksit, Kalyan C Gundavarapu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Various extraction protocols have been followed for successful orthodontic treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extraction protocols in patients who had previously undergone orthodontic treatment and also who had reported for continuing orthodontic treatment from other clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred thirty eight patients who registered for orthodontic treatment at the Faculty of Dentistry were divided into 10 extraction protocols based on the Orthodontic treatment protocol given by Janson et al...
January 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Melissa S Y Thong, Adrian A Kaptein, Pauline A J Vissers, Gerard Vreugdenhil, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse
PURPOSE: Cancer survivors construct perceptions of illness as a (mal)adaptive mechanism. These perceptions motivate/drive subsequent self-management behaviors toward symptoms and treatment that influence health outcomes. Negative illness perceptions have been associated with increased mortality in other chronically ill groups. However, this association is under-researched in cancer survivors. We aimed to explore the association between illness perceptions and mortality in stage I-III progression-free colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
Esther Blanco, Beatriz Guerra, Beatriz G de la Torre, Sira Defaus, Aldo Dekker, David Andreu, Francisco Sobrino
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) causes a highly contagious disease of cloven-hoofed animals. We have reported (Cubillos et al., 2008) that a synthetic dendrimeric peptide consisting of four copies of a B-cell epitope [VP1(136-154)] linked through thioether bonds to a T-cell epitope [3A(21-35)] of FMDV [B4T(thi)] elicits potent B- and T-cell specific responses and confers solid protection in pigs to type C FMDV challenge. Herein we show that downsized versions of this peptide bearing two copies of a B-cell epitope from a type O isolate and using thioether [B2T(thi)] or maleimide [B2T(mal)] conjugation chemistries for their synthesis elicited in swine similar or higher B and T-cell specific responses than tetravalent B4T(thi)...
May 2016: Antiviral Research
Brian G A Dalton, Katherine W Gonzalez, Michael C Keirsy, Douglas C Rivard, Shawn D St Peter
PURPOSE: Historically, a chest radiograph was obtained after central line placement in the operating room. Recent retrospective studies have questioned the need for this radiograph. The prevailing current practice at our center is to order chest radiograph only for symptomatic patients. This study examines the outcomes of selective chest radiography after fluoroscopic guided central line placement. METHODS: After obtaining institutional review board approval, a single institution retrospective chart review of patients undergoing central venous catheter placement by the pediatric surgery or interventional radiology service between January 2010 and July 2014 was performed...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"