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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775135/sex-offender-supervision-communication-training-and-mutual-respect-are-necessary-for-effective-collaboration-between-probation-officers-and-therapists
#1
Nicholas P Newstrom, Michael Miner, Chris Hoefer, R Karl Hanson, Beatrice Bean E Robinson
Developed with the goal of preventing recidivism, contemporary sex offender supervision models focus on collaboration between probation officers and therapists. This exploratory study used focus groups to examine the working relationships between probation officers and therapists from two large U.S. urban probation departments. Overall, both probation officers and therapists were quite positive about their working relationships; they valued each others' roles and agreed that regular, accurate, and timely communication occurred frequently...
May 1, 2018: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766143/when-should-screening-of-pediatric-trauma-patients-for-adult-behaviors-start
#2
Adrian A Maung, Robert D Becher, Kevin M Schuster, Kimberly A Davis
Background: Care of patients with trauma is not only limited to the sustained physical injuries but also requires addressing social issues, such as substance abuse and interpersonal violence, which are responsible for trauma-related recidivism. This study investigates whether there are age-related variations in these problematic social behaviors to analyze whether there is an age cut-off at which point adolescents should be screened for adult social behaviors. Methods: Retrospective review of patients with trauma aged 12-21 admitted to an urban Level 1 adult and pediatric trauma center between February 2013 and April 2016...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763395/what-is-the-institutional-duty-of-trauma-systems-to-respond-to-gun-violence
#3
Sara Scarlet, Selwyn O Rogers
In the past, trauma centers have almost exclusively focused on caring for patients who suffer from physical trauma resulting from violence. However, as clinicians' perspectives on violence shift, violence prevention and intervention have been increasingly recognized as integral aspects of trauma care. Hospital-based violence intervention programs are an emerging strategy for ending the cycle of violence by focusing efforts in the trauma center context. These programs, with their multipronged, community-based approach, have shown great potential in reducing trauma recidivism by leveraging the acute experience of violence as an opportunity to introduce services and assess risk of re-injury...
May 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759057/comparing-costs-of-traditional-and-specialty-probation-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness
#4
Jennifer L Skeem, Lina Montoya, Sarah M Manchak
OBJECTIVE: Specialty mental health probation reduces the likelihood of rearrest for people with mental illness, who are overrepresented in the justice system. This study tested whether specialty probation was associated with lower costs than traditional probation during the two years after placement in probation. METHODS: A longitudinal, matched study compared costs of behavioral health care and criminal justice contacts among 359 probationers with mental illness at prototypic specialty or traditional agencies...
May 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756478/outcome-of-serious-violent-offenders-with-psychotic-illness-and-cognitive-disorder-dealt-with-by-the-new-south-wales-criminal-justice-system
#5
Olav Nielssen, Natalia Yl Yee, Kimberlie Dean, Matthew Large
BACKGROUND: The few studies of the recidivism by people with psychotic illness and cognitive disorder who are convicted of serious violent offences and sentenced by the courts. METHOD: Re-imprisonment data were obtained for 661 individuals convicted of serious non-lethal violent offences in the District Courts of New South Wales in the years 2006 and 2007. Rates of re-imprisonment of offenders known to psychotic illness or cognitive disorder (intellectual disability or acquired brain injury) was compared to those not known to have those conditions...
May 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755185/recidivism-in-a-sample-of-serious-adolescent-offenders
#6
Robert Brame, Edward P Mulvey, Carol A Schubert, Alex R Piquero
Objectives: A broad research literature in criminology documents key aspects of how criminal offending develops and changes over the life span. We contribute to this literature by showcasing methods that are useful for studying medium-term patterns of subsequent criminal justice system involvement among a sample of serious adolescent offenders making the transition to early adulthood. Methods: Our approach relies on 7 years of post-enrollment follow-up from the Pathways to Desistance Study...
March 2018: Journal of Quantitative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751987/unmet-mental-health-and-social-service-needs-of-formerly-incarcerated-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-deep-south
#7
David W Pantalone, Michael L Scanlon, Shelley M Brown, Bharathi Radhakrishnan, Courtenay Sprague
Due to the disproportionate burden of HIV among incarcerated women in the United States, jails and prisons have been identified as key sites for health service delivery. Recidivism remains high, potentially reflecting unmet mental health and social service needs of incarcerated women, especially during the postrelease adjustment period. However, little published research has investigated this possibility directly. We conducted semi-structured, in-depth interviews with previously incarcerated women living with HIV, and other key informants, and completed service-availability mapping in two Alabama cities...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733373/substance-use-and-recidivism-outcomes-for-prison-based-drug-and-alcohol-interventions
#8
Dominique de Andrade, Jessica Ritchie, Michael Rowlands, Emily Mann, Leanne Hides
We conducted a systematic review to examine the substance use and recidivism outcomes of prison-based substance use interventions. We searched public health, criminology, and psychology databases, and conducted forward and backward snowballing methods to identify additional studies. Studies were included if they were published between January 1, 2000 and June 30, 2017; were published in English; and reported substance use and/or recidivism outcomes of prison-based substance use interventions. Studies were reviewed for methodological rigor using the Effective Public Health Practice Project's Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies...
May 4, 2018: Epidemiologic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732624/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-skills-programme-for-offenders-with-mental-illness
#9
Drew A Kingston, Mark E Olver, Jared McDonald, Colin Cameron
BACKGROUND: Interventions for offenders with mental illness have tended to be confined to treatment of illness, with the expectation that symptom reduction will be accompanied by reduced criminal recidivism, but recent evidence suggests that other treatment targets may be more effective against recidivism. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a cognitive skills programme (Reasoning and Rehabilitation 2: Short Version for Adults [R&R2]) among offenders with mental illness...
May 6, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726310/readiness-to-change-as-a-predictor-of-treatment-engagement-and-outcome-for-partner-violent-men
#10
Ana I Maldonado, Christopher M Murphy
Resistance to change has been long recognized as a barrier to successful intervention for partner violent individuals. Using archival data from a community-based intimate partner violence (IPV) intervention program, the current study investigated readiness to change as a predictor of treatment engagement and outcome in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for IPV, and examined whether court referral status, antisocial personality characteristics, and borderline personality characteristics moderate these associations...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725976/impact-of-weight-regain-on-the-evolution-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-3-year-follow-up
#11
Laísa Simakawa Jimenez, Fábio Henrique Mendonça Chaim, Felipe David Mendonça Chaim, Murillo Pimentel Utrini, Martinho Antonio Gestic, Elinton Adami Chaim, Everton Cazzo
BACKGROUND: The influence of post-surgical weight regain on the course of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of weight regain on the NAFLD assessed by means of a non-invasive score after Roux-en-gastric bypass (RYGB) over a 3-year period. METHODS: This is a prospective observational cohort study which evaluated individuals who underwent RYGB. Comparisons were made between the periods immediately before surgery and 12, 24, and 36 months following surgery...
May 3, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724295/jtc-801-inhibits-the-proliferation-and-metastasis-of-ovarian-cancer-cell-skov3-through-inhibition-of-the-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#12
Jun-Xia Li, Yan-Ping Bi, Jing Wang, Xue Yang, Yan-Fang Tian, Zhong-Fang Sun
Ovarian cancer (OC) is the commonest cause of gynaecological cancer-associated death because of the wide metastasis and frequent recidivation. JTC-801 is a new synthetic compound with the function of reversing pain and anxiety symptoms as a selective opioid receptor-like1 receptor (belonging to the G-protein-coupled receptor) antagonist. We investigated the role and possible mechanisms of JTC-801 in the cell growth and metastasis of OC. It was observed that JTC-801 inhibited the proliferation, invasion and migration of cancer in SKOV3 cells...
May 1, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713840/using-goal-achievement-training-in-juvenile-justice-settings-to-improve-substance-use-services-for-youth-on-community-supervision
#13
Jacqueline Horan Fisher, Jennifer E Becan, Philip W Harris, Alexis Nager, Connie Baird-Thomas, Aaron Hogue, John P Bartkowski, Tisha Wiley
BACKGROUND: The link between substance use and involvement in the juvenile justice system has been well established. Justice-involved youth tend to have higher rates of drug use than their non-offending peers. At the same time, continued use can contribute to an elevated risk of recidivism, which leads to further, and oftentimes more serious, involvement with the juvenile justice system. Because of these high rates of use, the juvenile justice system is well positioned to help identify youth with substance use problems and connect them to treatment...
April 30, 2018: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713559/substance-use-criminal-recidivism-and-mortality-in-criminal-justice-clients-a-comparison-between-men-and-women
#14
Caroline Mannerfelt, Anders Håkansson
Background. This study aimed to map differences between male and female offenders with substance abuse, with respect to descriptive characteristics and risk factors for mortality and criminal recidivism. Methods. Criminal justice clients with substance abuse problems ( n = 7085) were interviewed with the Addiction Severity Index. Mortality and data on return to criminal justice were retrieved from national registers. Results. Female offenders reported heavier substance use patterns, more psychiatric symptoms, and more often a partner with substance abuse, but had lower mortality (2% versus 4%) and criminal recidivism (62% versus 71%) during follow-up...
2018: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708372/using-the-violence-risk-scale-sexual-offense-version-in-sexual-violence-risk-assessments-updated-risk-categories-and-recidivism-estimates-from-a-multisite-sample-of-treated-sexual-offenders
#15
Mark E Olver, James C Mundt, David Thornton, Sarah M Beggs Christofferson, Drew A Kingston, Justina N Sowden, Terry P Nicholaichuk, Audrey Gordon, Stephen C P Wong
The present study sought to develop updated risk categories and recidivism estimates for the Violence Risk Scale-Sexual Offense version (VRS-SO; Wong, Olver, Nicholaichuk, & Gordon, 2003-2017), a sexual offender risk assessment and treatment planning tool. The overarching purpose was to increase the clarity and accuracy of communicating risk assessment information that includes a systematic incorporation of new information (i.e., change) to modify risk estimates. Four treated samples of sexual offenders with VRS-SO pretreatment, posttreatment, and Static-99R ratings were combined with a minimum follow-up period of 10-years postrelease (N = 913)...
April 30, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706118/examining-individual-characteristics-and-program-performance-to-understand-two-year-recidivism-rates-among-drug-court-participants-comparing-graduates-and-terminators
#16
Lisa M Shannon, Afton Jackson Jones, Jennifer Newell, Connie Payne
Drug courts strive to break the cycle of substance use and crime by providing community-based treatment and rehabilitation. The purpose of the present study was to (a) identify significantly different factors between program participants (i.e., graduates/terminators) that may affect recidivism and (b) examine these significant individual and program performance factors associated with two-year recidivism. Secondary data were examined for a stratified random sample of drug court participants ( N = 534). Examining any two-year post-program recidivism (defined as an arrest, conviction, or incarceration), over one third (37...
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705846/breaking-away-the-role-of-homeostatic-drive-in-perpetuating-depression
#17
J Tory Toole, Mark A Rice, Travis J A Craddock, Barry Nierenberg, Nancy G Klimas, Mary Ann Fletcher, Joel Zysman, Mariana Morris, Gordon Broderick
We propose that the complexity of regulatory interactions modulating brain neurochemistry and behavior is such that multiple stable responses may be supported, and that some of these alternate regulatory programs may play a role in perpetuating persistent psychological dysfunction. To explore this, we constructed a model network representing major neurotransmission and behavioral mechanisms reported in literature as discrete logic circuits. Connectivity and information flow through this biobehavioral circuitry supported two distinct and stable regulatory programs...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703505/patient-perspectives-about-bariatric-surgery-unveil-experiences-education-satisfaction-and-recommendations-for-improvement
#18
Karen D Groller, Cynthia Teel, Kristin H Stegenga, Maher El Chaar
BACKGROUND: Following bariatric surgery, up to 35% of patients struggle with strict regimens and experience weight recidivism within 2 years [1-5]. Accredited weight management centers (WMC) must provide educational programs and support patients in lifestyle changes before and after surgery. Educational programs, however, may not be evidence-based or patient-centered and may vary in curriculum, approach, and educator type [6]. OBJECTIVE: To obtain patient descriptions about the weight loss surgery (WLS) experience, including education, satisfaction, and recommendations for improvement...
February 17, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688573/antidepressants-for-the-treatment-of-people-with-co-occurring-depression-and-alcohol-dependence
#19
REVIEW
Roberta Agabio, Emanuela Trogu, Pier Paolo Pani
BACKGROUND: Alcohol dependence is a major public health problem characterized by recidivism, and medical and psychosocial complications. The co-occurrence of major depression in people entering treatment for alcohol dependence is common, and represents a risk factor for morbidity and mortality, which negatively influences treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and risks of antidepressants for the treatment of people with co-occurring depression and alcohol dependence...
April 24, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656711/the-fierce-urgency-of-now-improving-outcomes-for-justice-involved-people-with-serious-mental-illness-and-substance-misuse
#20
Glenda Wrenn, Brian McGregor, Mark Munetz
People with serious mental illness are more likely to be arrested multiple times for the same crime, spend more time in jail before adjudication, serve longer sentences, and have higher recidivism rates than those without mental illness. Several conceptual foundations, such as the sequential intercept model and the risk-needs-responsivity model, have been developed to help communities address the overrepresentation of people with mental illness in the criminal justice system. The Stepping Up Initiative is a national effort to enlist counties to commit to reduce the number of people with mental illness in their jails...
April 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
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