keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Recidivism

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819536/-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-of-the-clavicle-about-a-case
#1
Achraf El Bakkaly, Moulay Dris Hanine, Abdelouahed Amrani, Anouar Dendane, Sidi Zouhair Fellouss El Alami, Tarik El Madhi
Anevrysmal bone cyst is an aggressive, destructive but benign lesion in the long bones, spine or basin, affecting mainly children and young adults. However, it is a very rare tumor. We here report the case of a 8-year old boy with a very rare localization of anevrysmal cyst in the clavicle, initially presenting with pathologic bone fracture, that is a benign cystic lesion. The child underwent complete radical resection of the cyst located at the level of the right clavicle, followed by anatomopathological examination of surgical specimen which confirmed the diagnosis...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816466/a-comparison-of-psychopathology-and-reoffending-in-female-and-male-convicted-firesetters
#2
Lauren Ducat, Troy McEwan, James R P Ogloff
Little is known about the psychopathological or criminal history characteristics of female firesetters, or how often women reoffend by firesetting. The current study is one of the few large-scale longitudinal investigations to compare key psychiatric and offending variables in female and male firesetters who are not incarcerated or known to be mentally disordered. In addition, the study aimed to identify the base rate of recidivism for female firesetters compared with males. The study compared all 143 female and 909 male firesetters convicted of arson and fire-related offenses between 2000 and 2009 in Victoria, Australia...
August 17, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813444/effect-of-a-brief-intervention-for-alcohol-and-illicit-drug-use-on-trauma-recidivism-in-a-cohort-of-trauma-patients
#3
Sergio Cordovilla-Guardia, Enrique Fernández-Mondéjar, Raquel Vilar-López, Juan F Navas, Mónica Portillo-Santamaría, Sergio Rico-Martín, Pablo Lardelli-Claret
OBJECTIVE: Estimate the effectiveness of brief interventions in reducing trauma recidivism in hospitalized trauma patients who screened positive for alcohol and/or illicit drug use. METHODS: Dynamic cohort study based on registry data from 1818 patients included in a screening and brief intervention program for alcohol and illicit drug use for hospitalized trauma patients. Three subcohorts emerged from the data analysis: patients who screened negative, those who screened positive and were offered brief intervention, and those who screened positive and were not offered brief intervention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797311/risk-factors-for-adverse-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-blunt-chest-trauma-a-systematic-review
#4
Jake Sawa, Robert S Green, Brent Thoma, Mete Erdogan, Philip J Davis
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to systematically review the published literature for risk factors associated with adverse outcomes in older adults sustaining blunt chest trauma. METHODS: EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched from inception until March 2017 for prognostic factors associated with adverse outcomes in older adults sustaining blunt chest trauma using a pre-specified search strategy. References were independently screened for inclusion by two reviewers...
August 11, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796114/review-of-trauma-recidivism-predicts-long-term-mortality-by-strong-bl-greene-cr-smith-gs-in-ann-surg-265-847-853-2017
#5
Aurelia T Perdanasari, Tara L Braun, Larry H Hollier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793838/sociodemographic-predictors-of-sex-offender-stigma-how-politics-impact-attitudes-social-distance-and-perceptions-of-sex-offender-recidivism
#6
Joseph S DeLuca, John Vaccaro, Amalia Rudnik, Nicole Graham, Anna Giannicchi, Philip T Yanos
Stigma toward general criminal offenders has been found to be particularly salient among community members who identify as politically conservative; however, less is known about how political identification relates to stigma toward sex offenders. This is a particularly important area of inquiry, given that criminal jurisprudence and politics legitimatize stigmatizing labels attributed to sex offenders through laws and policies that apply specifically to this group. A nonrandom sample ( N = 518) of participants living in the United States was recruited for this survey study...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793147/comparing-public-safety-outcomes-for-traditional-probation-vs-specialty-mental-health-probation
#7
Jennifer L Skeem, Sarah Manchak, Lina Montoya
Importance: Probation is a cornerstone of efforts to reduce mass incarceration. Although it is understudied, specialty probation could improve outcomes for the overrepresented group of people with mental illness. Objective: To test whether specialty probation yields better public safety outcomes than traditional probation. Design, Setting, and Participants: A longitudinal observational study with group matching on age, sex, race/ethnicity, probation time, and offense at 2 urban agencies that exemplify specialty and traditional probation...
August 9, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791492/perceived-police-injustice-moral-disengagement-and-aggression-among-juvenile-offenders-utilizing-the-general-strain-theory-model
#8
Tamika C B Zapolski, Devin E Banks, Katherine S L Lau, Matthew C Aalsma
Although many juvenile offenders report experiencing police injustice, few studies have examined how this source of strain may impact youths' behavioral outcomes, including risk for future recidivism. This study begins to address that gap in the literature. We applied the general strain theory as our theoretical framework to examine the interactive effect of perceived police injustice and moral disengagement on juvenile aggressive behavior. Our sample included 95 juvenile offenders who completed questionnaires on measures of perceived police injustice and moral disengagement...
August 8, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782966/a-cross-validation-of-the-violence-risk-appraisal-guide-revised-vrag-r-within-a-correctional-sample
#9
Anthony J J Glover, Frances P Churcher, Andrew L Gray, Jeremy F Mills, Diane E Nicholson
The Violence Risk Appraisal Guide-Revised (VRAG-R) was developed to replace the original VRAG based on an updated and larger sample with an extended follow-up period. Using a sample of 120 adult male correctional offenders, the current study examined the interrater reliability and predictive and comparative validity of the VRAG-R to the VRAG, the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised, the Statistical Information on Recidivism-Revised, and the Two-Tiered Violence Risk Estimate over a follow-up period of up to 22 years postrelease...
August 7, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759531/sexual-offender-treatment-readiness-responsivity-and-change-linkages-to-treatment-completion-and-recidivism
#10
Justina N Sowden, Mark E Olver
This study examined the interrelationship of treatment readiness, responsivity variables, and treatment change to sexual offender treatment outcome, featuring the Treatment Readiness, Responsivity, and Gain Scale: Short Version (TRRG:SV). The sample was composed of 185 Canadian federal offenders who attended a high-intensity sexual offender treatment program and were followed up an average of 9.3 years postrelease. Men with higher levels of education, employment history, and cognitive ability and who were married or equivalent, did not have a serious mental illness or intellectual disability, and were not actuarially high risk tended to show higher levels of treatment engagement across the TRRG:SV subscales...
July 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738789/the-impact-of-indigenous-cultural-identity-and-cultural-engagement-on-violent-offending
#11
Stephane M Shepherd, Rosa Hazel Delgado, Juanita Sherwood, Yin Paradies
BACKGROUND: Possessing a strong cultural identity has been shown to protect against mental health symptoms and buffer distress prompted by discrimination. However, no research to date has explored the protective influences of cultural identity and cultural engagement on violent offending. This paper investigates the relationships between cultural identity/engagement and violent recidivism for a cohort of Australian Indigenous people in custody. METHODS: A total of 122 adults from 11 prisons in the state of Victoria completed a semi-structured interview comprising cultural identification and cultural engagement material in custody...
July 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736458/a-latent-class-analysis-of-family-characteristics-linked-to-youth-offending-outcomes
#12
Grace S Chng, Chi Meng Chu, Gerald Zeng, Dongdong Li, Ming Hwa Ting
OBJECTIVES: There were two aims to this study: firstly, to identify family subtypes of Singaporean youth offenders based on eight family variables. Secondly, the associations of these family subtypes with youth offending outcomes were tested. METHODS: With a sample of 3,744 youth, a latent class analysis was first conducted based on eight family variables. Multivariate analyses and a Cox regression were subsequently performed to analyze the associations of the family classes with age at first arrest, age at first charge, and recidivism...
November 2016: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733771/a-national-study-of-veterans-treatment-court-participants-who-benefits-and-who-recidivates
#13
Jack Tsai, Andrea Finlay, Bessie Flatley, Wesley J Kasprow, Sean Clark
Although there are now over 400 veterans treatment courts (VTCs) in the country, there have been few studies on participant outcomes in functional domains. Using national data on 7931 veterans in the Veterans Affairs (VA) Veterans Justice Outreach program across 115 VA sites who entered a VTC from 2011 to 2015, we examined the housing, employment, income, and criminal justice outcomes of VTC participants; and identified veteran characteristics predictive of outcomes. VTC participants spent an average of nearly a year in the program and 14% experienced a new incarceration...
July 21, 2017: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712732/burn-center-care-reduces-acute-health-care-utilization-after-discharge-a-population-based-analysis-of-1-895-survivors-of%C3%A2-major-burn-injury
#14
Stephanie A Mason, Avery B Nathens, James P Byrne, Robert A Fowler, Paul J Karanicolas, Rahim Moineddin, Marc G Jeschke
BACKGROUND: Improvements in survival after burns have resulted in more patients being discharged home after severe injury. However, the postdischarge health care needs of burn survivors are not well understood. We aimed to determine the rate and causes of unplanned presentation to acute care facilities in the 5 years after major burn injury. METHODS: Data derived from several population-based administrative databases were used to conduct a retrospective cohort study...
July 13, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705357/trajectories-of-neighborhood-attainment-after-prison
#15
Keunbok Lee, David J Harding, Jeffrey D Morenoff
A potentially important but understudied aspect of prisoner reentry is the neighborhood environments experienced by formerly incarcerated people. We know that many formerly incarcerated people return to very disadvantaged neighborhood environments and that returning to disadvantaged neighborhoods after prison increases the risk of recidivism and reduces employment. Yet very little is known about the social, economic, and institutional processes that sort formerly incarcerated people into different neighborhoods after release or their trajectories of neighborhood attainment over time...
August 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691465/bilateral-coronoid-hyperplasia-a-report-of-six-cases
#16
M Romano, G Porcellini, D Rossi, A Bolzoni, A B Giannì, F J Silvestre, A Baj
Bilateral coronoid process hyperplasia is a rare condition defined as an abnormal elongation of the mandibular coronoid process, formed of histologically normal bone. Coronoid process hyperplasia usually develops progressively, and the clinical symptoms are often similar to those of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD). Therefore, it is often misdiagnosed as TMD initially. From 2013 to 2016, six patients were referred to our maxillofacial surgery unit by their dentist, to evaluate mouth opening with suspected TMJ disorder...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665207/until-i-get-off-parole%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-then-i-can-swim-in-it-if-i-want-to-facilitators-of-and-barriers-to-drug-use-among-formerly-incarcerated-black-drug-offenders
#17
Rahma Mkuu, Tawandra L Rowell-Cunsolo, Idethia Shevon Harvey
Black Americans are overrepresented among those incarcerated for drug-related offenses. Drug use, postincarceration, is associated with high risk of recidivism and overdose deaths. We explored factors influencing drug use among former Black drug offenders. Qualitative interviews with 30 Black Americans released from prison within the past year explored drug behavior as well as institutional, environmental, and social factors that influence drug use. Findings show participants reentered drug-enticing environments and social networks...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664438/transoral-outlet-reduction-with-full-thickness-endoscopic-suturing-for-weight-regain-after-gastric-bypass-a-large-multicenter-international-experience-and-meta-analysis
#18
Eric J Vargas, Fateh Bazerbachi, Monika Rizk, Tarun Rustagi, Andres Acosta, Erik B Wilson, Todd Wilson, Manoel Galvao Neto, Natan Zundel, Manpreet S Mundi, Maria L Collazo-Clavell, Shah Meera, H S Abu-Lebdeh, Paul A Lorentz, Karen B Grothe, Matthew M Clark, Todd A Kellogg, Travis J McKenzie, Michael L Kendrick, Mark D Topazian, Christopher J Gostout, Barham K Abu Dayyeh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Many patients who undergo bariatric surgery will experience weight regain and effective strategies are needed to help these patients. A dilated gastrojejunal anastomosis (GJA) has been associated with weight recidivism after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB). Endoscopic transoral outlet reduction (TORe) with a full thickness endoscopic suturing device (Overstitch, Apollo Endosurgery, Austin, TX) is a minimally invasive therapeutic option. The primary aim of this project was to examine the safety and long-term efficacy data from three bariatric surgery centers and to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the existing literature...
June 29, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661259/gonadotrophin-releasing-hormone-agonist-treatment-for-sexual-offenders-a-systematic-review
#19
Alexandra Lewis, Don Grubin, Callum C Ross, Mrigendra Das
BACKGROUND: Sexual offending is a significant international issue causing long-term consequences for victims, perpetrators and society. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to review the existing research data assessing the efficacy of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonists for treating adult, male, sexual offenders. METHOD: The method of this review involved the examination of studies involving participants prescribed at least one month of a gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist for the purposes of reducing sexual drive related to offending...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658999/predictive-validity-of-the-hkt-r-risk-assessment-tool-two-and-5-year-violent-recidivism-in-a-nationwide-sample-of-dutch-forensic-psychiatric-patients
#20
Stefan Bogaerts, Marinus Spreen, Paul Ter Horst, Coby Gerlsma
This study has examined the predictive validity of the Historical Clinical Future [ Historisch Klinisch Toekomst] Revised risk assessment scheme in a cohort of 347 forensic psychiatric patients, which were discharged between 2004 and 2008 from any of 12 highly secure forensic centers in the Netherlands. Predictive validity was measured 2 and 5 years after release. Official reconviction data obtained from the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice were used as outcome measures. Violent reoffending within 2 and 5 years after discharge was assessed...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
keyword
keyword
23747
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"