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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144186/-the-whole-is-greater-than-the-sum-of-the-parts-prison-staff-perceptions-of-domestic-violence-rehabilitation-programs
#1
Efrat Shoham, Anat Zelig, Badi Hasisi, David Weisburd, Noam Haviv
This qualitative study is part of a mixed methods research project that examined the effectiveness of the primary rehabilitation program for domestic violence offenders in the Israeli Prison Services-the "House of Hope." The quantitative part of the study showed that the "House of Hope" program was effective in reducing recidivism among participating inmates. The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe the rehabilitation program according to the perspectives of the program staff. For this purpose, semistructured interviews were conducted with the department staff during the study as well as with past directors...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142192/successful-post-transplant-psychiatric-interventions-during-long-term-follow-up-of-patients-receiving-liver-transplants-for-alcoholic-liver-disease
#2
Hiroyuki Kimura, Yasuharu Onishi, Shinichi Kishi, Nobuhiko Kurata, Satoshi Ogiso, Hideya Kamei, Chisato Tsuboi, Naoko Yamaguchi, Azusa Shiga, Mai Kondo, Yushun Yokoyama, Fumika Takasato, Hiroshige Fujishiro, Kanako Ishizuka, Takashi Okada, Yasuhiro Ogura, Norio Ozaki
BACKGROUND Around 20-30% of patients who undergo liver transplantation (LT) for alcoholic liver disease (ALD) will resume heavy drinking after LT. It is crucial to control post-transplant relapse of alcohol use, because alcoholic recidivism has been shown to have a negative impact on post-transplant compliance and long-term outcomes of LT recipients. However, there is currently no specific, effective psychiatric intervention for preventing additional alcohol consumption in clinical practice. CASE REPORT We present 3 patients who underwent LT for ALD at Nagoya University Hospital who were followed up for prolonged periods (7...
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134854/prediction-of-recidivism-with-the-youth-level-of-service-case-management-inventory-reduced-version-in-a-sample-of-young-spanish-offenders
#3
Keren Cuervo, Lidón Villanueva
Intervention in youth recidivism is critical in helping prevent young people from continuing their criminal career into adulthood, on a life-course-persistent trajectory. Andrews and Bonta attempt to provide an explanation of risk and protective factors using a conversion of the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI), which predicts recidivism. In this study, scores have been obtained from 382 adolescents ( M age = 16.33 years) from the juvenile court, to check the ability of a reduced version of the YLS/CMI, to predict recidivism...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134852/psychosis-and-sexual-offending-a-review-of-current-literature
#4
E Thomas Lewis, R Gregg Dwyer
Sexual offending is a public health concern and societal risk requiring a multi-disciplinary approach. While current data give an indication of the frequency of sexual victimization, these figures likely underestimate the severity of the concern as many of these incidents go unreported. And while sex offender research has increased over the past several decades, particular attention to those offenders with severe mental illness remains limited. In this descriptive review, literature describing sex offenders with psychotic disorders is explored with a focus on recent research...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122905/healthy-donor-faecal-transplant-for-corticosteroid-non-responsive-severe-alcoholic-hepatitis
#5
Cyriac Abby Philips, Nikhil Phadke, Karthik Ganesan, Philip Augustine
Patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis (SAH) have high mortality in the presence of steroid unresponsiveness in the absence of clear treatment recommendations. Liver transplantation is the curative option in such cases but is controversial in the wake of severe infections, post-transplant recidivism and long waiting on deceased donor listing. Animal and human studies have shed light on the beneficial effects of gut microbiota modulation in alcoholic liver disease. We present the first report of faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) in a steroid non-responder in whom, clinical, biochemical and liver disease severity scores improved post-FMT and demonstrate distinct bacterial population changes pre-FMT and post-FMT...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120846/firesetting-and-general-criminal-recidivism-among-a-consecutive-sample-of-finnish-pretrial-male-firesetters-a-register-based-follow-up-study
#6
Annika Thomson, Jari Tiihonen, Jouko Miettunen, Matti Virkkunen, Nina Lindberg
The rate of criminal reoffending among firesetters varies greatly. Our aim was to investigate firesetting and general criminal recidivism in a consecutive sample of Finnish males who were sent for a forensic psychiatric examination (FPE)(1) after committing firesetting offenses. We also wanted to evaluate the relationships between psychopathy and criminal recidivism, and between schizophrenia-spectrum disorders and criminal recidivism. The sample comprised 113 firesetters with a mean age of 32.8 years, and the average follow-up time was 16...
November 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072473/associations-between-posttraumatic-stress-and-legal-charges-among-substance-using-veterans
#7
Diana C Bennett, David H Morris, Minden B Sexton, Erin E Bonar, Stephen T Chermack
Substance misuse is prevalent among veterans entering the criminal justice system, and is related to recidivism. Research demonstrates that trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms, which commonly co-occur with substance misuse, also increase the risk of legal involvement and recidivism. However, it is unclear whether the associations between trauma, PTS symptoms and violent and nonviolent crime may be conflated by substance use. The aim of the present study was to understand the association between PTS symptoms and criminal justice involvement (both violent and nonviolent crime) among substance-using veterans seeking Veterans Affairs (VA) specialty mental health care after accounting for substance use frequency and demographics including age, gender, and ethnicity...
October 26, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067574/predictive-factors-of-weight-regain-following-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#8
Charles J Keith, Allison A Gullick, Katey Feng, Joshua Richman, Richard Stahl, Jayleen Grams
BACKGROUND: Strategies to address weight recidivism following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) could be developed if patients at risk were identified in advance. This study aimed to determine factors that predict weight regain. METHODS: Retrospective review was performed of patients who underwent laparoscopic RYGB at a single institution over 10 years. Group-based modeling was used to estimate trajectories of weight regain after nadir and stratify patients based on percent weight change (%WC)...
October 24, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058945/the-role-of-controlled-substance-use-in-diversion-outcomes-among-mentally-ill-offenders-a-pilot-study
#9
Jennifer K Boland, Barry Rosenfeld
Diversion programs offer opportunities to offenders with substance abuse or mental illness to attend treatment as an alternative to incarceration. The present study identified variables associated with drug relapse and recidivism and the moderating role of substance use on recidivism in a diversion sample. Data were collected from 80 clients with psychotic disorders from a diversion program in New York City. Outcomes were examined after 6 and 12 months of program participation. Individuals who used controlled substances other than alcohol or cannabis were more likely to have a positive toxicology result than those who used alcohol or cannabis only or those with no alcohol/drug history...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050845/high-rate-of-isolated-right-ventricular-dysfunction-in-patients-with-non-significant-computed-tomographic-pulmonary-angiography
#10
Frances M Russell, Jeffrey A Kline, Timothy Lahm
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction and pulmonary hypertension (PH) are commonly unrecognized in the emergency department (ED), but are associated with poor outcomes. Prior research has found a 30% prevalence of isolated RV dysfunction in ED patients after non-significant computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA). We aimed to prospectively define the prevalence of RV dysfunction and/or PH in short of breath ED patients, and assess outcomes. METHODS: Prospective observational study of patients with a non-significant CTPA...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024062/why-run-the-risk-motivation-for-offences-by-patients-with-substance-use-and-antisocial-personality-disorders-which-they-rated-as-most-risky-to-their-own-well-being
#11
Birgitte Thylstrup, Morten Hesse
BACKGROUND: Understanding motives for offending is important for the development and delivery of effective interventions. AIMS: To explore associations between variables with motivational implications and the offence committed in the past year rated by people with antisocial personality disorder and substance use disorder as putting them and their status at most risk. METHODS: Participants were 127 outpatients from a sample recruited for a pragmatic randomised controlled trial of an intervention for adults attending substance abuse treatment clinics in 13 municipalities in Denmark...
October 10, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020863/examining-employment-outcomes-of-offender-and-nonoffender-vocational-program-graduates
#12
Dana L Formon, Adam T Schmidt, Craig Henderson
Researchers have found providing employment opportunities for ex-offenders through job training programs to be effective at reducing recidivism. Examining various community-based programs for ex-offenders can be beneficial as they may be able to provide more stable and consistent programming without relying on the justice system. This study examined employment outcomes of graduates with and without criminal histories ( n = 617) from a community-based vocational training program. Results showed that ex-offender graduates obtained employment at equal rates to nonoffender graduates and received equal pay to their nonoffender counterparts...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020862/moving-home-examining-the-independent-effects-of-individual-and-neighborhood-level-residential-mobility-on-recidivism-in-high-risk-parolees
#13
Gregory Breetzke, Devon Polaschek
A number of studies have shown that the residential mobility of an offender postrelease can significantly influence recidivism. Research has also shown how the mobility of neighborhoods into which offenders are released is an important contextual factor that predicts recidivism. Within the social disorganization framework, this study combines these lines of research by examining the effect of both individual- and neighborhood-level residential mobility on recidivism for a cohort of high-risk prisoners released on parole in New Zealand...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977753/the-manitoba-youth-justice-program-empowering-and-supporting-fasd-affected-youth-in-conflict-with-the-law
#14
Sally Elizabeth Longstaffe, Albert Chudley, Mary Kate Harvie, Teresa Brown, Dan Neault, Trevor John Markesteyn
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) describes a constellation of physical, cognitive, neurologic and behavioral impairments resulting from prenatal exposure to alcohol. FASD is recognized as being one of the largest causes of preventable brain injury in children. There had long been concerns that some youth in conflict with the law may be affected with FASD given repetitive patterns of offending and apparent lack of understanding of consequences of their actions. In 2004 funding was received from Justice Canada for a pilot project with a cross departmental steering committee working together to determine a best way of working across systems to provide FASD assessments to these youth...
October 4, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975679/an-emergency-department-observation-unit-is-a-feasible-setting-for-multidisciplinary-geriatric-assessments-in-compliance-with-the-geriatric-emergency-department-guidelines
#15
Lauren T Southerland, Anthony J Vargas, Lalitha Nagaraj, Tanya R Gure, Jeffery M Caterino
BACKGROUND: The Geriatric Emergency Department Guidelines recommend providing multidisciplinary geriatric assessment in the Emergency Department (ED), but these assessments can be difficult to coordinate and may prolong length of stay. Patients who need longer than a typical ED stay can be placed in an ED Observation Unit (Obs Unit). We investigated the effects of offering multidisciplinary assessments for ED patients in an Obs Unit. METHODS: Evaluation by a geriatric hospital consultation team, physical therapist, case manager, and/or pharmacist was made available to all Obs Unit patients...
October 4, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973793/the-relationship-between-gambling-severity-and-risk-of-criminal-recidivism
#16
Laura M April, Jeremiah Weinstock
Individuals involved with the criminal justice system have the highest prevalence of gambling disorder. Yet, this is an understudied area, especially in relation to postrelease functioning and recidivism risk. Participants (N = 100) were recruited from a local nonprofit organization and a federal probation office. Participants completed both self-report and interviewer-administered questionnaires assessing past-year and lifetime gambling behaviors and problems, legal history, health, and risk of recidivism...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966568/the-effects-of-specialized-probation-and-recovery-management-checkups-rmcs-on-treatment-participation-substance-use-hiv-risk-behaviors-and-recidivism-among-female-offenders-main-findings-of-a-3-year-experiment-using-subject-by-intervention-interaction-analysis
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940957/effects-of-physical-and-emotional-maternal-hostility-on-adolescents-depression-and-reoffending
#18
April Gile Thomas, Nina Ozbardakci, Adam Fine, Laurence Steinberg, Paul J Frick, Elizabeth Cauffman
This study examines whether (1) mothers vary in the way they express hostility toward their delinquent adolescent offspring, (2) different types of maternal hostility differentially affect adolescents' depression and recidivism, and (3) adolescent depression serves as a mechanism through which maternal hostility predicts later reoffending. The sample consists of 1,216 male first-time offenders, aged 13-17 years (M = 15.80, SD = 1.29). Confirmatory factor analysis supported the premise that maternal hostility could be distinguished into two subtypes: emotional and physical hostility...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931197/study-of-factors-responsible-for-recidivism-in-allergic-fungal-rhinosinusitis
#19
Bipin Kishore Prasad
Patients with allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS) are typically atopic and immunocompetent. Despite combined modality treatment based on surgery and immunomodulation, the potential for recidivism is well recognized. A study was conducted in a military hospital in India to identify the factors responsible for recidivism in AFRS and to suggest measures to overcome it. Sixty patients with AFRS (42 new cases and 18 cases that required revision surgery) were managed between January 2009 and July 2013. Patients underwent endoscopic, radiologic, and laboratory evaluation for AFRS followed by functional endoscopic sinus surgery...
September 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928168/factors-that-support-successful-transition-to-the-community-among-women-leaving-prison-in-british-columbia-a-prospective-cohort-study-using-participatory-action-research
#20
Patricia A Janssen, Mo Korchinski, Sarah L Desmarais, Arianne Y K Albert, Lara-Lisa Condello, Marla Buchanan, Alison Granger-Brown, Vivian R Ramsden, Lynn Fels, Jane A Buxton, Carl Leggo, Ruth Elwood Martin
BACKGROUND: In Canada, the number of women sentenced to prison has almost doubled since 1995. In British Columbia, the rate of reincarceration is 70% within 2 years. Our aim was to identify factors associated with recidivism among women in British Columbia. METHODS: We prospectively followed women after discharge from provincial corrections centres in British Columbia. We defined recidivism as participation in criminal activity disclosed by participants during the year following release...
September 13, 2017: CMAJ Open
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