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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540447/treatment-effect-on-recidivism-for-juveniles-who-have-sexually-offended-a-multilevel-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Ellis Ter Beek, Anouk Spruit, Chris H Z Kuiper, Rachel E A van der Rijken, Jan Hendriks, Geert Jan J M Stams
The current study investigated the effect on recidivism of treatment aimed at juveniles who have sexually offended. It also assessed the potential moderating effect of type of recidivism, and several treatment, participant and study characteristics. In total, 14 published and unpublished primary studies, making use of a comparison group and reporting on official recidivism rates, were included in a multilevel meta-analysis. This resulted in the use of 77 effect sizes, and 1726 participants. A three-level meta-analytic model was used to calculate the combined effect sizes (Cohens d) and to perform moderator analyses...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533569/the-influence-of-concrete-support-on-child-welfare-program-engagement-progress-and-recurrence
#2
Whitney L Rostad, Tia McGill Rogers, Mark J Chaffin
Families living in poverty are significantly more likely to become involved with child welfare services, and consequently, referred to interventions that target abusive and neglectful parenting practices. Program engagement and retention are difficult to achieve, possibly because of the concrete resource insufficiencies that may have contributed to a family's involvement with services in the first place. Various strategies have been used to enhance program completion, such as motivational interventions, monetary incentives, and financial assistance with concrete needs...
January 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531654/seattle-s-law-enforcement-assisted-diversion-lead-program-effects-on-recidivism-outcomes
#3
Susan E Collins, Heather S Lonczak, Seema L Clifasefi
Drug users and dealers frequently cycle through the criminal justice system in what is sometimes referred to as a "revolving door." Arrest, incarceration and prosecution have not deterred this recidivism. Seattle's Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) program was established to divert these individuals to case management and supportive services instead of jail and prosecution. A nonrandomized controlled evaluation was conducted to examine LEAD effects on criminal recidivism (i.e., arrests, criminal charges)...
May 10, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529222/the-effect-of-childhood-household-dysfunction-on-future-hiv-risk-among-probationers
#4
Brittany Marshall, Stephanie A Spohr, Faye S Taxman, Scott T Walters
INTRODUCTION: Adverse childhood events (ACE) can lead to numerous health risks in adulthood. ACEs coupled with increased risk-taking behaviors can lead to increased risk for HIV infection, particularly in vulnerable populations. The purpose of this study was to determine if mental health symptom severity mediates the relationship between childhood household dysfunction and adult HIV risk among a group of probationers. METHODS: T-tests were used to evaluate associations between demographic characteristics and cumulative engagement in sexual risk behaviors in 282 drug-involved probationers...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526087/a-multimodal-day-treatment-program-for-multi-problem-young-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Marie-Jolette A Luijks, Floor Bevaart, Josjan Zijlmans, Laura van Duin, Reshmi Marhe, Theo A H Doreleijers, Henning Tiemeier, Jessica J Asscher, Arne Popma
BACKGROUND: Effective interventions for young adults with severe, multiple problems - such as psychosocial and psychiatric problems, delinquency, unemployment and substance use - are scarce but urgently needed in order to support an adequate transition to adulthood. A multimodal day treatment program called "New Opportunities" (in Dutch: "De Nieuwe Kans"; DNK) was specifically developed to target multi-problem young adults in The Netherlands. The aim of this study protocol is to describe the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) in clinical practice to examine the effectiveness of DNK in comparison with care as usual (CAU)...
May 19, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517949/cognitive-behavioral-treatments-for-criminogenic-thinking-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementation-within-the-veterans-health-administration
#6
Daniel M Blonigen, Allison L Rodriguez, Luisa Manfredi, Andrea Nevedal, Joel Rosenthal, James F McGuire, David Smelson, Christine Timko
Cognitive-behavioral treatments for criminogenic thinking (i.e., antisocial cognitions, attitudes, and traits) are regarded as best practices for reducing criminal recidivism among justice-involved adults. However, the barriers and facilitators to implementation of these treatments within large health care systems such as the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) are largely unknown. To address this gap, we conducted qualitative interviews with 22 Specialists from the VHA's Veterans Justice Programs who had been trained in a cognitive-behavioral treatment for criminogenic thinking (i...
May 18, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511400/a-case-report-of-a-giant-cholesteatoma
#7
Neelam Sood, Binit Kumar Khandelia, Gitanjali Bugnait
Cholesteatoma is a well demarcated, non-neoplastic, temporal bone cystic lesion with extensive keratinisation. Keratoma and epidermoid cyst are other possibly more accurate names suggested to describe the same. It can be classified as congenital or acquired. Its management is often complicated by its tendency to recidivism/recurrence. Long standing cholesteatomas can be a precursor for squamous cell carcinoma. We hereby present a case of giant cholesteatoma in a 45-year-old female with radiological involvement of the left temporal region, periauricular region and infratemporal fossa with lytic destruction of left middle ear ossicles, mastoid and squamous part of temporal bone with intracranial extension...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508591/serious-offenders-using-evidence-to-predict-and-manage-the-risk
#8
Dominic A S Pearson, Cynthia McDougall
In response to the risk of serious further offences, an evidence-based approach is needed in risk management. A recent joint prison-probation inspection of the management of life sentence prisoners in six U.K. prisons found that the quality of assessment and plans to manage risk of harm to others was insufficient, with too much focus on the offender's verbal account. The present paper discusses observations of regular prisoner behaviour as the basis for predictions, and summarizes results of an evaluation of this methodology based on a sample of high-risk category prisoners released into the community...
May 16, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493270/public-health-alternatives-to-incarceration-for-drug-offenders
#9
REVIEW
Nicholas Clark, Kate Dolan, David Farabee
Drug users are vastly overrepresented in prison populations. Once inside they face increased risks of acquiring infections such as HIV, hepatitis and TB, and on release they face an elevated risk of fatal overdose. Relapse and recidivism are the norm following release from prison. The implementation of evidence-based drug treatment programmes in prison is rare, yet drug treatment in prison reduces the transmission of infections, recidivism and fatal overdose on release. Recognising the negative returns associated with incarceration, many jurisdictions have begun to consider alternatives such as depenalisation of the personal use of illicit drugs, provision of treatment and social reintegration of drug offenders, and a shift in focus from supply reduction to demand and harm reduction measures in the community and in prison...
May 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486059/mindfulness-and-meditation-as-an-adjunctive-treatment-for-adolescents-involved-in-the-juvenile-justice-system-is-repairing-the-brain-and-nervous-system-possible
#10
Drew E Winters, Emily Beerbower
Adolescents involved in the juvenile justice system are prone to more traumatic events than other adolescents, leaving them in danger of developmental difficulties. Trauma exposure is predictive of poor outcomes including mental and physical health issues as well as criminal activity. Current treatment approaches either have a nominal effect on recidivism rates or increase the likelihood of future criminal offenses. This article explores adolescent brain development, the unique difficulties that juvenile justice youth face, and mindfulness meditation as an adjunctive treatment to system-based treatment...
May 9, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476263/outcomes-of-a-family-based-hiv-prevention-intervention-for-substance-using-juvenile-offenders
#11
Marina Tolou-Shams, Emily Dauria, Selby M Conrad, Kathleen Kemp, Sarah Johnson, Larry K Brown
Approximately 80% of all arrested youth are diverted from detention and supervised in the community through probation, specialty courts and other community-based diversion efforts. Justice-involved youth have greater psychiatric impairment, substance use and sexual risk behaviors than their non-justice-involved peers. Family-based interventions to address mental health, substance use and recidivism have been successful in improving these youth outcomes; but the lack of integration of HIV/STI prevention is notable given the co-occurrence of substance use, delinquency and sexual risk-taking behaviors among justice-involved youth...
June 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470487/laparoscopic-wedge-resection-of-gastrojejunostomy-for-weight-recidivism-after-gastric-bypass
#12
Aly Elbahrawy, Alexandre Bougie, Mohammad Albader, Rajesh Aggarwal, Sebastian Demyttenaere, Amin Andalib, Olivier Court
BACKGROUND: Weight recidivism after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is a common problem. Often, this weight loss failure or regain may be due to a wide gastrojejunostomy (GJ). We evaluated the feasibility and safety of a novel approach of laparoscopic wedge resection of gastrojejunostomy (LWGJ) for a wide stoma after RYGB associated with weight recidivism. METHODS: This is a single-center retrospective study of a prospectively collected database. We analyzed outcomes of patients with weight recidivism after RYGB and a documented wide GJ (>2 cm) on imaging, who underwent LWGJ between 11/2013 and 05/2016...
May 3, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470460/navigating-the-disability-determination-process-from-the-perspective-of-incarcerated-adults-with-serious-mental-illnesses
#13
Erin McCauley, Leah Samples
In the U.S. serious mental illness (SMI) is common in jails, which are often primary healthcare providers. Incarceration and healthcare are intertwined-lack of care access increases the risk of imprisonment which decreases care access. This case study explores a jail program which assists people with SMI with the disability determination process. Interviews with employees (n = 4) and clients (n = 25), and administrative data from jail databases on recidivism, benefit receipt, and demographics highlight the importance of reentry planning and access to resources in crime desistance, as well as how the program increased resource access, and provided feelings of hope and safety...
May 3, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463528/understanding-the-context-of-alcohol-impaired-driving-for-fatal-crash-involved-drivers-a-descriptive-case-analysis
#14
Lisa Wundersitz, Simon Raftery
OBJECTIVE: To understand the social context and circumstances surrounding alcohol impaired driving prior to fatal crash involvement for drivers with an illegal blood alcohol concentration (BAC ≥0.05g/100 ml or 0.00g/100 ml for restricted licence holders). METHODS: Coroner's case reports investigating fatal crashes in South Australia over a three year period (2008-2010) were examined. The personal and crash characteristics of drivers with an illegal BAC were compared with those who had a legal BAC...
May 2, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458504/multisystemic-therapy-for-emerging-adults-with-serious-mental-illness-and-justice-involvement
#15
Ashli J Sheidow, Michael R McCart, Maryann Davis
Most serious mental illnesses (SMI) have onset by emerging adulthood and SMI can impair adolescents' transitions into healthy, productive adults. Emerging adults (EAs) with SMI are at high risk for justice involvement, and rates of recidivism are greater for offenders with SMI than without. These EAs are frequently multi-system involved (e.g., aging out of foster care; both juvenile and adult arrests; prison reentry). Few interventions, however, have focused specifically on EAs, and no interventions have focused on reducing recidivism in EAs with or without SMI...
August 2016: Cognitive and Behavioral Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457211/expedited-medicaid-enrollment-service-use-and-recidivism-at-36-months-among-released-prisoners-with-severe-mental-illness
#16
Brigid K Grabert, Alex K Gertner, Marisa Elena Domino, Gary S Cuddeback, Joseph P Morrissey
OBJECTIVE: This study examined long-term outcomes (at 36 months) from Washington State's policy of expediting Medicaid enrollment for prison releasees with severe mental illness and compares them with previously reported short-term outcomes (at 12 months). METHODS: Linked administrative data on prison releasees (2006-2007) were analyzed by using a quasi-experimental design comparing those referred to expedited Medicaid (N=895) with a control group of those not referred (N=2,189)...
May 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434654/compulsive-addiction-like-aggressive-behavior-in-mice
#17
Sam A Golden, Conor Heins, Marco Venniro, Daniele Caprioli, Michelle Zhang, David H Epstein, Yavin Shaham
BACKGROUND: Some people are highly motivated to seek aggressive encounters, and among those who have been incarcerated for such behavior, recidivism rates are high. These observations echo two core features of drug addiction: high motivation to seek addictive substances, despite adverse consequences, and high relapse rates. Here we used established rodent models of drug addiction to determine whether they would be sensitive to "addiction-like" features of aggression in CD-1 mice. METHODS: In experiments 1 and 2, we trained older CD-1 mice to lever press for opportunities to attack younger C57BL6/J mice...
March 17, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426560/universal-screening-for-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-in-trauma-patients-an-east-multicenter-trial
#18
Tanya L Zakrison, Xiomara Ruiz, Rondi Gelbard, John Cline, David Turay, Xian Luo-Owen, Nicholas Namias, Marie Crandall, Jessica George, Brian H Williams
BACKGROUND: A single center trial recently demonstrated a prevalence of 14% of intimate partner and sexual violence (IPSV) amongst both male and female trauma patients, regardless of mechanism of injury. We aimed to determine if this phenomenon was similar to rates in other trauma centers by assessing the feasibility of universal screening, and determining the prevalence and association of IPSV with other trauma-associated comorbidities. METHODS: We designed an EAST- supported multicenter, prospective observational cohort study involving four Level I trauma centers throughout the United States...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423460/individual-and-neighborhood-characteristics-of-children-seeking-emergency-department-care-for-firearm-injuries-within-the-pecarn-network
#19
Patrick M Carter, Lawrence J Cook, Michelle L Macy, Mark R Zonfrillo, Rachel M Stanley, James M Chamberlain, Joel A Fein, Elizabeth R Alpern, Rebecca Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics of children seeking emergency care for firearm injuries within the PECARN network, and assess the influence of both individual and neighborhood factors on firearm-related injury risk. METHODS: This was a retrospective, multicenter cross-sectional analysis of children (<19-years-old) presenting to 16 pediatric EDs (2004-2008). ICD-9-CM E-codes were used to identify and categorize firearm injuries by mechanism/intent. Neighborhood variables were derived from home address data...
April 19, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421891/truth-be-told-evaluation-of-a-narrative-and-skills-intervention-in-two-women-s-prisons
#20
Michael W Ross
This article describes the evaluation of a narrative and skills intervention to enable women to come to terms with their offenses, tell the truth, and then work to deal with the emotions and issues surrounding their offenses, in two southern U.S. women's prisons. The intervention involved skills building in communication, community building, creativity, and caring for the self, using narrative writing, speaking, and movement. There was broad agreement that the intervention had multiple positive impacts, including insight into factors that lead to incarceration, comfort with selves and better ability to express themselves, restorative justice (ability to understand the situation of others, understanding the impact on themselves and their families), better relationships with other inmates, and understanding the challenges that may lead to recidivism...
April 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
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