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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160388/cardiovascular-autonomic-dysfunction-in-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-hypermobile-type
#1
Alan Hakim, Chris O'Callaghan, Inge De Wandele, Lauren Stiles, Alan Pocinki, Peter Rowe
Autonomic dysfunction contributes to health-related impairment of quality of life in the hypermobile type of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (hEDS). Typical signs and symptoms include tachycardia, hypotension, gastrointestinal dysmotility, and disturbed bladder function and sweating regulation. Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction may present as Orthostatic Intolerance, Orthostatic Hypotension, Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome, or Neurally Mediated Hypotension. The incidence, prevalence, and natural history of these conditions remain unquantified, but observations from specialist clinics suggest they are frequently seen in hEDS...
February 4, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129779/targeting-functional-fitness-hearing-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-hearing-loss-walk-talk-n-listen-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Justin Lambert, Rouzbeh Ghadry-Tavi, Kate Knuff, Marc Jutras, Jodi Siever, Paul Mick, Carolyn Roque, Gareth Jones, Jonathan Little, Harry Miller, Colin Van Bergen, Donna Kurtz, Mary Ann Murphy, Charlotte Ann Jones
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss (HL) is a disability associated with poorer health-related quality of life including an increased risk for loneliness, isolation, functional fitness declines, falls, hospitalization and premature mortality. The purpose of this pilot trial is to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a novel intervention to reduce loneliness, improve functional fitness, social connectedness, hearing and health-related quality of life in older adults with HL. METHODS: This 10-week, single-blind, pilot randomized control trial (RCT) will include a convenience sample of ambulatory adults aged 65 years or older with self-reported HL...
January 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117498/factors-that-explain-the-cancer-related-insomnia
#3
Noelia Galiano-Castillo, Manuel Arroyo-Morales, Angélica Ariza-Garcia, Carolina Fernández-Lao, Andrés J Fernández-Fernández, Irene Cantarero-Villanueva
A better understanding of cancer related insomnia and its relationship with other associated factors is necessary to improve its management. To clarify the relationship between insomnia and treatment related variables, sociodemographic data, health related fitness, pain, anxiety, and depression in breast cancer patients. One hundred twenty-three patients participated in this cross-sectional study. As a primary variable was insomnia using The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 version...
January 24, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103811/study-protocol-effect-of-playful-training-on-functional-abilities-of-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Jari Due Jessen, Henrik Hautop Lund
BACKGROUND: Loss of functional capabilities due to inactivity is one of the most common reasons for fall accidents, and it has been well established that loss of capabilities can be effectively reduced by physical activity. Pilot studies indicate a possible improvement in functional abilities of community dwelling elderly as a result of short-term playing with an exergame system in the form of interactive modular tiles. Such playful training may be motivational to perform and viewed by the subjects to offer life-fulfilling quality, while providing improvement in physical abilities, e...
January 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008603/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-effects-of-chair-yoga-on-pain-and-physical-function-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-lower-extremity-osteoarthritis
#5
Juyoung Park, Ruth McCaffrey, David Newman, Patricia Liehr, Joseph G Ouslander
OBJECTIVES: To determine effects of Sit 'N' Fit Chair Yoga, compared to a Health Education program (HEP), on pain and physical function in older adults with lower extremity osteoarthritis (OA) who could not participate in standing exercise. DESIGN: Two-arm randomized controlled trial. SETTING: One HUD senior housing facility and one day senior center in south Florida. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults (N = 131) were randomly assigned to chair yoga (n = 66) or HEP (n = 65)...
December 23, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991604/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-wall-climbing-intervention-for-gynecologic-cancer-survivors
#6
Jennifer J Crawford, Jeff K Vallance, Nicholas L Holt, Gordon J Bell, Helen Steed, Kerry S Courneya
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an eight-week supervised climbing intervention for gynecologic cancer survivors (GCSs).
. DESIGN: A pilot randomized, controlled trial.
. SETTING: The Wilson Climbing Center in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 35 GCSs who had completed cancer therapy.
. METHODS: GCSs were randomized to an eight-week (16 session) supervised wall climbing intervention (WCI) (n = 24) or usual care (UC) (n = 11)...
January 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927218/efficacy-of-interventions-that-use-apps-to-improve-diet-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Stephanie Schoeppe, Stephanie Alley, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Nicola A Bray, Susan L Williams, Mitch J Duncan, Corneel Vandelanotte
BACKGROUND: Health and fitness applications (apps) have gained popularity in interventions to improve diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviours but their efficacy is unclear. This systematic review examined the efficacy of interventions that use apps to improve diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviour in children and adults. METHODS: Systematic literature searches were conducted in five databases to identify papers published between 2006 and 2016. Studies were included if they used a smartphone app in an intervention to improve diet, physical activity and/or sedentary behaviour for prevention...
December 7, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918772/energy-based-facial-rejuvenation-advances-in-diagnosis-and-treatment
#8
Christopher J Britt, Benjamin Marcus
Importance: The market for nonsurgical, energy-based facial rejuvenation techniques has increased exponentially since lasers were first used for skin rejuvenation in 1983. Advances in this area have led to a wide range of products that require the modern facial plastic surgeon to have a large repertoire of knowledge. Objective: To serve as a guide for current trends in the development of technology, applications, and outcomes of laser and laser-related technology over the past 5 years...
January 1, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881152/fitness-and-mobility-training-in-patients-with-intensive-care-unit-acquired-muscle-weakness-fitonicu-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Jan Mehrholz, Simone Thomas, Jane H Burridge, André Schmidt, Bettina Scheffler, Ralph Schellin, Stefan Rückriem, Daniel Meißner, Katja Mehrholz, Wolfgang Sauter, Ulf Bodechtel, Bernhard Elsner
BACKGROUND: Critical illness myopathy (CIM) and polyneuropathy (CIP) are a common complication of critical illness. Both cause intensive-care-unit-acquired (ICU-acquired) muscle weakness (ICUAW) which increases morbidity and delays rehabilitation and recovery of activities of daily living such as walking ability. Focused physical rehabilitation of people with ICUAW is, therefore, of great importance at both an individual and a societal level. A recent systematic Cochrane review found no randomised controlled trials (RCT), and thus no supporting evidence, for physical rehabilitation interventions for people with defined CIP and CIM to improve activities of daily living...
November 24, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866841/thai-yoga-improves-physical-function-and-well-being-in-older-adults-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Chaiya Noradechanunt, Anthony Worsley, Herbert Groeller
OBJECTIVES: Compare two 12-week low-intensity exercise regimens on components of physical function and quality of life in community-dwelling healthy yet sedentary adults aged over 60. DESIGN: This study used a randomised, multi-arm, controlled trial design. METHODS: Thirty-nine sedentary participants (29 women), aged 67.7±6.7 years were randomly allocated to either a 12-week Thai Yoga (TY) or Tai Chi (TC) for 90min twice per week, or telephone counselling Control (C)...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848017/effects-of-a-12-week-short-interval-intermittent-low-intensity-slow-jogging-program-on-skeletal-muscle-fat-infiltration-and-fitness-in-older-adults-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Masahiro Ikenaga, Yosuke Yamada, Yujiro Kose, Kazuhiro Morimura, Yasuki Higaki, Akira Kiyonaga, Hiroaki Tanaka
PURPOSE: We developed a short-interval, low-intensity, slow-jogging (SJ) program consisting of sets of 1 min of SJ at walking speed and 1 min of walking. We aimed to examine the effects of an easily performed SJ program on skeletal muscle, fat infiltration, and fitness in older adults. METHODS: A total of 81 community-dwelling, independent, older adults (70.8 ± 4.0 years) were randomly assigned to the SJ or control group. The SJ group participants were encouraged to perform 90 min of SJ at their anaerobic threshold (AT) intensity and 90 min of walking intermittently per week...
November 15, 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807532/effects-of-therapeutic-tai-chi-on-functional-fitness-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-patients-with-parkinson-disease
#12
Hye-Jung Choi
The purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of therapeutic Tai chi (TTC) on the functional fitness status and activities of daily living (ADL) of patients with Parkinson disease (PD). The participants were clinically stable PDs in Hoehn and Yahr stage 1-2. These patients were randomly assigned to either the TTC group (n=11) or the control (CON) group (n=9). The TTC exercised at the clinic 2 times a week and performed home-based activity 1 time per week for 12 weeks. All the PDs were evaluated for functional fitness test and ADL screen before and after the 12-week trial...
October 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27297443/positive-effects-on-bone-mineralisation-and-muscular-fitness-after-10%C3%A2-months-of-intense-school-based-physical-training-for-children-aged-8-10%C3%A2-years-the-fit-first-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Malte Nejst Larsen, Claus Malta Nielsen, Eva Wulff Helge, Mads Madsen, Vibeke Manniche, Lone Hansen, Peter Riis Hansen, Jens Bangsbo, Peter Krustrup
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether musculoskeletal fitness of school children aged 8-10 years was affected by frequent intense PE sessions. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: 295 Danish school children aged 8-10 years were cluster randomised to a small-sided ball game group (SSG) (n=96, four schools, five classes), a circuit strength training group (CST) (n=83, four schools, four classes) or a control group (CON, n=116, two schools, five classes). INTERVENTION: SSG or CST was performed 3×40 min/week over 10 months...
June 13, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239405/patient-centred-physical-therapy-is-cost-effective-in-increasing-physical-activity-and-reducing-frailty-in-older-adults-with-mobility-problems-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-6%C3%A2-months-follow-up
#14
Nienke M de Vries, J Bart Staal, Philip J van der Wees, Eddy M M Adang, Reinier Akkermans, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden
BACKGROUND: Despite the well-known health benefits of physical activity, it is a great challenge to stay physically active for frail-older adults with mobility limitations. The aim of this study was to test the (cost-) effectiveness of a patient-centred physical therapy strategy (Coach2Move) in which individualized treatment (motivational interviewing, physical examination, individualized goal setting, coaching and advice on self management, and physical training) is combined to increase physical activity level and physical fitness and, thereby, to decrease the level of frailty...
September 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27232556/modified-stepping-exercise-improves-physical-performances-and-quality-of-life-in-healthy-elderly-subjects
#15
Taweesak Janyacharoen, Kungsadal Sirijariyawat, Teerawat Nithiatthawanon, Puttawat Pamorn, Kittisak Sawanyawisuth
BACKGROUND: Stepping exercise, an aerobic exercise, has been shown to be beneficial to elderly people if performed continuously for at least 12 weeks. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of engaging in modified stepping exercise on stairs with shorter height than the standard stepping platform for a shorter duration (8 weeks) on both physical fitness and quality of life in healthy elderly subjects by using a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: The study was conducted at the Elderly Club, Muang District, Khon Kaen, Thailand...
May 27, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27197271/effects-of-a-structured-exercise-program-on-physical-activity-and-fitness-in-colon-cancer-survivors-one-year-feasibility-results-from-the-challenge-trial
#16
Kerry S Courneya, Janette L Vardy, Christopher J O'Callaghan, Christine M Friedenreich, Kristin L Campbell, Harry Prapavessis, Jennifer J Crawford, Patti O'Brien, Haryana M Dhillon, Derek J Jonker, Neil S Chua, Sasha Lupichuk, Michael S Sanatani, Sharlene Gill, Ralph M Meyer, Stephen Begbie, Tony Bonaventura, Matthew E Burge, Jane Turner, Dongsheng Tu, Christopher M Booth
BACKGROUND: There is strong interest in testing lifestyle interventions to improve cancer outcomes; however, the optimal methods for achieving behavior change in large-scale pragmatic trials are unknown. Here, we report the 1-year feasibility results for exercise behavior change in the Canadian Cancer Trials Group CO.21 (CHALLENGE) Trial. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2014, 273 high-risk stage II and III colon cancer survivors from 42 centers in Canada and Australia were randomized to a structured exercise program (SEP; n = 136) or health education materials (HEM; n = 137)...
June 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27182986/physical-activity-fitness-cognitive-function-and-academic-achievement-in-children-a-systematic-review
#17
Joseph E Donnelly, Charles H Hillman, Darla Castelli, Jennifer L Etnier, Sarah Lee, Phillip Tomporowski, Kate Lambourne, Amanda N Szabo-Reed
BACKGROUND: The relationship among physical activity (PA), fitness, cognitive function, and academic achievement in children is receiving considerable attention. The utility of PA to improve cognition and academic achievement is promising but uncertain; thus, this position stand will provide clarity from the available science. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to answer the following questions: 1) among children age 5-13 yr, do PA and physical fitness influence cognition, learning, brain structure, and brain function? 2) Among children age 5-13 yr, do PA, physical education (PE), and sports programs influence standardized achievement test performance and concentration/attention? STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: This study used primary source articles published in English in peer-reviewed journals...
June 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27129607/in-hip-osteoarthritis-nordic-walking-is-superior-to-strength-training-and-home-based-exercise-for-improving-function
#18
T Bieler, V Siersma, S P Magnusson, M Kjaer, H E Christensen, N Beyer
This observer-blinded, randomized controlled trial compared the short- and long-term effects of 4 months of supervised strength training (ST) in a local fitness center, supervised Nordic Walking (NW) in a local park, and unsupervised home-based exercise (HBE, control) on functional performance in 60+-year-old persons (n = 152) with hip osteoarthritis (OA) not awaiting hip replacement. Functional performance [i.e., 30-s chair stand test (primary outcome), timed stair climbing, and 6-min walk test] and self-reported outcomes (i...
April 30, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27117014/static-load-bearing-exercises-of-individuals-with-transfemoral-amputation-fitted-with-an-osseointegrated-implant-loading-compliance
#19
Sofie Vertriest, Pascal Coorevits, Kerstin Hagberg, Rickard Brånemark, Eva Elisabet Häggström, Guy Vanderstraeten, Laurent Alain Frossard
BACKGROUND: Load-bearing exercises are performed by transfemoral amputees fitted with an osseointegrated implant to facilitate bone remodelling. OBJECTIVE: This study presents the loading compliance comparing loads prescribed and applied on the three axes of the implant during static load-bearing exercises with a specific emphasis on axial and vectorial comparisons. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. METHODS: A total of 11 fully rehabilitated unilateral transfemoral amputees fitted with an osseointegrated implant performed five trials in four loading conditions using a static standing frame...
April 26, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27098346/fitness-outcomes-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-exercise-training-for-men-with-prostate-cancer-the-engage-study
#20
Cadeyrn J Gaskin, Steve F Fraser, Patrick J Owen, Melinda Craike, Liliana Orellana, Patricia M Livingston
PURPOSE: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a 12-week, clinician-referred, community-based exercise training program with supervised and unsupervised sessions for men with prostate cancer. The secondary purpose was to determine whether androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) modified responses to exercise training. METHODS: Secondary analysis was undertaken on data from a multicentre cluster randomised controlled trial in which 15 clinicians were randomly assigned to refer eligible patients to an exercise training intervention (n = 8) or to provide usual care (n = 7)...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
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