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Fitness to Stand Trial

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696812/effects-of-aerobic-and-resistance-exercise-in-older-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Elvira Lange, Daniel Kucharski, Sara Svedlund, Karin Svensson, Gunhild Bertholds, Inger Gjertsson, Kaisa Mannerkorpi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of a person-centered, moderate-to-high intensity, aerobic and resistance exercise protocol on older adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), through a randomized controlled multi-center trial. METHODS: Older adults (65-75 years) with RA (n=74) were randomized to either a 20-week person-centered exercise intervention at a gym (n=36) or to home-based exercise of light intensity (n=38). Assessments were performed at baseline, at 20 weeks, and at 12 months...
April 26, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683913/acute-cardiometabolic-responses-to-a-novel-training-rope-protocol-in-children
#2
Avery D Faigenbaum, Jie Kang, Nicholas A Ratamess, Anne Farrell, Stephanie Golda, Andrew Stranieri, Jordan Coe, Jill A Bush
Faigenbaum, AD, Kang, J, Ratamess, NA, Farrell, A, Golda, S, Stranieri, A, Coe, J, and Bush, JA. Acute cardiometabolic responses to a novel training rope protocol in children. J Strength Cond Res 32(5): 1197-1206, 2018-The purpose of this study was to quantify the acute cardiometabolic responses to a novel training rope (TR) protocol in children. Fifteen boys (10.6 ± 1.4 years) were tested for peak oxygen uptake (V[Combining Dot Above]O2) on a treadmill and subsequently (2-7 days later) performed a progressive 10-minute protocol of 5 TR exercises (EX): EX1: standing side-to-side waves, EX2: seated alternating waves, EX3: standing alternating waves, EX4: jumping jacks, and EX5: double-arm slams...
May 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673832/effects-of-physical-training-with-the-nintendo-wii-fit-plus-%C3%A2-and-protein-supplementation-on-musculoskeletal-function-and-the-risk-of-falls-in-pre-frail-older-women-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-the-wiiprotein-study
#3
Audrin Said Vojciechowski, Simone Biesek, Jarbas Melo Filho, Estela Iraci Rabito, Maryelle Paula do Amaral, Anna Raquel Silveira Gomes
BACKGROUND: Frailty is one of the key geriatric syndromes and is related to the loss of functional independence. However, the practice of physical training (PT) combined with protein supplementation (PS) may improve musculoskeletal function (MF). OBJECTIVE: To verify the effect of PT using 'exergames' with or without PS on MF, nutritional status, and risk of falls in pre-frail older women. METHOD: The protocol is for a randomized controlled clinical trial with a sample of pre-frail older women, divided into 5 groups: control group; PT using exergames; PS; PT using exergames combined with PS; PT using exergames combined with isoenergetic supplementation...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651250/efficacy-of-stochastic-vestibular-stimulation-to-improve-locomotor-performance-during-adaptation-to-visuomotor-and-somatosensory-distortion
#4
David R Temple, Yiri E De Dios, Charles S Layne, Jacob J Bloomberg, Ajitkumar P Mulavara
Astronauts exposed to microgravity face sensorimotor challenges affecting balance control when readapting to Earth's gravity upon return from spaceflight. Small amounts of electrical noise applied to the vestibular system have been shown to improve balance control during standing and walking under discordant sensory conditions in healthy subjects, likely by enhancing information transfer through the phenomenon of stochastic resonance. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that imperceptible levels of stochastic vestibular stimulation (SVS) could improve short-term adaptation to a locomotor task in a novel sensory discordant environment...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600837/the-effects-of-functional-and-traditional-strength-training-on-different-parameters-of-strength-elderly-women-a-trial-randomized-and-controlled
#5
José C Aragão-Santos, Antônio G de Resende-Neto, Albernon Costa Nogueira, M Lourdes Feitosa-Neta, Leandro H Albuquerque Brandão, Leury M da Silva Chaves, Marzo E da Silva-Grigoletto
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise is the main strategy for improving physical fitness in elderly population. However, it is not clear which training method lead to greater adaptations on maximal dynamic strength, muscle power, muscle endurance and isometric strength in this population. Thus, our aim was to compare the effects of functional and traditional training on these variables in the elderly. METHODS: This study lasted twelve weeks, where forty-four elderly women were randomly divided into three groups: Functional (FT; n = 18); Traditional (TT; n = 15); and Control (CG; n = 11)...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600726/aerobic-with-resistance-training-or-aerobic-training-alone-poststroke-a-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Susan Marzolini, Dina Brooks, Paul Oh, David Jagroop, Bradley J MacIntosh, Nicole D Anderson, David Alter, Dale Corbett
BACKGROUND: Stroke is associated with muscle atrophy and weakness, mobility deficits, and cardiorespiratory deconditioning. Aerobic and resistance training (AT and RT) each have the potential to improve deficits, yet there is limited evidence on the utility of combined training. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of AT+RT versus AT on physiological outcomes in chronic stroke with motor impairments. METHODS: Participants (n = 73) were randomized to 6 months of AT (5 d/wk) or AT+RT (3 and 2 d/wk, respectively)...
March 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570574/sequencing-effects-of-plyometric-training-applied-before-or-after-regular-soccer-training-on-measures-of-physical-fitness-in-young-players
#7
Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Cristian Alvarez, Paulo Gentil, Irineu Loturco, Javier Sanchez-Sanchez, Mikel Izquierdo, Jason Moran, Fabio Y Nakamura, Helmi Chaabene, Urs Granacher
To compare the effects of short-term (i.e., 7 week) plyometric training applied before (PJT-B) or after (PJT-A) soccer practice on components of physical fitness in young soccer players, a single-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted. Post-pubertal boys aged 17.0±0.5 years were allocated to three groups: PJT-B (n=12), PJT-A (n=14), and control (CON; n=12). The outcome measures included tests to evaluate 20-m speed, standing long jump [SLJ], squat jump [SJ], countermovement jump [CMJ], and drop jump [DJ], 20-m multistage shuttle running speed [MSSRT], and Illinois change of direction speed [ICODT]...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548508/the-impact-of-defendants-race-in-competency-to-stand-trial-referrals
#8
Shana Harris, Rebecca A Weiss
In the United States, competency to stand trial (CST) evaluations ensure that criminal defendants are capable of participating in their defenses, thus ensuring an important legal right. However, some research has suggested that the CST process may be impacted by legally irrelevant factors such as a defendant's race and cultural background. However, the majority of researchers examined factors that are predictive of CST recommendations and decisions. Few studies have focused on potential racial discrepancies in attorney referrals for CST evaluations and whether they are exacerbated by professional experience...
March 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502566/aerobic-exercise-evidence-for-a-direct-brain-effect-to-slow-parkinson-disease-progression
#9
REVIEW
J Eric Ahlskog
No medications are proven to slow the progression of Parkinson disease (PD). Of special concern with longer-standing PD is cognitive decline, as well as motor symptoms unresponsive to dopamine replacement therapy. Not fully recognized is the substantial accumulating evidence that long-term aerobic exercise may attenuate PD progression. Randomized controlled trial proof will not be forthcoming due to many complicating methodological factors. However, extensive and diverse avenues of scientific investigation converge to argue that aerobic exercise and cardiovascular fitness directly influence cerebral mechanisms mediating PD progression...
March 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499504/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-internet-delivered-dialectical-behavior-therapy-skills-training-for-suicidal-and-heavy-episodic-drinkers
#10
Chelsey R Wilks, Anita Lungu, Sin Yee Ang, Brandon Matsumiya, Qingqing Yin, Marsha M Linehan
BACKGROUND: Given that alcohol misuse elevates risk of suicide death among ideators, the paucity of treatment outcome research for individuals presenting with both suicide ideation and problem drinking is particularly troubling. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) skills training, which effectively targets behaviors associated with emotion dysregulation including addictive and suicidal behaviors, provides a fitting model amenable to computerization. As stigma and scarcity stand as potential barriers to treatment, online dissemination platforms provide means for efficient treatment delivery that can augment the utility of suitable interventions...
May 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444712/physical-activity-as-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorders-fitforchange-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Mats Hallgren, Victoria Andersson, Örjan Ekblom, Sven Andréasson
BACKGROUND: Help-seeking for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) is low and traditional treatments are often perceived as stigmatizing. Physical activity has positive effects on mental and physical health which could benefit this population. We propose to compare the effects of aerobic training, yoga, and usual care for AUDs in physically inactive Swedish adults. METHODS: This is a three-group, parallel, single-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT). In total, 210 adults (aged 18-75 years) diagnosed with an AUD will be invited to participate in a 12-week intervention...
February 14, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400252/first-results-concerning-the-safety-walking-and-satisfaction-with-an-innovative-microprocessor-controlled-four-axes-prosthetic-foot
#12
Andreas Hahn, Ivana Sreckovic, Sebastian Reiter, Milana Mileusnic
BACKGROUND: The microprocessor-controlled foot Meridium is a prosthetic component with adjustable stance-phase characteristics. OBJECTIVES: To investigate subjects' and prosthetists' perception of safety, walking, and satisfaction during first routine fittings. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, prospective, observational cohort study. METHODS: Data regarding demographics, fitting process, safety, daily life activities, and satisfaction were obtained through questionnaires...
February 1, 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380695/how-to-control-asthma-with-personalized-management-where-do-we-stand-now
#13
Meng Wang, Yuan Yao, Shanqun Jiang, Fang Tao, Rui Tang, Jinlu Sun
Asthma is one of the most significant diseases worldwide and causes overwhelming costs physically and economically. The heterogeneity of asthma has been a hot topic, and an increasing amount of research has been conducted on this issue. The study of asthma has revealed various groups of asthma patients who share phenotypic characteristics that naturally elicit the need for personalized asthma therapy. Clinical evidence has shown that a 'one size fits all' approach does not apply to all asthma patients because of the large variability in treatment responses to asthma medication...
January 28, 2018: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377893/improvement-in-cardiac-dysfunction-with-a-novel-circuit-training-method-combining-simultaneous-aerobic-resistance-exercises-a-randomized-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Horesh Dor-Haim, Sharon Barak, Michal Horowitz, Eldad Yaakobi, Sara Katzburg, Moshe Swissa, Chaim Lotan
INTRODUCTION: Exercise is considered a valuable nonpharmacological intervention modality in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs in patients with ischemic heart disease. The effect of aerobic interval exercise combined with alternating sets of resistance training (super-circuit training, SCT) on cardiac patients' with reduced left ventricular function, post-myocardial infarction (MI) has not been thoroughly investigated. AIM OF STUDY: to improve cardiac function with a novel method of combined aerobic-resistance circuit training in a randomized control trial by way of comparing the effectiveness of continuous aerobic training (CAT) to SCT on mechanical cardiac function...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349929/severity-of-cognitive-disability-and-mental-health-court-determinations-about-fitness-to-stand-trial
#15
J T Young, F J Davis, S Wardale, M Vassos, K van Dooren, K Nankervis, N G Lennox
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the socio-demographic, clinical and legal determinants of mental health court decisions of unsoundness of mind and unfitness to stand trial for people with cognitive disability. We aimed to estimate the association between severity of cognitive disability and mental health court determinations of unsoundness or unfitness and describe the socio-demographic, clinical and legal factors that predict these determinations. METHODS: Case file data were extracted on 92 individuals who had a criminal case referred to the Queensland Mental Health Court between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2014 due to cognitive disability...
February 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338767/effect-of-exercise-versus-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-or-no-intervention-on-anxiety-depression-fitness-and-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-previous-methamphetamine-dependency-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Linzette Morris, Jessica Stander, Wardah Ebrahim, Stephanie Eksteen, Orissa Anna Meaden, Ané Ras, Annemarie Wessels
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (MA) is a highly addictive psychostimulant used by approximately 52 million people worldwide. Chronic MA abuse leads to detrimental physiological and neurological changes, as well as increases in anxiety and depression, and decreases in overall fitness and quality of life. Exercise has been reported to possibly reverse physiological and neurological damage caused by previous MA use, and to reduce anxiety and depression in this population. The aim of this systematic review was to identify, clinically appraise and synthesise the available evidence for the effectiveness of exercise, compared to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), standard care or no intervention, on decreasing anxiety and depression and improving fitness and quality of life in previous MA users...
January 16, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330176/therapists-experiences-with-a-new-treatment-combining-physical-exercise-and-dietary-therapy-the-ped-t-for-eating-disorders-an-interview-study-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-at-the-norwegian-school-of-sport-sciences
#17
Maria Bakland, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Rolf Wynn, Jan H Rosenvinge, Annett Victoria Stornæs, Gunn Pettersen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study is to explore how therapists running a guided physical exercise and dietary therapy programme (PED-t) experience their contribution to the treatment of patients with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. METHODS: Ten therapists running the PED-t were semistructurally interviewed and the transcribed interviews were analysed using a systematic text condensation approach. SETTING: The study was run within the context of a randomised controlled trial at the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326087/a-multicomponent-exercise-program-improves-physical-function-in-long-term-nursing-home-residents-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Haritz Arrieta, Chloe Rezola-Pardo, Idoia Zarrazquin, Iñaki Echeverria, Jose Javier Yanguas, Miren Iturburu, Susana Maria Gil, Ana Rodriguez-Larrad, Jon Irazusta
To investigate the impact of a multicomponent exercise program on anthropometry, physical function, and physical activity on older adults living in long-term nursing homes (LTNH), we conducted a randomized controlled trial involving 112 participants aged 84.9 ± 6.9 years. Participants were randomly assigned to an intervention (IG) or control group (CG). The IG participated in a 3-month multicomponent exercise intervention focused on strength, balance, stretching exercises, and walking recommendations...
March 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284238/adherence-to-physical-activity-guidelines-and-functional-fitness-of-elderly-women-using-objective-measurement
#19
Agnieszka Nawrocka, Władysław Mynarski, Jarosław Cholewa
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Physical activity is an important factor in maintaining the health and functional fitness of elderly people. The aim of the study was to determine the number of senior women meeting the physical activity guidelines, and their level of functional fitness in comparison to women who are not sufficiently physically active. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 61 women, aged 60-75. Physical activity was monitored on seven consecutive days of the week, using a triaxial accelerometer ActiGraph GT3X...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104758/measuring-the-impact-of-multiple-sclerosis-enhancing-the-measurement-performance-of-the-multiple-sclerosis-impact-scale-msis-29-using-rasch-measurement-theory-rmt
#20
Sophie Cleanthous, Stefan Cano, Elizabeth Kinter, Patrick Marquis, Jennifer Petrillo, Xiaojun You, Craig Wakeford, Guido Sabatella
Background: Study objectives were to evaluate the Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale (MSIS-29) and explore an optimized scoring structure based on empirical post-hoc analyses of data from the Phase III ADVANCE clinical trial. Methods: ADVANCE MSIS-29 data from six time-points were analyzed in a sample of patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Rasch Measurement Theory (RMT) analysis was undertaken to examine three broad areas: sample-to-scale targeting, measurement scale properties, and sample measurement validity...
July 2017: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
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