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Risk Factors for Violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446961/a-biopsychosocial-model-of-violence-when-sleepwalking-review-and-reconceptualisation
#1
REVIEW
Helen M Stallman, Andrea Bari
SUMMARY: Violence towards others during sleepwalking is relatively uncommon, but can result in serious injury or even death. Much of the research in this field has focused on the forensic consequences of violence during sleepwalking without sufficient attention to an understanding of the risk factors for violence during sleepwalking and the development of prevention and interventions based on these risk factors. This paper reviews the characteristics of impulsive violence in general and reconceptualises violence during sleepwalking as an extension of this prior vulnerability...
March 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446894/the-predictive-validity-of-the-structured-assessment-of-violence-risk-in-youth-for-young-spanish-offenders
#2
Elena Ortega-Campos, Juan García-García, Flor Zaldívar-Basurto
The present study examined the predictive validity of the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) in a group of young Spanish offenders. The sample is made up of 594 minors from the Juvenile Court, between the ages of 14 and 18 at the time they committed the delinquent act. The SAVRY was able to differentiate between low and high-risk younger offenders. Mean scores on risk factor are greater in the group of recidivist offenders, the group of non-recidivist shows higher mean scores in Protective domain...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444197/understanding-the-linkages-between-social-safety-nets-and-childhood-violence-a-review-of-the-evidence-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#3
Amber Peterman, Anastasia Naomi Neijhoft, Sarah Cook, Tia M Palermo
As many as one billion children experience violence every year, and household- and community-level poverty are among the risk factors for child protection violations. Social safety nets (SSNs) are a main policy tool to address poverty and vulnerability, and there is substantial evidence demonstrating positive effects on children's health and human capital. This paper reviews evidence and develops a framework to understand linkages between non-contributory SSNs and the experience of childhood emotional, physical and sexual violence in low- and middle-income countries...
April 22, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443367/preventing-risky-behaviours-among-young-adolescents-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo-a-qualitative-study
#4
Anjalee Kohli, Mitima Mpanano Remy, Arsene Kajabika Binkurhorhwa, Clovis Murhula Mitima, Alfred Bacikenge Mirindi, Nadine Bufole Mwinja, Jean Heri Banyewesize, Gisele Mushengezi Ntakwinja, Nancy A Perrin, Nancy Glass
This qualitative study explores and describes adolescent risk behaviours, specifically consumption of alcohol and use of violence; the perceived consequences of these behaviours on future well-being and relationships; and collaboratively identifies the essential components of a prevention intervention for risk behaviours (alcohol use, violence) among young adolescents while strengthening the protective individual and relationship factors in post-conflict Democratic Republic of Congo. One-on-one in-depth interviews were conducted with 28 male and female youth, 20 parents/guardians and 20 stakeholders in three rural villages of South Kivu Province...
April 26, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442023/factors-affecting-the-views-and-experiences-of-women-living-in-the-city-centre-of-manisa-turkey-regarding-domestic-violence
#5
Saliha Özpinar, Gönül Dinç Horasan, Hakan Baydur, Tülin Canbay
Domestic violence against women is an important social and public health problem worldwide resulting from unequal power relationships between men and women. The purpose of the present cross-sectional descriptive study was to determine the factors affecting the views and experiences of women living in the city centre of Manisa, Turkey, regarding domestic violence. The data were collected from a representative sample of women (n=873) in 2012. The socio-demographic questionnaire and the World Health Organization's Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence Against Women were used for data collection...
November 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431382/childhood-maltreatment-preceding-depressive-disorder-at-age-18-years-a-prospective-brazilian-birth-cohort-study
#6
Erika Alejandra Giraldo Gallo, Christian Loret De Mola, Fernando Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Christian Kieling, Joseph Murray
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment is linked with increased risk for mental illness in adolescence and adulthood. However, little evidence is available on whether different forms of maltreatment have specific effects, and no prospective studies in low- or middle-income countries have addressed this issue. METHODS: Participants in a population-based, birth cohort study in Pelotas, Brazil (N=3715) self-reported exposure to maltreatment (emotional abuse, physical neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, domestic violence) in confidential questionnaires at age 15 years, and were assessed for major depression in interviews at age 18 years, using the MINI...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429958/the-influence-of-violence-victimization-on-sexual-health-behaviors-and-outcomes
#7
Jennifer Latimer, Julia Fleckman, Maeve Wallace, Michele Rountree, Katherine Theall
This study examines the implications of a history of personal violence on health and health behaviors. A secondary analysis of cross-sectional data involving adults (n = 214) from a semirural area in southern Louisiana between October 2008 and December 2010 was conducted to ascertain the association between a personal history of violence victimization and indicators of sexual health behaviors and outcomes: communication with sexual partners about HIV status, consistent condom use, and sexually transmitted infection (STI)...
April 21, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426560/universal-screening-for-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-in-trauma-patients-an-east-multicenter-trial
#8
Tanya L Zakrison, Xiomara Ruiz, Rondi Gelbard, John Cline, David Turay, Xian Luo-Owen, Nicholas Namias, Marie Crandall, Jessica George, Brian H Williams
BACKGROUND: A single center trial recently demonstrated a prevalence of 14% of intimate partner and sexual violence (IPSV) amongst both male and female trauma patients, regardless of mechanism of injury. We aimed to determine if this phenomenon was similar to rates in other trauma centers by assessing the feasibility of universal screening, and determining the prevalence and association of IPSV with other trauma-associated comorbidities. METHODS: We designed an EAST- supported multicenter, prospective observational cohort study involving four Level I trauma centers throughout the United States...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424971/high-frequency-of-illegal-drug-use-influences-condom-use-among-female-transgender-sex-workers-in-argentina-impact-on-hiv-and-syphilis-infections
#9
María M Avila, María S Dos Ramos Farías, Lucía Fazzi, Marcela Romero, Elena Reynaga, Rubén Marone, María A Pando
The high prevalence of HIV and syphilis found among female transgender sex workers (FTSWs) in Argentina calls for the study of factors leading to negative health consequences. Given the particular characteristics observed in this population (high marginalization, school dropout, and low adherence to healthcare services), we explored the association of several socio-demographic characteristics with syphilis and HIV infections, and the determinants of condom use. This study revealed that FTSWs from Argentina were exposed to several risk factors decreasing thus their ability to negotiate condom use and leading to increased risk for transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs)...
April 19, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423479/does-a-crossover-age-effect-exist-for-african-american-and-hispanic-binge-drinkers-findings-from-the-2010-to-2013-national-study-on-drug-use-and-health
#10
Tamika C B Zapolski, Patrick Baldwin, Devin E Banks, Timothy E Stump
BACKGROUND: Among general population studies, lower rates of binge drinking tend to be found among African Americans and Hispanics compared to Whites. However, among older adult populations, minority groups have been shown to be at higher risk for binge drinking, suggesting the presence of a crossover effect from low to high risk as a function of age. To date, limited research has examined the crossover effect among African American and Hispanic populations compared to non-Hispanic Whites across large developmental time frames or explored variation in risk based on income or gender...
April 19, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423137/psychometric-properties-of-the-vulnerability-to-abuse-screening-scale-for-screening-abuse-of-older-adults
#11
Raquel Batista Dantas, Graziella Lage Oliveira, Andréa Maria Silveira
OBJECTIVE: Adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Vulnerability to Abuse Screening Scale to identify risk of domestic violence against older adults in Brazil. METHODS: The instrument was adapted and validated in a sample of 151 older adults from a geriatric reference center in the municipality of Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais, in 2014. We collected sociodemographic, clinical, and abuse-related information, and verified reliability by reproducibility in a sample of 55 older people, who underwent re-testing of the instrument seven days after the first application...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421427/community-violence-exposure-and-risk-taking-behaviors-among-black-emerging-adults-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Robert Motley, Whitney Sewell, Yu-Chih Chen
Black emerging adults ages 18-29, particularly those residing in predominantly black urban communities, are at risk for community violence exposure (CVE). This potentially traumatic event may induce traumatic stress reactions for black emerging adults that contribute to their engagement in violence perpetration, substance use and/or sexual risk-taking behaviors as a way to cope with their experiences. To address these identified concerns and make recommendations for future research, this article identifies and synthesizes results from studies that have examined CVE and its association with violence perpetration, substance use, and sexual risk-taking behaviors among black emerging adults...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421391/epidemiology-of-suicide-attempts-among-youth-transitioning-to-adulthood
#13
Martie P Thompson, Kevin Swartout
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for older adolescents and young adults. Although empirical literature has identified important risk factors of suicidal behavior, it is less understood if changes in risk factors correspond with changes in suicide risk. To address this knowledge gap, we assessed if there were different trajectories of suicidal behavior as youth transition into young adulthood and determined what time-varying risk factors predicted these trajectories. This study used four waves of data spanning approximately 13 years from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419796/-third-working-conditions-and-health-survey-in-navarre-spain-main-findings
#14
Vega García
OBJECTIVE: To describe health problems and working conditions perceived by workers of Navarra, Spain. METHODS: Conduct of the Third Survey of Working Conditions and Health in Navarre. We administered the Seventh Spanish National Survey of Working Conditions questionnaire by personal interviews conducted in the workers' homes between October 2014 and December 2014, and using a three-stage stratified sampling approach, by economic activity, work establishment size and gender...
April 2017: Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417270/current-reports-on-perinatal-intimate-partner-violence
#15
REVIEW
Donna E Stewart, Simone N Vigod, Harriet L MacMillan, Prabha S Chandra, Alice Han, Marta B Rondon, Jennifer C D MacGregor, Ekaterina Riazantseva
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study was to review the literature on perinatal intimate partner violence, focusing on recent knowledge to guide mental health professionals on the best approaches to identify and treat women exposed to perinatal intimate partner violence. RECENT FINDINGS: Risk factors have been broadened from individual victim and perpetrator factors to include relationship, community, and societal factors which interact together. Better information is now available on how to identify, document, and treat women exposed to violence around the time of conception, pregnancy, and the postpartum period...
May 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414591/violence-victimization-social-support-and-papanicolaou-smear-outcomes-a-longitudinal-study-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#16
Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Justin E Heinze, Ian Lang, Ritesh Mistry, Anne Buu, Marc A Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: African American youth are among those at greatest risk for experiencing violence victimization. Notably, the mortality rate of cervical cancer for African American women is also twice that of white women. To date, we know of no literature using longitudinal data to examine how violence victimization relates to Papanicolaou (Pap) smear results or cervical cancer in this population. Our study examines how violence victimization during adolescence (age 15 to 18) influences psychological distress, perceived social support, heavy substance abuse, and sexual risk behaviors during emerging adulthood (age 20 to 23), and subsequent Pap smear outcomes during young adulthood (age 29 to 32)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413921/preventing-the-onset-of-child-sexual-abuse-by-targeting-young-adolescents-with-universal-prevention-programming
#17
Elizabeth J Letourneau, Cindy M Schaeffer, Catherine P Bradshaw, Kenneth A Feder
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a serious public health problem that increases risk for physical and mental health problems across the life course. Young adolescents are responsible for a substantial portion of CSA offending, yet to our knowledge, no validated prevention programs that target CSA perpetration by youth exist. Most existing efforts to address CSA rely on reactive criminal justice policies or programs that teach children to protect themselves; neither approach is well validated. Given the high rates of desistance from sexual offending following a youth's first CSA-related adjudication, it seems plausible that many youth could be prevented from engaging in their first offense...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412581/workplace-violence-against-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Liuyi Zhang, Anni Wang, Xia Xie, Yanhong Zhou, Jing Li, Lijun Yang, Jingping Zhang
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence is a serious problem for clinical nurses, as it leads to a series of adverse consequences. However, little information is available on the prevalence and influencing factors of workplace violence in China. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of workplace violence against Chinese nurses, and its influencing factors. DESIGN: A multi-center, cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: The seven geographical regions (i...
April 7, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410973/the-influence-of-relationship-power-and-partner-communication-on-the-syndemic-factor-among-hispanic-women
#19
Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, Brian E McCabe, Esther Mathurin, Summer D DeBastiani, Nilda Peragallo Montano
BACKGROUND: This study expands research on the substance abuse, intimate partner violence, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and depression syndemic theory for Hispanic women. We hypothesized relationship power and partner communication would be related to the syndemic. METHODS: Data were used from the baseline assessment of an effectiveness trial of SEPA (Salud/Health, Educación/Education, Prevención/Prevention, and Autocuidado/Self-care), an HIV/sexually transmitted infection risk reduction program for Hispanic women...
April 11, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402692/racial-ethnic-differences-in-women-s-experiences-of-reproductive-coercion-intimate-partner-violence-and-unintended-pregnancy
#20
Charvonne N Holliday, Heather L McCauley, Jay G Silverman, Edmund Ricci, Michele R Decker, Daniel J Tancredi, Jessica G Burke, Patricia Documét, Sonya Borrero, Elizabeth Miller
OBJECTIVE: To explore racial/ethnic differences in reproductive coercion (RC), intimate partner violence (IPV), and unintended pregnancy (UIP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional, baseline data from an intervention that was conducted between August 2008 and March 2009 in five family planning clinics in the San Francisco, California area, to examine the association of race/ethnicity with RC, IPV, and UIP among female patients aged 16-29 (n = 1234)...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
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