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Risk Factors for Violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208946/the-impact-of-intimate-male-partner-violence-on-women-s-sexual-function-a-study-in-iran
#1
Safieh Jamali, Shohreh Javadpour
INTRODUCTION: Sexuality is an integral part of a woman's life. A variety of factors can affect a woman's sexuality, among them physical disorders, social-religious beliefs, age, psychological factors, depression, mental tension, disbelief, an unfulfilling relationship with one's spouse and emotional and physical violence. AIM: The present study aimed to explore the rate of domestic violence against women and its impact on women's sexuality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 813 women referring to the gynaecology clinics of Jahrom, Iran, from April to October 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206783/initial-validation-of-the-self-directed-violence-picture-system-sdvps
#2
Sarra Nazem, Jeri E Forster, Lisa A Brenner
A better understanding of factors that differentiate those who only experience suicidal ideation from those who engage in self-directed violence (SDV) is critical for suicide prevention efforts (Klonsky & May, 2014; May & Klonsky, 2016). To identify who is at greatest risk for death by suicide, it is imperative that new innovative assessment tools be created to facilitate behavioral measurement of key constructs associated with increased risk for SDV. The aim of the current study was to develop and validate a set of suicide-specific images, called the Self-Directed Violence Picture System (SDVPS), to help meet this need...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204999/the-potential-protective-role-of-peer-relationships-on-school-engagement-in-at-risk-adolescents
#3
Jacqueline O Moses, Miguel T Villodas
Negative outcomes associated with adverse childhood experiences are well established, but little is known about protective factors that could promote positive adjustment among high-risk youth. This study examined the potential protective role of positive peer relationships in the association between adverse childhood experiences and school engagement among at-risk adolescents. Data were collected prospectively from birth until age 16 from 831 diverse adolescents (52.6% female; 54% African American, 24% Caucasian) who were at-risk for family violence and their caregivers...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186637/perceived-burdensomeness-thwarted-belongingness-and-fearlessness-about-death-associations-with-suicidal-ideation-among-female-veterans-exposed-to-military-sexual-trauma
#4
Lindsey L Monteith, Nazanin H Bahraini, Deleene S Menefee
OBJECTIVE: Military sexual trauma (MST) is prevalent among female Veterans and is associated with increased risk for suicidal self-directed violence. Yet research examining processes which contribute to suicidal ideation and attempts among MST survivors has been sparse, focusing primarily on psychiatric symptoms or diagnoses, rather than employing a theory-driven approach. The interpersonal-psychological theory (Joiner, 2005) is a leading theory of suicide that may be particularly relevant for understanding suicidal ideation among female Veterans who have experienced MST...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185022/correlates-of-double-risk-of-hiv-acquisition-and-transmission-among-women-who-inject-drugs-in-st-petersburg-russia
#5
Polina Girchenko, Elizabeth J King
Russia continues to experience a growing HIV epidemic, and women account for an increasing proportion of new HIV diagnoses in the country. This study aims to provide up-to-date information on factors associated with unsafe sex and drug use behaviors among women who inject drugs in St. Petersburg, Russia. In this community-based sample of 500 women who inject drugs, 64% tested positive for HIV. Women reported the following: 21% reported injection risk, 22% reported sexual risk, and 18% reported double risk. Multivariable analyses using logistic multinomial regression showed that older age is associated with increased risk behaviors...
February 9, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183223/three-central-dimensions-of-sexual-recidivism-risk
#6
Sébastien Brouillette-Alarie, Jean Proulx, R Karl Hanson
The most commonly used risk assessment tools for predicting sexual violence focus almost exclusively on static, historical factors. Consequently, they are assumed to be unable to directly inform the selection of treatment targets, or evaluate change. However, researchers using latent variable models have identified three dimensions in static actuarial scales for sexual offenders: Sexual Criminality, General Criminality, and a third dimension centered on young age and aggression to strangers. In the current study, we examined the convergent and predictive validity of these dimensions, using psychological features of the offender (e...
January 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176644/sexual-and-gender-based-violence-attitudes-and-experiences-among-nine-sub-saharan-african-militaries
#7
Vienna Nightingale, Bonnie Tran, Judith Harbertson, Antonio Langa, Michael Grillo, Olivier Kalombo, Anne Thomas
INTRODUCTION: While sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is recognized as an important factor driving the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa, attitudes toward and prevalence of SGBV within sub-Saharan African military populations are unknown. Data on SGBV were collected from military service members of nine sub-Saharan African militaries. Attitudes related to SGBV and characteristics of those who commit and experience SGBV are reported. METHODS: Data for 8815 service members (8165 men and 650 women) aged 18 years or older who voluntarily participated in the Seroprevalence and Behavioral Epidemiology Risk Surveys from 2009 to 2014 were included in this secondary data analysis...
February 7, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176169/receipt-and-perpetration-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-condomless-anal-intercourse-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-atlanta
#8
Rob Stephenson, Catherine Finneran
Intimate partner violence (IPV) rates are disproportionately high among sexual minority populations, with increasing evident that gay men experience IPV at the same rates as heterosexual women. This study examines the relationship between self-reported condomless anal intercourse (CAI) and IPV among a sample of 750 gay and bisexual men. Participants answered questions regarding recent receipt and perpetration of IPV using the IPV-GBM Scale (Cronbach Alpha 0.90). Of the sample, 46.1% reported recent receipt of any type of IPV and 33...
February 7, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169873/physical-and-sexual-violence-affecting-female-sex-workers-in-abidjan-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-prevalence-and-the-relationship-between-violence-the-work-environment-hiv-and-access-to-health-services
#9
Carrie Lyons, Sosthenes Ketende, Fatou Drame, Ashley Grosso, Daouda Diouf, Ibrahima Ba, Kate Shannon, Rebecca Ezouatchi, Amara Bamba, Abo Kouame, Stefan Baral
BACKGROUND: Violence is a human rights violation, and an important measure in understanding HIV among female sex workers (FSW). However, limited data exist regarding correlates of violence among FSW in Côte d'Ivoire. Characterizing prevalence and determinants of violence and the relationship with structural risks for HIV can inform development and implementation of comprehensive HIV prevention and treatment programs. METHODS: FSW > 18 years were recruited through respondent driven sampling (RDS) in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161071/-intimate-partner-violence-types-and-risk-in-primary-care-health-users-in-cancun-quintana-roo-mexico
#10
Luis Sandoval-Jurado, María Valeria Jiménez-Báez, Gloria Rovira Alcocer, Omar Vital Hernandez, Fany Guadalupe Pat Espadas
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence and type of intimate partner violence in women assigned at primary care health and estimates the risks for violence. DESIGN: Case (incident cases)-control. LOCATION: Primary health care unit in Cancun, Quintana Roo, Mexico. PARTICIPANTS: Women over 18years old living in couple at last 12months. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Validated violence scale for Mexican population was evaluated: total partner violence, physical, psychological and sexual violence...
February 1, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161034/impact-of-social-determinants-of-health-on-medical-conditions-among-transgender-veterans
#11
John R Blosnich, Mary C Marsiglio, Melissa E Dichter, Shasha Gao, Adam J Gordon, Jillian C Shipherd, Michael R Kauth, George R Brown, Michael J Fine
INTRODUCTION: Transgender individuals experience pronounced disparities in health (e.g., mood disorders, suicide risk) and in the prevalence of social determinants of housing instability, financial strain, and violence. The objectives of this study were to understand the prevalence of social determinants among transgender veterans and assess their associations with medical conditions. METHODS: This project was a records review using administrative data from the U...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155816/crisis-affected-populations-and-tuberculosis
#12
Dominik Zenner
By definition, humanitarian crises can severely affect human health, directly through violence or indirectly through breakdown of infrastructure or lack of provision for basic human needs, such as safe shelter, food, clean water, and suitable clothing. After the initial phase, these indirect effects are the most important determinants of morbidity and mortality in humanitarian emergencies, and infectious diseases are among the most significant causes of ill health. Tuberculosis (TB) incidence in humanitarian emergencies varies depending on a number of factors, including the country background epidemiology, but will be elevated compared with precrisis levels...
January 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134494/controlling-behaviours-and-technology-facilitated-abuse-perpetrated-by-men-receiving-substance-use-treatment-in-england-and-brazil-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#13
Gail Gilchrist, Martha Canfield, Polly Radcliffe, Ana Flavia Pires Lucas D'Oliveira
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Controlling behaviours are highly prevalent forms of non-physical intimate partner violence (IPV). The prevalence of perpetrating controlling behaviours and technology-facilitated abuse (TFA) was compared by men receiving substance use treatment in England (n = 223) and Brazil (n = 280). Factors associated with perpetrating these behaviours towards their current/most recent partner and their association with other types of IPV were explored. DESIGN AND METHODS: Secondary analysis from two cross-sectional studies was performed...
January 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127777/the-pathways-between-socioeconomic-status-and-adolescent-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Bethany Devenish, Merrilyn Hooley, David Mellor
Socioeconomic status (SES) is a significant risk factor for negative adolescent development outcomes. Identifying the pathways between SES and these outcomes may inform interventions for adolescents from this demographic. We conducted a systematic literature review of eight databases for studies investigating pathways between SES and adolescent psychosocial outcomes. A total of 59 articles met inclusion criteria. Significant risk factors identified include economic stress, chaos in the home, and violence in the community...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127117/the-influence-of-victim-vulnerability-and-gender-on-police-officers-assessment-of-intimate-partner-violence-risk
#15
Jennifer E Storey, Susanne Strand
This study investigated the influence of victim vulnerability factors and gender on risk assessment for intimate partner violence (IPV). 867 cases of male and female perpetrated IPV investigated by Swedish police officers using the Brief Spousal Assault Form for the Evaluation of Risk (B-SAFER) were examined. For male-to-female IPV, victim vulnerability factors were associated with summary risk judgments and risk management recommendations. For female-to-male IPV, vulnerability factors were more often omitted, and consistent associations were not found between vulnerability factors, summary risk judgments, and risk management...
2017: Journal of Family Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126484/prevalence-of-hiv-infection-among-people-with-disabilities-a-population-based-observational-study-in-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon-handivih
#16
Pierre De Beaudrap, Gervais Beninguisse, Estelle Pasquier, Alice Tchoumkeu, Adonis Touko, Frida Essomba, Aude Brus, Toyin Janet Aderemi, Jill Hanass-Hancock, Arne Henning Eide, Muriel Mac-Seing, Daniel Mont
BACKGROUND: In resource-limited settings, people with disabilities have been left behind in the response to HIV. In the HandiVIH study, we estimate and compare HIV prevalence and associated risk factors between people with and without disabilities. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, population-based, observational study, we used two-phase random sampling to recruit adults with disabilities and a control group matched for age, sex, and residential location from households of the general population...
January 23, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125385/climate-change-and-collective-violence
#17
Barry S Levy, Victor W Sidel, Jonathan A Patz
Climate change is causing increases in temperature, changes in precipitation and extreme weather events, sea-level rise, and other environmental impacts. It is also causing or contributing to heat-related disorders, respiratory and allergic disorders, infectious diseases, malnutrition due to food insecurity, and mental health disorders. In addition, increasing evidence indicates that climate change is causally associated with collective violence, generally in combination with other causal factors. Increased temperatures and extremes of precipitation with their associated consequences, including resultant scarcity of cropland and other key environmental resources, are major pathways by which climate change leads to collective violence...
January 11, 2017: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119172/a-test-of-the-interpersonal-psychological-theory-of-suicide-among-arrested-domestic-violence-offenders
#18
Caitlin Wolford-Clevenger, Meagan J Brem, JoAnna Elmquist, Autumn Rae Florimbio, Phillip N Smith, Gregory L Stuart
Little is known about risk factors for suicide ideation and attempts among domestic violence offenders. Guided by the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide, this cross-sectional study examined risk factors for suicide ideation and attempts among 312 men and 84 women arrested for domestic violence and mandated to attend batterer intervention programs. Men reported greater capability for suicide, but no gender differences were found in perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. After controlling for correlates of suicide ideation, perceived burdensomeness-but not thwarted belongingness or its interaction with perceived burdensomeness-associated with suicide ideation...
January 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109451/revictimization-after-adolescent-dating-violence-in-a-matched-national-sample-of-youth
#19
Deinera Exner-Cortens, John Eckenrode, John Bunge, Emily Rothman
PURPOSE: To assess if adolescent dating violence was associated with physical intimate partner violence victimization in adulthood, using a comprehensive propensity score to create a matched group of victims and nonvictims. METHODS: Secondary analysis of waves 1 (1994-1995), 2 (1996), 3 (2001-2002) and 4 (2007-2008) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, a nationally representative sample of US high schools and middle schools. Individuals aged 12-18 reporting adolescent dating violence between the wave 1 and 2 interviews (n = 732) were matched to nonvictimized participants of the same sex (n = 1,429) using propensity score matching...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109181/stability-of-alcohol-use-and-teen-dating-violence-for-female-youth-a-latent-transition-analysis
#20
Hye Jeong Choi, JoAnna Elmquist, Ryan C Shorey, Emily F Rothman, Gregory L Stuart, Jeff R Temple
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Alcohol use is one of the most widely accepted and studied risk factors for teen dating violence (TDV). Too little research has explored longitudinally if it is true that an adolescent's alcohol use and TDV involvement simultaneously occur. In the current study, we examined whether there were latent status based on past-year TDV and alcohol use and whether female adolescents changed their statuses of TDV and alcohol use over time. METHODS: The sample consisted of 583 female youths in seven public high schools in Texas...
January 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
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