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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335204/multifunctional-inorganic-nanoparticles-recent-progress-in-thermal-therapy-and-imaging
#1
REVIEW
Kondareddy Cherukula, Kamali Manickavasagam Lekshmi, Saji Uthaman, Kihyun Cho, Chong-Su Cho, In-Kyu Park
Nanotechnology has enabled the development of many alternative anti-cancer approaches, such as thermal therapies, which cause minimal damage to healthy cells. Current challenges in cancer treatment are the identification of the diseased area and its efficient treatment without generating many side effects. Image-guided therapies can be a useful tool to diagnose and treat the diseased tissue and they offer therapy and imaging using a single nanostructure. The present review mainly focuses on recent advances in the field of thermal therapy and imaging integrated with multifunctional inorganic nanoparticles...
April 18, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335031/ethics-of-health-policy-and-systems-research-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#2
Bridget Pratt, Amy Paul, Adnan A Hyder, Joseph Ali
Health policy and systems research (HPSR) is increasingly funded and undertaken as part of health system strengthening efforts worldwide. HPSR ethics is also a relatively new and emerging field, with numerous normative and descriptive questions that have largely not been considered. Normative questions include what ethical principles and values should guide HPSR. Descriptive questions include what ethical concerns arise when conducting HPSR. A small but growing body of scholarly work characterizes the various ethics issues inherent in HPSR...
March 15, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334951/community-participation-in-research-from-resource-constrained-countries-a-scoping-review
#3
Michelle Brear, Karin Hammarberg, Jane Fisher
Participatory health research (PHR) involves equitable community participation in all aspects of the research process. It is a potentially beneficial approach to research in resource-constrained countries. Measuring participation in specific activities and aspects is necessary for understanding the community and research-related benefits of PHR. The aims of this scoping review were to: develop a measure of lay-community participation in aspects and activities of PHR in resource-constrained countries; and use the measure to assess the nature and extent of reported participation...
March 18, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334905/health-in-all-policies-utilization-by-municipal-governments-scoping-review
#4
Cheryl E Van Vliet-Brown, Sana Shahram, Nelly D Oelke
The aim of this scoping review was to examine the utilization of a Health in All Policies (HiAP) approach in municipal government settings. Specific objectives included: to review peer reviewed and grey literature, to identify common themes from the literature, and to highlight gaps in the evidence base for HiAP. An iterative scoping review method was used. Documents were identified through searches of academic databases, reference lists and journal indices, and the World Wide Web. Included documents focused on HiAP in the local or municipal government context, published in English, between 2006 and 2015...
March 14, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334519/perspectives-of-health-and-self-care-among-older-persons-to-be-implemented-in-an-interactive-ict-platform
#5
Carina Göransson, Yvonne Wengström, Kristina Ziegert, Ann Langius-Eklöf, Irene Eriksson, Annica Kihlgren, Karin Blomberg
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To acquire knowledge regarding the contents to be implemented in an interactive ICT-platform perceived to be relevant to health and self-care among older persons based on the literature, healthcare professionals and the older persons themselves. BACKGROUND: The growing ageing population places demands on the healthcare system to promote healthy ageing and to strengthen the older person's self-care ability. This requires innovative approaches to facilitate communication between the older person and healthcare professionals, and to increase the older person's participation in their care...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331782/polyanion-type-electrode-materials-for-sodium-ion-batteries
#6
REVIEW
Qiao Ni, Ying Bai, Feng Wu, Chuan Wu
Sodium-ion batteries, representative members of the post-lithium-battery club, are very attractive and promising for large-scale energy storage applications. The increasing technological improvements in sodium-ion batteries (Na-ion batteries) are being driven by the demand for Na-based electrode materials that are resource-abundant, cost-effective, and long lasting. Polyanion-type compounds are among the most promising electrode materials for Na-ion batteries due to their stability, safety, and suitable operating voltages...
March 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331552/bioenergy-production-and-sustainable-development-science-base-for-policymaking-remains-limited
#7
REVIEW
Carmenza Robledo-Abad, Hans-Jörg Althaus, Göran Berndes, Simon Bolwig, Esteve Corbera, Felix Creutzig, John Garcia-Ulloa, Anna Geddes, Jay S Gregg, Helmut Haberl, Susanne Hanger, Richard J Harper, Carol Hunsberger, Rasmus K Larsen, Christian Lauk, Stefan Leitner, Johan Lilliestam, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Bart Muys, Maria Nordborg, Maria Ölund, Boris Orlowsky, Alexander Popp, Joana Portugal-Pereira, Jürgen Reinhard, Lena Scheiffle, Pete Smith
The possibility of using bioenergy as a climate change mitigation measure has sparked a discussion of whether and how bioenergy production contributes to sustainable development. We undertook a systematic review of the scientific literature to illuminate this relationship and found a limited scientific basis for policymaking. Our results indicate that knowledge on the sustainable development impacts of bioenergy production is concentrated in a few well-studied countries, focuses on environmental and economic impacts, and mostly relates to dedicated agricultural biomass plantations...
March 2017: Global Change Biology. Bioenergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330380/rehabilitation-after-total-joint-replacement-a-scoping-study
#8
Deborah L Snell, Julia Hipango, K Anne Sinnott, Jennifer A Dunn, Alastair Rothwell, C Jean Hsieh, Gerben DeJong, Gary Hooper
PURPOSE: The evidence supporting rehabilitation after joint replacement, while vast, is of variable quality making it difficult for clinicians to apply the best evidence to their practice. We aimed to map key issues for rehabilitation following joint replacement, highlighting potential avenues for new research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a scoping study including research published between January 2013 and December 2016, evaluating effectiveness of rehabilitation following hip and knee total joint replacement...
March 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329856/adult-day-center-programs-and-their-associated-outcomes-on-clients-caregivers-and-the-health-system-a-scoping-review
#9
Moriah E Ellen, Peter Demaio, Ariella Lange, Michael G Wilson
Purpose of the Study: Adult day centers (ADCs) offer a heterogeneous group of services that provide for the daily living, care, nutritional, and social needs of older adults. We sought to conceptually map and identify key gaps and findings from literature focused on ADCs, including the types of programs that exist and their associated outcomes on improving health and strengthening health systems. Design and Methods: We conducted a scoping review by searching 5 databases for studies evaluating the outcomes of ADCs specifically for community-dwelling older adults...
March 17, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329003/effects-of-research-complexity-and-competition-on-the-incidence-and-growth-of-coauthorship-in-biomedicine
#10
Jason Cory Brunson, Xiaoyan Wang, Reinhard C Laubenbacher
BACKGROUND: Investigations into the factors behind coauthorship growth in biomedical research have mostly focused on specific disciplines or journals, and have rarely controlled for factors in combination or considered changes in their effects over time. Observers often attribute the growth to the increasing complexity or competition (or both) of research practices, but few attempts have been made to parse the contributions of these two likely causes. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the effects of complexity and competition on the incidence and growth of coauthorship, using a sample of the biomedical literature spanning multiple journals and disciplines...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327964/imaging-approaches-to-stroke-and-neurovascular-disease
#11
Seena Dehkharghani, Jalal Andre
Imaging is paramount to the diagnosis and management of ischemic stroke, offering a battery of structural and functional probes of cerebrovascular physiology. The technical underpinnings of stroke imaging continue to evolve, bringing the neuroscience community increasingly closer to high-resolution, tissue-level biomarkers of brain perfusion, metabolism, and viability. The rapid expansion of neuroimaging in this domain has met with controversies, and in many respects, a lack of generalizable conclusions regarding optimized use in cerebrovascular disease...
January 28, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327199/measuring-research-impact-in-australia-s-medical-research-institutes-a-scoping-literature-review-of-the-objectives-for-and-an-assessment-of-the-capabilities-of-research-impact-assessment-frameworks
#12
REVIEW
Simon Deeming, Andrew Searles, Penny Reeves, Michael Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Realising the economic potential of research institutions, including medical research institutes, represents a policy imperative for many Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development nations. The assessment of research impact has consequently drawn increasing attention. Research impact assessment frameworks (RIAFs) provide a structure to assess research translation, but minimal research has examined whether alternative RIAFs realise the intended policy outcomes. This paper examines the objectives presented for RIAFs in light of economic imperatives to justify ongoing support for health and medical research investment, leverage productivity via commercialisation and outcome-efficiency gains in health systems, and ensure that translation and impact considerations are embedded into the research process...
March 21, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327185/economic-evaluation-of-interventions-delivered-by-primary-care-providers-to-improve-neurodevelopment-in-children-aged-under-5%C3%A2-years-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#13
Karen M Edmond, Natalie A Strobel, Kimberley McAuley, Elizabeth Geelhoed, Lisa Hurt
BACKGROUND: Frequently cited benefit-cost ratios suggest that interventions to improve neurodevelopment have high economic returns when implemented during pregnancy and early childhood. However, there are many challenges when primary care providers implement these interventions at scale, and it is unclear how many research studies or programmes have examined cost-effectiveness and which methods were used. There are no current scoping or systematic reviews which have assessed economic evaluations of interventions delivered by primary care providers to improve child neurodevelopment...
March 21, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326913/reflecting-on-the-learning-opportunities-of-presenting-at-a-conference
#14
Beverly Joshua
Background Research productivity is a major indicator of higher educational institutions' (HEI) academic performance. The increasing focus on research productivity is resulting in an expectation that academics publish their research initiatives, ideas and developments in their scope of work or area of interest. It can influence academic status and compel nursing academics to undertake higher degrees, including PhDs or other doctoral studies. Aim To articulate a nurse academic's reflection on presenting her doctoral thesis at an international conference and to encourage students to embrace the dissemination of research...
March 22, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326623/neurophysiological-assessment-of-acute-pain-in-infants-a-scoping-review-of-research-methods
#15
REVIEW
B Benoit, R Martin-Misener, A Newman, M Latimer, M Campbell-Yeo
A systematic scoping search to describe the neurophysiological methods used in infant acute pain assessment research was conducted. Of the 2411 abstracts screened, 19 articles were retained. Nine studies utilized near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), two utilized functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and eight utilized electroencephalography (EEG). There was methodological variability in studies utilizing NIRS, whereas EEG and fMRI studies reported consistent methods. Of the eight EEG studies, six identified a nociceptive specific event-related potential...
March 22, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326285/impact-of-telemonitoring-approaches-on-integrated-hiv-and-tb-diagnosis-and-treatment-interventions-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-scoping-review
#16
REVIEW
Clarence S Yah, Ernest Tambo, Christopher Khayeka-Wandabwa, Jeanne Y Ngogang
Background: This paper explores telemonitoring/mhealth approaches as a promising real time and contextual strategy in overhauling HIV and TB interventions quality access and uptake, retention,adherence and coverage impact in endemic and prone-epidemic prevention and control in sub-Sahara Africa. Methods: The scoping review method was applied in acknowledged journals indexing platforms including Medline, Embase, Global Health, PubMed, MeSH PsycInfo, Scopus and Google Scholar to identify relevant articles pertaining to telemonitoring as a proxy surrogate method in reinforcing sustainability of HIV/TB prevention/treatment interventions in sub-Saharan Africa...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326148/patient-safety-learning-systems-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-synthesis
#17
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: A patient safety learning system (sometimes called a critical incident reporting system) refers to structured reporting, collation, and analysis of critical incidents. To inform a provincial working group's recommendations for an Ontario Patient Safety Event Learning System, a systematic review was undertaken to determine design features that would optimize its adoption into the health care system and would inform implementation strategies. METHODS: The objective of this review was to address two research questions: (a) what are the barriers to and facilitators of successful adoption of a patient safety learning system reported by health professionals and (b) what design components maximize successful adoption and implementation? To answer the first question, we used a published systematic review...
2017: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325859/scoping-review-of-potential-quality-indicators-for-hip-fracture-patient-care
#18
Kristen B Pitzul, Sarah E P Munce, Laure Perrier, Lauren Beaupre, Suzanne N Morin, Rhona McGlasson, Susan B Jaglal
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to identify existing or potential quality of care indicators (ie, current indicators as well as process and outcome measures) in the acute or postacute period, or across the continuum of care for older adults with hip fracture. DESIGN: Scoping review. SETTING: All care settings. SEARCH STRATEGY: English peer-reviewed studies published from January 2000 to January 2016 were included...
March 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325236/improving-quality-and-access-to-radiation-therapy-an-iaea-perspective
#19
REVIEW
May Abdel-Wahab, Eduardo Zubizarreta, Alfredo Polo, Ahmed Meghzifene
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has been involved in radiation therapy since soon after its creation in 1957. In response to the demands of Member States, the IAEA׳s activities relating to radiation therapy have focused on supporting low- and middle-income countries to set up radiation therapy facilities, expand the scope of treatments, or gradually transition to new technologies. In addition, the IAEA has been very active in providing internationally harmonized guidelines on clinical, dosimetry, medical physics, and safety aspects of radiation therapy...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324133/foot-health-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-scoping-review
#20
REVIEW
Minna Stolt, Riitta Suhonen, Helena Leino-Kilpi
Rheumatoid arthritis affects joints and can cause significant impairments in daily life. The foot is often the first site of symptoms and foot problems are strongly related to RA. The aim of this review was, therefore, to describe foot health in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and to identify how patients perform foot self-care. With this knowledge interventions to support foot health and functional ability in RA patients can be developed. The design of the review was a scoping review. A systematic literature search of three electronic databases, MEDLINE, CINAHL and Embase, was conducted in June 2016...
March 21, 2017: Rheumatology International
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