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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652100/how-should-hiv-resources-be-allocated-lessons-learnt-from-applying-optima-hiv-in-23-countries
#1
REVIEW
Robyn M Stuart, Laura Grobicki, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Jasmina Panovska-Griffiths, Jolene Skordis, Olivia Keiser, Janne Estill, Zofia Baranczuk, Sherrie L Kelly, Iyanoosh Reporter, David J Kedziora, Andrew J Shattock, Janka Petravic, S Azfar Hussain, Kelsey L Grantham, Richard T Gray, Xiao F Yap, Rowan Martin-Hughes, Clemens J Benedikt, Nicole Fraser-Hurt, Emiko Masaki, David J Wilson, Marelize Gorgens, Elizabeth Mziray, Nejma Cheikh, Zara Shubber, Cliff C Kerr, David P Wilson
INTRODUCTION: With limited funds available, meeting global health targets requires countries to both mobilize and prioritize their health spending. Within this context, countries have recognized the importance of allocating funds for HIV as efficiently as possible to maximize impact. Over the past six years, the governments of 23 countries in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and Latin America have used the Optima HIV tool to estimate the optimal allocation of HIV resources. METHODS: Each study commenced with a request by the national government for technical assistance in conducting an HIV allocative efficiency study using Optima HIV...
April 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651907/evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline-for-adult-still-s-disease
#2
Toshihide Mimura, Yuya Kondo, Akihide Ohta, Masahiro Iwamoto, Akiko Ota, Nami Okamoto, Yasushi Kawaguchi, Hajime Kono, Yoshinari Takasaki, Shuji Takei, Norihiro Nishimoto, Manabu Fujimoto, Yu Funakubo Asanuma, Akio Mimori, Naoko Okiyama, Shunta Kaneko, Hiroyuki Takahashi, Masahiro Yokosawa, Takayuki Sumida
OBJECTIVES: Using an expert- and data-driven methodology, we have constructed the first clinical practice guidelines (CPG) for adult Still's disease (ASD) after complete systematic review (SR) of the literature based upon the Medical Information Network Distribution Service (Minds) procedure. METHODS: The CPG committee for ASD organized by the Research Team for Autoimmune Diseases, the Research Program for Intractable Disease of the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare has developed CPG for ASD 2017, according to the procedure proposed by Minds...
April 13, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650619/nursing-role-in-well-child-care-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
Jolanda Turley, Jaclyn Vanek, Sharon Johnston, Doug Archibald
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare well-child care (WCC) in Australia, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom (UK), focusing on the role of nurses and their interactions with other primary care providers in order to derive relevant lessons for Canada's interprofessional primary care teams. DATA SOURCES: Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL were searched broadly using the search terms well child care, nursing role, and delivery of care and other synonymous terms. In addition, Google Scholar was used to search for gray literature, and reference mining revealed a few other relevant articles...
April 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650525/flushing-disorders-associated-with-gastrointestinal-symptoms-part-1-neuroendocrine-tumors-mast-cell-disorders-and-hyperbasophila
#4
REVIEW
Vaibhav Rastogi, Devina Singh, Joseph J Mazza, Dennis Yang, Dipendra Parajuli, Steven H Yale
Flushing is the subjective sensation of warmth accompanied by visible cutaneous erythema occurring throughout the body with a predilection for the face, neck, pinnae, and upper trunk where the skin is thinnest and cutaneous vessels are superficially located and in greatest numbers. Flushing can be present in either a wet or dry form depending upon whether neural-mediated mechanisms are involved. Activation of the sympathetic nervous system results in wet flushing, accompanied by diaphoresis, due to concomitant stimulation of eccrine sweat glands...
April 12, 2018: Clinical Medicine & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650415/pulmonary-vein-stenosis-in-infants-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#5
Carl H Backes, Erin Nealon, Aimee K Armstrong, Clifford L Cua, Courtney Mitchell, Usha Krishnan, Rachel D Vanderlaan, Mi Kyoung Song, Nicola Viola, Charles V Smith, Patrick I McConnell, Brian K Rivera, Jeffrey Bridge
OBJECTIVE: To quantify outcomes of infants (<1 year of age) diagnosed with pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS). STUDY DESIGN: MEDLINE (PubMed), Scopus, and Web of Science were searched through February 1, 2017, with no language restrictions. Publications including infants diagnosed with primary PVS, defined as the absence of preceding intervention(s), were considered. The study was performed according to Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology guidelines, the Systematic Reviews, and Meta-Analysis checklist, and registered prospectively...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649966/a-systematic-review-of-intimate-partner-violence-interventions-state-of-the-field-and-implications-for-practitioners
#6
Nicole Trabold, James McMahon, Shannon Alsobrooks, Staci Whitney, Mona Mittal
Intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization is a global public health issue and has serious consequences of women's health. While scholars and researchers have made some progress in addressing IPV and its impact across different levels of care, there is a paucity of intervention research in this area. For example, we know little about which intervention models work best for particular groups of IPV survivors. Previous reviews have concluded there is insufficient evidence to recommend specific treatment options for victims, but they have also been limited in scope of target populations or have employed narrow eligibility criteria...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649767/heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia-a-critical-appraisal-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-with-the-agree-ii-instrument
#7
Ying Wang, Zhi-Kang Ye, Ji-Feng Li, Xiang-Li Cui, Li-Hong Liu
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs), the risk of death or thromboembolic complication associated with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) remains high. Our aim was to systematically review the quality of CPGs for HIT and summarize the recommendations. METHODS: CPGs for HIT were systematically searched on PubMed, Embase, guidelines' websites, and Google up to August 6, 2017. Independently, three appraisers assessed the quality of CPGs using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research & Evaluation II (AGREE II) instrument and extracted the data...
March 27, 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649080/investigating-changes-in-weight-and-body-composition-among-women-in-adjuvant-treatment-for-breast-cancer-a-scoping-review
#8
Birgith Pedersen, Charlotte Delmar, Tamás Lörincz, Ursula Falkmer, Mette Grønkjær
BACKGROUND: Despite several investigations, findings on weight changes during and after adjuvant treatment for breast cancer are diverse and point in several directions. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to investigate changes in weight and body composition associated with contemporary anticancer medication and to examine factors that might influence the assessment and diversity of the findings. METHODS: This article used the method of a scoping review to map the body of literature...
April 12, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643836/tau-phosphorylation-in-female-neurodegeneration-role-of-estrogens-progesterone-and-prolactin
#9
REVIEW
Daniel Muñoz-Mayorga, Christian Guerra-Araiza, Luz Torner, Teresa Morales
Sex differences are important to consider when studying different psychiatric, neurodevelopmental, and neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). These disorders can be affected by dimorphic changes in the central nervous system and be influenced by sex-specific hormones and neuroactive steroids. In fact, AD is more prevalent in women than in men. One of the main characteristics of AD is the formation of neurofibrillary tangles, composed of the phosphoprotein Tau, and neuronal loss in specific brain regions...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642500/antibacterial-free-fatty-acids-and-monoglycerides-biological-activities-experimental-testing-and-therapeutic-applications
#10
REVIEW
Bo Kyeong Yoon, Joshua A Jackman, Elba R Valle-González, Nam-Joon Cho
Antimicrobial lipids such as fatty acids and monoglycerides are promising antibacterial agents that destabilize bacterial cell membranes, causing a wide range of direct and indirect inhibitory effects. The goal of this review is to introduce the latest experimental approaches for characterizing how antimicrobial lipids destabilize phospholipid membranes within the broader scope of introducing current knowledge about the biological activities of antimicrobial lipids, testing strategies, and applications for treating bacterial infections...
April 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629910/conceptualization-and-operationalization-of-certification-in-the-us-and-canadian-nursing-literature
#11
Kathy Chappell, Rima ElChamaa, Dahn Jeong, Deborah Kendall-Gallagher, Elizabeth Salt, Scott Reeves, Donald Moore, Curtis Olson, Thomas Van Hoof, Vicki Lundmark, Natalia Danilovich, Simon Kitto
OBJECTIVE: To identify how certification is defined, conceptualized, and discussed in the nursing literature. BACKGROUND: Although it is hypothesized that credentialing is associated with better patient outcomes, the evidence is relatively limited. Some authors have suggested that the lack of consistency used to define certification in nursing literature may be one of the dominant obstacles in credentialing research. METHODS: This scoping review was guided by Arksey and O'Malley's framework, and quantitative and qualitative analyses were conducted...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629699/interprofessional-education-an-approach-to-improve-healthcare-outcomes
#12
Rajiv Mahajan, Ciraj Ali Mohammed, Monika Sharma, Piyush Gupta, Tejinder Singh
Interprofessional education (IPE) approach allows learners from different health professions viz. - medical, dental, nursing, physiotherapy, psychotherapy, psychology etc., learn from, learn with, and learn about, each other. The scope of learning depends upon the requirements and curriculum. Interprofessional education can help in creating a workforce that learns to perform collaborative practice thereby ensuring better health-care outcomes. Medical educators' and practitioners' understanding about teaching, learning, and assessment of IPE is rudimentary...
March 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626821/biomarkers-of-exposure-in-environment-wide-association-studies-opportunities-to-decode-the-exposome-using-human-biomonitoring-data
#13
REVIEW
Nadine Steckling, Alberto Gotti, Stephan Bose-O'Reilly, Dimitris Chapizanis, Danae Costopoulou, Frank De Vocht, Mercè Garí, Joan O Grimalt, Ester Heath, Rosemary Hiscock, Marta Jagodic, Spyros P Karakitsios, Kleopatra Kedikoglou, Tina Kosjek, Leondios Leondiadis, Thomas Maggos, Darja Mazej, Kinga Polańska, Andrew Povey, Joaquim Rovira, Julia Schoierer, Marta Schuhmacher, Zdravko Špirić, Anja Stajnko, Rob Stierum, Janja Snoj Tratnik, Irene Vassiliadou, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Milena Horvat, Dimosthenis A Sarigiannis
BACKGROUND: The European Union's 7th Framework Programme (EU's FP7) project HEALS - Health and Environment-wide Associations based on Large Population Surveys - aims a refinement of the methodology to elucidate the human exposome. Human biomonitoring (HBM) provides a valuable tool for understanding the magnitude of human exposure from all pathways and sources. However, availability of specific biomarkers of exposure (BoE) is limited. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to summarize the availability of BoEs for a broad range of environmental stressors and exposure determinants and corresponding reference and exposure limit values and biomonitoring equivalents useful for unraveling the exposome using the framework of environment-wide association studies (EWAS)...
April 4, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626702/risk-factors-associated-with-dehydration-in-older-people-living-in-nursing-homes-scoping-review
#14
REVIEW
Olga Masot, Ana Lavedán, Carmen Nuin, Miguel A Escobar-Bravo, Jèssica Miranda, Teresa Botigué
BACKGROUND: Dehydration in the older people is a prevalent problem that is often associated with physiological changes, physical limitations and environmental conditions. OBJECTIVES: The scoping review was carried out to identify risk factors associated with dehydration in older people living in nursing homes. DESIGN: The revised scoping methodology framework of Arksey and O'Malley (2005) was applied. Study selection was carried out in accordance with Davis et al...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626322/a-scoping-review-protocol-to-explore-the-use-of-interleukin-1-targeting-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-dermatological-diseases-indications-mechanism-of-action-efficacy-and-safety
#15
REVIEW
Francisco Gómez-García, Juan Ruano, Jesús Gay-Mimbrera, Macarena Aguilar-Luque, Juan L Sanz-Cabanillas, José L Hernández Romero, Antonio Velez Garcia-Nieto
INTRODUCTION: The interleukin (IL)-1 pathway has been identified as being involved in inflammatory and neoplastic skin diseases such as psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, neutrophilic dermatosis, melanoma, and squamous cell carcinoma. Drugs developed to target the IL-1 pathway are currently used to treat these pathologies, and although they are becoming more selective, they are not exempt from adverse events and high costs. Integrating the best research evidence with clinical experience and patient needs has been shown to improve care, health, and cost outcomes...
April 6, 2018: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626077/new-york-city-s-window-guard-policy-four-decades-of-success
#16
Amita Toprani, Martha Robinson, James K Middleton Iii, Ali Hamade, Thomas Merrill
BACKGROUND: Preventing child falls from windows is easily accomplished by installing inexpensive window-limiting devices but window falls remain a common cause of child injuries. This article describes the history and evolution of the New York City (NYC) window guard rule,which requires building owners to install window guards in apartments housing children aged ≤10 years. The NYC window guard rule was the first directive of its kind in the USA when it was adopted in 1976, and it has led to a dramatic and long-lasting reduction in child window fall-related injuries and deaths...
April 6, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624594/a-systematic-scoping-review-on-the-consequences-of-stress-related-hyperglycaemia
#17
Elena Olariu, Nicholas Pooley, Aurélie Danel, Montserrat Miret, Jean-Charles Preiser
BACKGROUND: Stress-related hyperglycaemia (SHG) is commonly seen in acutely ill patients and has been associated with poor outcomes in many studies performed in different acute care settings. We aimed to review the available evidence describing the associations between SHG and different outcomes in acutely ill patients admitted to an ICU. Study designs, populations, and outcome measures used in observational studies were analysed. METHODS: We conducted a systematic scoping review of observational studies following the Joanna Briggs methodology...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623772/screening-management-and-treatment-of-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-in-low-resource-settings
#18
Laura M Schwab-Reese, Lynette M Renner
The prevention of intimate partner violence continues to be a high priority for health practitioners and researchers around the world. Screening practices and intervention efforts utilized within high- and/or middle-income areas may not translate effectively to low-resource areas due to differences in financial, social, and physical context. However, little is known about the evidence-base of intervention efforts in such areas. Using the Arksey and O'Malley framework for scoping reviews, the purpose of this review was to synthesize what is known about intimate partner violence screening, management, and treatment in low-resource areas...
January 2018: Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622298/strategies-for-dealing-with-missing-accelerometer-data
#19
REVIEW
Samantha Stephens, Joseph Beyene, Mark S Tremblay, Guy Faulkner, Eleanor Pullnayegum, Brian M Feldman
Missing data is a universal research problem that can affect studies examining the relationship between physical activity measured with accelerometers and health outcomes. Statistical techniques are available to deal with missing data; however, available techniques have not been synthesized. A scoping review was conducted to summarize the advantages and disadvantages of identified methods of dealing with missing data from accelerometers. Missing data poses a threat to the validity and interpretation of trials using physical activity data from accelerometry...
May 2018: Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622264/editorial-commentary-a-hip-scope-scoping-review-on-surgical-outcome-reporting-if-you-want-to-know-the-answer-you-have-to-ask-the-question
#20
EDITORIAL
Joshua D Harris
The existing literature on subjects with femoroacetabular impingement syndrome undergoing arthroscopic or open hip preservation surgery reveals that outcome reporting is heterogeneous. There is significant inconsistency in patient-reported outcome scores collected, symptoms and complaints assessed, clinical signs evaluated, and pre- and postoperative imaging metrics measured.
April 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
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