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Scoping review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549142/how-do-performance-based-financing-programmes-measure-quality-of-care-a-descriptive-analysis-of-68-quality-checklists-from-28-low-and-middle-income-countries
#1
Erik Josephson, Jessica Gergen, Martha Coe, Samantha Ski, Supriya Madhavan, Sebastian Bauhoff
This paper seeks to systematically describe the length and content of quality checklists used in performance-based financing programmes, their similarities and differences, and how checklists have evolved over time. We compiled a list of supply-side, health facility-based performance-based financing (PBF) programmes in low- and lower middle-income countries based on a document review. We then solicited PBF manuals and quality checklists from implementers and donors of these PBF mechanisms. We entered each indicator from each quality checklist into a database verbatim in English, and translated into English from French where appropriate, and categorized each indicator according to the Donabedian framework and an author-derived categorization...
May 26, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549053/does-incremental-positioning-weight-shifts-reduce-pressure-injuries-in-critical-care-patients
#2
Lee Ann Krapfl, Julia Langin, Caitlin A Pike, Patricia Pezzella
BACKGROUND: Incremental positioning or weight shifts are often suggested as an alternative to standard repositioning/turning in critical care patients deemed clinically unstable. OBJECTIVE: This evidence-based report card reviews whether incremental positioning and/or weight shifts reduce hospital-acquired sacral/buttocks pressure injuries in critical care patients deemed too unstable to turn. METHODS AND SEARCH STRATEGY: A scoping review of the literature was conducted for studies related to repositioning and hospital-acquired pressure injuries in high-risk, critical care patients...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548580/a-review-of-the-impact-of-exclusion-criteria-on-the-generalizability-of-schizophrenia-treatment-research
#3
Keith Humphreys
Treatment research studies employ criteria that determine which patients are eligible to participate and which are not. When such exclusion criteria produce a treatment research sample that is a small and unrepresentative subset of all patients with a particular disease, clinicians may be hesitant to apply the research results in front-line clinical practice. Accordingly, the present paper reviews the English-language literature on exclusion criteria in schizophrenia treatment research and draws initial conclusions about their impact...
2017: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548543/systematic-review-of-clinical-guidance-documents-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-diagnostic-assessment-in-select-regions
#4
Melanie Penner, Evdokia Anagnostou, Lana Y Andoni, Wendy J Ungar
Clinical guidance documents play an important role in ensuring access to high-quality autism spectrum disorder diagnostic assessment practices. The objective was to perform a systematic review of professional association and government clinical guidance documents for autism spectrum disorder diagnostic assessment, analyzing their quality and content. The government search was limited to English-speaking, single-payer, publicly funded health systems. A quality appraisal was conducted by two appraisers using the Appraisal of Guidelines Research and Evaluation, second edition tool...
May 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547097/patient-completed-or-symptom-based-screening-tools-for-endometriosis-a-scoping-review
#5
REVIEW
Eric Surrey, Cathryn M Carter, Ahmed M Soliman, Shahnaz Khan, Dana B DiBenedetti, Michael C Snabes
PURPOSE: The objective of this review was to evaluate existing patient-completed screening questionnaires and/or symptom-based predictive models with respect to their potential for use as screening tools for endometriosis in adult women. Validated instruments were of particular interest. METHODS: We conducted structured searches of PubMed and targeted searches of the gray literature to identify studies reporting on screening instruments used in endometriosis. Studies were screened according to inclusion and exclusion criteria that followed the PICOS (population, intervention, comparison, outcomes, study design) framework...
May 25, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545782/autoimmune-encephalopathy-for-psychiatrists-when-to-suspect-autoimmunity-and-what-to-do-next
#6
REVIEW
Mark Oldham
OBJECTIVE: To provide a critical review of autoimmune encephalopathy-broadly defined as neuropsychiatric features directly related to an autoimmune process-relevant for psychiatric practice. METHODS: We consulted rheumatology textbooks to define the scope of autoimmune conditions and identified recent reviews of rheumatic conditions, autoimmune vasculitis, and autoimmune encephalitis. We integrated these with primary reports to provide a clinically relevant overview of autoimmune encephalopathy...
May 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544500/non-communicable-diseases-and-hiv-care-and-treatment-models-of-integrated-service-delivery
#7
REVIEW
Malia Duffy, Bisola Ojikutu, Soa Andrian, Elaine Sohng, Thomas Minior, Lisa R Hirschhorn
OBJECTIVES: Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are a growing cause of morbidity in low-income countries including in people living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Integration of NCD and HIV services can build upon experience with chronic care models from HIV programs. We describe models of NCD and HIV integration, challenges, and lessons learned. METHODS: Literature review of articles on integrated NCD and HIV programs in low-income countries and key informant interviews with leaders of identified integrated NCD and HIV programs...
May 24, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544416/global-analysis-of-strategies-to-tackle-antimicrobial-resistance
#8
Funke Adeniji
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global public health issue driven by inappropriate use of antimicrobials resulting in decreased efficacy on the background of an extremely limited pipeline for new antibiotics. We sought to analyse the effectiveness of key policies and strategies in tackling AMR globally and identify gaps in these. METHOD: The scope, magnitude, history and drivers of AMR were reviewed using supporting evidence. Our methodology included a literature review and semi-structured survey, whilst the analyses process was guided by an adapted health policy analyses framework...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544319/selected-copper-based-reactions-for-c-n-c-o-c-s-and-c-c-bond-formation
#9
Dawei Ma, Subhajit Bhunia, Govind Goroba Pawar, S Vijay Kumar, Yongwen Jiang
The metal catalyzed cross-coupling reactions are one of the most important transformations in organic synthesis. Copper catalysis has received great attention due to its low toxicity and inexpensive nature. However, traditional Ullmann-type coupling reactions suffered from limited substrate scope and harsh reaction conditions. The introduction of some bidentate ligands such as amino acids, diamines, 1,3-diketones and oxalic diamides during the past two decades has totally changed its scenario, allowing the coupling reactions of aryl halides and nucleophiles to take place at both low reaction temperatures and catalytic loadings...
May 22, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543936/counselling-parents-on-young-children-s-healthy-diet-a-modified-scoping-review
#10
REVIEW
Bettina Holmberg Fagerlund, Sølvi Helseth, Jenny Owe, Kari Glavin
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To map and describe key information in existing research about counselling of parents of children aged 0-2 years on the child's healthy diet in preventive health care settings, particularly in public health nursing. BACKGROUND: Many parents are likely to be concerned with their infant's food-related happiness "here and now", disregarding the child's long-term health and development related to feeding practices. Hence, a focus on counselling parents in considering young children's healthy diet is important...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542841/blood-donors-perceptions-motivators-and-deterrents-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-scoping-review-of-evidence
#11
REVIEW
Lucy Asamoah-Akuoko, Oliver W Hassall, Imelda Bates, Henrik Ullum
Achieving an adequate blood supply in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) through donor mobilization and retention is crucial. Factors that motivate or deter blood donors vary according to beliefs and social norms. Understanding the factors that influence blood donation behaviour in SSA is vital to developing effective strategies to address blood donor motivation and retention. This review of 35 studies from 16 SSA countries collates available evidence concerning the perceptions, motivators and deterrents that influence blood donors in SSA...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542716/improving-needle-tip-identification-during-ultrasound-guided-procedures-in-anaesthetic-practice
#12
REVIEW
H J Scholten, A Pourtaherian, N Mihajlovic, H H M Korsten, R A Bouwman
Ultrasound guidance is becoming standard practice for needle-based interventions in anaesthetic practice, such as vascular access and peripheral nerve blocks. However, difficulties in aligning the needle and the transducer can lead to incorrect identification of the needle tip, possibly damaging structures not visible on the ultrasound screen. Additional techniques specifically developed to aid alignment of needle and probe or identification of the needle tip are now available. In this scoping review, advantages and limitations of the following categories of those solutions are presented: needle guides; alterations to needle or needle tip; three- and four-dimensional ultrasound; magnetism, electromagnetic or GPS systems; optical tracking; augmented (virtual) reality; robotic assistance; and automated (computerised) needle detection...
May 22, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542450/research-data-management-in-academic-institutions-a-scoping-review
#13
Laure Perrier, Erik Blondal, A Patricia Ayala, Dylanne Dearborn, Tim Kenny, David Lightfoot, Roger Reka, Mindy Thuna, Leanne Trimble, Heather MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the volume, topics, and methodological nature of the existing research literature on research data management in academic institutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a scoping review by searching forty literature databases encompassing a broad range of disciplines from inception to April 2016. We included all study types and data extracted on study design, discipline, data collection tools, and phase of the research data lifecycle...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541564/young-people-s-experiences-of-epilepsy-a-scoping-review-of-qualitative-studies
#14
Judith Chew, John Carpenter, Anne M Haase
Research on childhood epilepsy has predominantly used quantitative methodologies to examine the impact of epilepsy on young people and their families. These studies generally give a negative picture of the condition, which is at odds with a strengths-based social work perspective, and provide little understanding of young people's experiences of living with epilepsy. A systematic review of qualitative studies that explored young people's perspectives was conducted. Inclusion criteria were as follows: young people ages 13 to 18 years diagnosed with epilepsy, qualitative data collection methods, studies published in English-language peer-reviewed journals, and gray literature...
May 25, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541552/evidence-appraisal-a-scoping-review-conceptual-framework-and-research-agenda
#15
Andrew Goldstein, Eric Venker, Chunhua Weng
Objective: Critical appraisal of clinical evidence promises to help prevent, detect, and address flaws related to study importance, ethics, validity, applicability, and reporting. These research issues are of growing concern. The purpose of this scoping review is to survey the current literature on evidence appraisal to develop a conceptual framework and an informatics research agenda. Methods: We conducted an iterative literature search of Medline for discussion or research on the critical appraisal of clinical evidence...
May 24, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539104/development-of-collaborative-drug-therapy-management-and-clinical-pharmacy-services-in-an-outpatient-psychiatric-clinic
#16
Ashley Tewksbury, Kevin M Bozymski, Laura Ruekert, Cheen Lum, Elizabeth Cunningham, Frank Covington
Collaborative drug therapy management (CDTM) is a written agreement that allows a pharmacist to initiate, modify, or continue pharmacotherapies under a physician's scope of practice. While available literature pertaining to cardiometabolic and respiratory CDTM services is growing, publications are sparse in psychiatry, particularly outside Veterans Health Administration medical centers. A descriptive study was undertaken to demonstrate how a board-certified psychiatric pharmacist would begin organizing a protocol for clinical pharmacy services at an outpatient, community treatment center for mental health and substance abuse disorders...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536691/periostin-and-discoidin-domain-receptor-1-new-biomarkers-or-targets-for-therapy-of-renal-disease
#17
REVIEW
Niki Prakoura, Christos Chatziantoniou
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) can be a life-threatening condition, which eventually requires renal replacement therapy through dialysis or transplantation. A lot of effort and resources have been invested the last years in the identification of novel markers of progression and targets for therapy, in order to achieve a more efficient prognosis, diagnosis, and treatment of renal diseases. Using experimental models of renal disease, we identified and studied two promising candidates: periostin, a matricellular protein with high expression in bone and dental tissues, and discoidin domain receptor 1 (DDR1), a transmembrane collagen receptor of the tyrosine kinase family...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536089/smart-devices-for-older-adults-managing-chronic-disease-a-scoping-review
#18
REVIEW
Ben Yb Kim, Joon Lee
BACKGROUND: The emergence of smartphones and tablets featuring vastly advancing functionalities (eg, sensors, computing power, interactivity) has transformed the way mHealth interventions support chronic disease management for older adults. Baby boomers have begun to widely adopt smart devices and have expressed their desire to incorporate technologies into their chronic care. Although smart devices are actively used in research, little is known about the extent, characteristics, and range of smart device-based interventions...
May 23, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535967/how-the-brain-reacts-to-social-stress-exclusion-a-scoping-review
#19
REVIEW
Huiying Wang, Christoph Braun, Paul Enck
OBJECTIVES: The Cyberball paradigm is often used to study social stress by exclusion/rejection. We aimed to review the existing neuroimaging literatures in order to provide an overview of the neurophysiological mechanisms of social exclusion. METHOD: Literature search was conducted to identify neurophysiological studies that investigated effects of social exclusion on neural activity using the Cyberball game and the relevant influential factors on these effects...
May 20, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534832/the-boom-in-3d-printed-sensor-technology
#20
REVIEW
Yuanyuan Xu, Xiaoyue Wu, Xiao Guo, Bin Kong, Min Zhang, Xiang Qian, Shengli Mi, Wei Sun
Future sensing applications will include high-performance features, such as toxin detection, real-time monitoring of physiological events, advanced diagnostics, and connected feedback. However, such multi-functional sensors require advancements in sensitivity, specificity, and throughput with the simultaneous delivery of multiple detection in a short time. Recent advances in 3D printing and electronics have brought us closer to sensors with multiplex advantages, and additive manufacturing approaches offer a new scope for sensor fabrication...
May 19, 2017: Sensors
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