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Periodontal surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517975/relationship-between-periodontal-screening-and-recording-index-scores-and-need-for-periodontal-access-surgery
#1
Thomas E Rams, Walter J Loesche
BACKGROUND: The validity of using pretreatment Periodontal Screening and Recording (PSR) index sextant scores to estimate periodontal access surgery needs was evaluated in chronic periodontitis patients both before and after the completion of non-surgical periodontal therapy. METHODS: In 110 adults, pretreatment probing data identified 486 sextants with PSR scores of 4, and 125 sextants with PSR scores of 3. Periodontal access surgery needs in each sextant were determined prior to treatment by two experienced periodontist examiners, and also after completion of non-surgical periodontal therapy for 213 sextants in 38 patients...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512281/intricate-assessment-and-evaluation-of-long-term-implant-success-as-affected-by-clinicomicrobial-and-salivary-diagnostics-in-type-ii-diabetic-patients-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Deepti Raghav, Fawaz Alqahtani, Fatima J Albaker, Tushar V Bhagat, Zaheer Kola
INTRODUCTION: Replacement of missing teeth by dental implants is one of the most common methods employed these days. Because of significant advancement in the design of implants and modifications in the procedure of dental implant surgery, the survival rate of the dental implants has reached up to approximately 95%. Osseointegration is one of the important factors affecting the survival of dental implants. Apart from these, the body's physiologic alterations can also predispose the dental implants for failure...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511520/effect-of-trauma-to-primary-tooth-on-permanent-maxillary-incisors-a-clinical-case-report
#3
Bhawana Gupta, Sachin Gupta, Jitesh Wadhwa, Alpa Gupta
Trauma to primary tooth leads to abnormal variations in crown and root canals of permanent teeth that presents a challenge in diagnosis and clinical management to the practitioner. This article presents a detailed case report of the endodontic treatment of a three canalled maxillary central incisor and maxillary lateral incisor having single canal with open apex linked with periodontal defect. Root canals were prepared with hand files and canals were irrigated with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite solution. Calcium hydroxide was placed as an intracanal medicament...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511093/hypoxia-based-strategies-for-regenerative-dentistry-views-from-the-different-dental-fields
#4
REVIEW
Anna Sonja Müller, Klara Janjić, Bledar Lilaj, Michael Edelmayer, Hermann Agis
The understanding of the cell biological processes underlying development and regeneration of oral tissues leads to novel regenerative approaches. Over the past years, knowledge on key roles of the hypoxia-based response has become more profound. Based on these findings, novel regenerative approaches for dentistry are emerging, which target cellular oxygen sensors. These approaches include hypoxia pre-conditioning and pharmacologically simulated hypoxia. The increase in studies on hypoxia and hypoxia-based strategies in regenerative dentistry highlights the growing attention to hypoxia's role in regeneration and its underlying biology, as well as its application in a therapeutic setting...
April 26, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505594/the-rheological-behavior-of-a-fast-setting-calcium-phosphate-bone-cement-and-its-dependence-on-deformation-conditions
#5
Erdem Şahin, Dilhan M Kalyon
Calcium phosphate cements are osteoconductive biomaterials that are widely used for bone repair and regeneration applications, including spinal fusion, vertebroplasty, khyphoplasty, cranioplasty and periodontal surgeries. The flow and deformation behavior (rheology) and injectability of the calcium phosphate bone cements to the treatment site are governed by the setting kinetics of the cement during which the initially flowable, viscous cement paste transforms into a rigid elastic solid. Here time-dependent development of the linear viscoelastic properties of a brushite-forming calcium phosphate cement are characterized and linked to the mechanism and kinetics of the setting reaction and to the injectability window available during the surgical applications of the cement...
May 10, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490347/gh-secreting-pituitary-macroadenoma-acromegaly-associated-with-progressive-dental-malocclusion-and-refractory-cpap-treatment
#6
Jaume Miranda-Rius, Lluís Brunet-LLobet, Eduard Lahor-Soler, David de Dios-Miranda, Josep Anton Giménez-Rubio
BACKGROUND: A link between progressive dental malocclusion, the use of a continuous positive airway pressure mask and GH-secreting pituitary macroadenoma (acromegaly) has not been previously reported. The present clinicopathological analysis stresses that tooth malposition should not be seen exclusively as a local process. CASE PRESENTATION: A 62-year-old caucasian man with no relevant medical history reported difficulty chewing food and perceived voice alteration during his annual periodontal check-up...
May 10, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481696/contribution-of-the-pdl-to-osteotomy-repair-and-implant-osseointegration
#7
X Pei, L Wang, C Chen, X Yuan, Q Wan, J A Helms
Our objective was to clarify the fate of the periodontal ligament (PDL) retained in the socket after tooth extraction, then determine if this tissue contributed to the osseointegration of "immediate" implants placed in these fresh extraction sockets. Mice underwent maxillary first molar extraction, the residual PDL was removed by an osteotomy, and titanium implants were placed. The osteotomy was created in such a way that the palatal surface was devoid of PDL remnants while the buccal, mesial, and distal surfaces retained PDL fibers...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480950/akute-pankreatitis-nach-nicht-chirurgischer-parodontaltherapie-in-kombination-mit-systemischer-antibiotikatherapie
#8
Tobias T Hägi, Guido Stirnimann, Angelika Stutz, Niklaus P Lang
Non-surgical periodontal therapy is often performed as a combinational approach using supplemental systemic amoxicillin and metronidazole. Better clinical outcomes, less need for periodontal surgery and limited systemic complications are arguments to justify such an approach. However, combination therapy with systemic antibiotic treatment is still a matter of debate due to emerging antibiotic resistance patterns. In this case report, a 61-year-old women suffering from an acute pancreatitis following systemic antibiotic combinational treatment as part of a non-surgical periodontal therapy is described...
2017: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474059/-the-mechanism-of-corticotomy-accelerating-orthodontic-tooth-movement-in-sd-rats
#9
Shao-Yue Zhu, Chang-Yong Yuan, Zong-Xiang Liu, Xiao-Ming Li, Peng-Lai Wang
PURPOSE: To study the influences of corticotomy on orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) and the underlying mechanism in rats. METHODS: Forty-eight female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to corticotomy group (Cort, 24 rats) or sham-corticotomy group (Sham, 24 rats). All rats were subjected OTM after corticotomy or sham surgery. 6 rats of each group were sacrificed at 0, 1, 3 and 7 day of OTM. OTM were measured with an electronic digital caliper. Osteoclasts were counted in pressure side with TRAP...
February 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469925/periodontal-profile-and-radiographic-characterization-of-the-jaws-in-a-patient-with-autosomal-dominant-osteopetrosis
#10
Davi da Silva Barbirato, Mariana Fampa Fogacci, Mariana Arruda, Monique Oliveira Rodrigues, Leonardo Vieira Neto
Osteopetrosis (OP) comprehends a rare group of conditions, presenting on radiographs increased bone density, deriving from irregularities in osteoclast differentiation or function. In the autosomal dominant osteopetrosis (ADO), some patients stay asymptomatic for some time, or only develop mild symptoms. The dental surgeon is often the first to presuppose the disease during routine imaging examinations, referring the patient to a specialized medical group. Furthermore, osteomyelitis is one of the major OP complications, and should be refrained through frequent dental monitoring...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462406/effectiveness-of-radio-waves-application-in-modern-general-dental-procedures-an-update
#11
Arslan Qureshi, Sergio Varela Kellesarian, Michael A Pikos, Fawad Javed, Georgios E Romanos
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to review indexed literature and provide an update on the effectiveness of high-frequency radio waves (HRW) application in modern general dentistry procedures. DATA SOURCES: Indexed databases were searched to identify articles that assessed the efficacy of radio waves in dental procedures. RESULTS: Radiosurgery is a refined form of electrosurgery that uses waves of electrons at a radiofrequency ranging between 2 and 4 MHz...
April 28, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462008/association-between-periodontal-flap-surgery-for-periodontitis-and-vasculogenic-erectile-dysfunction-in-koreans
#12
Jae-Hong Lee, Jung-Kyu Choi, Sang-Hyun Kim, Kyung-Hyun Cho, Young-Taek Kim, Seong-Ho Choi, Ui-Won Jung
PURPOSE: The National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort and medical checkup data from 2002 to 2013 were used to evaluate the association between periodontal surgery for the treatment of periodontitis (PSTP) and vasculogenic erectile dysfunction (VED). METHODS: Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were applied to a longitudinal retrospective database to assess the association between PSTP and VED while adjusting for the potential confounding effects of sociodemographic factors (age, household income, insurance status, health status, residence area, and smoking status) and comorbidities (diabetes mellitus, angina pectoris, cerebral infarction, and myocardial infarction)...
April 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457915/periodontal-surgery-of-the-maxillary-impacted-canine-for-orthodontic-purposes-proposal-for-a-surgical-decision-tree
#13
Jean-Marc Dersot
In a private practice, between January 2010 and December 2015, 621 impacted teeth were exposed for orthodontic purposes. The majority were maxillary canines (464=74.71%), followed by maxillary central incisors (36=5.80%), mandibular canines (32=5.15%) and, finally, second premolars (30=4.83%). The 464 maxillary canines were present in 356 patients with a mean age, at the time of the intervention, of 15 years and 3 months (7 years and 10 months to 45 years and one month). The gender distribution was 60.7% (F) to 39...
April 27, 2017: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452623/advantages-of-autologous-platelet-rich-fibrin-membrane-on-gingival-crevicular-fluid-growth-factor-levels-and-periodontal-healing-a-randomized-split-mouth-clinical-study
#14
Taner Arabaci, Oguz Kose, Mevlut Albayrak, Yasin Cicek, Alper Kizildag
AIM: To evaluate the contributions of platelet rich fibrin (PRF) combined with conventional flap surgery on the growth factor levels in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and periodontal healing. MATERIALS AND METHOD: 26 patients (52 sites) with chronic periodontitis were treated either with autologous PRF with open flap debridement (OFD+PRF) or open flap debridement (OFD) alone. Growth factor levels in GCF at baseline and 2, 4 and 6 weeks postoperatively were analyzed, and clinical parameters such as probing depth (PD), relative attachment level (RAL) and gingival margin level (GML) at baseline and 9 months after surgery were compromised...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429488/interdisciplinary-periodontics-the-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-cases
#15
REVIEW
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429482/the-periodontal-restorative-interface-esthetic-considerations
#16
REVIEW
Vincent Bennani, Hadeel Ibrahim, Latfiya Al-Harthi, Karl M Lyons
Esthetic considerations are a significant contributing factor in the management of prosthodontic cases and an interdisciplinary approach is often necessary to achieve an optimal result. The visible soft-tissue architecture plays a key role in developing an esthetic smile. Furthermore, an understanding of the relationship between the restorative margin and the gingiva is important for long-term stability of the result. The gingival architecture and gingival health are important for ensuring optimal esthetics following prosthodontic work and close attention to both soft and hard tissues around the teeth, before, during and after restorative procedures, will greatly improve the likelihood of a successful outcome...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423453/periodontal-treatment-in-private-dental-practice-a-case-based-survey
#17
I Darby, S-Y Barrow, B Cvetkovic, R Musolino, S Wise, C Yung, D Bailey
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the management and referral patterns of Victorian general dental practitioners based on periodontal diagnosis. METHODS: Following ethics approval, Victorian general dental practitioners were invited to complete five randomised text-based periodontitis scenario questionnaires. Based on their diagnosis respondents were asked for their management options and asked to specify who would perform these treatments. Respondents were also asked about referral procedures...
April 19, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421873/facial-alveolar-bone-width-at-the-first-and-second-maxillary-premolars-in-healthy-patients-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-study
#18
Julio Rojo, José Viña, David Peñarrocha, Miguel Peñarrocha
The purpose was to analyze the thickness of the facial alveolar bone at the first and second maxillary premolars and determinate the percentage of premolars that reached 2 mm in width. A retrospective study analyzing cone beam computed tomography scans from the database of the Oral Surgery Unit of the University of Valencia was performed. Patients with periodontal disease, orthodontic treatment, absence among the first maxillary molars, premolars with endodontic treatment and/or prosthetic restorations were excluded...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416313/changes-of-periodontal-parameters-after-apical-surgery-correlation-of-clinical-and-cone-beam-computed-tomographic-data
#19
Thomas von Arx, Linda Antonini, Giovanni E Salvi, Michael M Bornstein
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes of the marginal periodontium 1 year after apical surgery. METHODS: Clinical and radiographic (cone-beam computed tomographic) examinations of 54 teeth treated with buccal access flaps for apical surgery were performed at baseline and after 1 year. Clinical assessment included measurements of probing pocket depth, the level of gingival margin (GM), and the width of keratinized tissue. Subsequently, the clinical attachment level (CAL) and the width of the attached gingiva were calculated...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403102/mandibular-regeneration-after-immediate-load-dental-implant-in-a-periodontitis-patient-a-clinical-and-ultrastructural-case-report
#20
Maurizio Catinari, Manuel Scimeca, Massimo Amorosino, Mario Marini, Elena Bonanno, Virginia Tancredi
RATIONALE: In this case study, we characterized from radiographic, morphological and elemental point of view the mandibular reconstruction that occur in patients affects by periodontitis after application of endosseous titanium implants. In particular, we verified that the bone load applied by titanium implant was able to induce the mandibular osteogenic reconstruction. PATIENT CONCERN: A 57-year-old female active smoker with no contraindications for dental implants and 3 unstable dental prostheses, underwent open surgery for the application of endosseous titanium implants (BANP IMPLANT S...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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