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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429488/interdisciplinary-periodontics-the-multidisciplinary-approach-to-the-planning-and-treatment-of-complex-cases
#1
REVIEW
Karl M Lyons, Ivan Darby
Periodontics cannot be practiced in isolation as frequently many patients have multiple dental needs or medical health issues requiring management. In addition, pathology may manifest in the periodontal tissues, and the onset and progression of periodontitis can be affected by systemic conditions, such as diabetes, and vice versa. The focus of this volume of Periodontology 2000 is interdisciplinary periodontics, and the articles included discuss the interactions and the interrelationshipbetween periodontal tissues/periodontal diseases and endodontics, fixed prosthodontics, implant dentistry, esthetics, gerodontology, radiology, orthodontics, pediatric dentistry, oral and maxillofacial surgery, oral pathology, special needs dentistry and general medicine...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429482/the-periodontal-restorative-interface-esthetic-considerations
#2
REVIEW
Vincent Bennani, Hadeel Ibrahim, Latfiya Al-Harthi, Karl M Lyons
Esthetic considerations are a significant contributing factor in the management of prosthodontic cases and an interdisciplinary approach is often necessary to achieve an optimal result. The visible soft-tissue architecture plays a key role in developing an esthetic smile. Furthermore, an understanding of the relationship between the restorative margin and the gingiva is important for long-term stability of the result. The gingival architecture and gingival health are important for ensuring optimal esthetics following prosthodontic work and close attention to both soft and hard tissues around the teeth, before, during and after restorative procedures, will greatly improve the likelihood of a successful outcome...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423453/periodontal-treatment-in-private-dental-practice-a-case-based-survey
#3
I Darby, S-Y Barrow, B Cvetkovic, R Musolino, S Wise, C Yung, D Bailey
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the management and referral patterns of Victorian general dental practitioners based on periodontal diagnosis. METHODS: Following ethics approval, Victorian general dental practitioners were invited to complete five randomised text-based periodontitis scenario questionnaires. Based on their diagnosis respondents were asked for their management options and asked to specify who would perform these treatments. Respondents were also asked about referral procedures...
April 19, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421873/facial-alveolar-bone-width-at-the-first-and-second-maxillary-premolars-in-healthy-patients-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-study
#4
Julio Rojo, José Viña, David Peñarrocha, Miguel Peñarrocha
The purpose was to analyze the thickness of the facial alveolar bone at the first and second maxillary premolars and determinate the percentage of premolars that reached 2 mm in width. A retrospective study analyzing cone beam computed tomography scans from the database of the Oral Surgery Unit of the University of Valencia was performed. Patients with periodontal disease, orthodontic treatment, absence among the first maxillary molars, premolars with endodontic treatment and/or prosthetic restorations were excluded...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416313/changes-of-periodontal-parameters-after-apical-surgery-correlation-of-clinical-and-cone-beam-computed-tomographic-data
#5
Thomas von Arx, Linda Antonini, Giovanni E Salvi, Michael M Bornstein
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes of the marginal periodontium 1 year after apical surgery. METHODS: Clinical and radiographic (cone-beam computed tomographic) examinations of 54 teeth treated with buccal access flaps for apical surgery were performed at baseline and after 1 year. Clinical assessment included measurements of probing pocket depth, the level of gingival margin (GM), and the width of keratinized tissue. Subsequently, the clinical attachment level (CAL) and the width of the attached gingiva were calculated...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403102/mandibular-regeneration-after-immediate-load-dental-implant-in-a-periodontitis-patient-a-clinical-and-ultrastructural-case-report
#6
Maurizio Catinari, Manuel Scimeca, Massimo Amorosino, Mario Marini, Elena Bonanno, Virginia Tancredi
RATIONALE: In this case study, we characterized from radiographic, morphological and elemental point of view the mandibular reconstruction that occur in patients affects by periodontitis after application of endosseous titanium implants. In particular, we verified that the bone load applied by titanium implant was able to induce the mandibular osteogenic reconstruction. PATIENT CONCERN: A 57-year-old female active smoker with no contraindications for dental implants and 3 unstable dental prostheses, underwent open surgery for the application of endosseous titanium implants (BANP IMPLANT S...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402356/patient-based-comparison-of-traditional-instruments-and-piezoelectric-bone-surgery-in-osseous-resective-surgery
#7
Simone Verardi, Julie Pastagia
Osseous resective surgery has been widely advocated in the treatment of periodontitis. The treatment traditionally has been done with rotary and manual instruments, but piezoelectric devices recently have also been used. A total of 20 adult patients diagnosed with moderate to severe chronic periodontitis were selected. A split-mouth study design was conducted such that one sextant was operated using piezoelectric bone surgery (test) and one with traditional instruments (control) in two separate sessions. Patients were asked to evaluate their perception of cold sensitivity, spontaneous pain, bleeding, swelling, and chewing discomfort...
May 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402353/peri-implant-soft-tissue-stability-after-single-implant-restorations-using-either-guided-bone-regeneration-or-a-connective-tissue-graft-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Chiara D'Elia, Nicola Baldini, Edoardo Ferrari Cagidiaco, Giacomo Nofri, Cecilia Goracci, Massimo de Sanctis
The purpose of the present study was to compare two different surgical procedures, connective tissue graft and guided bone regeneration, when applied in conjunction with implant placement. Probing pocket depth and the recession depth were recorded at the implant site after crown placement (T₁) and at the 1-year follow-up (T₂), while the keratinized tissue height and the buccal mucosa thickness were recorded at three different time points: at the time of implant surgery (T₀), after crown placement, and at the 1-year follow-up...
May 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401154/cytotoxicity-and-antimicrobial-activity-of-oral-rinses-in-vitro
#9
Heinz-Dieter Müller, Sigrun Eick, Andreas Moritz, Adrian Lussi, Reinhard Gruber
While oral rinses used for cosmetic purposes only do not necessarily have to be antiseptic, antimicrobial activity is required for medical indications, including oral and periodontal surgery. So the question arises-is the antimicrobial activity of oral rinses associated with any destructive changes in cell viability in vitro? To answer this question, we examined twelve oral rinses with respect to their antimicrobial and cytotoxic activity. Antimicrobial activity was screened against five bacterial strains using disc diffusion...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398116/long-term-stability-after-regenerative-treatment-of-infrabony-defects-a-retrospective-case-series
#10
Katrin Nickles, Bettina Dannewitz, Kerstin Gallenbach, Tatjana Ramich, Susanne Scharf, Lasse Röllke, Beate Schacher, Peter Eickholz
AIM: Evaluation of long-term stability of attachment achieved in infrabony defects by regenerative treatment. METHODS: All patients that had received regenerative treatment for at least one infrabony defect between 2004 and 2010 were screened for this retrospective case series. If complete examinations (plaque/gingivitis index, probing depth [PD], vertical clinical attachment level [CAL-V]) were available for baseline and 12 months after surgery, they were invited for a re-examination 60±12 months after surgery...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379627/dental-responsibility-loadings-and-the-relative-value-of-dental-services
#11
Dana Nicole Teusner, Xiangqun Ju, David Simon Brennan
OBJECTIVE: To estimate responsibility loadings for a comprehensive list of dental services, providing a standardized unit of clinical work effort. METHODS: Dentists (n=2500) randomly sampled from the Australian Dental Association membership were assigned to one of 25 panels. Each panel received a questionnaire eliciting responsibility loadings for eight common services (core items) and approximately 12 other services unique to that questionnaire. Relaibility was assessed by examining differences in core item loadings by panel assignment...
April 5, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376673/effect-of-prolyl-hydroxylase-inhibitor-loaded-collagen-barrier-membranes-on-osteoclastogenesis-and-osteoblastogenesis
#12
Michael Edelmayer, Diana Al-Habbal, Manuela Pensch, Klara Janjić, Hermann Agis
Prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors induce a proangiogenic response and are therefore proposed to optimize regenerative approaches in periodontics and oral surgery. Here the effect of the prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors dimethyloxalylglycine and deferoxamine, released from collagen barrier membranes, on osteoclastogenesis and osteoblastogenesis was evaluated. Collagen barrier membranes were loaded with dimethyloxalylglycine and deferoxamine. Release studies were performed and supernatants were taken after 1, 3, 6, 24, and 48 h...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371086/immediate-implant-and-rehabilitation-based-on-all-on-4-concept-in-patients-with-generalized-aggressive-periodontitis-a-medium-term-prospective-study
#13
Sha Li, Ping Di, Yu Zhang, Ye Lin
BACKGROUND: Aggressive periodontitis renders a great challenge to the conventional implant due to the risks of infection and ongoing marginal bone loss (MBL). A study about full-arch immediate implant and restoration in patients with advanced generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP) was not read, even though the All-on-4 concept has been proven to be predictable for edentulous patients. PURPOSE: This prospective study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and medium-term outcomes of immediate implant and rehabilitation based on the All-on-4 concept in patients with advanced GAP via clinical and radiographic analyses...
April 3, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368130/a-novel-technique-in-root-coverage-procedures-the-fibrin-assisted-soft-tissue-promotion-concept
#14
Alexandre-Amir Aalam, Alina Krivitky Aalam, Joseph Choukroun
The goal of periodontal plastic surgery is to correct the soft-tissue deformities associated with the loss of attached and keratinized tissue. A variety of flap manipulations related to the use of subepithelial connective tissue grafts are described with great success in the literature but are linked with morbidity and harvesting-quality issues, inclining clinicians and researchers to find alternatives to such techniques. Advanced platelet-rich fibrin, which is widely used in medicine and oral therapy, represents a newer generation of blood-derived growth factors...
April 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368128/minimally-invasive-surgery-in-periodontal-regeneration-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
John C Tunnell, Stephen K Harrel
New techniques have emerged to achieve periodontal regeneration without the drawbacks associated with conventional flap surgery. Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is a method of surgical access that minimizes flap reflection and tissue trauma, resulting in maintenance of critical blood supply, stability of the blood clot within the wound site, and less postoperative recession over time. As advancements in materials and techniques are made, MIS in periodontal regeneration continues to evolve. The emergence of a videoscope for use during MIS (VMIS) has improved visual access to surgical sites, facilitating improved defect debridement and root planing...
April 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355312/oral-rehabilitation-of-a-severe-periodontally-involved-patient-with-mucous-membrane-pemphigoid-a-15-year-follow-up-case-report
#16
Jean-Marie Megarbane, Cécile Freiha, Nadim Mokbel
Mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) refers to a group of chronic autoimmune subepithelial diseases distinguished by erosive lesions of the mucous membranes and skin. Its treatment consists of inhibition of the inflammatory reaction by means of corticosteroids and symptomatic medication. This is a report of a patient suffering from a combination of MMP and severe generalized chronic periodontitis. The patient has been treated with oral corticosteroids, initial phase therapy, extraction with immediate implant placement, and periodontal surgery where the prognosis was questionable...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355311/enhancing-root-eminence-and-papilla-contour-using-single-contoured-subepithelial-connective-tissue-autografts-for-recession-coverage
#17
Donald E Lareau, James E Hinrichs, Georgios A Kotsakis
Current techniques using autogenous soft tissue in periodontal plastic surgery have limitations in the number of teeth that can be treated and may result in suboptimal esthetic results. The innovative use of single, contoured grafts reported in this article overcomes the drawbacks associated with these techniques by more efficient use of available donor tissue. Autogenous tissue is used to graft each individual tooth, leaving the interdental areas uncovered. Multiple teeth-in some cases an entire arch-can be treated in one session, providing consistent and predictable reestablishment of the normal scalloped gingival architecture and convex root eminence...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350044/bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-enhances-the-osteogenic-differentiation-capacity-of-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-derived-from-human-bone-marrow-and-umbilical-cord
#18
Kulisara Marupanthorn, Chairat Tantrawatpan, Pakpoom Kheolamai, Duangrat Tantikanlayaporn, Sirikul Manochantr
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells that can give rise to different cell types of the mesodermal lineages. They are powerful sources for cell therapy in regenerative medicine as they can be isolated from various tissues, and can be expanded and induced to differentiate into multiple lineages. Recently, the umbilical cord has been suggested as an alternative source of MSCs. Although MSCs derived from the umbilical cord can be induced to differentiate into osteoblasts with a phenotypic similarity to that of bone marrow-derived MSCs, the differentiation ability is not consistent...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348615/assessment-of-digital-panoramic-radiography-s-diagnostic-value-in-angular-bony-lesions-with-5-mm-or-deeper-pocket-depth-in-mandibular-molars
#19
Bardia Vadiati Saberi, Somayeh Nemati, Meisam Malekzadeh, Afrooz Javanmard
BACKGROUND: Assessment of alveolar bone level in periodontitis is very important in determining prognosis and treatment plan. Panoramic radiography is a diagnostic tool used to screen patients. The aim of the present study was to assess the diagnostic value of digital panoramic radiography in angular bony defects with 5 mm or deeper pocket depth in mandibular molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, ninety angular bony defects in mandibular molars teeth with 5 mm or deeper pocket depth were selected in sixty patients with the diagnosis of chronic periodontitis...
January 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345758/biodegradable-gelatin-beta-tricalcium-phosphate-sponges-incorporating-recombinant-human-fibroblast-growth-factor-2-for-treatment-of-recession-type-defects-a-split-mouth-study-in-dogs
#20
A Shujaa Addin, T Akizuki, S Hoshi, T Matsuura, T Ikawa, S Fukuba, M Matsui, Y Tabata, Y Izumi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Tissue engineering by using recombinant human (rh) growth factor technology may offer a promising therapeutic approach for treatment of gingival recession. Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) has shown the ability to promote periodontal regeneration. Gelatin/beta-tricalcium phosphate (gelatin/β-TCP) sponges have been developed to control the release of growth factors. The present study evaluated the periodontal regenerative efficacy of rhFGF-2 by comparing gelatin/β-TCP sponges incorporated with rhFGF-2 to the scaffolds alone in artificially created recession-type defects in dogs...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
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