Read by QxMD icon Read

Periodontal surgery

Taner Arabaci, Mevlut Albayrak
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study to evaluate the contributions of titanium-prepared platelet-rich fibrin (T-PRF) combined with open flap debridement (OFD) on biological markers in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF)and periodontal outcomes. METHODS: Twenty-nine participants with chronic periodontitis were treated either with autologous T-PRF+OFD or OFD alone. GCF growth factor levels and relative receptor activator nuclear factor kappa-B/osteoprotegerin (RANKL/OPG) ratio at baseline and 2, 4, and 6 weeks postoperatively were analyzed, and clinical parameters such as probing depth (PD), relative attachment level (RAL) and gingival margin level (GML) at baseline and 9 months after surgery were compared...
March 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Ronaldo Lira-Junior, Sigvard Åkerman, Björn Klinge, Elisabeth A Boström, Anders Gustafsson
BACKGROUND: Analysis of saliva is emerging as a promising tool to diagnose and monitor diseases which makes determination of the salivary microbial profile in different scenarios essential. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of age, periodontal disease, sex, smoking, and medical conditions on the salivary microbial profile. DESIGN: A randomly selected sample of 441 individuals was enrolled (51% women; mean age 48.5±16.8). Participants answered a health questionnaire and underwent an oral examination...
2018: PloS One
Leonardo Trombelli, Anna Simonelli, Luigi Minenna, Giulio Rasperini, Roberto Farina
BACKGROUND: In the attempt to limit the post-surgery increase in buccal gingival recession (bREC), effect of a connective tissue graft (CTG) when combined with a buccal single flap approach (SFA) in the regenerative treatment of intraosseous defects is evaluated. METHODS: Data related to 30 patients with an intraosseous defect treated with a buccal SFA with (SFA+CTG group; n = 15) or without (SFA group; n = 15) placement of a CTG and regenerative treatment were retrospectively derived at three clinical centers...
April 2017: Journal of Periodontology
Pedro C Aravena, Camila P Oyarzún, María F Arias, Héctor Monardes, Alejandro Jerez, Bruna Benso
PURPOSE: The use of antibiotic prophylaxis in dental implant surgery is a routine dental practice to prevent implant failure. Current systematic reviews have yet to confirm the effectiveness of antibiotic treatment at reducing postoperative infection rates in implant procedures. The aim of this study was to quantify amoxicillin plasma levels at the peripheral venous blood and at the surgical implant site in patients undergoing dental treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted...
March 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Jieun Cheong, Yu-Sun Hwang, Bock-Yung Jung
In the full-mouth rehabilitation of a patient with severely collapsed occlusion, a multidisciplinary approach including prosthodontics, orthodontics, endodontics, and surgery could provide better esthetic and functional results. Orthodontic treatment aiming for stable occlusion that meets the standard requirement of functional occlusion, enables the maintenance of occlusal function, and guarantees long-term stability on the basis of periodontal health was attempted. The essential element of this protocol is careful treatment planning based on the optimal sequence pursuing functional occlusion...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Giovan Paolo Pini Prato, Cristina Magnani, Leandro Chambrone
BACKGROUND: Coronally advanced flap (CAF) has been considered as one of the most predictable and versatile root coverage procedures. Thus, the aims of this study are two-fold: 1) to evaluate the long-term outcomes following CAF in the treatment of gingival recession (GR); and 2) to explore the influence of several tooth/patient-related factors on the stability of gingival margin at 5, 10, and 20 years after surgery. METHODS: Ninety-four patients with 97 GR (73 Miller`s Class I and 24 Miller's Class III) were treated with CAF in a private practice between 1984 and 1996...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Giovanni Zucchelli, Sharma Praveen, Ilham Mounssif
Periodontal plastic surgery comprises an increasing part of clinical periodontology. Clinical trials have traditionally used professionals to judge esthetic outcome, and few studies have addressed patient needs and requests (true end points). Development of universally accepted and validated methods for professional esthetic assessment, together with standardized questionnaires for patient-perceived outcome, may help to provide better insights into the true needs and benefits of periodontal and implant-associated plastic surgery...
March 5, 2018: Periodontology 2000
Martina Stefanini, Matteo Marzadori, Sofia Aroca, Pietro Felice, Matteo Sangiorgi, Giovanni Zucchelli
The primary indication for treatment of gingival recessions is esthetics. In the last decades, patients have become increasingly more demanding in the esthetic outcome expected. In order to obtain a successful final result, periodontal plastic surgery should provide not only complete root coverage but also perfect blending in terms of color and texture. In the literature, many techniques have been demonstrated to be effective in obtaining complete root coverage, and the selection of one surgical technique over another depends on several factors related to the anatomic characteristics of the defect...
March 4, 2018: Periodontology 2000
Grace Chiu, Chris Chang, W Eugene Roberts
A 36-year-old woman with good periodontal health sought treatment for a compensated Class II partially edentulous malocclusion associated with a steep mandibular plane (SN-MP, 45°), 9 missing teeth, a 3-mm midline discrepancy, and compromised posterior occlusal function. She had multiple carious lesions, a failing fixed prostheses in the mandibular right quadrant replacing the right first molar, and a severely atrophic edentulous ridge in the area around the mandibular left first and second molars. After restoration of the caries, the mandibular left third molar served as anchorage to correct the mandibular arch crowding...
March 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Jennifer R Beaudette, Peter C Fritz, Philip J Sullivan, Assunta Piccini, Wendy E Ward
AIMS: To determine the relationship between anticipated pain and actual pain experienced following soft tissue grafting or implant surgery; and to identify the factors that predict actual pain experienced and the use of pain medication following soft tissue grafting or implant surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prior to dental implant placement (n=98) or soft tissue grafting (n=115) and for seven days following the procedure, patients completed a visual analog scale indicating anticipated or experienced pain, respectively...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Otto Zuhr, Stephan F Rebele, Stefani L Cheung, Markus B Hürzeler
Diverse clinical advancements, together with some relevant technical innovations, have led to an increase in popularity of tunneling flap procedures in plastic periodontal and implant surgery in the recent past. This trend is further promoted by the fact that these techniques have lately been introduced to a considerably expanded range of indications. While originally described for the treatment of gingival recession-type defects, tunneling flap procedures may now be applied successfully in a variety of clinical situations in which augmentation of the soft tissues is indicated in the esthetic zone...
March 1, 2018: Periodontology 2000
Vikas Vilas Pakhare, Chinmay Harishchandra Khandait, Sunita Satish Shrivastav, Prasad Vijayrao Dhadse, Vidya Sudhindhra Baliga, Vasudevan Dwarkanathan Seegavadi
Periodontally accelerated osteogenic orthodontic procedure has become useful adjunct to reduce orthodontic treatment time as compared with conventional orthodontics. This case demonstrates the use of Piezosurgery® to facilitate rapid tooth movement with relatively shorter treatment time. A 23-year-old male with Angles Class I malocclusion having spaced anterior teeth and protrusion requested orthodontic treatment with reduced time period. Before surgery, presurgical orthodontic treatment was done to do initial alignment of the teeth...
September 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Tatjana Ramich, Anne Asendorf, Katrin Nickles, Gerhard M Oremek, Ralf Schubert, Luigi Nibali, Martin Wohlfeil, Peter Eickholz
AIM: The aim of the study is to assess the long-term effect of active periodontal therapy on serum inflammatory parameters in patients with aggressive (AgP) and chronic (ChP) periodontitis in a non-randomised clinical study. METHODS: Twenty-five ChP and 17 AgP were examined clinically prior to (baseline), 12 weeks and 60 months after subgingival debridement of all pockets within 2 days. Systemic antibiotics were prescribed if Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans was detected (10 AgP, 8 ChP), flap surgery was rendered if required...
February 27, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
J Cao, H X Meng
OBJECTIVE: To test the accuracy and credibility of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) on measuring the height and volume of alveolar bone defects before periodontal regeneration surgery. By comparing the bone density measured by CBCT before and after the operation, the time to evaluate the efficacy of the periodontal regenerative surgery would be determined. METHODS: Periodontal regenerative surgeries were performed on three-wall bone defects of ten teeth in nine patients...
February 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
M Maddalone, M Gagliani, C L Citterio, A Pellegatta, M Del Fabbro
AIM: To evaluate retrospectively the prevalence of vertical root fractures (VRF) in a cohort of patients during apical surgery and the factors possibly associated with VRF. METHODOLOGY: The sample consisted of 944 root filled teeth belonging to 768 patients (49.3% males and 50.7% females; mean age 43.5±11.2 years, range 22-68 years), consecutively referred for endodontic surgery over a six-year period. All patients underwent a clinical assessment of their signs and symptoms...
February 25, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
A A Kulakov, V A Badalyan, Z M Stepanyan
The purpose of the present study was to increase the effectiveness of mandibular molars apical root resection surgery. The study included 21 patients with diagnosis 'persistent apical periodontitis', 'root cyst', in 11 cases surgery was performed with less traumatic access with piezoelectric surgery system for separation of cortical bone block and subsequent reposition after resection and retrograde root filling. The planning and procedure was described by 2 clinical cases. Bone block reposition surgical procedure showed clinical effectiveness and was considered as a most acceptable technique of root resection...
2018: Stomatologii︠a︡
M Cieślik-Wegemund, V Candotto, B Wierucka-Młynarczyk, M Tanasiewicz, L Gilowski, M Duda, D Lauritano, Z Ormianer
Multiple recession defects in the dentition of the patients are routinely encountered in clinical practice and as such present a challenge for clinicians. Periodontal plastic surgical procedures aim to restore both esthetics as function in periodontal tissues. The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the clinical efficacy of using a tunnel technique with a collagen matrix to cover multiple recessions in the maxilla or mandible. Fourteen patients were enrolled in the study. Patients in the maxilla-group and mandible-group were treated with xenogeneic collagen matrix using the tunnel technique...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Konstantinos Lazaridis, Maria Lazaridou, Athanasios E Athanasiou
Introduction: Le Fort I and sagittal split ramus osteotomies are the most commonly performed orthognathic surgery procedures on the maxilla and mandible, respectively. Techniques: Despite progress in the techniques, these procedures may still be associated with morbidity, expressed as inflammation, inadequate bony union, periodontal damages or in extreme cases even total bone loss. Discussion: Through a comprehensive review of the literature, the influences of maxillary and mandibular surgery on Pulpal Blood Flow (PBF), pulp sensitivity and pulp vitality are examined...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Ashu Bhardwaj, Zeba Jafri, Nishat Sultan, Madhuri Sawai, Anika Daing
Background: Chronic periodontitis in lower anterior teeth results in rapidly progressive gingival recession (GR), loss of alveolar bone, decreased vestibular depth (VD) with consequential tooth mobility, and tooth loss. Treatment option for such cases in this esthetically important area of the oral cavity includes extraction followed by implants for which sufficient bone height and mucogingival complex are a prerequisite. Henceforth, an attempt was made to prolong the life of lower anterior teeth and postpone the need for implants by the treatment of chronic periodontitis with periodontal flap surgery followed by vestibular deepening in single surgical procedure...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Ankita Kakar, Arundeep Kaur Lamba, Shruti Tandon, Farrukh Faraz, Abdul Ahad
Aim: The aim was to compare the gingival tissue response following placement of a light cure dressing (Barricaid® ) and a non-eugenol periodontal dressing (Coe-Pak™ ) after periodontal flap procedure. This was carried out by evaluating plaque deposition underneath both the dressings, healing response and the patient preference for each. Materials and Methods: A total of 12 patients with chronic generalized periodontitis requiring surgery in at least two different quadrants were enrolled for this split-mouth study...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"