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Periodontal surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791688/periodontal-clinical-evaluation-before-and-after-surgically-assisted-rapid-maxillary-expansion
#1
Michelle Sendyk, Wilson Roberto Sendyk, Débora Pallos, Letícia Cristina Cidreira Boaro, João Batista de Paiva, José Rino Neto
INTRODUCTION: The surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion is a procedure that reduces the resistance of the sutures correcting the posterior crossbite in adults. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the periodontal status of 17 adults submitted to this procedure. METHODS: The clinical attachment level (CAL), gingival recession, attached gingiva and bleeding were evaluated in maxillary first premolars and molars, central and lateral incisors of right and left sides before surgery, 5 days and 6 months after...
January 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779269/-the-applications-of-periodontal-gingival-surgery-%C3%A2-alternative-materials
#2
Er-Jia Mao
The main purposes of periodontal graft surgery include achieving root coverage, improving the clinical attachment level and keratinized tissue, and advancing the procedure of periodontal plastic surgery. Autogenous graft, such as subepithelial connective tissue graft-based procedure, provide the best outcomes for mean and complete root coverage, as well as increase in keratinized tissue. However, a disadvantage of the procedure is in the location of the operation itself: the additional surgical site (palate)...
April 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777107/differentiation-of-periapical-granulomas-and-cysts-by-using-dental-mri-a-pilot-study
#3
Alexander Juerchott, Thorsten Pfefferle, Christa Flechtenmacher, Johannes Mente, Martin Bendszus, Sabine Heiland, Tim Hilgenfeld
The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate whether periapical granulomas can be differentiated from periapical cysts in vivo by using dental magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Prior to apicoectomy, 11 patients with radiographically confirmed periapical lesions underwent dental MRI, including fat-saturated T2-weighted (T2wFS) images, non-contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images with and without fat saturation (T1w/T1wFS), and contrast-enhanced fat-saturated T1-weighted (T1wFS+C) images. Two independent observers performed structured image analysis of MRI datasets twice...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769771/evaluation-of-diode-laser-and-stannous-fluoride-in-the-treatment-of-root-sensitivity-after-access-flap-surgery-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#4
Chetan Purushottam Raut, Kunal Sunder Sethi, Bhagyashree Kohale, Alefiya Mamajiwala, Ayushya Warang
Background: Postsurgical root sensitivity has always been an enigma to the periodontists. There is a plethora of evidence suggesting the presence of root sensitivity following periodontal flap surgical procedures. Thus, the aim of the present study was to compare and evaluate the effect of low-power diode lasers with and without topical application of stannous fluoride (SnF2 ) gel in the treatment of root sensitivity and also evaluate whether laser creates any placebo effect in the control group or not...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760816/management-of-cervically-fractured-central-incisors-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#5
Rakesh R Rajan, Sapna Chandira Muddappa, Priya Rajendran, Ashok Sukumaran Nair
Introduction: Fracture of tooth structure at or below the gingival margin compromises rehabilitation and hampers esthetics and function. Management: Management of such cases by a post-core and crown restoration, or periodontal surgery or orthodontic extrusion alone may not always suffice in attaining a good result. Case Report: A multi-disciplinary approach which includes all of the above mentioned procedures helps in long term success. Conclusion: Careful case evaluation, treatment planning and meticulous attention to detail are the keys to the best treatment outcome...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755531/adjunctive-platelet-rich-plasma-prp-in-infrabony-regenerative-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-rct-s-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Mubashir Saleem, Flavio Pisani, Faisal Maqbool Zahid, Ioannis Georgakopoulos, Teuta Pustina-Krasniqi, Edit Xhajanka, Maher Almasri
Background and Objective: The purpose of this study was to highlight the clinical performance of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) used as an adjunctive tool for regeneration in infrabony periodontal defects using different biomaterials or performing different surgical flap approaches. Comparative evaluation of main clinical outcomes as probing pocket depth reduction, clinical attachment gain, and recession reduction with and without the use of PRP has been analysed. Materials and Methods: According to the focused question, an electronic and hand searching has been performed up to December 2016...
2018: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737429/properties-of-calcium-silicate-monobasic-calcium-phosphate-materials-for-endodontics-containing-tantalum-pentoxide-and-zirconium-oxide
#7
Fausto Zamparini, Francesco Siboni, Carlo Prati, Paola Taddei, Maria Giovanna Gandolfi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate chemical-physical properties and apatite-forming ability of three premixed calcium silicate materials containing monobasic calcium phosphate (CaH4 P2 O8 ) bioceramic, tantalum pentoxide and zirconium oxide, recently marketed for endodontics (TotalFill BC-Sealer, BC-RRM-Paste, BC-RRM-Putty). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Microchemical and micromorphological analyses, radiopacity, initial and final setting times, calcium release and alkalising activity were tested...
May 8, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717362/microbial-accumulation-on-different-suture-materials-following-oral-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Ran Asher, Tali Chacartchi, Moshik Tandlich, Lior Shapira, David Polak
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to compare bacterial accumulation on different suture materials following oral surgery. METHODS: Patients scheduled for implant or periodontal surgery were included in the study. Upon flap closure, four different sutures were placed in a randomized sequence-silk, coated polyglactin, nylon, and polyester. Ten days following surgery, the sutures were removed and incubated in aerobic as well as anaerobic conditions for 7 days and colony-forming units (CFUs) were calculated...
May 2, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707028/surgical-endodontics-vs-regenerative-periodontal-surgery-for-management-of-a-large-periradicular-lesion
#9
Saeed Asgary, Leyla Roghanizadeh, Ali Haeri
Treatment success of periodontal-endodontic lesions is dependent on the elimination of both disease causative factors, whether they exist separately or concurrently. This report presents successful endodontic management of a misdiagnosed large periradicular pathology, which had not resolved after a previous periodontal regenerative surgery. A patient complaining of discomfort in the left maxillary region was referred. He had undergone regenerative surgery for treatment of a large periradicular defect; however, there was no further amelioration of the clinical signs/symptoms...
2018: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690702/-influencing-factors-for-keratinized-differentiation-of-keratinocytes
#10
X X Ding, X Li, J Wang, X M Gu, A Q Wu, Y M Zhou
Keratinized mucosa in oral cavity plays an important role in periodontal health. The defect of keratinized mucosa may increase the risks of complication of oral implant surgery and restoration. Graft of keratinized tissue and connective tissue are still the gold standard for treating keratinized mucosa defect now. The current research focus on how to modulate non-keratinized mucosa to highly-efficient and minimally-invasive keratinized mucosa. Keratinocytes are critical components of oral mucosa and its final differentiation into keratinized mucosa is controlled by the connective tissue microenvironment involving a variety of molecules and ions...
April 9, 2018: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687448/stem-cell-like-populations-and-immunoregulatory-molecules-in-periodontal-granulation-tissue
#11
D A Apatzidou, C Nile, A Bakopoulou, A Konstantinidis, D F Lappin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Determine the presence of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in healthy periodontal tissue and periodontal granulation tissue (GT) and explore associations between immuno-regulatory molecules and selected subgingival microorganisms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Mesenchymal stem cells were isolated, propagated and characterised by flow cytometry from a region of healthy gingival tissue and inflamed GT of 10 systemically healthy non-smokers with chronic periodontitis...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682688/what-is-the-benefit-of-using-amniotic-membrane-in-oral-surgery-a-comprehensive-review-of-clinical-studies
#12
REVIEW
M Fénelon, S Catros, J C Fricain
OBJECTIVES: Since its first use for the reconstruction of tissue defects in the oral cavity in 1985, human amniotic membrane (hAM) has been widely studied in the field of oral surgery. Despite the growing number of publications in this field, there is no systematic review or meta-analysis concerning its clinical applications, outcome assessments, and relevance in oral surgery. The aim of this review is to provide a thorough understanding of the potential use of hAM for soft and hard tissue reconstruction in the oral cavity...
April 22, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682267/an-unusual-deceptive-delayed-of-profuse-haemorrhage-after-mandibular-implant-dentistry-risk-planning-and-medico-legal-instruction
#13
R M Gaudio, E El Haddad, G El Haddad, D Lauritano, F Carinci
Mandibular implant placement (MIP) has been accepted and widely used for decades all over the world, and has reached a very high level of therapeutic reliability. MIP is used mostly in elderly edentulous patients who lost their teeth when dentistry was not oriented to fixed or removable prosthetic. Notwithstanding this, every year cases of severe complications during MIP due to haemorrhage causing life-threatening airway's obstruction are reported. These severe complications of MIP need immediate therapy, usually with hospitalization, and may be potentially fatal...
October 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682259/effects-of-the-application-of-high-pressure-oxygen-on-the-treatment-of-periodontal-disease-in-diabetic-patients
#14
S Sabatini, M Ricci, V Candotto, D Lauritano, G M Nardi
Purpose: In this study we wanted to observe the improvement in the healing of periodontal tissues in a group of diabetic patients treated with traditional methods compared to another group treated with the addition of oxygen.The potential of oxygen has long been known in the field of plastic surgery, where it is used to treat burns and skin lesions. Materials and methods: This study consists in a split mouth study which involved 30 patients. We carefully treated them with periodontal therapy using manual and mechanical instrumentation...
October 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676255/-perfecting-smile-esthetics-keep-it-pink
#15
Virginie Monnet-Corti, Angeline Antezack, Marion Pignoly
INTRODUCTION: Smile aesthetics is based on numerical, physical, physiological and psychological data regarding beauty, while taking into account the desires of the patient. It is determined by the shape, colour and position of the lips, teeth and gingival tissues. Periodontal examination in both the facial and labial settings supports analysis of the gingival display during natural and forced smiling, the health of the periodontium, the gingival contours, the aesthetic gingival line, and the presence of the papillae...
March 2018: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664148/a-retrospective-study-on-the-crestal-bone-loss-associated-with-different-implant-surfaces-in-chronic-periodontitis-patients-under-maintenance
#16
Luis Gallego, Alberto Sicilia, Pelayo Sicilia, Carmen Mallo, Susana Cuesta, Mariano Sanz
OBJECTIVE: To analyze retrospectively interproximal crestal bone loss (CBL) on external-hex "non-identical" (NI) dental implants with different surface topography, when placed in the same intra-oral location in patients with a history of chronic periodontitis following maintenance care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The patient population consisted of 206 consecutive patients with a history of chronic periodontitis who underwent implant surgery between 2007 and 2010; 755 NI implants with different implant surfaces were placed at posterior mandibular sites: 72 machined, 145 acid-etched/machined (hybrid), and 538 anodized...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662262/treatment-of-endo-periodontal-lesion-using-leukocyte-platelet-rich-fibrin-a-case-report
#17
Pablo Betancourt, Ricardo Elgueta, Ramon Fuentes
Case Description: The main objective of this paper was to report the clinical effectiveness of leukocyte- platelet- rich fibrin (L-PRF) in the treatment of a combined endo-periodontal lesion of an upper first premolar. Clinical Findings: The tooth had a profound abfraction on the vestibular aspect and presented no mobility but revealed a deep pocket measuring of 11 mm on the mesial vestibular aspect and 14 mm on the mesial palatine aspect. The three dimensional image analysis showed total bone loss in the mesial aspect and an extensively bone loss of the vestibular aspect of the vestibular root...
December 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661437/development-of-routine-dental-care-for-liver-transplant-outpatients
#18
S V Nascimento, A M Gonzalez, B Aguiar Roza, C F M G Pimentel, J Schirmer, S Mucci, D C Abranches
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation has become commonplace for patients with end-stage liver disease. The liver is a bodily organ of great importance, and its dysfunction can cause significant complications throughout the body. Patients with hepatic disease should be able to acquire knowledge of the physiology of the liver via the dental profession, and it is also necessary to modify some aspects of dental treatment even in healthy patients. Problems such as excessive bleeding and hepatotoxicity caused by some of the drugs used in dental treatment can lead to a decrease in systemic health...
April 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655407/periodontal-prosthesis-in-contemporary-dentistry
#19
REVIEW
Chiun-Lin Steven Liu
In the last 5 decades, the developments of osseointegrated titanium implants (since 1965) have led to the success of contemporary dentistry. Endosseous implant-supported restorations delivered in accordance with the traditional Branemark protocol have proven to be highly predictable. Today, implants are becoming increasingly common in dental care and provide more therapeutic options, but treatment planning and the sequencing of therapy are critical in implant-assisted and implant-supported cases. Implant prostheses give patients and dentists more options in treatment planning, but also present challenging decisions regarding implant surgery...
April 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655406/aggregatibacter-actinobacillus-actimycetemcomitans-leukotoxin-and-human-periodontitis-a-historic-review-with-emphasis-on-jp2
#20
REVIEW
Chi-Cheng Tsai, Ya-Ping Ho, Yu-Shian Chou, Kun-Yen Ho, Yi-Min Wu, Ying-Chu Lin
Aggregatibacter (Actinobacillus) actimycetemcomitans (Aa) is a gram-negative bacterium that colonizes the human oral cavity and is causative agent for localized aggressive (juvenile) periodontitis (AgP). In the middle of 1990s, a specific JP2 clone of belonging to the cluster of serotype b strains of Aa with highly leukotoxicity (leukotoxin, LtxA) able to kill human immune cells was isolated. JP2 clone of Aa was strongly associated with in particularly in rapidly progressing forms of aggressive periodontitis...
April 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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