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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333394/socket-shield-technique-for-immediate-implant-placement-clinical-radiographic-and-volumetric-data-after-5%C3%A2-years
#1
Daniel Bäumer, Otto Zuhr, Stephan Rebele, Markus Hürzeler
OBJECTIVES: Implant placement immediately after tooth extraction is often accompanied by resorption of surrounding tissues. A clinical technique was developed where the buccal portion of the root is retained to preserve the periodontal ligament and bundle bone. This technique is based on animal studies showing the potential to preserve the facial tissues utilizing this approach. The purpose of this study was to gain more insight regarding the safety of the technique with regard to biological and implant-related long-term complications and to observe the clinical appearance of the peri-implant tissues...
March 23, 2017: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320537/a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-2-ibuprofen-formulations-in-patients-with-acute-odontogenic-pain
#2
Tanjit Taggar, Di Wu, Asma A Khan
INTRODUCTION: Ibuprofen sodium dihydrate, a new formulation of ibuprofen, was introduced with the claim of faster onset of analgesia. Most of the data on this new ibuprofen formulation are drawn from studies using the oral surgery model. Because this model differs significantly from the endodontic pain model, we conducted a study comparing ibuprofen sodium dihydrate with conventional ibuprofen acid in endodontic pain patients. METHODS: This randomized, double-masked study recruited subjects experiencing moderate to severe pain from a tooth diagnosed with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis and symptomatic apical periodontitis (n = 41)...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316944/human-amnion-membrane-potential-applications-in-oral-and-periodontal-field
#3
REVIEW
Ranjana Mohan, Aashima Bajaj, Mohan Gundappa
Human amniotic membrane (HAM) is derived from the fetal membranes which consist of the inner amniotic membrane made of single layer of amnion cells fixed to collagen-rich mesenchyme attached to chorion. HAM has low immunogenicity, anti-inflammatory properties and their cells can be isolated without the sacrifice of human embryos. Amniotic membrane has biological properties which are important for the experimental and clinical applications in managing patients of various medical specialties. Abundant, natural and wonderful biomembrane not only protects the foetus but also has various clinical applications in the field of dermatology, ophthalmology, ENT surgery, orthopedics and dental surgery...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316942/piezosurgery-a-boon-for-modern-periodontics
#4
REVIEW
Mathai Thomas, Uttam Akula, Kranti K R Ealla, Nirosha Gajjada
Dentistry has undergone significant advancement and has seen several changing concepts over a decade. One such novel innovation is piezosurgery. Piezoelectric bone surgery or otherwise known as piezosurgery is a novel technique invented by Professor Vercellotti in 1988 to overcome the limitations of traditional instrumentation in oral bone surgery by modifying and improving conventional ultrasound technology. It is a promising, meticulous, and soft tissue sparing system for bone cutting based on low frequency ultrasonic microvibrations...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299251/minimally-invasive-endoscopic-computer-assisted-surgery-technique-and-review
#5
REVIEW
Anand Kumar, Nirma Yadav, Shipra Singh, Neha Chauhan
Endoscopic or minimally invasive surgery popular as keyhole surgery is a medical procedure in which endoscope (a camera) is used, and it has gained broad acceptance with popularity in several surgical specialties and has heightened the standard of care. Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a modern discipline in the field of dentistry in which endoscopy has developed as well as widely used in surgeries and is rapidly gaining importance. The use of different visual as well as standard instruments such as laparoscopic and endoscopic instruments, and high-powered magnification devices, has allowed physicians to decrease the morbidity of many surgical procedures by eliminating the need for a large surgical incision...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298824/comparative-evaluation-of-healing-after-periodontal-flap-surgery-using-isoamyl-2-cyanoacrylate-bioadhesive-material-and-silk-sutures-a-split-mouth-clinical-study
#6
Jyotsana Veneet Khurana, Amita Milind Mali, Rohini Salil Mali, Amit Ulhas Chaudhari
BACKGROUND: Many factors contribute to uneventful and healthy postoperative healing. Hence, closure of periodontal flap postsurgery for the attainment of primary union between flap margins is of utmost importance. Isoamyl 2-cyanoacrylate is a tissue adhesive, which can be used for the closure of elevated flaps to overcome the problems associated with conventional suture material like silk. AIM: This study aims to compare healing after periodontal flap surgery using isoamyl 2-cyanoacrylate (bioadhesive material) and silk sutures...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298820/the-efficacy-of-transgingival-probing-in-class-ii-buccal-furcation-defects-treated-by-guided-tissue-regeneration
#7
Monika Bansal, Tej Bali Singh
BACKGROUND: The objectives of the present study were to establish transgingival probing as an evaluating method in the clinical studies of periodontal regenerative techniques and to compare the effectiveness of transgingival probing to the surgical entry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten systemically healthy persons (20-50 years) with moderate to severe chronic periodontitis participated in this study. These cases were recruited into the study only when they fulfilled the eligibility criteria...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298819/diagnostic-accuracy-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-identification-and-postoperative-evaluation-of-furcation-defects
#8
Natasha Pajnigara, Abhay Kolte, Rajashri Kolte, Nilufer Pajnigara, Vrushali Lathiya
BACKGROUND: Decision-making in periodontal therapeutics is critical and is influenced by accurate diagnosis of osseous defects, especially furcation involvement. Commonly used diagnostic methods such as clinical probing and conventional radiography have their own limitations. Hence, this study was planned to evaluate the dimensions of furcation defects clinically (pre- and post-surgery), intra-surgically, and by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) (pre- and post-surgery). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised a total of 200 Grade II furcation defects in forty patients, with a mean age of 38...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286291/human-%C3%AE-defensin-2-and-interleukin-1%C3%AE-expression-in-response-to-porphyromonas-gingivalis-challenge-in-mice-transplanted-with-periodontitic-human-gingiva
#9
Tomoko Shimizu, Masahiro To, Yohei Kamata, Juri Saruta, Takenori Sato, Shinya Fuchida, Nobushiro Hamada, Keiichi Tsukinoki
Inter-individual variability in the host response contributes significantly to expression of periodontal disease. Thus, research into the human host response is considered important in the analysis of periodontal disease. Human β-defensin-2 (hBD-2) is typically produced by epithelial tissues after stimulation with microorganisms and inflammatory mediators, and it contributes to the initial defense in the innate immune response. However, hBD-2 expression in response to infection has not been investigated in human gingival tissue with periodontitis...
March 9, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282520/does-bone-grafting-improve-outcomes-in-coronectomy-surgery-long-term-5-to-9-year-clinical-and-radiographic-follow-up-of-78-adult-patients
#10
Jeffrey A Elo, Ho-Hyun Brian Sun, Fanglong Dong, Katina Nguyen, Kirollos Zakhary
PURPOSE: To report the long-term outcomes of 78 adult patients who underwent coronectomy with bone grafting (CWG) of the bony crypt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with follow-up of at least 5 to 9 years underwent CWG. Preoperative imaging and probing depths were recorded, as were yearly follow-up radiographs or cone-beam computed tomograms and yearly postoperative probing depths. RESULTS: Periodontal probing depths and bone levels on the distal surfaces of adjacent mandibular molars showed marked improvement compared with preoperative probing depths and bone levels...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281367/a-review-of-the-literature-antibiotic-usage-and-its-relevance-to-the-infection-in-periodontal-flaps
#11
Yiying Liu, Dingyu Duan, Yuejiao Xin, Lin Bai, Tianyu Li, Chuwen Li, Yi Xu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the systemic antibiotic usage in the perioperative period of periodontal flaps and its relevance to the infection after surgeries through reviewing the papers of the last decade. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search was conducted for the studies of randomized clinical trials between 2005 and 2014 that reported periodontal flaps in chronic periodontitis patients. Data were extracted and the rate of the systemic antibiotic use, the infection rate after surgeries and the number needed to treat (NNT) to prevent one infected case were calculated...
March 10, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279057/-long-term-treatment-outcome-and-influencing-factors-of-teeth-receiving-modified-crown-lengthening
#12
C Wang, X T Jia, W J Hu, M Zhen, H Zhang
Objective: To observe the long-term clinical treatment outcome and the influencing factors of the outcome for the teeth receiving modified crown lengthening surgery combined with root canal treatment and post-core crown restoration. To summarize the clinical guidelines of modified crown lengthening surgery in selection of indications and for mulation of treatment planning. Methods: Fifty-seven patients with a total of 67 teeth receiving modified crown lengthening surgery combined with root canal treatment and post-core crown restoration for at least a 6 months' follow-up period between July 2004 and July 2013 were recruited in this retrospective study by phone call interviews...
March 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278363/comparisons-of-periodontal-regenerative-therapies-a-meta-analysis-on-the-long-term-efficacy
#13
REVIEW
Yun-Chun Wu, Liang-Ko Lin, Cheng-Jie Song, Yu-Xuan Su, Yu-Kang Tu
AIM: We conducted a meta-analysis for the long-term differences in treatment outcomes between periodontal regeneration therapies and flap operation. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using the EMBASE, PubMed, and Cochrane databases up to June 2016. Treatment outcomes were changes in probing pocket depth and clinical attachment level. We extracted data reported at different time points after periodontal surgery and incorporated all data into the same model...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275793/-periodontal-status-of-labially-inversely-impacted-maxillary-central-incisor-in-mixed-dentition-after-orthodontic-treatment
#14
Hui-Xi Jiang, Zhen-Sheng Cao, Hao Sun, Han Hu, Yu Fang, Rong-Dang Hu
PURPOSE: To study the periodontal status of labially inversely impacted maxillary central incisor in mixed dentition after orthodontic treatment. METHODS: Sixteen patients with labially inversely impacted maxillary central incisor in mixed dentition and treated by guided rod appliance and conventional fixed appliance were enrolled in this study. Periodontal examinations were performed and cone-beam CT (CBCT) was taken approximately 2 years post treatment. Central incisors were divided into impacted and contralateral incisor groups...
December 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271438/short-term-follow-up-of-masticatory-adaptation-after-rehabilitation-with-an-immediately-loaded-implant-supported-prosthesis-a-pilot-assessment
#15
Mihoko Tanaka, Collaert Bruno, Reinhilde Jacobs, Tetsurou Torisu, Hiroshi Murata
BACKGROUND: When teeth are extracted, sensory function is decreased by a loss of periodontal ligament receptions. When replacing teeth by oral implants, one hopes to restore the sensory feedback pathway as such to allow for physiological implant integration and optimized oral function with implant-supported prostheses. What remains to be investigated is how to adapt to different oral rehabilitations. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess four aspects of masticatory adaptation after rehabilitation with an immediately loaded implant-supported prosthesis and to observe how each aspect will recover respectively...
December 2017: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258920/odontogenic-sinusitis-maxillaris-a-retrospective-study-of-121-cases-with-surgical-intervention
#16
Matthias Zirk, Timo Dreiseidler, Matthias Pohl, Daniel Rothamel, Johannes Buller, Franziska Peters, Joachim E Zöller, Matthias Kreppel
PURPOSE: Otolaryngologists, dentists and maxilla-facial surgeons see patients suffering from odontogenic maxillary sinusitis on a daily routine. The study was performed to investigate the different origins of the odontogenic maxillary sinusitis ranging from periodontitis to augmentative implant surgery. Furthermore, the microbial flora of purulent odontogenic maxillary sinusitis was analyzed in order to present a proper antibiotic treatment in addition to a surgical approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed, analyzing the clinical trials of 121 patients suffering from odontogenic maxillary sinusitis who undergone surgery...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253582/-the-role-of-soft-tissue-transplantation-in-the-reconstruction-of-gingival-papilla
#17
T L Chen, X H Zhang
Black triangle caused by gingival papilla loss is an ordinary clinical problem. Gingival recession and alveolar bone absorption in the area of gingival papilla lead to the increase of the vertical distance from the adjacent contact point to the alveolar ridge. Periodontal soft tissue grafts play a certain role in the gingival papilla reconstruction. This paper reviewed the effects of soft tissue grafts on the reconstruction of gingival papilla loss through following several aspects, summary of gingival papilla loss, gum soft tissue reconstruction, biological and chemical factors influencing gingival papilla reconstruction...
February 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243084/efficient-induction-of-antimicrobial-activity-with-vancomycin-nanoparticle-loaded-poly-trimethylene-carbonate-localized-drug-delivery-system
#18
Yang Zhang, Ruo-Jia Liang, Jiao-Jiao Xu, Li-Feng Shen, Jian-Qing Gao, Xu-Ping Wang, Na-Ni Wang, Dan Shou, Ying Hu
Surgery and the local placement of an antibiotic are the predominant therapies to treat chronic osteomyelitis. Vancomycin-loaded N-trimethyl chitosan nanoparticles (VCM/TMC NPs) as a potential drug delivery system have high intracellular penetration and effective intracellular antibacterial activity. This study investigated the effects of a biocompatible material, poly(trimethylene carbonate) (PTMC), to increase the sustained effectiveness of an intracellular antibiotic and its potential application in antibiotic delivery...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241807/clinical-registry-of-dental-outcomes-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-orarad-rationale-methods-and-recruitment-considerations
#19
Rajesh V Lalla, Leslie Long-Simpson, James S Hodges, Nathaniel Treister, Thomas Sollecito, Brian Schmidt, Lauren L Patton, Michael T Brennan
BACKGROUND: Most head and neck (H&N) cancer patients receive high-dose external beam radiation therapy (RT), often in combination with surgery and/or chemotherapy. Unfortunately, high-dose RT has significant adverse effects on the oral and maxillofacial tissues, some of which persist for the life of the patient. However, dental management of these patients is based largely on individual and expert opinion, as few studies have followed patients prospectively to determine factors that predict adverse oral sequelae...
February 27, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236425/efficacy-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-after-mandibular-third-molar-extraction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Faez Saleh Al-Hamed, Mohamed Abdel-Monem Tawfik, Ehab Abdelfadil, Mohammed A Q Al-Saleh
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on the healing process of the alveolar socket after surgical extraction of the mandibular third molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scopus, and relevant journals were searched using a combination of specific keywords ("platelet-rich fibrin," "oral surgery," and "third molar"). The final search was conducted on November 2, 2015. Randomized controlled clinical trials, as well as controlled clinical trials, aimed at comparing the effect of PRF versus natural healing after extraction of mandibular third molars were included...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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