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Molar surgical extraction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525303/low-level-laser-therapy-after-wisdom-teeth-surgery-evaluation-of-immunologic-markers-secretory-immunoglobulin-a-and-lysozyme-levels-and-thermographic-examination-placebo-controlled-study
#1
Tatjana Dostalova, Veronika Kroulikova, Stepan Podzimek, Helena Jelinková
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this investigation is to analyze the effect of therapeutic low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to have a possibility to check pain and inflammation connected with surgical removal of impacted lower third molars in general anesthesia or even phobia [not accompanied by pain or fear of dental treatment, using immunologic markers-secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) and lysozyme]. The healing process was also monitored by infrared thermography. BACKGROUND DATA: LLLT can accelerate the proliferation phase of healing and decrease the inflammatory reaction, but the effect is not really clear...
May 16, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523092/management-of-a-life-threatening-bleeding-following-extraction-of-deciduous-second-molar-related-to-a-capillary-haemangioma
#2
REVIEW
Amr Amin Ghanem, Yasser Nabil El Hadidi
Various forms of vascular lesion affect the head and neck region. The head and neck vascular lesions are classified into neoplasms and malformations. Neoplasm presents either as hemangioma or lymphangioma; neoplasm usually presents in young age compared with vascular malformation. A 9-year-old female patient presented to the outpatient clinic referred from the department of pedodontics after extraction of a right mandibular second deciduous molar. Extraction was done by dental GP in outpatient clinic. Massive bleeding followed the extraction...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487738/comparative-assessment-of-preoperative-versus-postoperative-dexamethasone-on-postoperative-complications-following-lower-third-molar-surgical-extraction
#3
Hashem M Al-Shamiri, Maha Shawky, Nermin Hassanein
Aim. To evaluate the effect of preoperative versus postoperative administration of oral Dexamethasone on postoperative complications including pain, edema, and trismus following lower third molar surgery. Methods. 24 patients were divided into two equal groups receiving 8 mg Dexamethasone orally, one group one hour preoperatively and the other group immediately after surgery. Pain was measured using VAS, edema was measured using a graduated tape between 4 fixed points in the face, and the mouth opening was measured using a graduated sliding caliper...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482442/-effect-of-a-nano-hydroxyapatite-desensitizing-paste-application-on-dentin-bond-strength-of-three-self-etch-adhesive-systems
#4
D D Pei, S Y Liu, H Y Yang, J Gan, C Huang
Objective: To evaluate a nano-hydroxyapatite (nano-HA) desensitizing paste application on the bond strength of three self-etch adhesives. Methods: Three dentin specimens of about 1 mm thick were cut from two teeth. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to evaluate the dentin surfaces without treatment, after citric acid treatment and after nano-HA treatment. Thirty-six intact third molars extracted for surgical reasons were cut to remove the occlusal enamel with isomet, and then were etched with 1% citric acid for 20 s to simulate the sensitive dentin and divided into two groups randomly using a table of random numbers (n=18): the control group (no treatment) and the HA treated group (with nano-HA paste treatment)...
May 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481696/contribution-of-the-pdl-to-osteotomy-repair-and-implant-osseointegration
#5
X Pei, L Wang, C Chen, X Yuan, Q Wan, J A Helms
Our objective was to clarify the fate of the periodontal ligament (PDL) retained in the socket after tooth extraction, then determine if this tissue contributed to the osseointegration of "immediate" implants placed in these fresh extraction sockets. Mice underwent maxillary first molar extraction, the residual PDL was removed by an osteotomy, and titanium implants were placed. The osteotomy was created in such a way that the palatal surface was devoid of PDL remnants while the buccal, mesial, and distal surfaces retained PDL fibers...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440741/standardized-rat-model-testing-effects-of-inflammation-and-grafting-on-extraction-healing
#6
Emily S Willett, Jingpeng Liu, Molly Berke, Peter J Giannini, Marian Schmid, Zhenshan Jia, Xiaobei Wang, Xiaoyan Wang, Kaeli Samson, Fang Yu, Dong Wang, Ali Nawshad, Richard A Reinhardt
BACKGROUND: Loss of the alveolar ridge width and height following tooth extraction is well-documented, but models to evaluate ridge preservation are neither standardized nor cost-effective. This rat model characterizes the pattern of bone turnover and inflammation after extraction and bone grafting with or without local simvastatin (SIM). METHODS: Fifty retired-breeder rats underwent extraction of the right maxillary first molar and standard surgical defect creation under inhalation/local anesthesia...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438596/can-preoperative-intramuscular-single-dose-dexamethasone-improve-patient-centered-outcomes-following-third-molar-surgery
#7
Mahmoud Al-Dajani
PURPOSE: Because of increased attention focused on administering dexamethasone to treat third molar surgical complications, this study investigated the efficacy of single-dose dexamethasone in managing postoperative complications after impacted third molar surgery. Pain intensity and analgesic intake, patients' discomfort, limitation of oral function, and limitation of daily activities were assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This triple-blinded split-mouth randomized controlled clinical trial included patients 18 to 30 years old who underwent randomized bilateral extractions of impacted mandibular third molars during 2 consecutive sessions...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431477/duration-of-orthognathic-surgical-treatment
#8
Jaakko Paunonen, Mika Helminen, Timo Peltomäki
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the duration of orthognathic-surgical treatment conducted with conventional pre- and post-surgical orthodontic treatment phases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study material was comprised of the files of 185 consecutive patients treated in Oral and Maxillofacial Unit, Tampere University Hospital, Finland, in 2007-2014. The files were reviewed and the following data was obtained: gender and age of patients, ICD-10 diagnosis, type of malocclusion, duration of pre- and post-surgical orthodontic treatment and type of operation...
July 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419843/a-review-of-in-office-dynamic-image-navigation-for-extraction-of-complex-mandibular-third-molars
#9
Robert W Emery, Oxana Korj, Ravi Agarwal
PURPOSE: We performed a retrospective review of in-office removal of complex mandibular third molars with a dynamic image navigation system (DINS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of cases completed from 2010 to 2014 by a single oral and maxillofacial surgeon. The average age of the patients was 47 years (range, 27 to 72 years). Extraction complexity was classified with Juodzbalys and Daugela's classification system. The included study cases had complexity scores of 9 or greater...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416535/pneumatic-dental-extractions-an-unusual-cause-of-extensive-cervical-surgical-emphysema
#10
Christopher Thompson, Rohit Gohil
A 50-year-old fit and well man presented to the Accident and Emergency Department in a tertiary centre following lower molar extraction, complaining of voice hoarseness with neck and facial swelling. Clinical examination along with plain film radiography revealed pneumomediastinum and extensive cervical surgical emphysema. He was subsequently admitted for observation and managed conservatively under the ENT team with input from the maxillofacial and anaesthetic teams. With supportive treatment only, the emphysema resolved and he remained well up until discharge...
April 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406129/prevention-of-alveolar-osteitis-after-third-molar-surgery-comparative-study-of-the-effect-of-warm-saline-and-chlorhexidine-mouth-rinses
#11
O D Osunde, C E Anyanechi, G O Bassey
BACKGROUND: Chlorhexidine mouth rinses have a proven efficacy for the prevention of alveolar osteitis after third molar surgery. This study compares the efficacy of warm saline rinse, a component of postextraction instructions, with that of chlorhexidine in our institution over a period of 2 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Apparently healthy patients who were referred to the Oral Surgery Clinic of our institution, with an indication for surgical extraction of lower third molar were prospectively, consecutively, and uniformly randomized into warm saline and chlorhexidine groups...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390826/estimation-of-date-of-death-through-wound-healing-of-an-extraction-socket-a-case-report
#12
Joan Viciano, Ruggero D'Anastasio, Cristian D'Ovidio, Sara Costantini, Aldo Carnevale, Luigi Capasso
Surgical extraction of teeth due to dental pathologies is a relatively common procedure in modern man. The healing of the wound that results occurs in gradual and sequential stages, such that the analysis of this repair process can be very useful in forensic investigations on human remains. The following study reports on a particular case where the remodeling of a tooth socket allowed an estimation of the time that had elapsed from the day of the surgical extraction of the tooth to the time of death. The corpse was that of a woman of 34 years...
March 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388395/surgical-uprighting-is-a-successful-procedure-for-management-of-impacted-mandibular-second-molars
#13
Bonnie L Padwa, Rushil R Dang, Cory M Resnick
PURPOSE: Impacted mandibular second molars can cause caries and root resorption on adjacent molars and can lengthen orthodontic treatment. Surgical uprighting is one management option. The purposes of this study were to 1) evaluate radiographic outcomes for surgical uprighting of impacted mandibular second molars and 2) propose an etiology for impaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients who had surgical uprighting of mandibular second molars and had preoperative and at least 12-month postoperative panoramic images and an age- and gender-matched control group of patients undergoing routine orthodontic treatment...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377664/diagnosis-and-management-of-hidden-caries-in-a-primary-molar-tooth
#14
Arwa Gera, Uri Zilberman
Hidden caries is a dentinal lesion beneath the dentinoenamel junction, visible on radiographs. A single report described this lesion in primary dentition. This case report describes a case of hidden caries in a mandibular second primary molar, misdiagnosed as malignant swelling. A 3-year-old white girl was referred to the Department of Pediatric Dentistry with a chief complaint of pain and extraoral swelling on the right side of the mandible for the last 3 months. She was earlier referred to the surgical department for biopsy of the lesion...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377353/-effect-of-aging-on-proliferative-and-differentiation-capacity-of-human-periodontal-ligament-stem-cells
#15
Ting-Ting DU, Na Liu, Wei Zhang, Hai-Gang Shi, Tong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of aging on the proliferative and differentiation capacity of human periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs). METHODS: Human periodontal ligament tissues were obtained from surgically extracted third molars from 6 subjects aged 18-20 years (group A) and 6 subjects aged 45-50 years (group B). The proliferative capacity of PDLSCs isolated from the tissues was examined with MTT assay, and the osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation capacity of the cells were evaluated using alizarin red staining and oil red O staining...
March 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343833/-consequences-of-impacted-wisdom-teeth-extraction-on-the-periodontal-environment-of-second-molars-a-pilot-study
#16
R Martin, A Louvrier, E Weber, B Chatelain, C Meyer
INTRODUCTION: Wisdom teeth extraction is a common procedure, generally considered as safe by patients. However, complications are possible, especially periodontal ones. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency and the consequences of periodontal complications at the level the 2nd molars after extraction of the wisdom teeth. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single-center retrospective observational multi-operator study was conducted at the university hospital of Besançon - France...
April 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299267/postsurgical-consequences-in-lower-third-molar-surgical-extraction-using-micromotor-and-piezosurgery
#17
Freddy Kersi Mistry, Nidarsh Diwakar Hegde, Mithra Nidarsh Hegde
BACKGROUND: One of the most critical and crucial steps in surgical extraction is cutting the bone or osteotomy, for which many techniques are used, e.g., chisels and mallet, rotary instruments, and ultrasound bone-cutting instruments. If they are not used judiciously, they can be hazardous. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficiency of piezosurgery unit over micromotor while performing surgical extraction of lower third molars by assessing the time taken for the surgery and measuring postoperative parameters such as pain, trismus, and swelling...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294694/the-effects-of-transcutaneous-and-intraoral-low-level-laser-therapy-after-extraction-of-lower-third-molars-a-randomized-single-blind-placebo-controlled-dual-center-study
#18
Sevil Altundag Kahraman, Sedat Cetiner, Robert A Strauss
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: The surgical removal of impacted third molars is one of the most common procedures performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. The purpose of this study is to determine whether either transcutaneous or intraoral low-level laser therapy (LLLT) reduces postoperative pain and assists in the healing of mandibular third molar extraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized, placebo controlled, single-blind, split-mouth design study was conducted on 60 patients with full bony impacted similar position mandibular third molars bilaterally...
March 14, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286381/rotary-instrument-or-piezoelectric-for-the-removal-of-third-molars-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Rafael Alvim Magesty, Endi Lanza Galvão, Carolina de Castro Martins, Cássio Roberto Rocha Dos Santos, Saulo Gabriel Moreira Falci
AIM: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare, in the lower third molar surgery, the osteotomy techniques with rotary instruments and piezoelectric motors. METHODS: An electronic search was conducted using the following databases: Pubmed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register. Inclusion criteria were: studies in humans, randomized or nonrandomized, comparing the extraction of third molars that required osteotomy and/or odontosection with rotary instrument and osteotomy and/or odontosection with piezoelectric motor assistance...
March 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265473/treatment-of-class-iii-malocclusion-atypical-extraction-protocol
#20
Fernando Pedrin Carvalho Ferreira, Maiara da Silva Goulart, Renata Rodrigues de Almeida-Pedrin, Ana Claudia de Castro Ferreira Conti, Maurício de Almeida Cardoso
The treatment of Angle Class III malocclusion is rather challenging, because the patient's growth pattern determines the success of long-term treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment are still highly discussed issues in orthodontic literature. This type of early intervention has been indicated more frequently in order to eliminate primary etiological factors and prevent an already present malocclusion from becoming severe. However, when a patient is diagnosed in adulthood, manipulation of the bone bases becomes extremely limited, as there is no longer any potential for growth...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
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