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Molar surgical extraction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898426/differences-between-inflammatory-and-catabolic-mediators-of-peri-implantitis-and-periodontitis-lesions-following-initial-mechanical-therapy-an-exploratory-study
#1
M Ghighi, A Llorens, B Baroukh, C Chaussain, P Bouchard, M Gosset
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the differences in inflammatory and catabolic mediators expressed in peri-implantitis compared to periodontitis lesions after non-surgical therapy. Peri-implantitis is associated with a faster rate of bone loss when compared with periodontitis, and peri-implant non-surgical therapy is ineffective to cure peri-implantitis. This may be due to persistent inflammation in peri-implantitis tissues after initial mechanical treatment...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895751/extreme-skeletal-open-bite-correction-with-vertical-elastics
#2
Marco Antonio Cruz-Escalante, Aron Aliaga-Del Castillo, Luciano Soldevilla, Guilherme Janson, Marilia Yatabe, Ricardo Voss Zuazola
Severe skeletal open bites may be ideally treated with a combined surgical-orthodontic approach. Alternatively, compensations may be planned to camouflage the malocclusion with orthodontics alone. This case report describes the treatment of an 18-year-old man who presented with a severe open bite involving the anterior and posterior teeth up to the first molars, increased vertical dimension, bilateral Class III molar relationship, bilateral posterior crossbite, dental midline deviation, and absence of the maxillary right canine and the mandibular left first premolar...
September 12, 2017: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886353/initial-manifestation-of-acquired-hemophilia-a-after-a-routine-tooth-extraction-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Nicholas A Bennetts, James E Mergelmeyer, Eric J Reimer, James C Melville
Although surgical treatment of patients on anticoagulation regimens is common practice among oral and maxillofacial surgeons, unexpected and unknown coagulopathies can have devastating and catastrophic consequences for the most routine of procedures. Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is an extremely rare life-threatening bleeding disorder characterized by autoantibodies directed against circulating coagulation factor VIII. The effects of AHA can produce catastrophic bleeding and hematomas. The effect of this uncontrolled hemorrhage after dentoalveolar surgery can mimic severe head and neck infection by causing dysphagia, odynophagia, and acute airway complications...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880060/comparison-of-orthopantomography-opg-and-computed-tomography-ct-accuracy-in-predicting-inferior-alveolar-nerve-injury-following-lower-third-molar-surgical-extraction
#4
Fulvio Fusaro, Fulvia Costantinides, Michele Maglione, Domenico Dalessadri, Erica Vettori, Roberto DI Lenarda
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare OPG and CT accuracy in predicting inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injury after lower wisdom teeth extraction. METHODS: 23 patients with completely impacted lower third molar were enrolled in this study and OPG and CT exams were obtained before surgical intervention. Finally, a total of 26 lower third molars were extracted and cases of paresthesia following a IAN lesion have been registered. Then, OPG and CT images of the same patients have been randomly submitted to four experienced oral surgeons (with a seniority of at least 5 years) who were required to predict the possibility of a IAN injury by only evaluating the radiological exams...
September 5, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875137/risk-factor-analysis-of-additional-administration-of-sedative-agent-and-patient-dissatisfaction-in-intravenous-conscious-sedation-using-midazolam-for-third-molar-extraction
#5
Dong-Whan Shin, Jin-Yong Cho, Yoon-Sic Han, Hye-Young Sim, Hee-Sun Kim, Da-Un Jung, Ho Lee
OBJECTIVES: The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the factors related with additional administration of sedative agent during intravenous conscious sedation (IVS) using midazolam (MDZ). The secondary purpose was to analyze the factors affecting patient satisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data for 124 patients who had undergone surgical extraction of mandibular third molar under IVS using MDZ were retrospectively investigated in this case-control study...
August 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859924/the-use-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-for-immediate-closure-of-acute-oroantral-communications-an-alternative-approach
#6
Kani Bilginaylar
Currently, the buccal advancement flap, palatal rotational flap, and buccal fat pad techniques are frequently used to close an oroantral communication (OAC). In this study, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) clots were used for immediate closure of acute OACs after extraction of posterior maxillary molars. Acute oroantral perforations larger than 3 mm in diameter in 21 patients were treated uneventfully using PRF clots. None of the patients had systemic diseases or symptoms of sinus disease. After tooth extraction, the diagnosis of acute OAC was examined by the Valsalva maneuver (compressing the nostrils with the fingers and then blowing out air)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857982/is-horizontal-mattress-suturing-more-effective-than-simple-interrupted-suturing-on-postoperative-complications-and-primary-wound-healing-after-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-surgery
#7
Ahmet Hüseyin Acar, Hakki Oğuz Kazancioğlu, Necip Fazil Erdem, Fatih Asutay
The aim of this clinical study was to compare the influence of 2 different suturing techniques on postoperative complications and wound healing after surgical extractions of impacted mandibular third molars. In this randomized split mouth study, 30 patients were examined in whom 60 consecutive surgical extractions of symmetrically positioned impacted mandibular third molars were performed. After the extractions, the surgical flaps were sutured with either the simple interrupted or horizontal mattress suturing technique...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846560/comparative-study-on-osseointegration-of-implants-after-flap-and-flapless-surgery-in-the-mandible-of-dogs
#8
Hong-Gi Min, Su-Gwan Kim, Ji-Su Oh, Jae-Seek You, Sung-Chul Lim, Mi-Ae Jeong
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to compare the implant stability and osseointegration of implants using a flap or flapless technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Mandibular premolars and molars were extracted from both sides in 6 dogs. After 8 weeks, 4 fixtures were implanted using either a flap or flapless technique. Implant stability quotient was measured on insertion and at 2, 4, and 8 weeks later. The animals were killed while the tissues were histologically analyzed...
August 25, 2017: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811076/submucosal-injection-of-dexamethasone-and-methylprednisolone-for-the-control-of-postoperative-sequelae-after-third-molar-surgery-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
A Chugh, S Singh, Y Mittal, V Chugh
Pain, swelling, and trismus are known sequelae of third molar surgery that can significantly affect the individual's quality of life (QOL). These should be minimized to improve QOL. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of the preoperative submucosal administration of equivalent doses of two commonly used steroids on these postoperative sequelae. A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted involving 60 subjects requiring the removal of impacted mandibular third molars. Extraction cases with a similar difficulty index were included...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809376/inferior-alveolar-nerve-trajectory-mental-foramen-location-and-incidence-of-mental-nerve-anterior-loop
#10
M Velasco-Torres, M Padial-Molina, G Avila-Ortiz, R García-Delgado, A Catena, P Galindo-Moreno
OBJECTIVES: Injury of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) is a serious intraoperative complication that may occur during routine surgical procedures, such as dental implant placement or extraction of impacted teeth. Thus, the purpose of this study was to analyze the trajectory of the mandibular canal (MC), the location of the mental foramen (MF) and the presence and extension of an anterior loop of the mental nerve (AL). STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 348 CBCTs were analyzed...
September 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791081/is-the-late-mandibular-fracture-from-third-molar-extraction-a-risk-towards-malpractice-case-report-with-the-analysis-of-ethical-and-legal-aspects
#11
Weuler Dos Santos Silva, Rubens Jorge Silveira, Michelle Gouveia Benicio de Araujo Andrade, Ademir Franco, Rhonan Ferreira Silva
OBJECTIVES: The present study reports a case of late mandibular fracture due to third molar extraction and highlights the inherent clinical, ethical and legal aspects related to this surgical complication. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A female patient underwent surgical procedure for the extraction of the mandibular right third molar. Two days after the surgery the patient reported pain and altered occlusion in the right side of the mandible. After clinical and radiographic re-examination, the diagnosis of late mandibular fracture was established...
April 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771709/assessment-of-the-referral-system-for-surgical-removal-of-third-molars-at-the-dental-faculty-king-saud-university
#12
Randa Abdul Moein Al Fotawi, Manju Roby Philip, Sangeetah Negavara Premnath
INTRODUCTION: There is compelling evidence that prophylactic extraction of third molars is a health problem that needs to be addressed. In particular, the vast amount of evidence demonstrating complications after removal of third molars, rather than supporting the necessity of removal or the negative effects of retention, raise this concern. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the referral system for third molar extraction at our institution by assessing patient opinions and the experience of the oral surgeons and the referring dentists...
August 2, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761644/an-extensive-swelling-in-the-anterior-mandible-a-case-report
#13
Nikhil M Kurien, L K Surej Kumar, P B Uma, V Vivek, Anna P Joseph
INTRODUCTION: Glandular odontogenic cyst is a rare developmental odontogenic cyst, which often pose a challenge to diagnose it clinically. PRESENTATION OF A CASE: A 32 year old female patient was referred to the oral and maxillofacial surgery department with a chief complaint of a painless swelling in the anterior mandible, extending from mandibular left premolar to right first molar region, with fluctuancy and egg shell crackling at right premolar region. The associated teeth were firm...
September 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759304/systemic-inflammation-after-third-molar-removal-a-case-control-study
#14
F Graziani, F D'Aiuto, S Gennai, M Petrini, M Nisi, N Cirigliano, L Landini, R M Bruno, S Taddei, L Ghiadoni
Third molar extraction is one of the most frequent interventions in dentistry. Nevertheless, there is scarce evidence on the host response of individuals with impacted or semi-impacted third molars and the possible effects of surgical removal. A case-control study of 40 patients was designed to evaluate 1) the differences in biomarkers of systemic inflammation, vascular function, and metabolism (high-sensitive C-reactive protein, lipids, fibrinogen, oxidative stress, and endothelial function analysis) and 2) the acute and short-term effects of surgical removal in patients with bilateral impacted or semi-impacted third molars compared to controls with no third molars...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746493/miniscrew-assisted-rapid-palatal-expansion-for-managing-arch-perimeter-in-an-adult-patient
#15
Amanda Carneiro da Cunha, Hisun Lee, Lincoln Issamu Nojima, Matilde da Cunha Gonçalves Nojima, Kee-Joon Lee
Introduction: Etiology of dental crowding may be related to arch constriction in diverse dimensions, and an appropriate manipulation of arch perimeter by intervening in basal bone discrepancies cases, may be a key for crowding relief, especially when incisors movement is limited due to underlying pathology, periodontal issues or restrictions related to soft tissue profile. Objectives: This case report illustrates a 24-year old woman, with maxillary transverse deficiency, upper and lower arches crowding, Class II, division 1, subdivision right relationship, previous upper incisors traumatic episode and straight profile...
May 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735634/management-of-upper-and-lower-molars-that-are-displaced-into-the-neighbouring-spaces
#16
P Bozkurt, E Erdem
Our aim was to describe our experience of retrieval of accidental displacements of upper and lower molars into neighbouring anatomical spaces. Thirteen patients were evaluated retrospectively in terms of age, sex, affected side, jaw (mandible or maxilla), surgeon's experience, whether the extracted teeth had erupted, which portion of the tooth or teeth was displaced, the anatomical space into which the fragment was displaced, postoperative complaints, timing of the retrieval, type of anaesthesia, and surgical approach...
July 20, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713729/piezosurgery-versus-rotatory-osteotomy-in-mandibular-impacted-third-molar-extraction
#17
Bharat Bhati, Pankaj Kukreja, Sanjeev Kumar, Vidhi C Rathi, Kanika Singh, Shipra Bansal
AIM: The aim of this study is to compare piezoelectric surgery versus rotatory osteotomy technique in removal of mandibular impacted third molar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sample size of 30 patients 18 males, 12 females with a mean age of 27.43 ± 5.27. Bilateral extractions were required in all patients. All the patients were randomly allocated to two groups in one group, namely control group, surgical extraction of mandibular third molar was done using conventional rotatory osteotomy and in the other group, namely test group, extraction of lower third molar was done using Piezotome...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711570/anesthetic-management-of-reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome-a-case-report
#18
Hiroshi Hoshijima, Naoki Itoh, Yoshinori Iwase, Hiroshi Nagasaka
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is a group of disorders characterized by prolonged reversible cerebral vasoconstriction, associated with acute-onset, severe, episodic "thunderclap" headaches with or without other neurologic clinical features. We describe the first reported case, to our knowledge, of a patient with RCVS who was managed under general anesthesia in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery. A 67-year-old woman with a diagnosis of RCVS made 2 months earlier was scheduled to undergo surgical extraction of the mandibular right third molar...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708643/rare-complication-in-third-maxillary-molar-extraction-dislocation-in-infratemporal-fossa
#19
Andrea Battisti, Paolo Priore, Filippo Giovannetti, Giorgio Barbera, Francesco D'Alessandro, Valentino Valentini
AIM: Removal of impacted third maxillary molar is frequently carried out without difficulties and low rate of intraoperative complications. The rare and particularly challenger to manage it is the third molar dislocation into the infratemporal fossa (IF). In this clinical report, the authors present their solution to manage and resolve this particular complication. METHODS: A 28-year-old woman was referred to the emergency rescue unit of the authors' hospital by her dentistry, after the attempt to extract the left impacted maxillary third molar...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675812/pre-emptive-effect-of-dexamethasone-and-diclofenac-sodium-associated-with-codeine-on-pain-swelling-and-trismus-after-third-molar-surgery-a-split-mouth-randomized-triple-blind-controlled-clinical-trial
#20
Thiago César Lima, Elizabete Bagordakis, Saulo Gabriel Moreira Falci, Cássio Roberto Rocha Dos Santos, Marcos Luciano Pimenta Pinheiro
PURPOSE: We aimed to compare the effect of dexamethasone, 8 mg, and diclofenac sodium, 50 mg, associated with codeine, 50 mg, on the control of pain, swelling, and trismus after extraction of impacted third molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen healthy patients with a mean age of 22.8 years (SD, 12.62 years) received a single oral dose of either drug 1 hour before each surgical procedure (left and right teeth). At 24, 48, and 72 hours after surgery, swelling was determined by use of linear measurements on the face and trismus was determined by maximal mouth opening...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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