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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617402/-retrospective-study-on-treatment-results-of-patients-with-bone-destruction-in-lower-molars-roots-area
#1
V A Semkin, Z M Izmailova, P A Koloticov
The paper presents retrospective study on the efficiency of tooth protecting operations in patients with odontogenic bone destruction in lower molars roots area. The study was based on the analysis of medical records of patients treated in Central Research Institute of Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery from 2011 to 2016. Tooth protecting procedures because of bone destruction in lower molars were carried out in 98 patients but only 59 of them were accessible to proper follow-up. Complications were seen in 15...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607555/an-observational-cohort-study-on-delayed-onset-infections-after-mandibular-third-molar-extractions
#2
Giulia Brunello, Marleen De Biagi, Giulia Crepaldi, Fernanda Izaura Rodrigues, Stefano Sivolella
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the occurrence and clinical features of delayed-onset infections after mandibular third-molar extractions. METHOD AND MATERIALS: An observational cohort study was conducted on 179 patients undergoing mandibular third-molar extraction between January 2013 and December 2015, for a total of 217 extractions. Data were recorded at the time of extraction (T0), on suture removal seven days later (T1), and 30 days after the extraction, when patients were contacted and asked about their healing process (T2)...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604375/retained-upper-third-molars-during-le-fort-i-osteotomy-with-downfracture
#3
Marco Friscia, Marzia Petrocelli, Carolina Sbordone, Raffaele Corvino, Fabio Maglitto, Francesco Maria Cassandro, Giorgio Iaconetta, Luigi Califano
AIM: The aim of our study is to demonstrate that the presence of upper wisdom teeth must be evaluated before and during Le Fort I osteotomy because attention must be focused to the disadvantages or facilitations of surgery depending on molar presence. MATERIALS OF STUDY: Our study has analyzed two groups, each one including 20 patients, 10 males and 10 females, with an age between 16-30 years. The first group was treated with le Fort I osteotomy leaving in situ the wisdom upper third molars...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597117/oral-dexamethasone-decreases-postoperative-pain-swelling-and-trismus-more-than-diclofenac-following-third-molar-removal-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#4
Carlos Alysson Aragão Lima, Vinícius Tatsumoto Favarini, Alexandre Machado Torres, Rogério Almeida da Silva, Fábio Ricardo Loureiro Sato
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the anti-inflammatory potential of two pharmacotherapy protocols based on the parameters of pain, trismus, and swelling, after extraction of third molars. METHODS: Thirty patients selected with symmetrical impaction of third molars were submitted to surgical procedures in both sides in different times. For one group, dexamethasone was used for 3 days, and for another group diclofenac sodium was also used for the same period...
June 8, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578368/effect-of-pre-operatory-low-level-laser-therapy-on-pain-swelling-and-trismus-associated-with-third-molar-surgery
#5
M Petrini, M Ferrante, P Trentini, G Perfetti, G Spoto
BACKGROUND: The extraction of impacted third molars is commonly associated to pain, edema, trismus, limited jaw opening and movements. The aim of this retrospective study is to verify if pre-surgical low-level laser therapy (LLLT) associated with the extraction of impacted lower third molars could add benefits to the postoperative symptoms respect LLLT performed only after surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from 45 patients subjected to a surgical extraction of lower third molars were pooled and divided into three groups...
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576461/osteomyelitis-of-the-jaw-with-pathological-fracture-following-extraction-of-an-impacted-wisdom-tooth-a-case-report
#6
B González-Navarro, C Arranz-Obispo, R Albuquerque, E Jané-Salas, J López-López
Osteomyelitis is an infection and inflammation associated with the bone structures: bone marrow, cortical bone, periosteum, blood vessels and nerves. Although it does not have a frequent presentation, it can sometimes lead to complications such as pathological fractures or even septicemia. We present a clinical case study, to assess the relationship between osteomyelitis of the jaw and pathological fractures, after the extraction of an impacted wisdom tooth. This case highlights a rare complication following the surgical removal of mandibular third molar; a slow evolution of the pathology following an extraction should lead to close monitoring of the patient both clinically and radiographically, albeit osteomyelitis is a rare complication, it should be included as one of the differential diagnosis of persistent post-extraction pain...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570409/microsurgical-decompression-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-after-endodontic-treatment-complications
#7
Bernardo Bianchi, Andrea Ferri, Andrea Varazzani, Michela Bergonzani, Enrico Sesenna
Iatrogenic injury in oral surgery is the most frequent cause of sensory disturbance in the distribution of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) and mental nerve.Inferior alveolar nerve damage can occur during third molar extraction, implant location, orthognathic surgery, preprosthetic surgery, salivary gland surgery, local anesthetic injections or during the resection of benign or malignant tumors.Injuries to the IAN can be caused also by endodontic treatment of mandibular molars and premolars when filling material is forced into the tooth and mandibular canal...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555210/report-of-a-jaw-osteonecrosis-possibly-caused%C3%A2-by-denosumab
#8
Daniel Saad, Patrick Saad
PURPOSE: To report a case of osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) occurring in an implant area possibly related to denosumab, a relatively new antiosteoporotic agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two months following the extraction of both maxillary first molars, a bilateral maxillary sinus floor elevation was performed on a 64-year-old female patient under a biannual 
60 mg denosumab antiosteoporotic treatment. Seven months later, two implants were inserted in a single-stage procedure in each of the grafted sinuses...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555207/molar-replacement-with-7-mm-wide-diameter-implants-to-place-the-implant-immediately-or-to-wait-4-months-after-socket-preservation-%C3%A2-1-year-after-loading-results-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Marco Tallarico, Erta Xhanari, Milena Pisano, Fulvio Gatti, Silvio Mario Meloni
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that there is no difference in clinical, radiographic and aesthetic outcomes positioning single post-extractive 7 mm-diameter implants or waiting 4 months after molar extraction and socket preservation procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients requiring one implant-supported single restoration to replace a failing tooth in the molar region of both maxilla and mandible were selected. Patients were randomised according to a parallel group design into two arms: implant installation in fresh extraction sockets grafted with cortico-cancellous heterologous bone and porcine derma (group A) or delayed implant installation 4 months after tooth extraction and socket preservation using the same materials (group B)...
2017: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546594/patient-safety-reducing-the-risk-of-wrong-tooth-extraction
#10
P Cullingham, A Saksena, M N Pemberton
Over recent years there has been an increased emphasis on improving patient safety in all branches of medicine, with reducing wrong tooth extraction being a priority in dentistry. The true incidence of wrong tooth extraction is unknown but it is considered an avoidable harm and is a significant source of dental litigation. Interventions to reduce wrong tooth extraction include educational programmes encompassing human factor training, patient assisted identification, the use of checklists, marking of surgical sites and implementation of patient safety guidelines...
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538371/comparison-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-2-lidocaine-hcl-with-different-epinephrine-concentration-for-local-anesthesia-in-participants-undergoing-surgical-extraction-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molars-a-multicenter-randomized-double-blind-crossover-phase-iv
#11
Myong-Hwan Karm, Fiona Daye Park, Moonkyu Kang, Hyun Jeong Kim, Jeong Wan Kang, Seungoh Kim, Yong-Deok Kim, Cheul-Hong Kim, Kwang-Suk Seo, Kyung-Hwan Kwon, Chul-Hwan Kim, Jung-Woo Lee, Sung-Woon Hong, Mi Hyoung Lim, Seung Kwan Nam, Jae Min Cho
BACKGROUND: The most commonly impacted tooth is the third molar. An impacted third molar can ultimately cause acute pain, infection, tumors, cysts, caries, periodontal disease, and loss of adjacent teeth. Local anesthesia is employed for removing the third molar. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 2% lidocaine with 1:80,000 or 1:200,000 epinephrine for surgical extraction of bilateral impacted mandibular third molars. METHODS: Sixty-five healthy participants underwent surgical extraction of bilateral impacted mandibular third molars in 2 separate visits while under local anesthesia with 2% lidocaine with different epinephrine concentration (1:80,000 or 1:200,000) in a double-blind, randomized, crossover trial...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525303/low-level-laser-therapy-after-wisdom-teeth-surgery-evaluation-of-immunologic-markers-secretory-immunoglobulin-a-and-lysozyme-levels-and-thermographic-examination-placebo-controlled-study
#12
Tatjana Dostalova, Veronika Kroulikova, Stepan Podzimek, Helena Jelinková
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this investigation is to analyze the effect of therapeutic low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to have a possibility to check pain and inflammation connected with surgical removal of impacted lower third molars in general anesthesia or even phobia [not accompanied by pain or fear of dental treatment, using immunologic markers-secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) and lysozyme]. The healing process was also monitored by infrared thermography. BACKGROUND DATA: LLLT can accelerate the proliferation phase of healing and decrease the inflammatory reaction, but the effect is not really clear...
May 16, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523092/management-of-a-life-threatening-bleeding-following-extraction-of-deciduous-second-molar-related-to-a-capillary-haemangioma
#13
REVIEW
Amr Amin Ghanem, Yasser Nabil El Hadidi
Various forms of vascular lesion affect the head and neck region. The head and neck vascular lesions are classified into neoplasms and malformations. Neoplasm presents either as hemangioma or lymphangioma; neoplasm usually presents in young age compared with vascular malformation. A 9-year-old female patient presented to the outpatient clinic referred from the department of pedodontics after extraction of a right mandibular second deciduous molar. Extraction was done by dental GP in outpatient clinic. Massive bleeding followed the extraction...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487738/comparative-assessment-of-preoperative-versus-postoperative-dexamethasone-on-postoperative-complications-following-lower-third-molar-surgical-extraction
#14
Hashem M Al-Shamiri, Maha Shawky, Nermin Hassanein
Aim. To evaluate the effect of preoperative versus postoperative administration of oral Dexamethasone on postoperative complications including pain, edema, and trismus following lower third molar surgery. Methods. 24 patients were divided into two equal groups receiving 8 mg Dexamethasone orally, one group one hour preoperatively and the other group immediately after surgery. Pain was measured using VAS, edema was measured using a graduated tape between 4 fixed points in the face, and the mouth opening was measured using a graduated sliding caliper...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482442/-effect-of-a-nano-hydroxyapatite-desensitizing-paste-application-on-dentin-bond-strength-of-three-self-etch-adhesive-systems
#15
D D Pei, S Y Liu, H Y Yang, J Gan, C Huang
Objective: To evaluate a nano-hydroxyapatite (nano-HA) desensitizing paste application on the bond strength of three self-etch adhesives. Methods: Three dentin specimens of about 1 mm thick were cut from two teeth. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to evaluate the dentin surfaces without treatment, after citric acid treatment and after nano-HA treatment. Thirty-six intact third molars extracted for surgical reasons were cut to remove the occlusal enamel with isomet, and then were etched with 1% citric acid for 20 s to simulate the sensitive dentin and divided into two groups randomly using a table of random numbers (n=18): the control group (no treatment) and the HA treated group (with nano-HA paste treatment)...
May 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481696/contribution-of-the-pdl-to-osteotomy-repair-and-implant-osseointegration
#16
X Pei, L Wang, C Chen, X Yuan, Q Wan, J A Helms
Our objective was to clarify the fate of the periodontal ligament (PDL) retained in the socket after tooth extraction, then determine if this tissue contributed to the osseointegration of "immediate" implants placed in these fresh extraction sockets. Mice underwent maxillary first molar extraction, the residual PDL was removed by an osteotomy, and titanium implants were placed. The osteotomy was created in such a way that the palatal surface was devoid of PDL remnants while the buccal, mesial, and distal surfaces retained PDL fibers...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440741/standardized-rat-model-testing-effects-of-inflammation-and-grafting-on-extraction-healing
#17
Emily S Willett, Jingpeng Liu, Molly Berke, Peter J Giannini, Marian Schmid, Zhenshan Jia, Xiaobei Wang, Xiaoyan Wang, Kaeli Samson, Fang Yu, Dong Wang, Ali Nawshad, Richard A Reinhardt
BACKGROUND: Loss of the alveolar ridge width and height following tooth extraction is well-documented, but models to evaluate ridge preservation are neither standardized nor cost-effective. This rat model characterizes the pattern of bone turnover and inflammation after extraction and bone grafting with or without local simvastatin (SIM). METHODS: Fifty retired-breeder rats underwent extraction of the right maxillary first molar and standard surgical defect creation under inhalation/local anesthesia...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438596/can-preoperative-intramuscular-single-dose-dexamethasone-improve-patient-centered-outcomes-following-third-molar-surgery
#18
Mahmoud Al-Dajani
PURPOSE: Because of increased attention focused on administering dexamethasone to treat third molar surgical complications, this study investigated the efficacy of single-dose dexamethasone in managing postoperative complications after impacted third molar surgery. Pain intensity and analgesic intake, patients' discomfort, limitation of oral function, and limitation of daily activities were assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This triple-blinded split-mouth randomized controlled clinical trial included patients 18 to 30 years old who underwent randomized bilateral extractions of impacted mandibular third molars during 2 consecutive sessions...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431477/duration-of-orthognathic-surgical-treatment
#19
Jaakko Paunonen, Mika Helminen, Timo Peltomäki
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the duration of orthognathic-surgical treatment conducted with conventional pre- and post-surgical orthodontic treatment phases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study material was comprised of the files of 185 consecutive patients treated in Oral and Maxillofacial Unit, Tampere University Hospital, Finland, in 2007-2014. The files were reviewed and the following data was obtained: gender and age of patients, ICD-10 diagnosis, type of malocclusion, duration of pre- and post-surgical orthodontic treatment and type of operation...
July 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419843/a-review-of-in-office-dynamic-image-navigation-for-extraction-of-complex-mandibular-third-molars
#20
Robert W Emery, Oxana Korj, Ravi Agarwal
PURPOSE: We performed a retrospective review of in-office removal of complex mandibular third molars with a dynamic image navigation system (DINS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of cases completed from 2010 to 2014 by a single oral and maxillofacial surgeon. The average age of the patients was 47 years (range, 27 to 72 years). Extraction complexity was classified with Juodzbalys and Daugela's classification system. The included study cases had complexity scores of 9 or greater...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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