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Molar surgical extraction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419843/a-review-of-in-office-dynamic-image-navigation-for-extraction-of-complex-mandibular-third-molars
#1
Robert W Emery, Oxana Korj, Ravi Agarwal
PURPOSE: We performed a retrospective review of in-office removal of complex mandibular third molars with a dynamic image navigation system (DINS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of cases completed from 2010 to 2014 by a single oral and maxillofacial surgeon. The average age of the patients was 47 years (range, 27 to 72 years). Extraction complexity was classified with Juodzbalys and Daugela's classification system. The included study cases had complexity scores of 9 or greater...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416535/pneumatic-dental-extractions-an-unusual-cause-of-extensive-cervical-surgical-emphysema
#2
Christopher Thompson, Rohit Gohil
A 50-year-old fit and well man presented to the Accident and Emergency Department in a tertiary centre following lower molar extraction, complaining of voice hoarseness with neck and facial swelling. Clinical examination along with plain film radiography revealed pneumomediastinum and extensive cervical surgical emphysema. He was subsequently admitted for observation and managed conservatively under the ENT team with input from the maxillofacial and anaesthetic teams. With supportive treatment only, the emphysema resolved and he remained well up until discharge...
April 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406129/prevention-of-alveolar-osteitis-after-third-molar-surgery-comparative-study-of-the-effect-of-warm-saline-and-chlorhexidine-mouth-rinses
#3
O D Osunde, C E Anyanechi, G O Bassey
BACKGROUND: Chlorhexidine mouth rinses have a proven efficacy for the prevention of alveolar osteitis after third molar surgery. This study compares the efficacy of warm saline rinse, a component of postextraction instructions, with that of chlorhexidine in our institution over a period of 2 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Apparently healthy patients who were referred to the Oral Surgery Clinic of our institution, with an indication for surgical extraction of lower third molar were prospectively, consecutively, and uniformly randomized into warm saline and chlorhexidine groups...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390826/estimation-of-date-of-death-through-wound-healing-of-an-extraction-socket-a-case-report
#4
Joan Viciano, Ruggero D'Anastasio, Cristian D'Ovidio, Sara Costantini, Aldo Carnevale, Luigi Capasso
Surgical extraction of teeth due to dental pathologies is a relatively common procedure in modern man. The healing of the wound that results occurs in gradual and sequential stages, such that the analysis of this repair process can be very useful in forensic investigations on human remains. The following study reports on a particular case where the remodeling of a tooth socket allowed an estimation of the time that had elapsed from the day of the surgical extraction of the tooth to the time of death. The corpse was that of a woman of 34 years...
March 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388395/surgical-uprighting-is-a-successful-procedure-for-management-of-impacted-mandibular-second-molars
#5
Bonnie L Padwa, Rushil R Dang, Cory M Resnick
PURPOSE: Impacted mandibular second molars can cause caries and root resorption on adjacent molars and can lengthen orthodontic treatment. Surgical uprighting is one management option. The purposes of this study were to 1) evaluate radiographic outcomes for surgical uprighting of impacted mandibular second molars and 2) propose an etiology for impaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients who had surgical uprighting of mandibular second molars and had preoperative and at least 12-month postoperative panoramic images and an age- and gender-matched control group of patients undergoing routine orthodontic treatment...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377664/diagnosis-and-management-of-hidden-caries-in-a-primary-molar-tooth
#6
Arwa Gera, Uri Zilberman
Hidden caries is a dentinal lesion beneath the dentinoenamel junction, visible on radiographs. A single report described this lesion in primary dentition. This case report describes a case of hidden caries in a mandibular second primary molar, misdiagnosed as malignant swelling. A 3-year-old white girl was referred to the Department of Pediatric Dentistry with a chief complaint of pain and extraoral swelling on the right side of the mandible for the last 3 months. She was earlier referred to the surgical department for biopsy of the lesion...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377353/-effect-of-aging-on-proliferative-and-differentiation-capacity-of-human-periodontal-ligament-stem-cells
#7
Ting-Ting DU, Na Liu, Wei Zhang, Hai-Gang Shi, Tong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of aging on the proliferative and differentiation capacity of human periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs). METHODS: Human periodontal ligament tissues were obtained from surgically extracted third molars from 6 subjects aged 18-20 years (group A) and 6 subjects aged 45-50 years (group B). The proliferative capacity of PDLSCs isolated from the tissues was examined with MTT assay, and the osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation capacity of the cells were evaluated using alizarin red staining and oil red O staining...
March 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343833/-consequences-of-impacted-wisdom-teeth-extraction-on-the-periodontal-environment-of-second-molars-a-pilot-study
#8
R Martin, A Louvrier, E Weber, B Chatelain, C Meyer
INTRODUCTION: Wisdom teeth extraction is a common procedure, generally considered as safe by patients. However, complications are possible, especially periodontal ones. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency and the consequences of periodontal complications at the level the 2nd molars after extraction of the wisdom teeth. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single-center retrospective observational multi-operator study was conducted at the university hospital of Besançon - France...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299267/postsurgical-consequences-in-lower-third-molar-surgical-extraction-using-micromotor-and-piezosurgery
#9
Freddy Kersi Mistry, Nidarsh Diwakar Hegde, Mithra Nidarsh Hegde
BACKGROUND: One of the most critical and crucial steps in surgical extraction is cutting the bone or osteotomy, for which many techniques are used, e.g., chisels and mallet, rotary instruments, and ultrasound bone-cutting instruments. If they are not used judiciously, they can be hazardous. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficiency of piezosurgery unit over micromotor while performing surgical extraction of lower third molars by assessing the time taken for the surgery and measuring postoperative parameters such as pain, trismus, and swelling...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294694/the-effects-of-transcutaneous-and-intraoral-low-level-laser-therapy-after-extraction-of-lower-third-molars-a-randomized-single-blind-placebo-controlled-dual-center-study
#10
Sevil Altundag Kahraman, Sedat Cetiner, Robert A Strauss
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: The surgical removal of impacted third molars is one of the most common procedures performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. The purpose of this study is to determine whether either transcutaneous or intraoral low-level laser therapy (LLLT) reduces postoperative pain and assists in the healing of mandibular third molar extraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized, placebo controlled, single-blind, split-mouth design study was conducted on 60 patients with full bony impacted similar position mandibular third molars bilaterally...
March 14, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286381/rotary-instrument-or-piezoelectric-for-the-removal-of-third-molars-a-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Rafael Alvim Magesty, Endi Lanza Galvão, Carolina de Castro Martins, Cássio Roberto Rocha Dos Santos, Saulo Gabriel Moreira Falci
AIM: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare, in the lower third molar surgery, the osteotomy techniques with rotary instruments and piezoelectric motors. METHODS: An electronic search was conducted using the following databases: Pubmed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register. Inclusion criteria were: studies in humans, randomized or nonrandomized, comparing the extraction of third molars that required osteotomy and/or odontosection with rotary instrument and osteotomy and/or odontosection with piezoelectric motor assistance...
March 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265473/treatment-of-class-iii-malocclusion-atypical-extraction-protocol
#12
Fernando Pedrin Carvalho Ferreira, Maiara da Silva Goulart, Renata Rodrigues de Almeida-Pedrin, Ana Claudia de Castro Ferreira Conti, Maurício de Almeida Cardoso
The treatment of Angle Class III malocclusion is rather challenging, because the patient's growth pattern determines the success of long-term treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment are still highly discussed issues in orthodontic literature. This type of early intervention has been indicated more frequently in order to eliminate primary etiological factors and prevent an already present malocclusion from becoming severe. However, when a patient is diagnosed in adulthood, manipulation of the bone bases becomes extremely limited, as there is no longer any potential for growth...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258920/odontogenic-sinusitis-maxillaris-a-retrospective-study-of-121-cases-with-surgical-intervention
#13
Matthias Zirk, Timo Dreiseidler, Matthias Pohl, Daniel Rothamel, Johannes Buller, Franziska Peters, Joachim E Zöller, Matthias Kreppel
PURPOSE: Otolaryngologists, dentists and maxilla-facial surgeons see patients suffering from odontogenic maxillary sinusitis on a daily routine. The study was performed to investigate the different origins of the odontogenic maxillary sinusitis ranging from periodontitis to augmentative implant surgery. Furthermore, the microbial flora of purulent odontogenic maxillary sinusitis was analyzed in order to present a proper antibiotic treatment in addition to a surgical approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed, analyzing the clinical trials of 121 patients suffering from odontogenic maxillary sinusitis who undergone surgery...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251102/incidence-of-distal-caries-in-mandibular-second-molars-due-to-impacted-third-molars-nonintervention-strategy-of-asymptomatic-third-molars-causes-harm-a-retrospective-study
#14
Nikhil Srivastava, Akshay Shetty, Rahul Dev Goswami, Vijay Apparaju, Vivek Bagga, Saurabh Kale
BACKGROUND: Removal of impacted third molars is the most common oral surgical procedure. Many investigators have questioned the necessity of removal in patients who are free of symptoms or associated pathologies. AIM: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the incidence of caries on distal aspect of mandibular second molars in patients referred for corresponding third molar assessment and to identify its association with angular position and depth of the impacted mandibular third molars based on the classification of Pell and Gregory...
January 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247086/tsg-6-secreted-by-mesenchymal-stem-cells-suppresses-immune-reactions-influenced-by-bmp-2-through-p38-and-mek-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-pathway
#15
Soyoun Um, Hui Young Kim, Joo-Hee Lee, In-Seok Song, Byoung Moo Seo
Bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) has a critical function in bone and cartilage development and in repairing damaged organs and tissue. However, clinical use of BMP-2 at doses of 0.5-1 mg/ml for orthopedics has been associated with severe postoperative swelling requiring emergency surgical intervention. We determined whether a high concentration of BMP-2 induces inflammatory responses in macrophages and the suppression of osteogenesis in hMSCs. We obtained human periodontal ligament stem cells and bone marrow stem cells from the maxilla, i...
February 28, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236425/efficacy-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-after-mandibular-third-molar-extraction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Faez Saleh Al-Hamed, Mohamed Abdel-Monem Tawfik, Ehab Abdelfadil, Mohammed A Q Al-Saleh
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on the healing process of the alveolar socket after surgical extraction of the mandibular third molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scopus, and relevant journals were searched using a combination of specific keywords ("platelet-rich fibrin," "oral surgery," and "third molar"). The final search was conducted on November 2, 2015. Randomized controlled clinical trials, as well as controlled clinical trials, aimed at comparing the effect of PRF versus natural healing after extraction of mandibular third molars were included...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219630/early-complications-from-the-use-of-calcium-phosphate-paste-in-mandibular-lengthening-surgery-a-retrospective-study
#17
Erica Coppey, Maurice Y Mommaerts
PURPOSE: Calcium phosphate paste is used in mandibular lengthening surgery to avoid unesthetic notching at the lower border and to help stabilize the segments when osteosynthesis slippage is a concern. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the hardened paste increases the incidence of infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of medical charts of all patients who underwent a bilateral sagittal split osteotomy from February 2012 through July 2015...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217540/correlating-the-clinical-assessment-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molars-with-panoramic-radiograph-and-intraoral-periapical-radiograph
#18
P Vani Priya, Fazil A Nasyam, M Ramprasad, Narendra V Penumatsa, Syed Akifuddin, Sandeep
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to compare the clinical assessment of impacted third molars of mandible with panaromic radiograph (OPG) and intraoral periapical radiograph (IOPA) and to assess the efficacy of IOPA and. Moreover, we corroborated the OPG and IOPA findings of impacted mandiblar third molar root apex to inferior alveolar canal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 200 patients with pericoronitis were examined who were indicated for surgical extraction, among which 50 patients were selected for the study...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154747/microscopic-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-oral-microbiota-on-the-development-of-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws-in-rats
#19
Felipe M Silveira, Adriana Etges, Marcos B Correa, Ana Carolina U Vasconcelos
OBJECTIVES: Osteonecrosis of the jaws is a side effect associated with the use of bisphosphonates. Using histologic analysis, this study aimed to evaluate the influence of microbial colonies in the development of osteonecrosis in the jaws of rats subjected to nitrogenous and non-nitrogenous bisphosphonates, undergoing surgical procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-four rats (Rattus norvegicus, Wistar strain) were allocated randomly into three groups: 12 animals treated with zoledronic acid; 12 animals treated with clodronate; and 10 animals treated with saline...
October 2016: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142008/mandibular-sagittal-split-osteotomy-for-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-teeth-indications-surgical-pitfalls-and-final-outcome
#20
Zulma Catherine, Paolo Scolozzi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the indications for mandibular sagittal split osteotomy (MSSO) for the removal of impacted mandibular teeth and to evaluate the surgical pitfalls and final outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective case-series study, radiologic and clinical data of all patients who underwent MSSO for the removal of impacted mandibular teeth between 2008 and 2015 at the University Hospitals of Geneva were reviewed. The primary outcome variables were 1) the indication for the removal of impacted mandibular teeth by MSSO, 2) complications, and 3) surgical pitfalls...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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