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Fengxia Chang, Yang Yang, Xia Xie, Meixian Li, Zhiwei Zhu
The modification of inner surface has significant influence in the properties of the nano or microchannel based on various materials, especially for the ionic current rectification (ICR) that arises from the selective interaction between ions in solution and the inner surface. Herein, we demonstrate a simple strategy to asymmetrically modify the inner wall of a glassy biconical microchannel with silver, copper or gold by means of silver mirror reaction and polydopamine platform, respectively. And the bidirectional ionic current rectification phenomena were observed in all of the modified biconical microchannels...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
Njelembo J Mbewe, Rajinder K Saini, Baldwyn Torto, Janet Irungu, Abdullahi A Yusuf, Christian W W Pirk
BACKGROUND: Small targets comprising panels of blue and insecticide-treated black netting material each 0.25 × 0.25 m have been shown to attract and kill Glossina fuscipes fuscipes Newstead, 1910 (Diptera: Glossinidae) thereby reducing its population density by over 90% in field trials. However, their attractive ability has not been fully exploited for sampling purposes. Therefore, in this study we assessed the effectiveness of using sticky small targets as sampling tools for G. f. fuscipes in western Kenya...
April 25, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Joji Markose, Shruthi Eshwar, Suresh Srinivas, Vipin Jain
BACKGROUND: Short implants are preferred in cases of limited bone height. Length and design of implant credits to stability and implant success, shorter implants tend to survive for longer time duration. PURPOSE: Retrospective cohort study was conducted with an aim to assess the clinical outcome and cumulative survival rate of sloping shoulder implants over a period of 8 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was collected from all patients attending private clinics in Dubai, UAE...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
H D Zhang, L Zhang, D Shi, J Han, X Yan, Y S Xie, H X Meng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the survival rate and peri-implant clinical parameters of Locking-Taper implants in patients having lost their teeth due to non-periodontitis (NP) reasons, chronic periodontitis (CP) and aggressive periodontitis (AgP). METHODS: In the study, 145 subjects were installed with 315 Bicon Locking-Taper implants and followed up for 1-5 years. The subjects and implants were classified into three groups, tooth loss by NP, CP and AgP. NP included 44 subjects with 100 implants, CP 70 subjects with 132 implants and AgP 31 subjects with 83 implants...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
José M Zamora, Ronald Marquez, Ana M Forgiarini, Dominique Langevin, Jean-Louis Salager
When surfactants adsorb at liquid interfaces, they not only decrease the surface tension, they confer rheological properties to the interfaces. There are two types of rheological parameters associated to interfacial layers: compression and shear. The elastic response is described by a storage modulus and the dissipation by a loss modulus or equivalently a surface viscosity. Various types of instruments are available for the measurements of these coefficients, the most common being oscillating pendent drops instruments and rheometers equipped with bicones...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
B Huang, L Zhang, L Xu, W Zhu, L Witek, N Tovar, P-G Coelho, H Meng
BACKGROUND: The subcrestal placement of implant platform has been considered a key factor in the preservation of crestal bone, but the influence of implant placement depth on bone remodeling combined with peri-implantitis is not fully understood. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the crestal or subcrestal placement of implants on peri-implant bone defects of ligature-induced peri-implantitis in dogs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight weeks after tooth extraction in six beagle dogs, two different types of implants (A: OsseoSpeed(TM), Astra, Molndal, Sweden; B: Integra-CP(TM), Bicon, Boston, USA) were placed at either crestal or subcrestal (-1...
January 1, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Njelembo J Mbewe, Rajinder K Saini, Baldwyn Torto, Janet Irungu, Abdullahi A Yusuf, Christian Pirk
Displacement rates of tsetse affect performance of targets during vector control. Fly size, one of the indicators of population structure usually obtained from wing measurement, is among the determinants of displacement rates. Although recovery of tsetse in previous intervention areas has been widely reported, the population structure of tsetse that recover is rarely evaluated despite being associated with displacements rates. Previously, intervention trials had reduced tsetse densities by over 90% from >3 flies/trap/day to <1fly/trap/day on Big Chamaunga and Manga islands of Lake Victoria in western Kenya...
March 2018: Acta Tropica
Danny Vogel, Andreas Rathay, Stephanie Teufel, Martin Ellenrieder, Carmen Zietz, Manuela Sander, Rainer Bader
PURPOSE: In THA a sufficient primary implant stability is the precondition for successful secondary stability. Industrial foams of different densities have been used for primary stability investigations. The aim of this study was to analyse and compare the insertion behaviour of threaded and press-fit cups in vivo and ex vivo using bone substitutes with various densities. METHODS: Two threaded (Bicon Plus®, Trident® TC) and one press-fit cup (Trident PSL®) were inserted by orthopaedic surgeons (S1, S2) into 10, 20 and 31 pcf blocks, using modified surgical instruments allowing measurements of the insertion forces and torques...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
Yin Guo, Liqun Sun
A biconic White multipass cell (bi-WMPC), designed as a compact, zero-geometrical-loss, anastigmatic optical system, capably used with an extended divergent source, is proposed. First, a skew ray-tracing model is developed for a conventional White-type multipass cell (WMPC), based on which the astigmatism is calculated, together with its sensitivity coefficients in relation to all-important optical structural parameters in various configurations. Next, a generalized bi-WMPC is designed to suppress the astigmatism, which leads to much smaller reflection spots on the field mirror compared to the conventional design...
September 20, 2017: Applied Optics
Urban Tillmann, Mona Hoppenrath, Marc Gottschling, Wolf-Henning Kusber, Malte Elbrächter
One of the most common marine dinophytes is a species known as Heterocapsa triquetra. When Stein introduced the taxon Heterocapsa, he formally based the type species H. triquetra on the basionym Glenodinium triquetrum. The latter was described by Ehrenberg and is most likely a species of Kryptoperidinium. In addition to that currently unresolved nomenclatural situation, the thecal plate composition of H. triquetra sensu Stein (1883) was controversial in the past. To clarify the debate, we collected material and established the strain UTKG7 from the Baltic Sea off Kiel (Germany, the same locality as Stein had studied), which was investigated using light and electron microscopy, and whose systematic position was inferred using molecular phylogenetics...
December 2017: Journal of Phycology
M Ranuša, J Gallo, M Hobza, M Vrbka, D Nečas, M Hartl
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY By 7th December 2016, 4,755 Bicon-Plus cups in total were implanted in the Czech Republic. Some of them have been continuously re-operated, while the most frequent reason of failure is polyethylene wear and aseptic loosening. The present study is focused on surface analysis of retrieved polyethylene Bicon-Plus cups and the determination of the roughness of their bearing surfaces. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study, we had 13 high molecular weight polyethylene cups with the average time in situ of 8...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
Mahamat Hissene Mahamat, Mallaye Peka, Jean-Baptiste Rayaisse, Kat S Rock, Mahamat Abdelrahim Toko, Justin Darnas, Guihini Mollo Brahim, Ali Bachar Alkatib, Wilfrid Yoni, Inaki Tirados, Fabrice Courtin, Samuel P C Brand, Cyrus Nersy, Idriss Oumar Alfaroukh, Steve J Torr, Mike J Lehane, Philippe Solano
BACKGROUND: Gambian sleeping sickness or HAT (human African trypanosomiasis) is a neglected tropical disease caused by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense transmitted by riverine species of tsetse. A global programme aims to eliminate the disease as a public health problem by 2020 and stop transmission by 2030. In the South of Chad, the Mandoul area is a persistent focus of Gambian sleeping sickness where around 100 HAT cases were still diagnosed and treated annually until 2013. Pre-2014, control of HAT relied solely on case detection and treatment, which lead to a gradual decrease in the number of cases of HAT due to annual screening of the population...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Joji Markose, S Suresh, Shruthi Eshwar, K Rekha, Vipin Jain, Supriya Manvi
INTRODUCTION: Comparison of platform switched (PS), sloping shoulder, and regular implants on stress reduction in various bone densities with finite element analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 12 three-dimensional finite element models were built to analyze the stress distribution model. Nobel Biocare 4.3 × 8 mm regular platform replace select implant with matching diameter easy abutment, Nobel Biocare 4.3 × 8 mm replace select implant PS with 3.5 mm diameter easy abutment, Bicon 4 × 8 mm implant with 4 mm diameter sloping shoulder abutments were created virtually in compact bone density using software...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
H Li, S Zhang, X M Wang, J H Lin, B L Kou
INTRODUCTION: The need for better durability and longevity in total hip arthroplasty for patients with various hip joint diseases remains a challenge. This study aimed to obtain medium-term results at a follow-up of >10 years for Zweymüller-Plus total hip arthroplasty with ceramic-on-polyethylene bearing. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted to review the results after a minimum of 12.4 years of 207 consecutive total hip arthroplasties in 185 patients in Peking University People's Hospital in China using the Zweymüller SL-Plus stem in combination with the Bicon-Plus threaded cup and ceramic-on-polyethylene bearing between October 1994 and April 2000...
March 10, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
Rahmeto Abebe, Solomon Gute, Ijigu Simon
African animal trypanosomosis (AAT) is a parasitic disease that causes serious economic losses in livestock from anemia, loss of condition, emaciation and death in untreated cases. It is one of the major constraints to improved livestock production and productivity in Ethiopia. Entomological and parasitological surveys were conducted in the Omo-Ghibe tsetse belt of south Ethiopia to estimate the prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis and the apparent tsetse density (AD), and identify the potential risk factors...
March 2017: Acta Tropica
Daniel K Weber, Marc-Antoine Sani, Matthew T Downton, Frances Separovic, F Richard Keene, J Grant Collins
Dinuclear polypyridylruthenium(II) complexes bridged by a flexible methylene linker have received considerable interest as potential antibacterial agents. Their potency and uptake into bacterial cells is directly modulated by the length of the bridging linker, which has implicated membrane interactions as an essential feature of their mechanism of action. In this work, a combination of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and solid-state NMR was used to present an atomistic model of a polypyridylruthenium(II) complex bound and incorporated into a bacterial membrane model...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Michael Clayton May, Paul Nielsen Andrews, Shadi Daher, Uday Nitin Reebye
BACKGROUND: Oral health care of patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a growing area of concern, taking into consideration the increased life expectancy of patients resulting from antiretroviral therapy. There is insufficient literature regarding the impact of dental implants in AIDS patients. This study investigated the long-term clinical outcome of implant placement in patients diagnosed with AIDS. METHODS: This monocentric study included AIDS patients with CD4 <200 cells/μL, age 18 years or older, and a minimum of one edentulous space requiring implant...
December 2016: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
Yongji Mu, Juan Du, Zhongguo Yang, Yanguang Sun, Jiqiao Liu, Xia Hou, Weibiao Chen
The design process and simulation method of a multipass absorption cell used for the frequency stabilization of the reference seeder laser in integrated path differential absorption (IPDA) lidar are presented. On the basis of the fundamental theory of the Herriott multipass cell comprising two spherical mirrors, the initial parameters of the multipass cell, which has an optical path greater than 10 m and consists of two biconic mirrors, were calculated. More than 30 light spots were distributed on each mirror, and the distance between adjacent spots was mostly optimized to greater than six times the beam waist...
September 1, 2016: Applied Optics
Rita E Monson, Yosuke Tashiro, George P C Salmond
Gas vesicles are intracellular proteinaceous organelles that facilitate bacterial colonization of static water columns. In the enterobacterium Serratia sp. ATCC 39006, gas vesicle formation requires the proteins GvpA1, GvpF1, GvpG, GvpA2, GvpK, GvpA3, GvpF2 and GvpF3 and the three gas vesicle regulatory proteins GvrA, GvrB and GvrC. Deletion of gvpC alters gas vesicle robustness and deletion of gvpN or gvpV results in small bicone vesicles. In this work, we assessed the impacts on gas vesicle formation when each of these 14 essential proteins was overexpressed...
September 2016: Microbiology
Fengxia Chang, Xia Xie, Meixian Li, Zhiwei Zhu
A simple, cheap and practicable miniaturized electrochemical device based on a biconical microchannel was developed, for which only 1 μL sample solution was needed to implement a typical electrochemical experiment. The practicability of the designed device was validated by detecting uric acid as a model molecule in human serum.
August 2, 2016: Analyst
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