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TRPV4

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687525/smd-kozlowski-type-caused-by-p-arg594his-substitution-in-trpv4-reveals-abnormal-ossification-and-notochordal-remnants-in-discs-and-vertebrae
#1
Tadeusz Bieganski, Peter Beighton, Maciej Lukaszewski, Krzysztof Bik, Lukasz Kuszel, Ewa Wasilewska, Kazimierz Kozlowski, Malwina Czarny-Ratajczak
Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia Kozlowski type (SMDK) is a monogenic disorder within the TRPV4 dysplasia spectrum and has characteristic spinal and metaphyseal involvement. We report skeletal MR imaging in a two-year-old patient who manifested typical clinical and radiographic features of SMDK. The diagnosis was confirmed by molecular analysis which revealed a mutation NM_021625.4:c.1781G > A - p.(Arg594His) in exon 11 of the TRPV4 gene. We have documented abnormalities in endochondral formation of the long and short tubular bones as well as round bones of the wrists and feet...
July 4, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669932/cough-and-airway-disease-the-role-of-ion-channels
#2
REVIEW
Sara J Bonvini, Maria G Belvisi
Cough is the most common reason for patients to visit a primary care physician, yet it remains an unmet medical need. It can be idiopathic in nature but can also be a troublesome symptom across chronic lung diseases such as asthma, COPD and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Chronic cough affects up to 12% of the population and yet there are no safe and effective therapies. The cough reflex is regulated by vagal, sensory afferent nerves which innervate the airway. The Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) family of ion channels are expressed on sensory nerve terminals, and when activated can evoke cough...
June 29, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668937/ca-2-influx-through-the-trpv4-channel-controls-collagen-remodelling
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663724/activation-of-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-4-impairs-the-dendritic-arborization-of-newborn-neurons-in-the-hippocampal-dentate-gyrus-through-the-ampk-and-akt-signaling-pathways
#4
Yujing Tian, Mengwen Qi, Zhouqing Wang, Chunfeng Wu, Zhen Sun, Yingchun Li, Sha Sha, Yimei Du, Lei Chen, Ling Chen
Neurite growth is an important process for the adult hippocampal neurogenesis which is regulated by a specific range of the intracellular free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i). Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) is a calcium-permeable channel and activation of it causes an increase in [Ca(2+)]i. We recently reported that TRPV4 activation promotes the proliferation of stem cells in the adult hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG). The present study aimed to examine the effect of TRPV4 activation on the dendrite morphology of newborn neurons in the adult hippocampal DG...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655604/melatonin-synthesis-in-the-human-ciliary-body-triggered-by-trpv4-activation-involvement-of-aanat-phosphorylation
#5
Hanan Awad Alkozi, María J Perez de Lara, Jesús Pintor
Melatonin is a substance synthesized in the pineal gland as well as in other organs. This substance is involved in many ocular functions, giving its synthesis in numerous eye structures. Melatonin is synthesized from serotonin through two enzymes, the first limiting step into the synthesis of melatonin being aralkylamine N-acetyltransferase (AANAT). In this current study, AANAT phosphorylation after the activation of TRPV4 was studied using human non-pigmented epithelial ciliary body cells. Firstly, it was necessary to determine the adequate time and dose of the TRPV4 agonist GSK1016790A to reach the maximal phosphorylation of AANAT...
June 24, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639721/trpv4-channels-contribute-to-calcium-transients-in-astrocytes-and-neurons-during-peri-infarct-depolarizations-in-a-stroke-model
#6
Cordula Rakers, Matthias Schmid, Gabor C Petzold
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and long-term disability. In the penumbra, that is, the area surrounding the infarct core, peri-infarct depolarizations (PIDs) are accompanied by strong intracellular calcium elevations in astrocytes and neurons, thereby negatively affecting infarct size and clinical outcome. The dynamics of PIDs and the cellular pathways that are involved during PID formation and progression remain incompletely understood. We have previously shown that inositol triphosphate-gated calcium release from internal stores is a major component of PID-related astroglial calcium signals, but whether external calcium influx through membrane-localized channels also contributes to PIDs has remained unclear...
June 22, 2017: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612138/transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-4-trpv4-channel-as-a-target-of-crotamiton-and-its-bimodal-effects
#7
Hiroki Kittaka, Yu Yamanoi, Makoto Tominaga
The sensation of itching can be defined as "an unpleasant cutaneous sensation that provokes a desire to scratch." The perception of itching is not critical for the maintenance of life, but persistent itching can be extremely irritating and decreases the quality of life. Crotamiton (N-ethyl-o-crotonotoluidide) has been used as an anti-itch agent for humans for around 70 years. In spite of the long use of crotamiton, its mechanism of action remains unknown. We hypothesized that crotamiton might have effects on transient receptor potential (TRP) channels expressed in the peripheral nervous system and the skin...
June 13, 2017: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606925/polarity-of-varicosity-initiation-in-central-neuron-mechanosensation
#8
Yuanzheng Gu, Peter Jukkola, Qian Wang, Thomas Esparza, Yi Zhao, David Brody, Chen Gu
Little is known about mechanical regulation of morphological and functional polarity of central neurons. In this study, we report that mechanical stress specifically induces varicosities in the axons but not the dendrites of central neurons by activating TRPV4, a Ca(2+)/Na(+)-permeable mechanosensitive channel. This process is unexpectedly rapid and reversible, consistent with the formation of axonal varicosities in vivo induced by mechanical impact in a mouse model of mild traumatic brain injury. In contrast, prolonged stimulation of glutamate receptors induces varicosities in dendrites but not in axons...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602913/trpv4-calcium-permeable-channel-is-a-novel-regulator-of-oxidized-ldl-induced-macrophage-foam-cell-formation
#9
Rishov Goswami, Michael Merth, Shweta Sharma, Mazen O Alharbi, Helim Aranda-Espinoza, Xiaoping Zhu, Shaik O Rahaman
Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of death in United States, and atherosclerosis, a chronic inflammatory arterial disease, is the most dominant underlying pathology. Macrophages are thought to orchestrate atherosclerosis by generating lipid-laden foam cells and by secreting inflammatory mediators. Emerging data support a role for a mechanical factor, e.g., matrix stiffness, in regulation of macrophage function, vascular elasticity, and atherogenesis. However, the identity of the plasma membrane mechanosensor and the mechanisms by which pro-atherogenic signals are transduced/maintained are unknown...
June 8, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601949/autosomal-dominant-brachyolmia-transient-metaphyseal-striations
#10
Yun-Jung Lim, Hye-Ran Lee, Ok-Hwa Kim, Tae-Joon Cho, Kun-Bo Park
We report transient proximal and distal femoral metaphyseal striations that have not previously been described in autosomal dominant brachyolmia. The pelvis/hip radiograph of a 13-year-old boy demonstrated bilaterally symmetrical proximal femoral metaphyseal vertical striations. Additional vertical striations were also observed at the distal femur and proximal tibia metaphysis. Radiography of the thoracolumbar spine demonstrated platyspondyly with irregular endplates and overfaced pedicles. TRPV4 mutations were confirmed in this patient...
September 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599589/expressions-of-trpvs-in-the-cholesteatoma-epithelium
#11
Ba Hung Do, Hiroki Koizumi, Toyoaki Ohbuchi, Rintaro Kawaguchi, Hideaki Suzuki
OBJECTIVE: We have recently proposed a hypothesis that acid leakage through the cholesteatoma epithelium mediates bone resorption in middle ear cholesteatoma. In the present study, we investigated the expressions of transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) channels, which have been shown to play roles in the regulation of epidermal barrier function, in the cholesteatoma epithelium in comparison with the normal skin. METHODS: Cholesteatoma epithelium and postauricular skin were collected from 17 patients with primary acquired middle ear cholesteatoma who underwent tympanomastoidectomy...
June 9, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597396/trpv4-activation-contributes-functional-recovery-from-ischemic-stroke-via-angiogenesis-and-neurogenesis
#12
Chun-Kai Chen, Po-Yuan Hsu, Tzu-Ming Wang, Zhi-Feng Miao, Ruey-Tay Lin, Suh-Hang H Juo
The endothelial transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 4 (TRPV4) plays a crucial role in vascular remodeling; however, TRPV4-mediated angiogenesis after ischemic neuronal death as a neurorestorative strategy has not yet been thoroughly examined. In this study, we first tested whether TRPV4 activation can improve functional recovery in rats subjected to transient brain ischemia. The possible mechanisms for TRPV4 activation-promoted functional recovery were explored. A TRPV4 agonist, 4α-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate (4α-PDD), was intravenously injected via the tail vein at 6 h and 1, 2, 3, 4 days after ischemic stroke...
June 9, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542130/activation-of-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-4-involves-in-hypoxia-reoxygenation-injury-in-cardiomyocytes
#13
Qiong-Feng Wu, Cheng Qian, Ning Zhao, Qian Dong, Jing Li, Bin-Bin Wang, Lei Chen, Lixiu Yu, Bing Han, Yi-Mei Du, Yu-Hua Liao
Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) is highly expressed in heart and vessels and can be activated during myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Recently, we found that treatment with a selective TRPV4 antagonist HC-067047 significantly reduced infarct size, decreased troponin T levels and improved cardiac function in murine model myocardial I/R. This study was undertaken to investigate the mechanism underlying TRPV4-mediated myocardial I/R injury. To mimic myocardial I/R injury, we established a hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) model in H9C2 cells and neonatal rat ventricle myocytes (NRVMs) in vitro...
May 25, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536481/trpv4-dependent-induction-of-a-novel-mammalian-cold-inducible-protein-srsf5-as-well-as-cirp-and-rbm3
#14
Takanori Fujita, Hiroaki Higashitsuji, Hisako Higashitsuji, Yu Liu, Katsuhiko Itoh, Toshiharu Sakurai, Takahiro Kojima, Shuya Kandori, Hiroyuki Nishiyama, Motoi Fukumoto, Manabu Fukumoto, Koji Shibasaki, Jun Fujita
Cold-inducible RNA-binding protein (CIRP) and RNA-binding motif protein 3 (RBM3) are two evolutionarily conserved RNA-binding proteins that are structurally related to hnRNPs and upregulated in response to moderately low temperatures in mammalian cells. Although contributions of splicing efficiency, the gene promoters activated upon mild hypothermia and the transcription factor Sp1 to induction of CIRP have been reported, precise mechanisms by which hypothermia and other stresses induce the expression of mammalian cold-inducible proteins (CIPs) are poorly understood...
May 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530703/trpv4-plays-a-role-in-breast-cancer-cell-migration-via-ca-2-dependent-activation-of-akt-and-downregulation-of-e-cadherin-cell-cortex-protein
#15
W H Lee, L Y Choong, T H Jin, N N Mon, S Chong, C S Liew, T Putti, S Y Lu, C Harteneck, Y P Lim
TRPV4 belongs to the 'Transient Receptor Potential' (TRP) superfamily. It has been identified to profoundly affect a variety of physiological processes, including nociception, heat sensation and inflammation. Unlike other TRP superfamily channels, its role in cancers are unknown until recently when we reported TRPV4 to be required for cancer cell softness that may promote breast cancer cell extravasation and metastasis. Here, we elucidated the molecular mechanisms mediated by TRPV4 in the metastatic breast cancer cells...
May 22, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528666/role-of-nonneuronal-trpv4-signaling-in-inflammatory-processes
#16
Pradeep Rajasekhar, Daniel P Poole, Nicholas A Veldhuis
Transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channels are important signaling components in nociceptive and inflammatory pathways. This is attributed to their ability to function as polymodal sensors of environmental stimuli (chemical and mechanical) and as effector molecules in receptor signaling pathways. TRP vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) is a nonselective cation channel that is activated by multiple endogenous stimuli including shear stress, membrane stretch, and arachidonic acid metabolites. TRPV4 contributes to many important physiological processes and dysregulation of its activity is associated with chronic conditions of metabolism, inflammation, peripheral neuropathies, musculoskeletal development, and cardiovascular regulation...
2017: Advances in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526784/trpv4-mediates-the-ca-2-influx-required-for-the-interaction-between-flightless-1-and-non-muscle-myosin-and-collagen-remodeling
#17
Pamma D Arora, Madeleine Di Gregorio, Pei He, Christopher A McCulloch
Fibroblasts remodel extracellular matrix collagen, in part, through phagocytosis. This process requires formation of cell extensions, which in turn involves interaction of the actin-binding protein flightless-1 (FliI) with non-muscle myosin IIA (NMMIIA; heavy chain encoded by MYH9) at cell-matrix adhesion sites. As Ca(2+) plays a central role in controlling actomyosin-dependent functions, we examined how Ca(2+) controls the generation of cell extensions and collagen remodeling. Ratio fluorimetry demonstrated localized Ca(2+) influx at the extensions of fibroblasts...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523109/discovery-of-gsk2193874-an-orally-active-potent-and-selective-blocker-of-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-4
#18
Mui Cheung, Weike Bao, David J Behm, Carl A Brooks, Michael J Bury, Sarah E Dowdell, Hilary S Eidam, Ryan M Fox, Krista B Goodman, Dennis A Holt, Dennis Lee, Theresa J Roethke, Robert N Willette, Xiaoping Xu, Guosen Ye, Kevin S Thorneloe
Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) is a member of the Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) superfamily of cation channels. TRPV4 is expressed in the vascular endothelium in the lung and regulates the integrity of the alveolar septal barrier. Increased pulmonary vascular pressure evokes TRPV4-dependent pulmonary edema, and therefore, inhibition of TRPV4 represents a novel approach for the treatment of pulmonary edema associated with conditions such as congestive heart failure. Herein we report the discovery of an orally active, potent, and selective TRPV4 blocker, 3-(1,4'-bipiperidin-1'-ylmethyl)-7-bromo-N-(1-phenylcyclopropyl)-2-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-4-quinolinecarboxamide (GSK2193874, 28) after addressing an unexpected off-target cardiovascular liability observed from in vivo studies...
May 11, 2017: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523001/the-role-of-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-4-in-pulmonary-inflammatory-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Rachel G Scheraga, Brian D Southern, Lisa M Grove, Mitchell A Olman
Ion channels/pumps are essential regulators of organ homeostasis and disease. In the present review, we discuss the role of the mechanosensitive cation channel, transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4), in cytokine secretion and pulmonary inflammatory diseases such as asthma, cystic fibrosis (CF), and acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). TRPV4 has been shown to play a role in lung diseases associated with lung parenchymal stretch or stiffness. TRPV4 indirectly mediates hypotonicity-induced smooth muscle contraction and airway remodeling in asthma...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512088/trpv4-in-the-battle-of-the-sexes
#20
Caitlin Sedwick
New JGP paper explains sexual dimorphism and tissue-specific activity of TRPV4.
June 5, 2017: Journal of General Physiology
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