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Hyperuricemia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790110/prevalence-of-hyperuricemia-and-its-associated-factors-in-the-general-korean-population-an-analysis-of-a-population-based-nationally-representative-sample
#1
Yunkyung Kim, Jihun Kang, Geun-Tae Kim
Hyperuricemia is not only a risk factor for gout but also an independent determinant of hypertension, diabetes, and chronic kidney diseases. Although the incidence of gout in Korean adults is increasing, epidemiologic studies on hyperuricemia in the general Korean population are limited. Thus, this study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of hyperuricemia and its associated factors among non-institutionalized Korean adults. The present study included 5548 participants (2403 men and 3145 women) aged ≥ 19 years from The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790109/value-of-three-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-to-assess-left-ventricular-function-in-hyperuricemia-patients
#2
Xiaojie Zhang, Qing Lu, Zhuojun Zhang, Yongle Chen, Yanan Wang, Youngshi Wang, Zheng Li, Lindi Jiang
To assess the value of three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3D STE) in evaluating the left ventricular (LV) function in hyperuricemia patients. We enrolled 15 healthy controls and 40 hyperuricemia patients and collected and analyzed full-volume 3D STE images of the left ventricle in the apical four-chamber heart view. Laboratory tests and 3D STE parameters, including left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular end-diastolic volume, left ventricular end-systolic volume, stroke volume (SV), global longitudinal strain (GLS), and global circumferential strain (GCS), were compared between hyperuricemia patients and healthy controls...
May 22, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785038/reduced-peak-stimulated-growth-hormone-is-associated-with-hyperuricemia-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#3
Shuang Liang, Dejian Zhang, Jianhong Qi, Xiaobo Song, Jiang Xue
The purpose of the study is to investigate whether reduced peak GH response to arginine-levodopa test is associated with hyperuricemia in obese children and adolescents. The study population consisted of a total sample of 78 obese and 30 normal-weight children and adolescents without known hypopituitarism. All participants underwent clinical examination and GH stimulation testing. IGF-1, lipid profile and other metabolic markers were assessed. The obese subjects were then divided into two groups according to the serum levels of uric acid...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784615/autosomal-dominant-tubulointerstitial-kidney-disease-clinical-presentation-of-patients-with-adtkd-umod-and-adtkd-muc1
#4
Nadia Ayasreh, Gemma Bullich, Rosa Miquel, Mónica Furlano, Patricia Ruiz, Laura Lorente, Oliver Valero, Miguel Angel García-González, Nisrine Arhda, Intza Garin, Víctor Martínez, Vanessa Pérez-Gómez, Xavier Fulladosa, David Arroyo, Alberto Martínez-Vea, Mario Espinosa, Jose Ballarín, Elisabet Ars, Roser Torra
RATIONALE & OBJECTIVE: Autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease (ADTKD) is a rare underdiagnosed cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). ADTKD is caused by mutations in at least 4 different genes: MUC1, UMOD, HNF1B, and REN. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 56 families (131 affected individuals) with ADTKD referred from different Spanish hospitals. Clinical, laboratory, radiologic, and pathologic data were collected, and genetic testing for UMOD, MUC1, REN, and HNF1B was performed...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782303/clindamycin-induced-maculopapular-exanthema-with-preferential-involvement-of-striae-distensae-a-koebner-phenomenon
#5
Benigno Monteagudo, Miguel Cabanillas, Pilar Iriarte, Aquilina Ramírez-Santos, Elvira León-Muinos, Daniel González-Vilas, Óscar Suárez-Amor
Clindamycin is a lincomycin-derived antibiotic useful for the treatment of anaerobic and Gram-positive aerobic bacterial infections. Cutaneous adverse reactions are usually maculopapular exanthemas, although hypersensitivity syndrome, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis, and Stevens-Johnson syndrome have also been reported (1). We report the case of a patient with a maculopapular rash triggered by clindamycin who developed cutaneous lesions on striae distensae (SD). A 47-year-old woman was referred to our clinic for pruritic cutaneous lesions which had started 6 days earlier...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781721/current-prescription-status-of-antihypertensive-drugs-in-japanese-patients-with-hypertension-analysis-by-type-of-comorbidities
#6
Takayuki Ishida, Akinori Oh, Shinzo Hiroi, Yukio Shimasaki, Takuya Tsuchihashi
In 2014, the Japanese Society of Hypertension (JSH) issued revised guidelines for hypertension management. To assess adherence to the guidelines, this retrospective study evaluated the real-world status of antihypertensive drug prescribing for Japanese patients with hypertension, classified by comorbidity: diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, gout/hyperuricemia and renal diseases. Data on 59,867 hypertensive patients who received their first prescription for antihypertensive therapy between April 2014 and March 2015, were obtained from a medical insurance claims database for hospitals participating in the Diagnosis Procedure Combination/Per-Diem payment system...
May 21, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780394/monosodium-urate-crystals-activate-the-inflammasome-in-primary-progressive-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Federica Piancone, Marina Saresella, Ivana Marventano, Francesca La Rosa, Maria Antonia Santangelo, Domenico Caputo, Laura Mendozzi, Marco Rovaris, Mario Clerici
Inflammasome-driven inflammation is postulated to play a role in multiple sclerosis (MS), but there is no direct evidence that the nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is involved in MS pathogenesis. Uric acid was shown to be one of the "danger" signals involved in the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome; notably, the concentration of uric acid is increased in the serum and in the cerebrospinal fluid of MS individuals. To better investigate the role of the NLRP3 inflammasome in MS-associated inflammation, we primed with lipopolysaccharide and stimulated with monosodium urate crystals PBMCs of 41 MS patients with different disease phenotypes...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779330/-tolerance-and-pharmacodynamics-phase-%C3%A2-clinical-trial-study-of-chimeric-anti-cd20-monoclonal-antibody-ibi301-in-chinese-patients-with-cd20-positive-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#8
B Jiang, J Y Qi, M Y Sun, Z J Li, W Liu, L J Liu, F K Zhang, L G Qiu
Objective: To evaluate the tolerance and safety of a human-mouse chimeric anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody IBI301 in Chinese patients achieved objective response with CD20(+) B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Methods: Nine patients with CD20(+) B-cell NHL received dose-escalating IBI301 infusions (250 mg/m(2), n =3; 375 mg/m(2), n =3; 500 mg/m(2), n =3, respectively). The data of all patients were collected for safety analyses. The median exposures of 125 mg/m(2), 375 mg/m(2), 500 mg/m(2) dose groups were 243, 690 and 980 mg, respectively...
April 14, 2018: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772470/synthesis-molecular-docking-and-xanthine-oxidase-inhibitory-activity-of-5-aryl-1h-tetrazoles
#9
Itrat Fatima, Humaira Zafar, Khalid Mohammed Khan, Syed Muhammad Saad, Sumaira Javaid, Shahnaz Perveen, M Iqbal Choudhary
5-Aryl-1H-tetrazoles (1-24) were synthesized and screened for their xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitory activity using allopurinol as standard inhibitor (IC50  = 2.0 ± 0.01 µM). Six compounds 3, 4, 5, 9, 21, and 24 exhibited significant to weak activities with IC50 values in the range of 7.4-174.2 µM. Active compounds were further subjected to kinetic and molecular docking studies to deduce their modes of inhibition, and to study their interactions with the protein (XO) at atomic level, respectively...
May 1, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770928/body-adiposity-index-lipid-accumulation-product-and-cardiometabolic-index-reveal-the-contribution-of-adiposity-phenotypes-in-the-risk-of-hyperuricemia-among-chinese-rural-population
#10
Haoyu Wang, Yingxian Sun, Shuze Wang, Hao Qian, Pengyu Jia, Yintao Chen, Zhao Li, Lijun Zhang
Adiposity phenotypes, estimated by higher body adiposity index (BAI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), and cardiometabolic index (CMI), has conferred increased metabolic risk. The relative contribution of BAI, LAP, and CMI in hyperuricemia, however, is unknown. We hypothesized that these obesity indicators would refine identification of hyperuricemia. Information on serum uric acid (SUA), fasting lipid profiles, and body adiposity measures (BAI, LAP, and CMI) were recorded in a cross-sectional population-based sample of 11,102 participants (≥ 35 years old) from China...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764035/-relationship-between-hyperuricemia-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-heart-failure-of-coronary-heart-disease-after-revascularization
#11
D Peng, S P Wang, D H Zhao, Q C Fan, J Shu, J H Liu
Objective: To explore the effect of hyperuricemia on prognosis in patients with heart failure of coronary heart disease (CHD) after revascularization. Methods: A single-center retrospective study of all subjects who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) as revascularization for CHD at Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, between January 2005 and December 2014 was performed.Patients were divided into two groups by with or without hyperuricemia...
May 8, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761242/safety-and-efficacy-of-benzbromarone-and-febuxostat-in-hyperuricemia-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-prospective-pilot-study
#12
Haibo Yu, Xinying Liu, Yaxiang Song, Jiafen Cheng, Hui Bao, Ling Qin, Xuan Zhou, Ling Wang, Ai Peng
BACKGROUND: To compare the safety and efficacy of benzbromarone and febuxostat in hyperuricemia patients with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) 20-60 mL/min/1.73 m2 . METHODS: This study was a single-centered, parallel-grouped, randomized clinical trial (RCT). We randomly assigned hyperuricemia participants with eGFR 20-60 mL/min/1.73 m2 into benzbromarone and febuxostat treatment group. Drugs were adjusted by titration from small doses. RESULTS: Seventy-three eligible participants enrolled, 66 subjects (33 in each group) were included finally for analysis...
May 14, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761031/insights-in-public-health-hyperuricemia-and-gout-in-hawai-i
#13
Mika D Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753403/clinical-studies-of-interventions-to-mitigate-cardiovascular-risk-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#14
REVIEW
Dev Jegatheesan, Yeoungjee Cho, David W Johnson
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is highly prevalent in the peritoneal dialysis (PD) population, affecting up to 60% of cohorts. CVD is the primary cause of death in up to 40% of PD patients in Australia, New Zealand, and the United States. Cardiovascular mortality rates are reported to be approximately 14 per 100 patient-years, which are 10- to 20-fold greater than those of age- and sex-matched controls. The excess risk of CVD is related to a combination of traditional risk factors (such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity, smoking, sedentary lifestyle, and insulin resistance), nontraditional (kidney disease-related) risk factors (such as anemia, chronic volume overload, inflammation, malnutrition, hyperuricemia, and mineral and bone disorder), and PD-specific risk factors (such as dialysis solutions, glycation end products, hypokalemia, residual kidney function, and ultrafiltration failure)...
May 2018: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750634/effectiveness-of-febuxostat-in-patients-with-allopurinol-refractory-hyperuricemic-chronic-kidney-disease
#15
Chae Hee Kwak, Minji Sohn, Nayoung Han, Yoon-Sook Cho, Yon Su Kim, Jung Mi Oh
OBJECTIVE: As uncontrolled hyperuricemia has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), management of serum uric acid levels is important. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of febuxostat in regulating uncontrolled hyperuricemia in patients with renal dysfunction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included patients with CKD and persistent uncontrolled hyperuricemia despite treatment with allopurinol...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750266/hyperuricemia-is-associated-with-a-higher-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-military-individuals
#16
Cheng-Wei Liu, Wei-Cheng Chang, Chiao-Chin Lee, Ko-Hung Chen, Yen-Wen Wu, Juey-Jen Hwang
Introduction: Hyperuricemia (HUA) is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the general population. Military individuals who perform high-intensity physical training might have lower rates of MetS. The present study aimed to investigate whether HUA might be associated with the prevalence of MetS in military individuals. Material and Methods: We retrospectively collected data from the annual military exam and randomly selected a single unit to represent the overall study population...
May 10, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749985/hyperuricemia-induces-wnt5a-ror2-gene-expression-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-kidney-tubular-injury-in-mice
#17
Wiwit Ananda Wahyu Setyaningsih, Nur Arfian, Efrayim Suryadi, Muhammad Mansyur Romi, Untung Tranggono, Dwi Cahyani Ratna Sari
Background: Hyperuricemia contributes to kidney injury, characterized by tubular injury with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Wnt5a/Ror2 signaling drives EMT in many kidney pathologies. This study sought to evaluate the involvement of Wnt5a/Ror2 in hyperuricemia-induced EMT in kidney tubular injury. Methods: A hyperuricemia model was performed in male Swiss background mice (3 months old, 30-40 g) with daily intraperitoneal injections of 125 mg/kg body weight (BW) of uric acid...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748702/serum-renalase-levels-in-adolescents-with-primary-hypertension
#18
Marta Lemiesz, Edyta Tenderenda-Banasiuk, Dorota Sosnowska, Katarzyna Taranta-Janusz, Anna Wasilewska
The prevalence of hypertension in pediatric populations continues to rise. Recent studies suggest that renalase plays an important role in blood pressure regulation. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum renalase concentrations in hypertensive children. This study was a prospective cohort analysis of 88 adolescents (40 girls; 48 boys) aged 11-18 years, divided into two groups: HT-38 subjects with primary hypertension; and R (reference group)-50 subjects with normal blood pressure. Serum renalase concentration was measured using a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit...
May 10, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747345/-the-relationship-between-smoking-and-hyperuricemia-in-chinese-residents
#19
H G Chen, L T Sheng, Z Z Wan, X C Wang, Y H Lin, Y X Wang, X F Pan, A Pan
Objective: To explore the relationship between smoking and hyperuricemia in Chinese residents. Methods: Based on data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), residents with blood samples provided in the 2009 round (including information of socio-demographic factors, lifestyle behaviors, medical history, and laboratory examinations etc.) were selected as the participants in the current analysis. Unconditional logistic regression models were utilized to compute the ORs and corresponding 95% CIs for assessing the relationship between smoking and hyperuricemia...
May 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735453/-correlation-between-fasting-c-peptide-and-serum-uric-acid-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Qian Liang, Xin-Yu Wang, Hao-Fei Hu, Jia-Bao Lai, Wei-Li Yao, Miao-Ling Chen, Xi Rao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between fasting C-peptide (F-CP) and serum uric acid (SUA) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: A total of 347 hospitalized patients with T2DM were stratified according to F-CP level to analyze the impact of increased F-CP levels on SUA level and the incidence of hyperuricemia (HUA). The patients with an elevated SUA level (>420 µmol/L) and a normal SUA level (≤420 µmol/L) were compared for general data, fasting C-peptide and other clinical indexes...
April 20, 2018: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
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