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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936293/effects-of-incentives-for-naltrexone-adherence-on-opiate-abstinence-in-heroin-dependent-adults
#1
Brantley P Jarvis, August F Holtyn, Anthony DeFulio, Kelly E Dunn, Jeffrey J Everly, Jeannie-Marie S Leoutsakos, Annie Umbricht, Michael Fingerhood, George E Bigelow, Kenneth Silverman
AIM: To test whether an incentive-based intervention that increased adherence to naltrexone also increased opiate abstinence. DESIGN: Post-hoc combined analysis of three earlier randomized controlled trials that individually showed that incentives for adherence to oral and to extended-release injection naltrexone dosing schedules increased naltrexone adherence but not opiate abstinence. SETTING: Outpatient therapeutic workplace in Baltimore, MD, USA...
December 9, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935431/moving-a-hospital-simulation-a-way-to-coproduce-safety-healthcare-facilities
#2
Maxime Gignon, Carole Amsallem, Christine Ammirati
Moving a hospital is a critical period for quality and safety of healthcare. Change is very stressful for professionals. Workers who have experienced relocation of their place of work report deterioration in health status. Building a new hospital or restructuring a unit could provide an opportunity for improving safety and value in healthcare and for ensuring better quality of worklife for the staff. We used in situ simulation to promote experiential learning by training healthcare workers in the workplace in which they are expected to use their skills...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934666/applying-corporate-climate-principles-to-dental-school-operations
#3
Michelle A Robinson, Michael S Reddy
Decades of research have shown that organizational climate has the potential to form the basis of workplace operations and impact an organization's performance. Culture is related to climate but is not the same. "Culture" is the broader term, defining how things are done in an organization, while "climate" is a component of culture that describes how people perceive their environment. Climate can be changed but requires substantial effort over time by management and the workforce. Interest has recently grown in culture and climate in dental education due to the humanistic culture accreditation standard...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934629/the-work-environment-of-junior-doctors-their-perspectives-and-coping-strategies
#4
Tzong-Yang Pan, Howard S Fan, Cathy A Owen
OBJECTIVE: This study explores the associations between psychological distress in junior doctors and their work environment and how they cope with work stressors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey designed by Health Education and Training Institute was delivered in 2014 to over 1900 junior doctors across 15 hospital networks through Australian Capital Territory and New South Wales. Psychological distress was evaluated using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale-10 (K10)...
December 1, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932935/-%C3%A2-they-think-we-are-conversing-so-we-don-t-care-about-them%C3%A2-examining-the-causes-of-workplace-violence-against-nurses-in-ghana
#5
Isaac Mensah Boafo
BACKGROUND: This study is part of a larger project aimed at exploring the workplace experiences of nurses working in public general hospitals in Ghana. The current paper explores the causes of workplace violence against nurses in Ghana. METHODS: Twenty-four semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with professional nurses working in five regions of Ghana. They were selected through purposive and participant-to-participant snowball sampling techniques. Data was analysed through thematic analyses...
2016: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932633/agents-of-reconciliation-agency-affirmation-promotes-constructive-tendencies-following-transgressions-in-low-commitment-relationships
#6
Ilanit SimanTov-Nachlieli, Nurit Shnabel, Anael Mori-Hoffman
Conflicting parties experience threats to both their agency and morality, but the experience of agency-threat exerts more influence on their behavior, leading to relationship-destructive tendencies. Whereas high-commitment relationships facilitate constructive tendencies despite the conflict, we theorized that in low-commitment relationships, affirming the adversary's agency is a prerequisite for facilitating more constructive tendencies. Focusing on sibling conflicts, Study 1 found that when commitment was low (rather than high), agency-affirmation increased participants' constructive tendencies toward their brother/sister compared with a control/no-affirmation condition...
December 8, 2016: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932632/not-by-success-alone-role-models-provide-pathways-to-communal-opportunities-in-stem
#7
Melissa A Fuesting, Amanda B Diekman
Because of stereotypes that science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields do not fulfill communal goals, communally oriented individuals may select out of STEM. One potential route to engaging and promoting communally oriented individuals in STEM fields is through interactions with advisors or role models in STEM. We first demonstrate the perceived difficulty of finding role models who enact communal behaviors in STEM relative to other fields (Preliminary Study). Communally oriented students reported higher likelihood of observing admired others in math or science (i...
December 8, 2016: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931734/awareness-of-united-states-law-for-nursing-mothers-among-employers-in-new-orleans-louisiana
#8
Caitrin H Alb, Katherine Theall, Marni B Jacobs, Ana Bales
BACKGROUND: The U.S. Federal Reasonable Break Time for Nursing Mothers Law to support breastfeeding employees was passed in 2010, as part of the Affordable Care Act. However, few data are available assessing employers' awareness of the law or its implementation. OBJECTIVES: The study aims were to 1) describe New Orleans employers' awareness of the law, 2) determine the extent of the law implementation within workplaces, and 3) determine the associations between workplace characteristics and employers' awareness and implementation...
December 5, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930493/workplace-lead-exposure
#9
Michael G Holland, David Cawthon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930485/results-from-the-bipartisan-policy-center-s-ceo-council-physical-activity-challenge-to-american-business
#10
Jeff Berko, Ron Z Goetzel, Enid Chung Roemer, Karen Kent, Janet Marchibroda
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe findings from a survey of employees at 10 businesses participating in the "Building Better Health: Physical Activity Challenge," an effort led by the Bipartisan Policy Center's CEO Council on Health and Innovation. METHODS: Employers provided employees with pedometers as part of an 8-week Physical Activity Challenge (Challenge). Employees were then asked to complete a survey about their awareness of, participation in, and satisfaction with the Challenge...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930483/autonomy-and-firefighting-perceived-competence-and-stress
#11
Evelyn S Chiang, John Baley, Joy Ponder, Miguel A Padilla
OBJECTIVE: In workplace settings, autonomy is implicated in employee motivation as well as supervisor autonomy support. As a profession of risk, firefighters may experience greater levels of stress. METHODS: A self-determination paradigm was applied to the firefighter workplace. Of particular interest were perceived competence (to perform job duties) and the experience of stress. Firefighters' levels of autonomous and controlled regulation were surveyed, along with their perceptions of the autonomy support of their immediate supervisor...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930482/decreasing-physical-inactivity-in-the-veterans-health-administration-employee-population
#12
Tamara M Schult, Sandra K Schmunk, Ebi R Awosika
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe a comprehensive approach to decrease physical inactivity in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) employee population. METHODS: The approach included (1) initiatives to decrease physical inactivity in the workplace; (2) two operational surveys to assess system-wide service provision; and (3) two national employee surveys. RESULTS: From 2010 to 2012, 86 employee fitness centers were completed in VA medical centers...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930480/evaluation-of-a-voluntary-work-site-weight-loss-program-on-hypertension
#13
Conrad P Earnest, Timothy S Church
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a worksite weight loss program hypertension. METHODS: Participants [N = 5998; body mass index (BMI) 34 ± 7 m/kg, 33% hypertensive] participating in a 10-week weight loss program were examined for hypertension prevalence within categories of (1) weight gain, or loss (2) less than 3%, (3) 3% to 5%, (4) 5% to 10%, and (5) more than 10% using general linear models or Chi-square analyses. RESULTS: We observed a significant dose-response trend for the reduced prevalence of hypertension at follow-up (P-for-trend < 0...
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928857/further-examination-of-predictors-of-turnover-intention-among-mental-health-professionals
#14
N J Yanchus, D Periard, K Osatuke
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: When mental health professionals leave organizations, detrimental effects on quality of patient care occur. Reasons for leaving include incivility, lack of autonomy, perceptions of unfair treatment and feeling psychologically unsafe at work. This paper sought to investigate additional reasons why mental health professionals intend to quit or to cognitively withdraw from their jobs. WHAT DOES THIS PAPER ADD TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: Past research on this topic is limited in its scope and data...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927731/advancing-an-ethic-of-embodied-relational-sexuality-to-guide-decision-making-in-dementia-care
#15
Alisa Grigorovich, Pia Kontos
Sexuality and intimacy are universal needs that transcend age, cognitive decline, and disability; sexuality is a fundamental aspect of the human experience. However, supporting sexuality in long-term residential care presents ethical challenges as this setting is both a home environment for residents and a workplace for health practitioners. This is particularly complex in the case of residents with dementia given the need to balance protection from harm and freedom of self-determination. Despite such complexity, this challenge has received limited critical theoretical attention...
December 7, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927239/the-relationship-between-blood-lead-levels-and-occupational-exposure-in-a-pregnant-population
#16
Osmel La-Llave-León, José Manuel Salas Pacheco, Sergio Estrada Martínez, Eloísa Esquivel Rodríguez, Francisco X Castellanos Juárez, Ada Sandoval Carrillo, Angélica María Lechuga Quiñones, Fernando Vázquez Alanís, Gonzalo García Vargas, Edna Madai Méndez Hernández, Jaime Duarte Sustaita
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women exposed to lead are at risk of suffering reproductive damages, such as miscarriage, preeclampsia, premature delivery and low birth weight. Despite that the workplace offers the greatest potential for lead exposure, there is relatively little information about occupational exposure to lead during pregnancy. This study aims to assess the association between blood lead levels and occupational exposure in pregnant women from Durango, Mexico. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a population of 299 pregnant women...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927031/challenges-for-females-with-high-functioning-autism-in-the-workplace-a-systematic-review
#17
Susan M Hayward, Keith R McVilly, Mark A Stokes
PURPOSE: Individuals with High Functioning Autism (HFA) experience high levels of underemployment and unemployment, resulting in negative economic, social, and health outcomes. Given what is known about labor market participation difficulties experienced by women generally, and the paucity of research concerning women with HFA, this systematic review synthesized what is known about the labor market experiences of women with HFA. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature concerning adult females with HFA in relation to the workplace yielded 1947 results; 11 met inclusion criteria being based on original data, but not necessarily focusing solely on women...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927025/-whenever-i-can-i-push-myself-to-go-to-work-a-qualitative-study-of-experiences-of-sickness-presenteeism-among-workers-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
Paula Holland, Alison M Collins
PURPOSE: UK government policy emphasizes the importance of continuing to work for recovery from poor health, yet sickness presenteeism (going to work whilst ill) is commonly regarded as having negative consequences for organizations and individuals. Our study explores experiences of working after onset of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a chronic musculoskeletal disorder characterized by high rates of work disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study consisting of in-depth interviews and six-month follow-up with 11 men and women with RA employed at disease onset...
December 8, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926443/applied-economics-the-use-of-monetary-incentives-to-modulate-behavior
#19
S Strang, S Q Park, T Strombach, P Kenning
According to standard economic theory higher monetary incentives will lead to higher performance and higher effort independent of task, context, or individual. In many contexts this standard economic advice is implemented. Monetary incentives are, for example, used to enhance performance at workplace or to increase health-related behavior. However, the fundamental positive impact of monetary incentives has been questioned by psychologists as well as behavioral economists during the last decade, arguing that monetary incentives can sometimes even backfire...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925490/the-vicious-cycle-of-stigma-and-disclosure-in-self-management-a-study-among-the-dutch-hiv-population
#20
Daniel H de Vries, Luca Koppen, Adolfo Mejia Lopez, Reina Foppen
Though HIV has become a chronic disease, HIV-related stigma has remained. This article reports on a study that asked how Dutch people living with HIV-AIDS (PLWHA) experienced stigmatization and devised self-management strategies. We used qualitative findings from a survey questionnaire conducted among 468 Dutch HIV-positive people (3% of the population), using a stratified research sample. Findings show how respondents experience relatively high public (30%), self- (26%) and structural (15%) stigma. At the same time, results show the importance of selective disclosure as a self-management strategy...
December 2016: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
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