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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092230/octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane-d4
#1
(no author information available yet)
Octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane (D4; CAS No. 556-67-2) is used as a monomer in the manufacture of polymeric materials, which are widely used in various industrial and/or medical applications, such as breast implants. D4 has a relatively low order of toxicity following acute administration via the oral, dermal, and inhalation routes of exposure and is not considered to be a dermal or eye irritant or to be a dermal sensitizer. There is no appreciable dermal absorption of D4 based on results from in vivo and in vitro studies...
January 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092229/decamethylcyclopentasiloxane-d5
#2
(no author information available yet)
Decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5; CAS No. 541-02-6) is a precursor in the production of siloxane polymers for industry and medicine and is a carrier ingredient in many toiletries and cosmetics. D5 has a relatively low order of toxicity following acute administration via the oral, dermal, and inhalation routes of exposure. It is not considered to be a dermal or eye irritant or a dermal sensitizer. There is no appreciable dermal absorption of D5 based on results from in vivo and in vitro studies. It has not been shown to be genotoxic/mutagenic when tested in a number of short-term in vitro and in vivo assays and did not cause reproductive or developmental toxicity in rats...
January 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090510/augmented-and-virtual-reality-in-surgery-the-digital-surgical-environment-applications-limitations-and-legal-pitfalls
#3
REVIEW
Wee Sim Khor, Benjamin Baker, Kavit Amin, Adrian Chan, Ketan Patel, Jason Wong
The continuing enhancement of the surgical environment in the digital age has led to a number of innovations being highlighted as potential disruptive technologies in the surgical workplace. Augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) are rapidly becoming increasingly available, accessible and importantly affordable, hence their application into healthcare to enhance the medical use of data is certain. Whether it relates to anatomy, intraoperative surgery, or post-operative rehabilitation, applications are already being investigated for their role in the surgeons armamentarium...
December 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090154/unresolved-disrespectful-behavior-in-health-care-practitioners-speak-up-again-part-1
#4
Matthew Grissinger
Survey reveals widespread health workplace intimidation.
January 2017: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090065/assessment-of-workplace-air-concentrations-of-formaldehyde-during-and-before-working-hours-in-medical-facilities
#5
Ichiro Higashikubo, Hiroyuki Miyauchi, Satoru Yoshida, Shinsuke Tanaka, Mitsunori Matsuoka, Heihachiro Arito, Akihiro Araki, Hidesuke Shimizu, Haruhiko Sakurai
Workplace air concentrations of formaldehyde (FA) in medical facilities where FA and FA-treated organs were stored and handled were measured before and during working hours and assessed by the official method specified by Work Environment Measurement Law. Sixty-percent of the total facilities examined were judged as inappropriately controlled work environment. The concentrations of FA before working hours by spot sampling were found to exceed 0.1 ppm in some facilities, and tended to increase with increasing volume of containers storing FA and FA-treated materials...
January 13, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089178/hatchery-workers-igg-antibody-profiles-to-airborne-bacteria
#6
Paul Brauner, Silvana Gromöller, Yvonne Pfeifer, Gottfried Wilharm, Udo Jäckel
Occupational exposure to high concentrations of airborne bacteria in poultry production is related to an increased risk of respiratory disorders. However, etiology and in particular microorganisms' potential role in pathogenesis still needs to be elucidated. Thus, detection of specific antibodies against occupational microbial antigens may lead to identification of potentially harmful species. For the purpose of IgG titer determination, indirect immunofluorescence on various bacterial isolates from duck hatchery air was combined with image-based quantification of fluorescence intensity...
December 26, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089118/occupational-lung-diseases-from-old-and-novel-exposures-to-effective-preventive-strategies
#7
REVIEW
Paul Cullinan, Xavier Muñoz, Hille Suojalehto, Raymond Agius, Surinder Jindal, Torben Sigsgaard, Anders Blomberg, Denis Charpin, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Mridu Gulati, Yangho Kim, Arthur L Frank, Metin Akgün, David Fishwick, Rafael E de la Hoz, Subhabrata Moitra
Occupational exposure is an important, global cause of respiratory disease. Unlike many other non-communicable lung diseases, the proximal causes of many occupational lung diseases are well understood and they should be amenable to control with use of established and effective approaches. Therefore, the risks arising from exposure to silica and asbestos are well known, as are the means of their prevention. Although the incidence of occupational lung disease has decreased in many countries, in parts of the world undergoing rapid economic transition and population growth-often with large informal and unregulated workforces-occupational exposures continue to impose a heavy burden of disease...
January 6, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087554/how-prepared-are-uk-medical-graduates-for-practice-a-rapid-review-of-the-literature-2009-2014
#8
Lynn V Monrouxe, Lisa Grundy, Mala Mann, Zoe John, Eleni Panagoulas, Alison Bullock, Karen Mattick
OBJECTIVE: To understand how prepared UK medical graduates are for practice and the effectiveness of workplace transition interventions. DESIGN: A rapid review of the literature (registration #CRD42013005305). DATA SOURCES: Nine major databases (and key websites) were searched in two timeframes (July-September 2013; updated May-June 2014): CINAHL, Embase, Educational Resources Information Centre, Health Management Information Consortium, MEDLINE, MEDLINE in Process, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Knowledge...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087546/association-between-insomnia-symptoms-job-strain-and-burnout-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-1300-financial-workers
#9
Arnaud Metlaine, Fabien Sauvet, Danielle Gomez-Merino, Maxime Elbaz, Jean Yves Delafosse, Damien Leger, Mounir Chennaoui
OBJECTIVES: Professional burnout is closely related to work stress but less frequently associated with disturbed sleep. This study determines whether job strain and sleep disturbances are associated risk factors of burnout among financial workers. DESIGN: Observational study. PARTICIPANTS: 1300 employees (725 female) of a financial company. PRIMARY MEASURES: Self-reported questionnaires (Maslach Burnout Inventory, Job Content Questionnaire, Sleep questionnaire based on ICSD-3 classification), the Epworth sleepiness scale and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081497/paramedic-student-exposure-to-workplace-violence-during-clinical-placements-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Malcolm Boyle, Lisa McKenna
Paramedic students are hesitant to formally report exposure to acts of workplace violence as they feel it may jeopardise their chance of getting a job. The objective of this study was to identify the type and number of workplace violence acts experienced by undergraduate paramedic students whilst on an ambulance clinical placement. This was a cross-sectional study using the Paramedic Workplace Violence Exposure Questionnaire to obtain student exposure to acts of workplace violence which occurred whilst on ambulance clinical placements...
January 5, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079641/world-health-organization-framework-multimodal-hand-hygiene-strategy-in-piedmont-italy-health-care-facilities
#11
Fabrizio Bert, Sebastian Giacomelli, Daniela Ceresetti, Carla Maria Zotti
OBJECTIVES: In 2009, the World Health Organization (WHO) introduced the "Hand Hygiene Self-Assessment Framework" (HHSAF) to evaluate the level of the application of the Multimodal Hand Hygiene Improvement Strategy (MHHIS), which defines preventive interventions, standards, and tools conceived to improve hand hygiene in healthcare facilities. The aim of our study was to evaluate the implementation of the MHHIS in Piedmont healthcare units in 2014 using the HHSAF document. METHODS: Our surveillance was performed through collection and analysis of the data from 50 Piedmont healthcare facilities recorded through the HHSAF in 2014...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079622/prevalence-and-determinants-of-job-stress-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#12
Philipp Schreiner, Luc Biedermann, Jean-Benoit Rossel, Gerhard Rogler, Valérie Pittet, Roland von Känel
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors have been shown to predict a poor disease course in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but whether this applies to job stress is currently unknown. We assessed the prevalence of job stress and its correlates in a large cohort of patients with IBD. METHODS: We included all adult, professionally active patients enrolled between 2006 and 2015 in the Swiss IBD Cohort. Job stress was measured through the self-report effort-reward imbalance ratio and overcommitment (OC) to work questionnaires...
January 10, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079614/the-role-of-gene-environment-interplay-in-occupational-and-environmental-diseases-current-concepts-and-knowledge-gaps
#13
Elizabeth Kwo, David Christiani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The interplay between genetic susceptibilities and environmental exposures in the pathogenesis of a variety of diseases is an area of increased scientific, epidemiologic, and social interest. Given the variation in methodologies used in the field, this review aims to create a framework to help understand occupational exposures as they currently exist and provide a foundation for future inquiries into the biological mechanisms of the gene-environment interactions. Understanding of this complex interplay will be important in the context of occupational health, given the public health concerns surrounding a variety of occupational exposures...
January 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079408/an-ecological-approach-to-hearing-health-promotion-in-workplaces
#14
Ravi Reddy, David Welch, Shanthi Ameratunga, Peter Thorne
OBJECTIVE: To develop and assess use, acceptability and feasibility of an ecological hearing conservation programme for workplaces. DESIGN: A school-based public health hearing preservation education programme (Dangerous Decibels®) was adapted for workplaces using the Multi-level Approach to Community Health (MATCH) Model. The programme was delivered in small manufacturing companies and evaluated using a questionnaire before the training and at one week and two-months after training...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079279/evaluating-predictors-of-lead-exposure-for-activities-disturbing-materials-painted-with-or-containing-lead-using-historic-published-data-from-u-s-workplaces
#15
Sarah J Locke, Nicole C Deziel, Dong-Hee Koh, Barry I Graubard, Mark P Purdue, Melissa C Friesen
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated predictors of differences in published occupational lead concentrations for activities disturbing material painted with or containing lead in U.S. workplaces to aid historical exposure reconstruction. METHODS: For the aforementioned tasks, 221 air and 113 blood lead summary results (1960-2010) were extracted from a previously developed database. Differences in the natural log-transformed geometric mean (GM) for year, industry, job, and other ancillary variables were evaluated in meta-regression models that weighted each summary result by its inverse variance and sample size...
February 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078084/promoting-workplace-stair-climbing-sometimes-not-interfering-is-the-best
#16
Andreas Åvitsland, Ane Kristiansen Solbraa, Amund Riiser
BACKGROUND: Stair climbing is a vigorous activity and can lead to several health benefits. Studies seeking to increase stair climbing in various public locations have shown positive effects, while results from similar studies conducted in the workplace are inconclusive. This study examined stair climbing in the workplace, and monitored effects from a single- and a combined intervention. Interventions were inspired by nudging, the libertarian method of influencing behavior. METHODS: By quasi-experimental design, stair- and elevator traffic in two office buildings was monitored preceding-, during- and following interventions with stair leading footprints alone, and combined with stair-riser banners...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076582/interventions-that-facilitate-sustainable-jobs-and-have-a-positive-impact-on-workers-health-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#17
Michelle M Haby, Evelina Chapman, Rachel Clark, Luiz A C Galvão
Objective: To identify interventions that facilitate sustainable jobs and have a positive impact on the health of workers in health sector workplaces. Methods: This overview utilized systematic review methods to synthesize evidence from multiple systematic reviews and economic evaluations. A comprehensive search was conducted based on a predefined protocol, including specific inclusion criteria. To be classified as "sustainable," interventions needed to aim (explicitly or implicitly) to 1) have a positive impact on at least two key dimensions of the integrated framework for sustainable development and 2) include measures of health impact...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075716/factors-predicting-the-provision-of-smoking-cessation-services-among-occupational-health-nurses-in-thailand
#18
Kannikar Chatdokmaiprai, Surintorn Kalampakorn, Marjorie McCullagh, Sunee Lagampan, Sansanee Keeratiwiriyaporn
The purpose of this study was to identify factors predicting occupational health nurses' provision of smoking cessation services. Data were collected via a self-administered questionnaire distributed to 254 occupational health nurses in Thailand. Analysis by structural equation modeling revealed that self-efficacy directly and positively influenced smoking cessation services, and mediated the relationship between workplace factors, nurse factors, and smoking cessation services. The final model had good fit to the data, accounting for 20...
January 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075309/bme-staff-less-likely-to-raise-concerns-in-the-workplace
#19
Flavia Munn
Asian and black healthcare staff are significantly less likely to whistleblow than their white British colleagues, research shows.
January 11, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075279/focus-on-workplace-safety-as-staff-injury-bill-tops-%C3%A2-47m
#20
Flavia Munn
The overall bill for compensation payments and legal costs for NHS staff injuries last year was £47.5 million, Nursing Standard can reveal.
January 11, 2017: Nursing Standard
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