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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735347/the-impact-of-eldercare-on-adult-children-s-health-and-employment-in-transitional-china
#1
Xiaomei Pei, Hao Luo, Zhiyong Lin, Norah Keating, Janet Fast
This paper explores the content and extent of the burden of caregiving for Chinese families in transition. It sets out to understand how Chinese families manage to balance family caregiving responsibilities with employment, the impact of the existing social institutions on family caregiving practices, and the risks that caregivers have to face. Data were collected from a sample of 214 workers from 14 manufacturing companies in an industrialized city in central China in 2013. Analysis revealed that common types of eldercare were assisting with activities of daily living and medical related care; middle aged employed respondents were most likely to be the caregivers to older family members; financial and time demands of care were challenging for caregivers, but women with more education and a secure job responded to the pressure of care giving better than those with less education and insecure jobs...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735331/evaluation-of-the-levels-and-quality-of-microbial-contamination-in-medical-emergency-departments-in-comparison-to-other-workplaces
#2
Agata Bielawska-Drózd, Bożena Wlizło-Skowronek, Piotr Cieślik, Izabela Winnicka, Ewa Skopińska-Różewska, Leszek Kubiak, Dorota Żakowska, Aleksandra Brewczyńska, Janusz Kocik
Work in Hospital Emergency Departments (HEDs) exposes both the emergency ward staff and patients to infectious and in other way harmful biological agents. The results of this study shows the presence of pathogenic bacteria isolated by three different methods. It revealed 9.8% of pathogens detected by imprint method, 10.5% of pathogens by swabbing method, 17.6% and 22% in HEDs corridors and rooms, respectively, by air sampling method. In control workplaces (offices) pathogenic bacteria reached the level of 6...
January 2, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734852/azodicarbonamide-adca-a-reconsideration-of-classification-as-a-respiratory-sensitiser
#3
Josje Arts, Ian Kimber
Azodicarbonamide (ADCA) is widely used by industry in the manufacture of a variety of products. ADCA has been classified as a respiratory allergen, and the purpose of this article was to consider whether this classification is appropriate based upon the available data. Here both clinical experience and relevant experimental data have been reviewed. Although there have been reports of an association between workplace exposure to ADCA and symptoms of respiratory allergy and occupational asthma, the evidence is less than persuasive, with in many instances a lack of properly controlled and executed diagnostic procedures...
July 19, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734255/use-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-public-and-private-settings-in-barcelona-spain
#4
Nuria Matilla-Santander, Marcela Fu, Montse Ballbè, Kailey Bunch, Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Juan Carlos Martín-Sánchez, Esteve Fernández, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of e-cigarette users who use them in selected indoor public and workplaces, and private venues in Barcelona (Spain) in 2015. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of a sample of e-cigarette users (≥ 18 years) from Barcelona (n = 600). We calculated the proportion of e-cigarette users who used the device in public and private settings (in the last 30 days). We fit multivariate logistic regression models adjusted for sex and age to calculate the odds ratios (OR) with their 95% confidence intervals (CI) of e-cigarette use by socio-demographic factors, dual use and nicotine-containing e-cigarettes...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733964/the-global-burden-of-occupational-disease
#5
REVIEW
Lesley Rushton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Burden of occupational disease estimation contributes to understanding of both magnitude and relative importance of different occupational hazards and provides essential information for targeting risk reduction. This review summarises recent key findings and discusses their impact on occupational regulation and practice. RECENT FINDINGS: New methods have been developed to estimate burden of occupational disease that take account of the latency of many chronic diseases and allow for exposure trends and workforce turnover...
July 21, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733714/a-developmental-perspective-in-mental-health-services-use-among-adults-with-mental-disorders
#6
Christophe Huỳnh, Jean Caron, Marilou Pelletier, Aihua Liu, Marie-Josée Fleury
This study examined factors associated with mental health services (MHS) use by individuals with mental disorders within a developmental perspective of adulthood. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted separately for each developmental stage on independent variables using the Andersen's behavioral health service model. For 18-29-year-old emerging adults (n = 141), autonomy, daily life/relations, Internet searching, alcohol dependence, cognitive impulsiveness, number of stressful events, and self-harm were associated with MHS use...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733561/workplace-violence-toward-mental-healthcare-workers-a-call-for-action
#7
Habibolah Khazaie, Alireza Ahmadi, Azad Maroufi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733152/midwifery-student-reactions-to-workplace-violence
#8
Jesse Shapiro, Malcolm J Boyle, Lisa McKenna
PROBLEM: Workplace violence, incidents against people in their workplaces, is a growing problem in Australia causing untold personal suffering as well as costing Australian businesses in productivity. Midwives have been highlighted as a group particularly at risk, yet in Australia there is little research into workplace violence against midwives and even less into midwifery students. AIM: This study aimed to explore Australian midwifery students' responses to workplace violence as well as to gauge the impact of workplace violence on them...
July 18, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731983/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effort-reward-imbalance-model-of-workplace-stress-and-hpa-axis-measures-of-stress
#9
Pennie Eddy, Eleanor H Wertheim, Matthew W Hale, Bradley J Wright
OBJECTIVE: The association between effort reward imbalance (ERI) and various health outcomes has been well-documented over the past 20 years, but the mechanisms responsible for this association remain unclear. The present meta-analysis assessed the associations of ERI and over-commitment (OC) in the workplace with hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis measures. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched with the phrase 'effort*reward*imbalance' which yielded 319 studies leading to 56 full text studies being screened...
July 20, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731635/university-foodservices-potential-for-providing-environmental-education-to-students
#10
Chelsea Slobbé, Miranda Mirosa, Carla Thomson
AIMS: University foodservices are potentially well placed to foster environmental education in a non-classroom setting and so could have the power to benefit communities through producing environmentally literate graduates. Buy-in from foodservice staff is critical for realising this potential, so understanding what foodservice staff think about their foodservice engaging in the provision of environmental education is essential. The aim of this study was to identify the dominant perspectives held by university foodservice staff about the desirability and realities of fostering environmental education in their workplaces...
April 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731383/training-employers-to-implement-health-promotion-programs-results-from-the-cdc-work-health%C3%A2-program
#11
Laurie A Cluff, Jason E Lang, Jennifer R Rineer, Nkenge H Jones-Jack, Karen M Strazza
PURPOSE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) initiated the Work@Health Program to teach employers how to improve worker health using evidence-based strategies. Program goals included (1) determining the best way(s) to deliver employer training, (2) increasing employers' knowledge of workplace health promotion (WHP), and (3) increasing the number of evidence-based WHP interventions at employers' worksites. This study is one of the few to examine the effectiveness of a program designed to train employers how to implement WHP programs...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730862/correctional-officers-and-workplace-adversity-identifying-interpersonal-cognitive-and-behavioral-response-tendencies
#12
Justin S Trounson, Jeffrey E Pfeifer
This study explored correctional officers' response tendencies (i.e., cognitive, interpersonal, and behavioral response patterns they engage in) when managing workplace adversity. In total, 53 Australian correctional officers participated in the study. Eight exploratory focus group discussions ( n = 42) were conducted to identify a set of officer-endorsed response tendencies. Thematic analysis of group data revealed that correctional officers engage in a range of response tendencies when facing workplace adversity and that these tendencies may be categorized as interpersonally, cognitively, or behaviorally based...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728115/smoked-marijuana-attenuates-performance-and-mood-disruptions-during-simulated-night-shift-work
#13
Diana R Keith, Erik W Gunderson, Margaret Haney, Richard W Foltin, Carl L Hart
Individuals who work nonstandard schedules, such as rotating or night shifts, are more susceptible to workplace injuries, performance decrements, and reduced productivity. This population is also almost twice as likely to use illicit drugs as individuals working a standard day shift. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of smoked marijuana on performance, mood, and sleep during simulated shift work. Ten experienced marijuana smokers completed this 23-day, within-participant residential study...
June 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727623/return-on-investment-evaluating-the-evidence-regarding-financial-outcomes-of-workplace-wellness-programs
#14
Julie A Astrella
Workplace wellness programs are expected to reduce employee healthcare costs, increase productivity, and provide a positive return on investment. A review of the literature from 2000 to 2016 was conducted to determine whether workplace wellness programs deliver a positive economic impact. Individual financial metrics and results varied; 6 of 7 studies reported a positive economic impact. Additional study is recommended because of the high-degree variability and lack of longitudinal data.
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726230/health-wealth-and-behavioural-change-an-exploration-of-role-responsibilities-in-the-wake-of-epigenetics
#15
Danya F Vears, Flavio D'Abramo
The field of epigenetics is leading to new conceptualizations of the role of environmental factors in health and genetic disease. Although more evidence is required, epigenetic mechanisms are being implicated in the link between low socioeconomic status and poor health status. Epigenetic phenomena work in a number of ways: they can be established early in development, transmitted from previous generations and/or responsive to environmental factors. Knowledge about these types of epigenetic traits might therefore allow us to move away from a genetic deterministic perspective, and provide individuals with the opportunity to change their health status...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725792/entrustable-professional-activities-for-pathology-recommendations-from-the-college-of-american-pathologists-graduate-medical-education-committee
#16
Cindy B McCloskey, Ronald E Domen, Richard M Conran, Robert D Hoffman, Miriam D Post, Mark D Brissette, Dita A Gratzinger, Patricia M Raciti, David A Cohen, Cory A Roberts, Amyn M Rojiani, Christina S Kong, Jo Elle G Peterson, Kristen Johnson, Sue Plath, Suzanne Zein-Eldin Powell
Competency-based medical education has evolved over the past decades to include the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Accreditation System of resident evaluation based on the Milestones project. Entrustable professional activities represent another means to determine learner proficiency and evaluate educational outcomes in the workplace and training environment. The objective of this project was to develop entrustable professional activities for pathology graduate medical education encompassing primary anatomic and clinical pathology residency training...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725159/importance-of-social-capital-at-the-workplace-for-return-to-work-among-women-with-a-history-of-long-term-sick-leave-a-cohort-study
#17
Ingela Rydström, Lotta Dalheim Englund, Lotta Dellve, Linda Ahlstrom
BACKGROUND: The workplace is an essential source of social capital for many people; it provides mutual support and gives meaning to life. However, few prospective studies have thoroughly investigated the importance of aspects of social capital in the workplace. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between aspects of social capital (social support, sense of community, and quality of leadership) at the workplace, and work ability, working degree, and vitality among women with a history of long-term sick leave from human service organizations...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724951/n-terminal-pro-brain-natriuretic-peptide-and-associated-factors-in-the-general-working-population-a-baseline-survey-of-the-uranosaki-cohort-study
#18
Atsushi Tanaka, Hisako Yoshida, Atsushi Kawaguchi, Jun-Ichi Oyama, Norihiko Kotooka, Shigeru Toyoda, Teruo Inoue, Masafumi Natsuaki, Koichi Node
Few data on clinical characteristics associated with N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) or the clinical value of measuring NT-proBNP in the working population are available. The aim of the present study was to investigate the levels of NT-proBNP and their association with clinical variables in the Japanese general working population by using baseline data from the Uranosaki cohort study. In the study, the plasma concentration of NT-proBNP and some biomarkers were measured in addition to the standard health checkups at the workplace...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724029/-psychosocial-stress-at-work-and-alcohol-consumption-patterns-in-offshore-oil-workers
#19
Jahina Moura Vidal, Angela Mendes Abreu, Luciana Fernandes Portela
The objectives were to assess the association between psychosocial stress at work and alcohol consumption patterns in offshore oil workers. This was a cross-sectional study of 210 workers on offshore oil rigs in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from July to September 2014. The data collection instrument was a self-completed multidimensional questionnaire. Exposure to stress was measured by the demand-control model and alcohol consumption pattern was measured with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724026/-level-of-implementation-of-the-program-for-safety-and-health-at-work-in-antioquia-colombia
#20
Ninfa Del Carmen Vega-Monsalve
This study describes the level of implementation of the Program for Safety and Health at Work in companies located in the Department of Antioquia, Colombia, and associated factors. A cross-sectional survey included 73 companies with more than 50 workers each and implementation of the program. A total of 65 interviews were held, in addition to 73 checklists and process reviews. The companies showed suboptimal compliance with the management model for workplace safety and health proposed by the International Labor Organization (ILO)...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
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