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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454012/spatial-clustering-of-childhood-leukaemia-with-the-integration-of-the-paediatric-environmental-history
#1
Alberto Cárceles-Álvarez, Juan A Ortega-García, Fernando A López-Hernández, Mayra Orozco-Llamas, Blanca Espinosa-López, Esther Tobarra-Sánchez, Lizbeth Alvarez
BACKGROUND: Leukaemia remains the most common type of paediatric cancer and its aetiology remains unknown, but considered to be multifactorial. It is suggested that the initiation in utero by relevant exposures and/or inherited genetic variants and, other promotional postnatal exposures are probably required to develop leukaemia. This study aimed to map the incidence and analyse possible clusters in the geographical distribution of childhood acute leukaemia during the critical periods and to evaluate the factors that may be involved in the aetiology by conducting community and individual risk assessments...
April 25, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453448/cumulative-trauma-disorders-a-review
#2
Zaheen A Iqbal, Ahmad H Alghadir
BACKGROUND: Cumulative trauma disorder (CTD) is a term for various injuries of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems that are caused by repetitive tasks, forceful exertions, vibrations, mechanical compression or sustained postures. Although there are many studies citing incidence of CTDs, there are fewer articles about its etiology, pathology and management. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to discuss the etiology, pathogenesis, prevention and management of CTDs...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448903/violence-trauma-and-living-with-hiv-longitudinal-predictors-of-initiating-crystal-methamphetamine-injection-among-sex-workers
#3
Elena Argento, Steffanie A Strathdee, Shira Goldenberg, Melissa Braschel, Julio Montaner, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: Despite rapid increases in crystal methamphetamine (CM) use worldwide and established gendered patterns of use, empirical research on CM injection initiation among sex workers is limited. Given the wide range of harms associated with CM, alongside stimulant effects including sexual dis-inhibition and prolonged awake-ness, this study aimed to longitudinally investigate socio-structural predictors of initiating CM injection among sex workers in Vancouver, Canada. METHODS: Data (2010-2014) were drawn from a community-based cohort of women sex workers: AESHA (An Evaluation of Sex Workers Health Access)...
April 19, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447830/managing-a-perilous-stigma-ex-offenders-use-of-reparative-impression-management-tactics-in-hiring-contexts
#4
Abdifatah A Ali, Brent J Lyons, Ann Marie Ryan
Individuals with a criminal record face employment challenges because of the nature of their stigma. In this study, we examined the efficacy of using reparative impression management tactics to mitigate integrity concerns associated with a perilous stigma. Drawing on affect control theory, we proposed that the use of 3 impression management tactics-apology, justification, excuse-would differentially affect hiring evaluations through their influence on perceived remorse and anticipated workplace deviance. Across 3 studies, we found support for our proposed model...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447823/the-promise-of-demand-side-employer-based-strategies-to-increase-employment-rates-for-people-living-with-serious-mental-illnesses
#5
Jonathan Delman, Lynn Kovich, Sara Burke, Kevin Martone
OBJECTIVE: This article describes current and promising demand-side strategies to increase job retention and employment rates of people living with serious mental illnesses. The article raises awareness of the potential impact of demand side strategies and generates considerations to implement and evaluate these strategies. METHOD: Information is drawn from peer reviewed research, policy articles and documents, and the authors' direct experiences. RESULTS: Employees with serious mental illnesses struggle to retain jobs due to workplace stigma, difficulty accessing reasonable accommodations, and noneligibility for health benefits...
April 27, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447466/results-of-a-randomized-trial-on-an-intervention-promoting-adoption-of-occupational-sun-protection-policies
#6
David B Buller, Barbara J Walkosz, Mary Klein Buller, Allan Wallis, Peter A Andersen, Michael D Scott, Rachel Eye, Xia Liu, Gary Cutter
PURPOSE: To evaluate an intervention promoting adoption of occupational sun protection policies by employers in a randomized trial. DESIGN: A randomized pretest-posttest controlled design with 2-year follow-up was conducted in 2010 to 2013. SETTING: Local government organizations in Colorado who had outdoor workers in public works, public safety, and/or parks and recreation. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-eight local government organizations (n = 51 municipalities, 10 counties, and 37 special districts)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446838/visual-functions-of-workers-exposed-to-organic-solvents-in-petrochemical-industries
#7
R Indhushree, R Monica, K Coral, Narayanasamy Angayarkanni, R Punitham, B M Subburathinam, R Krishnakumar, P P Santanam
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the visual functions of workers exposed to organic solvents in petrochemical industries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty workers from the petroleum refinery and 30 age-matched controls (mean age) were recruited. Visual functions and occupational exposure levels were assessed among both the groups. Visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, color vision, and visual fields were evaluated at the workplace. The biological samples, namely blood and urine, were collected at the workplace and transported to the laboratory for analysis...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446740/biological-risk-among-agriculture-and-construction-workers-in-molise-region-central-italy
#8
Manuela Tamburro, Vincenza Anzelmo, Paolo Bianco, Michela Lucia Sammarco, Francesco Salierno, Giancarlo Ripabelli
BACKGROUND: Biological risk is a significant issue in workplaces due to continuous modification of work organization and condition. OBJECTIVES: In this pilot study, perception and knowledge of biological risk, as well as adoption of prevention measures were evaluated among construction and agriculture workers. METHODS: A structured questionnaire was administered to workers to collect socio-demographic and employment information, in addition to data on risk perception and knowledge, and adoption of preventive measures, including those related to work activities...
April 21, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446524/experiences-attitudes-and-possibilities-for-improvement-concerning-the-cooperation-between-occupational-physicians-rehabilitation-physicians-and-general-practitioners-in-germany-from-the-perspectives-of-the-medical-groups-and-rehabilitation-patients-a-protocol
#9
Susanne Voelter-Mahlknecht, Jan M Stratil, Rainer Kaluscha, Gert Krischak, Monika A Rieger
INTRODUCTION: Rehabilitation measures for patients in the working age primarily aim at maintaining employability, restoring fitness for work or timely return to work (RTW). To facilitate RTW after long sick leave in Germany, both rehabilitation physicians' knowledge about the patients' workplace and communication between the rehabilitation physician and the occupational physician need to be improved. This research will record the experiences and attitudes of occupational physicians, rehabilitation physicians and general practitioners, as well as of rehabilitation patients, to indicate barriers and possibilities for improvement concerning the intersection between workplace and rehabilitation institution...
April 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446165/knowledge-exchange-in-the-pacific-outcomes-of-the-tropic-translational-research-for-obesity-prevention-in-communities-project
#10
Peter Kremer, Helen Mavoa, Gade Waqa, Marjory Moodie, Marita McCabe, Boyd Swinburn
BACKGROUND: The Pacific TROPIC (Translational Research for Obesity Prevention in Communities) project aimed to design, implement and evaluate a knowledge-broking approach to evidence-informed policy making to address obesity in Fiji. This paper reports on the quantitative evaluation of the knowledge-broking intervention through assessment of participants' perceptions of evidence use and development of policy/advocacy briefs. METHODS: Selected staff from six organizations - four government Ministries and two nongovernment organizations (NGOs) - participated in the project...
April 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445433/determinants-of-work-performance-in-workers-with-depression-and-anxiety-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Ivana Ivandic, Kaloyan Kamenov, Diego Rojas, Gloria Cerón, Dennis Nowak, Carla Sabariego
Depression and anxiety are highly prevalent disorders with an impact on existential aspects of person's life, including employment i.e., work performance (WP). In order to develop appropriate strategies, it is essential to identify determinants of WP. The objective of this study was to identify the built, social, attitudinal and health system-related environmental determinants of WP in workers with anxiety or depression in total (N = 1211) and regarding the level of disability. Hierarchical binary logistic regression was performed on data obtained from implementation of the WHO Model Disability Survey (MDS) in Chile in 2015...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445215/promoting-learning-and-patient-care-through-shared-reflection-a-conceptual-framework-for-team-reflexivity-in-health-care
#12
Jan B Schmutz, Walter J Eppich
Health care teams are groups of highly skilled experts who may often form inexpert teams because of a lack of collective competence. Because teamwork and collaboration form the foundation of effective clinical practice, factors that promote collective competence demand exploration. The authors review team reflexivity (TR), a concept from psychology and management literatures, and how it could contribute to the collective competence of health care teams. TR captures a team's ability to reflect collectively on group objectives, strategies, goals, processes, and outcomes of past, current, and future performance to process key information and adapt accordingly...
April 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445177/workplace-bullying-as-a-predictor-of-disability-retirement-a-prospective-registry-study-of-norwegian-employees
#13
Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Jan Shahid Emberland, Stein Knardahl
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine 1) whether bullying is related to all-cause disability retirement, 2) whether bullying contributes to the variance in disability retirement above high job demands and lack of job control, and 3) to establish gender differences in the relationship. METHODS: Survey data from 14,501 Norwegian employees on exposure factors linked to registry data on all-cause disability retirement. RESULTS: Bullying significantly predicted risk of disability retirement (hazard ratio = 1...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444505/occupational-heat-stress-assessment-and-protective-strategies-in-the-context-of-climate-change
#14
Chuansi Gao, Kalev Kuklane, Per-Olof Östergren, Tord Kjellstrom
Global warming will unquestionably increase the impact of heat on individuals who work in already hot workplaces in hot climate areas. The increasing prevalence of this environmental health risk requires the improvement of assessment methods linked to meteorological data. Such new methods will help to reveal the size of the problem and design appropriate interventions at individual, workplace and societal level. The evaluation of occupational heat stress requires measurement of four thermal climate factors (air temperature, humidity, air velocity and heat radiation); available weather station data may serve this purpose...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444252/accurate-measurement-of-indoor-radon-concentration-using-a-low-effective-volume-radon-monitor
#15
Aya Tanaka, Nodoka Minami, Yumi Yasuoka, Takeshi Iimoto, Yasutaka Omori, Hiroyuki Nagahama, Jun Muto, Takahiro Mukai
AlphaGUARD is a low-effective volume detector and one of the most popular portable radon monitors which is currently available. This study investigated whether AlphaGUARD can accurately measure the variable indoor radon levels. The consistency of the radon-concentration data obtained by AlphaGUARD is evaluated against simultaneous measurements by two other monitors (each ~10 times more sensitive than AlphaGUARD). When accurately measuring radon concentration with AlphaGUARD, we found that the net counts of the AlphaGUARD were required of at least 500 counts, <25% of the relative percent difference...
April 24, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444167/electrical-cardiac-injuries-current-concepts-and-management
#16
Victor Waldmann, Kumar Narayanan, Nicolas Combes, Daniel Jost, Xavier Jouven, Eloi Marijon
Electrical injuries are a commonly encountered hazard in both the home and workplace. However, clinicians are often uncomfortable when faced with the patient who presents with an electric shock due to sparse literature and lack of systematic recommendations on this topic. Electrical injuries can range from minor skin burns to life threatening internal organ damage. A thorough clinical assessment to ascertain the path of current through the body and possible internal injury is essential. The main concern in an apparently stable individual after an electric shock is the potential for delayed occurrence of cardiac arrhythmias which will require monitoring in the intensive care setting...
April 20, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439913/workplace-culture-in-psychiatric-nursing-described-by-nurses
#17
K Kurjenluoma, A Rantanen, B McCormack, P Slater, N Hahtela, T Suominen
AIM: This study looks to describe the workplace culture from the viewpoints of stress, job satisfaction and practice environment. METHODS: Data were collected from nurses (n = 109) using a web-based survey, The Person-Centred Nursing Index, from two purposefully selected hospital districts in Finland. Data were statistically analysed. RESULTS: Nurses described their workplace culture in slightly positive terms. Nurses only occasionally experienced stress (mean = 2...
April 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438109/practical-stereology-applications-for-the-pathologist
#18
Danielle L Brown
Qualitative histopathology is the gold standard for routine examination of morphological tissue changes in the regulatory or academic environment. The human eye is exceptional for pattern recognition but often cannot detect small changes in quantity. In cases where detection of subtle quantitative changes is critical, more sensitive methods are required. Two-dimensional histomorphometry can provide additional quantitative information and is quite useful in many cases. However, the provided data may not be referent to the entire tissue and, as such, it makes several assumptions, which are sources of bias...
May 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437836/nurses-attitudes-toward-the-single-checking-of-medications
#19
Rachel Cross, Paul N Bennett, Cherene Ockerby, Wei Chun Wang, Judy Currey
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The policy of single over double checking of medications has been adopted by many health services; however, nurses' attitudes toward single-checking medications remains unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the attitudes of nurses who single check and administer medications in a setting where single checking has been in place for over a decade. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design using the validated Single Checking Administration Medication Scale-II to registered nurses (n = 299) working in one metropolitan teaching hospital in Victoria, Australia...
April 24, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436751/analysing-workplace-violence-towards-health-care-staff-in-public-hospitals-using-alternative-ordered-response-models-the-case-of-north-eastern-turkey
#20
Ali Kemal Çelik, Erkan Oktay, Kübranur Çebi
The main objective of this paper is to determine key factors that may have a significant effect on the verbal abuse, emotional abuse, and physical assault of health care workers in north-eastern Turkey. A self-administered survey was conducted to 450 health care workers in three well-established hospitals in Erzurum, Turkey. Due to the discrete and ordered nature of the dependent variable of the survey, the data were analysed using four distinctive ordered response models. Results revealed that several key variables were found to be a significant determinant of workplace violence such as the type of the health institution, occupational position, weekly working hours, weekly shift hours, the number of daily patient contacts, age group of the respondents, experience in the health sector, training against workplace violence, and the current policies of the hospitals and the Turkish Ministry of Health...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
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