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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813009/well-being-and-the-social-environment-of-work-a-systematic-review-of-intervention-studies
#1
REVIEW
Kevin Daniels, David Watson, Cigdem Gedikli
There is consistent evidence that a good social environment in the workplace is associated with employee well-being. However, there has been no specific review of interventions to improve well-being through improving social environments at work. We conducted a systematic review of such interventions, and also considered performance as an outcome. We found eight studies of interventions. Six studies were of interventions that were based on introducing shared social activities into workgroups. Six out of the six studies demonstrated improvements in well-being across the sample (five studies), or for an identifiable sub-group (one study)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812953/workplace-bullying-and-turnover-intention-exploring-work-engagement-as-a-potential-mediator
#2
Melinde Coetzee, Jeannette van Dyk
Employees' turnover intentions may entail expensive consequences for companies. The study examined the mediating effect of work engagement in the relationship between workplace bullying and turnover intention. Using a cross-sectional sample of 373 employees, structural equation modeling and mediation analysis showed that perceptions of work- and person-related bullying were linked to low levels of vigor and dedication which in turn were associated with high turnover intention. Work engagement partially mediated the effect of high workplace bullying on high turnover intention...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812456/value-congruence-control-sense-of-community-and-demands-as-determinants-of-burnout-syndrome-among-hospitality-workers
#3
Ángela Asensio-Martínez, Michael P Leiter, Santiago Gascón, Stephanie Gumuchian, Bárbara Masluk, Paola Herrera-Mercadal, Agustín Albesa, Javier García-Campayo
Employees working in the hospitality industry are constantly exposed to occupational stressors that may lead employees into experiencing the burnout syndrome. Research addressing the interactive effects of control, community and value congruence, to alleviate the impact of workplace demands on experiencing burnout is relatively limited. The present study examined relationships among control, community and value congruence, and workplace demands and the three components of burnout. A sample of 418 employees working in a variety of hospitality associations including restaurants and hotels in Spain were recruited...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811837/an-interview-with-samuel-shem-author-of-the-house-of-god
#4
Claire Brash
Dr Stephen Bergman, Professor of medical humanities at New York University, writes under the name Samuel Shem. He is an acclaimed author of several novels, plays and textbooks, and his work has been translated into several languages -'The House of God' his first novel has sold over 3 million copies. His work exposes the potential moral challenges of the medical workplace and the connection between values, good relationships and healing. In 2015 he visited the UK for medical humanities academic tour which included keynote talks at the RCGP 2015 Annual Conference and at the Royal Society of Medicine...
July 2017: London Journal of Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810688/exhaled-breath-condensate-a-novel-matrix-for-biological-monitoring-to-assess-occupational-exposure-to-respirable-crystalline-silica
#5
Elizabeth Leese, James F Staff, Vikki A Carolan, Jackie Morton
Biological monitoring (BM) is a useful way of determining overall exposures to chemical substances; however, in the case of respirable crystalline silica (RCS), this has not been analytically feasible in conventional biological matrices. The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) as a potential biological matrix in which to determine exposure to RCS. A small pilot study was undertaken collecting EBC from six quarry workers and six occupationally unexposed persons; the samples were analysed using both single particle inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (spICP-MS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810686/sampling-efficiency-and-performance-of-selected-thoracic-aerosol-samplers
#6
Peter Görner, Xavier Simon, Alexis Boivin, Sébastien Bau
Measurement of worker exposure to a thoracic health-related aerosol fraction is necessary in a number of occupational situations. This is the case of workplaces with atmospheres polluted by fibrous particles, such as cotton dust or asbestos, and by particles inducing irritation or bronchoconstriction such as acid mists or flour dust. Three personal and two static thoracic aerosol samplers were tested under laboratory conditions. Sampling efficiency with respect to particle aerodynamic diameter was measured in a horizontal low wind tunnel and in a vertical calm air chamber...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810685/characterising-the-exposure-of-prison-staff-to-second-hand-tobacco-smoke
#7
Sean Semple, Helen Sweeting, Evangelia Demou, Greig Logan, Rachel O'Donnell, Kate Hunt
Second-hand tobacco smoke (SHS) is an avoidable and harmful exposure in the workplace but >25000 prison staff continue to be exposed on a daily basis in the UK and many more worldwide. SHS exposures in prisons are incompletely understood but may be considerable given the large proportion of smoking prisoners and limited ventilation. This study characterized the exposure of prison staff to SHS in all 15 prisons in Scotland using multiple methods. Exposure assessment strategies included 6-day area measurement of fine Particulate Matter (PM2...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810684/a-new-approach-combining-analytical-methods-for-workplace-exposure-assessment-of-inhalable-multi-walled-carbon-nanotubes
#8
Peter C Tromp, Eelco Kuijpers, Cindy Bekker, Lode Godderis, Qing Lan, Aleksandra D Jedynska, Roel Vermeulen, Anjoeka Pronk
To date there is no consensus about the most appropriate analytical method for measuring carbon nanotubes (CNTs), hampering the assessment and limiting the comparison of data. The goal of this study is to develop an approach for the assessment of the level and nature of inhalable multi-wall CNTs (MWCNTs) in an actual workplace setting by optimizing and evaluating existing analytical methods. In a company commercially producing MWCNTs, personal breathing zone samples were collected for the inhalable size fraction with IOM samplers; which were analyzed with carbon analysis, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX)...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810681/workplace-measurements-of-ultrafine-particles-a-literature-review
#9
Anna-Kaisa Viitanen, Sanni Uuksulainen, Antti J Koivisto, Kaarle Hämeri, Timo Kauppinen
Workers are exposed to ultrafine particles (UFP) in a number of occupations. In order to summarize the current knowledge regarding occupational exposure to UFP (excluding engineered nanoparticles), we gathered information on UFP concentrations from published research articles. The aim of our study was to create a basis for future epidemiological studies that treat UFP as an exposure factor. The literature search found 72 publications regarding UFP measurements in work environments. These articles covered 314 measurement results and tabled concentrations...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810680/a-bayesian-approach-for-summarizing-and-modeling-time-series-exposure-data-with-left-censoring
#10
E Andres Houseman, M Abbas Virji
Objective: Direct reading instruments are valuable tools for measuring exposure as they provide real-time measurements for rapid decision making. However, their use is limited to general survey applications in part due to issues related to their performance. Moreover, statistical analysis of real-time data is complicated by autocorrelation among successive measurements, non-stationary time series, and the presence of left-censoring due to limit-of-detection (LOD). A Bayesian framework is proposed that accounts for non-stationary autocorrelation and LOD issues in exposure time-series data in order to model workplace factors that affect exposure and estimate summary statistics for tasks or other covariates of interest...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809866/-employee-wellbeing-in-a-university-department-italy
#11
Alessandra Sinopoli, Cristina Sestili, Bruno Lojodice, Sabina Sernia, Alice Mannocci, Maria De Giusti, Paolo Villari, Giuseppe La Torre
A serene workplace environment can provide significant benefits to employees. The aim of the present study was to assess wellbeing of employees in a university department, by administering validated questionnaires (Karasek and INAIL) and to determine any similarities and / or differences. The sample consisted of 48 employees (22.9 % male and 77.1% female) in various job categories including doctors, biologists, nurses, and technical and administrative staff. Results obtained from the Karasek questionnaire allowed us to calculate the values of Decision latidude and Job demand...
May 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809592/survey-process-quality-a-question-of-healthcare-manager-approach
#12
Petra Nilsson, Kerstin Blomqvist
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore how healthcare first-line managers think about and act regarding workplace survey processes. Design/methodology/approach This interview study was performed at a hospital in south Sweden. First-line healthcare managers ( n=24) volunteered. The analysis was inspired by phenomenography, which aims to describe the ways in which different people experience a phenomenon. The phenomenon was a workplace health promotion (WHP) survey processes. Findings Four main WHP survey process approaches were identified among the managers: as a possibility, as a competition, as a work task among others and as an imposition...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809461/cancer-comorbidity-and-workplace-discrimination-the-us-experience
#13
Amanda K Gehrke, Michael Feuerstein
Cancer survivors with comorbidities have more work-related challenges than cancer survivors without these other health problems. This study evaluated how these cancer survivors with comorbidities are faring under a newly revised workplace discrimination policy, which better accounts for the episodic nature of chronic illnesses. The sample included 18-64 year olds with a history of cancer who filed allegations of workplace discrimination in 2009-2011 (N = 1.291) in the US. Multivariable logistic regressions were used...
August 15, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809183/helping-hands-using-augmented-reality-to-provide-remote-guidance-to-health-professionals
#14
Carey Mather, Tony Barnett, Vlasti Broucek, Annette Saunders, Darren Grattidge, Weidong Huang
Access to expert practitioners or geographic distance can compound the capacity for appropriate supervision of health professionals in the workplace. Guidance and support of clinicians and students to undertake new or infrequent procedures can be resource intensive. The Helping Hands remote augmented reality system is an innovation to support the development of, and oversee the acquisition of procedural skills through remote learning and teaching supervision while in clinical practice. Helping Hands is a wearable, portable, hands-free, low cost system comprised of two networked laptops, a head-mounted display worn by the recipient and a display screen used remotely by the instructor...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808478/the-portuguese-long-version-of-the-copenhagen-psychosocial-questionnaire-ii-copsoq-ii-a-validation-study
#15
Susel Rosário, Luís F Azevedo, João A Fonseca, Albert Nienhaus, Matthias Nübling, José Torres da Costa
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial risks are now widely recognised as one of the biggest challenges for occupational safety and health (OSH) and a major public health concern. The aim of this paper is to investigate the Portuguese long version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II (COPSOQ II), in order to analyse the psychometric properties of the instrument and to validate it. METHODS: The Portuguese COPSOQ II was issued to a total of 745 Portuguese employees from both private and public organisations across several economic sectors at a baseline and then 2 weeks later...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807832/pattern-of-exposure-to-information-and-its-impacts-on-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-uptake-in-nurses
#16
Edward Ka Hin Cheung, Sing Lee, Shui Shan Lee
BACKGROUND: Coverage of annual influenza vaccination of healthcare workers (HCWs) varies and remains at a sub-optimal level in many countries. As HCWs are often exposed to a variety of information on vaccination, their pattern of exposure may impact their decision, which deserves further investigation. METHOD: Practising nurses in Hong Kong were invited to participate in an anonymous online survey in February 2015, after the winter seasonal peak. The questionnaire covered demographics, work nature and experiences, vaccination uptake history and reasons for vaccination decisions...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806486/farmworker-vulnerability-to-heat-hazards-a-conceptual-framework
#17
Valerie Vi Thien Mac, Linda A McCauley
PURPOSE: To review factors that impact the effect of hot environments on the human body in order to develop a conceptual model of human biological response. METHODS: The organizing concept for the model development was the multilevel integration of three major factors, exposure to heat, sensitivity and adaptive capacity, and the heat stress response. Exposure of a vulnerable occupational group was used to illustrate the components of the model. FINDINGS: Components of this framework include the hazard (environmental heat stress), vulnerability factors (workplace exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity), and the heat stress response...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806144/particle-size-distributions-of-lead-measured-in-battery-manufacturing-and-secondary-smelter-facilities-and-implications-in-setting-workplace-lead-exposure-limits
#18
Catherine Petito Boyce, Sonja N Sax, Joel M Cohen
Inhalation plays an important role in exposures to lead in airborne particulate matter in occupational settings, and particle size determines where and how much of airborne lead is deposited in the respiratory tract and how much is subsequently absorbed into the body. Although some occupational airborne lead particle size data have been published, limited information is available reflecting current workplace conditions in the U.S. To address this data gap, the Battery Council International (BCI) conducted workplace monitoring studies at nine lead acid battery manufacturing facilities (BMFs) and five secondary smelter facilities (SSFs) across the U...
August 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805426/detecting-and-differentiating-the-direction-of-change-and-intervention-effects-in-randomized-trials
#19
Todd E Bodner, Paul D Bliese
Calls continue for randomized interventions in organizational settings. In many cases, however, practical constraints require researchers to use 2-wave randomized pretest-posttest control group designs. We discuss the importance of randomized trials for theory development with a focus on analytic options for 2-wave designs. Our discussion has implications for both designing studies and interpreting results. We review 23 published work and organizational health psychology intervention studies and find that a majority of studies featured a statistical model known to have low statistical power relative to other options...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805425/cheating-under-pressure-a-self-protection-model-of-workplace-cheating-behavior
#20
Marie S Mitchell, Michael D Baer, Maureen L Ambrose, Robert Folger, Noel F Palmer
Workplace cheating behavior is unethical behavior that seeks to create an unfair advantage and enhance benefits for the actor. Although cheating is clearly unwanted behavior within organizations, organizations may unknowingly increase cheating as a byproduct of their pursuit of high performance. We theorize that as organizations place a strong emphasis on high levels of performance, they may also enhance employees' self-interested motives and need for self-protection. We suggest that demands for high performance may elicit performance pressure-the subjective experience that employees must raise their performance efforts or face significant consequences...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
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