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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550845/the-clinical-management-of-awake-bruxism
#1
Ronald E Goldstein, Wendy Auclair Clark
BACKGROUND: Awake bruxism is a common clinical condition that often goes undetected, often leading to pain or damaged teeth and restorations. METHODS: The authors searched electronic databases regarding the treatment and effects of awake bruxism compared with those of sleep bruxism. The authors used the search terms diurnal bruxism and oral parafunction. The authors combined information from relevant literature with clinical experience to establish a recommended protocol for diagnosis and treatment...
June 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549486/the-effect-of-chlormadinone-acetate-on-odontogenic-differentiation-of-human-dental-pulp-cells-in-vitro-study
#2
Se-Min Kim, Bin-Na Lee, Jeong-Tae Koh, Hoon-Sang Chang, In-Nam Hwang, Won-Mann Oh, Kyung-San Min, Yun-Chan Hwang
BACKGROUND: Chlormadinone acetate (CMA) is a derivative of progesterone and is used as an oral contraceptive. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of CMA on odontogenic differentiation and mineralization of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs) and related signaling pathways. METHODS: Cell viability was determined by the water-soluble tetrazolium (WST)-1 assay. Odontogenic differentiation of hDPCs was evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction using odontogenic marker genes, such as alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteocalcin (OCN), dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), and dentin matrix protein-1 (DMP-1)...
May 26, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549260/identification-of-oral-cavity-biofilm-forming-bacteria-and-determination-of-their-growth-inhibition-by-acacia-arabica-tamarix-aphylla-l-and-melia-azedarach-l-medicinal-plants
#3
Muhammad Khalid, Danial Hassani, Muhammad Bilal, Zahid Ali Butt, Muhammad Hamayun, Ayaz Ahmad, Danfeng Huang, Anwar Hussain
OBJECTIVE: Biofilms are complex, multi-species bacterial communities that colonize the oral cavity in the form of plaque and are known to cause dental caries and periodontal disease. Present study demonstrated the potential of three selected medicinal plants against isolated and identified dental biofilm forming strains. METHODS: Pathogenic bacteria from dental biofilms were isolated, cultured, identified by phylogenetic analysis using PCR-based 16S ribosomal RNA (or 16S rRNA) nucleotide sequences and were analyzed for their biofilm forming capability...
May 18, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548883/simultaneous-detection-of-oral-pathogens-in-subgingival-plaque-and-prostatic-fluid-of-men-with-periodontal-and-prostatic-diseases
#4
John Estemalik, Catherine Demko, Nabil F Bissada, Nishant Joshi, Donald Bodner, Eswar Shankar, Sanjay Gupta
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis (CP) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are complex inflammatory conditions for which the etiological determinants are still poorly defined. Periodontitis is caused by subgingival colonizing bacteria in the oral cavity. The causal effect of periodontal disease on prostatic inflammation has not been established. The purpose of this study is to isolate oral pathogens from expressed prostatic secretions of patients with periodontal disease and chronic prostatitis or benign prostatic hyperplasia...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547773/dental-and-periodontal-health-and-microbiological-and-salivary-conditions-in-patients-with-or-without-diabetes-undergoing-haemodialysis
#5
Gerhard Schmalz, Nora Schiffers, Sandra Schwabe, Radovan Vasko, Gerhard A Müller, Rainer Haak, Rainer F Mausberg, Dirk Ziebolz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the dental and periodontal health, as well as the microbiological and salivary conditions, of patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM) who are receiving haemodialysis. METHODS: One-hundred and fifty-nine haemodialysis patients were included and divided into groups according to the pre-existing diabetes status: DM or no DM. The oral examination included dental findings and assessment of the periodontal situation...
June 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546970/the-impact-of-mother-s-literacy-on-child-dental-caries-individual-data-or-aggregate-data-analysis
#6
Ali-Akbar Haghdoost, Hossein Hessari, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Maryam Rad, Arash Shahravan
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the impact of mother's literacy on child dental caries based on a national oral health survey in Iran and to investigate the possibility of ecological fallacy in aggregate data analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Existing data were from second national oral health survey that was carried out in 2004, which including 8725 6 years old participants. The association of mother's literacy with caries occurrence (DMF (Decayed, Missing, Filling) total score >0) of her child was assessed using individual data by logistic regression model...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546811/antimicrobial-activity-of-a-cationic-guanidine-compound-against-two-pathogenic-oral-bacteria
#7
E Escamilla-García, A G Alcázar-Pizaña, J C Segoviano-Ramírez, C Del Angel-Mosqueda, A P López-Lozano, E Cárdenas-Estrada, M A De La Garza-Ramos, C E Medina-De La Garza, M Márquez
This study evaluated the potential antimicrobial properties of a polyguanidine (CatDex) on two oral bacteria. Chlorhexidine gluconate 1340 μmoL L(-1) (CHX 0.12%) was used as control. Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) were grown in BHI media. Bacterial sensitivity and antimicrobial activity were determined by the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and Kirby-Bauer methods. To study side effects, that is, toxicity, dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) were used. Fluorometric cytotoxicity and confocal microscopy assays were used in order to test cell viability...
2017: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546591/the-healthcare-system-and-the-provision-of-oral-healthcare-in-european-union-member-states-part-8-italy
#8
M Bindi, C Paganelli, K A Eaton, E Widström
In Italy healthcare is provided for all Italian citizens and residents and it is delivered mainly by public providers, with some private or private-public entities. Italy's public healthcare system - the Servizio Sanitario Nazionale (SSN) - is organised by the Ministry of Health and administered on a devolved regional basis. It is financed by general taxation that provides universal coverage, largely free of charge at the point of service. The central government establishes the basic national health benefits package, which must be uniformly provided throughout the country, through services guaranteed under the NHS provision called LEA - (Livelli Essenziali di Assistenza [Essential Level of Assistance]) and allocates national funds to the regions...
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546588/the-perceived-acceptability-of-the-deppa-patient-assessment-tool-a-questionnaire-survey-of-denplan-excel-patients
#9
J T Newton, K Asimakopoulou
Aim To establish the perceived acceptability of the use of the Denplan/Previser Patient Assessment tool (DEPPA) by patients. The secondary aim was to examine dental practitioners' views about the effects of a DEPPA consultation on patients' future oral health behaviours.Method Two questionnaire surveys: 365 patients attending general dental practice, who had been assessed using the DEPPA software; 12 dental practitioners who had completed a DEPPA assessment on the patients. Participants (both patients and GDPs) completed the Treatment Evaluation Inventory (TEI) to ascertain their views of the DEPPA assessment...
May 26, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544762/the-effect-of-a-tooth-tongue-gel-and-mouthwash-regimen-on-morning-oral-malodour-a-3-week-single-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
E Van der Sluijs, G A Van der Weijden, N L Hennequin-Hoenderdos, D E Slot
AIM: To compare the effects of a regimen consisting of a tooth/tongue gel, tongue cleaner and mouthwash with the effects of using standard fluoride dentifrice on the organoleptic oral malodour score (ORG) and volatile sulphur compounds (VSCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total, 66 non-dental students participated in a 3-week parallel, single-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. The test group used a tongue cleaner, a tooth/tongue gel and mouthwash containing amine fluoride/stannous fluoride and zinc lactate as oral malodour counteractive...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544700/income-inequality-and-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-12-years-old-children-a-multi-level-analysis
#11
Mario Vianna Vettore, Salma Efhima, Carolina Machuca, Gabriela de Almeida Lamarca
BACKGROUND/AIM: Contextual socioeconomic factors have been associated with traumatic dental injuries (TDIs). However, evidence concerning the role of income inequality on TDIs in children is scarce.The aim of this study was to investigate the association between contextual income inequality over a ten-year period and TDIs in Brazilian children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study population comprised a representative sample of 5027 children aged 12 years who participated in the Brazilian oral health survey in 2010...
May 24, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544590/location-of-implant-retained-fixed-dentures-affects-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#12
Maoko Hara, Takashi Matsumoto, Sawako Yokoyama, Daisuke Higuchi, Kazuyoshi Baba
BACKGROUND: The effects of the locations of dental implants on treatment outcomes, as evaluated by oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) assessment, remain controversial. PURPOSE: To investigate the association between the locations of dental implants and changes in OHRQoL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-eight subjects received implant treatment in the anterior or posterior region and completed the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) questionnaire before and after treatment...
May 25, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544459/plaque-removal-with-triple-headed-vs-single-headed-manual-toothbrushes-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
S M Kalf-Scholte, G A Van der Weijden, Ewp Bakker, D E Slot
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to establish the effectiveness of brushing with a triple-headed manual toothbrush compared to a single-headed manual toothbrush on plaque removal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MEDLINE-PubMed and Cochrane-CENTRAL databases were searched. The inclusion criteria were clinical trials conducted with humans without fixed orthodontic appliances who were not dental care professionals. Papers that evaluated the effect of toothbrushing with a triple-headed manual toothbrush compared to a single-headed manual toothbrush on plaque removal were included...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544064/obesity-is-inversely-related-to-the-risks-of-dental-caries-in-korean-adults
#14
In-Seok Song, Kyungdo Han, Jae-Jun Ryu, Jun-Beom Park
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether obesity is linked with dental caries. The present study hypothesized that obesity may influence the number or prevalence of dental caries in Korean adults. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data was derived from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey performed at 2008-2010. Lifestyle, sociodemographic, and biochemical variables were analyzed. Indices related with obesity, sarcopenia, and metabolic syndrome were investigated...
May 20, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543627/dental-insurance-service-use-and-health-outcomes-in-australia-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Emmanuel Gnanamanickam, Dana Teusner, Peter Arrow, David S Brennan
Private Health Insurance plays a key role in financing dental care in Australia. Having private dental insurance has been associated with higher levels of access to dental care, visiting for a check-up, and receiving a favourable pattern of services. Associations with better oral health have also been reported. In the absence of any existing review, this paper aims to systematically review the relationship between dental insurance and dental service use and, or oral health outcomes in Australia. A systematic search of online databases and subsequent sifting resulted in 36 publications, 33 of which were cross-sectional and three cohort analyses...
May 25, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543391/medication-discrepancies-in-the-dental-record-and-impact-of-pharmacist-led-intervention
#16
Hailey J Choi, Autumn L Stewart, Chunhao Tu
BACKGROUND: Patients frequently use medications with potential implications for oral health and dental procedures, yet little is known about the accuracy of medication lists available to dentists. The aims of this study were to describe the frequency and clinical implications of medication discrepancies in the dental record (phase 1) and to evaluate the impact of pharmacist intervention on medication reconciliation processes in dental practice (phase 2). METHODS: A prospective, single-centre study evaluating adults receiving dental care was conducted...
May 20, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543227/implant-dentistry-in-australia-the-present-and-future-a-survey-of-australian-dentists-and-specialists
#17
Y N Guo, J E Dudley, R M Logan, L C Richards
BACKGROUND: In recent years, implant dentistry has become a routine part of many general dental practices in Australia. However, there has been little information regarding its extent and scope. This investigation aimed to address this issue by surveying Australian general dental practitioners (GDPs) and relevant specialists regarding their practice of implant dentistry. METHODS: Anonymous electronic surveys were designed online using SurveyMonkey(™) and delivered to the following professional bodies: all seven State/Territory branches of the Australian Dental Association, the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Periodontists, the Australian and New Zealand Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, and prosthodontist members of the Australian Prosthodontic Society...
May 25, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542981/dental-providers-and-pharmacists-a-call-for-enhanced-interprofessional-collaboration
#18
Henning Lygre, Reidun Lisbet Skeide Kjome, Hailey Choi, Autumn L Stewart
Reports concerning medication discrepancies in dental records indicate that the concept of interprofessional collaboration between the dental team and pharmacists should be considered at all educational levels in dentistry and pharmacy. Inclusion of oral health as a therapeutic area in didactic pharmacy curricula is needed. Early exposure of dental students and student pharmacists to collaborative practices through interprofessional educational experiences may create a higher degree of awareness of the role of each profession and the potential to improve patient outcomes...
May 21, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540716/single-dose-oral-ketoprofen-or-dexketoprofen-for-acute-postoperative-pain-in-adults
#19
REVIEW
Helen Gaskell, Sheena Derry, Philip J Wiffen, R Andrew Moore
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of "Single dose oral ketoprofen and dexketoprofen for acute postoperative pain in adults" last updated in Issue 4, 2009. Ketoprofen is a non-selective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used to treat acute and chronic painful conditions. Dexketoprofen is the (S)-enantiomer, which is believed to confer analgesia. Theoretically dexketoprofen is expected to provide equivalent analgesia to ketoprofen at half the dose, with a consequent reduction in gastrointestinal adverse events...
May 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540394/clinical-efficacy-of-a-two-year-oral-health-programme-for-infants-and-toddlers-in-singapore
#20
Bien Lai, Wee Kiat Tan, Qing Shu Lu
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries, which is prevalent in Singapore preschoolers, is a disease that has a major impact on children's health and places a high cost on the society and health services. Oral health programmes for young children implemented in several parts of the world have been shown to be effective in the prevention of dental caries. We aimed to examine the clinical efficacy of an oral health programme for infants and toddlers in Singapore. METHODS: 90 children and their caregivers participated in the programme while 64 children who were 24 months older than the intervention group at initial visit were recruited as controls in a quasi-experimental study design...
May 25, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
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