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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749530/parents-willingness-to-invest-in-their-children-s-oral-health
#1
Jannetje Berendsen, Clarissa Bonifacio, Martine van Gemert-Schriks, Cor van Loveren, Erik Verrips, Denise Duijster
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate parents' Willingness to Invest (WTI) in their children's oral health in terms of money, visits to a dental practice, and brushing minutes. Objectives were to assess the association between parents' WTI and a) children's dental caries experience, b) children's oral hygiene behavior (OHB), and c) maternal education level and ethnic background. METHODS: A sample of 630 five to six-year-old-children was recruited from pediatric dental centers in the Netherlands...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748528/parenting-practices-and-children-s-dental-caries-experience-a-structural-equation-modelling-approach
#2
S Kumar, J Tadakamadla, M J Zimmer-Gembeck, J Kroon, R Lalloo, N W Johnson
AIM: To evaluate the direct and mediated associations between parenting practices and dental caries experience in Indian school children. METHODS: The target population consisted of school children and their parents (N=1539) of Medak district in the state of Telangana, India. Parents completed a questionnaire that consisted of questions related to socioeconomic status (SES), family structure, the number of children, their own oral hygiene behaviour and parenting practices...
July 27, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748175/inhibition-of-the-quorum-sensing-system-comde-pathway-by-aromatic-1-3-di-m-tolylurea-dmtu-cariostatic-effect-with-fluoride-in-wistar-rats
#3
Gurmeet Kaur, P Balamurugan, S Adline Princy
Dental caries occurs as a result of dysbiosis among commensal and pathogenic bacteria leading to demineralization of enamel within a dental biofilm (plaque) as a consequence of lower pH in the oral cavity. In our previous study, we have reported 1,3-disubstituted ureas particularly, 1,3-di-m-tolylurea (DMTU) could inhibit the biofilm formation along with lower concentrations of fluoride (31.25 ppm) without affecting bacterial growth. In the present study, RT-qPCR analysis showed the target specific molecular mechanism of DMTU...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748043/fluoride-resistance-in-streptococcus-mutans-a-mini-review
#4
REVIEW
Ying Liao, Bernd W Brandt, Jiyao Li, Wim Crielaard, Cor Van Loveren, Dong Mei Deng
For decades, fluoride has been used extensively as an anti-caries agent. It not only protects dental hard tissue, but also inhibits bacterial growth and metabolism. The antimicrobial action of fluoride is shown in three main aspects: the acidogenicity, acidurance, and adherence to the tooth surface. To counteract the toxic effect of fluoride, oral bacteria are able to develop resistance to fluoride through either phenotypic adaptation or genotypic changes. Strains that acquire fluoride resistance through the latter route show stable resistance and can usually resist much higher fluoride levels than the corresponding wild-type strain...
2017: Journal of Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748031/antibiofilm-peptides-against-oral-biofilms
#5
Zhejun Wang, Ya Shen, Markus Haapasalo
The oral cavity is a major entry point for bacteria and other microorganisms. Oral biofilms are formed by mixed communities of microorganisms embedded in an exopolysaccharide matrix. Biofilms forming on dental hard or soft tissue are the major cause of caries and endodontic and periodontal disease. Human oral biofilms exhibit high resistance to antimicrobial agents. Antibiofilm peptides constitute a diverse class of host-defense molecules that act to combat invasion and infection with biofilms. Different in vitro and in vivo biofilm models with quantitative analysis have been established to provide predictable platforms for the evaluation of the antibiofilm effect of oral antibiofilm peptides...
2017: Journal of Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747596/intraoral-electric-potential-via-oral-bacterial-power-generation-a-novel-mechanism-of-biofilm-formation
#6
Takashi Kameda, Shun-Ya Oka, Yuko Morozumi, Kazuto Terada, Atsushi Toyama, Kazuo Ohkuma, Mitsuru Kudo, Fujio Ikeda
In the early stages of biofilm accumulation, the electric charge of the dental enamel and pellicle surfaces is known to be involved. We therefore investigated the relationship between oral hygiene and intraoral electric potential (IoP) in 45 male participants using a double-blind study. IoP, but not body surface electric potential, was loosely correlated with oral hygiene condition (Oral Hygiene Index; OHI). IoP was also loosely correlated with smartphone use; however, there was no significant correlation between smartphone use and OHI...
July 26, 2017: Dental Materials Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747157/oral-health-literacy-and-oral-health-outcomes-in-an-adult-population-in-brazil
#7
Marília Jesus Batista, Herenia Procopio Lawrence, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between critical and communicative oral health literacy (OHL) and oral health outcomes (status, oral health-related quality of life and practices) in adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study examined a household probability sample of 248 adults, representing 149,635 residents (20-64 years old) in Piracicaba-SP, Brazil. Clinical oral health and socioeconomic and demographic data, as well as data on oral health-related quality of life (OHIP-14) and health practices were collected...
July 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746658/relationship-between-periodontal-disease-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-young-and-middle-aged-brazilians-cross-sectional-study
#8
Alessandra Carvalho Goulart, Favius Armani, Astrid Marie Arap, Thais Nejm, Juliana Barros Andrade, Henry Bittar Bufarah, Danielli Haddad Syllos Dezen
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested in the literature that periodontal disease (PD) is associated with cardiovascular risk. The objective of this study was to appraise the relationship between periodontal disease (gingivitis and periodontitis) and traditional cardiovascular risk factors (obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes and metabolic syndrome) among young and middle-aged adults attended at a health promotion and check-up center in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at the Health Promotion and Check-up Center of Hospital Sírio-Libanês, São Paulo, Brazil...
May 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746465/orofacial-characteristics-of-functionally-independent-elders
#9
Danielle Nunes Moura Silva, Erica de Araújo Brandão Couto, Helena Maria Gonçalves Becker, Maria Aparecida Camargos Bicalho
Purpose: to understand the main orofacial characteristics of functionally independent elderly individuals and to investigate their association with age, gender, socioeconomic level, and dental status. Methods: an observational, cross-sectional, and analytical study was carried out with a non-probabilistic sample. Inclusion criteria: minimum age of 60 years, individual in good health conditions according to a pre-established protocol published by the health care service...
July 20, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746320/c-reactive-protein-in-periodontitis-and-its-comparison-with-body-mass-index-and-smoking-behaviour
#10
S Gupta, S Pradhan, S Kc, S Shakya, M Giri
INTRODUCTION: Chronic periodontitis is an infectious disease resulting in inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth, progressive attachment loss, and bone loss. In addition to declining oral health, there is always low grade infection present in periodontitis. Studies show increased levels of systemic biomarkers in periodontal disease such as CRP, which is considered a key-marker of CVD. Research has also shown positive association between BMI and smoking with periodontitis and CRP...
April 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746260/perinatal-hiv-infection-and-exposure-and-their-association-with-dental-caries-in-nigerian-children
#11
Modupe Coker, Samer El-Kamary, Cyril Enwonwu, William Blattner, Patricia Langenberg, Emmanuel Mongodin, Paul Akhigbe, Ozo Obuekwe, Austin Omoigberale, Manhattan Charurat
BACKGROUND: Although HIV infection is associated with well-known oral pathologies, there remains a dearth of comparative studies aimed at determining the association between HIV infection/exposure and early childhood caries. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using a convenience sample of 3 groups of children receiving care at a tertiary care hospital in Nigeria. The groups include HIV infected (HI); HIV exposed but uninfected (HEU); and HIV unexposed and uninfected (HUU) children aged 6 through 72 months...
July 19, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745803/measuring-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-the-use-of-dental-care-services-among-older-adults-in-brazil
#12
Fabíola Bof de Andrade, Flávia Cristina Drumond Andrade, Kenya Noronha
OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives are to assess socioeconomic inequality in the use of dental care among older Brazilian adults and to analyse the extent to which certain determinants contribute to that inequality. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using data from the National Oral Health Survey conducted in 2010. All individuals answered a structured questionnaire containing questions on their use of dental care and socioeconomic conditions and underwent a clinical oral examination by a dentist...
July 26, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744899/selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-and-dental-implant-failure-a-significant-concern-in-elders
#13
Bhumija Gupta, Aneesha Acharya, Georgios Pelekos, Dharmarajan Gopalakrishnan, Antonia Kolokythas
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a significantly prevalent health concern in geriatric populations. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor drugs (SSRI) are the most commonly prescribed antidepressant agents, with increasing rates of prescription. The present report aimed to present a concise review of the current understanding regarding SSRI effects on bone and dental implant outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A broad-based review and summary of literature pertaining to the effects of SSRI on bone metabolism and on dental implant survival was performed...
July 26, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744872/antibiotic-prescription-for-endodontic-infections-a-survey-of-brazilian-endodontists
#14
M R Bolfoni, F G Pappen, T Pereira-Cenci, R C Jacinto
AIM: To investigate antibiotic prescribing habits reported by Brazilian Endodontists in specific clinical situations. METHODOLOGY: Brazilian endodontists (n=13,853) were invited to answer an on-line questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of two parts: the first part contained personal data such as age, gender, years of experience and location of endodontic practice; the second part included questions regarding dentists' behavior when prescribing antibiotics in dental practice...
July 26, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743291/theory-based-interventions-for-caries-related-sugar-intake-in-adults-systematic-review
#15
Said Hartih Al Rawahi, Koula Asimakopoulou, Jonathon Timothy Newton
BACKGROUND: Theories of behavior change are essential in the design of effective behaviour change strategies. No studies have assessed the effectiveness of interventions based on psychological theories to reduce sugar intake related to dental caries. The study assessed the effect of interventions based on Social Congition Models (SCMs) on sugar intake in adults, when compared with educational interventions or no intervention. METHODS: A range of papers were considered: Systematic review Systematic Reviews with or without Meta Analyses; Randomised Controlled Trials; Controlled Clinical Trials and Before and after studies, of interventions based on Social Cognition Models aimed at dietary intake of sugar in adults...
July 25, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743239/acid-tolerance-properties-of-dental-biofilms-in-vivo
#16
A Senneby, J R Davies, G Svensäter, J Neilands
BACKGROUND: The ecological plaque hypothesis explains caries development as the result of the enrichment of acid tolerant bacteria in dental biofilms in response to prolonged periods of low pH. Acid production by an acid tolerant microflora causes demineralisation of tooth enamel and thus, individuals with a greater proportion of acid tolerant bacteria would be expected to be more prone to caries development. Biofilm acid tolerance could therefore be a possible biomarker for caries prediction...
July 25, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743214/management-of-dental-patients-receiving-antiplatelet-therapy-or-chronic-oral-anticoagulation-a-review-of-the-latest-evidence
#17
Csaba András Dézsi, Balázs Bence Dézsi, András Döme Dézsi
The perioperative management of patients treated with antithrombotic medications who undergo surgical procedures represents a common clinical problem. Dental interventions are usually associated with a low risk of bleeding; however, the dental implications of new antithrombotic agents are not yet fully understood. The present review is based on the latest evidence and recommendations published on the periprocedural management of dental patients treated with single or dual antiplatelet therapy, vitamin K antagonists, or direct oral anticoagulants for a variety of indications...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742297/less-common-oral-diseases-of-medical-significance
#18
Scott S De Rossi, Katharine Ciarrocca
The oral cavity is frequently involved in conditions that affect the skin or other multi-organ diseases. In many instances, oral involvement precedes the appearance of other symptoms or lesions at other locations. Anatomically, the mouth is easily accessible. An astute dental provider has the opportunity to observe physical and oral conditions that might include undiagnosed or poorly managed systemic disease. This article reviews four less common oral disease of medical significance.
September 2016: Journal—California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742295/common-oral-manifestations-of-select-systemic-diseases-anemia-diabetes-mellitus-and-hiv
#19
Sahar Mirfarsi, Eric T Stoopler, Ho-Hyun (Brian) Sun, Jeffrey A Elo
In this article, we discuss several common abnormal signs and symptoms that may be present in the oral cavity initially with or without any systemic symptoms at a typical dental practice. The purpose of this discussion is to increase clinical awareness for establishing differential diagnoses so that patients may obtain appropriate referrals for appropriate medical treatment.
September 2016: Journal—California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742239/a-scoping-review-of-skills-and-tools-oral-health-professionals-need-to-engage-children-and-parents-in-dietary-changes-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-and-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#20
Lisa F Mallonee, Linda D Boyd, Cynthia Stegeman
OBJECTIVES: Increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) has been linked to obesity. Obesity now affects one in six children in the United States. The purpose of this scoping review is to identify and review published studies that discuss skills and tools oral health professionals can use with children (under age 12) and their parents to encourage dietary changes to aid in preventing childhood obesity and reducing consumption of SSBs. METHODS: Key search terms were identified and used to examine selected databases via PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
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