keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Microfluidics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102869/design-considerations-to-minimize-the-impact-of-drug-absorption-in-polymer-based-organ-on-a-chip-platforms
#1
V S Shirure, S C George
Biocompatible polymers, such as polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), are the materials of choice for creating organ-on-a-chip microfluidic platforms. Desirable qualities include ease of fabrication, optical clarity, and hydrophobicity, the latter of which facilitates oxygen transport to encased cells. An emerging and important application of organ-on-a-chip technology is drug discovery; however, a potential issue for polymer-based microfluidic devices has been highlighted by recent studies with PDMS, which have demonstrated absorption (and thus loss) of hydrophobic drugs into PDMS under certain experimental conditions...
January 19, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102868/control-and-automation-of-multilayered-integrated-microfluidic-device-fabrication
#2
Sarit Kipper, Ludmila Frolov, Ortal Guy, Michal Pellach, Yair Glick, Asaf Malichi, Binyamin A Knisbacher, Efrat Barbiro-Michaely, Dorit Avrahami, Yehuda Yavets-Chen, Erez Y Levanon, Doron Gerber
Integrated microfluidics is a sophisticated three-dimensional (multi layer) solution for high complexity serial or parallel processes. Fabrication of integrated microfluidic devices requires soft lithography and the stacking of thin-patterned PDMS layers. Precise layer alignment and bonding is crucial. There are no previously reported standards for alignment of the layers, which is mostly performed using uncontrolled processes with very low alignment success. As a result, integrated microfluidics is mostly used in academia rather than in the many potential industrial applications...
January 19, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102731/microfluidic-whole-blood-testing-of-platelet-response-to-pharmacological-agents
#3
Ruizhi Li, Tilo Grosser, Scott L Diamond
Platelets present a number of intracellular and transmembrane targets subject to pharmacological modulation, either for cardiovascular disease reduction or as an unintended drug response. Microfluidic devices allow human blood to clot on a defined surface under controlled hemodynamic and pharmacological conditions. The potencies of a number of antiplatelet and anticancer drugs have been tested with respect to platelet deposition on collagen under flow. Inhibitors of cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) reduce platelet deposition, either when added ex vivo to blood or ingested orally by patients prior to testing...
January 19, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102670/microfluidization-of-graphite-and-formulation-of-graphene-based-conductive-inks
#4
Panagiotis G Karagiannidis, Stephen A Hodge, Lucia Lombardi, Flavia Tomarchio, Nicolas Decorde, Silvia Milana, Ilya Goykhman, Yang Su, Steven V Mesite, Duncan N Johnstone, Rowan K Leary, Paul A Midgley, Nicola M Pugno, Felice Torrisi, Andrea C Ferrari
We report the exfoliation of graphite in aqueous solutions under high shear rate turbulent flow conditions, with a 100\% exfoliation yield. The material is stabilized without centrifugation at concentrations up to 100 g/L using carboxymethylcellulose sodium salt to formulate conductive printable inks. The sheet resistance of blade coated films is below~2Ω/□. This is a simple and scalable production route for conductive inks for large area printing in flexible electronics.
January 19, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102402/brillouin-flow-cytometry-for-label-free-mechanical-phenotyping-of-the-nucleus
#5
Jitao Zhang, Xuefei A Nou, Hanyoup Kim, Giuliano Scarcelli
The mechanical properties of the nucleus are closely related to many cellular functions; thus, measuring nuclear mechanical properties is crucial to our understanding of cell biomechanics and could lead to intrinsic biophysical contrast mechanisms to classify cells. Although many technologies have been developed to characterize cell stiffness, they generally require contact with the cell and thus cannot provide direct information on nuclear mechanical properties. In this work, we developed a flow cytometry technique based on an all-optical measurement to measure nuclear mechanical properties by integrating Brillouin spectroscopy with microfluidics...
January 19, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101538/recent-advances-in-engineering-microparticles-and-their-nascent-utilization-in-biomedical-delivery-and-diagnostic-applications
#6
REVIEW
Andrew Choi, Kyoung Duck Seo, Do Wan Kim, Bum Chang Kim, Dong Sung Kim
Complex microparticles (MPs) bearing unique characteristics such as well-tailored sizes, various morphologies, and multi-compartments have been attempted to be produced by many researchers in the past decades. However, a conventionally used method of fabricating MPs, emulsion polymerization, has a limitation in achieving the aforementioned characteristics and several approaches such as the microfluidics-assisted (droplet-based microfluidics and flow lithography-based microfluidics), electrohydrodynamics (EHD)-based, centrifugation-based, and template-based methods have been recently suggested to overcome this limitation...
January 17, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101131/using-flow-technologies-to-direct-the-synthesis-and-assembly-of-materials-in-solution
#7
REVIEW
K Robertson
In the pursuit of materials with structure-related function, directing the assembly of materials is paramount. The resultant structure can be controlled by ordering of reactants, spatial confinement and control over the reaction/crystallisation times and stoichiometries. These conditions can be administered through the use of flow technologies as evidenced by the growing widespread application of microfluidics for the production of nanomaterials; the function of which is often dictated or circumscribed by size...
2017: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100835/good-to-the-last-emulsified-drop
#8
Cesar M Castro
Nanoliter scale droplets sealed and encapsulated in solid PEFE polymer shells are combined with graphical coding to advance droplet microfluidics.
January 18, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098968/functional-microcapsules-via-thiol-ene-photopolymerization-in-droplet-based-microfluidics
#9
Douglas V Amato, Hyomin Lee, Joerg G Werner, David A Weitz, Derek L Patton
Thiol-ene chemistry was exploited in droplet-based microfluidics to fabricate advanced microcapsules with tunable encapsulation, degradation, and thermal properties. In addition, by utilizing the thiol-ene photopolymerization with tunable crosslink density, we demonstrate the importance of monomer conversion on the retention of omniphilic cargo in double emulsion templated microcapsules. Furthermore, we highlight the rapid cure kinetics afforded by thiol-ene chemistry in a continuous flow photopatterning device for hemispherical microparticle production...
January 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097236/lung-vaso-occlusion-in-sickle-cell-disease-mediated-by-arteriolar-neutrophil-platelet-microemboli
#10
Margaret F Bennewitz, Maritza A Jimenez, Ravi Vats, Egemen Tutuncuoglu, Jude Jonassaint, Gregory J Kato, Mark T Gladwin, Prithu Sundd
In patients with sickle cell disease (SCD), the polymerization of intraerythrocytic hemoglobin S promotes downstream vaso-occlusive events in the microvasculature. While vaso-occlusion is known to occur in the lung, often in the context of systemic vaso-occlusive crisis and the acute chest syndrome, the pathophysiological mechanisms that incite lung injury are unknown. We used intravital microscopy of the lung in transgenic humanized SCD mice to monitor acute vaso-occlusive events following an acute dose of systemic lipopolysaccharide sufficient to trigger events in SCD but not control mice...
January 12, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096941/transport-of-biomolecules-to-binding-partners-displayed-on-the-surface-of-microbeads-arrayed-in-traps-in-a-microfluidic-cell
#11
Xiaoxiao Chen, Thomas F Leary, Charles Maldarelli
Arrays of probe molecules integrated into a microfluidic cell are utilized as analytical tools to screen the binding interactions of the displayed probes against a target molecule. These assay platforms are useful in enzyme or antibody discovery, clinical diagnostics, and biosensing, as their ultraminiaturized design allows for high sensitivity and reduced consumption of reagents and target. We study here a platform in which the probes are first grafted to microbeads which are then arrayed in the microfluidic cell by capture in a trapping course...
January 2017: Biomicrofluidics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096363/an-rna-based-signature-enables-high-specificity-detection-of-circulating-tumor-cells-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#12
Mark Kalinich, Irun Bhan, Tanya T Kwan, David T Miyamoto, Sarah Javaid, Joseph A LiCausi, John D Milner, Xin Hong, Lipika Goyal, Srinjoy Sil, Melissa Choz, Uyen Ho, Ravi Kapur, Alona Muzikansky, Huidan Zhang, David A Weitz, Lecia V Sequist, David P Ryan, Raymond T Chung, Andrew X Zhu, Kurt J Isselbacher, David T Ting, Mehmet Toner, Shyamala Maheswaran, Daniel A Haber
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are shed into the bloodstream by invasive cancers, but the difficulty inherent in identifying these rare cells by microscopy has precluded their routine use in monitoring or screening for cancer. We recently described a high-throughput microfluidic CTC-iChip, which efficiently depletes hematopoietic cells from blood specimens and enriches for CTCs with well-preserved RNA. Application of RNA-based digital PCR to detect CTC-derived signatures may thus enable highly accurate tissue lineage-based cancer detection in blood specimens...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092949/label-free-separation-of-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-with-anti-ssea-1-antibody-immobilized-microfluidic-channel
#13
Akihisa Otaka, Kazuki Kitagawa, Takahiko Nakaoki, Mitsuhi Hirata, Kyoko Fukazawa, Kazuhiko Ishihara, Atsushi Mahara, Tetsuji Yamaoka
When induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) is routinely cultured, the obtained cells are a heterogeneous mixture, including feeder cells and partially differentiated cells. Therefore, a purification process is required to use them in a clinical stage. We described a label-free separation of iPSCs using a microfluidic channel. Antibodies against stage-specific embryonic antigen 1 (SSEA-1) was covalently immobilized on the channel coated with a phospholipid polymer. After injection of the heterogeneous cell suspension containing iPSCs, the velocity of cell movement under a liquid flow condition was measured...
January 16, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092941/21st-century-cell-culture-for-21st-century-toxicology
#14
David Pamies, Thomas Hartung
There is no good science in bad models. Cell culture is especially prone to artifacts. A number of novel cell culture technologies have become more broadly available in the 21st century, which allow overcoming limitations of traditional culture and are more physiologically relevant. These include the use of stem-cell derived human cells, cocultures of different cell types, scaffolds and extracellular matrices, perfusion platforms (such as microfluidics), 3D culture, organ-on-chip technologies, tissue architecture, and organ functionality...
January 17, 2017: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092698/microfluidics-and-miniaturization-2017
#15
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092692/smile-seq-identifies-binding-motifs-of-single-and-dimeric-transcription-factors
#16
Alina Isakova, Romain Groux, Michael Imbeault, Pernille Rainer, Daniel Alpern, Riccardo Dainese, Giovanna Ambrosini, Didier Trono, Philipp Bucher, Bart Deplancke
Resolving the DNA-binding specificities of transcription factors (TFs) is of critical value for understanding gene regulation. Here, we present a novel, semiautomated protein-DNA interaction characterization technology, selective microfluidics-based ligand enrichment followed by sequencing (SMiLE-seq). SMiLE-seq is neither limited by DNA bait length nor biased toward strong affinity binders; it probes the DNA-binding properties of TFs over a wide affinity range in a fast and cost-effective fashion. We validated SMiLE-seq by analyzing 58 full-length human, mouse, and Drosophila TFs from distinct structural classes...
January 16, 2017: Nature Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092381/miniaturized-devices-for-point-of-care-molecular-detection-of-hiv
#17
REVIEW
Michael Mauk, Jinzhao Song, Haim H Bau, Robert Gross, Frederic D Bushman, Ronald G Collman, Changchun Liu
The HIV pandemic affects 36.7 million people worldwide, predominantly in resource-poor settings. Nucleic acid-based molecular detection of HIV plays a significant role in antiretroviral treatment monitoring for HIV patients, as well as diagnosis of HIV infection in infants. Currently available molecular diagnostic methods are complex, time-consuming and relatively expensive, thus limiting their use in resource-poor settings. Recent advances in microfluidics technology have made possible low-cost integrated miniaturized devices for molecular detection and quantification of HIV at the point of care...
January 16, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092380/chromatin-immunoprecipitation-in-microfluidic-droplets-towards-fast-and-cheap-analyses
#18
Bruno Teste, Jerome Champ, Arturo Londono-Vallejo, Stéphanie Descroix, Laurent Malaquin, Jean-Louis Viovy, Irena Draskovic, Guillaume Mottet
Genetic organization is governed by the interaction of DNA with histone proteins, and differential modifications of these proteins is a fundamental mechanism of gene regulation. Histone modifications are primarily studied through chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays, however conventional ChIP procedures are time consuming, laborious and require a large number of cells. Here we report for the first time the development of ChIP in droplets based on a microfluidic platform combining nanoliter droplets, magnetic beads (MB) and magnetic tweezers (MT)...
January 16, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090668/studies-of-anticancer-drug-cytotoxicity-based-on-long-term-hepg2-spheroid-culture-in-a-microfluidic-system
#19
Agnieszka Zuchowska, Karina Kwapiszewska, Michal Chudy, Artur Dybko, Zbigniew Brzozka
Cell-on-a-chip systems have become promising devices to study the effectiveness of new anticancer drugs recently. Several microdevices for liver cancer culture and evaluation of the drug cytotoxicity have been reported. However, there are still no proven reports about high-throughput and simple methods for the evaluation of drug cytotoxicity on liver cancer cells. The paper presents the results of the effects of the anticancer drug (5-fluorouracil, 5-FU) on the HepG2 spheroids as a model of liver cancer. The experiments were based on the long-term 3D spheroid culture in the microfluidic system and monitoring of the effect of 5-FU at two selected concentrations (0...
January 16, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090238/red-blood-cell-dynamics-in-biomimetic-microfluidic-networks-of-pulmonary-alveolar-capillaries
#20
Hagit Stauber, Dan Waisman, Netanel Korin, Josué Sznitman
The pulmonary capillary networks (PCNs) embody organ-specific microvasculatures, where blood vessels form dense meshes that maximize the surface area available for gas exchange in the lungs. With characteristic capillary lengths and diameters similar to the size of red blood cells (RBCs), seminal descriptions coined the term "sheet flow" nearly half a century ago to differentiate PCNs from the usual notion of Poiseuille flow in long straight tubes. Here, we revisit in true-scale experiments the original "sheet flow" model and devise for the first time biomimetic microfluidic platforms of organ-specific PCN structures perfused with RBC suspensions at near-physiological hematocrit levels...
January 10, 2017: Biomicrofluidics
keyword
keyword
23706
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"