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Conditioned media of mesenchymal stem cell

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141446/myocardial-reparative-functions-of-exosomes-from-mesenchymal-stem-cells-are-enhanced-by-hypoxia-treatment-of-the-cells-via-transferring-microrna-210-in-an-nsmase2-dependent-way
#1
Jinyun Zhu, Kai Lu, Ning Zhang, Yun Zhao, Qunchao Ma, Jian Shen, Yinuo Lin, Pingping Xiang, Yaoliang Tang, Xinyang Hu, Jinghai Chen, Wei Zhu, Keith A Webster, Jian'an Wang, Hong Yu
Hypoxia treatment enhances paracrine effect of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The aim of this study was to investigate whether exosomes from hypoxia-treated MSCs (Exo(H)) are superior to those from normoxia-treated MSCs (Exo(N)) for myocardial repair. Mouse bone marrow-derived MSCs were cultured under hypoxia or normoxia for 24 h, and exosomes from conditioned media were intramyocardially injected into infarcted heart of C57BL/6 mouse. Exo(H) resulted in significantly higher survival, smaller scar size and better cardiac functions recovery...
November 16, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106032/the-effects-of-conditioned-media-generated-by-polarized-macrophages-on-the-cellular-behaviours-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#2
Xiao-Tao He, Xuan Li, Yuan Yin, Rui-Xin Wu, Xin-Yue Xu, Fa-Ming Chen
Macrophages (Mφs) are involved in a variety of physiological and pathological events including wound healing and tissue regeneration, in which they play both positive and negative roles depending on their polarization state. In this study, we investigated the cellular behaviours of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) after incubation in different conditioned media (CMs) generated by unpolarized Mφs (M0) or polarized Mφs (M1 and M2). Mφ polarization was induced by stimulation with various cytokines, and CMs were obtained from in vitro Mφ cultures termed CM0, CM1 and CM2 based on each Mφ phenotype...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097745/paracrine-interactions-between-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-macrophages-are-regulated-by-1-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3
#3
Laura Saldaña, Gema Vallés, Fátima Bensiamar, Francisco José Mancebo, Eduardo García-Rey, Nuria Vilaboa
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) modulate the macrophage-mediated inflammatory response through the secretion of soluble factors. In addition to its classical effects on calcium homeostasis, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D3) has emerged as an important regulator of the immune system. The present study investigates whether 1,25D3 modulates the paracrine interactions between MSC and macrophages. 1,25D3 stimulated MSC to produce PGE2 and VEGF and regulated the interplay between macrophages and MSC toward reduced pro-inflammatory cytokine production...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096714/isolation-and-prolonged-expansion-of-oral-mesenchymal-stem-cells-under-clinical-grade-gmp-compliant-conditions-differentially-affects-stemness-properties
#4
Athina Bakopoulou, Danae Apatzidou, Eleni Aggelidou, Evangelia Gousopoulou, Gabriele Leyhausen, Joachim Volk, Aristeidis Kritis, Petros Koidis, Werner Geurtsen
BACKGROUND: Development of clinical-grade cell preparations is central to meeting the regulatory requirements for cellular therapies under good manufacturing practice-compliant (cGMP) conditions. Since addition of animal serum in culture media may compromise safe and efficient expansion of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for clinical use, this study aimed to investigate the potential of two serum/xeno-free, cGMP culture systems to maintain long-term "stemness" of oral MSCs (dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) and alveolar bone marrow MSCs (aBMMSCs)), compared to conventional serum-based expansion...
November 2, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076586/cancer-and-normal-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-ascs-do-they-have-differential-effects-on-tumor-and-immune-cells
#5
Mahboobeh Razmkhah, Zahra Mansourabadi, Maryam Al-Sadat Mohtasebi, Abdol-Rasoul Talei, Abbas Ghaderi
Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) are known to have immunomodulatory properties through soluble factors or by direct cell-to-cell contact. This study aimed to assess the expression of HLA-G and IDO activity in breast cancer and normal ASCs and to see if ASC is capable of modulating both tumor cells and immune system cells in vitro. ASCs were enzymatically isolated from 15 breast cancer patients and 10 normal individuals. Then they were cultured, and the impact of their conditioned media on the movement of the MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line was studied in wound healing scratch assay...
October 27, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058819/involvement-of-dying-beta-cell-originated-messenger-molecules-in-differentiation-of-pancreatic-mesenchymal-stem-cells-under-glucotoxic-and-glucolipotoxic-conditions
#6
Selda Gezginci-Oktayoglu, Evren Onay-Ucar, Serap Sancar-Bas, Ayse Karatug-Kacar, Emine Sekure Nazli Arda, Sehnaz Bolkent
Beta cell mass regulation represents a critical issue for understanding and treatment of diabetes. The most important process in the development of diabetes is beta cell death, generally induced by glucotoxicity or glucolipotoxicity, and the regeneration mechanism of new beta cells that will replace dead beta cells is still not fully understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the generation mechanism of new beta cells by considering the compensation phase of type2 diabetes mellitus. Pancreatic islet derived mesenchymal stem cells (PI-MSCs) were isolated from adult rats and characterized...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054455/dadle-enhances-viability-and-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-human-mscs-subjected-to-serum-free-apoptotic-condition-in-part-via-the-dor-pi3k-akt-pathway
#7
L Vinod Kumar Reddy, Dwaipayan Sen
AIM: Nutritional deprivation and inflammation-rich zones are the major causative reasons for poor survivability of transplanted mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Therefore in the present study, we demonstrated the cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of activated delta (δ)-opioid receptor (DOR) with synthetic peptide [D-Ala(2), D-Leu(5)]-enkephalin (DADLE) treatment on human MSCs cultured in serum-starved condition. MAIN METHODS: Cell viability was measured using MTT and Annexin V/PI assays...
October 19, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053925/mesenchymal-stem-cell-secretome-improves-tendon-cell-viability-in-vitro-and-tendon-bone-healing-in-vivo-when-a-tissue-engineering-strategy-is-used-in-a-rat-model-of-chronic-massive-rotator-cuff-tear
#8
Nuno Sevivas, Fábio Gabriel Teixeira, Raquel Portugal, Bruno Direito-Santos, João Espregueira-Mendes, Filipe J Oliveira, Rui F Silva, Nuno Sousa, Wan Ting Sow, Luong T H Nguyen, Kee Woei Ng, António J Salgado
BACKGROUND: Massive rotator cuff tears (MRCTs) represent a major clinical concern, especially when degeneration and chronicity are involved, which highly compromise healing capacity. PURPOSE: To study the effect of the secretome of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on tendon cells (TCs) followed by the combination of these activated TCs with an electrospun keratin-based scaffold to develop a tissue engineering strategy to improve tendon-bone interface (TBi) healing in a chronic MRCT rat model...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053396/embryonic-stem-cell-secreted-factors-decrease-invasiveness-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cells-through-regulome-modulation
#9
Elizabeth Tarasewicz, Robert S Oakes, Misael O Aviles, Joelle Straehla, Kathryn M Chilton, Joseph T Decker, Jia Wu, Lonnie D Shea, Jacqueline S Jeruss
Stem cell microenvironments decrease the invasiveness of cancer cells, and elucidating the mechanisms associated with disease regression could further the development of targeted therapies for aggressive cancer subtypes. To this end, we applied an emerging technology, TRanscriptional Activity CEll aRray (TRACER), to investigate the reprogramming of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells in conditions that promoted a less aggressive phenotype. The repressive environment was established through exposure to mouse embryonic stem cell conditioned media (mESC CM)...
October 20, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045045/mesenchymal-stromal-cell-therapy-in-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-preclinical-studies
#10
Sajit Augustine, Marc T Avey, Brittany Harrison, Tiffany Locke, Mona Ghannad, David Moher, Bernard Thébaud
Extreme prematurity is the leading cause of death among children under 5 years of age. Currently, there is no treatment for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), the most common complication of extreme prematurity. Experimental studies in animal models of BPD suggest that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are lung protective. To date, no systematic review and meta-analysis has evaluated the preclinical evidence of this promising therapy. Our protocol was registered with Collaborative Approach to Meta-Analysis and Review of Animal Data from Experimental Studies prior to searching MEDLINE (1946 to June 1, 2015), Embase (1947 to 2015 Week 22), Pubmed, Web of Science, and conference proceedings (1990 to present) for controlled comparative studies of neonatal animal models that received MSCs or cell free MSC-derived conditioned media (MSC-CM)...
October 17, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039467/insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-protein-6-released-from-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-confers-neuronal-protection-through-igf-1r-mediated-signaling
#11
Hyo-Jin Jeon, Jihye Park, Joo-Hyun Shin, Mi-Sook Chang
Human bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are a desirable cell source for cell‑based therapy to treat nervous system injuries due to their ability to differentiate into specific cell types. In addition to their multipotency, hMSCs render the tissue microenvironment more favorable for tissue repair by secreting various growth factors. Our previous study demonstrated that hMSCs secrete several growth factors, including several insulin‑like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs). Among these, IGFBP‑6 binds with high affinity and inhibits insulin growth factor‑2 (IGF‑2) to inhibit the growth of IGF‑2‑dependent tumors...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037892/hybrid-spheroids-incorporating-ecm-like-engineered-fragmented-fibers-potentiate-stem-cell-function-by-improved-cell-cell-and-cell-ecm-interactions
#12
Taufiq Ahmad, Jinkyu Lee, Young Min Shin, Hyeok Jun Shin, Sajeesh Kumar Madhurakat Perikamana, Sun Hwa Park, Sung Won Kim, Heungsoo Shin
Extracellular matrix (ECM) microenvironment is critical for the viability, stemness, and differentiation of stem cells. In this study, we developed hybrid-spheroids of human turbinate mesenchymal stem cells (hTMSCs) by using extracellular matrix (ECM) mimicking fragmented fibers (FFs) for improvement of the viability and functions of hTMSCs. We prepared FFs with average size of 68.26 µm by partial aminolysis of poly L-lactide (PLLA) fibrous sheet (FS), which was coated with polydopamine for improved cell adhesion...
December 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974767/the-neurotrophic-effects-of-different-human-dental-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#13
Mallappa K Kolar, Vinay N Itte, Paul J Kingham, Lev N Novikov, Mikael Wiberg, Peyman Kelk
The current gold standard treatment for peripheral nerve injury is nerve grafting but this has disadvantages such as donor site morbidity. New techniques focus on replacing these grafts with nerve conduits enhanced with growth factors and/or various cell types such as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Dental-MSCs (D-MSCs) including stem cells obtained from apical papilla (SCAP), dental pulp stem cells (DPSC), and periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSC) are potential sources of MSCs for nerve repair. Here we present the characterization of various D-MSCs from the same human donors for peripheral nerve regeneration...
October 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972074/mechano-signal-transduction-in-mesenchymal-stem-cells-induces-prosaposin-secretion-to-drive-the-proliferation-of-breast-cancer-cells
#14
Seiichiro Ishihara, David R Inman, Wan-Ju Li, Suzanne M Ponik, Patricia Keely
In response to chemical stimuli from cancer cells, mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) can differentiate into cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) and promote tumor progression. How mechanical stimuli such as stiffness of the extracellular matrix (ECM) contribute to MSC phenotype in cancer remains poorly understood. Here we show that ECM stiffness leads to mechano-signal transduction in MSC which promotes mammary tumor growth in part through secretion of the signaling protein prosaposin. On a stiff matrix, MSC cultured with conditioned media from mammary cancer cells expressed increased levels of alpha-smooth muscle actin, a marker of CAF, compared to MSC cultured on a soft matrix...
September 28, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969687/metabolically-conditioned-media-derived-from-bone-marrow-stromal-cells-or-human-skin-fibroblasts-act-as-effective-chemoattractants-for-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#15
Anastasia Gabrielyan, Elena Neumann, Michael Gelinsky, Angela Rösen-Wolff
BACKGROUND: The main goal of bone tissue engineering has been the generation of healthy bone in order to replace affected tissue. Therefore, optimized biomaterials are needed which allow the survival and growth of mesenchymal stem cells. Until now the key challenge in the clinical application of cell-based tissue engineering bone implants was poor diffusion of oxygen into the tissue, making functional blood vessel networks a necessity. With their ability to evolve into different cell types, to expand extensively in vitro, and to release paracrine soluble factors, bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) are highly attractive for tissue engineering...
September 29, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969681/mesenchymal-stem-cells-microvesicles-stabilize-endothelial-barrier-function-partly-mediated-by-hepatocyte-growth-factor-hgf
#16
Hualing Wang, Ruiqiang Zheng, Qihong Chen, Jun Shao, Jiangquan Yu, Shuling Hu
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stem cells microvesicles (MSC-MVs) stabilize endothelial barrier function in acute lung injury (ALI); however, the detailed mechanism remains to be further defined. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), which is derived from MSC-MVs, might have a key role in the restoration of endothelial barrier function by MSC-MVs. METHODS: MSCs with lentiviral vector-mediated HGF gene knockdown (siHGF-MSC) were generated. A co-culture model of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells and MSC-MVs collected from MSCs or siHGF-MSCs after 24 h of hypoxic culture was utilized...
September 29, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969635/impact-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-secretome-on-glioblastoma-pathophysiology
#17
Joana Vieira de Castro, Eduardo D Gomes, Sara Granja, Sandra I Anjo, Fátima Baltazar, Bruno Manadas, António J Salgado, Bruno M Costa
BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma (GBM) is a highly aggressive primary brain cancer, for which curative therapies are not available. An emerging therapeutic approach suggested to have potential to target malignant gliomas has been based on the use of multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), either unmodified or engineered to deliver anticancer therapeutic agents, as these cells present an intrinsic capacity to migrate towards malignant tumors. Nevertheless, it is still controversial whether this innate tropism of MSCs towards the tumor area is associated with cancer promotion or suppression...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965958/secretome-released-from-hydrogel-embedded-adipose-mesenchymal-stem-cells-protects-against-the-parkinson-s-disease-related-toxin-6-hydroxydopamine
#18
Armando Chierchia, Nino Chirico, Lucia Boeri, Ilaria Raimondi, Giovanni A Riva, Manuela Teresa Raimondi, Marta Tunesi, Carmen Giordano, Gianluigi Forloni, Diego Albani
Neurodegenerative diseases, as Parkinson's disease (PD), involve irreversible neural cell damage and impairment. In PD, there is a selective degeneration of the dopaminergic neurons leading to motor symptoms. A common finding in PD neurodegeneration is the increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS), leading to oxidative stress. To date there are only interventions to relieve PD symptoms, however progress has been made in the development of therapies that target the immune system or use its components as therapeutic agents; among these, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which are able to express neuroprotective factors as cytokines, chemokines and angiogenic molecules, collectively named secretome, that accumulate in MSC culture medium...
December 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961381/mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-conditioned-media-in-the-treatment-of-multiple-sclerosis-patients-clinical-ophthalmological-and-radiological-assessments-of-safety-and-efficacy
#19
Said Dahbour, Fatima Jamali, Dana Alhattab, Ali Al-Radaideh, Osama Ababneh, Nosaiba Al-Ryalat, Muawyeh Al-Bdour, Bayan Hourani, Mohammed Msallam, Murad Rasheed, Ammar Huneiti, Yacoub Bahou, Emad Tarawneh, Abdalla Awidi
AIMS: This open-label prospective phase I/IIa clinical study used autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSCs) followed by mesenchymal stromal cells conditioned media (MSC-CM) for the first time to treat multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The primary goal was to assess the safety and feasibility and the secondary was efficacy. The correlation between the MSC-CM content and treatment outcome was investigated. METHODS: Ten MS patients who failed conventional therapy were enrolled...
November 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911970/mesenchymal-stem-cells-alleviate-oxidative-stress-induced-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-the-airways
#20
Xiang Li, Charalambos Michaeloudes, Yuelin Zhang, Coen H Wiegman, Ian M Adcock, Qizhou Lian, Judith C W Mak, Pankaj K Bhavsar, Kian Fan Chung
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress-induced mitochondrial dysfunction can contribute to inflammation and remodeling in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Mesenchymal stem cells protect against lung damage in animal models of COPD. It is unknown whether these effects occur through attenuating mitochondrial dysfunction in airway cells. OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the effect of induced pluripotent stem cell-derived mesenchymal stem cells (iPSC-MSCs) on oxidative stress-induce mitochondrial dysfunction in human airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) in vitro and in mouse lungs in vivo...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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