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Casein kinase 2

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033852/activation-of-casein-kinase-ii-by-gallic-acid-induces-bik-bax-bak-mediated-er-ca-ros-dependent-apoptosis-of-human-oral-cancer-cells
#1
Meng-Liang Lin, Shih-Shun Chen
Induction of the generation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) calcium (Ca(++))-mediated reactive oxygen species (ROS) by gallic acid (GA) has been implicated in the mitochondrial apoptotic death of human oral cancer (OC) cells, but the molecular mechanism by which GA causes ER Ca(++) release of OC cells to undergo cell death remains unclear. Here, we report that GA-induced phosphorylation of B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2)-interacting killer (BIK) (threonine (Thr) 33/Serine (Ser) 35) and p53 (Ser 15 and Ser 392), Bcl-2-associated x protein (BAX)/BCL-2 antagonist killer 1 (BAK) oligomerization on the ER and mitochondria, rising of cytosolic Ca(+)(+) and ROS, cytochrome c (Cyt c) release from the mitochondria, Ψm loss, and apoptosis were suppressed in cells co-treated with a specific inhibitor of casein kinase II (CK II) (4,5,6,7-tetrabromobenzotriazole)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031723/inhibition-of-cholinergic-potentiation-of-insulin-secretion-from-pancreatic-islets-by-chronic-elevation-of-glucose-and-fatty-acids-protection-by-casein-kinase-2-inhibitor
#2
Nicolai M Doliba, Qin Liu, Changhong Li, Pan Chen, Chengyang Liu, Ali Naji, Franz M Matschinsky
OBJECTIVES: Chronic hyperlipidemia and hyperglycemia are characteristic features of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) that are thought to cause or contribute to β-cell dysfunction by "glucolipotoxicity." Previously we have shown that acute treatment of pancreatic islets with fatty acids (FA) decreases acetylcholine-potentiated insulin secretion. This acetylcholine response is mediated by M3 muscarinic receptors, which play a key role in regulating β-cell function. Here we examine whether chronic FA exposure also inhibits acetylcholine-potentiated insulin secretion using mouse and human islets...
October 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021227/physiological-regulation-of-the-epithelial-na-channel-by-casein-kinase-ii
#3
Jonathan M Berman, Elena Mironova, James D Stockand
The Epithelial Na+ Channel, ENaC, is the final arbiter of sodium excretion in the kidneys. As such, discretionary control of ENaC by hormones is critical to the fine-tuning of electrolyte and water excretion and consequently, blood pressure. Casein kinase 2 (CK2) phosphorylates ENaC. Phosphorylation by CK2 is necessary for normal ENaC activity. We tested the physiological importance of CK2 regulation of ENaC as the degree to which ENaC activity is dependent on CK2 phosphorylation in the living organism is unknown...
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994305/plant-homeodomain-finger-protein-2-as-a-novel-ikaros-target-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#4
Zheng Ge, Yan Gu, Qi Han, Justin Sloane, Qinyu Ge, Goufeng Gao, Jinlong Ma, Huihui Song, Jiaojiao Hu, Baoan Chen, Sinisa Dovat, Chunhua Song
AIM: Clinical significance of plant homeodomain finger 2 (PHF2) expressions is explored in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients. METHODS: mRNA level was examined by qPCR. The retroviral gene expression, shRNA knockdown and chromatin-immunoprecipitation are used to observe IKAROS regulation on PHF2 transcription. RESULTS: PHF2 expression is significantly reduced in subsets of ALL patients, and PHF2 (low) expression correlates with leukemia cell proliferation and an elevation of several poor prognostic markers in B-cell ALL...
October 10, 2017: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993724/plpp-cin-regulates-seizure-activity-by-the-differential-modulation-of-calsenilin-binding-to-glun1-and-kv4-2-in-mice
#5
Ji-Eun Kim, Hye-Won Hyun, Su-Ji Min, Duk-Shin Lee, A Ran Jeon, Min Ju Kim, Tae-Cheon Kang
Calsenilin (CSEN) binds to Kv4.2 (an A-type K(+) channel) as well as N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR), and modulates their activities. However, the regulatory mechanisms for CSEN-binding to Kv4.2 or NMDAR remain elusive. Here, we demonstrate the novel role of pyridoxal-5'-phosphate phosphatase/chronophin (PLPP/CIN), one of the cofilin-mediated F-actin regulators, in the CSEN binding to Kv4.2 or GluN1 (an NMDAR subunit). PLPP/CIN dephosphorylated CSEN in competition with casein kinase 1, independent of cofilin dephosphorylation...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993142/ghrelin-upregulates-the-phosphorylation-of-the-glun2b-subunit-of-the-nmda-receptor-by-activating-ghsr1a-and-fyn-in-the-rat-hippocampus
#6
Liza Berrout, Masako Isokawa
Ghrelin and its receptor GHSR1a have been shown to exert numerous physiological functions in the brain, in addition to the well-established orexigenic role in the hypothalamus. Earlier work indicated that ghrelin stimulated the phosphorylation of the GluN1 subunit of the NMDA receptor (NMDAR) and enhanced synaptic transmission in the hippocampus. In the present study, we report that the exogenous application of ghrelin increased GluN2B phosphorylation. This increase was independent of GluN2B subunit activity or NMDAR channel activity...
October 6, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992316/phosphorylation-of-cbx2-controls-its-nucleosome-binding-specificity
#7
Takayuki Kawaguchi, Shinichi Machida, Hitoshi Kurumizaka, Hideaki Tagami, Jun-Ichi Nakayama
Chromobox 2 (CBX2), a component of polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1), binds lysine 27-methylated histone H3 (H3K27me3) via its chromodomain (CD) and plays a critical role in repressing developmentally regulated genes. The phosphorylation of CBX2 has been described in several studies, but the biological implications of this modification remain largely elusive. Here, we show that CBX2's phosphorylation plays an important role in its nucleosome binding. CBX2 is stably phosphorylated in vivo, and domain analysis showed that residues in CBX2's serine-rich (SR) region are the predominant phosphorylation sites...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939766/casein-kinase-2-mediated-phosphorylation-of-brahma-related-gene-1-controls-myoblast-proliferation-and-contributes-to-swi-snf-complex-composition
#8
Teresita Padilla-Benavides, Brian T Nasipak, Amanda L Paskavitz, Dominic T Haokip, Jake M Schnabl, Jeffrey A Nickerson, Anthony N Imbalzano
Transcriptional regulation is modulated in part by chromatin remodeling enzymes that control gene accessibility by altering chromatin compaction or nucleosome positioning. Brahma-related gene 1 (Brg1), a catalytic subunit of the mammalian SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling enzymes, is required for both myoblast proliferation and differentiation, and the control of Brg1 phosphorylation by calcineurin, PKCβ1, and p38 regulates the transition to differentiation. However, we hypothesized that Brg1 activity might be regulated by additional kinases...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928952/a-simple-method-to-measure-clock-bmal1-dna-binding-activity-in-tissue-and-cell-extracts
#9
Maud Gillessen, Pieter Bas Kwak, Alfred Tamayo
The proteins CLOCK and BMAL1 form a heterodimeric transcription factor essential to circadian rhythms in mammals.  Daily rhythms of CLOCK-BMAL1 DNA binding activity are known to oscillate with target gene expression in vivo. Here we present a highly sensitive assay that recapitulates native CLOCK-BMAL1 DNA binding rhythms from crude tissue extracts, which we call the Clock Protein-DNA Binding Assay (CPDBA). This method can detect less than 2-fold differences in DNA binding activity, and can deliver results in two hours or less using 10 microliters or less of crude extract, while requiring neither specialized equipment nor expensive probes...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928125/ck2%C3%AE-critically-regulates-thrombopoiesis-and-ca-2-triggered-platelet-activation-in-arterial-thrombosis-in-vivo
#10
Patrick Münzer, Britta Walker-Allgaier, Sascha Geue, Friederike Langhauser, Eva Geuss, David Stegner, Katja Aurbach, Daniela Semeniak, Madhumita Chatterjee, Irene Gonzalez Menendez, Melanie Märklin, Leticia Quintanilla-Martinez, Helmut R Salih, David W Litchfield, Thierry Buchou, Christoph Kleinschnitz, Florian Lang, Bernhard Nieswandt, Irina Pleines, Harald Schulze, Meinrad Gawaz, Oliver Borst
Platelets, anucleated megakaryocyte-derived cells, play a major role in hemostasis and arterial thrombosis. While protein kinase Casein Kinase 2 (CK2) is readily detected in megakaryocytes and platelets, the impact of CK2-dependent signaling on megakaryocyte/platelet (patho-) physiology has remained elusive. The present study explored the impact of the CK2 regulatory β-subunit on platelet biogenesis and activation. Megakaryocyte/platelet-specific genetic deletion of CK2β (ck2β(-/-) ) in mice resulted in a significant macrothrombocytopenia and an increased extramedullar megakaryopoiesis with enhanced proportion of premature platelets...
September 19, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925678/dual-functionalized-graphene-oxide-based-sirna-delivery-system-for-implant-surface-biomodification-with-enhanced-osteogenesis
#11
Li Zhang, Qing Zhou, Wen Song, Kaimin Wu, Yumei Zhang, Yimin Zhao
Surface functionalization by small interfering RNA (siRNA) is a novel strategy for improved implant osseointegration. A gene delivery system with safety and high transfection activity is a crucial factor for an siRNA-functionalized implant to exert its biological function. To this end, polyethylene glycol (PEG) and polyethylenimine (PEI) dual-functionalized graphene oxide (GO; nGO-PEG-PEI) may present a promising siRNA vector. In this study, nanosized nGO-PEG-PEI was prepared and optimized for siRNA delivery...
October 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922657/methods-employed-in-cytofluorometric-assessment-of-eryptosis-the-suicidal-erythrocyte-death
#12
Mohamed Jemaà, Myriam Fezai, Rosi Bissinger, Florian Lang
Suicidal erythrocyte death or eryptosis contributes to or even accounts for anemia in a wide variety of clinical conditions, such as iron deficiency, dehydration, hyperphosphatemia, vitamin D excess, chronic kidney disease (CKD), hemolytic-uremic syndrome, diabetes, hepatic failure, malignancy, arteriitis, sepsis, fever, malaria, sickle-cell disease, beta-thalassemia, Hb-C and G6PD-deficiency, Wilsons disease, as well as advanced age. Moreover, eryptosis is triggered by a myriad of xenobiotics and endogenous substances including cytotoxic drugs and uremic toxins...
September 1, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922368/a-tree-of-life-based-on-ninety-eight-expressed-genes-conserved-across-diverse-eukaryotic-species
#13
Pawan Kumar Jayaswal, Vivek Dogra, Asheesh Shanker, Tilak Raj Sharma, Nagendra Kumar Singh
Rapid advances in DNA sequencing technologies have resulted in the accumulation of large data sets in the public domain, facilitating comparative studies to provide novel insights into the evolution of life. Phylogenetic studies across the eukaryotic taxa have been reported but on the basis of a limited number of genes. Here we present a genome-wide analysis across different plant, fungal, protist, and animal species, with reference to the 36,002 expressed genes of the rice genome. Our analysis revealed 9831 genes unique to rice and 98 genes conserved across all 49 eukaryotic species analysed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885613/microrna-155-regulates-casein-kinase-1-gamma-2-a-potential-pathogenetic-role-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#14
T Zhang, J K Davidson-Moncada, P Mukherjee, R R Furman, E Bhavsar, Z Chen, P Hakimpour, N Papavasiliou, W Tam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: Blood Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883547/casein-kinase-2-is-a-critical-determinant-of-the-balance-of-th17-and-treg-cell-differentiation
#15
Sung Woong Jang, Soo Seok Hwang, Hyeong Su Kim, Keoung Oh Lee, Min Kyung Kim, Wonyong Lee, Kiwan Kim, Gap Ryol Lee
Th17 cells promote inflammatory reactions, whereas regulatory T (Treg) cells inhibit them. Thus, the Th17/Treg cell balance is critically important in inflammatory diseases. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this balance are unclear. Here, we demonstrate that casein kinase 2 (CK2) is a critical determinant of the Th17/Treg cell balance. Both the inhibition of CK2 with a specific pharmacological inhibitor, CX-4945, and its small hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated knockdown suppressed Th17 cell differentiation but reciprocally induced Treg cell differentiation in vitro...
September 8, 2017: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881793/lenalidomide-increases-human-dendritic-cell-maturation-in-multiple-myeloma-patients-targeting-monocyte-differentiation-and-modulating-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-inhibitory-properties
#16
Federica Costa, Rosanna Vescovini, Marina Bolzoni, Valentina Marchica, Paola Storti, Denise Toscani, Fabrizio Accardi, Laura Notarfranchi, Benedetta Dalla Palma, Cristina Manferdini, Sabrina Manni, Giannalisa Todaro, Gina Lisignoli, Francesco Piazza, Franco Aversa, Nicola Giuliani
The use of Lenalidomide (LEN), to reverse tumor-mediated immune suppression and amplify multiple myeloma-specific immunity is currently being explored. Particularly, LEN effects on dendritic cells (DCs) are still unclear. In this study, we investigated the potential effect of LEN on DC differentiation and activity. DCs were differentiated either from CD14(+) cells obtained from patients with multiple myeloma or from a human monocytic cell line. LEN, at the concentration range reached in vivo, significantly increased the median intensity expression of HLA-DR, CD86 and CD209 by DCs derived from both bone marrow and peripheral myeloma monocytes and enhanced the production of Interleukin-8, C-C motif chemokine ligand (CCL) 2, CCL5 and tumor necrosis factor-α...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873435/tgf-%C3%AE-signaling-is-an-effective-target-to-impair-survival-and-induce-apoptosis-of-human-cholangiocarcinoma-cells-a-study-on-human-primary-cell-cultures
#17
Anna Maria Lustri, Sabina Di Matteo, Alice Fraveto, Daniele Costantini, Alfredo Cantafora, Chiara Napoletano, Maria Consiglia Bragazzi, Felice Giuliante, Agostino M De Rose, Pasquale B Berloco, Gian Luca Grazi, Guido Carpino, Domenico Alvaro
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and its subtypes (mucin- and mixed-CCA) arise from the neoplastic transformation of cholangiocytes, the epithelial cells lining the biliary tree. CCA has a high mortality rate owing to its aggressiveness, late diagnosis and high resistance to radiotherapy and chemotherapeutics. We have demonstrated that CCA is enriched for cancer stem cells which express epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) traits, with these features being associated with aggressiveness and drug resistance. TGF-β signaling is upregulated in CCA and involved in EMT...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851738/phosphoproteomic-analysis-reveals-the-importance-of-kinase-regulation-during-orbivirus-infection
#18
Bjorn-Patrick Mohl, Edward Emmott, Polly Roy
Bluetongue virus (BTV) causes infections in wild and domesticated ruminants with high morbidity and mortality and is responsible for significant economic losses in both developing and developed countries. BTV serves as a model for the study of other members of the Orbivirus genus. Previously, the importance of casein kinase 2 for BTV replication was demonstrated. To identify intracellular signalling pathways and novel host-cell kinases involved during BTV infection, the phosphoproteome of BTV infected cells was analysed...
August 29, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840260/mir-217-casein-kinase-2-cross-talk-regulates-erk-activation-in-ganglioglioma
#19
Atreye Majumdar, Fahim Ahmad, Touseef Sheikh, Reshma Bhagat, Pankaj Pathak, Shanker Datt Joshi, Pankaj Seth, Vivek Tandon, Manjari Tripathi, P Saratchandra, Chitra Sarkar, Ellora Sen
Gangliogliomas (GGs) are the most commonly diagnosed long-term epilepsy-associated tumors (LEATs). Although molecular characterizations of brain tumors have identified few novel biomarkers among the LEATs, mechanisms of pathogenesis remain poorly understood. In this study, global microarray-based microRNA (miRNA) expression profile on a set of 9 GGs indicated 66 miRNAs to be differentially expressed in GG as compared to normal brain. The differences validated by qRT-PCR indicated microRNA-217 to be the most downregulated...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825834/combining-genomics-to-identify-the-pathways-of-post-transcriptional-nongenotoxic-signaling-and-energy-homeostasis-in-livers-of-rats-treated-with-the-pregnane-x-receptor-agonist-pregnenolone-carbonitrile
#20
Hirohisa Nagahori, Kenji Nakamura, Kayo Sumida, Shingo Ito, Sumio Ohtsuki
Transcriptomic, proteomic, phosphoproteomic, and metabolomic analyses were combined to determine the role of pregnane X receptor (PXR) in nongenotoxic signaling and energy homeostasis in liver after rats were repeatedly orally dosed with the PXR agonist pregnenolone carbonitrile (PCN) for 7 days. Analyses of mRNAs and proteins in the supernatant, membrane, and cytosolic fractions of enlarged liver homogenates showed diverse expression profiles. Gene set enrichment analysis showed that the synchronous increase in mRNAs and proteins involved in chemical carcinogenesis and the response to drug was possibly mediated by the PXR pathway and proteasome core complex assembly was possibly mediated by the Nrf2 pathway...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
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