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Colostrum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419655/cytokine-and-adipokine-are-biofactors-can-act-in-blood-and-colostrum-of-obese-mothers
#1
Mahmi Fujimori, Eduardo Luzia França, Tassiane Cristina Morais, Vanessa Fiorin, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Adenilda Cristina Honório-França
Breast milk contains bioactive components that contribute to newborn development. However, colostrum may undergo biochemical and immunological changes as a function of maternal overweight and obesity. To investigate this hypothesis, this study determined the levels of hormones and immunological markers in the serum and colostrum of overweight and obese mothers. Colostrum and serum samples were collected from 15 normoweight, 15 overweight, and 15 obese women for determination of leptin, adiponectin, cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-10), and C-reactive protein (CRP)...
March 2017: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414597/bovine-colostral-cells-the-often-forgotten-component-of-colostrum
#2
Diego D Gonzalez, Maria J Dus Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410426/factors-affecting-human-colostrum-fatty-acid-profile-a-case-study
#3
Vassilia J Sinanoglou, Dionisis Cavouras, Theodora Boutsikou, Despina D Briana, Dimitra Z Lantzouraki, Stella Paliatsiou, Paraskevi Volaki, Sotiris Bratakos, Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner, Panagiotis Zoumpoulakis
The role of maternal colostrum to infant development has been extensively studied and presented. Among the main factors which contribute to breast milk composition are maternal diet, age and body mass index, parity, duration of pregnancy and stage of lactation. This study aims to investigate the potential impact of several factors including demographic (i.e. maternal age and nationality) on the colostrum fatty acid profile. Colostrum was collected the third day postpartum in a Greek maternity hospital. Certain lipid quality indices and fatty acid ratios were estimated and results were statistically processed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407326/maternal-lactocrine-programming-of-porcine-reproductive-tract-development
#4
REVIEW
Carol A Bagnell, Teh-Yuan Ho, Ashley F George, Anne A Wiley, Dori J Miller, Frank F Bartol
The lactocrine hypothesis for maternal programming of female reproductive tract development is based on the idea that non-nutritive, milk-borne bioactive factors (MbFs), delivered from mother to offspring during nursing, play a role in determining the trajectory of development with long-term consequences in the adult. Porcine female reproductive tract development is completed postnatally, and the period during which maternal support of neonatal growth derives exclusively from colostrum/milk defines a window of opportunity for lactocrine programming of reproductive tissues...
April 13, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406487/the-effect-of-maternal-habitus-on-macronutrient-content-of-human-milk-colostrum
#5
L Mangel, F B Mimouni, N Feinstein-Goren, R Lubetzky, D Mandel, R Marom
OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of studies on the impact of maternal body mass index (BMI) on macronutrient content of human milk colostrum (HMC). The objective of this study was to compare macronutrient content of HMC in healthy women of term infants in relation to their BMI. We hypothesized that mother habitus influences human milk colostrum content. METHOD: Colostrum was collected from 109 healthy mothers of hospitalized healthy term infants divided into four prepregnancy BMI groups: 12 underweight, 59 normal weight, 20 overweight, and 18 obese women between 24 and 72 h after birth...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403813/beliefs-and-practices-during-pregnancy-post-partum-and-in-the-first-days-of-an-infant-s-life-in-rural-cambodia
#6
Claudia Turner, Sreymom Pol, Kamsan Suon, Leakhena Neou, Nicholas P J Day, Michael Parker, Patricia Kingori
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to record the beliefs, practices during pregnancy, post-partum and in the first few days of an infant's life, held by a cross section of the community in rural Cambodia to determine beneficial community interventions to improve early neonatal health. METHODS: Qualitative study design with data generated from semi structured interviews (SSI) and focus group discussions (FGD). Data were analysed by thematic content analysis, with an a priori coding structure developed using available relevant literature...
April 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399957/mannan-oligosaccharide-prepartum-supplementation-effects-on-dairy-cow-colostrum-quality-and-quantity
#7
A Westland, R Martin, R White, J H Martin
Providing the neonatal calf with a sufficient quantity and quality of colostrum may optimise future health, performance and reduce the risk of morbidity. A 6-month double blind trial with 80 prepartum dairy cows was conducted to determine if supplementation with mannan oligosaccharide (MOS) influences colostrum quality, quantity and subsequent calf performance. The Holstein cross Friesian 80 cows (no heifers) were allocated into a control and treatment group at the point of drying off by previous lactation number and yield...
April 12, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399439/maternal-and-pregnancy-related-factors-affecting-human-milk-cytokines-among-peruvian-mothers-bearing-low-birth-weight-neonates
#8
Mara Zambruni, Alex Villalobos, Anoma Somasunderam, Sarah Westergaard, Maitreyee Nigalye, Christie G Turin, Jaime Zegarra, Sicilia Bellomo, Erik Mercado, Theresa J Ochoa, Netanya S Utay
Several cytokines have been detected in human milk but their relative concentrations differ among women and vary over time in the same person. The drivers of such differences have been only partially identified, while the effect of luminal cytokines in the fine-regulation of the intestinal immune system is increasingly appreciated. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between obstetrical complications and human milk cytokine profiles in a cohort of Peruvian women giving birth to Low Birth Weight (LBW) infants...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397754/oral-supplementation-with-bovine-colostrum-decreases-intestinal-permeability-and-stool-concentrations-of-zonulin-in-athletes
#9
Maciej Hałasa, Dominika Maciejewska, Magdalena Baśkiewicz-Hałasa, Bogusław Machaliński, Krzysztof Safranow, Ewa Stachowska
Increased intestinal permeability has been implicated in various pathologies, has various causes, and can develop during vigorous athletic training. Colostrum bovinum is a natural supplement with a wide range of supposed positive health effects, including reduction of intestine permeability. We assessed influence of colostrum supplementation on intestinal permeability related parameters in a group of 16 athletes during peak training for competition. This double-blind placebo-controlled study compared supplementation for 20 days with 500 mg of colostrum bovinum or placebo (whey)...
April 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397301/colostrum-yield-and-litter-performance-in-multiparous-sows-subjected-to-farrowing-induction
#10
M A Otto, A P Machado, L P Moreira, M L Bernardi, M L Coutinho, I S Vaz, I Wentz, F P Bortolozzo
The consumption of colostrum at a low level can compromise the survival and growth of piglets. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of farrowing induction on colostrum yield, IgG concentration and the survival and performance of piglets until the weaning. Sows of parity 3 to 7 were assigned into two groups: Control (n = 48), sows with spontaneous farrowing; and induction (n = 48), sows induced to farrow on day 114 of gestation with a PGF2 analogue. Colostrum and blood samples were collected from the sows, at farrowing and 24 hr later...
April 10, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390725/comparison-of-a-commercially-available-oral-nutritional-supplement-and-intravenous-fluid-therapy-for-dehydration-in-dairy-calves
#11
Jared D Taylor, Merel Rodenburg, Timothy A Snider
Calf scours is a primary cause of morbidity and mortality in the dairy industry. Effective treatments are needed to minimize death, maximize welfare, and maintain growth and productivity. The objective of this trial was to compare the efficacy of a commercially available nutritional supplement (Diaque, Boehringer-Ingelheim Vetmedica Inc., St. Joseph, MO) and i.v. lactated Ringer's solution (LRS) in rehydrating, preventing acidemia, and correcting electrolyte imbalances in an experimental model for calf scours...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389244/colostrum-oxytocin-modulates-cellular-stress-response-inflammation-and-autophagy-markers-in-newborn-rat-gut-villi
#12
Benjamin Y Klein, Hadassah Tamir, Robert J Ludwig, Sara B Glickstein, Martha G Welch
Little is known about the role of oxytocin (OT) in colostrum during early gut colonization. We previously showed that transient OT receptor (OTR) expression on newborn rat enterocytes coincides with the milk-suckling period, and that OT activates endoplasmic reticulum stress sensors in cultured enterocytes. Here, we explored whether colostrum-OT attenuates stress in newborn villi primed and unprimed by colostrum by measuring levels of stress markers including BiP (an ER chaperone), eIF2a (translation initiation factor), and pPKR (eIF2a kinase)...
May 20, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385000/potential-biomarkers-as-the-indicator-of-vertical-transmission-of-johne-s-disease-in-a-korean-native-cattle-farm
#13
Hong-Tae Park, Hyun-Eui Park, Yong-Il Cho, Eui-Hyung Kim, Myunghwan Jung, Seung Won Shin, Su-Hyung Lee, Dae-Yong Kim, Han Sang Yoo
Paratuberculosis (PTB) is caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) which is one of the most widespread and economically important disease in cattle. Calves are raising with natural breast feeding without separation from their mothers after birth in most Korean native cattle farms (Hanwoo breed). Vertical transmission of the disease has been known even though exact infection route of PTB has not been revealed in Korean native cattle farm. Therefore, calves from MAP sero-positive cows were tested by detection of MAP in the feces and tissues, and antibody against MAP...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380602/the-effect-of-farrowing-induction-on-colostrum-and-piglet-serum-immunocrits-is-dependent-on-parity
#14
Jeffrey L Vallet, Jeremy R Miles
Farrowing induction is a common practice among swine producers to manage timing of farrowing and the labor associated with farrowing. In this experiment, the effect of induction of labor using cloprostenol on Day 114 of gestation ( = 88) was compared to our standard farrowing protocol at USMARC (natural farrowing with induction using cloprostenol on Day 116 if needed, = 82) in gilts and sows up to fourth parity. In a subset of dams ( = 10 each treatment), colostrum was collected within 30 min of birth of the first piglet, and at 4, 8, 12, and 24 h...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374172/evaluation-of-potential-probiotics-isolated-from-human-milk-and-colostrum
#15
Quésia S Damaceno, Jaqueline P Souza, Jacques R Nicoli, Raquel L Paula, Gabriela B Assis, Henrique C Figueiredo, Vasco Azevedo, Flaviano S Martins
Several studies have demonstrated a diversity of bacterial species in human milk, even in aseptically collected samples. The present study evaluated potential probiotic bacteria isolated from human milk and associated maternal variables. Milk samples were collected from 47 healthy women and cultured on selective and universal agar media under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Bacterial isolates were counted and identified by Biotyper Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight mass spectrometry and then tested for probiotic properties...
April 3, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365117/two-dimensional-gas-chromatography-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-based-serum-metabolic-fingerprints-of-neonatal-calves-before-and-after-first-colostrum-ingestion
#16
T Miyazaki, K Okada, T Yamashita, M Miyazaki
Neonatal calves show a remarkable increase in serum IgG levels after first ingestion of colostrum. They can absorb high-molecular IgG from colostrum in the small intestine by nonspecific receptor-independent fluid pinocytosis within 24 h after birth. However, little is known about the temporal changes in serum small-molecule metabolites, such as carbohydrates and AA, in neonatal calves after first colostrum ingestion. In this study, we examined temporal changes in serum metabolites of neonatal calves after first ingestion of colostrum by comprehensive 2-dimensional gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCxGC-MS)...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349416/the-effect-of-the-colostral-cells-on-gene-expression-of-cytokines-in-cord-blood-cells
#17
Jiří Hrdý, Olga Novotná, Ingrid Kocourková, Ludmila Prokešová
Beneficial effect of maternal milk is acknowledged, but there is still question whether maternal milk from allergic mother is as good as from healthy one. In our study, we have assayed the effect of cells from colostrum of healthy and allergic mothers on gene expression of cytokines in cord blood cells of newborns of healthy and allergic mothers. Cytokines typical for Th1 (IL-2, IFN-gamma), Th2 (IL-4, IL-13), Tregs (IL-10, TGF-beta), and IL-8 were followed. We were not able to detect significant influence of colostral cells on gene expression of cytokines in cord blood after 2-day coculture using Transwell system...
March 28, 2017: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346497/determinants-of-infant-nutritional-status-in-dabat-district-north-gondar-ethiopia-a-case-control-study
#18
Amarech Asratie Wubante
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is the top cause of global burden of disease, disability and mortality among infants. Over two-thirds of deaths of children globally occur during the first year of life (infancy). Malnutrition among infants is substantially high in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study is aimed to assess determinants of infant nutritional status. METHODS: A community based nested case-control study was conducted from February to June 2013 in Dabat district. A total of 80 cases and 320 controls (1:4 ratios) were studied...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337875/the-pig-as-a-model-for-premature-infants-the-importance-of-immunoglobulin-supplementation-for-growth-and-development
#19
A Socha-Banasiak, S Pierzynowski, J Woliński, D Grujic, M Boryczka, P Grzesiak, P Szczurek, E Czkwianianc, B Westrom, K Goncharova
Preterm human neonates, contrary to preterm piglets, obtain immunoglobulins from their mothers via the placenta during intrauterine development. However, one should note that the majority of trans-placental transfer of immunoglobulins in humans takes place during the last trimester of pregnancy. It is also known that the feeding of limited amounts of colostrum or systemic infusion of small amounts of serum improves the survival of preterm and full-term piglets. Full-term piglets deprived of their mother’s immunoglobulins exhibit strong apathy and develop watery diarrhoea, often resulting in death...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336102/influence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-on-fatty-acid-concentrations-in-human-colostrum
#20
Ilana R Azulay Chertok, Zelalem T Haile, Smadar Eventov-Friedman, Nissim Silanikove, Nurit Argov-Argaman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine differences in fatty acid concentrations in colostrum of women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The effect of GDM on fatty acid composition of colostrum is not fully understood, although rates of GDM are increasing globally. METHODS: A prospective case-control study was conducted of postpartum women with and without GDM. Gas chromatographic analysis was conducted to examine differences in colostral fatty acids of the colostrum samples of 29 women with and 34 without GDM...
April 2017: Nutrition
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