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Colostrum

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640669/cellular-components-including-stem-like-cells-of-preterm-mother-s-mature-milk-as-compared-with-those-in-her-colostrum-a-pilot-study
#1
Pankaj Kaingade, Indumathi Somasundaram, Akshita Sharma, Darshan Patel, Dhanasekaran Marappagounder
Purpose and Study Objective: Whether the preterm mothers' mature milk retains the same cellular components as those in colostrum including stem-like cell, cell adhesion molecules, and immune cells. PARTICIPANTS: A total of five preterm mothers were recruited for the study having an average age of 30.2 years and gestational age of 29.8 weeks from the Pristine Women's Hospital, Kolhapur. Colostrum milk was collected within 2-5 days and matured milk was collected 20-30 days after delivery from the same mothers...
June 22, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637804/bioactive-immune-components-of-anti-diarrheagenic-enterotoxigenic-e-coli-etec-hyperimmune-bovine-colostrum-products
#2
Khandra T Sears, Sharon M Tennant, Mardi K Reymann, Raphael Simon, Nicky Konstantopoulos, William C Blackwelder, Eileen M Barry, Marcela F Pasetti
Diarrhea is a common illness among travelers to resource-limited countries, the most prevalent attributable agent being enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC). There are presently no vaccines licensed specifically for the prevention of ETEC-induced traveler's diarrhea (TD), and this has propelled investigation of alternative preventive methods. Colostrum, the first milk expressed after birthing, is rich in immunoglobulins and innate immune components for protection of newborns against infectious agents. Hyperimmune bovine colostrum (HBC) produced by immunization of cows during gestation (and containing high levels of specific antibodies) is a practical and effective prophylactic tool against gastrointestinal illnesses...
June 21, 2017: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology: CVI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637500/association-of-antenatal-care-and-place-of-delivery-with-newborn-care-practices-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-rural-uttar-pradesh-india
#3
Niveditha Devasenapathy, Sutapa B Neogi, Srinivasan Soundararajan, Danish Ahmad, Avishek Hazra, Jaleel Ahmad, Neelakshi Mann, Dileep Mavalankar
BACKGROUND: Appropriate immediate newborn care is vital for neonatal survival. Antenatal period is a crucial time to impart knowledge and awareness to mothers regarding newborn care, either during facility visits or during home visits by community health workers (CHWs) especially in the rural context. In this paper, we report newborn care practices in rural Uttar Pradesh (UP) and have explored association between newborn care practices with antenatal care, contact with community health workers during pregnancy and place of childbirth...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627333/influence-of-preservation-methods-on-the-quality-of-colostrum-sourced-from-new-zealand-dairy-farms
#4
K S Denholm, J C Hunnam, E L Cuttance, S McDougall
AIMS: To assess the effect of two temperatures (ambient temperature and 4 °C), three preservation methods (no preservative, yoghurt and potassium sorbate), and two periods of storage (3 and 7 days) on Brix and total bacterial and coliform counts of colostrum collected from New Zealand dairy farms. METHODS: One litre of colostrum destined to be fed to newborn calves was collected from 55 New Zealand dairy farms in the spring of 2015. Six aliquots of 150 mL were obtained from each colostrum sample, with two aliquots left untreated, two treated with potassium sorbate and two with yoghurt, and one of each pair of aliquots stored at ambient temperature and the other at 4°C All samples were tested for Brix, total bacterial counts and coliform counts before treatment (Day 0), and after 3 and 7 days of storage...
June 18, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627316/associations-between-management-practices-and-colostrum-quality-on-new-zealand-dairy-farms
#5
K S Denholm, J C Hunnam, E L Cuttance, S McDougall
AIMS: To describe colostrum quality in spring-calving dairy herds in New Zealand, in terms of Brix, pH and total and coliform bacterial counts and to investigate associations between farm management practices and these measures of colostrum quality. METHODS: In June 2015, commercial dairy farms (n=105), located in North and South Islands of New Zealand, were visited shortly after the first cows had calved, and when approximately 50% and 80% of the herd had calved (early, middle and late visits)...
June 18, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623367/bovine-antibodies-targeting-primary-and-recurrent-clostridium-difficile-disease-are-a-potent-antibiotic-alternative
#6
Melanie L Hutton, Bliss A Cunningham, Kate E Mackin, Shelley A Lyon, Meagan L James, Julian I Rood, Dena Lyras
The increased incidence of antibiotic resistant 'superbugs' has amplified the use of broad spectrum antibiotics worldwide. An unintended consequence of antimicrobial treatment is disruption of the gastrointestinal microbiota, resulting in susceptibility to opportunistic pathogens, such as Clostridium difficile. Paradoxically, treatment of C. difficile infections (CDI) also involves antibiotic use, leaving patients susceptible to re-infection. This serious health threat has led to an urgent call for the development of new therapeutics to reduce or replace the use of antibiotics to treat bacterial infections...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622787/monitoring-of-the-newborn-dog-and-prediction-of-neonatal-mortality
#7
Hanna Mila, Aurélien Grellet, Marine Delebarre, Claire Mariani, Alexandre Feugier, Sylvie Chastant-Maillard
Despite the high neonatal mortality rate in puppies, pertinent criteria for health evaluation of the newborns are not defined. This study was thus designed to measure and to characterize factors of variation of six health parameters in dog neonates, and to evaluate their value as predictors of neonatal mortality. A total of 347 purebred puppies under identical conditions of housing and management were examined within the first 8h after birth and then at Day 1. The first health evaluation included Apgar score, weight, blood glucose, lactate and β-hydroxybutyrate concentration, rectal temperature and urine specific gravity (SG)...
August 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617764/oropharyngeal-colostrum-administration-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Yuxia Zhang, Futing Ji, Xiaojing Hu, Yun Cao, Jos M Latour
OBJECTIVES: Studies have confirmed the safety of oropharyngeal administration of colostrum in very low birth weight infants. However, the effect of oropharyngeal administration of colostrum on immune system is inconclusive. This study aims to evaluate the effect of oropharyngeal administration of colostrum on secretory immunoglobulin A and lactoferrin in very low birth weight infants. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Forty-bedded neonatal ICU in a university children's hospital in the People's Republic of China...
June 14, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616498/xenotransplantation-a-special-case-of-one-health
#9
REVIEW
Joachim Denner
The chronic shortage of human transplants to treat tissue and organ failure has led to the development of xenotransplantation, the transplantation of cells, tissues and organs from another species to human recipients. For a number of reasons, pigs are best suited as donor animals. Successful, routine xenotransplantation would have an enormous impact on the health of the human population, including the young, who sometimes require a replacement organ or islet cells, but especially the elderly, who more often suffer the consequences of organ failure...
June 2017: One Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615123/quantification-of-equine-immunoglobulin-a-in-serum-and-secretions-by-a-fluorescent-bead-based-assay
#10
Christiane L Schnabel, Susanna Babasyan, Heather Freer, Bettina Wagner
Only few quantitative reports exist about the concentrations and induction of immunoglobulin A (IgA) in mucosal secretions of horses. Despite this, it is widely assumed that IgA is the predominant immunoglobulin on mucosal surfaces in the horse. Here, two new monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against equine IgA, clones 84-1 and 161-1, were developed and characterized in detail. Both IgA mAbs specifically bound monomeric and dimeric equine IgA in different applications, such as Western blots and fluorescent bead-based assays...
June 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601463/evaluation-of-the-capillary-electrophoresis-method-for-measurement-of-immunoglobulin-concentration-in-ewe-colostrum
#11
V Lopreiato, C Ceniti, F Trimboli, E Fratto, M Marotta, D Britti, V M Morittu
Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is a technique routinely used in clinical laboratories that allows the separation and quantification of blood serum proteins in a rapid, precise, accurate, and inexpensive manner. Recently, CE has been proposed to separate and measure colostral proteins, but an evaluation of the agreement between CE and radial immunodiffusion (RID) method, currently used to quantify IgG in colostrum, is still lacking. The purpose of this study was to test the ability of a CE instrument, normally used in blood serum protein analysis, to realize the correct quantification of total Ig concentration in ewe colostrum, using RID assay as reference...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601458/ad-libitum-milk-replacer-feeding-but-not-butyrate-supplementation-affects-growth-performance-as-well-as-metabolic-and-endocrine-traits-in-holstein-calves
#12
D Frieten, C Gerbert, C Koch, G Dusel, K Eder, E Kanitz, J M Weitzel, H M Hammon
The enhanced growth performance of calves fed a higher plane of nutrition pre-weaning is well documented, and the effect of butyrate on the development of the gastrointestinal tract in calves has been evaluated. The aim of this study was to examine the synergistic effects of ad libitum milk replacer (MR) feeding and butyrate supplementation on growth performance and energy metabolism in calves. Sixty-four (32 male, 32 female) Holstein calves were examined from birth until wk 11 of life. Calves received MR either ad libitum (Adl) or restrictively (Res) with (AdlB+, ResB+) or without (AdlB-, ResB-) 0...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601035/effects-of-dietary-cla-supplementation-parity-and-different-concentrate-levels-before-calving-on-immunoglobulin-g1-g2-and-m-concentrations-in-dairy-cows
#13
Melanie Eger, Jana Horn, Jamal Hussen, Hans-Joachim Schuberth, Maria Scharf, Ulrich Meyer, Sven Dänicke, Hartwig Bostedt, Gerhard Breves
Peripartal dairy cows exhibit a higher susceptibility for infectious diseases, which might be linked to the negative energy balance occurring at the onset of lactation. A dietary supplementation of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) may reduce milk fat yield and subsequently lower the energy deficit. The utilization of immunoglobulins (Ig) for colostrogenesis might impair humoral immunity in peripartal dairy cows; therefore this study investigated the effects of a CLA supplement, parity and different dietary energy levels on plasma and colostrum IgG1, IgG2 and IgM levels in dairy cows and their calves...
June 2, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596790/high-doses-of-halotolerant-gut-indigenous-lactobacillus-plantarum-reduce-cultivable-lactobacilli-in-newborn-calves-without-increasing-its-species-abundance
#14
Alexander Rodriguez-Palacios, Henry R Staempfli, J Scott Weese
To elucidate the ecological effect of high oral doses of halotolerant (resistant to table salt) indigenous-gut bacteria on other commensals early in life, we conducted a culture-based study to quantify the effect of intestinal Lactobacillus plantarum strain of bovine origin (with remarkable aerobic growth capabilities and inhibitory activity against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and F5) on clinical health and gut lactobacilli/coliforms in newborn calves. In a double-blind placebo-randomized trial twelve colostrum-fed calves, consecutively born at a farm, were fed L...
2017: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594446/sow-housing-associated-with-reproductive-performance-in-breeding-herds
#15
REVIEW
Yuzo Koketsu, Ryosuke Iida
Female pigs in breeding herds can be managed through four phases-gilt development, breeding, gestation, and lactation-during which they may be housed in group or individual pens, stalls, or on pasture. In this review, we focus on housing environments that optimize outcomes during gestation and lactation. Appropriate housing is important during early gestation, to protect embryos and to confirm pregnancy, and from mid-to-late gestation, to ensure sufficient nutrition to increase placental and fetal growth. No difference in the number of pigs born alive were reported between group housing and individual stall housing, although more risk factors for reproductive performance are associated with group housing than stall housing including genetics, bedding, floor space allowance, group size, social ranking, and parity...
May 2, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594075/influence-of-dietary-fat-source-on-sow-and-litter-performance-colostrum-and-milk-fatty-acid-profile-in-late-gestation-and-lactation
#16
Chao Jin, Zhengfeng Fang, Yan Lin, Lianqiang Che, Caimei Wu, Shengyu Xu, Bin Feng, Jian Li, De Wu
The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation with various fat sources (3.8-3.9% of diet) during late pregnancy and lactation on the reproductive performance, fatty acids profile in colostrum, milk and serum of sow progeny. A total of 80 multiparous sows were randomly fed a control (adding no oil), palm oil (PO), fish oil (FO) or soybean oil (SO) supplemented diet from 90 days of pregnancy to weaning. Supplementation of FO increased litter size of weak piglets, compared with the control-fed sows (P < 0...
June 8, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592278/effects-of-oil-quality-and-antioxidant-supplementation-on-sow-performance-milk-composition-and-oxidative-status-in-serum-and-placenta
#17
Guoqi Su, Junmei Zhao, Guangbo Luo, Yue Xuan, Zhengfeng Fang, Yan Lin, Shengyu Xu, De Wu, Jun He, Lianqiang Che
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of oil quality and antioxidant (AOX) supplementation on sow performance, milk composition and oxidative status. METHODS: A total of 80 PIC (PIC breeding, 3 ~ 5 parities) sows with similar body condition were allocated to four groups (n = 20), receiving diets including fresh corn oil, oxidized corn oil, fresh corn oil plus AOX and oxidized corn oil plus AOX, respectively, from d 85 of gestation to d 21 of lactation...
June 7, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586632/antibody-profile-of-colostrum-and-the-effect-of-processing-in-human-milk-banks-implications-in-immunoregulatory-properties
#18
Claudio Rodríguez-Camejo, Arturo Puyol, Laura Fazio, Analía Rodríguez, Emilia Villamil, Eliana Andina, Vanira Cordobez, Hernán Díaz, Mary Lemos, Gabriela Siré, Lilián Carroscia, Mara Castro, Luis Panizzolo, Ana Hernández
BACKGROUND: When feeding preterm infants, donor milk is preferred if the mother's own milk is unavailable. Pasteurization may have detrimental effects on bioactivity, but more information is needed about its effects on the immunological compounds. Research aim: This work has two main aims: evaluate the antibody profile of colostrum and study the quantitative variations in the antibodies' level and specific reactivity after undergoing Holder pasteurization. The authors focused on immunoregulatory components of colostrum (antidietary antibodies and TGF-β2) in the neonatal gut...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586595/patterns-and-determinants-of-breast-feeding-among-mother-infant-pairs-in-dera-ghazi-khan-pakistan
#19
Moazzam Ali Khan, Zubia Qureshi, Kauser Aftab Khan, Fouzia Nadeem Gill
OBJECTIVE: Proper breastfeeding practices are effective ways for reducing childhood morbidity and mortality. The objective of the present study was to determine the patterns and explore the determinants associated with breast feeding practices among the nursing women in Dera Ghazi Khan. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted on randomly selected lactating mother infant pairs in Dera Ghazi Khan. Structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Analysis was done by using SPSS, chi square test was applied to see the association between breast feeding practices and its determinants such as knowledge of breast feeding practices...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586173/xanthophyll-esters-are-found-in-human-colostrum
#20
José J Ríos, Ana Augusta Odorissi Xavier, Elena Díaz-Salido, Isabel Arenilla-Vélez, Manuel Jarén-Galán, Juan Garrido-Fernández, Josefa Aguayo-Maldonado, Antonio Pérez-Gálvez
SCOPE: Carotenoids in human milk are associated with other lipid counterparts in several metabolic processes. One interesting association that has not been demonstrated to date is the presence of xanthophyll esters. Colostrum and mature milk samples were analysed to determine the occurrence of xanthophyll esters and identify the compounds. Thus, the association of the amounts of these compounds with lactation and whether they are significant contributors to the carotenoid profile of human milk was assessed...
June 6, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
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