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Lobar pneumonia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221755/unilateral-brachial-plexopathy-a-rare-complication-of-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-infection
#1
Barbara Robnik, Darja Keše, Tereza Rojko, Alenka Horvat-Ledinek, Aleš Pražnikar, Bojana Beović
Few reports in the literature describe isolated peripheral neuropathies in relation to Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection without concurrent damage to the central nervous system. To our knowledge only a single case of mononeuritis multiplex with brachial plexus neuropathy coincident with M. pneumoniae has been documented until now. Here we present the first clinical case of lobar M. pneumoniae pneumonia in a 19-year-old female patient, where coincident neurological complications manifested as unilateral brachial plexus neuropathy, affecting axillar and suprascapular nerves...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217899/technical-feasibility-and-short-term-outcome-of-intracorporeal-hand-sewn-esophagojejunostomy-after-laparoscopic-total-gastrectomy-our-experience
#2
Shailesh Puntambekar, Reda Badran, Hirav Parikh, Arpit Bansal, Vikrant Sharma, Mihir Chitale, Saptesh Jadhav
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the safety and technical feasibility of intracorporeal hand-sewn esophagojejunostomy after laparoscopic total gastrectomy. Laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) is a technically challenging procedure, especially for esophagojejunal anastomosis (EJA). Various techniques have been described to overcome these difficulties using staplers with variable results. We report successfully performed complete intracorporeal hand-sewn EJA after LTG. The perioperative clinical data and short-term outcomes for 30 patients who underwent LTG using hand-sewn EJA for gastric cancer between 2013 and 2015 have been retrospectively reviewed...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207814/congenital-lobar-emphysema-anaesthetic-challenges-and-review-of-literature
#3
Suman Saini, Smita Prakash, Meera Rajeev, K K Girdhar
Congenital Lobar Emphysema (CLE) is a developmental anomaly, characterized by hyperinflation of one or more pulmonary lobes. It presents in infancy with variable degree of respiratory distress due to compression atelectasis. It is most often associated with mediastinal shift with subsequent hypoxia. CLE poses a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma. We report a case of five-month-old infant of CLE requiring left lobectomy, who was previously being treated for pneumonia which was unresponsive to medical therapy...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207760/epituberculosis-revisited-case-report-and-review
#4
Lavina Vishnu Mirchandani, Sindhu S Kamath, Jayalakshami Thelapurath Kutty, Aparna Iyer
Primary pulmonary tuberculosis can involve regional lymph nodes which may resolve spontaneously or on treatment; or they may enlarge causing extrinsic bronchial compression; or cause endobronchial inflammation and ulceration; or a node may erode through the bronchial wall with extrusion of caseous materials into the bronchial tree, causing focal or lobar pneumonia. This erosion is seen radiologically as hilar lymphadenopathy, with atelectasis and consolidation and described as "epituberculosis". It is more common in infants than older children...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187254/acute-disseminated-melioidosis-giving-rise-to-pneumonia-and-renal-abscesses-complicated-with-thrombotic-thrombocytopenic-purpura-in-a-post-partum-woman-a-case-report
#5
Piyumi Sachindra Alwis Wijewickrama, Rohini Weerakoon
BACKGROUND: Melioidosis is an established endemic infection in Sri Lanka, caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, a gram negative bacterium distributed in saprophytes in soil and surface water. Main mode of transmission is via percutaneous inoculation. Pneumonia is the most common presentation in acute disease. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 33 year old previously healthy Sinhalese female with an occupational exposure to surface water in paddy fields, who was on postpartum day 6 following an uncomplicated pregnancy and delivery via an elective caesarian section...
November 29, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044898/use-of-computed-tomography-and-minimum-intensity-projection-in-the-detection-of-lobar-pneumonia-mimicking-lung-lobe-torsion-in-a-dog
#6
Sang-Kwon Lee, Kyoung-Oh Cho, Mia Madel Alfajaro, Juhwan Lee, Dohyeon Yu, Jihye Choi
A 10-year-old female spayed Dachshund was referred with progressive coughing for 1 month. The dog was tentatively diagnosed with right middle lung torsion based on pleural effusion, vesicular emphysema, abruptly ending bronchus in consolidated right middle lung, and no contrast enhancement of the affected lobe on radiography and computed tomography (CT). There was no evidence of torsion upon thoracotomy, and histological examination confirmed lobar pneumonia. The CT images were reevaluated using minimum intensity projection and revealed normal bronchial courses...
October 16, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019042/long-term-outcomes-of-adult-medulloblastoma-patients-treated-with-radiotherapy
#7
Brian De, Kathryn Beal, Kevin C De Braganca, Mark M Souweidane, Ira J Dunkel, Yasmin Khakoo, Stephen W Gilheeney, Lisa M DeAngelis, Paul Menzel, Suchit H Patel, Suzanne L Wolden
Medulloblastoma (MB) is rare in adults and treatment guidelines are consequently not well-established. Few modern series have reported long-term follow-up and treatment sequelae. We examined long-term outcomes of adult MB patients at one institution. Records of 29 consecutive patients (18 male, 11 female) aged ≥ 18 years who received radiotherapy (RT) for primary MB from 1990 to 2016 were reviewed. Median age at diagnosis was 28 years (range 18-72 years). Seventeen patients were standard risk and 12 were high risk...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918242/predictive-value-of-thomsen-friedenreich-antigen-activation-for-streptococcus-pneumoniae-infection-and-severity-in-pediatric-lobar-pneumonia
#8
Chia-Jung Chang, Nan-Chang Chiu, Fu-Yuan Huang, Daniel Tsung-Ning Huang, Lung Chang, Ching-Ying Huang, Yen-Hsin Kung, Hsin Chi
BACKGROUND: Most cases of complicated pneumonia in children are caused by pneumococcal infections. Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen (TA) is present on erythrocytes, platelets and glomeruli, and it can be activated during pneumococcal infection. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of TA activation for pneumococcal infection and association with the severity of complicated pneumonia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with lobar pneumonia were routinely tested for TA at the Department of Pediatrics, Mackay Memorial Hospital from January 2010 to December 2015...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761803/invasive-aspergillosis-in-a-patient-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#9
Neslihan Cicek, Nurdan Yildiz, Eda Kepenekli Kadayifci, Ibrahim Gokce, Harika Alpay
Invasive aspergillosis caused by A. Fumigatus, almost occurs in immunocompromised hosts and has a poor prognosis. We report a case of invasive Aspergillosis in a 15-year-old boy with ESRD. He was initially diagnosed as lobar pneumonia and peritonitis. When he complained for lower extremity weakness and had convulsions, a solid mass originated from right lung compresses the spinal cord and intracranial hemorrhagic abscesses were found on MRI. The biopsy specimen showed hypae of aspergillus-spp and he died on 12th day...
December 2017: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756815/establishment-of-a-predictive-diagnostic-model-for-acute-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-infection-in-elderly-patients-with-community-acquired-pneumonia
#10
Hong Li Xiao, De Li Xin, Yan Wang, Li Jian Cui, Xiao Ya Liu, Song Liu, Li Hong Song, Chun Ling Liu, Cheng Hong Yin
We established a diagnostic model to predict acute Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumonia) infection in elderly Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients. We divided 456 patients into acute and non-acute M. pneumoniae infection groups. Binary logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to establish a predictive model. The following independent factors were identified: age ⋝ 70 years; serum cTNT level ⋝ 0.05 ng/mL; lobar consolidation; mediastinal lymphadenopathy; and antibody titer in the acute phase ⋝ 1:40...
July 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725561/bronchopleural-and-pleurocutaneous-fistula-in-hiv-patient-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#11
Filipa Duarte-Ribeiro, Cátia Dias, Margarida Mota
We present a 37-year-old man intravenous drug user, with HIV/HCV/HBV co-infection, lymph node tuberculosis 10 years before (completed 12 months of treatment), and left lobar pneumonia 4 years earlier complicated by empyema (treated with left lower lobectomy with a persistent bronchopleural fistula) who was admitted to the emergency department with caseous-purulent drainage and exteriorization of air from an orifice in the chest wall. Acid-fast bacilli were identified in this drainage. A pleurocutaneous fistula was evident on the chest computed tomography scan...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601825/defining-and-measuring-suspicion-of-sepsis-an-analysis-of-routine-data
#12
Matthew Inada-Kim, Bethan Page, Imran Maqsood, Charles Vincent
OBJECTIVES: To define the target population of patients who have suspicion of sepsis (SOS) and to provide a basis for assessing the burden of SOS, and the evaluation of sepsis guidelines and improvement programmes. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of routinely collected hospital administrative data. SETTING: Secondary care, eight National Health Service (NHS) Acute Trusts. PARTICIPANTS: Hospital Episode Statistics data for 2013-2014 was used to identify all admissions with a primary diagnosis listed in the 'suspicion of sepsis' (SOS) coding set...
June 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592263/radiologic-findings-as-a-determinant-and-no-effect-of-macrolide-resistance-on-clinical-course-of-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia
#13
In Ae Yoon, Ki Bae Hong, Hoan Jong Lee, Ki Wook Yun, Ji Young Park, Young Hoon Choi, Woo Sun Kim, Hyunju Lee, Byung Wook Eun, Young Min Ahn, Eun Young Cho, Hwa Jin Cho, Eun Hwa Choi
BACKGROUND: With the emergence of macrolide resistance, concerns about the efficacy of macrolides for the treatment of Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) pneumonia in children have been raised. This study aimed to determine the effect of macrolide resistance on the outcome of children who were hospitalized with MP pneumonia. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2015, we performed culture of MP from nasopharyngeal samples obtained from children who were hospitalized with pneumonia at five hospitals in Korea...
June 7, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587330/principles-of-antibiotic-application-in-children-with-lobar-pneumonia-step-up-or-step-down
#14
Yan Li, Feng Han, Yan Yang, Jianwei Chu
In order to provide a scientific basis for rational use of antibiotics, we studied and compared the therapeutic effects of step-down and step-up antibiotic treatment schemes in children with lobar pneumonia. Eighty cases of children with lobar pneumonia were enrolled in this study and were randomly divided into two groups: The observation group and the control group, with 40 cases in each group. In the observation group, there were 23 cases with mild and 17 cases with severe lobar pneumonia, and in the control group, 25 were mild and 15 were severe cases...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580063/imaging-findings-of-ulceroglandular-tularemia
#15
Neil Anand, Osmani Deochand, Robyn Murphy
Francisella tularensis, the causative organism in Tularemia, is a relatively rare disease. There are a few radiological clues to elucidate its presence when suspicion arises. There should be strong consideration for Tularemia in the differential of any patient with its classic symptoms, diffuse cervical lymphadenopathy with evidence of necrosis, and enlarged adenoids. Ultrasound may demonstrate suppurative lymphadenopathy suggestive of infection, as in the case presented. CT often will demonstrate the extent of lymphadenopathy...
January 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515580/infectious-pneumonia-in-the-immunocompetent-host-what-the-radiologist-should-know
#16
Rohini G Ghasi, Sunil K Bajaj
Lung infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality, particularly because of the rising antimicrobial resistance. According to the clinical setting, they can be categorized as community-acquired pneumonia and hospital-acquired pneumonia. Radiological patterns of lung infections are lobar consolidation, bronchopneumonia, interstitial pattern, and nodular pattern. In addition, typical imaging features of several infections serve as "red flag signs" in reaching a diagnosis or altering the management...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513923/histological-variability-and-consequences-in-chronic-bird-related-hypersensitivity-pneumonitis
#17
Junichi Ochi, Yoshio Ohtani, Tamiko Takemura, Takumi Akashi, Tomoya Tateishi, Yasunari Miyazaki, Naohiko Inase, Yasuyuki Yoshizawa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lobar and temporal histological variability in chronic bird-related hypersensitivity pneumonitis (BRHP) has not been clearly elucidated. This study was designed to evaluate the spatio-temporal histopathological variability in chronic BRHP. METHODS: Fifty-two patients with chronic BRHP who underwent a surgical lung biopsy (SLB) between 1992 and 2008 were evaluated. The histopathological characteristics of the lung biopsy specimens were classified by the 2002 American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society (ATS/ERS) consensus classification of idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs)...
May 17, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513594/regionally-compartmentalized-resident-memory-t-cells-mediate-naturally-acquired-protection-against-pneumococcal-pneumonia
#18
N Ms Smith, G A Wasserman, F T Coleman, K L Hilliard, K Yamamoto, E Lipsitz, R Malley, H Dooms, M R Jones, L J Quinton, J P Mizgerd
As children age, they become less susceptible to the diverse microbes causing pneumonia. These microbes are pathobionts that infect the respiratory tract multiple times during childhood, generating immunological memory. To elucidate mechanisms of such naturally acquired immune protection against pneumonia, we modeled a relevant immunological history in mice by infecting their airways with mismatched serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus). Previous pneumococcal infections provided protection against a heterotypic, highly virulent pneumococcus, as evidenced by reduced bacterial burdens and long-term sterilizing immunity...
May 17, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483268/outcomes-after-lobar-versus-sublobar-resection-for-clinical-stage-i-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-patients-with-interstitial-lung-disease
#19
Yasuhiro Tsutani, Takeshi Mimura, Yuichiro Kai, Masaoki Ito, Keizo Misumi, Yoshihiro Miyata, Morihito Okada
OBJECTIVE: Since the prognosis after standard lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) is poor, we investigated the possibility of sublobar resection for the improvement of the surgical results in such patients. METHODS: Of 796 consecutive patients with clinical stage I NSCLC who underwent pulmonary resection, 107 were diagnosed with ILD using high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). Overall survivals (OS) were compared between patients with non-ILD and those with ILD or between patients with ILD who underwent lobectomy and those who underwent sublobar resection...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428678/productive-cough-in-children-and-adolescents-view-from-primary-health-care-system
#20
REVIEW
Edin Begic, Zijo Begic, Amra Dobraca, Edo Hasanbegovic
Cough is one of the most common symptoms that doctor faces in working with pediatric population, and according to some characteristics of cough, doctors can often conclude localization, and sometimes even the nature of the disease that causes it. Cough is not only the physiological defense reaction, but a symptom of a disease. According to duration it can be acute, chronic and recidivist, recurrent and persistent, strong or discreet, caused by changes in body position and changes in outside temperature. Pathoanatomically it is divided into lobar, lobular, alveolar and interstitial, pathogenetically to bronchogenic and hematogenous, as well as in immuno competent and immunocompromised, and clinically on the local and inpatient (72 hours after hospital admission)...
February 2017: Medical Archives
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