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Lobar pneumonia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198195/novel-adenovirus-detected-in-kowari-dasyuroides-byrnei-with-pneumonia
#1
János Gál, Míra Mándoki, Endre Sós, Péter Kertész, Viktória Koroknai, Krisztián Bányai, Szilvia L Farkas
A male kowari (Dasyuroides byrnei) originating from a zoo facility was delivered for post mortem evaluation in Hungary. Acute lobar pneumonia with histopathologic changes resembling an adenovirus (AdV) infection was detected by light microscopic examination. The presence of an AdV was confirmed by obtaining partial sequence data from the adenoviral DNA-dependent DNA-polymerase. Although the exact taxonomic position of this novel marsupial origin virus could not be determined, pairwise identity analyses and phylogenetic calculations revealed that it is distantly related to other members in the family Adenoviridae...
February 15, 2017: Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179246/legionella-pneumophila-pneumonia-possibly-due-to-ustekinumab-therapy-in-a-patient-with-crohn-s-disease
#2
Joaquín Borrás-Blasco, Xavier Cortes, Sergio Fernandez-Martinez, Elvira Casterá, Beatriz Antequera
PURPOSE: A case report of Legionella pneumophila pneumonia associated with off-label use of ustekinumab in a patient with Crohn's disease (CD) is presented. SUMMARY: A 57-year-old man with longstanding CD was hospitalized with a four-day history of fever (38.5 °C), dyspnea, left pleuritic pain, and weight loss (more than 6 kg) about six weeks after beginning treatment with ustekinumab, a human monoclonal antibody approved in the United States for two indications (plaque psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis) and currently under investigation as a potential treatment for CD and other inflammatory disorders...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126327/serotype-specific-effectiveness-of-23-valent-pneumococcal-polysaccharide-vaccine-against-pneumococcal-pneumonia-in-adults-aged-65-years-or-older-a-multicentre-prospective-test-negative-design-study
#3
Motoi Suzuki, Bhim Gopal Dhoubhadel, Tomoko Ishifuji, Michio Yasunami, Makito Yaegashi, Norichika Asoh, Masayuki Ishida, Sugihiro Hamaguchi, Masahiro Aoshima, Koya Ariyoshi, Konosuke Morimoto
BACKGROUND: The serotype-specific effectiveness of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) against pneumococcal pneumonia has not been established in people aged 65 years or older. We assessed the effectiveness of PPV23 in this population. METHODS: For this multicentre, prospective study, we enrolled all individuals aged 65 years or older with community-onset pneumonia who visited four study hospitals in Japan between Sept 28, 2011, and Aug 23, 2014...
January 23, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049240/characteristics-of-adenovirus-pneumonia-in-korean-military-personnel-2012-2016
#4
Hee Yoon, Byung Woo Jhun, Hojoong Kim, Hongseok Yoo, Sung Bum Park
Adenovirus (AdV) can cause severe pneumonia in non-immunocompromised host, but limited data exist on the distinctive characteristics of AdV pneumonia in non-immunocompromised patients. We evaluated distinctive clinico-laboratory and radiological characteristics and outcomes of AdV pneumonia (n = 179), compared with non-AdV pneumonia (n = 188) in Korean military personnel between 2012 and 2016. AdV pneumonia patients had a higher rate of consolidation with ground-glass opacity (101/152) in lobar distribution (89/152) on computed tomography (CT) (P < 0...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043993/safety-and-reproducibility-of-virtual-assisted-lung-mapping-a-multicentre-study-in-japan%C3%A2
#5
Masaaki Sato, Taiji Kuwata, Keiji Yamanashi, Atsushi Kitamura, Kenji Misawa, Kota Imashimizu, Masashi Kobayashi, Masaki Ikeda, Terumoto Koike, Shinji Kosaka, Ryuta Fukai, Yasuo Sekine, Noritaka Isowa, Shin Hirayama, Hiroaki Sakai, Fumiaki Watanabe, Kazuhiro Nagayama, Akihiro Aoyama, Hiroshi Date, Jun Nakajima
OBJECTIVES: Virtual-assisted lung mapping (VAL-MAP) is a preoperative bronchoscopic multispot dye-marking technique using virtual images. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety, efficacy and reproducibility of VAL-MAP among multiple centres. METHODS: Selection criteria included patients with pulmonary lesions anticipated to be difficult to identify at thoracoscopy and/or those undergoing sub-lobar lung resections requiring careful determination of resection margins...
January 2, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032696/high-incidence-of-respiratory-involvement-in-a-cluster-of-brucella-suis-infected-workers-from-a-pork-processing-plant-in-argentina
#6
J C Wallach, J L García, P S Cardinali, A P Seijo, A G Benchetrit, S E Echazarreta, S L Garro, B Deodato, P C Baldi
Epidemiological and clinical aspects of Brucella suis infection in 17 workers from a pork processing plant in Argentina occurring between January 2014 and July 2015 are presented. All patients reported working 9 h daily without adequate personal protection garment. Blood cultures were positive for Brucella spp. in 14 of the 17 patients (82.3%). All isolates were identified as B. suis biovar 1. Although fever, sweats, asthenia, myalgia and hepatic involvement were the most frequent clinical manifestations, an unusually high incidence of respiratory involvement was found...
December 29, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002852/q-fever-pneumonia-in-southwest-germany-radiographic%C3%A2-and-clinical-findings
#7
Andrea Biecker, Michael Bitzer, Erwin Biecker
Purpose Q fever is a worldwide zoonosis that causes clinical symptoms ranging from mild flu-like symptoms to severe pneumonia and/or hepatitis. This retrospective study was conducted to describe the radiographic and clinical signs in patients with acute Q fever pneumonia in Southwest Germany. Patients and Methods 40 patients with IgM-positive Q fever-related pneumonia who were treated in the years 2006 to 2016 in our hospital were retrospectively identified. Clinical and laboratory data were analyzed. Chest radiographs were reviewed by two radiologists and interpreted using a standardized protocol...
February 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956836/relationships-between-th1-th2-cytokine-profiles-and-chest-radiographic-manifestations-in-childhood-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia
#8
Jiu-Ling Zhao, Xin Wang, Yu-Shui Wang
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) is one of the most common childhood community-acquired pneumonias, and the chest radiograph usually shows bronchial pneumonia, segmental/lobar pneumonia, or segmental/lobar pneumonia with pleural effusion. The imbalance of Th1/Th2 function after Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection is an important immunological mechanism of MPP. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the correlations between Th1/Th2 cytokine profiles and chest radiographic manifestations in MPP children...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927829/lesson-of-the-month-1-lobar-pulmonary-consolidation-in-an-immunocompromised-host
#9
Daniel J Reynolds, Carl A Andersen, Sumedh S Hoskote, Hee Eun Lee, Aditya Raghunathan, Sanjay Kalra, Andrew H Limper
A 19-year-old male with a history of idiopathic panuveitis, currently taking methotrexate and infliximab, presented to our institution with 6 weeks of cough, dyspnoea and fevers. He had failed outpatient antimicrobial therapy. Computerised tomography (CT) of the chest revealed the presence of a lobar pneumonia and he was treated with broad spectrum antibiotics, which did not improve his symptoms. Bronchoalveolar lavage was performed with a transbronchial lung biopsy because of the diagnostic uncertainty of the patient's presentation...
December 2016: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924204/combined-use-of-a-double-lumen-tube-and-fogarty-catheter-to-prevent-the-endobronchial-spread-of-infection-a-case-report
#10
Jaewon Kim, Hyelim Lee, Han Park, Chang-Young Jeong
Huntington's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder with an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern. Patients with Huntington's disease show an increased risk of aspiration pneumonia when the pharyngeal muscle is invaded. We report a case of advanced-stage Huntington's disease in which the patient received right middle lobectomy for a lung abscess caused by repeated aspiration. The best lung isolation technique has not yet been established in these patients. We successfully performed selective lobar isolation of the right lower and middle lobes using a double lumen tube and a Fogarty embolectomy catheter...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899697/sudden-death-of-a-child-due-to-pyogenic-bacterial-myocarditis
#11
Asit K Sikary, Asit R Mridha, Chittaranjan Behera
Bacterial myocarditis is an uncommon condition and only a few fatal cases in adults are reported in the scientific literature. Death from acute bacterial myocarditis in children is extremely rare. We report an unusual case of fatal bacterial myocarditis in a seven-year-old girl, who had a history of cough for a month and fever for two days. She was given symptomatic treatment by a local physician without suspecting her clinical condition. Her condition rapidly deteriorated and she was brought in dead to the hospital...
January 1, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893684/ct-findings-of-small-cell-lung-carcinoma-can-recognizable-features-be-found
#12
Dongjun Lee, Ji Young Rho, Seunghun Kang, Koun Joy Yoo, Hye Jeong Choi
The purpose of this study was to clarify the recognizable computed tomography (CT) features of small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC).Contrast enhanced CT scans were reviewed retrospectively for mass location, mediastinal extension, and other concomitant findings in 142 patients with pathologically proven SCLC. SCLC was classified into hilar mass only (type I), hilar mass with ipsilateral mediastinal extension (type II), hilar mass with bilateral mediastinal extension (type III), and peripheral mass (type IV). When mediastinal lymphadenopathy (m-LAP) was indistinguishable from a hilar mass, we defined it as a mediastinal conglomerate mass (m-CM)...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817772/-an-epidemiological-study-on-human-rhinovirus-c-in-hospitalized-children-with-respiratory-tract-infections
#13
Li Li, Wei Ji, Xue-Jun Shao, Jun Xu, Wu-Jun Jiang, Zheng-Rong Chen, Yong-Dong Yan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the detection rates, epidemical characteristics, and clinical features of human rhinovirus C (HRV-C) in hospitalized children with respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in Suzhou, China. METHODS: A total of 1 702 hospitalized children with RTIs from January to December, 2014 were enrolled, and 1 702 nasopharyngeal aspirate samples were collected from all children. RT-PCR was used to measure HRV mRNA, and quantitative real-time PCR combined with high-resolution melting curve was used to measure HRV-C...
November 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789057/a-case-control-study-of-community-acquired-acinetobacter-baumannii-pneumonia-and-melioidosis-pneumonia-in-northeast-thailand-an-emerging-fatal-disease-with-unique-clinical-features
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Samadhi Patamatamkul, Voravan Klungboonkrong, Pakawas Praisarnti, Kittitouch Jirakiat
Acinetobacter baumannii is the emerging cause of severe and often fatal gram-negative, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP-AB) in Thailand. Due to its rarity, its specific clinical features are ill defined. In this retrospective study, we compared the demographic data, risk factors, clinical characteristics, radiographic pattern, and microbiological data between CAP-AB and Burkholderia pseudomallei CAP (CAP-BP) to identify the clinical features and risk factors of CAP-AB. CAP-AB was associated with a more productive cough and a shorter duration of symptoms, while CAP-BP was associated with more musculoskeletal symptoms...
January 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786573/effect-and-mechanism-of-calpains-on-pediatric-lobar-pneumonia
#15
Genquan Yin, Qiang Zeng, Haijin Zhao, Peiqiong Wu, Shaoxi Cai, Li Deng, Wenhui Jiang
BACKGROUND: Lobar pneumonia, one of the community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), is a common pediatric low respiratory tract infection. Calpains are Ca(2+)-activated cysteine proteases whose activation mechanism is elusive. The present study was undertaken to detect the role and mechanism of calpains in pediatric lobar pneumonia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The human acute lung infection model (ALIM) was constructed and infected by Streptococcus. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α...
October 27, 2016: Bioengineered
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785538/cholinergic-pet-imaging-in-infections-and-inflammation-using-11-c-donepezil-and-18-f-feobv
#16
Nis Pedersen Jørgensen, Aage K O Alstrup, Frank V Mortensen, Karoline Knudsen, Steen Jakobsen, Line Bille Madsen, Dirk Bender, Peter Breining, Mikkel Steen Petersen, Mariane Høgsberg Schleimann, Frederik Dagnæs-Hansen, Lars C Gormsen, Per Borghammer
INTRODUCTION: Immune cells utilize acetylcholine as a paracrine-signaling molecule. Many white blood cells express components of the cholinergic signaling pathway, and these are up-regulated when immune cells are activated. However, in vivo molecular imaging of cholinergic signaling in the context of inflammation has not previously been investigated. METHODS: We performed positron emission tomography (PET) using the glucose analogue 18F-FDG, and 11C-donepezil and 18F-FEOBV, markers of acetylcholinesterase and the vesicular acetylcholine transporter, respectively...
March 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684805/reversible-splenial-lesion-syndrome-associated-with-lobar-pneumonia-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#17
Chunrong Li, Xiujuan Wu, Hehe Qi, Yanwei Cheng, Bing Zhang, Hongwei Zhou, Xiaohong Lv, Kangding Liu, Hong-Liang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Reversible splenial lesion syndrome (RESLES) is a rare clinico-radiological disorder with unclear pathophysiology. Clinically, RESLES is defined as reversible isolated splenial lesions in the corpus callosum, which can be readily identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and usually resolve completely over a period of time. RESLES could be typically triggered by infection, antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), poisoning, etc. More factors are increasingly recognized. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reported herein an 18-year-old female patient with lobar pneumonia who developed mental abnormalities during hospitalization...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679757/community-acquired-lobar-pneumonia-encountered-at-autopsy
#18
Marcello DiStasio, Karoly Balogh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516892/pulmonary-mycobacterium-avium-infection-demonstrating-unusual-lobar-caseous-pneumonia
#19
Shinichi Okuzumi, Naoto Minematsu, Mamoru Sasaki, Kazuma Ohsawa, Marohito Murakami
Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection is a major medical concern in Japan because of its increased prevalence and associated mortality. A common radiological feature in pulmonary MAC infection is a mixture of two basic patterns: fibrocavitary and nodular bronchiectatic; however, lobar consolidation is rare. We report an 83-year-old man with lobar caseous pneumonia caused by pulmonary MAC infection. Radiological findings were predominantly composed of dense lobar consolidation and ground-glass opacity...
September 2016: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473947/evaluation-of-a-programme-for-rapid-assessment-of-febrile-travelers-raft-a-clinic-based-quality-improvement-initiative
#20
Farah Jazuli, Terence Lynd, Jordan Mah, Michael Klowak, Dale Jechel, Stefanie Klowak, Howard Ovens, Sam Sabbah, Andrea K Boggild
BACKGROUND: Fever in the returned traveller is a potential medical emergency warranting prompt attention to exclude life-threatening illnesses. However, prolonged evaluation in the emergency department (ED) may not be required for all patients. As a quality improvement initiative, we implemented an algorithm for rapid assessment of febrile travelers (RAFT) in an ambulatory setting. METHODS: Criteria for RAFT referral include: presentation to the ED, reported fever and travel to the tropics or subtropics within the past year...
2016: BMJ Open
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