keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dysentery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643891/assessment-of-freshwater-springs-associated-diseases-and-indigenous-perception-in-ghizer-gilgit-baltistan-pakistan
#1
Shaukat Ali, Rubina, Sadiq Hussain
Objective: To assess the quality of freshwater aquifers (springs) associated diseases, and indigenous perception in Ghizer, Gilgit-Baltistan. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at the department of environmental science, Karakoram International University Gilgit after approval from departmental research committee. In order to get the most accurate results, 18 water samples in triplicates were collected according to our lab own set of sampling standard operating procedures (SOPs) using pre-sterilized bottles of 100 ml from June 2016 to August 2016 along with associated diseases record and structured interviews from indigenous population...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619442/comparison-of-multiplex-single-round-pcr-and-microscopy-in-diagnosis-of-amoebiasis
#2
Sri-Hidajati Bs, Sukmawati Basuki, Suhintam Pusarawati, Kusmartisnawati, Lynda Rossyanti, Sri Wijayanti Sulistyowati, Dwi Peni Kartikasari, Heny Arwati, Indah Tantular, Alpha Fardah, Andy Darma, Retno Handajani, Subijanto Marto Soedarmo
Background: Amoebiasis, the cause of dysentery and extra-intestinal abscesses, now becomes second fatal parasitic disease in the world. As routine microscopic diagnosis cannot differentiate causative Entamoeba histolytica from non-pathogenic E. dispar and E. moshkovskii , better diagnosis has to be searched. Materials and Methods: Multiplex single round PCR was tested and compared with results of microscopy of wet preparation on 30 samples of diarrheic stools and extra intestinal lesions from amoebiasis suspected patients...
2018: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615046/phytochemical-composition-antilipidemic-and-antihypercholestrolemic-perspectives-of-bael-leaf-extracts
#3
Nosheen Asghar, Zarina Mushtaq, Muhammad Umair Arshad, Muhammad Imran, Rabia Shabir Ahmad, Syed Makhdoom Hussain
BACKGROUND: In recent times, focus on plant research has improved all over the world and essential parts of plants provide bioactive compounds in human diet. The bael (Aegle marmelos) has enormous traditional uses in the treatment of chronic diarrhea, dysentery, peptic ulcers and as a laxative. The main focus of this study was characterization of bael leaf extract for its bioactive constituents, antihypercholestrolemic and antilipidemic perspectives. METHODS: After proximate composition of bael powder, the aqueous extract of bael leaf was used for phytochemical profiling (alkaloids, total phenolic content and total flavonoid content)...
April 3, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609253/-study-on-early-warning-threshold-values-for-7-common-communicable-diseases-in-gansu-province-2016
#4
Y Cheng, X F Liu, L Meng, X T Yang, D P Liu, K F Wei, X J Jiang, H X Liu, Y H Zheng
Objective: To optimize the warning threshold values of common communicable diseases in Gansu province, and improve the early warning effect. Method: An early warning model was set up for influenza, scarlet fever, other infectious diarrheal diseases, dysentery, typhoid and paratyphoid, viral hepatitis type E and hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) respectively in Gansu by using the moving percentile method and cumulative sum method. By calculating the sensitivity, specificity, predictive value of positive test, predictive value of negative test, Youden' index and receiver-operating characteristic curve, the optimum early warning threshold values for communicable diseases in Gansu were selected...
March 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590642/use-of-zebrafish-to-study-shigella-infection
#5
REVIEW
Gina M Duggan, Serge Mostowy
Shigella is a leading cause of dysentery worldwide, responsible for up to 165 million cases of shigellosis each year. Shigella is also recognised as an exceptional model pathogen to study key issues in cell biology and innate immunity. Several infection models have been useful to explore Shigella biology; however, we still lack information regarding the events taking place during the Shigella infection process in vivo Here, we discuss a selection of mechanistic insights recently gained from studying Shigella infection of zebrafish ( Danio rerio ), with a focus on cytoskeleton rearrangements and cellular immunity...
February 26, 2018: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576056/brazilin-and-caesalpinia-sappan-l-extract-protect-epidermal-keratinocytes-from-oxidative-stress-by-inducing-the-expression-of-gpx7
#6
Hyung Seo Hwang, Joong Hyun Shim
Caesalpinia sappan L., belonging to the family Leguminosae, is a medicinal plant that is distributed in Southeast Asia. The dried heartwood of this plant is used as a traditional ingredient of food, red dyes, and folk medicines in the treatment of diarrhea, dysentery, tuberculosis, skin infections, and inflammation. Brazilin is the major active compound, which has exhibited various pharmacological effects, including anti-platelet activity, anti-hepatotoxicity, induction of immunological tolerance, and anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities...
March 2018: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573297/a-simple-and-fast-quantitative-analysis-of-quinolizidine-alkaloids-and-their-biosynthetic-precursor-lysine-in-sophora-alopecuroides-by-hydrophilic-interaction-chromatography-coupled-with-triple-quadrupole-tandem-mass-spectroscopy
#7
Hanqing Wang, Dong Xiao, Wei Li, Xia Zhang, Xiaojuan Gao, Jingjiao Yong, Jianjun Zhao, Kazuo Koike
INTRODUCTION: Different parts of Sophora alopecuroides L. (Fabaceae) have historically been used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of dysentery and enteritis. This plant is also utilised as an important resource for industrial preparation of quinolizidine alkaloidal pharmaceuticals. OBJECTIVE: Establish a reliable, simple and fast analytical method for the quantitative determination of the quinolizidine-type alkaloids and extend understanding of the metabolism of quinolizidine-type alkaloids in S...
March 24, 2018: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566718/effect-of-a-live-attenuated-vaccine-against-lawsonia-intracellularis-in-weaned-and-finishing-pig-settings-in-finland
#8
Kati Susanna Peiponen, Birger Taneli Tirkkonen, Jouni Juho Tapio Junnila, Mari Leena Heinonen
BACKGROUND: The intracellular bacterium Lawsonia intracellularis is an important pathogen in modern swine production. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a live attenuated L. intracellularis vaccine (Enterisol Ileitis® ) on the health and production parameters of weaned and finishing pigs in a commercial Finnish 850-sow farm with diagnosed L. intracellularis infection. The herd was free from enzootic pneumonia, swine dysentery, progressive atrophic rhinitis, sarcoptic mange and salmonellosis...
March 23, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556280/induction-of-apoptosis-in-human-cervical-carcinoma-hela-cells-by-active-compounds-from-hypericum-ascyron-l
#9
Xiu-Mei Li, Xue-Gang Luo, Jun-Fang He, Nan Wang, Hao Zhou, Pei-Long Yang, Tong-Cun Zhang
Hypericum ascyron L. (Great St. Johnswort), which belongs to the Hypericaceae family, has been used for the treatment of hematemesis, metrorrhagia, rheumatism, swelling, stomach ache, abscesses, dysentery and irregular menstruation for >2,000 years in China. The aim of the present study was to clarify the anticancer activity compounds from H. ascyron L. and the underlying molecular mechanism. Anticancer activity of H. ascyron L. extract was evaluated using an MTT assay. To confirm the anticancer mechanism of activity compounds, Hoechst 33258, Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide, 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate, rhodamine 123 staining and caspase-3 activity analysis were performed...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556221/plasmid-mediated-quinolone-resistance-in-shigella-flexneri-isolated-from-macaques
#10
Anthony J Mannion, Heather R Martin, Zeli Shen, Ellen M Buckley, JoAnn L Dzink-Fox, Alexis Garcia, Robert P Marini, Mary M Patterson, James G Fox
Non-human primates (NHPs) for biomedical research are commonly infected with Shigella spp. that can cause acute dysentery or chronic episodic diarrhea. These animals are often prophylactically and clinically treated with quinolone antibiotics to eradicate these possible infections. However, chromosomally- and plasmid-mediated antibiotic resistance has become an emerging concern for species in the family Enterobacteriaceae . In this study, five individual isolates of multi-drug resistant Shigella flexneri were isolated from the feces of three macaques...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554815/liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-for-the-quantification-of-a-potent-h-3-receptor-antagonist-conessine-in-serum-and-its-application-to-pharmacokinetic-studies
#11
Mahendra Shukla, Femi M Francis, Jawahar Lal
Conessine, a steroidal alkaloid obtained from the bark and seeds of the plant species of Apocynaceae family, elicits a histamine antagonistic action, selectively for the H3 histaminergic receptors. This alkaloid is used mainly for the treatment of dysentery and helminthic disorders. For the quantification of conessine in serum, a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a Zorbax SB-CN column (100 × 4.6 mm, 3.5 µm), and a mobile phase consisting of 90% methanol in aqueous ammonium acetate buffer (pH 3...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554130/aig1-affects-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-virulence-in-clinical-isolates-of-entamoeba-histolytica
#12
Kumiko Nakada-Tsukui, Tsuyoshi Sekizuka, Emi Sato-Ebine, Aleyla Escueta-de Cadiz, Dar-der Ji, Kentaro Tomii, Makoto Kuroda, Tomoyoshi Nozaki
The disease state of amebiasis, caused by Entamoeba histolytica, varies from asymptomatic to severe manifestations that include dysentery and extraintestinal abscesses. The virulence factors of the pathogen, and host defense mechanisms, contribute to the outcomes of infection; however, the underlying genetic factors, which affect clinical outcomes, remain to be fully elucidated. To identify these genetic factors in E. histolytica, we used Illumina next-generation sequencing to conduct a comparative genomic analysis of two clinical isolates obtained from diarrheal and asymptomatic patients (strains KU50 and KU27, respectively)...
March 19, 2018: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548295/aeromonas-caviae-mimicking-vibrio-cholerae-infectious-enteropathy-in-a-cholera-endemic-region-with-possible-public-health-consequences-two-case-reports
#13
Marco van Zwetselaar, Balthazar Nyombi, Tolbert Sonda, Happiness Kumburu, Nyasatu Chamba, Marieke C J Dekker, Kajiru G Kilonzo, Sarah J Urasa, Blandina T Mmbaga
BACKGROUND: Aeromonas species have been documented to yield false positive results in microbiological tests for Vibrio cholerae. They share many biochemical properties with Vibrio species, with which they were jointly classified in the family Vibrionaceae until genotypic information provided new insights. Aeromonas species are increasingly associated with gastrointestinal infections, albeit with great apparent variation in pathogenicity and virulence both between and within species of the genus...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541156/coptidis-rhizoma-and-its-main-bioactive-components-recent-advances-in-chemical-investigation-quality-evaluation-and-pharmacological-activity
#14
REVIEW
Fan-Cheng Meng, Zheng-Feng Wu, Zhi-Qi Yin, Li-Gen Lin, Ruibing Wang, Qing-Wen Zhang
Background: Coptidis rhizoma (CR) is the dried rhizome of Coptis chinensis Franch., C. deltoidea C. Y. Cheng et Hsiao or C. teeta Wall. (Ranunculaceae) and is commonly used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for the treatment of various diseases including bacillary dysentery, typhoid, tuberculosis, epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis, empyrosis, pertussis, and other illnesses. Methods: A literature survey was conducted via SciFinder, ScieneDirect, PubMed, Springer, and Wiley databases...
2018: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530609/protective-effect-of-sesbania-grandiflora-on-acetic-acid-induced-ulcerative-colitis-in-mice-by-inhibition-of-tnf-%C3%AE-and-il-6
#15
Rohit A Gupta, Meha N Motiwala, Ujawala N Mahajan, Sapna S Sabare
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The plant Sesbania grandiflora (Linn) belonging to the family Fabaceae is commonly known as sesbania, agathi, and katurai. The plant is accredited for alleviating a spectrum of ailments including inflammation, colitis, diarrhea, dysentery, leprosy, gout, rheumatism, jaundice, bronchitis, convulsion and anxiety. It is also used as antitumour, anthelmintic, and laxatives in Ayurveda and Siddha system of Indian traditional medicine. AIM: To reveal protective effect of Sesbania grandiflora in acetic acid induced ulcerative colitis in mice...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502869/immunomodulatory-activities-of-acacia-catechu-a-traditional-thirst-quencher-of-south-india
#16
M A Sunil, V S Sunitha, E K Radhakrishnan, M Jyothis
BACKGROUND: Acacia catechu has been widely used in Ayurveda for treating many diseases. Its heartwood extract is used in asthma, cough, bronchitis, colic, diarrhea, dysentery, boils, skin afflictions, sores and for stomatitis. The decoction of heartwood is used for drinking purpose in southern part of India especially in Kerala. OBJECTIVE: The current study was carried out to scientifically evaluate immunomodulatory effects of heartwood extracts of A. catechu in Swiss albino mice...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497405/surveillance-data-highlights-feed-form-biosecurity-and-disease-control-as-significant-factors-associated-with-salmonella-infection-on-farrow-to-finish-pig-farms
#17
Hector Argüello, Edgar G Manzanilla, Helen Lynch, Kavita Walia, Finola C Leonard, John Egan, Geraldine Duffy, Gillian E Gardiner, Peadar G Lawlor
Among the zoonotic pathogens affecting pigs, Salmonella stands out due to the high number of human cases linked to pork consumption. In the last two decades many countries have put considerable effort into the control of the infection by surveillance and control strategies on farm. Despite this effort, many herds still have a high Salmonella prevalence and they require guidance to address this problem. The present study, using the serological surveillance data of finishing pigs from the Irish National pig Salmonella Control Programme, aimed to highlight factors associated with increased risk or that might mitigate Salmonella occurrence on farm...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489863/in-vivo-screening-platform-for-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-stec-using-caenorhabditis-elegans-as-a-model
#18
Su-Bin Hwang, Jung-Gu Choi, Shuai Wei, Byung-Jae Park, Ramachandran Chelliah, Deog-Hwan Oh
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains are the main cause of bacillary dysentery, although STEC strains generally induce milder disease symptoms compared to Shigella species. This study aimed to determine the virulence of STEC using the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans as a model host. Worm killing, fertility and bacterial colonisation assays were performed to examine the potential difference in the virulence of STEC strains compared to that of the control E. coli OP50 strains on which worms were fed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473532/the-promising-pharmacological-effects-and-therapeutic-medicinal-applications-of-punica-granatum-l-pomegranate-as-a-functional-food-in-humans-and-animals
#19
Kuldeep Dhama
BACKGROUND: Punica granatum L (pomegranate), is a shrub mostly available in the Mediterranean Sea region. The fruits have gained the substantial attention among researchers due to its promising biological activities including anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antidiarrheal, immune modulatory, antitumor, wound healing and antifungal that have been attributed to various constituents of seeds, bark, juice, pericarp and leaf of this tree across the globe. The phenolic compounds of pomegranate have been documented to possess numbers of prophylactic and therapeutic utilities against various pathological infections as well as non-infectious disorders...
February 21, 2018: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419486/occurrence-of-dysentery-like-diarrhoea-associated-with-brachyspira-suanatina-infection-in-a-german-fattening-pig-farm
#20
Judith Rohde, Monir Majzoub-Altweck, Almuth Falkenau, Walter Hermanns, Eric R Burrough, Mathias Ritzmann, Julia Stadler
The anaerobic intestinal spirochaete Brachyspira (B.) suanatina was first described in 2007 but since then no further isolates have been reported from pigs. Accordingly, when the species was validly published in 2016, the overall occurrence and clinical relevance in pigs were unknown. In a fattening farm in southern Germany, mucohaemorrhagic diarrhoea was observed in 60 per cent (750 animals) of the finisher pigs. A diagnostic workup including Brachyspira culture, Salmonella culture, Lawsonia intracellularis-specific, B...
February 1, 2018: Veterinary Record
keyword
keyword
23673
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"