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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871743/isolation-of-brachyspira-hyodysenteriae-from-a-crow-corvus-corone-in-close-proximity-to-commercial-pigs
#1
F Zeeh, S Klausmann, Y Masserey, H Nathues, V Perreten, J Rohde
The aim of this study was to determine whether crows (Corvus corone) can harbour Brachyspira hyodysenteriae, the cause of swine dysentery, and whether the organism carried by crows is related to strains infecting pigs. B. hyodysenteriae was isolated from one crow in close proximity to two pig farms in Switzerland. This isolate, along with five isolates of B. hyodysenteriae from one of the farms, belonged to sequence type (ST) 66 using multilocus sequence typing. This finding suggests that crows are potential vectors of B...
June 2018: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860812/-association-between-distribution-of-bacillary-dysentery-and-meteorological-factors-in-beijing-2004-2015
#2
Z Du, J Zhang, J X Lu, L P Lu
Objective: To analyze the distribution characteristics of bacillary dysentery in Beijing during 2004-2015 and evaluate the influence of meteorological factors on the temporal and spatial distribution of bacillary dysentery. Methods: The incidence data of bacterial dysentery and meteorological data in Beijing from 2004 to 2015 were collected. Descriptive epidemiological analysis was conducted to study the distribution characteristics of bacterial dysentery. Linear correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were carried out to investigate the relationship between the incidence of bacillary dysentery and average precipitation, average air temperature, sunshine hours, average wind speed, average air pressure, gale and rain days...
May 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858013/human-enteric-%C3%AE-defensin-5-promotes-shigella-infection-by-enhancing-bacterial-adhesion-and-invasion
#3
Dan Xu, Chongbing Liao, Bing Zhang, W David Tolbert, Wangxiao He, Zhijun Dai, Wei Zhang, Weirong Yuan, Marzena Pazgier, Jiankang Liu, Jun Yu, Philippe J Sansonetti, Charles L Bevins, Yongping Shao, Wuyuan Lu
Shigella is a Gram-negative bacterium that causes bacillary dysentery worldwide. It invades the intestinal epithelium to elicit intense inflammation and tissue damage, yet the underlying mechanisms of its host selectivity and low infectious inoculum remain perplexing. Here, we report that Shigella co-opts human α-defensin 5 (HD5), a host defense peptide important for intestinal homeostasis and innate immunity, to enhance its adhesion to and invasion of mucosal tissues. HD5 promoted Shigella infection in vitro in a structure-dependent manner...
May 22, 2018: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790845/guidelines-for-the-treatment-of-dysentery-shigellosis-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#4
Phoebe C M Williams, James A Berkley
BACKGROUND: Shigella remains the primary cause of diarrhoea in paediatric patients worldwide and accounts for up to 40,000 deaths per year. Current guidelines for the treatment of shigellosis are based on data which are over a decade old. In an era of increasing antimicrobial resistance, an updated review of the appropriate empirical therapy for shigellosis in children is necessary, taking into account susceptibility patterns, cost and the risk of adverse events. METHODS: A systematic review of the current published literature on the treatment of shigella dysentery was undertaken in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)...
November 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790843/empirical-antibiotic-treatment-for-children-suffering-from-dysentery-cholera-pneumonia-sepsis-or-severe-acute-malnutrition
#5
Per Ashorn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743001/emergence-of-quinolone-resistant-shigella-flexneri-in-italy-march-2017
#6
Marta Zatta, Stefano Di Bella, Marina Busetti, Valeria Michelacci, Slawomir Owczarek, Ida Luzzi, Roberto Luzzati
In March 2017, a 45-year-old Italian man who has sex with men was admitted to the Infectious Diseases Department of Trieste Hospital (northeast Italy), because of fever, abdominal pain and dysentery. The patient had neither foreign travel history nor sexual contact with non-Italian partners. Stool cultures grew multidrug-resistant Shigella flexneri (resistant to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, streptomycin, tetracycline, trimethoprim, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid and ciprofloxacin) and whole genome sequencing detailed the resistance features...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737935/amoebic-colitis-presenting-with-hypo-albuminaemia-in-an-eight-month-old-breastfed-girl
#7
Asuman Nur Karhan, Ersin Gümüş, Hülya Demir, İnci Nur Saltik Temizel, Aysel Yüce, Hasan Özen
Entamoeba histolytica is a protozoan parasite that affects a large proportion of the world's population and causes amoebic dysentery and extra-intestinal disease. Many individuals remain asymptomatic during colonisation; in 10% of individuals, the parasite breaks through the mucosal barrier and leads to invasive disease. An eight-month-old girl who was evaluated for hypo-albuminaemia and was diagnosed with amoebic colitis is reported. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of hypo-albuminaemia owing to amoebic colitis in any age group...
May 8, 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727864/preventive-effects-of-an-uplc-dad-ms-ms-fingerprinted-hydroalcoholic-extract-of-citrus-aurantium-in-a-mouse-model-of-ulcerative-colitis
#8
Youn-Hwan Hwang, Jin Yeul Ma
Although traditionally used to improve indigestion, diarrhea, dysentery, and constipation, the therapeutic effects of Citrus aurantium on intestinal inflammation remain unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the beneficial effects and to identify the active components of a hydroalcoholic extract of C. aurantium (HECA) on ulcerative colitis. HECA was prepared with 70% ethanol solution in water and extracted at 37 °C for 12 h in triplicate, filtered through a sieve, and lyophilized. Phytochemical identification of HECA was performed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-DAD-MS/MS)...
May 4, 2018: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709412/phytochemical-profile-and-pharmacological-activity-of-aegle-marmelos-linn
#9
REVIEW
Bikash Manandhar, Keshav Raj Paudel, Biraj Sharma, Rajendra Karki
Aegle marmelos Linn. (Rutaceae), commonly known as "bael" in Nepal and India, is a valuable medicinal plant and is considered sacred by the Hindus. It is used to cure several diseases in the Indian traditional medicine system of Ayurveda and has had similar uses among many ethnic communities residing in Indian subcontinent for over 5000 years. Its leaves, bark, stem, fruits and seeds have been used for various medicinal purposes. Bael fruits are especially effective in the treatment of chronic diarrhea, dysentery and peptic ulcers, while they are also useful as a laxative and cure for respiratory infections...
May 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703611/-amoebosis-may-sexual-transmission-be-an-underestimated-way-of-contamination
#10
B Lohberger Timsit, A Deroux, M Lugosi, B Colombe, L Bouillet
INTRODUCTION: Amoebiasis is a cosmopolitan disease and the third most deadly of parasitic diseases. Entamoeba histolytica is the only one to be pathogenic. Its transmission is not only related to the faecal peril but also sexual, with cases described among men who have sex with men. A case of unusual sexual transmission is described in this article, aiming to discuss the impact of these ways of transmitting amoebiasis on patient management. CASE REPORT: We describe the case of an amebic liver abscess in a 27-years-old man who did not travel in endemic areas...
April 24, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692577/antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-of-shigella-isolates-in-a-tertiary-healthcare-center
#11
Anitha Madhavan, Sobha Balakrishnan, Jayalakshmi Vasudevapanicker
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Shigellosis is one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality in children in developing countries. To the best of our knowledge, there is no published data in the study area on the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern and prevalence of Shigella species among diarrheagenic cases. Therefore, a retrospective analysis was done to find the Shigella serotypes, common age group affected, and antimicrobial resistance pattern of Shigella isolates in South Kerala...
April 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643891/assessment-of-freshwater-springs-associated-diseases-and-indigenous-perception-in-ghizer-gilgit-baltistan-pakistan
#12
Shaukat Ali, Rubina, Sadiq Hussain
Objective: To assess the quality of freshwater aquifers (springs) associated diseases, and indigenous perception in Ghizer, Gilgit-Baltistan. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at the department of environmental science, Karakoram International University Gilgit after approval from departmental research committee. In order to get the most accurate results, 18 water samples in triplicates were collected according to our lab own set of sampling standard operating procedures (SOPs) using pre-sterilized bottles of 100 ml from June 2016 to August 2016 along with associated diseases record and structured interviews from indigenous population...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619442/comparison-of-multiplex-single-round-pcr-and-microscopy-in-diagnosis-of-amoebiasis
#13
Sri-Hidajati Bs, Sukmawati Basuki, Suhintam Pusarawati, Kusmartisnawati, Lynda Rossyanti, Sri Wijayanti Sulistyowati, Dwi Peni Kartikasari, Heny Arwati, Indah Tantular, Alpha Fardah, Andy Darma, Retno Handajani, Subijanto Marto Soedarmo
Background: Amoebiasis, the cause of dysentery and extra-intestinal abscesses, now becomes second fatal parasitic disease in the world. As routine microscopic diagnosis cannot differentiate causative Entamoeba histolytica from non-pathogenic E. dispar and E. moshkovskii , better diagnosis has to be searched. Materials and Methods: Multiplex single round PCR was tested and compared with results of microscopy of wet preparation on 30 samples of diarrheic stools and extra intestinal lesions from amoebiasis suspected patients...
2018: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615046/phytochemical-composition-antilipidemic-and-antihypercholestrolemic-perspectives-of-bael-leaf-extracts
#14
Nosheen Asghar, Zarina Mushtaq, Muhammad Umair Arshad, Muhammad Imran, Rabia Shabir Ahmad, Syed Makhdoom Hussain
BACKGROUND: In recent times, focus on plant research has improved all over the world and essential parts of plants provide bioactive compounds in human diet. The bael (Aegle marmelos) has enormous traditional uses in the treatment of chronic diarrhea, dysentery, peptic ulcers and as a laxative. The main focus of this study was characterization of bael leaf extract for its bioactive constituents, antihypercholestrolemic and antilipidemic perspectives. METHODS: After proximate composition of bael powder, the aqueous extract of bael leaf was used for phytochemical profiling (alkaloids, total phenolic content and total flavonoid content)...
April 3, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609253/-study-on-early-warning-threshold-values-for-7-common-communicable-diseases-in-gansu-province-2016
#15
Y Cheng, X F Liu, L Meng, X T Yang, D P Liu, K F Wei, X J Jiang, H X Liu, Y H Zheng
Objective: To optimize the warning threshold values of common communicable diseases in Gansu province, and improve the early warning effect. Method: An early warning model was set up for influenza, scarlet fever, other infectious diarrheal diseases, dysentery, typhoid and paratyphoid, viral hepatitis type E and hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) respectively in Gansu by using the moving percentile method and cumulative sum method. By calculating the sensitivity, specificity, predictive value of positive test, predictive value of negative test, Youden' index and receiver-operating characteristic curve, the optimum early warning threshold values for communicable diseases in Gansu were selected...
March 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590642/use-of-zebrafish-to-study-shigella-infection
#16
REVIEW
Gina M Duggan, Serge Mostowy
Shigella is a leading cause of dysentery worldwide, responsible for up to 165 million cases of shigellosis each year. Shigella is also recognised as an exceptional model pathogen to study key issues in cell biology and innate immunity. Several infection models have been useful to explore Shigella biology; however, we still lack information regarding the events taking place during the Shigella infection process in vivo Here, we discuss a selection of mechanistic insights recently gained from studying Shigella infection of zebrafish ( Danio rerio ), with a focus on cytoskeleton rearrangements and cellular immunity...
February 26, 2018: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576056/brazilin-and-caesalpinia-sappan-l-extract-protect-epidermal-keratinocytes-from-oxidative-stress-by-inducing-the-expression-of-gpx7
#17
Hyung Seo Hwang, Joong Hyun Shim
Caesalpinia sappan L., belonging to the family Leguminosae, is a medicinal plant that is distributed in Southeast Asia. The dried heartwood of this plant is used as a traditional ingredient of food, red dyes, and folk medicines in the treatment of diarrhea, dysentery, tuberculosis, skin infections, and inflammation. Brazilin is the major active compound, which has exhibited various pharmacological effects, including anti-platelet activity, anti-hepatotoxicity, induction of immunological tolerance, and anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities...
March 2018: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573297/a-simple-and-fast-quantitative-analysis-of-quinolizidine-alkaloids-and-their-biosynthetic-precursor-lysine-in-sophora-alopecuroides-by-hydrophilic-interaction-chromatography-coupled-with-triple-quadrupole-tandem-mass-spectroscopy
#18
Hanqing Wang, Dong Xiao, Wei Li, Xia Zhang, Xiaojuan Gao, Jingjiao Yong, Jianjun Zhao, Kazuo Koike
INTRODUCTION: Different parts of Sophora alopecuroides L. (Fabaceae) have historically been used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of dysentery and enteritis. This plant is also utilised as an important resource for industrial preparation of quinolizidine alkaloidal pharmaceuticals. OBJECTIVE: Establish a reliable, simple and fast analytical method for the quantitative determination of the quinolizidine-type alkaloids and extend understanding of the metabolism of quinolizidine-type alkaloids in S...
March 24, 2018: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566718/effect-of-a-live-attenuated-vaccine-against-lawsonia-intracellularis-in-weaned-and-finishing-pig-settings-in-finland
#19
Kati Susanna Peiponen, Birger Taneli Tirkkonen, Jouni Juho Tapio Junnila, Mari Leena Heinonen
BACKGROUND: The intracellular bacterium Lawsonia intracellularis is an important pathogen in modern swine production. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a live attenuated L. intracellularis vaccine (Enterisol Ileitis® ) on the health and production parameters of weaned and finishing pigs in a commercial Finnish 850-sow farm with diagnosed L. intracellularis infection. The herd was free from enzootic pneumonia, swine dysentery, progressive atrophic rhinitis, sarcoptic mange and salmonellosis...
March 23, 2018: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556280/induction-of-apoptosis-in-human-cervical-carcinoma-hela-cells-by-active-compounds-from-hypericum-ascyron-l
#20
Xiu-Mei Li, Xue-Gang Luo, Jun-Fang He, Nan Wang, Hao Zhou, Pei-Long Yang, Tong-Cun Zhang
Hypericum ascyron L. (Great St. Johnswort), which belongs to the Hypericaceae family, has been used for the treatment of hematemesis, metrorrhagia, rheumatism, swelling, stomach ache, abscesses, dysentery and irregular menstruation for >2,000 years in China. The aim of the present study was to clarify the anticancer activity compounds from H. ascyron L. and the underlying molecular mechanism. Anticancer activity of H. ascyron L. extract was evaluated using an MTT assay. To confirm the anticancer mechanism of activity compounds, Hoechst 33258, Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide, 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate, rhodamine 123 staining and caspase-3 activity analysis were performed...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
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