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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688638/-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-accessibility-and-availability-of-services-in-israel
#1
Asher Ornoy, Dori Rivkin, Lital Barlev
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among children ranges from 8% -12% and is more common in males. Most ADHD children suffer from related disorders such as learning disabilities and behavioral problems. Treatment with stimulants improves the learning and social abilities of most children and the addition of non-pharmaceutical treatments induces further improvement. OBJECTIVES: Our previous study, four years ago, screened 1,129 1st and 2nd grade children in Jerusalem and identified 105 with high risk for ADHD...
April 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688186/-comparative-drawing-analysis-in-the-process-of-integrative-play-diagnostics-and-therapy
#2
Bernadett Eigner
I deal with children struggling with emotional and behavioral disorders, applying my own method, the Integrative Play Diagnostics and Play Therapy (IJDP - English: IPDT) while also cooperating with parents. During my Play Therapy work, I have worked with a mother who turned to me because of her child's behavioral problems. In the examination phase of our session, I have asked both mother and child to draw several pictures. From these drawings, I analyzed the human figure, mother-child, and bird nest themes, with a focus on behavior in order to understand their motives and dynamics of the spiritual processes, and to be able to plan the therapy and organize consultations with the parents...
2018: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687457/a-randomized-waitlist-controlled-trial-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-to-improve-emotion-regulation-in-children-with-autism
#3
Jonathan A Weiss, Kendra Thomson, Priscilla Burnham Riosa, Carly Albaum, Victoria Chan, Andrea Maughan, Paula Tablon, Karen Black
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are common among individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and difficulties with emotion regulation processes may underlie these issues. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is considered an efficacious treatment for anxiety in children with ASD. Additional research is needed to examine the efficacy of a transdiagnostic treatment approach, whereby the same treatment can be applied to multiple emotional problems, beyond solely anxiety. The purpose of the present study was to examine the efficacy of a manualized and individually delivered 10-session, transdiagnostic CBT intervention, aimed at improving emotion regulation and mental health difficulties in children with ASD...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685768/accelerated-long-term-forgetting-and-behavioural-difficulties-in-children-with-epilepsy
#4
Michael B Gascoigne, Mary Lou Smith, Belinda Barton, Richard Webster, Deepak Gill, Suncica Lah
Patients with epilepsy have been shown to exhibit a range of memory deficits, including the rapid forgetting of newly-learned material over long, but not short, delays (termed accelerated long-term forgetting; ALF). Behavioural problems, such as mood disorders and social difficulties, are also overrepresented among children with epilepsy, when compared to patients with other chronic diseases and the general population. We investigated whether ALF was associated with behavioural or psychosocial deficits in children with epilepsy...
March 30, 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683076/lifetime-victimization-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd
#5
Jorge Aguado-Gracia, Pilar Mundo-Cid, Fernando Lopez-Seco, Silvia Acosta-García, María José Cortes-Ruiz, Elisabet Vilella, Adela Masana-Marín
The objective of this study is to describe the frequency and type of victimization in a Spanish child and adolescent clinical ADHD sample and to analyze the association between the types of victimization and the severity of the symptoms. The sample is composed of 106 outpatients in treatment for ADHD, according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV) criteria. Symptom severity was measured by the Conners-3 scales. ADHD and comorbid diagnostics were evaluated with the Mini-Kid interview...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681251/behavior-problems-in-sexually-abused-preschoolers-over-a-1-year-period-the-mediating-role-of-attachment-representations
#6
Florence Charest, Martine Hébert, Annie Bernier, Rachel Langevin, Raphaële Miljkovitch
According to the developmental psychopathology framework, adverse childhood experiences, including child sexual abuse (CSA), may alter the course of normal development in children. Attachment security has been identified as a protective factor against psychopathology and may thus play a critical role in predicting victims' adaptation. The main objective of the present study was to investigate the mediating effect of attachment representations in the relation between CSA and behavior problems over a 1-year period...
April 23, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681226/traumatic-brain-injury-related-symptoms-reported-by-parents-clinical-imaging-and-host-predictors-in-children-with-impairments-in-consciousness-24-hours
#7
Emily A Evans, David Asuzu, Nathan Cook, Paul Caruso, Elise Townsend, Beth Costine-Bartell, Carla Fortes-Monteiro, Gillian Hotz, Ann-Christine Duhaime
This study examined the relationship between acute neuroimaging, host and injury factors and parent-reported traumatic brain injury-related symptoms in children with non-critical head injury at 2 weeks and 3 months after injury. Data were collected prospectively on 45 subjects aged 3-16 years old enrolled in the Transforming Research and Clinical Knowledge in Traumatic Brain Injury (TRACK-TBI) study. Subjects had rapid recovery of mental status (Glasgow Coma Score(GCS)=15 within 24 hours), and had no clinical need for neurosurgical intervention...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680430/association-of-sleep-habits-with-behavior-problems-and-resilience-of-6-to-7-year-old-children-results-from-the-a-child-study
#8
Satomi Doi, Takeo Fujiwara, Manami Ochi, Aya Isumi, Tsuguhiko Kato
BACKGROUND: Childhood sleep habits are associated with mental health development; however, little is known about the impact of irregular bedtimes on the mental health of early school-aged children. The aims of this study were to examine the effect of weekday sleep habits (varying bedtimes depending on the night of the week and later than 22:00 h bedtime) on behavior problems, prosocial behavior, and resilience of children aged 6-7 years. METHODS: Data were taken from the Adachi Child Health Impact of Living Difficulty (A-CHILD) study, which involved the participation of 4291 caregivers of first-grade children (6-7 years old) living in Adachi City, Tokyo...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679193/etiology-of-stability-and-growth-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-across-childhood-and-adolescence
#9
Alexander S Hatoum, Soo Hyun Rhee, Robin P Corley, John K Hewitt, Naomi P Friedman
Internalizing and externalizing behaviors are heritable, and show genetic stability during childhood and adolescence. Less work has explored how genes influence individual differences in developmental trajectories. We estimated ACE biometrical latent growth curve models for the Teacher Report Form (TRF) and parent Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) internalizing and externalizing scales from ages 7 to 16 years in 408 twin pairs from the Colorado Longitudinal Twin Study. We found that Intercept factors were highly heritable for both internalizing and externalizing behaviors (a2 = ...
April 20, 2018: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674988/a-virtual-object-location-task-for-children-gender-and-videogame-experience-influence-navigation-age-impacts-memory-and-completion-time
#10
David Rodriguez-Andres, Magdalena Mendez-Lopez, M-Carmen Juan, Elena Perez-Hernandez
The use of virtual reality-based tasks for studying memory has increased considerably. Most of the studies that have looked at child population factors that influence performance on such tasks have been focused on cognitive variables. However, little attention has been paid to the impact of non-cognitive skills. In the present paper, we tested 52 typically-developing children aged 5-12 years in a virtual object-location task. The task assessed their spatial short-term memory for the location of three objects in a virtual city...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674313/key-lessons-and-impact-of-the-growing-healthy-mhealth-program-on-milk-feeding-timing-of-introduction-of-solids-and-infant-growth-quasi-experimental-study
#11
Rachel A Laws, Elizabeth A Denney-Wilson, Sarah Taki, Catherine G Russell, Miaobing Zheng, Eloise-Kate Litterbach, Kok-Leong Ong, Sharyn J Lymer, Rosalind Elliott, Karen J Campbell
BACKGROUND: The first year of life is an important window to initiate healthy infant feeding practices to promote healthy growth. Interventions delivered by mobile phone (mHealth) provide a novel approach for reaching parents; however, little is known about the effectiveness of mHealth for child obesity prevention. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of an mHealth obesity prevention intervention in terms of reach, acceptability, and impact on key infant feeding outcomes...
April 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674310/the-interactive-child-distress-screener-development-and-preliminary-feasibility-testing
#12
Sonja March, Jamin Day, Kirsty Zieschank, Michael Ireland
BACKGROUND: Early identification of child emotional and behavioral concerns is essential for the prevention of mental health problems; however, few suitable child-reported screening measures are available. Digital tools offer an exciting opportunity for obtaining clinical information from the child's perspective. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the initial development and pilot testing of the Interactive Child Distress Screener (ICDS). The ICDS is a Web-based screening instrument for the early identification of emotional and behavioral problems in children aged between 5 and 12 years...
April 19, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673560/using-biological-factors-to-individualize-interventions-for-youth-with-conduct-problems-current-state-and-ethical-issues
#13
Andrea L Glenn
A growing body of evidence suggests that biological factors such as genes, hormone levels, brain structure, and brain functioning influence the development and trajectory of conduct problems in youth. In addition, biological factors affect how individuals respond to the environment, including how individuals respond to programs designed to prevent or treat conduct problems. Programs designed to reduce behavior problems in youth would have the greatest impact if they were targeted toward youth who need it the most (e...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671820/irritability-is-common-and-is-related-to-poorer-psychosocial-outcomes-in-youth-with-functional-abdominal-pain-disorders-fapd
#14
Sarah Nelson, Erin Moorman, Michael Farrell, Natoshia Cunningham
Functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPD) are associated with increased emotional problems which, in turn, exacerbate functional impairment. However, irritability, which relates both to internalizing and externalizing problems, has not been specifically examined in these youths. Irritability may be common and adversely impact functioning in pediatric FAPD, particularly for males who are more likely to experience such symptoms. The current study examined the relationship between irritability and psychosocial and pain-related impairment in youth with FAPD...
April 19, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671633/behavioral-problems-and-psychosocial-strengths-unique-factors-contributing-to-the-behavioral-profile-of-youth-with-down-syndrome
#15
Lisa M Dieleman, Sarah S W De Pauw, Bart Soenens, Geert Van Hove, Peter Prinzie
This study aimed to describe problem behaviors and psychosocial strengths, examine the problem-strength interrelations, and evaluate profiles of problems and strengths in youth with Down syndrome (DS). The community-based sample consisted of 67 parents of children with DS aged between 4 and 19 years. Parents reported about the developmental age (Vineland screener), behavioral problems (Child Behavior Checklist), and psychosocial strengths (Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale) of their child. Results indicate that attention, social, and thought problems were most prevalent, whereas family involvement and receiving/expressing affection were identified as strengths...
May 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667699/lean-perspectives-a-case-for-implementing-parent-child-relational-problem-screening
#16
Bryson C Okeoma
The purpose of the current study was to make a case for instituting parent-child relational problem (PCRP) screening as a standard of care in pediatric inpatient psychiatric units due to increasing evidence that PCRP may be an underreported problem that affects more adolescents than currently realized. Adolescents who are admitted to the hospital for mood exacerbation, suicidal ideation, self-harm behavior, or behavioral escalation may improve and be discharged. However, these adolescents often are readmitted, which may be associated with parent-child relational factors...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663072/early-adolescent-outcomes-of-joint-developmental-trajectories-of-problem-behavior-and-iq-in-childhood
#17
Eirini Flouri, Efstathios Papachristou, Emily Midouhas, Heather Joshi, George B Ploubidis, Glyn Lewis
General cognitive ability (IQ) and problem behavior (externalizing and internalizing problems) are variable and inter-related in children. However, it is unknown how they co-develop in the general child population and how their patterns of co-development may be related to later outcomes. We carried out this study to explore this. Using data from 16,844 Millennium Cohort Study children, we fitted three-parallel-process growth mixture models to identify joint developmental trajectories of internalizing, externalizing and IQ scores at ages 3-11 years...
April 16, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658739/child-inhibitory-control-and-maternal-acculturation-moderate-effects-of-maternal-parenting-on-chinese-american-children-s-adjustment
#18
Jing Yu, Charissa S L Cheah, Craig H Hart, Chongming Yang
The goals of this study were to examine: (a) bidirectional associations between maternal parenting (physical punishment and guilt induction) and Chinese American preschool children's psychosocial adjustment and (b) the role of maternal cultural orientation and child temperament in moderating parenting effects. Participants were Chinese American mothers and children (N = 163, Mage = 4.56, 53% boys). Mothers reported on their parenting practices at both Wave 1 (W1) and Wave 2 (W2) and their cultural orientations and children's inhibitory control at W1...
April 16, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658499/-the-impact-of-abuse-and-neglect-in-childhood-on-the-development-of-substance-use-disorders
#19
E A Katan
The review of literature over the last decade addresses the impact of childhood abuse and neglect on the further development of addictions and mental disorders. The results of the studies have been analyzed in the aspect of abuse, age and gender characteristics in childhood and variants of consequences: from neurodevelopment to behavioral disorders. Childhood abuse and neglect is associated with the higher risk of posttraumatic stress disorder, suicidal behavior and some psychiatric diseases. Attention is focused on the fact that adults with substance use disorders (SUDs) report higher rates of child abuse than adults without SUDs...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651505/the-role-of-psychiatric-status-on-pediatric-extremity-fractures-a-prospective-analysis
#20
Altuğ Duramaz, Semra Yilmaz, Nezih Ziroğlu, Burcu Bursal Duramaz, Berhan Bayram, Tayfun Kara
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety, and depression with pediatric extremity fractures. METHODS: Between November 2014 and November 2016, consecutive 138 patients with pediatric extremity fractures were prospectively investigated in terms of the tendency to anxiety, depression, or ADHD in the study group. Consecutive 168 non-trauma patients who were admitted to general pediatrics outpatient clinic were included the control group...
April 12, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
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