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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221782/sleep-problems-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and%C3%A2-intellectual-disability-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Sezen Köse, Helin Yılmaz, F Tuna Ocakoğlu, N Burcu Özbaran
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the sleep problems and their correlations in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), intellectual disability without ASD (ID), and typically developing children (TDC). METHODS: This study included 142 children (48 with ASD, 46 with ID, 48 with TDC) aged between 2 and 18 years old. Parents of the children completed the Childhood Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) in order to evaluate sleep disturbances. The sociodemographic and clinical information were noted on a data form for each child...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220528/maternal-thyroid-function-in-early-pregnancy-and-neuropsychological-performance-of-the-child-at-5-years-of-age
#2
Stine Linding Andersen, Stig Andersen, Zeyan Liew, Peter Vestergaard, Jørn Olsen
Context: Abnormal maternal thyroid function in pregnancy may impair fetal brain development, but more evidence is needed to refine and corroborate the hypothesis. Objective: To estimate the association between maternal thyroid function in early pregnancy and neuropsychological performance of the child at 5 years of age. Design: Follow-up study. Participants: A cohort of 1,153 women and their children sampled from the Danish National Birth Cohort...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214139/the-effects-of-advance-notice-on-problem-behavior-occasioned-by-interruptions-of-an-ongoing-activity-in-a-young-girl-with-autism
#3
Stephanie Vasquez, Adam Brewer, Yanerys Leon, Janet Vasquez
The current study describes a trial-based functional analysis of problem behavior conducted in a home setting for a 7-year-old girl with autism. Problem behavior was occasioned by interruptions to an ongoing activity. Advance notice, in the form of a 2-min warning, and the sound of a timer were used to signal termination of a current activity and were effective at reducing problem behavior along with increasing compliance to the interruptive demands. A trial-based functional analysis, which are not common in the applied literature, was conducted in a home setting for young girl with autism, using antecedent and consequence modifications described by Hagopian, Bruzek, Bowman, and Jennett (2007), identified the variables that occasioned and maintained problem behavior were interruptions to an ongoing activity followed by regaining uninterrupted access to the previous activity...
December 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210471/child-maltreatment-problem-behaviors-and-neighborhood-attainment
#4
Preeti Chauhan, Amie M Schuck, Cathy Spatz Widom
Using data from a prospective cohort design study of a group of children with documented histories of abuse and neglect (n = 908) and matched controls (n = 667), this paper examines whether problem behaviors (e.g., prostitution, crime, school problems, and homelessness) in young adulthood explain the link between maltreatment in childhood and living in high-risk neighborhoods in middle adulthood. Problem behaviors were assessed at mean age of 29 and neighborhood characteristics were assessed at mean age of 40...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204659/bidirectional-associations-between-child-sleep-problems-and-internalizing-and-externalizing-difficulties-from-preschool-to-early-adolescence
#5
Jon L Quach, Cattram D Nguyen, Kate E Williams, Emma Sciberras
Importance: Although multiple cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have established that sleep problems and behavioral difficulties are associated in children, the directionality of this association and whether sleep problems are differentially associated with different types of childhood behavioral difficulties are unclear. Understanding these associations will inform the focus and timing of interventions. Objective: To determine whether longitudinal and reciprocal associations exist between child sleep problems and externalizing, internalizing, or both behavioral difficulties...
December 4, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204024/behavioral-problems-and-intelligence-quotient-changes-in-pediatric-epilepsy-a-case-control-study
#6
Shyama Choudhary, N Niranjan, Satyendra Khichar, Pramod K Berwal, Abhijeet Singh Barath
Background: Epilepsy is the most common chronic neurological disease and has neurological impairment as an important comorbidity. Objective: To find behavioral problems and intelligence quotient (IQ) changes associated with epilepsy and to know the association of variables such as frequency, type of seizures, and duration of disease with cognitive impairment. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study, consisting of 50 cases (patients of epilepsy) and 50 controls (other patients of same socioeconomic status) was conducted at S...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202867/testing-the-4rs-and-2ss-multiple-family-group-intervention-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Mary Acri, Emily Hamovitch, Maria Mini, Elene Garay, Claire Connolly, Mary McKay
BACKGROUND: Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a major mental health concern and highly prevalent among children living in poverty-impacted communities. Despite that treatments for ODD are among the most effective, few children living in poverty receive these services due to substantial barriers to access, as well as difficulties in the uptake and sustained adoption of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in community settings. The purpose of this study is to examine implementation processes that impact uptake of an evidence-based practice for childhood ODD, and the impact of a Clinic Implementation Team (CIT)-driven structured adaptation to enhance its fit within the public mental health clinic setting...
December 4, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202779/correlates-of-poor-mental-health-in-early-pregnancy-in-obese-european-women
#8
Matteo C Sattler, Judith G M Jelsma, Annick Bogaerts, David Simmons, Gernot Desoye, Rosa Corcoy, Juan M Adelantado, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Jürgen Harreiter, Frans A van Assche, Roland Devlieger, Goele Jans, Sander Galjaard, David Hill, Peter Damm, Elisabeth R Mathiesen, Ewa Wender-Ozegowska, Agnieszka Zawiejska, Kinga Blumska, Annunziata Lapolla, Maria G Dalfrà, Alessandra Bertolotto, Fidelma Dunne, Dorte M Jensen, Lise Lotte T Andersen, Frank J Snoek, Mireille N M van Poppel
BACKGROUND: Depression during pregnancy is associated with higher maternal morbidity and mortality, and subsequent possible adverse effects on the cognitive, emotional and behavioral development of the child. The aim of the study was to identify maternal characteristics associated with poor mental health, in a group of overweight/obese pregnant women in nine European countries, and thus, to contribute to better recognition and intervention for maternal depression. METHODS: In this cross-sectional observational study, baseline data from early pregnancy (< 20 weeks) of the DALI (Vitamin D and Lifestyle Intervention for gestational diabetes mellitus prevention) study were analyzed...
December 4, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199840/an-examination-of-sex-differences-on-neurocognitive-functioning-and-behavior-problems-in-maltreated-youth
#9
Kate B Nooner, Stephen R Hooper, Michael D De Bellis
OBJECTIVE: In the developmental traumatology model, the biological construct of sex is considered a moderator that may negatively influence child maltreatment sequelae including those pertaining to neurocognitive function. METHOD: This study examined sex-differences in neurocognitive function and behavior problems in maltreated boys (n = 42), maltreated girls (n = 56) versus nonmaltreated boys (n = 45) and girls (n = 59). Maltreated boys were hypothesized to have poorer neurocognitive functioning than maltreated girls, and nonmaltreated boys and girls, in all neurocognitive domains, particularly pertaining to executive function and attention...
December 4, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197708/mother-infant-separation-among-mothers-with-mental-illness-an-exploratory-observational-study-in-japan
#10
Akiko Konishi, Ryuhei So, Bunta Yoshimura
Mother-infant separation may influence child development and behavior problems. We reviewed charts for 3639 female patients to investigate rates, reasons, and predictors for mothers with mental illness being separated from their infants during the first year after childbirth in Japan. Of 77 patients with childbirth, 26 cases (34%) presented with maternal separation. The most common reason was psychiatric hospitalization. Diagnoses of schizophrenia spectrum disorders or mood disorders were independent contributors for maternal separation...
November 28, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197238/food-insecurity-and-child-behavior-problems-in-fragile-families
#11
Christian King
Food insecurity remains a persistent problem in the United States. Several studies have shown that food insecurity is associated with child externalizing and internalizing behavior problems. However, some potential methodological limitations remain. For example, most studies use a household measure of food insecurity while there is evidence that children, especially younger ones, tend to be shielded by their parents from experiencing food insecurity. In addition, the mechanisms through which food insecurity affects children are not well understood...
November 21, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195088/early-inhibitory-control-and-working-memory-abilities-of-children-prenatally-exposed-to-methadone
#12
Terri A Levine, Lianne J Woodward
BACKGROUND: Methadone maintenance is the most common method of treating opioid-dependent pregnant women. However, little is known about the impact of prenatal methadone exposure on child neurocognitive development. AIMS: To examine the early executive functioning of children born to methadone-maintained mothers, and to assess relations between executive functioning and later emotional and behavioral adjustment. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study...
November 28, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188762/developmental-trajectories-of-child-sexual-behaviors-on-the-path-of-sexual-behavioral-problems-evidence-from-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#13
Patrick Lussier, Evan McCuish, Jeff Mathesius, Raymond Corrado, Danielle Nadeau
There is little information about the onset and the developmental course of child sexual behavior problems (SBPs), including sexually intrusive behaviors (SIBs). Using data from the Vancouver Longitudinal Study on the Psychosocial Development of Children, the current study examined the presence of distinct patterns of sexual development among children. A normative sample of preschoolers ( N = 354) with a small clinical subsample were followed from age 3 to 8 with repetitive measurements of sexual behaviors using a revised version of Child Sexual Behavior Inventory...
February 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181088/improving-detection-of-mental-health-problems-in-community-settings-in-nepal-development-and-pilot-testing-of-the-community-informant-detection-tool
#14
Prasansa Subba, Nagendra P Luitel, Brandon A Kohrt, Mark J D Jordans
Background: Despite increasing efforts to expand availability of mental health services throughout the world, there continues to be limited utilization of these services by persons with mental illness and their families. Community-based detection that facilitates identification and referral of people with mental health problems has been advocated as an effective strategy to increase help-seeking and service utilization. The Community Informant Detection Tool (CIDT) was developed for the community informants to identify people with depression, psychosis, alcohol use problems, epilepsy, and child behavioral problems in community settings...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180462/global-human-trafficking-and-child-victimization
#15
Jordan Greenbaum, Nia Bodrick
Trafficking of children for labor and sexual exploitation violates basic human rights and constitutes a major global public health problem. Pediatricians and other health care professionals may encounter victims who present with infections, injuries, posttraumatic stress disorder, suicidality, or a variety of other physical or behavioral health conditions. Preventing child trafficking, recognizing victimization, and intervening appropriately require a public health approach that incorporates rigorous research on the risk factors, health impact, and effective treatment options for child exploitation as well as implementation and evaluation of primary prevention programs...
November 27, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179758/developmental-performance-of-hospitalized-severely-acutely-malnourished-under-six-children-in-low-income-setting
#16
Teklu Gemechu Abessa, Liesbeth Bruckers, Patrick Kolsteren, Marita Granitzer
BACKGROUND: Retrospective studies show that severe acute malnutrition (SAM) affects child development. However, to what extent SAM affects children of different ages at its acute stage is not well documented. This study was aimed at comparing the developmental performance of severely acutely malnourished children under six with that of age and gender-matched non-malnourished healthy children. METHODS: The developmental performances of 310 children with SAM (male = 155, female = 155); mean age = 30...
November 28, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179103/factors-associated-with-behavioral-problems-and-cognitive-impairment-in-children-with-epilepsy-of-kinshasa-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#17
Thierry Matonda-Ma-Nzuzi, Samuel Mampunza Ma Miezi, Magloire Nkosi Mpembi, Diane Muanza Mvumbi, Michel Ntentani Aloni, Fanny Malendakana, Davin Mpaka Mbeya, Gilbert Mananga Lelo, Dominique Charlier-Mikolajczak
BACKGROUND: Behavioral problems and cognitive impairment are common in children with epilepsy (CWE). In sub-Saharan Africa, little is known about these comorbidities particularly their relationships with socioeconomic features. The goal of this study was to identify clinical and socioeconomic factors associated with behavioral problems and cognitive impairment in CWE of Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of the Congo). METHODS: This cross-sectional hospital-based study had included 104 CWE aged 6 to 17years...
November 24, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177721/is-the-positive-bias-an-adhd-phenomenon-reexamining-the-positive-bias-and-its-correlates-in-a-heterogeneous-sample-of-children
#18
Elizaveta Bourchtein, Julie S Owens, Anne E Dawson, Steven W Evans, Joshua M Langberg, Kate Flory, Elizabeth P Lorch
The goals of this study were to (a) evaluate the presence of the positive bias (PB) in elementary-school-aged children with and without ADHD when PB is defined at the individual level through latent profile analysis and (b) examine the extent to which several correlates (i.e., social functioning, aggression, depression, and anxiety) are associated with the PB. Participants were 233 youth (30% female; 8 to 10 years of age), 51% of whom met criteria for ADHD. During an individual evaluation, children and parents completed a battery of questionnaires to assess child competence, depression, anxiety, and aggression...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177005/altered-pre-ejection-period-response-to-social-evaluative-threat-in-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
E Kale Edmiston, Rachael A Muscatello, Blythe A Corbett
Introduction: The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is involved in regulating social behavior; Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized by alterations in social behavior and reduced physiological response to threat. We hypothesized that adolescents with ASD would show reduced ANS response to social threat. Methods: Eighteen males with ASD and thirteen males with typical development (TD), ages 12 to 17, completed a social threat paradigm while wearing an impedance cardiography apparatus...
April 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173737/targeted-family-intervention-for-complex-cases-of-pediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Tara S Peris, Michelle S Rozenman, Catherine A Sugar, James T McCracken, John Piacentini
OBJECTIVE: Although evidence-based treatments for pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) exist, many youth fail to respond, and interventions tailored to the needs of specific subsets of patients are lacking. This study examines the efficacy of a family intervention module designed for cases of OCD complicated by poor family functioning. METHOD: Participants were 62 youngsters aged 8 to 17 years (mean age = 12.71 years; 57% male; 65% white) with a primary diagnosis of OCD and at least 2 indicators of poor family functioning...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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