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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044718/child-and-family-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-applications-for-suicide-prevention
#1
Sally M Weinstein, Rick A Cruz, Ashley R Isaia, Amy T Peters, Amy E West
Despite high rates of suicide ideation (SI) and behavior in youth with pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD), little work has examined how psychosocial interventions impact suicidality among this high-risk group. The current study examined SI outcomes in a randomized clinical trial comparing Child- and Family-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CFF-CBT) for PBD versus psychotherapy treatment-as-usual (TAU). Although not designed for suicide prevention, CFF-CBT addresses child and family factors related to suicide risk and thus was hypothesized to generalize to the treatment of suicidality...
October 16, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043246/follow-up-of-mothers-with-suspected-postpartum-depression-from-pediatrics-clinics
#2
Nerissa S Bauer, Susan Ofner, Amy Pottenger, Aaron E Carroll, Stephen M Downs
PURPOSE: Pediatric providers are increasingly screening for postpartum depression (PD), yet, it is unknown how often mothers comply with recommendations to seek treatment. The objectives were to describe the rate at which mothers with suspected PD seek treatment and explore factors that predict help-seeking behavior. DESIGN AND METHODS: Mothers were recruited from four pediatric clinics after identification using the Child Health Improvement through Computer Automation (CHICA) system...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042182/are-endocrine-disrupting-compounds-environmental-risk-factors-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
REVIEW
Amer Moosa, Henry Shu, Tewarit Sarachana, Valerie W Hu
Recent research on the etiology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has shifted in part from a singular focus on genetic causes to the involvement of environmental factors and their gene interactions. This shift in focus is a result of the rapidly increasing prevalence of ASD coupled with the incomplete penetrance of this disorder in monozygotic twins. One such area of environmentally focused research is the association of exposures to endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) with elevated risk for ASD. EDCs are exogenous chemicals that can alter endogenous hormone activity and homeostasis, thus potentially disrupting the action of sex and other natural hormones at all stages of human development...
October 14, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040244/a-prospective-study-of-the-causes-of-bruises-in-premobile-infants
#4
Kenneth W Feldman, Tricia M Tayama, Leslie E Strickler, Lee A Johnson, Gauri Kolhatkar, Catherine A DeRidder, Dana C Matthews, Robert Sidbury, James A Taylor
OBJECTIVE: This study had 2 objectives. First, to determine the behavior of physicians evaluating premobile infants with bruises. Second, and most importantly, to learn whether infants with unexplained bruising who had been initially evaluated by primary care and emergency department (ED) physicians are as likely to have their bruises attributed to child abuse as those children evaluated by child abuse physicians. METHODS: Primary care, ED, and child abuse pediatricians (CAPs) in King County, Washington, San Mateo, Calif, Albuquerque, NM, La Crosse, Wis, and Torrance, Calif prospectively identified and studied infants younger than 6 months with less than 6 bruises, which were judged by the evaluating clinician to be explained or unexplained after their initial clinical examination...
October 16, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038938/a-secure-base-from-which-to-cooperate-security-child-and-parent-willing-stance-and-adaptive-and-maladaptive-outcomes-in-two-longitudinal-studies
#5
Kathryn C Goffin, Lea J Boldt, Grazyna Kochanska
Early secure attachment plays a key role in socialization by inaugurating a long-term mutual positive, collaborative interpersonal orientation within the parent-child dyad. We report findings from Family Study (community mothers, fathers, and children, from age 2 to 12, N = 102, 51 girls) and Play Study (exclusively low-income mothers and children, from age 3.5 to 7, N = 186, 90 girls). We examined links among observed secure attachment at toddler age, child and parent receptive, willing stance to each other, observed in parent-child contexts at early school age, and developmental outcomes...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036936/barriers-and-facilitators-for-health-behavior-change-among-adults-from-multi-problem-households-a-qualitative-study
#6
Gera E Nagelhout, Lette Hogeling, Renate Spruijt, Nathalie Postma, Hein de Vries
Multi-problem households are households with problems on more than one of the following core problem areas: socio-economic problems, psycho-social problems, and problems related to child care. The aim of this study was to examine barriers and facilitators for health behavior change among adults from multi-problem households, as well as to identify ideas for a health promotion program. A qualitative study involving 25 semi-structured interviews was conducted among Dutch adults who received intensive family home care for multi-problem households...
October 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035840/characteristics-of-mexican-children-and-adolescents-who-died-by-suicide-a-study-of-psychological-autopsies
#7
Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Yazmín Hernández-Díaz, Isela E Juárez-Rojop, Alejandra Giovanna León-Garibay, Crystell Guadalupe Guzmán-Priego, Lilia López-Narváez, Ana Frésan
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, suicide in children and adolescents has increased considerably, becoming the second cause of death in this age group. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify characteristics and factors that could precipitate deaths by suicide in children and adolescents. METHODS: Using the psychological autopsy method, we studied 28 suicide cases of children and adolescents between 10 and 17 years old. Socio-demographic factors, characteristics of the suicide and family history were documented...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035774/facial-dog-bite-injuries-in-children-a-case-report
#8
Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti, Edgleys Porto, Bruno Ferreira Dos Santos, Christiane Leite Cavalcanti, Alidianne Fábia Cabral Cavalcanti
INTRODUCTION: Dog bites are common and can affect victims of different ages, from children to the elderly. Injuries are usually located in different body regions, including head and face. The treatment of choice for injuries is the suture of the lesion, accompanied by antibiotic therapy and tetanus and anti-rabies vaccination. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 11-year-old male black patient was admitted to the Surgery and Maxillo-Facial Traumatology Service, on an urgent basis, victim of domestic animal aggression (dog biting)...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035141/usual-care-for-maltreatment-related-pediatric-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-germany
#9
Annika Münzer, Rita Rosner, Helene Gertrud Ganser, Alexander Naumann, Paul Lukas Plener, Andreas Witt, Lutz Goldbeck
Child maltreatment represents a major risk factor for the development of emotional and behavioral problems, especially posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). While effective trauma-focused treatments are available, little is known about the usual mental healthcare for abused youths in Germany. The present study compared the utilization of mental healthcare in abused youths who had developed a PTSD (N = 95) with a group presenting other mental disorders (N = 146). Semistructured interviews were used to assess maltreatment histories, current mental health, and healthcare utilization...
October 16, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034733/mothers-personal-and-interpersonal-function-as-potential-mediators-between-maternal-maltreatment-history-and-child-behavior-problems
#10
Jessica Pereira, Jaclyn A Ludmer, Andrea Gonzalez, Leslie Atkinson
This study examined maternal depressive symptoms, social support, parenting, and adult attachment as mediators explaining the relation between maternal childhood maltreatment and child behavior in offspring. We assessed a community sample of 96 mother-child dyads. At child age 16 months, mothers self-reported maltreatment history, adult attachment, depressive symptoms, and social support, and maternal sensitivity was assessed via 2 hr of direct behavioral observation. Maternal reports of child behavior were collected at 5 years...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034462/a-model-based-cluster-analysis-of-maternal-emotion-regulation-and-relations-to-parenting-behavior
#11
Anne Shaffer, Monica Whitehead, Molly Davis, Diana Morelen, Cynthia Suveg
In a diverse community sample of mothers (N = 108) and their preschool-aged children (Mage  = 3.50 years), this study conducted person-oriented analyses of maternal emotion regulation (ER) based on a multimethod assessment incorporating physiological, observational, and self-report indicators. A model-based cluster analysis was applied to five indicators of maternal ER: maternal self-report, observed negative affect in a parent-child interaction, baseline respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), and RSA suppression across two laboratory tasks...
October 15, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032701/parent-reported-use-of-interventions-by-toddlers-and-preschoolers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Nalin Payakachat, J Mick Tilford, Karen A Kuhlthau
OBJECTIVE: This study examined services used by young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and factors associated with use. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted with baseline data for toddlers (under age three) and preschoolers (three to less than six years) with ASD enrolled in the Autism Speaks Autism Treatment Network registry from 2008 to 2013 (N=2,804). Parents' reports at enrollment of services received by children were documented...
October 16, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032186/does-parental-substance-use-always-engender-risk-for-children-comparing-incidence-rate-ratios-of-abusive-and-neglectful-behaviors-across-substance-use-behavior-patterns
#13
Nancy J Kepple
Parental substance use disorder (SUD) is associated with an added risk for child abuse and neglect, but less is understood about how a range of parental use behaviors is associated with differential maltreatment frequencies. This study used the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW I) to create categories for parental substance use behaviors that are conceptually associated with varying levels of substance-related impairments. The study sample was composed of 2100 parents of children ages 2-17 years from Wave 4 data collection...
October 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032185/the-moderating-effects-of-acculturation-on-the-relation-of-parenting-strategies-to-unhealthy-weight-control-behaviors-in-hispanic-daughters
#14
Norma Olvera, Molly R Matthews-Ewald, Mijin Kim, Alexandria Posada, Madeline Rancine, Consuelo Arbona
There is a dearth of research regarding the association of child and parent traits to the use of unhealthy weight control behaviors among minority girls with obesity. This study examined the moderating effects of mothers' and daughters' acculturation in the relation of parenting strategies (setting limits, monitoring and discipline) to unhealthy weight control behaviors in Hispanic girls with obesity. Participants included 148 Hispanic mother-daughter dyads (Mage = 39.1, SD = 6.4 years; Mage = 11.3, SD = 1...
October 11, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031582/validation-of-a-shortened-version-of-the-children-s-eating-behavior-questionnaire-and-associations-with-bmi-in-a-clinical-sample-of-latino-children
#15
Alma I Behar, Noe C Crespo, Melawhy L Garcia, Guadalupe X Ayala, Nadia Campbell, Lisa M Shadron, John P Elder
OBJECTIVE: To examine the validity of the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) through the associations of its 3 subscale scores (food responsiveness, slowness in eating, and satiety responsiveness) with body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of baseline data from a clinic-based obesity prevention and control randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Latino pediatric patients (n = 295) aged 5-11 years from a federally qualified health center in San Diego County, CA, with BMI percentiles ranging from 75...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031283/multipathway-quantitative-assessment-of-exposure-to-fecal-contamination-for-young-children-in-low-income-urban-environments-in-accra-ghana-the-sanipath-analytical-approach
#16
Yuke Wang, Christine L Moe, Clair Null, Suraja J Raj, Kelly K Baker, Katharine A Robb, Habib Yakubu, Joseph A Ampofo, Nii Wellington, Matthew C Freeman, George Armah, Heather E Reese, Dorothy Peprah, Peter F M Teunis
Lack of adequate sanitation results in fecal contamination of the environment and poses a risk of disease transmission via multiple exposure pathways. To better understand how eight different sources contribute to overall exposure to fecal contamination, we quantified exposure through multiple pathways for children under 5 years old in four high-density, low-income, urban neighborhoods in Accra, Ghana. We collected more than 500 hours of structured observation of behaviors of 156 children, 800 household surveys, and 1,855 environmental samples...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031217/quality-of-life-and-burden-in-caregivers-of-youth-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-presenting-for-intensive-treatment
#17
Monica S Wu, Rebecca Hamblin, Joshua Nadeau, Jessica Simmons, Ashley Smith, Meredith Wilson, Stephanie Eken, Brent Small, Vicky Phares, Eric A Storch
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with deleterious familial effects; caregivers are often enmeshed in the disorder and can experience considerable burden and decreased quality of life (QoL). Consequently, this study examined burden and QoL in caregivers of youth with OCD enrolled in an intensive outpatient or partial hospitalization program. METHOD: The relationships between caregiver QoL and burden and the following variables were investigated: OCD symptom severity, functioning (youth functional impairment, general family functioning), family (family accommodation, parental relationship satisfaction, positive aspects of caregiving), and comorbid psychopathology (caregiver anxiety and depressive symptoms, youth internalizing and externalizing behaviors)...
August 30, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030808/child-overweight-and-obesity-in-shanghai-china-contextualizing-chinese-socioeconomic-and-gender-differences
#18
Melissa L Martinson, Yu-Ling Chang, Wen-Jui Han, Jun Wen
PURPOSE: Childhood overweight and obesity is on the rise in China and in Chinese cities in particular. The aim of this study is to explore the extent of income differences in childhood overweight in Shanghai, China, and examine demographic, social, and behavioral explanations for these differences. METHODS: Using the 2014 Child Well-Being Study of Shanghai, China-a survey that included extensive contextual information on children and their families in China's most populous city, prevalence rates and adjusted odds ratios of child overweight and obesity at age 7 were calculated by income tercile controlling for a wide variety of sociodemographic variables...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030327/the-effectiveness-of-ehealth-technologies-on-weight-management-in-pregnant-and-postpartum-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Diana Sherifali, Kara A Nerenberg, Shanna Wilson, Kevin Semeniuk, Muhammad Usman Ali, Leanne M Redman, Kristi B Adamo
BACKGROUND: The emergence and utilization of electronic health (eHealth) technologies has increased in a variety of health interventions. Exploiting the real-time advantages offered by mobile technologies during and after pregnancy has the potential to empower women and encourage behaviors that may improve maternal and child health. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of eHealth technologies for weight management during pregnancy and the postpartum period and to review the efficacy of eHealth technologies on health behaviors, specifically nutrition and physical activity...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030216/disrupted-physiological-reactivity-among-children-with-a-history-of-suicidal-ideation-moderation-by-parental-expressed-emotion-criticism
#20
Kiera M James, Mary L Woody, Cope Feurer, Anastacia Y Kudinova, Brandon E Gibb
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to examine physiological reactivity during parent-child interactions in children with and without a history of suicidal ideation (SI), a group known to be at increased risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors in the future. We also examined the potential moderating role of parental expressed emotion-criticism (EE-Crit) to determine whether the presence of parental criticism may help to identify a subgroup of children with a history of SI most at risk for physiological dysregulation...
October 10, 2017: Biological Psychology
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