keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Child behavior

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454255/effects-of-adjunctive-eslicarbazepine-acetate-on-neurocognitive-functioning-in-children-with-refractory-focal-onset-seizures
#1
Sergiusz Jóźwiak, P Veggiotti, J Moreira, H Gama, F Rocha, P Soares-da-Silva
PURPOSE: This was a phase-II, randomized, double-blind (DB), placebo-controlled study aimed to evaluate neurocognitive effects of eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) as adjunctive therapy in pediatric patients with refractory focal-onset seizures (FOS). METHODS: Children (6-16years old) with FOS were randomized (2:1) to ESL or placebo. Treatment started at 10mg/kg/day, was up-titrated up to 30mg/kg/day (target dose), and maintained for 8weeks, followed by one-year open-label follow-up...
February 13, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454168/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-pubertal-hormones-in-human-hair-across-development
#2
Andrew D Grotzinger, Daniel A Briley, Laura E Engelhardt, Frank D Mann, Megan W Patterson, Jennifer L Tackett, Elliot M Tucker-Drob, K Paige Harden
Puberty is a complex biopsychosocial process that can affect an array of psychiatric and medical disorders emerging in adolescence. Although the pubertal process is driven by neuroendocrine changes, few quantitative genetic studies have directly measured puberty-relevant hormones. Hair samples can now be assayed for accumulation of hormones over several months. In contrast to more conventional salivary measures, hair measures are not confounded by diurnal variation or hormonal reactivity. In an ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample of 1286 child and adolescent twins and multiples from 672 unique families, we estimated genetic and environmental influences on hair concentrations of testosterone, DHEA, and progesterone across the period of 8-18 years of age...
February 12, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454016/mother-and-child-personality-traits-associated-with-common-feeding-strategies-and-child-body-mass-index
#3
Angelina R Sutin, Antonio Terracciano
The feeding strategies that parents use with their children shape their children's attitudes and behaviors toward food. The present research examined whether personality traits of the mother and the child are associated with the types of feeding strategies mothers use with their children. The present research also examined whether these characteristics are associated with the child's body mass index (BMI). Mothers (N = 2928) reported how often they used three feeding strategies (Restriction, Pressure to Eat, Monitoring) with the target child and their personality and the personality of the child...
February 14, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453502/parenting-wisely-six-months-later-how-implementation-delivery-impacts-program-effects-at-follow-up
#4
Katie Cotter Stalker, Roderick A Rose, Martica Bacallao, Paul R Smokowski
We evaluated the effectiveness of the Parenting Wisely (PW) program 6 months post intervention and assessed differences based on delivery format. Using a quasi-experimental design, parents (N = 311) participated in the PW program in one of five formats (i.e., parents-only intensive workshop, parents-only 5-week group, parents and adolescents 5-week group, parent and adolescent online, and parent-only online format). An additional 53 parents served as a comparison group. We used the McMaster Family Assessment Device, the Child Behavior Checklist, and the Violent Behavior Checklist to measure family functioning, parenting, and adolescent behavior...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453011/emotional-availability-in-mothers-with-borderline-personality-disorder-and-mothers-with-remitted-major-depression-is-differently-associated-with-psychopathology-among-school-aged-children
#5
Dorothea Kluczniok, Katja Boedeker, Catherine Hindi Attar, Charlotte Jaite, Anna-Lena Bierbaum, Daniel Fuehrer, Luisa Paetz, Katja Dittrich, Sabine C Herpertz, Romuald Brunner, Sibylle Winter, Andreas Heinz, Stefan Roepke, Christine Heim, Felix Bermpohl
BACKGROUND: Both, maternal borderline personality disorder (BPD) and maternal major depressive disorder (MDD) are often associated with adverse consequences for children, including increased risk for child behavior problems. Reduced maternal emotional availability might play a critical role in transmitting maternal psychopathology on the child. Our aim was to investigate the association between emotional availability and maternal BPD and MDD in remission (rMDD), and if this interrelatedness mediates the association between maternal mental disorders and child behavior problems...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452589/does-additional-support-provided-through-e-mail-or-sms-in-a-web-based-social-marketing-program-improve-children-s-food-consumption-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Natalie Rangelov, Sara Della Bella, Pedro Marques-Vidal, L Suzanne Suggs
BACKGROUND: The FAN Social Marketing program was developed to improve dietary and physical activity habits of families with children in Ticino, Switzerland. The aim of this study was to examine if the effects of the program on children's food intake differed by intervention group. METHODS: Effects of the FAN program were tested through a Randomized Controlled Trial. The program lasted 8 weeks, during which participants received tailored communication about nutrition and physical activity...
February 16, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452463/autosomal-dominant-mannose-binding-lectin-deficiency-is-associated-with-worse-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-after-cardiac-surgery-in-infants
#7
Daniel Seung Kim, Yatong K Li, Jerry H Kim, Curtis S Bergquist, Marsha Gerdes, Judy C Bernbaum, Nancy Burnham, Donna M McDonald-McGinn, Elaine H Zackai, Susan C Nicolson, Thomas L Spray, Deborah A Nickerson, Hakon Hakonarson, Gail P Jarvik, J William Gaynor
OBJECTIVES: The MBL2 gene is the major genetic determinant of mannose-binding lectin (MBL)-an acute phase reactant. Low MBL levels have been associated with adverse outcomes in preterm infants. The MBL2 Gly54Asp missense variant causes autosomal dominant MBL deficiency. We tested the hypothesis that MBL2 Gly54Asp is associated with worse neurodevelopmental outcomes after cardiac surgery in neonates. METHODS: This is an analysis of a previously described cohort of patients with nonsyndromic congenital heart disease who underwent cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass before age 6 months (n = 295)...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451300/decreased-anterior-cingulate-activation-in-a-motor-task-in-youths-with-bipolar-disorder
#8
Jace B King, Jeffrey S Anderson, Deborah A Yurgelun-Todd, Punitha Subramaniam, Marie R Ehrler, Melissa P Lopez-Larson
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BP) is characterized by abnormal shifts in mood between episodes of mania and severe depression, both of which have been linked with psychomotor disturbances. This study compares brain activation patterns in motor networks between euthymic youths with BP and healthy controls (HC) during the completion of a simple motor task. METHODS: Thirty-five youths with BP and 35 HC (aged 10-19) completed a self-paced sequential bilateral finger-tapping task, consisting of a 4-minute scan block with alternating 20-second periods of either the tapping task (six blocks) or rest (six blocks), while undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450838/prevention-and-management-of-obesity-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-among-primary-care-pediatricians
#9
Morgan Walls, Sarabeth Broder-Fingert, Emily Feinberg, Mari-Lynn Drainoni, Megan Bair-Merritt
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at high risk for being overweight and obese. Little is known about how obesity in children with ASD is being addressed in primary care. This article reports findings from a survey completed by 327 general pediatricians, which included a fictional clinical vignette and Likert-scales assessing attitudes, practices, self-efficacy, and barriers to obesity management. Although the majority of respondents agreed pediatricians should be the main providers to manage obesity in children with ASD, few reported receiving adequate training to do so...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449153/exploring-grandparents-roles-in-young-children-s-lifestyle-behaviors-and-the-prevention-of-childhood-obesity-an-australian-perspective
#10
Lucinda K Bell, Rebecca A Perry, Ivanka Prichard
Childhood obesity remains a significant public health issue. Because lifestyle behaviors and weight are established early and track through life stages, prevention strategies must commence in the first years of life. Traditionally, such strategies target parents or formal child care providers. Yet grandparents are increasingly providing care to grandchildren and therefore have an important role in their eating and activity behaviors, which creates a major research gap. This commentary piece, focusing on the Australian context, argues that it is imperative and timely for obesity prevention research to include investigations regarding the role of grandparents in the prevention of obesity-related behaviors in young children...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448186/cognitive-development-in-children-of-adolescent-mothers-the-impact-of-socioeconomic-risk-and-maternal-sensitivity
#11
Christine Firk, Kerstin Konrad, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Wolfgang Scharke, Brigitte Dahmen
BACKGROUND: Adolescent motherhood is accompanied by a constellation of risk factors that translate into developmental risk for the off-spring. Socioeconomic risk that is associated with adolescent motherhood as well as maternal interactive behaviors may contribute to the impact of adolescent motherhood on children's developmental outcome. OBJECTIVE: Therefore, the aim of the current study was to investigate differences in children's cognitive development between children of adolescent and adult mothers in their first two years of life and to examine whether socioeconomic risk (e...
February 12, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448135/the-effect-of-adding-coping-power-program-sweden-to-parent-management-training-effects-and-moderators-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Maria Helander, John Lochman, Jens Högström, Brjánn Ljótsson, Clara Hellner, Pia Enebrink
For children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), Parent Management Training (PMT) is a recommended treatment in addition to child Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (child-CBT). There is however a lack of studies investigating the additive effect of group-based child-CBT to PMT for children between 8 and 12 years. The current study investigated the incremental effect of group-based child-CBT, based on the Coping Power Program, when added to the Swedish group-based PMT program KOMET. Outcomes were child behavior problems, child prosocial behavior, parenting skills and the moderating effect of child characteristics...
February 5, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447404/personal-network-characteristics-and-body-mass-index-the-role-of-education-among-black-americans
#13
Stephanie T Child, Katrina M Walsemann, Andrew T Kaczynski, Nancy L Fleischer, Alexander C McLain, Spencer Moore
Background: Personal (i.e. egocentric) network characteristics are associated with health outcomes, including overweight and obesity. Previous research suggests educational attainment may interact with network characteristics to buffer these relationships. Limited research has examined the personal network characteristics of Black Americans, who have increased risk of overweight and obesity. The purpose of the current study was to examine associations between network characteristics and body mass index (BMI), and whether educational attainment modified these associations among Black Americans...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446700/an-interview-informed-synthesized-contingency-analysis-to-inform-the-treatment-of-challenging-behavior-in-a-young-child-with-autism
#14
Ciara Herman, Olive Healy, Sinéad Lydon
PURPOSE: Experimental Functional analysis (EFA) is considered the "gold standard" of behavioural assessment and its use is predictive of treatment success. However, EFA has a number of limitations including its lengthy nature, the high level of expertise required, and the reinforcement of challenging behaviour. This study aimed to further validate a novel interview-informed synthesised contingency analysis (IISCA). METHODS: An open-ended interview and brief direct observation informed an IISCA for a young boy with autism who engaged in challenging behaviour...
February 15, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445980/challenges-and-facilitators-to-promoting-a-healthy-food-environment-and-communicating-effectively-with-parents-to-improve-food-behaviors-of-school-children
#15
Hiershenee B Luesse, Rachel Paul, Heewon L Gray, Pamela Koch, Isobel Contento, Victoria Marsick
Background Childhood obesity is a major public health concern and families play an important role. Improving strategies to reach parents and directing tailored nutrition education to them is needed. Purpose To investigate the challenges and facilitators to promoting a healthy environment at home and to identify communication preferences to inform intervention strategies for effectively reaching low-income urban minority families. Procedure Semi-structured focus group interviews were conducted with four groups involving 16 low-income urban parents (94% female; 88% Hispanic/Latino, 12% African American) of elementary school children...
February 14, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445183/reducing-risk-and-improving-maternal-perspective-taking-and-empathy-using-virtual-embodiment
#16
Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis, Domna Banakou, Manuela Garcia Quiroga, Christos Giachritsis, Mel Slater
The ability to perspective-take (cognitive awareness of another's state) and empathise (emotional/affective response) are important characteristics for sensitive, co-operative and constructive parenting, which assists in developing adaptive functioning for children. For the first time, immersive virtual reality was used to place parents in the position of a child in order to assess impact on perspective-taking and empathy. This novel study was conducted with 20 non-high risk Spanish mothers (a pilot study with 12 mothers is reported in supplementary files)...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443561/building-bridges-to-a-brighter-tomorrow-a-systematic-evidence-review-of-interventions-that-prepare-adolescents-for-adulthood
#17
Barri B Burrus, Kathleen Krieger, Regina Rutledge, Alexander Rabre, Sarah Axelson, Audra Miller, LeBretia White, Christine Jackson
BACKGROUND: Data suggest that adverse social determinants during adolescence can set in motion a lifetime of poor social and health outcomes. Vulnerable youths are at particularly high risk in this regard. OBJECTIVES: To identify and assess the current evidence base for adolescent-focused interventions designed to influence adulthood preparation that could affect longer-term social determinants. SEARCH METHODS: Using a systematic review methodology, we conducted an initial assessment of intervention evaluations targeting 6 adulthood preparation subject (APS) areas to assess the quality and character of the evidence base...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441597/toxic-stress-and-protective-factors-in-multi-ethnic-school-age-children-a-research-protocol
#18
Eileen M Condon, Lois S Sadler, Linda C Mayes
Exposure to stressful environments in early childhood can cause a toxic stress response and lead to poor health outcomes, including obesity, cardiac disease, diabetes, and mental illness. In animals and maltreated children, the presence of a nurturing caregiver can buffer against the physiological disruptions associated with a toxic stress response; however, the specific caregiver and parenting characteristics that best promote a protective relationship in humans remain largely unexplored, particularly in families living in high-risk environments...
February 14, 2018: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441219/a-new-patient-with-potocki-lupski-syndrome-a-literature-review
#19
Andrea Domenico Praticò, Raffaele Falsaperla, Renata Rizzo, Martino Ruggieri, Alberto Verrotti, Piero Pavone
Speech delay, intellectual disability, and behavioral disturbances are the main clinical manifestations of Potocki-Lupski syndrome. Other features include infantile hypotonia, the absence of major dysmorphism, sleep disorders, and congenital anomalies, particularly of the cardiovascular system. A male patient with Potocki-Lupski syndrome is reported herein. He showed speech and borderline cognitive delay, behavioral troubles with no signs suggestive of autism, in the absence of major dysmorphism. A de novo 17p12-p11...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439704/novel-patterns-of-physical-activity-in-a-large-sample-of-preschool-aged-children
#20
Rachel M Ruiz, Evan C Sommer, Dustin Tracy, Jorge A Banda, Christina D Economos, Megan M JaKa, Kelly R Evenson, Maciej S Buchowski, Shari L Barkin
BACKGROUND: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), shown to be associated with health benefits, is not well-characterized in preschool-aged children. MVPA is commonly described as a threshold amount to achieve. We examined a novel way to characterize MVPA patterns in preschool-aged children by gender and age. METHODS: Preschool-aged children from Nashville, TN and Minneapolis, MN wore triaxial accelerometers. Four distinct MVPA patterns were identified: isolated spurt (IS), isolated sustained activity (ISA), clustered spurt (CS), and clustered sustained activity (CSA)...
February 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
keyword
keyword
23671
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"