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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239634/mother-child-positivity-and-negativity-family-wide-and-child-specific-main-effects-and-interactions-predict-child-adjustment
#1
Bonamy R Oliver, Alison Pike
Links between positive and negative aspects of the parent-child relationship and child adjustment are undisputed. Scholars recognize the importance of parental differential treatment (PDT) of siblings, yet, less is known about PDT in the context of the shared (family-wide) parent-child relationship climate, or about the extent to which positivity may buffer children's adjustment from negativity. Controlling for behavioral stability, we examined the potential for positive and negative parent-child processes to interact across and between child-specific and family-wide levels in the prediction of children's adjustment...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238949/a-pilot-of-a-brief-positive-parenting-program-on-children-newly-diagnosed-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Debra H Zand, Margaret W Bultas, Stephen Edward McMillin, Donna Halloran, Taryn White, Donnamarie McNamara, Katherine J Pierce
Disruptive behaviors can be of comparable or greater concern to parents than the core symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Provision of effective interventions to address these behaviors within the first year of initial diagnosis holds great potential for improving the child's, parents', and family's functioning. We piloted a four-session, manualized, positive parenting program on 21 parents of newly diagnosed children ages 2 through 12 years using a mixed methods design. Seventy-five percent of parents completed four sessions, with 100% reporting high levels of service satisfaction...
December 14, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238825/association-of-cumulative-childhood-adversity-and-adolescent-violent-offending-with-suicide-in-early-adulthood
#3
Emma Björkenstam, Anders Hjern, Charlotte Björkenstam, Kyriaki Kosidou
Importance: Childhood adversity (CA) is associated with an increased risk of suicide in young adulthood that might be explained by maladaptive trajectories during adolescence. Although adolescent violent offending is linked with suicide, little is known about its role in the association between CA and suicide. Objective: To examine whether adolescent violent offending mediates the association between CA and suicide in early adulthood. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based, longitudinal cohort study with a follow-up time spanning 5 to 9 years included 476 103 individuals born in Sweden between 1984 and 1988...
December 13, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238342/breastfeeding-behaviors-and-the-innate-immune-system-of-human-milk-working-together-to-protect-infants-against-inflammation-hiv-1-and-other-infections
#4
REVIEW
Bethany M Henrick, Xiao-Dan Yao, Laila Nasser, Ava Roozrogousheh, Kenneth L Rosenthal
The majority of infants' breastfeeding from their HIV-infected mothers do not acquire HIV-1 infection despite exposure to cell-free virus and cell-associated virus in HIV-infected breast milk. Paradoxically, exclusive breastfeeding regardless of the HIV status of the mother has led to a significant decrease in mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) compared with non-exclusive breastfeeding. Although it remains unclear how these HIV-exposed infants remain uninfected despite repeated and prolonged exposure to HIV-1, the low rate of transmission is suggestive of a multitude of protective, short-lived bioactive innate immune factors in breast milk...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238228/prenatal-exposure-to-antipsychotic-medication-and-use-of-primary-health-care-system-in-childhood-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-denmark
#5
Anne Mette Lund Würtz, Claus Høstrup Vestergaard, Dorte Rytter, Merete Juul Sørensen, Jakob Christensen, Mogens Vestergaard, Bodil Hammer Bech
Background: Antipsychotic (AP) medication is increasingly used for many health conditions. Prenatal exposure to AP medication has been associated with several adverse outcomes, but the findings remain inconsistent. Purpose: We aimed to investigate prenatal exposure to AP medication and the use of primary health care system in childhood. Subjects and methods: All live-born singletons in Denmark during 1997-2012 were identified in the nationwide Danish National Patient Register and followed until December 31, 2013 (n = 963,010)...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237800/an-integrated-clinic-community-partnership-for-child-obesity-treatment-a-randomized-pilot-trial
#6
Jessica Hoffman, Leah Frerichs, Mary Story, Jason Jones, Kiah Gaskin, Annie Apple, Asheley Skinner, Sarah Armstrong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Effective treatment of childhood obesity remains elusive. Integration of clinical and community systems may achieve effective and sustainable treatment. However, the feasibility and effectiveness of this integrated model are unknown. METHODS: We conducted a randomized clinical trial among children aged 5 to 11 presenting for obesity treatment. We randomized participants to clinical care or clinical care plus community-based programming at a local parks and recreation facility...
December 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237048/latent-profiles-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-elementary-school-age-youth-associations-with-health-related-quality-of-life
#7
Tarrah B Mitchell, Ric G Steele
Objective: The objectives were to identify and describe profiles of elementary school-age youth based on objective measurements of total time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) and in bouts of the activities, to examine predictors of profiles, and to examine whether profiles were differentially associated with physical and psychosocial health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Methods: Participants included 204 youth (aged 8-11 years) who wore accelerometers to gather objective activity data...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236790/screening-for-mental-health-problems-in-preschoolers-at-primary-health-care-settings
#8
Raquel Godinho Hokama Dos Santos, Eloisa Helena Rubelo Valler Celeri
OBJECTIVE: To study the applicability of the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ 2,4-p) as a screening tool for mental health problems in preschoolers, in the context of Primary Health Care; to evaluate the mental health problems of the sample, comparing data from SDQ (2,4-p) and from the Child Behavior Check List (CBCL 1½-5 years). METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study with a convenience sample of 31-50-month-old children, whose caretakers provided informational reports...
December 7, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236546/the-international-parenting-survey-rationale-development-and-potential-applications
#9
Alina Morawska, Ania Filus, Divna Haslam, Matthew R Sanders
The quality of parent-child interactions and family relationships has a powerful influence on children's development and well-being. The International Parenting Survey (IPS) is a brief, web-based survey developed to provide a cross-national, community-level, population snapshot of the experiences of parents related to raising children. The IPS was developed as a planning tool to assist policy makers and community agencies plan, implement, and evaluate parenting programs and as a tracking tool to evaluate parenting support programs in different countries...
December 13, 2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236411/boosting-social-and-emotional-development-in-and-out-of-school
#10
Ashley Wallace, Jennifer Palmer
(1) Illinois' state ESSA plan reflects the state’s whole-child approach, adding references to the social, emotional and behavioral needs of students, along with high expectations for student achievement. (2) Massachusetts' state ESSA plan lists supporting socialemotional learning, health and safety as among the state's core educational strategies. (3) South Carolina's ESSA plan develops a framework identifying self-direction, perseverance, global perspective and interpersonal skills to be among the characteristics that every student should have when he or she graduates from high school...
November 2017: NCSL Legisbrief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236092/paternal-smoking-and-maternal-protective-behaviors-at-home-on-infant-s-saliva-cotinine-levels
#11
Man-Ping Wang, Yi-Nam Suen, Bonny Yee-Man Wong, William Ho-Cheung Li, David Soo-Quee Koh, Tai-Hing Lam, Sophia Siu-Chee Chan
BackgroundWe investigated the association between paternal smoking, avoidance behaviors and maternal protective actions and smoke-free home rules with infant's saliva cotinine in Hong Kong.MethodsSix hundred and seventy-five non-smoking mothers (mean age 32.6 years) who attended the maternal-child health clinics with their newborns aged ≤18 months completed a questionnaire about paternal smoking and avoidance behaviors, maternal protective actions, smoke-free rules at home, and infant's second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure...
December 13, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234991/longitudinal-analysis-of-particulate-air-pollutants-and-adolescent-delinquent-behavior-in-southern-california
#12
Diana Younan, Catherine Tuvblad, Meredith Franklin, Fred Lurmann, Lianfa Li, Jun Wu, Kiros Berhane, Laura A Baker, Jiu-Chiuan Chen
Animal experiments and cross-sectional human studies have linked particulate matter (PM) with increased behavioral problems. We conducted a longitudinal study to examine whether the trajectories of delinquent behavior are affected by PM2.5 (PM with aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 μm) exposures before and during adolescence. We used the parent-reported Child Behavior Checklist at age 9-18 with repeated measures every ~2-3 years (up to 4 behavioral assessments) on 682 children from the Risk Factors for Antisocial Behavior Study conducted in a multi-ethnic cohort of twins born in 1990-1995...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234932/emotion-coregulation-processes-between-mothers-and-their-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder-associations-with-children-s-maladaptive-behaviors
#13
Valentina Valentovich, Wendy A Goldberg, Dana Rose Garfin, Yuqing Guo
A dyadic microanalysis approach was used to examine emotion coregulation processes in mother-child interactions in relation to children's maladaptive behaviors. Seventy-two mother-child dyads (46 children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD); 26 neurotypical children) were previously videotaped in a semi-structured play procedure at home and mothers reported on children's internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Mother-child interactions were reliably coded in 5-second intervals and analyzed using Space State Grid software...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232526/prevention-of-childhood-obesity-in-child-health-services-follow-up-of-the-primrose-trial
#14
Johanna Enö Persson, Benjamin Bohman, Per Tynelius, Finn Rasmussen, Ata Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is an urgent public health concern, and there's a need for long-term, high-quality, primary prevention trials targeting parents of young children. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the long-term effect of a parental support program based on motivational interviewing (MI). METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial was carried out in eight Swedish counties. Participating families (N = 1355) were enrolled when the child was 9 months old, and participated in nine sessions during ∼39 months...
December 12, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232351/randomized-clinical-trial-of-lidocaine-analgesia-for-transurethral-bladder-catheterization-delivered-via-blunt-tipped-applicator-in-young-children
#15
Neil G Uspal, Bonnie Strelitz, Jesse Gritton, Kristin Follmer, Miranda C Bradford, Taryn L Colton, Paul A Merguerian, Eileen J Klein
OBJECTIVE: Transurethral bladder catheterization (TUBC) is a painful, frequently performed procedure for collecting sterile urine. We sought to determine if administration of intraurethral lidocaine before TUBC using a blunt tipped syringe decreases procedural pain in young children in the pediatric emergency department. METHODS: Randomized clinical trial of children 0 to 36 months old requiring TUBC for collection of urine in a pediatric emergency department was performed...
December 11, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232180/a-randomized-study-of-a-mobile-behavioral-parent-training-application
#16
Edward G Feil, Peter G Sprengelmeyer, Craig Leve
Background/Introduction: Never before have parents had such immediate access to parenting support. The extension of the Internet to smartphones, offers the opportunity to provide families with the highest-quality information at the time and place that it can be the most useful. However, there remain considerable barriers to getting the right information to the right people at the right time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study includes the initial feasibility testing of a smartphone application "ParentNet" that attempts to deliver on the potential of empirically supported therapy by connecting family members with specific behavioral goals and outcomes in real time...
December 12, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231897/assessment-of-a-salt-reduction-intervention-on-adult-population-salt-intake-in-fiji
#17
Arti Pillay, Kathy Trieu, Joseph Alvin Santos, Arleen Sukhu, Jimaima Schultz, Jillian Wate, Colin Bell, Marj Moodie, Wendy Snowdon, Gary Ma, Kris Rogers, Jacqui Webster
Reducing population salt intake is a global public health priority due to the potential to save lives and reduce the burden on the healthcare system through decreased blood pressure. This implementation science research project set out to measure salt consumption patterns and to assess the impact of a complex, multi-faceted intervention to reduce population salt intake in Fiji between 2012 and 2016. The intervention combined initiatives to engage food businesses to reduce salt in foods and meals with targeted consumer behavior change programs...
December 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227523/childhood-ingestions-of-environmental-toxins-what-are-the-risks
#18
Marissa Hauptman, Alan D Woolf
Infants and children are at higher risk than adolescents and adults for exposure to environmental toxins via ingestion for a number of reasons: their smaller size (and proportionately larger dose of ingested toxins), their closer proximity to the ground, dirt, and indoor dust, their boundless curiosity and oral exploratory behaviors, pica habits that may persist into school-age for children with autism or other developmental delays, their proportionately larger daily water and milk intake, and food preferences that differ markedly from adolescents and adults...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227338/associations-between-early-family-meal-environment-quality-and-later-well-being-in-school-age-children
#19
Marie-Josée Harbec, Linda S Pagani
OBJECTIVE: Past research suggests a positive link between family meals and child and adolescent health. Although researchers have often relied on how often families eat together, this may not capture the complexity of the experience. Using a birth cohort, this study examines the prospective associations between the environmental quality of the family meal experience at age 6 years and child well-being at age 10. METHODS: Participants are 1492 children of the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226546/small-supernumerary-marker-chromosome-15-and-a-ring-chromosome-15-associated-with-a-15q26-3-deletion-excluding-the-igf1r-gene
#20
András Szabó, Márta Czakó, Kinga Hadzsiev, Balázs Duga, Zsolt Bánfai, Katalin Komlósi, Béla Melegh
Array comparative genomic hybridization is essential in the investigation of chromosomal rearrangements associated with epilepsy, intellectual disability, and dysmorphic features. In many cases deletions, duplications, additional marker chromosomes, and ring chromosomes originating from chromosome 15 lead to abnormal phenotypes. We present a child with epilepsy, cardiac symptoms, severely delayed mental and growth development, behavioral disturbances and characteristic dysmorphic features showing a ring chromosome 15 and a small supernumerary marker chromosome...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
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