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Rheumatic heart disease

Xingyue Song, Jing Wu, Canqing Yu, Wenhong Dong, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Zhengming Chen, An Pan, Liming Li
BACKGROUND: Understanding the correlates of self-rated health (SRH) can help public health professionals prioritize health-promotion and disease-prevention interventions. This study aimed to investigate the association between multiple comorbidities and global SRH and age-comparative SRH. METHODS: A total of 512,891 participants aged 30-79 years old were recruited into the China Kadoorie Biobank study from ten regions between 2004 and 2008. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) for the associations between comorbidities (including diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, stroke, tuberculosis, emphysema/bronchitis, asthma, cirrhosis/chronic hepatitis, peptic ulcer, gallbladder disease, kidney disease, fracture, rheumatic arthritis, psychiatric disorders, depressive symptoms, neurasthenia, head injury and cancer) and SRH...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Dana AlNuaimi, Reem AlKetbi, Usama AlBastaki, Claude Pierre-Jerome, Ebrahim Ahmad Ebrahim
Pulmonary vein varix is an unusual cause of a mediastinal mass on a chest radiograph. It may be found as an isolated malformation or as a sequela of pulmonary venous hypertension. We encountered a case presenting with left hemiparesis and a past medical history of rheumatic heart disease. The chest radiograph revealed a well-defined mediastinal mass that turned out to be a hugely dilated pulmonary vein on contrast enhanced computed tomography of the chest. The computed tomography of the brain and upper abdomen revealed bilateral cerebral infarction and splenic infarction...
April 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Pasqualina M Coffey, Anna P Ralph, Vicki L Krause
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) poses a major disease burden among disadvantaged populations globally. It results from acute rheumatic fever (ARF), a complication of Group A Streptococcal (GAS) infection. These conditions are acknowledged as diseases of poverty, however the role of specific social and environmental factors in GAS infection and progression to ARF/RHD is not well understood. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the association between social determinants of health and GAS infection, ARF and RHD, and the effect of interventions targeting these...
June 13, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
L A Nikolenko, E S Shopova, E S Golovneva, E S Nikolenko
Due to current options of cardiac surgery, operations on the heart of elderly patients have become routine in specialized cardiosurgical centers. The issue of pre- and postoperative anemia of different nature is essential in surgical correction of heart valves and coronary bypass. AIM: To study indexes of red blood in elderly patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) and pathology of heart valves before and after surgical correction, including the relationship with position and type of the prosthesis...
2018: Kardiologiia
Joseph Gallagher, Kenneth McDonald, Mark Ledwidge, Chris J Watson
Heart failure is a growing problem in sub-Saharan Africa. This arises as the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease rises, life expectancy increases and causes of heart failure more common in Africa, such as rheumatic heart disease and endomyocardial fibrosis, continue to be a significant issue. Lack of access to diagnostics is an issue with the expense and technical expertise required for echocardiography limiting access. Biomarker strategies may play a role here. Access to essential medicines is also limited and requires a renewed focus by the international community to ensure that appropriate medications are readily available, similar to that which has been implemented for HIV and malaria...
May 2018: Cardiac Failure Review
Daniel Lyon Fink, Yoram Chaiter, Samuel Menahem, Rivka Farkash, Yossy Machluf
Background: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) among Ethiopian school children was recently found to be 1.4%. Immigration of the Jewish population from the Gondar region to Israel created an opportunity for further enquiry. Methods: A cross-sectional study of the cardiac status of 113,671 adolescent recruits aged 16-19 years from the northern district of Israel who completed the medical profiling process over a 22-year period. Results: 140 recruits had a history of rheumatic fever (0...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Bo Remenyi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Laura M Korte, Asha C Bowen, Anthony D K Draper, Kim Davis, Annette Steel, Ines Teodora, Ivonia Mascarenhas, Benjamin Dingle, Joshua R Francis
INTRODUCTION: Scabies and impetigo are common and important skin conditions which are often neglected in developing countries. Limited data have been published on the prevalence of scabies and impetigo in Timor-Leste. Sequelae including cellulitis, bacteraemia, nephritis, acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease contribute significantly to the burden of disease. METHODS: School students were recruited from schools in Dili (urban) and Ermera (rural) in Timor-Leste for an epidemiological study in October 2016...
May 31, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Rongjun Zou, Wanting Shi, Jun Tao, Xifeng Lin, Dingwen Zhang, Songran Yang, Ping Hua
Background: Renal impairment increases the risk of cardiovascular events and perioperative complications in patients with heart valve disease. This study aimed to determine the perioperative benefit of statin treatment related to baseline renal function in patients with rheumatic heart disease (RHD) who had cardiac surgery. Methods and Results: We performed a retrospective study on 136 patients with RHD who underwent valve replacement surgery. The mean age of the patients was 56...
2018: BioMed Research International
Azza M A M Abul-Fadl, Maha M Mourad, Alaa Ghamrawy, Ayah Ebada Sarhan
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a preventable disease that is prevalent in developing regions of the world. Its eradication from most of the developed world indicates that this disease can be controlled and eliminated. Aim: To conduct an in-depth analysis of the trends and challenges of controlling RHD in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR). Methodology: Global data from the World Health Organization (WHO) data banks were retrieved for total deaths and age standardized death rate per 100,000 (ASDR) by age group, sex, and year (from 2000 to 2015)...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease
Gokhan Gumus, Dilek Giray, Onur Bobusoglu, Lulufer Tamer, Derya Karpuz, Olgu Hallioglu
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are fine regulators of gene expression which participate in the regulation of almost every phase of cell physiology, including development of immune cells and adjustment of immune response. In the studies with in vitro/in vivo model systems, specific miRNAs are revealed to have various roles in cardiovascular development and physiological functions. Furthermore, some studies have been done to understand the role of miRNAs about myocarditis, heart failure and coronary artery diseases. miRNAs crucial role in the pathogenesis of other rheumatic diseases have been investigated, however rheumatic carditis was not studied...
May 29, 2018: Rheumatology International
Zi-Wei Ye, Jingli Peng, Yue Du, Shanshan An, Qiuyun Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Rasha H Soliman, Mohammed I Oraby, Mohammed Fathy, Alaa M Essam
Background: Acute ischemic stroke is one of the major causes of disability and death worldwide. Effective prevention remains the best approach for reducing the burden of stroke. The aim of this work was to study the prevalence of stroke risk factors and the possible relation between such risk factors and the disease severity at presentation in a sample of stroke patients presented to Beni-Suef University Hospital, north Upper Egypt. Methods: A sample of 167 patients of acute ischemic stroke recruited from Beni-Suef University Hospital was included in this cross-sectional descriptive study...
2018: The Egyptian journal of neurology, psychiatry and neurosurgery
Samuel R Schnittman, Aaron J Weiss, Robin Varghese, Paul Stelzer
A 36-year-old pregnant woman with a history of rheumatic heart disease and prior aortic valve replacement and mitral valve repair presented to an outside hospital with severe aortic stenosis. The patient had a cardiac arrest upon labor induction and underwent a transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), which dislodged two days later. Five months later, the patient underwent removal of the dislodged TAVR and a Ross procedure at the authors' institution. The patient was stable upon discharge, with minimal aortic and pulmonary regurgitation...
September 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
Liesl Zühlke, Susan Perkins, Sithembile Cembi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: European Heart Journal
Orathai Pachirat, Sompop Prathanee, George Watt
Bartonella spp. are emerging pathogens that are reported as the cause of blood culture-negative endocarditis ( BCNE). However, echocardiographic features and assessment of this endocarditis remains unclear. Four patients with B. henselae endocarditis were identified. All patients had underlying cardiac conditions: rheumatic heart disease in three, congenital heart disease in one. Evidence of vegetations was found on the aortic valve in all patients with large, highly mobile vegetations and severely destroyed valves demonstrated by the transthoracic echocardiogram leading to severe aortic regurgitation and heart failure...
April 2018: Cardiology Research
Sulafa Ali, Sara Domi, Bahja Abbo, Rabab Abbas, Tajudeen Bushari, Khalid Al Awad, Abdelrahman Elhassan, Manar E Abdel-Rahman
INTRODUCTION: Echocardiographic (echo) screening has unmasked a high prevalence of subclinical rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in many countries, and it can be used as a surveillance tool to control the disease. METHODS: School children of 10 to 15 years of age were selected in two areas of Sudan, Khartoum, the capital, and Niyala in western Sudan. Echo screening using a hand-held echo (HHE) was conducted in Khartoum using a three-view protocol, and in Niyala, a one-view protocol, both modified from the World Heart Federation protocol...
April 16, 2018: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Ives Valenzuela, Madeleine D Hunter, Kathryn Sundheim, Bradley Klein, Lauren Dunn, Robert Sorabella, Sang M Han, Joshua Willey, Isaac George, Jose Gutierrez
BACKGROUND: Stroke as a complication of infective endocarditis portends a poor prognosis, yet risk factors for stroke subtype have not been well defined. AIM: To identify risk factors associated with ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. METHODS: A retrospective patient chart review was performed at a single U.S. academic center to identify risk factors and imaging for patients 18 years or older with infectious endocarditis and stroke diagnoses...
May 9, 2018: Internal Medicine Journal
Fei-Fei Zhao, Yang Lu, Hui Ye, Ce-Jun Zhong, Liang Huang, Xiao-Ju Lü
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical characteristics of infective endocarditis (IE) in culture-positive patients,so as to provide the evidences for reasonable diagnosis and treatment of IE. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 157 culture-positive IE cases,which were diagnosed according to modified Duke criteria for IE from Jan. 2008 to Aug. 2015. RESULTS: The average age of 157 cases of IE was 40.85 years. One hundred and one patients (64...
January 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Joselyn Rwebembera, William Manyilirah, Zhang Wan Zhu, Juliet Nabbaale, Judith Namuyonga, Isaac Ssinabulya, Sulaiman Lubega, Peter Lwabi, John Omagino, Emmy Okello
BACKGROUND: Although rheumatic heart disease remains the leading cause of valve heart disease (VHD) in developing countries, other forms of valve disease have been over shadowed and not regarded as a public health problem. However, several facts suggest that the role of non-rheumatic VHD as a significant cardiovascular disease should be reconsidered. We aimed to assess the prevalence and characteristics of different forms of primary left sided valve diseases from a series of 15,009 echocardiographic studies...
May 4, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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