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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708063/observations-on-race-and-racism-in-greece
#1
Ageliki Lefkaditou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705692/how-early-do-social-determinants-of-health-begin-to-operate-results-from-the-fragile-families-and-child-wellbeing-study
#2
Anao Zhang, Yolanda C Padilla, Yeonwoo Kim
From a life course perspective, important insights about how social determinants of health operate can be gained by analyzing the various forms that social climate can take in different life periods. For children, a critical aspect of social climate is exposure to bullying. Bullying can serve as a proxy for power imbalance and social exclusion analogous to adult social climate of discrimination and racism. We used the Year 9 follow-up data of the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N=3301) that, for the first time included interviews with the children...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704590/the-influence-of-democratic-racism-in-nursing-inquiry
#3
Carla T Hilario, Annette J Browne, Alysha McFadden
Neoliberal ideology and exclusionary policies based on racialized identities characterize the current contexts in North America and Western Europe. Nursing knowledge cannot be abstracted from social, political and historical contexts; the task of examining the influence of race and racial ideologies on disciplinary knowledge and inquiry therefore remains an important task. Contemporary analyses of the role and responsibility of the discipline in addressing race-based health and social inequities as a focus of nursing inquiry remain underdeveloped...
July 13, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697777/enhancing-the-use-of-research-in-health-promoting-anti-racism-policy
#4
Angeline S Ferdinand, Yin Paradies, Margaret Kelaher
BACKGROUND: The Localities Embracing and Accepting Diversity (LEAD) programme was established to improve the health of ethnic minority communities through the reduction of racial discrimination. Local governments in the state of Victoria, Australia, were at the forefront of LEAD implementation in collaboration with leading state and national organisations. Key aims included expanding the available evidence regarding effective anti-racism interventions and facilitating the uptake of this evidence in organisational policies and practices...
July 11, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696942/race-and-racism-in-france
#5
Evelyne Heyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689630/using-a-structural-competency-framework-to-teach-structural-racism-in-pre-health-education
#6
Jonathan M Metzl, JuLeigh Petty, Oluwatunmise V Olowojoba
The inclusion of structural competency training in pre-health undergraduate programs may offer significant benefits to future healthcare professionals. This paper presents the results of a comparative study of an interdisciplinary pre-health curriculum based in structural competency with a traditional premedical curriculum. The authors describe the interdisciplinary pre-health curriculum, titled Medicine, Health, and Society (MHS) at Vanderbilt University. The authors then use a new survey tool, the Structural Foundations of Health Survey, to evaluate structural skills and sensibilities...
June 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685947/drawing-on-antiracist-approaches-toward-a-critical-antidiscriminatory-pedagogy-for-nursing
#7
Amélie Blanchet Garneau, Annette J Browne, Colleen Varcoe
Although nursing has a unique contribution to advancing social justice in health care practices and education, and although social justice has been claimed as a core value of nursing, there is little guidance regarding how to enact social justice in nursing practice and education. In this paper, we propose a critical antidiscriminatory pedagogy (CADP) for nursing as a promising path in this direction. We argue that because discrimination is inherent to the production and maintenance of inequities and injustices, adopting a CADP offers opportunities for students and practicing nurses to develop their capacity to counteract racism and other forms of individual and systemic discrimination in health care, and thus promote social justice...
July 7, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677545/offline-racism-the-pathology-we-choose-to-ignore
#8
Richard Horton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673295/the-impact-of-racial-discrimination-on-the-health-of-australian-indigenous-children-aged-5-10%C3%A2-years-analysis-of-national-longitudinal-data
#9
Carrington C J Shepherd, Jianghong Li, Matthew N Cooper, Katrina D Hopkins, Brad M Farrant
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature highlights that racial discrimination has negative impacts on child health, although most studies have been limited to an examination of direct forms of racism using cross-sectional data. We aim to provide further insights on the impact of early exposure to racism on child health using longitudinal data among Indigenous children in Australia and multiple indicators of racial discrimination. METHODS: We used data on 1239 Indigenous children aged 5-10 years from Waves 1-6 (2008-2013) of Footprints in Time, a longitudinal study of Indigenous children across Australia...
July 3, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671234/racism-white-privilege-and-diversity-in-mental-health
#10
EDITORIAL
Mona Shattell, Paula J Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661960/longitudinal-study-of-the-influence-of-lung-function-on-vascular-health-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood-in-a-british-multiethnic-cohort
#11
Yao Lu, Lum Sooky, Maria João Silva, Oarabile R Molaodi, Alexis Karamanos, J Kennedy Cruickshank, Seeromanie Harding
BACKGROUND: Vascular and lung function develop and decline over the life course; both predict cardiovascular events and mortality but little is known of how they develop over time. We analysed their relationship in a multiethnic cohort study to test whether lung function from early adolescence to young adulthood affected vascular indices. METHODS: 'DASH' (http://dash.sphsu.mrc.ac.uk) included 6643 children aged 11-13 years in 2003; a representative 10% sample (n = 665) participated in a pilot follow-up in 2013...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661296/applying-an-equity-lens-to-the-child-care-setting
#12
Krista Scott, Anna Ayers Looby, Janie Simms Hipp, Natasha Frost
In the current landscape, child care is increasingly being seen as a place for early education, and systems are largely bundling child care in the Early Care and Education sphere through funding and quality measures. As states define school readiness and quality, they often miss critical elements, such as equitable access to quality and cultural traditions. This article provides a summary of the various definitions and structures of child care. It also discusses how the current child care policy conversation can and ought to be infused with a framework grounded in the context of institutional racism and trauma...
March 2017: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640664/%C3%A2-somos-iguales-using-a-structural-violence-framework-to-understand-gender-and-health-inequities-from-an-intersectional-perspective-in-the-peruvian-amazon
#13
Geordan D Shannon, Angelica Motta, Carlos F Cáceres, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Diana Bowie, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: In the Peruvian Amazon, historical events of colonization and political marginalization intersect with identities of ethnicity, class and geography in the construction of gender and health inequities. Gender-based inequalities can manifest in poor health outcomes via discriminatory practices, healthcare system imbalances, inequities in health research, and differential exposures and vulnerabilities to diseases. Structural violence is a comprehensive framework to explain the mechanisms by which social forces such as poverty, racism and gender inequity become embodied as individual experiences and health outcomes, and thus may be a useful tool in structuring an intersectional analysis of gender and health inequities in Amazonian Peru...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635029/coping-with-racism-moderators-of-the-discrimination-adjustment-link-among-mexican-origin-adolescents
#14
Irene J K Park, Lijuan Wang, David R Williams, Margarita Alegría
What strategies help ethnic minority adolescents to cope with racism? The present study addressed this question by testing the role of ethnic identity, social support, and anger expression and suppression as moderators of the discrimination-adjustment link among 269 Mexican-origin adolescents (Mage  = 14.1 years), 12-17 years old from the Midwestern U.S. Results from multilevel moderation analyses indicated that ethnic identity, social support, and anger suppression, respectively, significantly attenuated the relations between discrimination and adjustment problems, whereas outward anger expression exacerbated these relations...
June 21, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610847/-application-of-the-cultural-competence-model-in-the-experience-of-care-in-nursing-professionals-primary-care
#15
María Dolores Gil Estevan, María Del Carmen Solano Ruíz
OBJECTIVE: To know the experiences and perceptions of nurses in providing care and health promotion, women belonging to groups at risk of social vulnerability, applying the model of cultural competence Purnell. DESIGN: Phenomenological qualitative study. LOCATION: Department of Health Elda. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 22 primary care professional volunteers. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews and focus groups with recording and content analysis, according to the theory model of cultural competence...
June 10, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610435/access-and-engagement-in-hiv-care-among-a-national-cohort-of-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada
#16
Nadine Kronfli, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Ying Wang, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Angela Kaida, Carmen Logie, Tracey Conway, V Logan Kennedy, Ann Burchell, Wangari Tharao, Neora Pick, Mary Kestler, Paul Sereda, Mona Loutfy, On Behalf Of The Chiwos Research Team
Attrition along the cascade of HIV care poses significant barriers to attaining the UNAIDS targets of 90-90-90 and achieving optimal treatment outcomes for people living with HIV. Understanding the correlates of attrition is critical and particularly for women living with HIV (WLWH) as gender disparities along the cascade have been found. We measured the proportion of the 1425 WLWH enrolled in the Canadian HIV Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Cohort Study (CHIWOS) who had never accessed HIV medical care, who reported delayed linkage into HIV care (>3 months between diagnosis and initial care linkage), and who were not engaged in HIV care at interview (<1 visit in prior year)...
June 13, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604021/still-i-rise-the-need-for-self-validation-and-self-care-in-the-midst-of-adversities-faced-by-black-women-with-hiv
#17
Sannisha K Dale, Catherine Pierre-Louis, Laura M Bogart, Conall O'Cleirigh, Steven A Safren
OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial factors of trauma and abuse, racial discrimination, HIV stigma, and gender-related stressors (e.g., prioritizing others' needs) have been associated with antiretroviral treatment (ART) nonadherence and poor viral suppression among Black women living with HIV (BWLWH). To inform the development of an intervention addressing these psychosocial factors to improve ART adherence, the authors sought the insight of BWLWH. METHOD: Qualitative semistructured interviews were conducted with 30 BWLWH to gather information on their experiences with trauma, racism, HIV stigma, gender-related stressors, ART adherence, and coping strategies, and their insights on the proposed intervention...
June 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602358/institutional-racism-in-public-health-contracting-findings-of-a-nationwide-survey-from-new-zealand
#18
H Came, C Doole, B McKenna, T McCreanor
Public institutions within New Zealand have long been accused of mono-culturalism and institutional racism. This study sought to identify inconsistencies and bias by comparing government funded contracting processes for Māori public health providers (n = 60) with those of generic providers (n = 90). Qualitative and quantitative data were collected (November 2014-May 2015), through a nationwide telephone survey of public health providers, achieving a 75% response rate. Descriptive statistical analyses were applied to quantitative responses and an inductive approach was taken to analyse data from open-ended responses in the survey domains of relationships with portfolio contract managers, contracting and funding...
June 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579093/the-enduring-impact-of-historical-and-structural-racism-on-urban-violence-in-philadelphia
#19
Sara F Jacoby, Beidi Dong, Jessica H Beard, Douglas J Wiebe, Christopher N Morrison
Public health approaches to crime and injury prevention are increasingly focused on the physical places and environments where violence is concentrated. In this study, our aim is to explore the association between historic place-based racial discrimination captured in the 1937 Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) map of Philadelphia and present-day violent crime and firearm injuries. The creators of the 1937 HOLC map zoned Philadelphia based in a hierarchical system wherein first-grade and green color zones were used to indicate areas desirable for government-backed mortgage lending and economic development, a second-grade or blue zone for areas that were already developed and stable, a third-grade or yellow zone for areas with evidence of decline and influx of a "low grade population," and fourth-grade or red zone for areas with dilapidated or informal housing and an "undesirable population" of predominately Black residents...
May 19, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573643/neighborhood-disadvantage-residential-segregation-and-beyond-lessons-for-studying-structural-racism-and-health
#20
Alicia R Riley
A recent surge of interest in identifying the health effects of structural racism has coincided with the ongoing attention to neighborhood effects in both epidemiology and sociology. Mindful of these currents in the literature, it makes sense that we are seeing an emergent tendency in health disparities research to operationalize structural racism as either neighborhood disadvantage or racial residential segregation. This review essay synthesizes findings on the relevance of neighborhood disadvantage and residential segregation to the study of structural racism and health...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
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