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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672152/islamophobia-health-and-public-health-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
Goleen Samari, Héctor E Alcalá, Mienah Zulfacar Sharif
BACKGROUND: In 2017, a "Muslim ban" on immigrants to the United States was coupled with a continued rise in Islamophobia and hate crimes toward Muslims. Islamophobia undermines health equity, yet delineating the effects of Islamophobia globally is challenging as it affects a myriad of groups (geographically, racially, and socially). Additionally, stereotypes equate all Muslims with populations from the Middle East and South Asia. To date, health research pays insufficient attention to Islamophobia, Muslims, and those racialized to be Muslim...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672081/transgender-people-of-color-s-experiences-of-sexual-objectification-locating-sexual-objectification-within-a-matrix-of-domination
#2
Mirella J Flores, Laurel B Watson, Luke R Allen, Mudiwa Ford, Christine R Serpe, Ping Ying Choo, Michelle Farrell
The purpose of this grounded theory study was to investigate transgender people of color's (TPOC's) sexual objectification experiences (SOEs). Fifteen TPOC were interviewed about their experiences with sexual objectification. Using intersectionality and objectification theories as our research paradigms, results suggested that participants' SOEs were shaped by the intersections of cissexism, sexism, and racism, and that participants experienced various levels of privilege and oppression based on their specific identities...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669484/reframing-masculinity-structural-vulnerability-and-hiv-among-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-women
#3
Sonja Mackenzie
This paper calls for a critical reframing of masculinity as an intersectional construct in the HIV epidemic and in public health. In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with a sample of 56 Black men who have sex with men and women in the San Francisco Bay Area. Men described their sexual identities and practices via complex narratives of masculinity that drew on subordinated and resourceful adaptations to the structural effects of racism, economic marginalisation and homophobia. By focusing on men whose experience of masculinity operates outside fixed identity categories, the paper draws attention to the intersectionality that is, by necessity, constitutive of men's lived experiences...
April 19, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659482/educational-attainment-and-smoking-status-in-a-national-sample-of-american-adults-evidence-for-the-blacks-diminished-return
#4
Shervin Assari, Ritesh Mistry
BACKGROUND: Although higher socioeconomic status (SES) indicators such as educational attainment are linked with health behaviors, the Blacks’ Diminished Return theory posits that the protective effects of SES are systemically smaller for Blacks than Whites. AIMS: To explore the Black/White differences in the association between education and smoking. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) 2017 ( n = 3217)...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659347/social-justice-at-the-core-of-breastfeeding-protection-promotion-and-support-a-conceptualization
#5
Paige Hall Smith
Despite widespread awareness of the health benefits for both mothers and babies we are far from achieving universal breastfeeding. Breastfeeding rates globally are lower than recommended levels and there are concerns that some global breastfeeding efforts have stalled (1, 2). In addition, we see persistent disparities in breastfeeding rates by race, ethnicity, class and status (3). A growing literature documents how a range of injustices, including gender inequality (7), racism (8), poverty (9), and violence (10, 11) shape whether, how exclusive, and for how long mothers and others will be able to breastfeed or feed their infants human milk...
May 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659346/-metoo-against-racism
#6
Camara Phyllis Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618275/experiences-of-nigerian-internationally-educated-nurses-transitioning-to-united-states-health-care-settings
#7
Kechinyere C Iheduru-Anderson, Monika M Wahi
INTRODUCTION: Successful transition to practice of internationally educated nurses (IENs) can critically affect quality of care. The aim of this study was to characterize the facilitators and barriers to transition of Nigerian IENs (NIENs) to the United States health care setting. METHOD: Using a descriptive phenomenology approach, 6 NIENs were interviewed about their transitional experiences in the United States. Thematic methods were used for data analysis. RESULTS: The three major themes identified from the participants' stories were "fear/anger and disappointment" (FAD), "road/journey to success/overcoming challenges" (RJO), and "moving forward" (MF)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616572/science-reflects-history-as-society-influences-science-brief-history-of-race-race-correction-and-the-spirometer
#8
Heidi L Lujan, Stephen E DiCarlo
Spirometers are used globally to diagnose respiratory diseases, and most commercially available spirometers "correct" for race. "Race correction" is built into the software of spirometers. To evaluate pulmonary function and to make recordings, the operator must enter the subject's race. In fact, the Joint Working Party of the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society recommends the use of race- and ethnic-specific reference values. In the United States, spirometers apply correction factors of 10-15% for individuals labeled "Black" and 4-6% for people labeled "Asian...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614234/naming-institutionalized-racism-in-the-public-health-literature-a-systematic-literature-review
#9
Rachel R Hardeman, Katy A Murphy, J'Mag Karbeah, Katy Backes Kozhimannil
OBJECTIVES: Although a range of factors shapes health and well-being, institutionalized racism (societal allocation of privilege based on race) plays an important role in generating inequities by race. The goal of this analysis was to review the contemporary peer-reviewed public health literature from 2002-2015 to determine whether the concept of institutionalized racism was named (ie, explicitly mentioned) and whether it was a core concept in the article. METHODS: We used a systematic literature review methodology to find articles from the top 50 highest-impact journals in each of 6 categories (249 journals in total) that most closely represented the public health field, were published during 2002-2015, were US focused, were indexed in PubMed/MEDLINE and/or Ovid/MEDLINE, and mentioned terms relating to institutionalized racism in their titles or abstracts...
January 1, 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608325/discrimination-harassment-and-gendered-health-inequalities-do-perceptions-of-workplace-mistreatment-contribute-to-the-gender-gap-in-self-reported-health
#10
Catherine E Harnois, João L Bastos
This study examines the extent to which discrimination and harassment contribute to gendered health disparities. Analyzing data from the 2006, 2010, and 2014 General Social Surveys ( N = 3,724), we ask the following: (1) To what extent are perceptions of workplace gender discrimination and sexual harassment associated with self-reported mental and physical health? (2) How do multiple forms of workplace mistreatment (e.g., racism, ageism, and sexism) combine to structure workers' self-assessed health? and (3) To what extent do perceptions of mistreatment contribute to the gender gap in self-assessed health? Multivariate analyses show that among women, but not men, perceptions of workplace gender discrimination are negatively associated with poor mental health, and perceptions of sexual harassment are associated with poor physical health...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608087/raising-voices-a-commentary-on-say-their-names-by-sandhira-wijayaratne
#11
Tanya M White-Davis, Kathryn Fraser, David D Henderson
Comments on a poem by Sandhira Wijayaratne (see record 2018-12809-007). This poem uses the power of language to speak to the consequences of silence and complacency and points to the role of healers in the social narrative. In his work, Wijayaratne highlights the structural and systemic racism that plagues our nation today, and affects our work as healthcare providers. "Say Their Names" represents a timely contribution to this field and echoes much of the current national discourse around racial oppression...
March 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605054/investigating-black-white-disparities-in-gynecologic-oncology-theories-conceptual-models-and-applications
#12
REVIEW
Kemi M Doll
Within gynecologic oncology are two of the top five widest Black-White mortality gaps among all cancer diagnoses in the United States. A rich body of work from the social sciences, including anthropology, sociology and social epidemiology, have broadened the understanding of and research approaches to the study of health and healthcare inequity experienced by Black Americans. Yet, these intellectual advancements in understanding are virtually absent from the gynecologic oncology literature. The goal of this analytic essay will be to introduce three current frameworks of studying racial inequity: The Ecosocial Theory of Disease Distribution, The Fundamental Cause Theory, and The Public Health Critical Race Praxis...
April 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600473/psychosocial-stress-and-preterm-birth-the-impact-of-parity-and-race
#13
Sarahn Wheeler, Pamela Maxson, Tracy Truong, Geeta Swamy
Objectives Studies examining risk factors for preterm birth (PTB) such as psychosocial stress are often focused on women with a history of PTB; however, most preterm babies are born to women with no history of preterm birth. Our objective was to determine if the relationship between psychosocial stress and PTB is altered by parity. Non-Hispanic black (NHB) women have increased psychosocial stress and PTB; therefore, we further aimed to determine if race alters the relationship between psychosocial stress, parity, and PTB...
March 29, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595440/measuring-patient-experiences-is-it-meaningful-and-actionable
#14
Sabrina T Wong, Sharon Johnston, Fred Burge, Kim McGrail, William Hogg
Performance measurement must be meaningful to those being asked to contribute data and to the clinicians who are collecting the information. It must be actionable if performance measurement and reporting is to influence health system transformation. To date, measuring patient experiences in all parts of the healthcare system in Canada lags behind other countries. More attention needs to be paid to capturing patients with complex intersecting health and social problems that result from inequitable distribution of wealth and/or underlying structural inequities related to systemic issues such as racism and discrimination, colonialism and patriarchy...
October 2017: HealthcarePapers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580443/the-relationship-between-structural-racism-and-black-white-disparities-in-fatal-police-shootings-at-the-state-level
#15
Aldina Mesic, Lydia Franklin, Alev Cansever, Fiona Potter, Anika Sharma, Anita Knopov, Michael Siegel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to discern the relationship between state-level structural racism and Black-White disparities in police shootings of victims not known to be armed. METHODS: Using a Poisson regression, we evaluated the effect of structural racism on differences between states in Black-White disparities in fatal police shootings involving victims not known to be armed during the period from January 1, 2013 through June 30, 2017. We created a state racism index, which was comprised of five dimensions: (1) residential segregation; and gaps in (2) incarceration rates; (3) educational attainment; (4) economic indicators; and (5) employment status...
April 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572220/caregiver-experiences-of-racism-and-child-healthcare-utilisation-cross-sectional-analysis-from-new-zealand
#16
Sarah-Jane Paine, Ricci Harris, James Stanley, Donna Cormack
OBJECTIVES: Children's exposure to racism via caregiver experience (vicarious racism) is associated with poorer health and development. However, the relationship with child healthcare utilisation is unknown. We aimed to investigate (1) the prevalence of vicarious racism by child ethnicity; (2) the association between caregiver experiences of racism and child healthcare utilisation; and (3) the contribution of caregiver socioeconomic position and psychological distress to this association...
March 23, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565624/intersectionality-in-psychotherapy-the-experiences-of-an-afrolatinx-queer-immigrant
#17
Hector Y Adames, Nayeli Y Chavez-Dueñas, Shweta Sharma, Martin J La Roche
Culturally responsive and racially conscious psychotherapeutic work requires that therapists recognize the ways clients are impacted by their multiple marginalized identities and by systems of oppression (e.g., racism, ethnocentrism, sexism, heterosexism, and nativism). Attending exclusively to clients' marginalized identities (i.e., weak intersectionality) may drive therapists to only focus on internal, subjective, and emotional experiences, hence, missing the opportunity to consider and address how multiple sociostructural dimensions (i...
March 2018: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562253/describing-perceived-racial-bias-among-youth-with-sickle-cell-disease
#18
Emily O Wakefield, Ashley Pantaleao, Jill M Popp, Lourdes P Dale, James P Santanelli, Mark D Litt, William T Zempsky
Objectives: Sickle cell disease (SCD) predominately affects Black Americans. This is the first study of its kind to describe the racial bias experiences of youth with SCD and their reactions to these experiences. Methods: Participants were 20 youth with SCD (ages 13-21 years) who were asked to describe any racial bias events they experienced, as recorded on the Perception of Racism in Children and Youth measure (PRaCY). Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed by two independent raters using a conventional content analysis approach...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557297/-why-even-bother-they-are-not-going-to-do-it-the-structural-roots-of-racism-and-discrimination-in-lactation-care
#19
Erin V Thomas
Through semi-structured interviews with 36 International Board Certified Lactation Consultants (IBCLCs) who assist mothers with breastfeeding, this study takes a systematic look at breastfeeding disparities. Specifically, this study documents race-based discrimination against patients in the course of lactation care and links the implicit bias literature to breastfeeding disparities. IBCLCs report instances of race-based discrimination against patients such as unequal care provided to patients of color and overt racist remarks said in front of or behind patient's backs...
March 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554440/reducing-indigenous-oral-health-inequalities-a-review-from-5-nations
#20
T Tiwari, L Jamieson, J Broughton, H P Lawrence, T S Batliner, R Arantes, J Albino
Indigenous populations around the world experience a disproportionate burden in terms of oral diseases and conditions. These inequalities are likely due to a complex web of social determinants that includes poverty, historical consequences of colonialism, social exclusion, government policies of assimilation, cultural annihilation, and racism in all its forms (societal, institutional). Despite documented oral health disparities, prevention interventions have been scarce in Indigenous communities. This review describes oral health interventions and their outcomes conducted for Indigenous populations of the United States, Canada, Brazil, Australia, and New Zealand...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
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