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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812287/racial-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-the-usa-testing-the-reverse-racism-hypothesis
#1
Bongki Woo
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether the health disadvantages consequent of racial discrimination experienced by four racial/ethnic minority groups are equivalent with that of the dominant racial group. METHOD: Data was derived from the 2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Logistic regression and heterogeneous choice models were used to test the moderating role of race/ethnicity in regards to the associations between racial discrimination and ten DSM-V diagnoses...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812096/perceived-racism-and-incident-diabetes-in-the-black-women-s-health-study
#2
Kathryn L Bacon, Sherri O Stuver, Yvette C Cozier, Julie R Palmer, Lynn Rosenberg, Edward A Ruiz-Narváez
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to assess the association of perceived racism with type 2 diabetes, and the possible mediating influence of diet and BMI. METHODS: The Black Women's Health Study, a follow-up of 59,000 African-American women, began in 1995. Over 16 years 5344 incident cases of diabetes occurred during 576,577 person-years. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimated HRs and 95% CIs for categories of 'everyday racism' (interpersonal racism in daily life) and 'lifetime racism' (reporting ever treated unfairly due to race with respect to police, housing or work) and incident type 2 diabetes...
August 15, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805946/racial-entanglements-and-sociological-confusions-repudiating-the-rehabilitation-of-integration
#3
Sivamohan Valluvan
In line with the broader nationalist advances currently remaking the Western political landscape, the concept of integration has witnessed a marked rehabilitation. Whilst many influential critiques of the sociology of integration are already available, this article contests the concept's renewed purchase through addressing its own internal incoherence. Based on research in Stockholm, this critique concerns the relationship between ethnic identity and cultural integration. It will be argued that integration and the production of difference are intertwined, entangled dualities, and far from being a benign entanglement, this duality is premised on the force and reach of everyday civic racisms...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760333/-we-black-women-have-to-kill-a-lion-everyday-an-intersectional-analysis-of-racism-and-social-determinants-of-health-in-brazil
#4
Vijaya K Hogan, Edna M de Araujo, Kia L Caldwell, Sarah N Gonzalez-Nahm, Kristin Z Black
The concept of intersectionality has been used to analyze and understand how multiple forms of identity and oppression interact to shape life experiences of marginalized groups. We conducted a qualitative study to explore how Black Brazilian women experience the intersections of race, class, and gender and the ways in which these intersecting experiences act as social determinants of health. Nine focus groups were conducted with Black, White, and mixed-race women of childbearing age (n = 37), social and health activists (n = 11), and health professionals (n = 20)...
July 14, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760002/measuring-racial-microaggression-in-medical-practice
#5
Amanda Lee Almond
The purpose of this study was to validate the already existing Racial Microaggression in Counseling Scale (RMCS) when the term 'therapist' was replaced with 'physician', thus constituting the modification as the Racial Microaggression in Medical Practice Scale (RMMPS). Racial microaggressions work at reinforcing inferior social status on a cognitive level. Unlike overt racism, messages behind microaggression are subtler and more every day. A lack of acceptance, respect, and regard emerges from interactions in medical contexts as there are layers of in-group and out-group statuses at play (e...
August 1, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742569/the-need-for-anti-racism-training-in-medical-school-curricula
#6
N Jia Ahmad, Marc Shi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731440/challenges-and-considerations-related-to-studying-dementia-in-african-americans
#7
Eseosa T Ighodaro, Peter T Nelson, Walter A Kukull, Frederick A Schmitt, Erin L Abner, Allison Caban-Holt, Shoshana H Bardach, Derrick C Hord, Crystal M Glover, Gregory A Jicha, Linda J Van Eldik, Alexander X Byrd, Anita Fernander
Blacks/African Americans have been reported to be ∼2-4 times more likely to develop clinical Alzheimer's disease (AD) compared to Whites. Unfortunately, study design challenges (e.g., recruitment bias), racism, mistrust of healthcare providers and biomedical researchers, confounders related to socioeconomic status, and other sources of bias are often ignored when interpreting differences in human subjects categorized by race. Failure to account for these factors can lead to misinterpretation of results, reification of race as biology, discrimination, and missed or delayed diagnoses...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708063/observations-on-race-and-racism-in-greece
#8
Ageliki Lefkaditou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705692/how-early-do-social-determinants-of-health-begin-to-operate-results-from-the-fragile-families-and-child-wellbeing-study
#9
Anao Zhang, Yolanda C Padilla, Yeonwoo Kim
From a life course perspective, important insights about how social determinants of health operate can be gained by analyzing the various forms that social climate can take in different life periods. For children, a critical aspect of social climate is exposure to bullying. Bullying can serve as a proxy for power imbalance and social exclusion analogous to adult social climate of discrimination and racism. We used the Year 9 follow-up data of the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N=3301) that, for the first time included interviews with the children...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704590/the-influence-of-democratic-racism-in-nursing-inquiry
#10
Carla T Hilario, Annette J Browne, Alysha McFadden
Neoliberal ideology and exclusionary policies based on racialized identities characterize the current contexts in North America and Western Europe. Nursing knowledge cannot be abstracted from social, political and historical contexts; the task of examining the influence of race and racial ideologies on disciplinary knowledge and inquiry therefore remains an important task. Contemporary analyses of the role and responsibility of the discipline in addressing race-based health and social inequities as a focus of nursing inquiry remain underdeveloped...
July 13, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697777/enhancing-the-use-of-research-in-health-promoting-anti-racism-policy
#11
Angeline S Ferdinand, Yin Paradies, Margaret Kelaher
BACKGROUND: The Localities Embracing and Accepting Diversity (LEAD) programme was established to improve the health of ethnic minority communities through the reduction of racial discrimination. Local governments in the state of Victoria, Australia, were at the forefront of LEAD implementation in collaboration with leading state and national organisations. Key aims included expanding the available evidence regarding effective anti-racism interventions and facilitating the uptake of this evidence in organisational policies and practices...
July 11, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696942/race-and-racism-in-france
#12
Evelyne Heyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689630/using-a-structural-competency-framework-to-teach-structural-racism-in-pre-health-education
#13
Jonathan M Metzl, JuLeigh Petty, Oluwatunmise V Olowojoba
The inclusion of structural competency training in pre-health undergraduate programs may offer significant benefits to future healthcare professionals. This paper presents the results of a comparative study of an interdisciplinary pre-health curriculum based in structural competency with a traditional premedical curriculum. The authors describe the interdisciplinary pre-health curriculum, titled Medicine, Health, and Society (MHS) at Vanderbilt University. The authors then use a new survey tool, the Structural Foundations of Health Survey, to evaluate structural skills and sensibilities...
June 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685947/drawing-on-antiracist-approaches-toward-a-critical-antidiscriminatory-pedagogy-for-nursing
#14
Amélie Blanchet Garneau, Annette J Browne, Colleen Varcoe
Although nursing has a unique contribution to advancing social justice in health care practices and education, and although social justice has been claimed as a core value of nursing, there is little guidance regarding how to enact social justice in nursing practice and education. In this paper, we propose a critical antidiscriminatory pedagogy (CADP) for nursing as a promising path in this direction. We argue that because discrimination is inherent to the production and maintenance of inequities and injustices, adopting a CADP offers opportunities for students and practicing nurses to develop their capacity to counteract racism and other forms of individual and systemic discrimination in health care, and thus promote social justice...
July 7, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677545/offline-racism-the-pathology-we-choose-to-ignore
#15
Richard Horton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673295/the-impact-of-racial-discrimination-on-the-health-of-australian-indigenous-children-aged-5-10%C3%A2-years-analysis-of-national-longitudinal-data
#16
Carrington C J Shepherd, Jianghong Li, Matthew N Cooper, Katrina D Hopkins, Brad M Farrant
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature highlights that racial discrimination has negative impacts on child health, although most studies have been limited to an examination of direct forms of racism using cross-sectional data. We aim to provide further insights on the impact of early exposure to racism on child health using longitudinal data among Indigenous children in Australia and multiple indicators of racial discrimination. METHODS: We used data on 1239 Indigenous children aged 5-10 years from Waves 1-6 (2008-2013) of Footprints in Time, a longitudinal study of Indigenous children across Australia...
July 3, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671234/racism-white-privilege-and-diversity-in-mental-health
#17
EDITORIAL
Mona Shattell, Paula J Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661960/longitudinal-study-of-the-influence-of-lung-function-on-vascular-health-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood-in-a-british-multiethnic-cohort
#18
Yao Lu, Lum Sooky, Maria João Silva, Oarabile R Molaodi, Alexis Karamanos, J Kennedy Cruickshank, Seeromanie Harding
BACKGROUND: Vascular and lung function develop and decline over the life course; both predict cardiovascular events and mortality but little is known of how they develop over time. We analysed their relationship in a multiethnic cohort study to test whether lung function from early adolescence to young adulthood affected vascular indices. METHODS: 'DASH' (http://dash.sphsu.mrc.ac.uk) included 6643 children aged 11-13 years in 2003; a representative 10% sample (n = 665) participated in a pilot follow-up in 2013...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661296/applying-an-equity-lens-to-the-child-care-setting
#19
Krista Scott, Anna Ayers Looby, Janie Simms Hipp, Natasha Frost
In the current landscape, child care is increasingly being seen as a place for early education, and systems are largely bundling child care in the Early Care and Education sphere through funding and quality measures. As states define school readiness and quality, they often miss critical elements, such as equitable access to quality and cultural traditions. This article provides a summary of the various definitions and structures of child care. It also discusses how the current child care policy conversation can and ought to be infused with a framework grounded in the context of institutional racism and trauma...
March 2017: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640664/%C3%A2-somos-iguales-using-a-structural-violence-framework-to-understand-gender-and-health-inequities-from-an-intersectional-perspective-in-the-peruvian-amazon
#20
Geordan D Shannon, Angelica Motta, Carlos F Cáceres, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Diana Bowie, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: In the Peruvian Amazon, historical events of colonization and political marginalization intersect with identities of ethnicity, class and geography in the construction of gender and health inequities. Gender-based inequalities can manifest in poor health outcomes via discriminatory practices, healthcare system imbalances, inequities in health research, and differential exposures and vulnerabilities to diseases. Structural violence is a comprehensive framework to explain the mechanisms by which social forces such as poverty, racism and gender inequity become embodied as individual experiences and health outcomes, and thus may be a useful tool in structuring an intersectional analysis of gender and health inequities in Amazonian Peru...
January 2017: Global Health Action
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