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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928771/healthcare-providers-formative-experiences-with-race-and-black-male-patients-in-urban-hospital-environments
#1
Marie V Plaisime, David J Malebranche, Andrea L Davis, Jennifer A Taylor
OBJECTIVE: We explored health providers' formative personal and professional experiences with race and Black men as a way to assess their potential influence on interactions with Black male patients. METHODS: Utilizing convenience sampling with snowballing techniques, we identified healthcare providers in two urban university hospitals. We compared Black and White providers' experiences based on race and level of training. We used the Gardener's Tale to conceptualize how racism may lead to racial health disparities...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926804/the-impact-of-racism-and-midwifery-s-lack-of-racial-diversity-a-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Jyesha Wren Serbin, Elizabeth Donnelly
INTRODUCTION: The United States is increasingly racially diverse. Racial disparities in maternal-child health persist. Despite national calls for workforce diversification, more than 90% of certified nurse-midwives are white. This systematic review examines how racism and midwifery's lack of racial diversity impact both midwives and their patients. METHODS: Databases were searched in January 2016 for studies that explored 1) racially concordant or racially discordant maternity care provided, at least in part, by midwives; 2) women of color's experience of race and discrimination in maternity care provided, at least in part, by midwives; and 3) midwives of color's experience of race and discrimination in clinical, educational, and/or professional settings...
November 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914479/race-trouble-experiences-of-black-medical-specialist-trainees-in-south-africa
#3
Nicola Thackwell, Leslie Swartz, Sipho Dlamini, Lebogang Phahladira, Rudzani Muloiwa, Bonginkosi Chiliza
BACKGROUND: This research aimed to identify and explore the experiences of Black registrars in their training in the Western Cape's academic hospitals in order to identify structures, practices, attitudes and ideologies that may promote or impede the advancement of Black doctors into specialist medicine. This is justified by the requirement for universities to work towards monitoring and evaluating efforts to create non-discriminatory and inclusive training environments. METHODS: This study employed qualitative research methods...
December 3, 2016: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912859/alienation-and-alterity-age-in-the-existentialist-discourse-on-others
#4
Harm-Peer Zimmermann
Aging Studies and Postcolonial Studies belong together in a rather fundamental way, given that they share profound theoretical roots and far-reaching critical perspectives. These derive not only from the more recent poststructuralist discourse on others but also, further back, from the existentialist discourse on others - particularly in issues relating to "The Look" as elaborated by Jean-Paul Sartre in his major philosophical treatise Being and Nothingness and in his reflections on racism, colonialism and humanism...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905237/combating-racism-in-the-nhs
#5
Erin Dean
Essential facts Black and minority ethnic (BME) nurses working in health are still treated unequally compared with their white colleagues.
December 1, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902132/tackling-racism-in-the-nhs
#6
Erin Dean
Essential facts Trade union Unite has developed a policy briefing on a new toolkit to combat racism in the NHS. It can help nurses and other staff tackle racial discrimination in health, with black and minority ethnic (BME) nurses often treated unequally compared with their white colleagues.
November 30, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893238/does-anger-regulation-mediate-the-discrimination-mental-health-link-among-mexican-origin-adolescents-a-longitudinal-mediation-analysis-using-multilevel-modeling
#7
Irene J K Park, Lijuan Wang, David R Williams, Margarita Alegría
Although prior research has consistently documented the association between racial/ethnic discrimination and poor mental health outcomes, the mechanisms that underlie this link are still unclear. The present 3-wave longitudinal study tested the mediating role of anger regulation in the discrimination-mental health link among 269 Mexican-origin adolescents (Mage = 14.1 years, SD = 1.6; 57% girls), 12 to 17 years old. Three competing anger regulation variables were tested as potential mediators: outward anger expression, anger suppression, and anger control...
November 28, 2016: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892696/looking-like-a-smoker-a-smokescreen-to-racism-m%C3%A4-ori-perceived-appearance-linked-to-smoking-status
#8
E Muriwai, C A Houkamau, C G Sibley
OBJECTIVES: Māori, the indigenous peoples of Aotearoa (New Zealand), continue to exhibit the highest rate of smoking of any ethnic group in the nation. Clarifying the present day factors which perpetuate Māori smoking has become matter of some urgency. DESIGN: We investigate links between subjective elements of Māori identity, demographic factors and perceived discrimination with smoking status in a national probability sample of self-identified Māori (N = 667)...
November 28, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890032/ageism-we-are-our-own-worst-enemy
#9
Kerry Sargent-Cox
In 1969, Butler (1969) first coined the term "ageism" to confront "prejudice by one age group toward other age groups" (pp. 243). As with other "isms," such as racism and sexism, ageism leads to bigotry and discrimination, though it is a very distinct beast in that, for the most part, other "isms" refer to those different from ourselves: distinct, mutually exclusive, and impervious groups. Conversely, age is a fluid social construct in which we are all intimately bound as we move through the lifespan, transitioning in and out of different age-groups...
November 28, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885963/coping-with-discrimination-among-hiv-positive-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#10
Laura M Bogart, Sannisha K Dale, Jana Christian, Kinjal Patel, Gary K Daffin, Kenneth H Mayer, David W Pantalone
In the USA, HIV-positive Black men who have sex with men show large disparities in disease outcomes compared to other racial/ethnic and risk groups. This study examined the strategies that HIV-positive Black men who have sex with men use to cope with different types of discrimination. A total of 27 HIV-positive Black men who have sex with men participated in semi-structured interviews, which were transcribed verbatim and coded using thematic analysis by multiple raters. Major coping themes included reactive avoidance (using behaviours, cognitions and emotions to escape from discrimination), a common reaction to racism; proactive avoidance (avoiding situations in which discrimination is anticipated), manifested as selective disclosure of HIV-serostatus; external attribution for discrimination (versus self-blame), used more for sexual orientation and HIV discrimination; and social support-seeking, which most often emerged in response to racism...
November 25, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882861/status-report-public-health-2016-time-for-a-cultural-shift-in-the-field-of-public-health
#11
E Rm Mallach, T Ferrao, R MacLean, S Fl Kirk
Public Health 2016, the Canadian Public Health Association's annual conference, was held from June 13 to 16, 2016, in Toronto, Canada, and showcased a wide variety of public health issues that fostered considerable discussion at the conference and on social media. The four plenary sessions, while on seemingly disparate topics including technology, violence prevention, racism and harm reduction, all revealed the need for a cultural shift in the field of public health that acknowledges and addresses the broader inequities that influence the health and well-being of populations...
November 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846805/developing-cultural-competence-in-general-practitioners-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#12
Kelly Watt, Penny Abbott, Jenny Reath
BACKGROUND: Cultural competence is a broad concept with multiple theoretical underpinnings and conflicting opinions on how it should be materialized. While it is recognized that cultural competence should be an integral part of General Practice, literature in the context of General Practice is limited. The aim of this article is to provide a comprehensive summary of the current literature with respect to the following: the elements of cultural competency that need to be fostered and developed in GPs and GP registrars; how is cultural competence being developed in General Practice currently; and who facilitates the development of cultural competence in General Practice...
November 15, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823103/student-life-stamping-out-negative-views
#13
Kathy Oxtoby
Racism can be a major issue for black and minority ethnic (BME) nursing students, says Wendy Irwin, the RCN's diversity and equalities coordinator.
October 5, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821702/minority-stress-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-atlanta
#14
Rob Stephenson, Catherine Finneran
Intimate partner violence (IPV) rates are disproportionately high among sexual minority populations. Few studies have examined the plausible relationship between minority stress and IPV among men who have sex with men. This study examines the associations between IPV and three indicators of minority stress: internalized homophobia, sexuality-based discrimination, and racism, in a large venue-based sample of gay and bisexual men from Atlanta, USA. Each of the minority stress measures was found to be significantly associated with increased odds of self-reporting any form of receipt of IPV...
November 7, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817088/the-elephant-in-the-room-talking-race-in-medical-education
#15
Malika Sharma, Ayelet Kuper
The deaths of black men and women while in police custody, rising anti-immigrant sentiment and rhetoric in high-income countries, and the continued health disparities experienced by Indigenous communities globally have brought race and racism to the forefront of public discourse in recent years. In a context where academic health science centres are increasingly called to be "socially accountable," ignoring the larger social context of race and racism is something that medical education institutions can little afford to do...
November 5, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805745/ethnocentrism-and-racism-in-nursing-reflections-on-the-brexit-vote
#16
EDITORIAL
Helen Allan
Now that the dust after the Brexit vote is beginning to settle, it seems timely to consider how the debates on the UK's exit from the European Union are linked to issues around overseas educated nurse migration to the UK. And to consider how the consequences of Brexit might shape nursing in the UK and our relationships with our European nursing colleagues. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
November 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769226/the-effectiveness-of-a-housing-first-adaptation-for-ethnic-minority-groups-findings-of-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Vicky Stergiopoulos, Agnes Gozdzik, Vachan Misir, Anna Skosireva, Aseefa Sarang, Jo Connelly, Adam Whisler, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effectiveness of Housing First (HF) among ethnic minority groups, despite its growing popularity for homeless adults experiencing mental illness. This randomized controlled trial tests the effectiveness of a HF program using rent supplements and intensive case management, enhanced by anti-racism and anti-oppression practices for homeless adults with mental illness from diverse ethnic minority backgrounds. METHODS: This unblinded pragmatic field trial was carried out in community settings in Toronto, Canada...
October 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764969/-yarning-up-with-koori-kids-hearing-the-voices-of-australian-urban-indigenous-children-about-their-health-and-well-being
#18
Naomi Priest, Laura Thompson, Tamara Mackean, Alison Baker, Elizabeth Waters
OBJECTIVE: Australian Indigenous children experience some of the most substantial health inequalities globally. In this context, research regarding their health and well-being has overemphasised physical illnesses with limited exploration of a diverse range of dimensions and determinants, particularly those based on Indigenous holistic understandings of health and well-being. This deficit-based approach has thus missed many strengths and assets of Indigenous children. This research aimed to gain insight into the perspectives of Indigenous children about their health and well-being in an urban setting in Australia...
October 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763464/the-social-context-of-substance-use-and-perceived-risk-among-rhode-island-urban-minority-adolescents
#19
Shaniece Criss, Dahiana Rodriguez, Roberta E Goldman
Our qualitative study examined how stresses of daily life affected substance use and perceived risk among Black and Hispanic adolescents. We conducted 11 focus groups with students aged 13-25 in public and alternative schools in Providence, Rhode Island, using Bourdieu's Social Practice theoretical approach to guide questioning and data analysis. Despite participants' frequent marijuana use, they perceived the emphasis society places on substance use as misguided, obfuscating the persistence of more critical problems such as stress and reduced opportunity resulting from neighborhood violence, poor schools, financial difficulties, and home troubles...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763440/racism-and-oral-health-outcomes-among-pregnant-canadian-aboriginal-women
#20
Herenia P Lawrence, Jaime Cidro, Sonia Isaac-Mann, Sabrina Peressini, Marion Maar, Robert J Schroth, Janet N Gordon, Laurie Hoffman-Goetz, John R Broughton, Lisa Jamieson
This study assessed links between racism and oral health outcomes among pregnant Canadian Aboriginal women. Baseline data were analyzed for 541 First Nations (94.6%) and Métis (5.4%) women in an early childhood caries preventive trial conducted in urban and on-reserve communities in Ontario and Manitoba. One-third of participants experienced racism in the past year determined by the Measure of Indigenous Racism Experience. In logistic regressions, outcomes significantly associated with incidents of racism included: wearing dentures, off-reserve dental care, asked to pay for dental services, perceived need for preventive care, flossing more than once daily, having fewer than 21 natural teeth, fear of going to dentist, never received orthodontic treatment and perceived impact of oral conditions on quality of life...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
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