keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Racism

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448892/examining-the-role-of-racism-in-the-risky-alcohol-use-behaviors-of-black-female-college-students
#1
Delishia M Pittman, Paramjit Kaur
OBJECTIVE: This study explores the impact racism has on the drinking behaviors of Black college women. Little is known about Black college women's experience of racism and the impact racism has on their psychological wellbeing and drinking behaviors. The current study fills a gap in our understanding of the role racism plays in the risky drinking behavior of Black college women. PARTICIPANTS: 469 Black college women ages 18-29 were sampled from 8 colleges and universities across the US, in 3 waves from December 2014-August 2017...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447448/gendered-racism-and-the-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-black-and-latina-women
#2
Lisa Rosenthal, Marci Lobel
OBJECTIVE: To understand health disparities, it is important to use an intersectional framework that examines unique experiences of oppression faced by particular groups due to their intersecting identities and social positions linked to societal structures. We focus on Black and Latina women and their experiences with 'gendered racism' - unique forms of oppression due to the intersection of race/ethnicity and gender - to foster understanding of disparities between Black and Latina versus White women in sexual and reproductive health outcomes in the U...
February 15, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442406/supporting-youth-wellbeing-with-a-focus-on-eating-well-and-being-active-views-from-an-aboriginal-community-deliberative-forum
#3
Jackie Street, Heather Cox, Edilene Lopes, Jessie Motlik, Lisa Hanson
OBJECTIVE: Including and prioritising community voice in policy development means policy is more likely to reflect community values and priorities. This project trialled and evaluated a storyboard approach in a deliberative community forum to engage Australian Aboriginal people in health policy priority setting. METHODS: The forum was co-constructed with two Aboriginal community-controlled organisations. A circle storyboard was used to centre Aboriginal community knowledge and values and encourage the group to engage with broader perspectives and evidence...
February 14, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435898/experiences-of-racism-and-breastfeeding-initiation-and-duration-among-first-time-mothers-of-the-black-women-s-health-study
#4
Michele K Griswold, Sybil L Crawford, Donna J Perry, Sharina D Person, Lynn Rosenberg, Yvette C Cozier, Julie R Palmer
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding rates are lower for black women in the USA compared with other groups. Breastfeeding and lactation are sensitive time points in the life course, centering breastfeeding as a health equity issue. In the USA, experiences of racism have been linked to poor health outcomes but racism relative to breastfeeding has not been extensively investigated. AIMS: This study aims to investigate the association between experiences of racism, neighborhood segregation, and nativity with breastfeeding initiation and duration...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412260/liberating-the-people-from-their-loathsome-practices-public-health-and-silent-racism-in-post-revolutionary-bolivia
#5
Nicole L Pacino
After the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario (MNR) took power in the 1952 National Revolution, the party expanded rural public health programs to address what early twentieth-century elites called the "Indian problem:" the idea that indigenous culture was an impediment to Bolivia's modernization. After 1952, the MNR used public health as a project of cultural assimilation, and state-sponsored health programs sought to culturally whiten the population by transforming personal habits. This essay analyzes the language with which health workers discussed the indigenous population to show that despite the regime's intention to move away from defining the rural population on racial terms, medical and political elites continued to define indigenous customs as an obstacle to progress and a remnant of an antiquated past...
October 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392872/transformative-effects-of-aboriginal-health-placements-for-medical-nursing-and-allied-health-students-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Helena McDonald, Jennifer Browne, Julia Perruzza, Ruby Svarc, Corinne Davis, Karen Adams, Claire Palermo
The aim of the present systematic review was to investigate whether placements in Aboriginal health affect the self-perceived skill in working in Aboriginal health settings and career aspirations of health students, and in particular, aspects of the placement that had the greatest impact. The Embase, Cinahl, ProQuest, Scopus, Informit, Ovid MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and PubMed databases were searched in April/May 2016. Placements of at least 1 week duration in an Aboriginal health setting involving Australian students of medical, nursing, dentistry, or allied health disciplines, with outcomes relating to changes in students' knowledge, attitudes, and/or career aspirations, were included...
February 2, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389152/developmental-and-contextual-correlates-of-mental-health-and-help-seeking-among-asian-american-college-students
#7
Pratyusha Tummala-Narra, Zhushan Li, Janet Chang, Eun Jeong Yang, Jing Jiang, Michael Sagherian, Jenny Phan, Alyssa Alfonso
Guided by an integrative contextual framework of immigrant youth development (García Coll & Marks, 2012), this study investigated the potential role of developmental (e.g., ethnic identity) and contextual factors (e.g., perceived discrimination, stereotyping) in mental health outcomes and help-seeking attitudes, and variations across gender and nativity among Asian American college students. Online surveys assessing perceived subtle and blatant racism, ethnic identity, the internalization of the model minority stereotype, depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and attitudes toward seeking help from mental health professionals were administered to Asian American college student participants (n = 465) from diverse ethnic backgrounds and geographic regions in the United States...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366345/perceptions-and-experiences-regarding-the-impact-of-race-on-the-quality-of-healthcare-in-southeast-brazil-a-qualitative-study
#8
Aneela Chauhan, Gilles de Wildt, Marcos da Cunha Lopes Virmond, Derek Kyte, Noemi Garcia de Almeida Galan, Renata Bilion Ruiz Prado, Vidya Shyam-Sundar
OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of race on the quality of healthcare received by patients attending a primary care centre in Brazil. DESIGN: This was a qualitative study consisting of 19 semi-structured interviews conducted on patients from six racial groups (as defined in Brazil as white, yellow, brown, black and indigenous and one self-identified 'other' group). The interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Four main themes were identified during analysis; factors affecting the access to healthcare, experiences regarding quality of healthcare, discrimination in healthcare and deep-rooted societal discrimination, which were categorised into a number of sub-themes...
January 24, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364959/the-influence-of-racism-on-cigarette-smoking-longitudinal-study-of-young-people-in-a-british-multiethnic-cohort
#9
Ursula M Read, Alexis Karamanos, Maria João Silva, Oarabile R Molaodi, Zinat E Enayat, Aidan Cassidy, J Kennedy Cruickshank, Seeromanie Harding
INTRODUCTION: Studies, predominantly from the US, suggest that positive parenting, social support, academic achievement, and ethnic identity may buffer the impact of racism on health behaviours, including smoking, but little is known about how such effects might operate for ethnically diverse young people in the United Kingdom. We use the Determinants of young Adult Social well-being and Health (DASH), the largest UK longitudinal study of ethnically diverse young people, to address the following questions: a) Is racism associated with smoking? b) Does the relationship between racism and smoking vary by gender and by ethnicity? (c) Do religious involvement, parenting style and relationship with parents modify any observed relationship? and d) What are the qualitative experiences of racism and how might family or religion buffer the impact? METHODS: The cohort was recruited from 51 London schools...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356653/racial-discrimination-and-depression-among-on-reserve-first-nations-people-in-rural-saskatchewan
#10
Bonnie Janzen, Chandima Karunanayake, Donna Rennie, Tarun Katapally, Roland Dyck, Kathleen McMullin, Mark Fenton, Laurie Jimmy, Judy MacDonald, Vivian R Ramsden, James Dosman, Sylvia Abonyi, Punam Pahwa
OBJECTIVES: To determine among rural-dwelling on-reserve Saskatchewan First Nations people whether racial discrimination is associated with depression, and in turn, if this relationship is moderated by gender. METHODS: As a component of a community-based participatory research project, a cross-sectional, interviewer-administered survey of 874 adults living on 2 Cree First Nation reserves in rural north-central Saskatchewan was conducted during May-August in 2012 and 2013...
January 22, 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355028/impact-of-change-over-time-in-self-reported-discrimination-on-blood-pressure-implications-for-inequities-in-cardiovascular-risk-for-a-multi-racial-urban-community
#11
Alana M W LeBrón, Amy J Schulz, Graciela Mentz, Angela G Reyes, Cindy Gamboa, Barbara A Israel, Edna A Viruell-Fuentes, James S House
OBJECTIVES: The 21st century has seen a rise in racism and xenophobia in the United States. Few studies have examined the health implications of heightened institutional and interpersonal racism. This study examines changes in reported discrimination and associations with blood pressure over time among non-Latino Blacks (NLBs), Latinos, and non-Latino Whites (NLWs) in an urban area, and variations by nativity among Latinos. DESIGN: Data from a probability sample of NLB, Latino, and NLW Detroit, Michigan residents were collected in 2002-2003, with follow-up at the same addresses in 2007-2008...
January 21, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349217/the-mothers-on-respect-mor-index-measuring-quality-safety-and-human-rights-in-childbirth
#12
Saraswathi Vedam, Kathrin Stoll, Nicholas Rubashkin, Kelsey Martin, Zoe Miller-Vedam, Hermine Hayes-Klein, Ganga Jolicoeur
Background: Abuse of human rights in childbirth are documented in low, middle and high resource countries. A systematic review across 34 countries by the WHO Research Group on the Treatment of Women During Childbirth concluded that there is no consensus at a global level on how disrespectful maternity care is measured. In British Columbia, a community-led participatory action research team developed a survey tool that assesses women's experiences with maternity care, including disrespect and discrimination...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340517/-indigenous-peoples-hiv-and-public-policy-in-latin-america-an-exploration-of-the-current-situations-of-epidemiological-prevalence-prevention-care-and-timely-treatment
#13
Patricia Ponce, Rubén Muñoz, Matías Stival
This article aims to describe and analyze the situations of epidemiological prevalence, prevention, care and treatment of HIV in indigenous populations of Latin America. In order to do so, 304 published materials - including declarations, public policy and health program protocols, case studies and literature reviews with local, national and regional scopes - were identified, classified and analyzed. The differential social vulnerability to HIV infection and the inequity in health care access among indigenous populations can be attributed to the juxtaposition of factors such as structural violence, gender, racism, and discrimination due health condition (living with HIV) as well as the subordinated position of indigenous peoples in societies stratified not only socially and economically but also ethnically and culturally...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325397/unequal-gain-of-equal-resources-across-racial-groups
#14
Shervin Assari
The health effects of economic resources (eg, education, employment, and living place) and psychological assets (eg, self-efficacy, perceived control over life, anger control, and emotions) are well-known. This article summarizes the results of a growing body of evidence documenting Blacks' diminished return, defined as a systematically smaller health gain from economic resources and psychological assets for Blacks in comparison to Whites. Due to structural barriers that Blacks face in their daily lives, the very same resources and assets generate smaller health gain for Blacks compared to Whites...
August 5, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324613/racial-disparities-in-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-and-psychosocial-stress
#15
William A Grobman, Corette B Parker, Marian Willinger, Deborah A Wing, Robert M Silver, Ronald J Wapner, Hyagriv N Simhan, Samuel Parry, Brian M Mercer, David M Haas, Alan M Peaceman, Shannon Hunter, Pathik Wadhwa, Michal A Elovitz, Tatiana Foroud, George Saade, Uma M Reddy
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationships between self-reported psychosocial stress and preterm birth, hypertensive disease of pregnancy, and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) birth and to assess the extent to which these relationships account for racial and ethnic disparities in these adverse outcomes. METHODS: Self-reported measures of psychosocial stress (perceived stress, depression, racism, anxiety, resilience, and social support) were collected during pregnancy among a racially and ethnically diverse cohort of women enrolled in a prospective observational study of nulliparous women with singleton pregnancies, from eight clinical sites across the United States, between October 2010 and May 2014...
February 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308731/respect-and-racism
#16
Patti Ludwig-Beymer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278249/governing-the-resilience-of-neoliberalism-through-biopolitics
#17
Luca Mavelli
Neoliberalism is widely regarded as the main culprit for the 2007/2008 global financial crisis. However, despite this abysmal failure, neoliberalism has not merely survived the crisis, but actually 'thrived'. How is it possible to account for the resilience of neoliberalism? Existing scholarship has answered this question either by focusing on the distinctive qualities of neoliberalism (such as adaptability, internal coherence and capacity to incorporate dissent) or on the biopolitical capacity of neoliberalism to produce resilient subjects...
September 2017: Eur J Int Relat
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273655/politics-policies-and-processes-a-multidisciplinary-and-multimethods-research-programme-on-policies-on-the-social-determinants-of-health-inequity-in-australia
#18
Fran Baum, Sharon Friel
INTRODUCTION: The development and implementation of multisectoral policy to improve health and reduce health inequities has been slow and uneven. Evidence is largely focused on the facts of health inequities rather than understanding the political and policy processes. This 5-year funded programme of research investigates how these processes could function more effectively to improve equitable population health. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The programme of work is organised in four work packages using four themes (macroeconomics and infrastructure, land use and urban environments, health systems and racism) related to the structural drivers shaping the distribution of power, money and resources and daily living conditions...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261827/from-cultural-to-structural-competency-training-psychiatry-residents-to-act-on-social-determinants-of-health-and-institutional-racism
#19
Helena Hansen, Joel Braslow, Robert M Rohrbaugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249281/psychosocial-resilience-and-vulnerability-in-western-australian-aboriginal-youth
#20
Katrina D Hopkins, Catherine L Taylor, Stephen R Zubrick
Resilience is defined as a dynamic and contextually embedded process of positive development despite exposure to significant adversity. The Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population experience significant disadvantage and adversity relative to the non-Aboriginal population, with disproportionate and increasing rates of Aboriginal children in out-of-home care and substantiated child maltreatment seven times the rates for non-Aboriginal children. Despite decades of resilience research there remains a gap in our understanding of the extent to which specific mechanisms and processes support resilient outcomes...
December 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
keyword
keyword
2365
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"