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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921481/negative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-three-cases-of-anterior-tibial-cortex-stress-fractures
#1
Ralph Smith, M Moghal, J L Newton, N Jones, J Teh
Anterior mid-tibial cortex stress fractures (ATCSF) are uncommon and notoriously challenging to treat. They are termed high risk due to their predilection to prolonged recovery, nonunion and complete fracture. Early diagnosis is essential to avoid progression and reduce fracture complications. Imaging plays a key role in confirming the diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is accepted as the gold standard modality due to its high accuracy and nonionizing properties. This report describes three cases of ATCSFs in recreational athletes who had positive radiographic findings with no significant MRI changes...
September 18, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921041/stabilization-of-scaphoid-type-b2-fractures-with-one-or-two-headless-compression-screws
#2
S Quadlbauer, T Beer, Ch Pezzei, J Jurkowitsch, A Tichy, T Hausner, M Leixnering
INTRODUCTION: Fractures of the scaphoid account for the most commonly injured carpal bone. Minimally displaced fractures of the waist will heal in 85-90% when using a below elbow cast. However, fractures with displacement have a higher risk for nonunion. Therefore, open reduction and fixation with headless compression screws (HCS) have become the preferred method of treatment. The aim of this study was to compare the radiological and clinical outcome of unstable scaphoid B2 type fractures, stabilized using one or two headless compression screws...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917547/growth-of-the-new-thumb-metacarpal-after-pollicization-for-thumb-hypoplasia
#3
Michael A Tonkin, Nathan D Trist, Dirk J van der Spuy, Albert Yoon, Harvinder P Singh, Richard D Lawson
PURPOSE: To investigate the radiographic length and width of the new thumb metacarpal in relation to the middle finger proximal phalanx; to assess the incidence of premature physeal closure of the new metacarpal; and to consider whether there is a relationship between growth characteristics and the presence of union or nonunion of the new trapezium to the retained index finger metacarpal base. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty pollicizations were assessed with preoperative or immediate postoperative radiographs and follow-up radiographs to establish the growth characteristics of the new thumb metacarpal...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913378/first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-arthrodesis-a-retrospective-comparison-of-crossed-screws-locking-and-non-locking-plate-fixation-with-lag-screw
#4
Leif Claassen, Christian Plaass, Marc-Frederic Pastor, Sarah Ettinger, Mathias Wellmann, Christina Stukenborg-Colsman, Hazibullah Waizy, Sayyed Hadi Sayyed Hosseinian
BACKGROUND: Locking plate fixation is increasingly used for first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP-I) arthrodesis. There are still few comparable clinical data regarding this procedure. In this study we aimed to compare the clinical and radiographical outcomes of crossed-screws, locking and non-locking plate fixation with lag screw for first metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis. METHODS: A total of 60 patients who had undergone arthrodesis of the MTP-I between January 2008 and June 2010 were retrospectively evaluated...
July 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906587/vascularized-thumb-metacarpal-periosteal-pedicled-flap-for-scaphoid-nonunion-an-anatomical-study-and-pediatric-case-report
#5
Sergi Barrera-Ochoa, Gerardo Mendez-Sanchez, Alfonso Rodriguez-Baeza, Jorge Knörr, Jayme Augusto Bertelli, Francisco Soldado
PURPOSE: Through an anatomical review, the primary aim of this study was to delineate the dorsal thumb metacarpal (TM) periosteal branches of the radial artery (RA). In addition, we report here the clinical utility of a vascularized TM periosteal pedicled flap (VTMPF), supplied by the first dorsal metacarpal artery (FDMA), in a complex case of scaphoid nonunion. METHODS: Ten latex-colored upper limbs from fresh human cadavers were used. Branches of the RA were dissected under 3x loupe magnification, noting the periosteal branches arising from the FDMA...
September 14, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905221/comparison-between-percutaneous-and-open-reduction-for-treating-paediatric-talar-neck-fractures
#6
Xu Zhang, Xinzhong Shao, Yadong Yu, Yingzhe Zhang, Guizheng Zhang, Dehu Tian
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to introduce percutaneous reduction and fixation of paediatric talar neck fractures. The study also included a comparison between the technique and the conventional open surgery. METHODS: From October 2003 to May 2013, 23 children (group A) with closed two-part talar neck fractures were treated with percutaneous reduction. For comparison, another group of 26 children (group B) were treated with the conventional open surgery...
September 13, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900671/-wrist-arthrodesis-with-a%C3%A2-fixed-angle-low-profile-fusion-plate-without-carpometacarpal-joint-fixation
#7
REVIEW
S Köhler, K Koch, A Arsalan-Werner, I M Mehling, J Seegmüller, H Krimmer, Michael Sauerbier
OBJECTIVE: Total wrist arthrodesis to improve functional use of the hand by reducing pain and increasing grip strength. INDICATIONS: Painful destruction of the radio- and midcarpal joints. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Analgesia and satisfactory hand function after motion-preserving surgical or conservative treatment. Chronic joint infection. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Posterior approach to the wrist. Removal of articular surfaces destroyed all the way down to cancellous bone...
September 12, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900294/timing-for-surgical-stabilization-with-k-wires-after-open-fractures-of-proximal-and-middle-phalangeal-shaft
#8
Yanchun Gao, Qiyang Wang, Hongyi Zhu, Zhengyu Xu
The optimal timing for surgical stabilization after open fractures of proximal and middle phalangeal shaft remained unclear. Total 147 patients with single open fracture in proximal or middle phalangeal shaft (arrived within 8 hours) who received K-wire fixation from June 2012 to June 2015 were included for analysis. The timing for surgical stabilization of fractures (immediate or delayed) was decided according to the surgeons' preferences. The Michigan hand outcomes questionnaire (MHQ) scores, grip strength and total active motion (TAM) one year after the initial surgery were similar between the two groups...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898793/displaced-acromion-fracture-a-rare-injury-case-report
#9
Özgür Çiçekli, Abdülhalim Akar, Hüseyin Nevzat Topçu
INTRODUCTION: Acromion fractures are extremely rare. There are no common accepted treatment schemes and fixation methods We aimed to present a case which may contribute to the diagnosis and treatment of acromion fracture in a patient with polytrauma. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Acromion fracture associated with scapula and clavicle fractures was diagnosed in 40 years old patient and treated with open reduction and cannulated screw fixation. The fracture healing was completed without causing subacromial impingement...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894680/multi-rod-constructs-can-prevent-rod-breakage-and-pseudarthrosis-at-the-lumbosacral-junction-in-adult-spinal-deformity
#10
Robert K Merrill, Jun S Kim, Dante M Leven, Joung Heon Kim, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine if patients fused with multi-rod constructs to the pelvis have a lower incidence of lumbosacral rod failure and pseudarthrosis than those fused with dual-rod constructs. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of consecutive adult spinal deformity patients who underwent long fusion to the pelvis. Inclusion criteria were >5 levels, primary fusion or revision for L5-S1 pseudarthrosis, and minimum 1-year follow-up...
September 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893146/diagnosis-and-management-of-hook-of-hamate-fractures
#11
Assaf Kadar, Allen T Bishop, Marissa A Suchyta, Steven L Moran
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the time to diagnosis and management of hook of hamate fractures in an era of advanced imaging. We performed a retrospective study of 51 patients treated for hook of hamate fractures. Patients were sent a quickDASH questionnaire regarding the outcomes of their treatment. Hook of hamate fractures were diagnosed with advanced imaging at a median of 27 days. Clinical findings of hook of hamate tenderness had better sensitivity than carpal tunnel-view radiographs. Nonunion occurred in 24% of patients with non-operative treatment and did not occur in the operative group...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893145/non-vascularized-iliac-bone-grafting-for-scaphoid-nonunion-with-avascular-necrosis
#12
Jihyeung Kim, Jin Woo Park, Jeehyeok Chung, Kee Jeong Bae, Hyun Sik Gong, Goo Hyun Baek
We present the surgical outcomes of non-vascularized bone grafting taken from the iliac crest in 24 patients with scaphoid nonunion and avascular necrosis. The Fisk-Fernandez technique was used in 11 patients, and cancellous bone grafting was used in 13 patients. Bony union was achieved in 22 of the 24 patients. Non-vascularized iliac bone grafting can be used for the surgical management of scaphoid nonunion with avascular necrosis. Although revascularization of the proximal fragment after surgery was not evaluated, bony union was confirmed in nearly all patients...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889934/working-length-and-proximal-screw-constructs-in-plate-osteosynthesis-of-distal-femur-fractures
#13
William H Harvin, Lasun O Oladeji, Gregory J Della Rocca, Yvonne M Murtha, David A Volgas, James P Stannard, Brett D Crist
BACKGROUND: The study purpose is to evaluate the working length, proximal screw density, and diaphyseal fixation mode and the correlation to fracture union after locking plate osteosynthesis of distal femoral fractures using bridge-plating technique. METHODS: A four-year retrospective review was performed to identify patients undergoing operative fixation of distal femur fractures with a distal femoral locking plate using bridge-plating technique for the metadiaphyseal region...
September 1, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888525/clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-following-radioscapholunate-fusion
#14
David Montoya-Faivre, Germain Pomares, Valentin Calafat, François Dap, Gilles Dautel
INTRODUCTION: Radioscapholunate (RSL) fusion is typically performed following wrist trauma. It addresses the pain caused by radiocarpal osteoarthritis but reduces the wrist's mobility. The objective of this study was to determine the long-term clinical and radiological outcomes of this procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all wrists operated for RSL fusion in our surgery unit over a 12-year period. The clinical analysis consisted of joint amplitudes, grip strength, pain (VAS) and functional scores (PRWE, QuickDash, Mayo Wrist Score)...
September 6, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888404/expert-tibial-nails-for-treating-distal-tibial-fractures-with%C3%A2-soft%C3%A2-tissue%C3%A2-damage-a-patient-series
#15
Zhenhai Wang, Yiheng Cheng, Dajiang Xin, Tong Liu, Wenqing Qu, Dan Wang, Yong Zhao, Jingjing Zhao
Distal tibial fractures with soft tissue damage are relatively difficult to treat. We assessed the outcomes of patients with these fractures treated with Expert Tibial Nails(®) (DePuy Synthes, Raynham, MA) from March 2012 to December 2014. At 6 months postoperatively, the general health quality of patients was assessed using operative time, interval to return to work, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle scale score, pain measured using a visual analog scale, and short-form health outcomes 36-item survey physical functioning and mental health dimension scores...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882346/current-evidence-regarding-the-treatment-of-pediatric-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-report-from-the-scoliosis-research-society-evidence-based-medicine-committee
#16
Charles H Crawford, A Noelle Larson, Marilyn Gates, R Shay Bess, Tenner J Guillaume, Han Jo Kim, Matthew E Oetgen, Charles G Ledonio, James Sanders, Douglas C Burton
STUDY DESIGN: Structured literature review. OBJECTIVES: The Scoliosis Research Society requested an assessment of the current state of peer-reviewed evidence regarding pediatric lumbar spondylolisthesis to identify what is known and what research remains essential to further understanding. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pediatric lumbar spondylolisthesis is common, yet no formal synthesis of the published literature regarding treatment has been previously performed...
September 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870304/the-effect-of-opioids-alcohol-and-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-on-fracture-union
#17
REVIEW
Christopher J Richards, Kenneth W Graf, Rakesh P Mashru
The estimated rate of fracture nonunion is between 5% and 10%, adding significant cost to the health care system. The cause of fracture nonunion is multifactorial, including the severity of the injury, patient factors resulting in aberrancies in the biology of fracture, and the side effects of pain control modalities. Minimizing surgeon-controlled factors causing nonunion is important to reduce the cost of health care and improve patient outcomes. Opioids, alcohol, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs have been implicated as risk factors for fracture nonunion...
October 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868203/titanium-versus-polyetheretherketone-implants-for-vertebral-body-replacement-in-the-treatment-of-77-thoracolumbar-spinal-fractures
#18
Rafael Augusto Castro Santiago Brandão, Warley Carvalho da Silva Martins, Aluízio Augusto Arantes, Sebastião Nataniel Silva Gusmão, Gilles Perrin, Cédric Barrey
BACKGROUND: Titanium and polyetheretherketone (PEEK) implants have been used in spinal surgery with low rejection rates. Compared to titanium, PEEK has many advantages, including a density more similar to that of bone, radiolucency, and a lack of artifacts in computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of PEEK cages as an alternative to titanium for bone fusion after fractures of the thoracolumbar spine. We also propose a classification to the impaction index...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865584/bone-block-arthrodesis-procedure-in-failures-of-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-replacement
#19
Federico Giuseppe Usuelli, Jacopo Tamini, Camilla Maccario, Miriam Grassi, Eric W Tan
BACKGROUND: The treatment for the failure of a first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP1) prosthesis can be complex. There is no consensus regarding the ideal treatment. One of the main issues is the available bone stock after prosthesis removal. The aim of the study was to report the clinical and radiographic results for MTP1 arthrodesis with autologous calcaneus bone graft (bone-block fusion) as a revision procedure of a previous MTP1 implant failure. METHODS: This study included 12 patients diagnosed with failure of a MTP1 prosthesis...
September 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862056/the-use-of-engineered-bilayered-skin-myderm-tm-in-the-management-of-massive-skin-defect-in-grade-iii-gustilo-anderson-open-fracture
#20
Nor Hazla Mohamed Haflah, Min Hwei Ng, Mohd Heikal Mohd Yunus, Amaramalar Selvee Naicker, Ohnmar Htwe, Muhammad Fahmi, Mohamad Fikeri Ishak, Wan Tai Seet, Khairul Anuar Khairoji, Manira Maarof, Kien Hui Chua, Sharen Aini Shamsuddin, Ruszymah Idrus
Open fracture Gustilo-Anderson grade IIIC is associated with higher risk of infection and problems with soft tissue coverage. Various methods have been used for soft tissue coverage in open fractures with large skin defect. We report a case of a patient who had grade IIIC open fracture of the tibia with posterior tibial artery injury. The patient underwent external fixation and reduction. Because of potential compartment syndrome after vascular repair, fasciotomy of the posterior compartment was performed. This wound, however, became infected and because of further debridement, gave rise to a large skin defect...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
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