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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296780/type-iii-monteggia-fracture-with-posterior-interosseous-nerve-injury-in-a-child-a-case-report
#1
Jing Wang, Min Chen, Jiang Du
RATIONALE: Elbow injury in children by improper treatment or a delay of more than 3 weeks could lead to old unreduced Monteggia fracture, which are difficult to manage. Conservative or normal surgical methods usually fail. PATIENT CONCERNS: Herein, we present a 6-year-old boy with sustaining injury approximately 1 month to his left elbow. Activity in his elbow was restricted, and his ability to extend his wrist and fingers was impaired. DIAGNOSES: Type III Monteggia elbow fracture-dislocation consisting of radial head dislocation and malunion of the ulna associated with posterior interosseous nerve palsy were confirmed, which requiring surgical treatment...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293302/3-d-computer-modelling-of-malunited-posterior-malleolar-fractures-effect-of-fragment-size-and-offset-on-ankle-stability-contact-pressure-and-pattern
#2
Teresa Alonso-Rasgado, David Jimenez-Cruz, Michael Karski
BACKGROUND: The positioning of the fracture fragment of a posterior malleolus fracture is critical to healing and a successful outcome as malunion of a posterior malleolar fracture, a condition seen in clinical practice, can affect the dynamics of the ankle joint, cause posterolateral rotational subluxation of the talus and ultimately lead to destruction of the joint. Current consensus is to employ anatomic reduction with internal fixation when the fragment size is larger than 25 to 33% of the tibial plafond...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281003/bone-morphogenetic-protein-in-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#3
Gregory W Poorman, Cyrus M Jalai, Anthony Boniello, Nancy Worley, Shearwood McClelland, Peter G Passias
INTRODUCTION: Since its introduction BMP has been utilized in populations with higher rates of malunion, such as adult spinal deformity (ASD) patients. Contradictory conclusions exist in spinal literature regarding the safety and efficacy of the use of BMP in this setting. Previous studies, however, did not distinguish deformity cases from spondylolisthesis or stenosis. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of BMP use in spinal fusion surgery for ASD. METHODS: 166 papers were screened after database search...
March 9, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274009/unstable-distal-radius-fractures-treated-by-volar-locking-anatomical-plates
#4
Anto Jose, Shishir Murugharaj Suranigi, Pascal Noel Deniese, Abey Thomas Babu, Kanagasabai Rengasamy, Syed Najimudeen
INTRODUCTION: Fracture of the distal end of radius represents the most common fracture of the upper extremity accounting for 16-20% of all fractures. Plating is now emerging as the gold standard for management of distal radius fractures due to increased rate of complications such as malunion, subluxation/dislocation of distal radio-ulnar joint or late collapse of fracture. Procedures such as closed reduction and cast immobilization, ligamentotaxis with external fixator and percutaneous pin fixation are no longer acceptable...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273677/-first-results-with-a-resorbable-mgyrezr-compression-screw-in-unstable-scaphoid-fractures-show-extensive-bone-cysts
#5
Reinhard Meier, Martin Panzica
Osteosynthesis with headless compression screws is an established treatment option for unstable scaphoid fractures. Common implants are made of titanium alloy or steel and usually remain in place. Due to implant density and ferromagnetic properties, artefacts are common in postoperative imaging procedures, e.g. MRI. Now resorbable implants made of magnesium alloy (MgYREZr) have become available. They have biomechanical properties equivalent to human bone and may be used as an alternative to the nonresorbable screw systems...
March 8, 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259283/impact-of-distal-ulnar-fracture-malunion-on-distal-radioulnar-joint-instability-a-biomechanical-study-of-the-distal-interosseous-membrane-using-a-cadaver-model
#6
Satoshi Miyamura, Atsuo Shigi, Jirachart Kraisarin, Shohei Omokawa, Tsuyoshi Murase, Hideki Yoshikawa, Hisao Moritomo
PURPOSE: Certain distal ulna fractures may contribute to distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) instability. We hypothesized that residual distal ulna translation could affect DRUJ stability by slackening the distal interosseous membrane (DIOM). We aimed to test this hypothesis in a cadaver model. METHODS: We created an ulnar translated distal ulna fracture model in 6 cadavers. Dorsal and palmar displacements of the ulna relative to the radius were measured and DRUJ instability was staged under the following conditions: (1) 0-, 2-, and 4-mm ulnar translation of the distal ulna with an intact triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) and DIOM; (2) 0-, 2-, and 4-mm translations with TFCC divided and an intact DIOM; and (3) a 0-mm translation with TFCC and DIOM divided...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251456/computer-assisted-oblique-single-cut-rotation-osteotomy-to-reduce-a-multidirectional-tibia-deformity-case-report
#7
J G G Dobbe, K J du Pré, L Blankevoort, G J Streekstra, P Kloen
The correction of multiplanar deformity is challenging. We describe preoperative 3-D planning and treatment of a complex tibia malunion using an oblique single-cut rotation osteotomy to correct deformity parameters in the sagittal, coronal and transverse plane. At 5 years postoperatively, the patient ambulates without pain with a well-aligned leg.
March 1, 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248692/femoral-neck-fractures-in-adults-treated-with-internal-fixation-a-prospective-multicenter-chinese-cohort
#8
Gerard P Slobogean, David J Stockton, Bingfang Zeng, Dong Wang, Bao-Tong Ma, Andrew N Pollak
INTRODUCTION: Although femoral neck fractures in young patients are rare and their complications are well-documented, there is a paucity of data on patient-reported outcomes for this population. The purpose of this study was to describe the quality of life and the effect of clinical complications on the outcomes of young patients with femoral neck fractures in a Chinese cohort. METHODS: In this prospective observational cohort study, patients aged 18 to 55 years admitted to one of three participating trauma hospitals in China for treatment of a femoral neck fracture were recruited...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241902/pediatric-hip-fractures-in-california-results-from-a-community-based-hip-fracture-registry
#9
Heather A Prentice, Elizabeth W Paxton, Jessica J Hunt, Christopher D Grimsrud, Jennifer M Weiss
CONTEXT: Hip fracture registries offer an opportunity to identify and to monitor patients with rare conditions and outcomes, including hip fractures in pediatric patients. OBJECTIVE: To report patient demographics and surgical outcomes of pediatric patients treated surgically for hip fractures in a large integrated health care system. DESIGN: Pediatric patients (< 21 years old at the time of fracture) with hip fractures were identified between 2009 and 2012 using our health care system's hip fracture registry...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241725/-minimally-invasive-tarsal-sinus-incision-combined-with-manipulative-reduction-and-internal-fixation-for-calcaneal-fractures-of-sanders-type%C3%A2-and-%C3%A2
#10
M Chen, K Deng, W H Zeng, J J Zeng, Q S Zhong, Z M Han
Objective: To evaluate the method and curative effect of plate fixation or percutaneous screws for the treatment of calcaneal fractures of Sanders type Ⅱ and Ⅲ via a minimally invasive sinus tarsi incision combined with a variety of manipulative reduction methods. Methods: Twenty-one patients with closed calcaneal fractures treated in the Department of Orthopedics, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from January 2014 to January 2016 were collected. There were 15 men and 6 women, with an average age of 39...
March 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216752/management-of-gustilo-anderson-iii-b-open-tibial-fractures-by-primary-fascio-septo-cutaneous-local-flap-and-primary-fixation-the-fix-and-shift-technique
#11
P R Ramasamy
BACKGROUND: Open fractures of tibia have posed great difficulty in managing both the soft tissue and the skeletal components of the injured limb. Gustilo Anderson III B open tibial fractures are more difficult to manage than I, II, and III A fractures. Stable skeletal fixation with immediate soft tissue cover has been the key to the successful outcome in treating open tibial fractures, in particular, Gustilo Anderson III B types. If the length of the open wound is larger and if the exposed surface of tibial fracture and tibial shaft is greater, then the management becomes still more difficult...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216747/complex-ao-type-c3-distal-femur-fractures-results-after-fixation-with-a-lateral-locked-plate-using-modified-swashbuckler-approach
#12
Anuj Agrawal, Vivek Kiyawat
BACKGROUND: Complex AO type C3 fractures of the distal femur are challenging injuries, fraught with complications such as malunion and stiffness. We prospectively evaluated a consecutive series of patients with complex AO type C3 distal femur fractures to determine the clinicoradiological outcome after fixation with a single locked plate using modified swashbuckler approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 12 patients with C3 type distal femur fractures treated with a lateral locked plate, using a modified swashbuckler approach, were included in the study...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214061/open-physeal-fracture-of-the-distal-phalanx-of-the-hallux-case-study-diagnosis-and-management
#13
Brandon Morris, Scott Mullen, Paul Schroeppel, Bryan Vopat
Open physeal fractures of the distal phalanx of the hallux are the lesser described counterpart to the same fracture of the finger, known by its eponym as a "Seymour fracture". Displaced Salter-Harris phalangeal fractures present with a concomitant nailbed or soft tissue injury. Often these fractures occur in the summer months when open-toe footwear can be worn, however, they may occur indoors as well. Frequently, the injury results from direct axial load of the toe, or "stubbing", which causes the fracture and associated soft tissue injury...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196543/the-3-dimensional-miniplate-is-more-effective-than-the-standard-miniplate-for-the-management-of-mandibular-fractures-a-meta-analysis
#14
Yong Liu, Bo Wei, Yuxiang Li, Dawei Gu, Guochao Yin, Bo Wang, Dehui Xu, Xuebing Zhang, Daliang Kong
PURPOSE: The study aimed to determine the superiority between 3-dimensional (3D) miniplate and standard miniplate for mandibular fractures (MFs) treatment. BACKGROUND: Controversial results on the use of standard miniplate and 3D miniplate have remained for management of MFs. METHODS: Several electronic databases were retrieved up to September 2014 to identify eligible studies. The quality of studies was assessed, and the relative risk (RR) with its corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) was assessed to measure the effect size...
February 14, 2017: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192826/the-management-of-bone-defects-in-periarticular-knee-injuries-a-review-article
#15
Brian Buck, Yvonne M Murtha
Traumatic bone defects of the distal femur and proximal tibia present treatment challenges for the orthopaedic traumatologist. In addition to bone loss, significant soft tissue compromise and cartilage defects leave the patient and surgeon with few reconstructive options for proper long-term joint function. These injuries are often complicated by delayed healing, nonunion, malunion, infection, and poor subjective patient outcomes. There are a variety of clinical problems associated with the treatment of periarticular fractures about the knee...
March 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191366/radiological-and-functional-outcome-of-displaced-colles-fracture-managed-with-closed-reduction-and-percutaneous-pinning-a-prospective-study
#16
Sagar Panthi, Kishor Khatri, Krishna Kharel, Subin Byanjankar, Jay R Sharma, Rahul Shrestha, Raju Vaishya, Amit Kumar Agarwal, Vipul Vijay
BACKGROUND: Displaced Colles' fractures are treated by manipulation and below elbow cast application. Malunion is a common complication, resulting in pain, mid-carpal instability, and post-traumatic arthritis. Fracture stabilization by percutaneous pinning is a simple, minimally invasive technique that helps prevent displacement of the fracture, thereby minimizing complications. This study aims to assess the amount of collapse after closed manipulation and percutaneous pinning with Kirschner wires (K-wires) and its correlation with the functional outcome of the wrist after union...
January 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182170/complications-of-minimally-invasive-percutaneous-plating-for-distal-tibial-fractures
#17
Nasir Muzaffar, Rafiq Bhat, Mohammad Yasin
BACKGROUND: The management of distal tibia fractures continues to remain a source of controversy and debate. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the various complications of minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO) using a locking plate for closed fractures of distal tibia in a retrospective study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients with distal tibial fractures, treated by minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis, were evaluated in a retrospective study...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181465/the-effect-of-ulnar-variance-on-scapholunate-and-capitolunate-angles
#18
Ozgur Tosun, Atilla Hikmet Çilengir, Berna Dirim Mete, Muhsin Engin Uluc, Orhan Oyar, Aliye Tosun
Background Ulnar variance (UV), which is measured using anteroposterior (AP) X-rays, is associated with the development of multiple wrist pathologies. The scapholunate angle (SLA) and capitolunate angle (CLA) are measured using lateral X-rays, and these can be used in the diagnosis of intercalated segmental instability. Purpose To determine the effect of UV on SLA and CLA. Material and Methods A total of 140 patients (73 women, 67 men; mean age, 37.8 ± 14.6 years; 95% confidence interval [CI], 35.4-40...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179058/corrective-osteotomy-is-an-effective-method-of-treating-distal-radius-malunions-with-good-long-term-functional-results
#19
M A M Mulders, P N d'Ailly, B I Cleffken, N W L Schep
INTRODUCTION: Malunion occurs in approximately 23% of non-operatively treated and 11% of operatively treated distal radius fractures. The decision whether to correct a malunion is primarily based on functional impairment and wrist pain. The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term functional outcomes of corrective osteotomies for symptomatic malunited distal radius fractures. METHODS: All consecutive corrective osteotomies of the distal radius performed in one centre between January 2009 and January 2016 were included...
January 31, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158933/interventions-for-treating-simple-bone-cysts-in-the-long-bones-of-children
#20
REVIEW
Jia-Guo Zhao, Jia Wang, Wan-Jie Huang, Peng Zhang, Ning Ding, Jian Shang
BACKGROUND: Simple bone cysts, also known as a unicameral bone cysts or solitary bone cysts, are the most common type of benign bone lesion in growing children. Cysts may lead to repeated pathological fracture (fracture that occurs in an area of bone weakened by a disease process). Occasionally, these fractures may result in symptomatic malunion. The main goals of treatment are to decrease the risk of pathological fracture, enhance cyst healing and resolve pain. Despite the numerous treatment methods that have been used for simple bone cysts in long bones of children, there is no consensus on the best procedure...
February 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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