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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914303/a-necessary-evil-residential-placement-of-people-with-intellectual-disability-among-the-palestinian-minority-in-israel
#1
Kareem Nasser, Dalia Sachs, Amalia Sa'ar
Among the Palestinian minority in Israel, residential placement of people with intellectual disabilities [ID] is relatively new and steadily increasing, but poorly studied. A qualitative design was used to explore the process of residential placement decision by 18 parents of people with ID through semi-structured interviews. Sampling was purposive and data was analyzed thematically. Four main themes emerged representing parents' perceptions and experiences along the placement decision-making process, together indicating an experience of deeply 'conflicted parenting': (a) initial resistance to placement and its perception as abandonment and parental failure; (b) attrition following cumulative difficulties and lack of assistance; (c) resignation and reframing of placement as a necessary evil; (d) relief mixed with guilt, pain, and ambivalence following placement...
November 30, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914239/sixth-graders-in-israel-recount-their-experience-of-verbal-abuse-by-teachers-in-the-classroom
#2
Brenda Geiger
AIM: This study adopts a children's rights perspective stated in Articles 3, 12, 19, 28 of the Convention on the Rights of Children (1989) with the goal of listening to Israeli children articulate their experience of verbal abuse by teachers in 6th grade classrooms METHODS: A purposeful sample of sixty students was individually interviewed and content analysis was performed following Strauss' (1987) constant comparative method. RESULTS: Students reported teachers' yelling, name-calling and put-downs when failing to pay attention, complete their work, or obtain good grades...
November 30, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913980/complete-nucleotide-sequences-and-construction-of-full-length-infectious-cdna-clones-of-cucumber-green-mottle-mosaic-virus-cgmmv-in-a-versatile-newly-developed-binary-vector-including-both-35s-and-t7-promoters
#3
Chan-Hwan Park, Hye-Kyoung Ju, Jae-Yeong Han, Jong-Seo Park, Ik-Hyun Kim, Eun-Young Seo, Jung-Kyu Kim, John Hammond, Hyoun-Sub Lim
Seed-transmitted viruses have caused significant damage to watermelon crops in Korea in recent years, with cucumber green mottle mosaic virus (CGMMV) infection widespread as a result of infected seed lots. To determine the likely origin of CGMMV infection, we collected CGMMV isolates from watermelon and melon fields and generated full-length infectious cDNA clones. The full-length cDNAs were cloned into newly constructed binary vector pJY, which includes both the 35S and T7 promoters for versatile usage (agroinfiltration and in vitro RNA transcription) and a modified hepatitis delta virus ribozyme sequence to precisely cleave RNA transcripts at the 3' end of the tobamovirus genome...
December 2, 2016: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913214/alk-rearranged-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-is-associated-with-a-high-rate-of-venous-thromboembolism
#4
Alona Zer, Mor Moskovitz, David M Hwang, Anat Hershko-Klement, Ludmila Fridel, Grzegorz J Korpanty, Elizabeth Dudnik, Nir Peled, Tzippy Shochat, Natasha B Leighl, Geoffrey Liu, Ronald Feld, Ronald Burkes, Mira Wollner, Ming-Sound Tsao, Frances A Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Patients with lung cancer are at increased risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE), particularly those receiving chemotherapy. It is estimated that 8% to 15% of patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) experience a VTE in the course of their disease. The incidence in patients with specific molecular subtypes of NSCLC is unknown. We undertook this review to determine the incidence of VTE in patients with ALK (anaplastic lymphoma kinase)-rearranged NSCLC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified all patients with ALK-rearranged NSCLC diagnosed and/or treated at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (PM CC) in Canada between July 2012 and January 2015...
October 26, 2016: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912844/heparanase-from-basic-research-to-therapeutic-applications-in-cancer-and-inflammation
#5
Israel Vlodavsky, Preeti Singh, Ilanit Boyango, Lilach Gutter-Kapon, Michael Elkin, Ralph D Sanderson, Neta Ilan
Heparanase, the sole heparan sulfate degrading endoglycosidase, regulates multiple biological activities that enhance tumor growth, angiogenesis and metastasis. Heparanase expression is enhanced in almost all cancers examined including various carcinomas, sarcomas and hematological malignancies. Numerous clinical association studies have consistently demonstrated that upregulation of heparanase expression correlates with increased tumor size, tumor angiogenesis, enhanced metastasis and poor prognosis. In contrast, knockdown of heparanase or treatments of tumor-bearing mice with heparanase-inhibiting compounds, markedly attenuate tumor progression further underscoring the potential of anti-heparanase therapy for multiple types of cancer...
November 2016: Drug Resistance Updates: Reviews and Commentaries in Antimicrobial and Anticancer Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911846/dna-methylome-of-the-20-gigabase-norway-spruce-genome
#6
Israel Ausin, Suhua Feng, Chaowei Yu, Wanlu Liu, Hsuan Yu Kuo, Elise L Jacobsen, Jixian Zhai, Javier Gallego-Bartolome, Lin Wang, Ulrika Egertsdotter, Nathaniel R Street, Steven E Jacobsen, Haifeng Wang
DNA methylation plays important roles in many biological processes, such as silencing of transposable elements, imprinting, and regulating gene expression. Many studies of DNA methylation have shown its essential roles in angiosperms (flowering plants). However, few studies have examined the roles and patterns of DNA methylation in gymnosperms. Here, we present genome-wide high coverage single-base resolution methylation maps of Norway spruce (Picea abies) from both needles and somatic embryogenesis culture cells via whole genome bisulfite sequencing...
November 28, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911041/impact-of-rabies-vaccination-history-on-attainment-of-an-adequate-antibody-titre-among-dogs-tested-for-international-travel-certification-israel-2010-2014
#7
B Yakobson, N Taylor, N Dveres, S Rotblat, Ż Spero, E W Lankau, J Maki
Rabies is endemic in wildlife or domestic carnivore populations globally. Infection of domestic dogs is of particular concern in many areas. In regions where domestic animals are at risk of exposure to rabies virus, dogs should be routinely vaccinated against rabies to protect both pet and human populations. Many countries require demonstration of an adequate level of serum rabies neutralizing antibodies to permit entry of dogs during international travel. We analysed rabies titres of dogs seeking travel certification in Israel to assess demographic and vaccine history factors associated with antibody titres below the acceptable threshold for travel certification...
December 2, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908573/does-the-age-of-a-patient-affect-the-outcome-of-temporomandibular-joint-arthroscopic-surgery
#8
Jungsuk Cho, Howard Israel
PURPOSE: Although temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders encompass all age groups, it is generally considered to affect young to middle-age adults. The aim of this investigation was to study patients who met the criteria for TMJ arthroscopy and to determine whether there was a difference in outcomes between younger and older patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent TMJ operative arthroscopy. The primary variable studied was patient age...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907076/clinical-determinants-of-hiv-1b-between-host-evolution-and-their-association-with-drug-resistance-in-pediatric-patients
#9
Israel Pagán, Patricia Rojas, José Tomás Ramos, África Holguín
Understanding the factors that modulate the evolution of virus populations is essential to design efficient control strategies. Mathematical models predict that factors affecting viral within-host evolution may also determine that at the between-host level. Although HIV-1 within-host evolution has been associated with clinical factors used to monitor AIDS progression, such as patient age, CD4 cells count, viral load, and antiretroviral experience, little is known about the role of these clinical factors in determining between-host HIV-1 evolution...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904962/factors-associated-to-post-operative-nausea-and-vomiting-following-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-a-prospective-study
#10
Assis Filipe Medeiros Albuquerque, Salomão Israel Monteiro Lourenço Queiroz, Adriano Rocha Germano, José Sandro Pereira da Silva
AIM: This study aims to address and assess possible factors associated with nausea and vomiting (NV) following oral and maxillofacial surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective study was carried out in the period from December 2013 to January 2016 targeting all attended cases in that period. For statistical analysis, Pearson chi-square and Fisher tests were used to verify association and ANOVA and Student's t tests to test for significant difference, p was defined as ≤0...
November 30, 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902954/multi-recurrent-invasive-ameloblastoma-a-surgical-challenge
#11
Fatemah Faras, Fawaz Abo-Alhassan, Yona Israël, Barbara Hersant, Jean-Paul Meningaud
INTRODUCTION: Ameloblastomas are rare head and neck tumors, and yet the most common odontogenic neoplasms. They account for 1% and 11% of all head and neck and odontogenic tumors respectively. Embryologically, they originate from remnants of odontogenic epithelium. Their aggressive, destructive nature, as well as their anticipated high rate of recurrence, even after en bloc resection, poses a surgical predicament. PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 56 year-old Asian female with a multi-recurrent invasive ameloblastoma...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902736/provisioning-the-ritual-neolithic-site-of-kfar-hahoresh-israel-at-the-dawn-of-animal-management
#12
Jacqueline S Meier, A Nigel Goring-Morris, Natalie D Munro
It is widely agreed that a pivotal shift from wild animal hunting to herd animal management, at least of goats, began in the southern Levant by the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (10,000-9,500 cal. BP) when evidence of ritual activities flourished in the region. As our knowledge of this critical change grows, sites that represent different functions and multiple time periods are needed to refine the timing, pace and character of changing human-animal relationships within the geographically variable southern Levant...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902403/the-non-canonical-tomato-yellow-leaf-curl-virus-recombinant-that-displaced-its-parental-viruses-in-southern-morocco-exhibits-a-high-selective-advantage-in-experimental-conditions
#13
Zineb Belabess, Michel Peterschmitt, Martine Granier, Abdessalem Tahiri, Abdelali Blenzar, Cica Urbino
Recombination events are frequently inferred from the increasing number of sequenced viral genomes, but their impact on natural viral populations has rarely been evidenced. TYLCV-IS76 is a recombinant (Begomovirus, Geminiviridae) between the Israel strain of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV-IL) and the Spanish strain of Tomato yellow leaf curl Sardinia virus (TYLCSV-ES) that was generated most probably in the late 1990s in Southern Morocco (Souss). Its emergence in the 2000s coincided with the increasing use of resistant tomato cultivars bearing the Ty-1 gene, and led eventually to the entire displacement of both parental viruses in the Souss...
October 14, 2016: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901318/selective-synthesis-of-cyclic-carbonate-by-salalen-aluminum-complexes-and-mechanistic-studies
#14
Mariachiara Cozzolino, Tomer Rosen, Israel Goldberg, Mina Mazzeo, Marina Lamberti
Salalen aluminum complexes were synthesized and used as catalysts in the reactions of CO2 with different epoxides. The reaction of cyclohexene oxide and CO2 was thoroughly investigated. In particular, the effect of the reaction conditions (nature and equivalents of the cocatalyst, CO2 pressure and temperature) and of the ligands (substituents on the ancillary ligand, nature of the labile ligand and nature of the nitrogen donor atoms) on the outcoming of this reaction were studied. The cycloaddition reaction of the CO2 with terminal epoxides, bearing different functional groups, was realized...
November 30, 2016: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901293/live-birth-sex-ratios-and-father-s-geographic-origins-in-jerusalem-1964-1976
#15
J Groeger, M Opler, K Kleinhaus, M C Perrin, R Calderon-Margalit, O Manor, O Paltiel, D Conley, S Harlap, D Malaspina
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether ancestry influenced sex ratios of offspring in a birth cohort before parental antenatal sex selection influenced offspring sex. METHODS: We measured the sex ratio as the percent of males according to countries of birth of paternal and maternal grandfathers in 91,459 live births from 1964 to 1976 in the Jerusalem Perinatal Study. Confidence limits (CI) were computed based on an expected sex ratio of 1.05, which is 51.4% male. RESULTS: Of all live births recorded, 51...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901291/success-rate-of-pneumatic-reduction-of-intussusception-with-and-without-sedation
#16
Oren Feldman, Giora Weiser, Mona Hanna, Ori Devir, Uri Balla, David W Johnson, Eran Kozer, Itai Shavit
BACKGROUND: Pneumatic reduction of ileocolic intussusception is often performed without sedation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the success rate of pneumatic reduction of intussusception with and without sedation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in Israel in two tertiary care centers using a similar protocol for pneumatic reduction of intussusception. In one center, patients had pneumatic reduction of intussusception under propofol-based sedation, while in the other, patients had pneumatic reduction of intussusception without any sedation...
November 30, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900632/breast-conserving-surgery-alone-for-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ-factors-associated-with-increased-risk-of-local-recurrence
#17
Alessandra Mele, Pritesh Mehta, Priscilla J Slanetz, Alexander Brook, Abram Recht, Ranjna Sharma
PURPOSE: This retrospective study was aimed at identifying clinicopathologic characteristics associated with an increased risk for ipsilateral local recurrence (LR) in patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) treated with wide local excision (WLE) alone without radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: All patients with DCIS treated with WLE alone at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA, between the years 2000 and 2010 were identified. We collected data on demographics, parity, personal or family history of breast cancer, exogenous hormone use, tobacco use, comorbidities, genetic mutation carrier status, imaging interval, and tumor-specific characteristics...
November 29, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898743/the-effects-of-either-a-mirror-internal-or-external-focus-instructions-on-single-and-multi-joint-tasks
#18
Israel Halperin, Steven Hughes, Derek Panchuk, Chris Abbiss, Dale W Chapman
Training in front of mirrors is common, yet little is known about how the use of mirrors effects muscle force production. Accordingly, we investigated how performing in front of a mirror influences performance in single and multi-joint tasks, and compared the mirror condition to the established performance effects of internal focus (IF) and external focus (EF) instructions in a two part experiment. In the single-joint experiment 28 resistance-trained participants (14 males and 14 females) completed two elbow flexion maximal voluntary isometric contractions under four conditions: mirror, IF, EF and neutral instructions...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898577/decline-in-herpes-simplex-virus-type-2-among-non-injecting-heroin-and-cocaine-users-in-new-york-city-2005-to-2014-prospects-for-avoiding-a-resurgence-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#19
Don C Des Jarlais, Kamyar Arasteh, Jonathan Feelemyer, Courtney McKnight, Susan Tross, David C Perlman, Aimee N C Campbell, Holly Hagan, Hannah L F Cooper
BACKGROUND: Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection increases both susceptibility to and transmissibility of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and HSV-2 and HIV are often strongly associated in HIV epidemics. We assessed trends in HSV-2 prevalence among non-injecting drug users (NIDUs) when HIV prevalence declined from 16% to 8% among NIDUs in New York City. METHODS: Subjects were current non-injecting users of heroin and/or cocaine and who had never injected illicit drugs...
November 28, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898422/national-evidence-in-israel-supporting-reevaluation-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-prophylactic-guidelines
#20
Itai Gross, Yael Siedner-Weintraub, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, Benjamin Bar-Oz, Smadar Eventov-Friedman
BACKGROUND: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently narrowed the indications for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) prophylaxis, while in Israel the guidelines have not changed. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence and severity of RSV infection among preterm infants born earlier than 340/7 weeks of gestation (PI), late preterm infants born at 340/7-366/7 weeks (LPTI), and term infants born after 370/7 weeks of gestation (TI) and to determine whether the results support a change in local policy...
November 30, 2016: Neonatology
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