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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230403/development-of-essentialist-thinking-about-religion-categories-in-northern-ireland-and-the-united-states
#1
Kirsty Smyth, Aidan Feeney, R Cole Eidson, John D Coley
Social essentialism, the belief that members of certain social categories share unobservable properties, licenses expectations that those categories are natural and a good basis for inference. A challenge for cognitive developmental theory is to give an account of how children come to develop essentialist beliefs about socially important categories. Previous evidence from Israel suggests that kindergarteners selectively engage in essentialist reasoning about culturally salient (ethnicity) categories, and that this is attenuated among children in integrated schools...
March 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226474/estimation-of-arterio-venous-access-blood-flow-in-hemodialysis-patients-using-video-image-processing-technique
#2
Fansan Zhu, Schantel Williams, Hannah Putnam, Israel Campos, Jie Ma, Camille Johnson, Franz Kappel, Peter Kotanko, Fansan Zhu, Schantel Williams, Hannah Putnam, Israel Campos, Jie Ma, Camille Johnson, Franz Kappel, Peter Kotanko, Jie Ma, Israel Campos, Peter Kotanko, Schantel Williams, Franz Kappel, Fansan Zhu, Hannah Putnam, Camille Johnson
Assessment of arterio-venous fistula (AVF) blood flow (ABF) is vital in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Currently, no non-invasive and contact-free technique is available to accurately measure ABF in routine clinical practice. In this study, we developed a novel approach using video image processing (VIP) to measure the change in optic flow in the skin. We the tested the hypothesis that the change in optical flow, expressed as the change in pixels between consecutive frames, is related to ABF. We recorded AVF videos in 40 HD patients using a digital camera and processed them by VIP technique...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225079/multiple-sodium-channel-isoforms-mediate-the-pathological-effects-of-pacific-ciguatoxin-1
#3
Marco C Inserra, Mathilde R Israel, Ashlee Caldwell, Joel Castro, Jennifer R Deuis, Andrea M Harrington, Angelo Keramidas, Sonia Garcia-Caraballo, Jessica Maddern, Andelain Erickson, Luke Grundy, Grigori Y Rychkov, Katharina Zimmermann, Richard J Lewis, Stuart M Brierley, Irina Vetter
Human intoxication with the seafood poison ciguatoxin, a dinoflagellate polyether that activates voltage-gated sodium channels (NaV), causes ciguatera, a disease characterised by gastrointestinal and neurological disturbances. We assessed the activity of the most potent congener, Pacific ciguatoxin-1 (P-CTX-1), on NaV1.1-1.9 using imaging and electrophysiological approaches. Although P-CTX-1 is essentially a non-selective NaV toxin and shifted the voltage-dependence of activation to more hyperpolarising potentials at all NaV subtypes, an increase in the inactivation time constant was observed only at NaV1...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224258/investigating-arabic-academic-vocabulary-knowledge-among-middle-school-pupils-receptive-versus-productive-knowledge
#4
Baha Makhoul
The current study attempted to investigate the development of Arabic academic vocabulary knowledge among middle-school Arabic native speakers, taking into account the socioeconomic status of the Arab population in Israel. For this purpose, Arabic academic word list was developed, mapping the required academic words that are needed for adequate coping with informational texts as appearing in the different content areas text-books. Six-hundred Arabic speaking middle school pupils from the different areas in Israel, representing the different Arab subgroups: general Arab community, Druze and Bedouins, have participated in the current study...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224226/-it-is-not-how-old-you-are-but-how-you-are-old-antiarrhythmic-therapy-in-elderly-patients
#5
EDITORIAL
B-D Gonska, T Lewalter, C W Israel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224090/vitamin-d-deficiency-insufficiency-from-childhood-to-adulthood-insights-from-a-sunny-country
#6
REVIEW
Motti Haimi, Richard Kremer
Vitamin D is known to be a key regulator of bone metabolism and is associated with muscle strength. Vitamin D deficiency is widely prevalent worldwide. In adults, vitamin D deficiency has been implicated in numerous health conditions including osteoporosis, cancer, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases. Considerable changes have occurred in lifestyles and childhood activities in the past years. Studies have shown that the children population is at high risks of vitamin D deficiency. The objective of this study was to learn about the extent of vitamin D deficiency in children worldwide and especially in sunny country like Israel...
February 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222127/unusual-pattern-of-chikungunya-virus-epidemic-in-the-americas-the-panamanian-experience
#7
Jean-Paul Carrera, Yamilka Díaz, Bernardino Denis, Itza Barahona de Mosca, Dennys Rodriguez, Israel Cedeño, Dimelza Arauz, Publio González, Lizbeth Cerezo, Lourdes Moreno, Lourdes García, Lisseth E Sáenz, María Aneth Atencio, Eddy Rojas-Fermin, Fernando Vizcaino, Nicolas Perez, Brechla Moreno, Sandra López-Vergès, Anayansi Valderrama, Blas Armién
BACKGROUND: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) typically causes explosive epidemics of fever, rash and polyarthralgia after its introduction into naïve populations. Since its introduction in Panama in May of 2014, few autochthonous cases have been reported; most of them were found within limited outbreaks in Panama City in 2014 and Puerto Obaldia town, near the Caribbean border with Colombia in 2015. In order to confirm that Panama had few CHIKV cases compared with neighboring countries, we perform an epidemiological analysis of chikungunya cases reported from May 2014 to July 2015...
February 21, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222088/gender-differences-in-bladder-cancer-treatment-decision-making
#8
Rachel A Pozzar, Donna L Berry
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore gender differences in bladder cancer treatment decision making.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Secondary qualitative analysis of interview transcripts.
. SETTING: One multidisciplinary genitourinary oncology clinic (Dana-Farber Cancer Institute) and two urology clinics (Brigham and Women's Hospital and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center) in Boston, MA.
. PARTICIPANTS: As part of the original study, 45 men and 15 women with bladder cancer participated in individual interviews...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221201/influence-of-fraction-of-inspired-oxygen-on-noninvasive-hemoglobin-measurement-parallel-assessment-of-2-monitors
#9
Etienne Gayat, Nicolas Imbert, Ariane Roujansky, Léa Lemasle, Marc Fischler
BACKGROUND: Previous reports have brought specific attention to the relationship between oxygenation of the patient and the accuracy of noninvasive measurement of hemoglobin (Hb) using an optical sensor. This study aimed to assess prospectively the relationship between fraction of inspired oxygen (FIO2) and the bias of the measurement of Hb by the use of 2 different noninvasive monitors compared with the classic invasive technique. METHODS: Forty-four patients were included prospectively...
February 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220963/the-association-between-gender-ethnicity-and-suicidality-among-vocational-students-in-israel
#10
Joy Benatov, Ora Nakash, Shai Chen-Gal, Anat Brunstein Klomek
Gender and ethnicity are significant factors when evaluating suicidal risk, especially among ethnically diverse populations. In the current study we explored the association between gender, ethnicity, and suicide ideation and attempts among Arab and Jewish vocational education and training high school students in Israel. Students (N = 3,554) completed a self-report survey evaluating suicide ideation and attempts, depression, anxiety, somatization, and sense of belonging. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling indicated that female Arab adolescents had elevated levels of suicide ideation, higher rates of suicide attempts, and greater psychological distress than Arab males and Jewish students...
February 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220917/ditopic-receptors-containing-urea-groups-for-solvent-extraction-of-cu-ii-salts
#11
Israel Carreira-Barral, Marta Mato-Iglesias, Andrés de Blas, Carlos Platas-Iglesias, Peter A Tasker, David Esteban-Gómez
The ditopic receptor L3 [1-(2-((7-(4-(tert-butyl)benzyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecan-1-yl)methyl)phenyl)-3-(3-nitrophenyl)urea] containing a macrocyclic cyclen unit for Cu(ii)-coordination and a urea moiety for anion binding was designed for recognition of metal salts. The X-ray structure of [CuL3(SO4)] shows that the sulfate anion is involved in cooperative binding via coordination to the metal ion and hydrogen-bonding to the urea unit. This behaviour is similar to that observed for the related receptor L1 [1-(2-((bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)amino)methyl)phenyl)-3-(3-nitrophenyl)urea], which forms a dimeric [CuL1(μ-SO4)]2 structure in the solid state...
February 21, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220241/-icd-in-elderly-patients
#12
Carsten W Israel
Treatment with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) represents a prognostic but not symptomatic therapy. It should therefore be restricted to patients where an improvement of prognosis is possible and reasonable. ICD implantation should only be performed in patients with a life expectancy of at least 1 year at reasonable quality of life. The decision in which patient improvement of prognosis is no longer a desirable target is problematic, both medically and ethically. It is not entirely clear in which elderly patient an ICD therapy can convey prognostic benefit despite comorbidity and competitive life-threatening diseases, as it is unclear how old age should be defined...
February 20, 2017: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219970/an-accreting-pulsar-with-extreme-properties-drives-an-ultraluminous-x-ray-source-in-ngc-5907
#13
Gian Luca Israel, Andrea Belfiore, Luigi Stella, Paolo Esposito, Piergiorgio Casella, Andrea De Luca, Martino Marelli, Alessandro Papitto, Matteo Perri, Simonetta Puccetti, Guillermo A Rodríguez Castillo, David Salvetti, Andrea Tiengo, Luca Zampieri, Daniele D'Agostino, Jochen Greiner, Frank Haberl, Giovanni Novara, Ruben Salvaterra, Roberto Turolla, Mike Watson, Joern Wilms, Anna Wolter
Ultraluminous x-ray sources (ULXs) in nearby galaxies shine brighter than any x-ray source in our Galaxy. ULXs are usually modeled as stellar-mass black holes (BHs) accreting at very high rates or intermediate-mass BHs. We present observations showing that NGC 5907 ULX is instead an x-ray accreting neutron star (NS) with a spin period evolving from 1.43 seconds in 2003 to 1.13 seconds in 2014. It has an isotropic peak luminosity of [Formula: see text]1000 times the Eddington limit for a NS at 17.1 megaparsec...
February 24, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219928/mitochondria-control-store-operated-ca-2-entry-through-na-and-redox-signals
#14
Tsipi Ben-Kasus Nissim, Xuexin Zhang, Assaf Elazar, Soumitra Roy, Judith A Stolwijk, Yandong Zhou, Rajender K Motiani, Maxime Gueguinou, Nadine Hempel, Michal Hershfinkel, Donald L Gill, Mohamed Trebak, Israel Sekler
Mitochondria exert important control over plasma membrane (PM) Orai1 channels mediating store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE). Although the sensing of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) stores by STIM proteins and coupling to Orai1 channels is well understood, how mitochondria communicate with Orai1 channels to regulate SOCE activation remains elusive. Here, we reveal that SOCE is accompanied by a rise in cytosolic Na(+) that is critical in activating the mitochondrial Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCLX) causing enhanced mitochondrial Na(+) uptake and Ca(2+) efflux...
February 20, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219313/trial-of-labour-after-caesarean-tolac-is-associated-with-increased-risk-for-instrumental-delivery
#15
Rotem Inbar, Shali Mazaaki, Anat Kalter, Itai Gat, Eyal Sivan, Eyal Schiff, Israel Hendler
: We compared the rates of instrumental delivery in a cohort of nulliparous women at term (n = 19,416), to primiparous women who attempted labour after prior caesarean (TOLAC) (n = 1747). The rate of instrumental deliveries was higher in the TOLAC group compared to nulliparous gravidas (17.3 vs. 15% respectively, p = 0.001). The difference was more prominent for women who eventually had successful vaginal delivery (TOLAC: 23.9% vs. CONTROLS: 17.1%, p < 0...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217230/red-cell-distribution-width-and-all-cause-mortality-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-a-cohort-study
#16
Walid Saliba, Ofra Barnett-Griness, Gad Rennert
BACKGROUND: Increased red cell distribution width (RDW), a measure of red cell size variability, has been associated with increased mortality in multiple cardiovascular diseases. However, whether RDW is associated with increased mortality in patients with atrial fibrillation remains unknown. METHODS: Using the computerized database of the largest health maintenance organization in Israel, we identified a cohort of adults with atrial fibrillation diagnosed before January 1, 2012...
February 2017: Journal of Arrhythmia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217042/minority-population-group-status-and-qol-change-the-case-of-older-israelis
#17
Noam Damri, Howard Litwin
This study explores minority group status in relation to change in Quality of Life (QOL) among three population groups in Israel-Veteran Jews, Arab-Israelis and immigrants from the Former Soviet Union (FSU)-controlling for a set of known predictors. The study uses panel data from two waves (2009/10 and 2013) of the Israeli component of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe, (N=1,590). A set of Ordinary Least Squares regressions is used to predict positive QOL change over the two waves. Interaction terms in a number of selected areas are considered...
December 2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213577/economic-evaluation-of-universal-prenatal-hiv-screening-compared-with-current-at-risk-policy-in-a-very-low-prevalence-country
#18
Michal Chowers, Oren Shavit
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to economically evaluate universal HIV prenatal screening in Israel, a very low prevalence country (0.1%), compared with the current policy of testing only women belonging to high-risk (HR) groups. DESIGN: A cost-effectiveness analytical model was constructed. Life expectancies, direct medical costs and utility weights of an HIV-positive newborn and a healthy newborn were derived from the literature. Screening was assessed using fourth-generation combo tests...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213569/trends-in-coronary-revascularization-and-ischemic-heart-disease-related-mortality-in-israel
#19
Orit Blumenfeld, Wasef Na'amnih, Ayelet Shapira-Daniels, Chaim Lotan, Tamy Shohat, Oz M Shapira
BACKGROUND: We investigated national trends in volume and outcomes of percutaneous coronary angioplasty (PCI), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and ischemic heart disease-related mortality in Israel. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using International Classification of Diseases 9th and 10th revision codes, we linked 5 Israeli national databases, including the Israel Center for Disease Control National PCI and CABG Registries, the Ministry of Health Hospitalization Report, the Center of Bureau of Statistics, and the Ministry of Interior Mortality Report, to assess the annual PCI and CABG volume, procedural mortality, comorbidities, and ischemic heart disease-related mortality between 2002 and 2014...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212642/beyond-cultural-stereotyping-views-on-end-of-life-decision-making-among-religious-and-secular-persons-in-the-usa-germany-and-israel
#20
Mark Schweda, Silke Schicktanz, Aviad Raz, Anita Silvers
BACKGROUND: End-of-life decision making constitutes a major challenge for bioethical deliberation and political governance in modern democracies: On the one hand, it touches upon fundamental convictions about life, death, and the human condition. On the other, it is deeply rooted in religious traditions and historical experiences and thus shows great socio-cultural diversity. The bioethical discussion of such cultural issues oscillates between liberal individualism and cultural stereotyping...
February 17, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
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