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Aviv D Mizrahi-Kliger, Alexander Kaplan, Zvi Israel, Hagai Bergman
Slow oscillations of neuronal activity alternating between firing and silence are a hallmark of slow-wave sleep (SWS). These oscillations reflect the default activity present in all mammalian species, and are ubiquitous to anesthesia, brain slice preparations, and neuronal cultures. In all these cases, neuronal firing is highly synchronous within local circuits, suggesting that oscillation-synchronization coupling may be a governing principle of sleep physiology regardless of anatomical connectivity. To investigate whether this principle applies to overall brain organization, we recorded the activity of individual neurons from basal ganglia (BG) structures and the thalamocortical (TC) network over 70 full nights of natural sleep in two vervet monkeys...
April 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Ana V Ibarra-Meneses, Israel Cruz, Carmen Chicharro, Carmen Sánchez, Sylvain Biéler, Tobias Broger, Javier Moreno, Eugenia Carrillo
BACKGROUND: Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) have proven to be advantageous in the diagnosis of leishmaniases, allowing sensitive diagnosis of: (i) cutaneous leishmaniasis in long duration lesions and (ii) visceral leishmaniasis using a less-invasive sample like peripheral blood, in opposition to tissue aspiration required for parasite demonstration by microscopy. Despite their benefits, the implementation of NAATs for leishmaniasis diagnosis at the point-of-care has not been achieved yet, mostly due to the complexity and logistical issues associated with PCR-based methods...
April 17, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Leehu Zysberg
Recent studies reported a negative association between emotional intelligence (EI: defined here as individual predispositions associated with effective identification and regulation of emotions) and emotional eating. Although theory provides some insights into how the concept represents mechanisms that may serve as protective factors, empirical evidence of the mechanism behind the association has yet to be presented. This study tested a proposed model in which anxiety levels mediate the association between emotional intelligence and emotional-eating patterns in a normative sample of women in Israel...
April 11, 2018: Eating Behaviors
Elad Schiff, Ilana Levy, Zahi Arnon, Eran Ben-Arye, Samuel Attias
OBJECTIVES: This paper sought to explore risk/safety considerations associated with the integration of a complementary medicine (CM) service within a public academic medical centre in Israel. METHODS: We reviewed various sources pertaining to the CM service (interviews with CM staff, patients' electronic charts, service guidelines, correspondence with hospital administration) and conducted a thematic analysis to evaluate safety-related incidents during the 7 years of operation...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Tomer Rosen, Israel Goldberg, Wanda Navarra, Vincenzo Venditto, Moshe Kol
A magnesium complex of the type {ONNN}Mg-HMDS wherein {ONNN} is a sequential tetradentate monoanionic ligand is introduced. In the presence of an alcohol initiator this complex catalyzes the living and immortal homopolymerization of the lactide enantiomers and ε-caprolactone at room-temperature with exceptionally high activities, as well as the precise block copolymerization of these monomers in a one-pot synthesis by sequential monomer addition. Copolymers of unprecedented microstructures such as the PCL-b-PLLA-b-PDLA and PDLA-b-PLLA-b-PCL-b-PLLA-b-PDLA block-stereoblock microstructures that feature unique thermal properties are readily accessed...
April 17, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Ziv Lifshitz, Na'ama Sturlesi, Miriam Parizade, Shlomo E Blum, Michal Gordon, Diana Taran, Amos Adler
The goal of this study was to compare the molecular features of bovine- and human community-acquired extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli in Israel. Bovine ESBL-producing E. coli were isolated during a point-prevalence study from the main farming locations throughout Israel. Human ESBL-producing E. coli isolates were collected from community-acquired urinary tract infection cases. Molecular typing was done initially by repetitive extragenic palindromic-PCR. Representative isolates were subjected to next-generation sequencing (NGS) and analyzed for multilocus sequence typing (MLST), core genome MLST (cgMLST), blaCTX-M gene allele, and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) surrounding it...
April 17, 2018: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
Regev Cohen, Frida Babushkin, Maurice Shapiro, Martina Uda, Yafit Atiya-Nasagi, Dar Klein, Talya Finn
We report a series of 5 case-patients who had Israeli spotted fever, of whom 2 had purpura fulminans and died. Four case-patients were given a diagnosis on the basis of PCR of skin biopsy specimens 3-4 days after treatment with doxycycline; 1 case-patient was given a diagnosis on the basis of seroconversion. Rickettsia spp. from the 2 case-patients who died were sequenced and identified as Rickettsia conorii subsp. israelensis. Purpura fulminans has been described in association with R. rickettsii and R. indica, but rarely with R...
May 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Israel Franco, Jacob A Franco, Brandon Nussenblatt
OBJECTIVE: Our hypothesis was to confirm whether an idealized voider flow equation (IVFE) that we created is more accurate than trying to rely on estimated flow rates in the same patient in two consecutive voids. We also looked to confirm whether flow index (FI) can be a proxy for voiding efficiency and to identify which FI was best; those based off our own IVFE equations or those derived from the commonly used power equations. STUDY DESIGN: We used data from a previous study and calculated flow rates using our IVFE and the power equations...
April 17, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Nili Tickotsky, Sarit Faibis, Geula Gellman, Michael Shoshani, Yael Kutiner, Moti Moskovitz
PURPOSE: To examine the rate of adherence of Israeli dentists who treat children and their rate of adherence, in 2010-2011 and in 2016, to changes made to the 2008 American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines for endocarditis prevention. METHODS: A questionnaire on adherence to AHA guidelines was handed out in two consecutive continuing education courses in 2010-2011 and again in 2016. Data were analyzed using student's t test, chi-square, and analysis of variance...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Steve J Kempton, Jacqueline S Israel, Saverio Capuano Iii, Samuel O Poore
Here we present a 32-y-old rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) with a large recurrent ventral incisional hernia. The initial surgery included midline celiotomy for treatment of endometriosis, in which the animal developed a hernia that was repaired with interposition of mesh. Hernia recurrence at 1 y resulted in a defect measuring 7 × 13 cm, with loss of abdominal domain. Skin breakdown was noted with areas of exposed mesh through the skin with associated acute on chronic infection. Clinically, the animal was lethargic, not eating, and failing to thrive...
April 2, 2018: Comparative Medicine
Murir Mawassi, Orit Dror, Moshe Bar-Joseph, Alon Piasetzky, Jennifer Sjölund, Naama Levitzky, Nofar Shoshana, Ludmila Meslenin, Sabrina Haviv, Carmel Porat, Leron Katsir, Svetlana Kontsedalov, Murad Ghanim, Einat Zelinge-Reichert, Yvonne M Arnsdorf, Abed A Gera, Ofir Bahar
Carrot yellows disease has been associated for many years with the Gram-positive, insect-vectored bacteria, Candidatus Phytoplasma and Spiroplasma citri. However, reports in the last decade link carrot yellows symptoms also with a different, Gram-negative, insect-vectored bacterium - 'Ca. Liberibacter solanacearum'. Our study shows that to date 'Ca. L. solanacearum' is tightly associated with carrot yellows symptoms across Israel. The genetic variant found in Israel is most similar to haplotype ,D found around the Mediterranean basin...
April 17, 2018: Phytopathology
Javier Del-Angel-Caraza, Israel Alejandro Quijano-Hernández, Edgardo Soriano-Vargas, Marco Antonio Barbosa-Mireles, José Simón Martínez-Castañeda
Urinary bladder worm infection is relatively uncommon in pet dogs and cats in the Americas. This report describes the diagnosis of lower urinary tract infection by Pearsonema plica in two asymptomatic dogs and P. feliscati in a cat with lower urinary tract clinical signs diagnosed between 2002 and 2015, and the first report of this type of parasitism in domestic small animals in Mexico at an altitude above 2600 m above sea level. The studied cases demonstrate the need to consider a urinary bladder worm infection in domestic small animals, both stray animals and those with controlled access to the streets...
April 16, 2018: Parasitology Research
Esther Hess
This article considers the meaning and significance of authority, and its relevance to the transference process, within the framework of psychotherapy in the orthodox Jewish (Haredi) community in Israel. In this community, deeply-rooted habits of obedience to the commandments of the Torah and the authority of the Rabbi are integral to maintaining an orthodox way of life. Clinical vignettes with Haredi patients are presented to illustrate the complexities that arise when both patient and therapist belong to the orthodox community, and highlight the authority-related issues that are central to the therapy...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
Sagi Shashar, Maayan Yitshak-Sade, Roman Sonkin, Victor Novack, Eli Jaffe
BACKGROUND: Published annual estimates report a global burden of 2.5 million snakebite cases and >100,000 deaths. In Israel, envenomations are the third most frequent cause of poisonings that are of moderate to major clinical severity. Most studies focus on the clinical descriptions of snakebites in tropical climates, and we sought to investigate the association between snakebite frequency and meteorological parameters. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate the seasonality of snakebites and evaluate the association between increasingly common heat waves and other meteorological parameters and snakebite frequency in a semiarid nontropical climate...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Elad Maor, Israel M Barbash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
Leonardo Susta, Diego Segovia, Timothy L Olivier, Kiril M Dimitrov, Ismaila Shittu, Valerie Marcano, Patti J Miller
Newcastle disease (ND), caused by virulent strains of Newcastle disease virus (NDV), is a devastating disease of poultry worldwide. The pathogenesis of ND in quail is poorly documented. To characterize the ability of virulent NDV strains to replicate and cause disease in quail, groups of 14 two-week-old Japanese quail ( Coturnix japonica) were experimentally inoculated with 108 EID50 (embryo infectious dose 50%) units of 1 of 4 virulent NDV strains: 2 isolated from quail ( N2, N23) and 2 from chickens ( Israel, Pakistan)...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
Philip R Fox, Bruce W Keene, Kenneth Lamb, Karsten A Schober, Valerie Chetboul, Virginia Luis Fuentes, Gerhard Wess, Jessie Rose Payne, Daniel F Hogan, Alison Motsinger-Reif, Jens Häggström, Emilie Trehiou-Sechi, Deborah M Fine-Ferreira, Reid K Nakamura, Pamela M Lee, Manreet K Singh, Wendy A Ware, Jonathan A Abbott, Geoffrey Culshaw, Sabine Riesen, Michele Borgarelli, Michael B Lesser, Nicole Van Israël, Etienne Côté, John E Rush, Barret Bulmer, Roberto A Santilli, Andrea C Vollmar, Maribeth J Bossbaly, Nadine Quick, Claudio Bussadori, Janice M Bright, Amara H Estrada, Dan G Ohad, Maria Josefa Fernández-Del Palacio, Jenifer Lunney Brayley, Denise S Schwartz, Christina M Bové, Sonya G Gordon, Seung Woo Jung, Paola Brambilla, N Sydney Moïse, Christopher D Stauthammer, Rebecca L Stepien, Cecilia Quintavalla, Christophe Amberger, Ferenc Manczur, Yong-Wei Hung, Remo Lobetti, Marie De Swarte, Alice Tamborini, Carmel T Mooney, Mark A Oyama, Andrey Komolov, Yoko Fujii, Romain Pariaut, Masami Uechi, Victoria Yukie Tachika Ohara
BACKGROUND: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most prevalent heart disorder in cats and principal cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Yet, the impact of preclinical disease is unresolved. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: Observational study to characterize cardiovascular morbidity and survival in cats with preclinical nonobstructive (HCM) and obstructive (HOCM) hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and in apparently healthy cats (AH). ANIMALS: One thousand seven hundred and thirty client-owned cats (430 preclinical HCM; 578 preclinical HOCM; 722 AH)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Panpradap Sinpru, Natagarn Sartsoongnoen, Israel Rozenboim, Tom E Porter, Mohamed E El Halawani, Yupaporn Chaiseha
The mesotocinergic (MTergic) and dopaminergic (DAergic) systems have been documented to play pivotal roles in maternal behaviors in native Thai chickens. In native Thai chickens, plasma prolactin (PRL) concentrations are associated with maternal behaviors, which are also controlled by the DAergic system. However, the role of MT in conjunction with the roles of DA and PRL on the neuroendocrine regulation of the transition from incubating to rearing behavior has never been studied. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the association of MT, DA, and PRL during the transition from incubating to rearing behavior in native Thai hens...
April 13, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
Stephen M Plachta, Heidi Israel, Jennifer Brechbuhler, Ann Hayes, Stephen Huebner, Howard M Place
STUDY DESIGN: Reliability Analysis. OBJECTIVE: To assess intra- and inter-observer agreement of the T1 Pelvic Angle (T1PA), a novel radiographic measure of spinal sagittal alignment. Orthopaedic surgeons of various levels of experience measured the T1PA in a series of healthy adult volunteers. The relationship of the TIPA to pelvic position was also assessed. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Recent literature suggests that the T1PA is a more reliable measure of global sagittal alignment than traditional measurements (ie SVA)...
April 13, 2018: Spine
Oshrat E Tayer-Shifman, Yigal Bar-On, David Pereg, Alon Y Hershko
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a pivotal factor in the development and progression of various chronic diseases. However, most fitness facilities exclude unhealthy individuals. Therefore, an exercise program that admits such patients is imperative. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a fitness facility that admits adult subjects with multiple chronic diseases. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective screening of patient records from the Medical Fitness Facility at Meir Medical Center, Israel...
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
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