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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473902/advances-in-residential-design-related-to-the-influence-of-geomagnetism
#1
Francisco Glaria, Israel Arnedo, Ana Sánchez-Ostiz
Since the origin of the Modern Movement, there has been a basic commitment to improving housing conditions and the well-being of occupants, especially given the prediction that 2/3 of humanity will reside in cities by 2050. Moreover, a compact model of the city with tall buildings and urban densification at this scale will be generated. Continuous constructive and technological advances have developed solid foundations on safety, energy efficiency, habitability, and sustainability in housing design. However, studies on improving the quality of life in these areas continue to be a challenge for architects and engineers...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473649/detection-of-tilapia-lake-virus-tilv-infection-by-pcr-in-farmed-and-wild-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-from-lake-victoria
#2
K K Mugimba, A A Chengula, S Wamala, E D Mwega, C J Kasanga, D K Byarugaba, R H Mdegela, S Tal, B Bornstein, A Dishon, S Mutoloki, L David, Ø Evensen, H M Munang'andu
Tilapia lake virus disease (TiLVD) has emerged to be an important viral disease of farmed Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) having the potential to impede expansion of aquaculture production. There is a need for rapid diagnostic tools to identify infected fish to limit the spread in individual farms. We report the first detection of TiLV infection by PCR in farmed and wild Nile tilapia from Lake Victoria. There was no difference in prevalence between farmed and wild fish samples (p = .65), and of the 442 samples examined from 191 fish, 28 were positive for TiLV by PCR...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473098/ischemic-heart-disease-and-ankylosing-spondylitis-assessing-the-role-of-inflammation
#3
Michal Vinker Shuster, Omer Gendelman, Shmuel Tiosano, Doron Comaneshter, Arnon D Cohen, Howard Amital
To assess the association of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and ischemic heart disease (IHD) compared to traditional cardiovascular (CV) risk factors. Primary care and hospital records of patients with AS were analyzed, using the largest health maintenance organization in Israel, the "Clalit" Health Services data. These patients were compared with age- and gender-matched controls regarding the proportion of IHD in a cross-sectional study. Parameters including socioeconomic status, body mass index (BMI), smoking habits, and coexistent medical conditions hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes mellitus (DM) - as well as the use of NSAIDs and anti-TNFs were also assessed...
February 22, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471622/effectiveness-of-influenza-vaccine-in-preventing-medically-attended-influenza-virus-infection-in-primary-care-israel-influenza-seasons-2014-15-and-2015-16
#4
Hamutal Yaron-Yakoby, Hanna Sefty, Rakefet Pando, Rita Dichtiar, Mark A Katz, Yaniv Stein, Michal Mandelboim, Ella Mendelson, Tamy Shohat, Aharona Glatman-Freedman, The Israeli Influenza Surveillance Network Iisn
IntroductionInfluenza vaccine is recommended for the entire population in Israel. We assessed influenza vaccine effectiveness (VE) for the 2014/15 and 2015/16 seasons in Israel, for the first time. Methods: Combined nose and throat swab specimens were collected from patients with influenza-like illness (ILI) presenting to sentinel primary care clinics and tested for influenza virus by RT-PCR. VE of the trivalent inactivated vaccine (TIV) was assessed using test-negative case-control design. Results: During the 2014/15 season 1,142 samples were collected; 327 (28...
February 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471539/breaking-down-barriers-to-the-utilization-of-standardized-tests-and-outcome-measures-in-acute-care-physical-therapist-practice-an-observational-longitudinal-study
#5
Brian McDonnell, Shannon Stilwell, Shelby Hart, Roger B Davis
Background: Standardized tests and outcome measures (STOM) have not been consistently implemented as part of most physical therapists' practice. Incidence of STOM use amongst physical therapists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center was similar to low levels cited nationally among acute care physical therapists. Targeted knowledge translation (KT) strategies have been suggested to promote the application of research evidence into clinical decision making. Purpose: The purpose of this quality improvement (QI) effort was to implement a series of interventions aimed at increasing both use and interpretation of STOM by physical therapists practicing in acute care...
February 19, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471321/overexpression-of-heparanase-in-mice-promoted-megakaryopoiesis
#6
Ying-Xia Tan, Hao Cui, Lu-Ming Wan, Feng Gong, Xiao Zhang, Israel Vlodavsky, Jin-Ping Li
Heparanase, an endo-glucuronidase that specifically cleaves heparan sulfate, is upregulated in several pathological conditions. In this study, we aimed to find a correlation of heparanase expression and platelets production. In the transgenic mice overexpressing human heparanase (Hpa-tg), hematological analysis of blood samples revealed a significantly higher number of platelets in comparison with wild-type (Ctr) mice, while no significant difference was found in leukocytes and red blood cell number between the two groups...
February 19, 2018: Glycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470445/recognition-of-amp-adp-and-atp-through-cooperative-binding-by-cu-ii-and-zn-ii-complexes-containing-urea-and-or-phenylboronic-acid-moieties
#7
Israel Carreira-Barral, Isabel Fernández-Pérez, Marta Mato-Iglesias, Andrés de Blas, Carlos Platas-Iglesias, David Esteban-Gómez
We report a series of Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes with different ligands containing a dipicolyl unit functionalized with urea groups that may contain or not a phenylboronic acid function. These complexes were designed for the recognition of phosphorylated anions through coordination to the metal ion reinforced by hydrogen bonds involving the anion and NH groups of urea. The complexes were isolated and several adducts with pyrophosphate were characterized using Xray diffraction measurements. Coordination of one of the urea nitrogen atoms to the metal ion promoted the hydrolysis of the ligands containing 1,3-diphenylurea units, while ligands bearing 1-ethyl-3-phenylurea groups did not hydrolyze significantly at room temperature...
February 22, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470060/rationalizing-the-regioselectivity-of-the-diels-alder-bis-cycloaddition-of-fullerenes
#8
Yago Garcia-Rodeja, Miquel Solà, Israel Fernandez
The physical factors governing the regioselectivity of the double functionalization of fullerenes have been explored by means of Density Functional Theory calculations. To this end, the second Diels-Alder cycloaddition reactions involving 1,3-butadiene and the parent C60-fullerene as well as the ion-encapsulated system Li+@C60 have been selected. In agreement with previous experimental findings on related processes, it is found that the cycloaddition reaction, involving either C60 or Li+@C60, occurs selectively at specific [6,6]-bonds...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469789/paquidermodactilia-engrosamiento-digital-proximal-pachydermodactyly-digital-proximal-thickening
#9
Israel Pérez-López, Antonio Martínez-López, Juan Antonio Retamero, Francisco Gallo, Salvador Arias-Santiago
We report a case of pachydermodactyly (PDD). PDD is a benign, asymptomatic soft tissue swelling affecting the skin of the lateral aspects of the proximal interphalangeal joints of the fingers, mostly in young adolescent males. It has often been interpreted as a consequence of tic-like behavior as part of an obsessive-compulsive disorder. Although the diagnosis is essentially clinical, skin biopsy shows compact orthokeratotic hyperkeratosis, increased numbers of collagen fibers and fibroblasts, and no inflammatory changes...
October 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469647/how-skilled-do-israeli-nurses-perceive-themselves-to-be-in-providing-palliative-care-results-of-a-national-survey
#10
Shelli L Feder, David Collett, Samantha Conley, Dena Schulman-Green, Tikva Meron, Nathan Cherny
BACKGROUND: In Israel, palliative care (PC) services are limited. This study assessed Israeli nurses' perceived competencies and educational needs in providing PC. DESIGN: Online administration of the End-of-Life Professional Caregiver Survey (EPCS). SETTING/SUBJECTS: Oncology and PC nurses were identified through the Israel Ministry of Health and Oncology Nurses' Society. MEASUREMENTS: Demographic and practice data were analysed using analysis of variance tests to determine differences between nurse characteristics by EPCS domains...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468782/perceptions-towards-disability-among-social-work-students-in-israel-development-and-validation-of-a-new-scale
#11
Roni Holler, Shirli Werner
Over the last decades, the disability movement has been advocating for a paradigmatic shift in how disability is perceived and managed: from a medical or individual perspective focusing on the person's body and mind to a social perspective emphasizing the context and barriers of disability. However, we still know little about the perceptions of helping professionals, particularly social workers who work closely with disabled people. Thus, the aim of the current study is to develop and validate a scale-Perceptions Toward Disability Scale (PTDS)-to measure how social workers view disability: as an individual or social category...
February 21, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468627/terrorism-reports-the-tip-of-the-iceberg
#12
Eytan Ellenberg, Mark Taragin, Zvia Bar-On, Osnat Cohen, Ishay Ostfeld
IMPORTANCE: Medical impact of terror is a public health issue as the threat is growing all over the world. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare the number of injured and incidents in the three different databases and reports [Global Terrorism Database (GTD), Israeli Security Agency (ISA) and National Insurance Institute (NII)] in Israel. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Analyses of three different databases (GTD, ISA and NII) and basic comparison...
October 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468242/electronic-structure-of-dipeptides-in-the-gas-phase-and-as-an-adsorbed-monolayer
#13
Cunlan Guo, Soumyajit Sarkar, Sivan Refaely-Abramson, David A Egger, Tatyana Bendikov, Keiichirou Yonezawa, Yosuke Suda, Takuma Yamaguchi, Israel Pecht, Satoshi Kera, Nobuo Ueno, Mordechai Sheves, Leeor Kronik, David Cahen
Peptide-based molecular electronic devices are promising due to the large diversity and unique electronic properties of biomolecules. These electronic properties can change considerably with peptide structure, allowing diverse design possibilities. In this work, we explore the effect of the side-chain of the peptide on its electronic properties, by using both experimental and computational tools to detect the electronic energy levels of two model peptides. The peptides include 2Ala and 2Trp as well as their 3-mercaptopropionic acid linker which is used to form monolayers on an Au surface...
February 22, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467829/surgical-offloading-procedures-for-diabetic-foot-ulcers-compared-to-best-non-surgical-treatment-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Aharon S Finestone, Eran Tamir, Guy Ron, Itay Wiser, Gabriel Agar
Background: Diabetic foot ulcers are frequently related to elevated pressure under a bony prominence. Conservative treatment includes offloading with orthopaedic shoes and custom made orthotics or plaster casts. While casting in plaster is usually effective in achieving primary closure of foot ulcers, recurrence rates are high. Minimally invasive surgical offloading that includes correction of foot deformities has good short and long term results. The surgery alleviates the pressure under the bony prominence, thus enabling prompt ulcer healing, negating the patient's dependence on expensive shoes and orthotics, with a lower chance of recurrence...
2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466373/observations-on-the-symbiotic-relationship-between-the-caridean-shrimp-odontonia-sibogae-bruce-1972-and-its-ascidian-host-herdmania-momus-savigny-1816
#15
Ya'arit Levitt-Barmats, Noa Shenkar
Symbiotic relationships between shrimps and other invertebrates are a very common phenomenon in tropical environments. Although the caridean shrimp-ascidian association has been known for many years, the nature of this relationship is still unclear. The current study investigated the association between the caridean shrimp Odontonia sibogae (Bruce, 1972) and solitary ascidians. A combination of field work conducted along the Red Sea coast of Israel and laboratory experiments, conducted during 2015-2016, revealed a clear preference of the shrimps for the ascidian species Herdmania momus (Savigny, 1816), with a low survival ability of the shrimp outside their host's body...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465438/the-evolving-role-of-percutaneous-ventricular-assist-devices-in-high-risk-cardiac-patients
#16
Ilan A Marcuschamer, Aryeh Abelow, Ran Kornowski
The Impella is a mechanical circulatory support device that supports ventricular function. Since 2008, when the first Impella device received Food and Drug Administration clearance, its use has become increasingly prevalent. A variety of Impella devices are available, and are differentiated by size, power, and insertion techniques. These versions of the Impella have been used in a multitude of clinical scenarios, both emergent and elective, including high-risk coronary interventions, acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock, decompensated left and right heart failure, high-risk ventricular tachycardia ablations, and aortic valvuloplasty...
February 20, 2018: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465354/self-reported-childhood-maltreatment-lifelong-traumatic-events-and-mental-disorders-in-american-and-israeli-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#17
Rona Merdler-Rabinowicz, Ayal Hassidim, Raneen Hellou, Ilan Merdler, Winfried Hauser, Jacob N Ablin
OBJECTIVES: Psychological stress is thought to play a major role in the development and exacerbation of autoimmune diseases in general, as well as in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in particular. The aims of the current study are to compare retrospective self-reports of childhood maltreatment and lifetime major life/traumatic experiences of American and Israeli RA patients, using standardised instruments, while adjusting for concomitant mental disorders and psychological distress, in order to rule out their part in the subjective reports, thus addressing the trans-cultural robustness of the association between childhood maltreatment, traumatic experiences and RA...
February 15, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464098/forty-five-percent-of-the-israeli-population-were-infected-with-the-influenza-b-victoria-virus-during-the-winter-season-2015-16
#18
Sivan Sharabi, Ravit Bassal, Nehemya Friedman, Yaron Drori, Hadar Alter, Aharona Glatman-Freedman, Musa Hindiyeh, Daniel Cohen, Ella Mendelson, Tamy Shohat, Michal Mandelboim
While infection with influenza A viruses has been extensively investigated, infections with influenza B viruses which are commonly categorized into the highly homologous Victoria and Yamagata lineages, are less studied, despite their considerable virulence. Here we used RT-PCR assays, hemagglutination inhibition assays and antibody titers to determine the levels of influenza B infection. We report of high influenza B Victoria virus prevalence in the 2015-16 winter season in Israel, affecting approximately half of the Israeli population...
January 19, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464068/prognostic-significance-of-heparanase-expression-in-primary-and-metastatic-breast-carcinoma
#19
Olga Vornicova, Inna Naroditsky, Ilanit Boyango, Shlomit S Shachar, Tanya Mashiach, Neta Ilan, Israel Vlodavsky, Gil Bar-Sela
High levels of heparanase are detected in many types of tumors, associated with bad prognosis. Typically, heparanase levels are evaluated in a biopsy taken from the primary lesion, whereas its expression by the resulting metastases is most often unresolved. This becomes critically important as anti-heparanase compounds enter advanced clinical trials. Here, we examined the expression of heparanase in pairs of primary and the resulting distant metastases of breast carcinoma. Interestingly, we found that heparanase expression in the metastatic lesion does not always reflect its expression in the primary tumor...
January 19, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463229/metastatic-cardiac-tumors-from-clinical-presentation-through-diagnosis-to-treatment
#20
Ivana Burazor, Sarit Aviel-Ronen, Massimo Imazio, Orly Goitein, Marina Perelman, Natalia Shelestovich, Ninoslav Radovanovic, Vladimir Kanjuh, Iris Barshack, Yehuda Adler
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the prevalence of metastatic tumors involving the myocardium and study their presentation in order to increase awareness to their existence. METHODS: Pathological reports from Sheba Medical Center (Israel, January 1, 2010 through December 31, 2015) and medical records from The Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases of Vojvodina, Sremska Kamenica (Serbia, 23 years period) were screened for cases of metastatic cardiac tumors. Medical, radiological and pathological data of identified cases was retrieved and reviewed...
February 20, 2018: BMC Cancer
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