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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031046/contributors-to-young-drivers-driving-styles-a-comparison-between-israel-and-queensland
#1
Vera Skvirsky, Orit Taubman Ben-Ari, Timothy J Greenbury, Carlo G Prato
Among the numerous factors that contribute to young novice drivers' driving styles, personality characteristics, sociodemographic variables, family atmosphere, and friends' norms are known to have an important impact. However, cross-cultural comparisons are relatively rare in the safety literature concerning young drivers. This study aimed at comparing young drivers from Israel and Queensland (Australia) and examining the contribution of personality, sociodemographic, family and friends' aspects to their driving styles (reckless and careless; hostile and angry; anxious; patient and careful)...
October 10, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027740/effective-tolerance-based-on-resource-reallocation-is-a-virus-specific-defence-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#2
Aayushi Shukla, Israel Pagán, Fernando García-Arenal
Plant viruses often harm their hosts, which have developed mechanisms to prevent or minimise the effects of virus infection. Resistance and tolerance are the two main plant defences to pathogens. Although resistance to plants viruses has been extensively studied, tolerance has received much less attention. Theory predicts that tolerance to low virulent parasites would be achieved through resource reallocation from growth to reproduction, whereas tolerance to high virulent parasites would be attained through shortening of the pre-reproductive period...
October 13, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027666/alexander-george-karczmar-1917-2017
#3
Hermona Soreq, Israel Silman
The neurochemistry community at large and the Advisory Board of The International Symposia on Cholinergic Mechanisms mourn the loss of Alexander George Karczmar, the elected Honorary President of these international symposia, who passed away peacefully in his Chicago home at the age of 100 on August 17, 2017. For many of us Alex was the essence of cholinergic signaling, and personified its versatile power to send messages between the brain and the peripheral tissues and organs, and to connect between body and soul...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027336/trends-in-utilization-of-benzodiazepine-and-z-drugs-in-israel
#4
Erez Berman, Sara Eyal, Eli Marom
BACKGROUND: Studies on benzodiazepine (BZDs) as well as Zopiclone and Zolpidem (Z-drugs) utilization are important for estimating the prevalence of medical conditions, providing the basis for pharmacovigilance, and identifying temporal trends of consumption. Such studies that involve the Israeli population have not been conducted yet. PURPOSE: Identify trends over time in utilization of BZDs and Z-drugs in a nationwide population in Israel. METHODS: Data on BZD and Z-drugs utilization (for all indications) for the period 2005 to 2013 were obtained from pharmaceutical companies that distribute BZDs in Israel...
October 13, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026623/a-case-of-vibrio-vulnificus-infection-complicated-with-fulminant-purpura-gene-and-biotype-analysis-of-the-pathogen
#5
Masatoshi Hori, Akifumi Nakayama, Daisuke Kitagawa, Hidetada Fukushima, Hideki Asai, Yasuyuki Kawai, Kazuo Okuchi
Introduction.Vibrio vulnificus (V. vulnificus) causes a severe infection that develops in the compromised host. Its pathophysiology is classified into three types: (1) primary septicaemia, (2) gastrointestinal illness pattern and (3) wound infection pattern. Of these, primary septicaemia is critical. V. vulnificus can be classified into three biotypes and two genotypes and its pathogenicity is type-dependent. Case presentation. A 47-year-old man presented to a local hospital with chief complaints of fever, bilateral lower limb pain and diarrhoea...
May 2017: JMM Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025848/ectopic-pregnancy-exploration-of-its-global-research-architecture-using-density-equalising-mapping-and-socioeconomic-benchmarks
#6
Dörthe Brüggmann, Jana Kollascheck, David Quarcoo, Michael H Bendels, Doris Klingelhöfer, Frank Louwen, Jenny M Jaque, David A Groneberg
OBJECTIVE: About 2% of all pregnancies are complicated by the implantation of the zygote outside the uterine cavity and termed ectopic pregnancy. Whereas a multitude of guidelines exists and related research is constantly growing, no thorough assessment of the global research architecture has been performed yet. Hence, we aim to assess the associated scientific activities in relation to geographical and chronological developments, existing research networks and socioeconomic parameters...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025438/pre-gestational-excessive-weight-and-duration-of-breast-feeding
#7
Andréa M Sotero, Haroldo da S Ferreira, Monica L Assunção, Pedro Israel C de Lira
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether pre-gestational obesity interferes with the duration of breast-feeding. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was carried out with a population-based probabilistic sample. The dependent variables were exclusive breast-feeding (EBF) and breast-feeding (BF), as defined by the WHO. The classification of pre-gestational nutritional status was based on the pre-gestational BMI category. SUBJECTS: A sample of 418 mother-infant pairs from the state of Alagoas, Brazil...
October 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025414/hiv-infected-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-israel-knowledge-attitudes-and-sexual-behavior
#8
Zohar Mor, Dan Turner, Yuval Livnat, Itzchak Levy
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected (HIVI) men who have sex with men (MSM) may transmit HIV to their sero-discordant sex partner/s. This study assesses the knowledge, attitudes and sex-practices of Israeli HIVI-MSM. METHODS: This cross-sectional study compared HIVI-MSM to self-reported HIV-uninfected (HIVU) MSM by using anonymous questionnaires that were distributed in AIDS-treatment centers and gay-related internet-sites in 2015. Unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) in the last 6 months was the outcome variable...
October 12, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025398/should-community-health-workers-offer-support-healthcare-services-to-survivors-of-sexual-violence-a-systematic-review
#9
Anne Gatuguta, Barbra Katusiime, Janet Seeley, Manuela Colombini, Isaac Mwanzo, Karen Devries
BACKGROUND: Sexual violence is widespread, yet relatively few survivors receive healthcare or complete treatment. In low and middle-income countries, community health workers (CHWs) have the potential to provide support services to large numbers of survivors. The aim of this review was to document the role of CHWs in sexual violence services. We aimed to: 1) describe existing models of CHWs services including characteristics of CHWs, services delivered and populations served; 2) explore acceptability of CHWs' services to survivors and feasibility of delivering such services; and 3) document the benefits and challenges of CHW-provided sexual violence services...
October 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024205/the-intact-%C3%A2-breast-lesion-excision-system-as-a-therapeutic-device-for-selected-benign-breast-lesions
#10
Miri Sklair-Levy, Shlomi Rayman, Ady Yosepovich, Andrew Zbar, David Goitein, Douglas Zippel
The aim of this paper is to evaluate our Unit's initial experience using the Intact breast lesion excision system as a therapeutic excision option for benign or borderline breast lesions, which otherwise would entail open operative excision. The study includes the first 111 patients who underwent therapeutic excision with the intact radiofrequency system between December 2012 and May 2016 performed at the Meirav Center for Breast Health, at the Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Ramat Gan Israel. The indications for the procedure included those patients who have benign, or atypical high risk lesions following a previous core needle biospy (CNB) who would have normally undergone conventional excision biopsy...
October 11, 2017: Breast Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024067/evaluation-of-multiplex-real-time-pcr-for-identifying-dermatophytes-in-clinical-samples-a-multicentre-study
#11
Shany Sherman, Maya Goshen, Orit Treigerman, Keren Ben-Zion, Marie-Jeanne Carp, Noam Maisler, Inbal Binsky Ehrenreich, Aviva Kimchi, Sara Lifshitz, Gill Smollan, Batya Davidovici, Michael David, Emmilia Hodak, Rina Segal
BACKGROUND: The gold-standard method for dermatophyte identification involves direct microscopy and culture, which have inherent shortcomings. Only few molecular methods have been standardised for routine clinical work. OBJECTIVES: To develop and test a platform for identifying the most common dermatophytes in Israel using multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). METHODS: Specific primers were designed for the multiplex system (LightCycler 480) according to known cultures and validated by reference isolates...
October 12, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023968/pregnant-metaphors-and-surrogate-meanings-bringing-the-ethnography-of-pregnancy-and-surrogacy-into-conversation-in-israel-and-beyond
#12
Tsipy Ivry, Elly Teman
This article explores the way that surrogacy and normal pregnancy share cultural assumptions about pregnancy. Through a juxtaposition of our ethnographic studies of two groups of Jewish-Israeli women-women who have undergone "normal," low-risk pregnancies and women who have given birth as gestational surrogates-we argue that surrogacy and pregnancy emerge as potent metaphors for one another. Both pregnant women and surrogates divided their bodies into two separate realms: fetus and maternal pregnant body. Both trivialized the effect of gestational influence on fetal health, making the fetus seem detached from gestational capacities of the mother...
October 11, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021123/red-blood-cell-storage-and-in-hospital-mortality-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-inform-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Richard J Cook, Nancy M Heddle, Ker-Ai Lee, Donald M Arnold, Mark A Crowther, Philip J Devereaux, Martin Ellis, Priscilla Figueroa, Andrea Kurz, David Roxby, Daniel I Sessler, Yehudit Sharon, Magdalena Sobieraj-Teague, Theodore E Warkentin, Kathryn E Webert, Rebecca Barty, Yang Liu, John W Eikelboom
BACKGROUND: No randomised trials have addressed whether exposure to red blood cells (RBCs) stored longer than 35 days is associated with harm in patients. We aimed to assess the risk of in-hospital mortality associated with transfusing blood stored longer than 35 days. METHODS: We did a secondary analysis of the INforming Fresh versus Old Red cell Management (INFORM) trial, a pragmatic, multicentre, randomised controlled trial of patients (≥18 years) admitted to one of six hospitals in Australia, Canada, Israel, and the USA and expected to need RBC transfusions...
October 5, 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020975/workforce-planning-going-beyond-the-count
#14
Lewis G Sandy
Every country struggles with how best to meet the demand for health care services with the available resources. This commentary offers a perspective on the Israeli physician workforce and the analyses of Horowitz et al., which found age and gender differences in physician productivity and career longevity, differences across specialties, and a sizeable fraction of licensed Israeli physicians living abroad. Workforce planning can be subject to data collection and statistical uncertainties, but even more important are the assumptions and forecasts related to demand for services and organizational arrangements for care delivery...
October 11, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020813/early-neonatal-hypoglycemia-incidence-of-and-risk-factors-a-cohort-study-using-universal-point-of-care-screening
#15
Ruben Bromiker, Assaf Perry, Yair Kasirer, Sharon Einav, Gil Klinger, Floris Levy-Khademi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the true incidence of early neonatal hypoglycemia and to confirm potential risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: The study was conducted at tertiary Medical Center in Israel, between June and September 2014. First blood glucose concentrations of all infants admitted to the nursery were measured using a "point of care" analyzer (Accu-Chek). We recorded risk factors for hypoglycemia such as birth weight, gestational age, maternal diabetes and demographics and analyzed their Association with two hypoglycemia cutoffs: 40 and 47 mg/dl...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020423/noninvasive-high-resolution-functional-macular-imaging-in-subjects-with-retinal-vein-occlusion
#16
Thalmon R Campagnoli, Gábor Márk Somfai, Jing Tian, Delia Cabrera DeBuc, William E Smiddy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Several imaging modalities have been developed to characterize ischemia inherent in retinal vascular diseases. This study aims to predict the impact and to better establish the mechanisms of visual deterioration. A high-resolution functional imaging device is used, yielding quantitative data for macular blood flow and capillary network features in healthy eyes and in eyes with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) or branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective, cross-sectional, comparative case series measured blood flow velocities (BFVs) and noninvasive capillary perfusion maps (nCPMs) in macular vessels in patients with BRVO/CRVO and in healthy controls using the Retinal Function Imager (RFI; Optical Imaging, Rehovot, Israel)...
October 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020345/plasmodium-malariae-in-israeli-travelers-a-nationwide-study
#17
Yarden Yavne, Eyal Leshem, Yael Paran, Eyal Nadir, Miriam Weinberger, Michal Stein, Neta Petersiel, Dafna Yahav, Tamar Grossman, Eli Schwartz
Background: Little is known about Plasmodium malariae, a relatively rare cause of malaria in returned travelers. Recently, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) use for malaria diagnosis has enhanced specificity of P. malariae detection. The study objective was to describe the unique aspects of P. malariae diagnosis and clinical course in travelers. Methods: Malaria is a reportable disease in Israel. All PCR-proven P. malariae monoinfections in Israeli travelers between January 2008 and January 2017 were retrieved from the Ministry of Health Reference Parasitology Laboratory...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020228/the-impact-of-a-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-outbreak-on-facilitating-development-of-a-national-infrastructure-for-infection-control-in-israel
#18
Mitchell J Schwaber, Yehuda Carmeli
In 2006 the Israeli healthcare system faced an unprecedented outbreak of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, primarily involving KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae clonal complex CC258. This public health crisis exposed major gaps in infection control. In response, Israel established a national infection control infrastructure. The steps taken to build this infrastructure and benefits realized from its creation are described here.
July 19, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020218/pan-serotype-reduction-in-progression-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-to-otitis-media-after-rollout-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines
#19
Joseph A Lewnard, Noga Givon-Lavi, Daniel M Weinberger, Marc Lipsitch, Ron Dagan
Background: Reductions in otitis media (OM) burden following rollout of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) have exceeded predictions of vaccine impact. In settings with active surveillance, reductions in OM caused by vaccine-targeted pneumococcal serotypes have co-occurred with reductions in OM caused by other pathogens carried in the upper-respiratory tract of children. To understand these changes, we investigated the progression of vaccine-targeted and non-vaccine pneumococcal serotypes from carriage to OM before and after vaccine rollout...
July 29, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020149/a-coordinated-and-sustained-response-to-the-threat-of-antibiotic-resistance-is-critical-lessons-learned-from-israel
#20
Valeria Fabre, Sara E Cosgrove
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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