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Nfkb exosome

Gautam N Shenoy, Jenni Loyall, Orla Maguire, Vandana Iyer, Raymond J Kelleher, Hans Minderman, Paul K Wallace, Kunle Odunsi, Sathy V Balu-Iyer, Richard B Bankert
Nano-sized membrane-encapsulated extracellular vesicles isolated from the ascites fluids of ovarian cancer patients are identified as exosomes based on their biophysical and compositional characteristics. We report here that T cells pulsed with these tumor-associated exosomes during TCR-dependent activation inhibit various activation endpoints including translocation of NFκB and NFAT into the nucleus, upregulation of CD69 and CD107a, production of cytokines, and cell proliferation. In addition, the activation of virus-specific CD8+ T cells that are stimulated with the cognate viral peptides presented in the context of class I MHC is also suppressed by the exosomes...
February 2018: Cancer Immunology Research
Dagny von Ahrens, Tushar D Bhagat, Deepak Nagrath, Anirban Maitra, Amit Verma
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a lethal cancer generally refractory to conventional treatments. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are cellular components of the desmoplastic stroma characteristic to the tumor that contributes to this treatment resistance. Various markers for CAFs have been explored including palladin and CD146 that have prognostic and functional roles in the pathobiology of PDAC. Mechanisms of CAF-tumor cell interaction have been described including exosomal transfer and paracrine signaling mediated by cytokines such as GM-CSF and IL-6...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Lucia Paolini, Andrea Zendrini, Giuseppe Di Noto, Sara Busatto, Elisabetta Lottini, Annalisa Radeghieri, Alessandra Dossi, Andrea Caneschi, Doris Ricotta, Paolo Bergese
Exosomes are gaining a prominent role in research due to their intriguing biology and several therapeutic opportunities. However, their accurate purification from body fluids and detailed physicochemical characterization remain open issues. We isolated exosomes from serum of patients with Multiple Myeloma by four of the most popular purification methods and assessed the presence of residual contaminants in the preparations through an ad hoc combination of biochemical and biophysical techniques - including Western Blot, colloidal nanoplasmonics, atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning helium ion microscopy (HIM)...
March 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
Johnathon D Anderson, Henrik J Johansson, Calvin S Graham, Mattias Vesterlund, Missy T Pham, Charles S Bramlett, Elizabeth N Montgomery, Matt S Mellema, Renee L Bardini, Zelenia Contreras, Madeline Hoon, Gerhard Bauer, Kyle D Fink, Brian Fury, Kyle J Hendrix, Frederic Chedin, Samir El-Andaloussi, Billie Hwang, Michael S Mulligan, Janne Lehtiö, Jan A Nolta
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are known to facilitate healing of ischemic tissue related diseases through proangiogenic secretory proteins. Recent studies further show that MSC derived exosomes function as paracrine effectors of angiogenesis, however, the identity of which components of the exosome proteome responsible for this effect remains elusive. To address this we used high-resolution isoelectric focusing coupled liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, an unbiased high throughput proteomics approach to comprehensively characterize the proteinaceous contents of MSCs and MSC derived exosomes...
March 2016: Stem Cells
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