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Masahiro Kinoshita, Sachiko Iwata, Hisayoshi Okamura, Mamoru Saikusa, Naoko Hara, Chihoko Urata, Yuko Araki, Osuke Iwata
Studies suggested the presence of foetal adrenal rhythms of cortisol, which are entrained in antiphase to maternal rhythms. In contrast, neonates are thought to have no adrenal rhythm until 2-3 months after birth. To test the hypothesis that a foetal-type adrenal rhythm is preserved after birth, saliva samples were collected from 65 preterm/term infants during hospital stay (30-40 weeks corrected age) at 10:00 and 19:00 h. Cortisol levels were assessed for their diurnal difference and dependence on antenatal/postnatal clinical variables...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
Ichiro Kurokawa, Naoki Oiso, Akira Kawada
The standard management of acne vulgaris in Japan includes a combination of topical treatment with benzoyl peroxide (BPO) and BPO/clindamycin (CLDM), topical adapalene and systemic antimicrobials. However, the treatment of therapy-resistant complications such as postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), erosions with inflamed red papules and atrophic scars has not been established. We performed chemical peeling with glycolic acid and iontophoresis with ascorbyl 2-phosphate 6-palmitate and DL-α-tocopherol phosphate for the treatment of PIH, erosions with inflamed red papules and non-inflamed atrophic scars in 31 patients with acne vulgaris (mild to severe severity), and evaluated the efficacy and safety of these interventions...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Dermatology
Joia S Mukherjee, Danika Barry, Robert D Weatherford, Ishaan K Desai, Paul E Farmer
The advent of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 1996 brought with it an urgent need to develop models of health care delivery that could enable its effective and equitable delivery, especially to patients living in poverty. Community-based care, which stretches from patient homes and communities-where chronic infectious diseases are often best managed-to modern health centers and hospitals, offers such a model, providing access to proximate HIV care and minimizing structural barriers to retention. We first review the recent literature on community-based ART programs in low- and low-to-middle-income country settings and document two key principles that guide effective programs: decentralization of ART services and long-term retention of patients in care...
October 13, 2016: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
Florentine F Thurik, Marije Lamain-de Ruiter, Ahmad Javadi, Anneke Kwee, Heleen Woortmeijer, Godelieve C M L Page-Christiaens, Arie Franx, C Ellen van der Schoot, Wendy Koster
OBJECTIVE: To study associations of first trimester cell-free fetal DNA levels (in this paper referred to as cell-free placental DNA (cfpDNA) levels) and preeclampsia (PE), pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), gestational diabetes (GDM) and spontaneous preterm birth (sPB). METHOD: A nested case-control study was conducted in first trimester samples (gestational age (GA) 8(+0) -13(+6) weeks). A total of 226 cases and 301 controls were included. CfpDNA levels were quantified in male-bearing pregnancies using real-time DYS14-PCRs on DNA isolated from maternal serum...
October 12, 2016: Prenatal Diagnosis
Saki Horie, Kyoko Nomura, Junko Nakagawa, Michiko Kido, Mitsuhiro Sugimoto
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the predisposing factors associated with blood loss after delivery in mothers with full-term singleton babies. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we investigated 1,294 women who delivered singleton babies vaginally in 2011 at a medical center in Tokyo. We determined the amount of blood loss after delivery and covariates of age, parity, pre pregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG), gestational week, pregnancy complications, lifestyles of smoking and drinking, placental weight, and infant weight and sex...
2016: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
Shun Yasuda, Hyo Kyozuka, Yasuhisa Nomura, Keiya Fujimori, Aya Goto, Seiji Yasumura, Kennichi Hata, Tetsuya Ohira, Masafumi Abe
OBJECTIVE: The Great East Japan Earthquake and Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster occurred on the March 11, 2011.We investigated the incidence of SGA (small for gestational age) in the Fukushima Prefecture in newborns delivered by women who were pregnant at the time of the disasters and identified any risk factors for SGA. METHODS: Subjects were women who were pregnant at the time of the disasters. Questionnaires were sent to the women who lived in the Hamadori area (seaside and near to the nuclear power plant) at the time of the disasters as well as to a control group of women who lived outside the Hamadori area...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Karin Veldman, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Maarten M H Lahr, Ronald J Uittenbroek, Klaske Wynia
BACKGROUND: Self-management is an important asset in helping older adults remain independent and in control for as long as possible. There is no reliable and valid measurement instrument to evaluate self-management behaviour of older adults. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to design a measurement instrument, that is the Partners in Health scale for older adults (PIH-OA), to assess self-management knowledge and behaviour of community-living older adults and to examine its psychometric properties in a Dutch context...
October 7, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Zamir Damani
INTRODUCTION: One of the most common and potential life threatening complications of pregnancy is pregnancy induced hypertension. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationship between platelet count and pregnancy induced hypertension. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty (20) patients (subjects) and twenty (20) healthy pregnant women (control) visiting the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital University of "Koço Gliozheni" Tirana Albania were registered in the study and followed during their pregnancy...
July 24, 2016: Materia Socio-medica
Corrado Cancedda, Sheila M Davis, Kerry L Dierberg, Jonathan Lascher, J Daniel Kelly, Mohammed Bailor Barrie, Alimamy Philip Koroma, Peter George, Adikali Alpha Kamara, Ronald Marsh, Manso S Sumbuya, Cameron T Nutt, Kirstin W Scott, Edgar Thomas, Katherine Bollbach, Andrew Sesay, Ahmidu Barrie, Elizabeth Barrera, Kathryn Barron, John Welch, Nahid Bhadelia, Raphael G Frankfurter, Ophelia M Dahl, Sarthak Das, Rebecca E Rollins, Bryan Eustis, Amanda Schwartz, Piero Pertile, Ilias Pavlopoulos, Allan Mayfield, Regan H Marsh, Yusupha Dibba, Danielle Kloepper, Andrew Hall, Karin Huster, Michael Grady, Kimberly Spray, David A Walton, Fodei Daboh, Cora Nally, Sahr James, Gabriel S Warren, Joyce Chang, Michael Drasher, Gina Lamin, Sherry Bangura, Ann C Miller, Annie P Michaelis, Ryan McBain, M Jana Broadhurst, Megan Murray, Eugene T Richardson, Ted Philip, Gary L Gottlieb, Joia S Mukherjee, Paul E Farmer
An epidemic of Ebola virus disease (EVD) beginning in 2013 has claimed an estimated 11 310 lives in West Africa. As the EVD epidemic subsides, it is important for all who participated in the emergency Ebola response to reflect on strengths and weaknesses of the response. Such reflections should take into account perspectives not usually included in peer-reviewed publications and after-action reports, including those from the public sector, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), survivors of Ebola, and Ebola-affected households and communities...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Archana D Rathod, Rohidas P Chavan, Vijay Bhagat, Sandhya Pajai, Atul Padmawar, Prachi Thool
OBJECTIVE: (1) To determine the incidence of near-miss, maternal death and mortality index; (2) to compare near-miss cases as per WHO criteria with that of maternal mortality; and (3) to study the causes of near-miss and maternal deaths. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Shri Vasantrao Naik Govt. Medical College, Yavatmal, India. STUDY POPULATION: All cases of near-miss as per newer WHO criteria and maternal deaths...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Varsha L Deshmukh, Milind Jadhav, Kanan Yelikar
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To review the effects of obesity (BMI > 30) on antepartum risk/intrapartum risk. To study neonatal outcome of pregnant women with raised BMI. MATERIAL METHOD: BMI of 500 pregnant women booked before 12 weeks calculated and categorised as normal, overweight, obese and morbidly obese at GMCH, Aurangabad. Pregnant women with systemic disease and previous LSCS were excluded. Antepartum, intrapartum and neonatal variables were studied, and statistical analysis was carried out...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Neha Jain, Asha Verma, Lata Rajoria
OBJECTIVE: Early detection of changes in cardiovascular echocardiographic systolic parameters and their comparison with normotensives women. METHODS: This was a hospital-based prospective case-control study carried out in Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in S.M.S Medical College, Jaipur, during the period from February 2013 to December 2014. In total, 100 women were enrolled in the study after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria. All women underwent two-dimensional echocardiography at rest...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Laxmi Maru, Monica Verma, Neha Jinsiwale
OBJECTIVE: To find the correlation between serum homocysteine levels, relevant laboratory investigations and complications associated with PIH. METHODS: This was a prospective study conducted over 2 years. Two hundred and fourteen cases were studied. They were divided into mild preeclampsia (64), severe preeclampsia (50), eclampsia (32) and control groups (68). Parameters evaluated for statistical analysis were blood pressure, platelet counts, SGOT, SGPT and serum homocysteine levels...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Koumudi Godbole, Aparna Kulkarni, Asawari Kanade, Shilpa Kulkarni, Girish Godbole, Anuradha Wakankar
OBJECTIVE: To find out whether maternal serum screening for fetal chromosomal aneuploidy predicts adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: A two-year retrospective case-control study was conducted at a tertiary hospital. Pregnant women with a high-risk serum screen but with chromosomally normal fetuses (n = 189) were compared to those with low-risk screen (controls, n = 157) for adverse pregnancy outcomes. RESULTS: Women with high-risk double marker or combined screen were found to have higher prevalence of LBW [OR 2...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Abha Singh, Avinashi Kujur
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of single-step universal screening in first trimester and its effectiveness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three thousand women attending antenatal clinic of Pt JNM Medical College, Raipur, were screened with 75 gm OGTT in their first trimester irrespective of their last meal, and those who were screened negative were again subjected to OGTT at 24-28 weeks. The women were followed throughout pregnancy till delivery. Any maternal or perinatal complications were noted...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Heidi Wat, Douglas C Wu, Henry Hin Lee Chan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Fractionated photothermolysis (FP) has revolutionized modern laser technology. By creating selective columns of microthermal damage, fractionated devices allows for greater treatment depths to be achieved without the prolonged downtime and risk of complications seen in traditional fully ablative laser resurfacing. Fractional resurfacing is a proven method to treat a variety of cutaneous conditions. In the Caucasian patient, a wide range of devices and treatment settings can be utilized safely and effectively...
September 8, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Xian-Ling Zeng, Ya-Fei Zhang, Quan Tian, Yan Xue, Rui-Fang An
AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of metformin on pregnancy outcomes in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: We searched electronic databases and bibliographies of relevant papers to identify studies comparing the pregnancy outcomes in the metformin group with those in the placebo or blank control group. Then, we did this meta-analysis based on the PRISMA guidelines. The primary outcomes included early pregnancy loss (EPL), preterm delivery, term delivery, and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Minako Inoue, Takuya Tsuchihashi, Yasuyuki Hasuo, Masanobu Ogawa, Mitsuhiro Tominaga, Kimika Arakawa, Emi Oishi, Satoko Sakata, Toshio Ohtsubo, Kiyoshi Matsumura, Takanari Kitazono
BACKGROUND: The relationship between salt (sodium chloride) intake and pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) remains unclear. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate the current status of salt intake during pregnancy and identify effective predictors for PIH. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants were 184 pregnant women who collected 24-h home urine as well as early morning urine samples. We investigated urinary salt excretion, home blood pressure (HBP) measurements for 7 consecutive days before the 20th and after the 30th gestational week, and the development of PIH...
September 23, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
Anke Lenferink, Tanja Effing, Peter Harvey, Malcolm Battersby, Peter Frith, Wendy van Beurden, Job van der Palen, Muirne C S Paap
OBJECTIVE: The 12-item Partners in Health scale (PIH) was developed in Australia to measure self-management behaviour and knowledge in patients with chronic diseases, and has undergone several changes. Our aim was to assess the construct validity and reliability of the latest PIH version in Dutch COPD patients. METHODS: The 12 items of the PIH, scored on a self-rated 9-point Likert scale, are used to calculate total and subscale scores (knowledge; coping; recognition and management of symptoms; and adherence to treatment)...
2016: PloS One
Amir Hossein Siadat, Fariba Iraji, Reza Bahrami, Mohammad Ali Nilfroushzadeh, Ali Asilian, Sheila Shariat, Zahra Nikyar, Safura Bokaie
BACKGROUND: Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is a common problem occurs following many dermatologic diseases and medical interventions. Different modalities including topical agents, lasers and intense pulsed light (IPL) are suggested for treatment of the post-burn PIH. In the current study, we evaluated the efficacy of IPL plus modified Kligman cream (MODIFIED KLIGMAN CREAM) versus MODIFIED KLIGMAN CREAM alone in the treatment of the post-burn PIH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomized, non-blinded clinical trial...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
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