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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782139/obstetric-outcomes-after-fresh-versus-frozen-thawed-embryo-transfers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Matheus Roque, Marcello Valle, Marcos Sampaio, Selmo Geber
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if there are differences in the risks of obstetric outcomes in IVF/ICSI singleton pregnancies when compared fresh to frozen-thawed embryo transfers (FET). METHODS: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating the obstetric outcomes in singleton pregnancies after FET and fresh embryo transfer. The outcomes included in this study were pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), pre-eclampsia, placenta previa, and placenta accreta. RESULTS: The search yielded 654 papers, 6 of which met the inclusion criteria and reported on obstetric outcomes...
May 21, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741156/systematic-studies-of-all-pih-proteins-in-zebrafish-reveal-their-distinct-roles-in-axonemal-dynein-assembly
#2
Hiroshi Yamaguchi, Toshiyuki Oda, Masahide Kikkawa, Hiroyuki Takeda
Construction of motile cilia/flagella requires cytoplasmic preassembly of axonemal dyneins before transport into cilia. Axonemal dyneins have various subtypes, but the roles of each dynein subtype and their assembly processes remain elusive in vertebrates. The PIH protein family, consisting of four members, has been implicated in the assembly of different dynein subtypes, although evidence for this idea is sparse. Here, we established zebrafish mutants of all four PIH-protein genes: pih1d1 , pih1d2 , ktu , and twister , and analyzed the structures of axonemal dyneins in mutant spermatozoa by cryo-electron tomography...
May 9, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726114/high-fluence-1064-nm-q-switched-nd-yag-laser-safe-and-effective-treatment-of-caf%C3%A3-au-lait-macules-in-asian-patients
#3
Jin Ok Baek, Il-Joong Park, Kyung Real Lee, Ha Ryeong Ryu, Jeongsoo Kim, Seulki Lee, Yu Ri Kim, Hoon Hur
OBJECTIVES: Café-au-lait macules (CALMs) are benign cutaneous hyperpigmentary disorders. Usually, laser therapies for cosmetic concerns result in more severe side effects in the people of Asian descent than that of Caucasians. Unfortunately, there is no gold standard for the laser treatment of CALMs in skin of people of Asian descent. To investigate the efficacy and safety of a high-fluence 1064-nm Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser treatment of CALMs in Asian patients...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714512/association-of-angiotensin-receptor-2-gene-polymorphisms-with-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-risk
#4
Chenyang Li, Weijun Peng, Heng Zhang, Weirong Yan
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of polymorphisms and haplotypes of angiotensin receptor 2 (AT2R) gene with pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) in Chinese Han women. METHODS: A case-control study was designed with 446 cases (gestational hypertension, GH: 124; pre-eclampsia, PE + eclampsia, E: 322) and 650 controls. rs5193, rs1403543 and rs12710567 of AT2R gene were genotyped. A logistic regression approach was applied to estimate the relationship between the polymorphisms and haplotypes of AT2Rgene with PIH risk...
May 1, 2018: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680782/usefulness-of-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-patients-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Begoña Sánchez-Lechuga, Almudena Lara-Barea, Juan Antonio Córdoba-Doña, Ana Montero Galván, Alicia Abal Cruz, Manuel Aguilar-Diosdado, Cristina López-Tinoco
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated to an increased risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) has been used to detect PIH and preeclampsia, but few data are currently available on its use in women with GDM. The aim of this study was to achieve early identification in women with GDM of BP profiles (detected by ABPM) that could define a population at greater risk of developing PIH and preeclampsia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective study of 93 normotensive women with GDM in whom 24-h ABPM was performed (using a Spacelabs 90207 monitor) at 28-32 weeks of pregnancy...
April 18, 2018: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675495/maternal-history-and-uterine-artery-wave-form-in-the-prediction-of-early-onset-and-late-onset-preeclampsia-a-cohort-study
#6
Nidhi Sharma, Krishnamurthy Jayashree, Kulasekaran Nadhamuni
Background: Pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) is a significant cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. Pregnancy-induced-hypertension can be prevented by identification of prenatal and antenatal factors. The uterine artery Doppler waveform transforms into a high flow with low resistance at 22-24 wk. Objective: To study the maternal risk factors and uterine artery Doppler waveform in singleton mid-trimester pregnancy and predict the occurrence of pregnancy-induced hypertension ...
February 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674192/predictive-value-of-sflt-1-plgf-sflt-1-plgf-ratio-and-papp-a-for-late-onset-preeclampsia-and-iugr-between-32-and-37-weeks-of-pregnancy
#7
C Birdir, L Droste, L Fox, M Frank, J Fryze, A Enekwe, A Köninger, R Kimmig, B Schmidt, A Gellhaus
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate, whether maternal serum levels of sFlt-1, PlGF and PAPP-A at third trimester of pregnancy are associated with late-onset PE and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) after 34 weeks of pregnancy. METHODS: This was a prospective study measuring the maternal serum levels of soluble tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), placental growth factor (PlGF) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) at 32-37 weeks of pregnancy: 730 patients were enrolled and 676 had neither intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) nor preeclampsia (PE) or pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) throughout the pregnancy...
April 11, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644330/pregnancy-complications-in-infertile-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-updated-evidences
#8
Stefano Palomba, Angela Falbo, Jessica Daolio, Francesco A Battaglia, Giovanni B LA Sala
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common female disorder with a pathogenesis still today not completely known. To the present, PCOS is considered more than just a reproductive disorder since several metabolic consequences that could affect women's health during different stages of reproductive and post-reproductive life were reported. The aim of the current review was to evaluate present evidence-based data regarding the pregnancy complications in infertile patients with PCOS. An extensive literature search until February 2018 was performed in PubMed, Medline, the Cochrane Library and Web of Science...
April 11, 2018: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630132/effects-of-sevoflurane-or-propofol-combined-with-remifentanil-anesthesia-on-clinical-efficacy-and-stress-response-in-pregnant-women-with-pregnancy-induced-hypertension
#9
L-Q Ren, X-X Sun, Y Guan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of sevoflurane or propofol combined with remifentanil anesthesia on the clinical efficacy and stress response of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIHS) in cesarean section. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 150 patients with PIHS and treated with cesarean section in our hospital from May 2015 to September 2016 were selected. All patients were randomly divided into sevoflurane-remifentanil group (n=75) and propofol-remifentanil (n=75). The elbow blood of patients in both groups were collected, the levels of Norepinephrine (NE) adrenaline (AD), cortisol and blood glucose in plasma were compared at before anesthesia induction (T0), operation 30 min (T1), end of operation (T2), 2 h after operation (T3), 24 h after operation (T4)...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628552/ultrasonographic-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-as-a-surrogate-measure-of-raised-intracranial-pressure-in-severe-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-patients
#10
Shiv Kumar Singh, Kiran Bhatia
Context: It is a well-known fact that severe pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) can be disastrous at times as it can cause a lot of complications to both pregnant women and her baby. Hence, it is always desirable to know the extent of severity by a real-time and easily accessible modality like ultrasound. Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence of raised intracranial pressure (ICP) in severe preeclampsia and eclampsia patients using ocular ultrasonography with optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measurement...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608215/prospective-study-of-removing-solar-lentigines-in-asians-using-a-novel-dual-wavelength-and-dual-pulse-width-picosecond-laser
#11
Kei Negishi, Hirotaka Akita, Yukiko Matsunaga
OBJECTIVES: Quality-switched (QS) lasers are known to be an effective treatment for removing solar lentigines, however, high incidence of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is a concern in darker skin types. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a dual-wavelength and dual-pulse width picosecond Nd:YAG laser for removing solar lentigines in Asians. METHODS: This was a prospective, IRB-approved study. Twenty cases with solar lentigines on the face were enrolled for treatment and evaluated at 1- and 3-month after the final treatment...
April 2, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572730/could-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-improve-survival-among-severely-injured-patients-with-post-intubation-hypotension
#12
REVIEW
Ramiro Manzano-Nunez, Juan Pablo Herrera-Escobar, Joseph DuBose, Tal Hörer, Samuel Galvagno, Claudia Patricia Orlas, Michael W Parra, Federico Coccolini, Massimo Sartelli, Juan Camilo Falla-Martinez, Alberto Federico García, Julian Chica, Maria Paula Naranjo, Alvaro Ignacio Sanchez, Camilo Jose Salazar, Luis Eduardo Calderón-Tapia, Valeria Lopez-Castilla, Paula Ferrada, Ernest E Moore, Carlos A Ordonez
Current literature shows the association of post-intubation hypotension and increased odds of mortality in critically ill non-trauma and trauma populations. However, there is a lack of research on potential interventions that can prevent or ameliorate the consequences of endotracheal intubation and thus improve the prognosis of trauma patients with post-intubation hypotension. This review paper hypothesizes that the deployment of REBOA among trauma patients with PIH, by its physiologic effects, will reduce the odds of mortality in this population...
March 23, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568742/therapeutic-effect-of-long-term-epidural-block-in-rats-with-pregnancy-induced-hypertension
#13
Nianjiao Han, Yang Li, Youjing Dong
Background: Pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) causes a variety of systemic disorders that negatively affect the maternal placenta and fetal growth. Epidural sympathetic block elicits symptoms of decreased blood pressure. This study was designed to determine the therapeutic effect of long-term epidural block in rats with PIH. Methods: Forty healthy pregnant Sprague Dawley rats were randomized into four groups with each group consisting of 10 rats. On gestation day (GD) 14, rats in control group underwent a sham procedure; rats in RUPP group were operated on to obtain reduced uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP); rats in RUPP plus normal saline (NS) group were also subjected to the RUPP procedure and underwent epidural block with 25  μ l normal saline twice daily until delivery; rats in RUPP plus epidural block (EB) group were treated as those in RUPP plus NS group except that an epidural block with 25  μ l of 0...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564260/seasonal-variation-in-the-prevalence-of-preeclampsia
#14
Fatemeh Janani, Farahnaz Changaee
Introduction: Hypertension in pregnancy is one of the three factors of maternal mortality. Etiology of the disease is unknown, but the many factors contributing to the identification and control of it can be taken a step to prevent and reduce the symptoms of the disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of preeclampsia (high-blood pressure) in different seasons of the year. Methods: The present retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on more than 8,000 pregnant women visiting Assali specialized hospital from 2011 to 2013...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537320/pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-two-latin-american-populations
#15
Carolina Fux-Otta, Manuel Maliqueo, Bárbara Echiburú, Otilio Rosato, Nicolás Crisosto, Gabriel S Iraci, Marta Fiol de Cuneo, Paula Szafryk de Mereshian, Teresa Sir-Petermann
Pregnancy complications and obstetric outcomes were compared in 80 Chilean (PPCOSCh ) and 70 Argentinian (PPCOSAr ) pregnant women. Reference groups of Chilean and Argentinian normal pregnant women from the same antenatal care units were also compared. PPCOSCh showed a higher prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) (OR, 2.28, 95% CI: 1.08-4.77, p = .030) and a lower prevalence of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) (OR, 0.20, 95% CI: 0.07-0.54, p = .001) compared to PPCOSAr . In the normal pregnant groups, the prevalence of PIH was lower in Chilean women compared to Argentinian women (OR, 0...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525688/comparing-the-risk-of-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-of-chinese-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-with-and-without-antiandrogenic-pretreatment
#16
Yanglu Li, Xiangyan Ruan, Husheng Wang, Xue Li, Guiju Cai, Juan Du, Lijuan Wang, Yue Zhao, Alfred O Mueck
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of adverse pregnancy outcomes in healthy Chinese women and to investigate whether these outcomes could be decreased in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) by ethinylestradiol/cyproterone acetate (EE/CPA) pretreatment. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Medical university. PATIENT(S): Six thousand healthy women (group A) were selected from 24,566 pregnant women by randomized sampling...
April 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524302/treatment-outcomes-of-tb-infected-individuals-attending-public-sector-primary-care-clinics-in-rural-liberia-from-2015-to-2017-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Eugene Wickett, André Peralta-Santos, Jason Beste, Mary Micikas, Foriest Toe, Julia Rogers, Lassana Jabateh, Bradley H Wagenaar
OBJECTIVES: In June 2015, Partners in Health (PIH) and the Liberian Ministry of Health began a community health worker (CHW) programme containing food support, reimbursement of transport and social assistance to address gaps in tuberculosis (TB) treatment exacerbated by the 2014-2015 Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic. The purpose of this article was to analyse the performance of routine clinical TB care and the effects of this CHW programme. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study utilising data from TB patient registers at a census of all health facilities treating TB in the south-east region of Liberia from January 2015 - April 2017...
May 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519275/-effect-of-different-concentrations-of-hypertonic-sodium-fluid-resuscitation-on-intestine-injury-in-rats-at-the-early-stage-of-severe-burn
#18
Yexiang Sun, Chunyu Yuan, Xulin Chen, Fei Wang, Congsong Sun, Zhi Gao, Sheng Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of different concentrations of hypertonic saline solution (HS) on intestine injury in rats at the early stage of severe burn. METHODS: 104 adult healthy female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into five groups: sham group (n = 8), lactated Ringer solution (LR) group (n = 24) and 200, 300, 400 mmol/L HS group (HS200 group, HS300 group, HS400 group, all n = 24). All the rats in LR group and different concentrations of HS groups were scalded for 30% total body surface area (TBSA) with III degree, after immediately, the rats were given burn resuscitation therapy by LR or corresponding concentrations of HS through the tail vein...
March 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518457/assessing-the-safety-of-superficial-chemical-peels-in-darker-skin-a-retrospective-study
#19
Shalini Vemula, Mayra B C Maymone, Eric A Secemsky, Raphael Widjajahakim, Nicole M Patzelt, Dana Saade, Neelam A Vashi
BACKGROUND: Chemical peels have shown efficacy in the treatment of acne, photoaging, and pigmentary dyschromias; however, studies evaluating side effects, particularly in patients with skin of color, are limited. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the frequency of side effects and complications associated with superficial chemical peels in patients with skin types III-VI. METHODS: A 5-year single center retrospective analysis was performed...
March 5, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505310/intradermal-tranexamic-acid-injections-to-prevent-post-inflammatory-hyperpigmentation-after-solar-lentigo-removal-with-a-q-switched-532-nm-nd-yag-laser
#20
Punyaphat Sirithanabadeekul, Rattima Srieakpanit
INTRODUCTION: Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) after solar lentigo removal using a Q-switched (QS) 532-nm Nd:YAG laser is a cause for concern. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intradermal injections of tranexamic acid (TA) at reducing the risk of PIH after QS 532-nm Nd:YAG laser treatment of solar lentigines. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with 50 solar lentigines on forearms underwent QS 532-nm Nd:YAG laser treatment. Then, TA (50 mg/mL) was injected randomly into one lesion and 0...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
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