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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226875/dihydrocapsaicin-induced-hypothermia-after-asphyxiai-cardiac-arrest-in-rats
#1
Junyun He, Leanne Young, Xiaofeng Jia, Junyun He, Leanne Young, Xiaofeng Jia, Xiaofeng Jia, Leanne Young, Junyun He
Cardiac arrest (CA) is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in the world. Fast, reversible and controllable pharmaceutical-induced hypothermia (PIH) is strongly desired to treat ischemia-reperfusion brain injury. Dihydrocapsaicin (DHC), an agonist of transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 cation channel (TRPV1), is an emerging candidate for PIH. Its capability to lower body temperature has been validated in both healthy and stroke animal models. However, DHC has shown cardiovascular effects and its safety and feasibility in a CA model has not been tested...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216926/urological-disorders-and-pregnancy-an-overall-experience
#2
Debasmita Mandal, Mriganka Mouli Saha, Dillip Kumar Pal
AIM: Pregnancy is an anatomical and physiological altered state and the presence of various urological problems not only aggravates the disease itself, but also results in unfavourable pregnancy outcome. Aim is to highlight obstetric outcome in pregnant women with urological problems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Longitudinal prospective cohort study conducted in tertiary care hospital, IPGME and R, Kolkata from Jan 2011 to Dec 2012. All pregnant women with urological problems were included as subjects...
January 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216710/anaesthesia-for-emergency-caesarean-section-in-a-morbidly-obese-achondroplastic-patient-with-pih-feasibility-of-neuraxial-anaesthesia
#3
Ridhima Sharma, Rohan Magoon, Ripon Choudhary, Punit Khanna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210016/oxidative-stress-marker-and-pregnancy-induced-hypertension
#4
Dragica Draganovic, Nenad Lucic, Dragica Jojic
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) is a state of extremely increased oxidative stress. Hence, research and test of role and significance of oxidative stress in hypertensive disturbance in pregnancy is very important. AIM: Aims of this research were to determine a level of thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) as oxidative stress marker in blood of pregnant woman with pregnancy induced hypertension and to analyze correlation of TBARS values with blood pressure values in pregnancy induced hypertensive pregnant women...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208844/spectrum-of-factors-triggering-endothelial-dysfunction-in-pih
#5
Visala Sree Jammalamadaga, Philips Abraham
INTRODUCTION: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a major cause of maternal and fetal/neonatal mortality and morbidity. The aetiology and pathogenesis of PE is yet to be completely understood. Evidence shows that, Endothelial Dysfunction (ED) plays a pivotal role in the genesis of this multi-system disorder that develops in PE and eclampsia. AIM: To determine the circulating levels of factors Malondialdehyde (MDA), Ferric Reducing Ability of Plasma-α (FRAP), Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF-α), sFlt-1, VEGF, PlGF, Nitric Oxide (NO) that influence the ED...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168842/bilateral-lung-metastasectomy-in-carcinoma-of-the-ampulla-of-vater
#6
Gyu Young Pih, Dong Kwan Kim, Kwang-Min Park, Heung-Moon Chang
The efficacy of lung metastasectomy is well established in several cancers, including colorectal cancer. However, little is known about the result of lung metastasectomy in carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater. Only two case reports have reported the efficacy of metastasectomy in ampullary cancer patients with pulmonary metastasis. We report the result of bilateral lung metastasectomy in a patient with ampullary cancer. A 63-year-old woman underwent pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy for carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater...
February 7, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165570/effect-of-serum-high-molecular-weight-adiponectin-level-on-the-occurrence-of-eclampsia-during-subsequent-pregnancy-in-patients-with-primary-pregnancy-induced-hypertension
#7
Y Zhou, Z-H Chen, X-L Zhao, Y-H Qiao, R-X Guo
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of serum levels of high molecular weight adiponectin (HMWA) on the occurrence of eclampsia during subsequent pregnancy in patients with primary pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with primary PIH (observation group) and sixty patients without primary PIH (control group) were consecutively selected. ELISA was used to measure the serum levels of HMWA. The differences in the occurrence of eclampsia during subsequent pregnancy between the two groups were compared...
January 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156491/integrating-a-palliative-care-longitudinal-track-into-a-family-medicine-residency-program
#8
(no author information available yet)
: 156 Background: Palliative care and Palliative care skills are being instituted in many hospitals and clinics as they have been shown to improve health care outcomes and decrease costs. While health care organizations are adopting these coordinated care programs, finding competent physicians to work effectively in these programs is difficult. METHODS: PIH Health Hospital Whittier Family Medicine Residency Program developed a longitdudinal Palliative Care and Chronic Disease track to generate a transformed workforce of future family physicians that can deliver innovative, empathetic and effective care for seriously ill patients who are at risk due to health disparities, advanced multiple chronic conditions, or frailty...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133548/assessment-of-serum-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-levels-in-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-patients
#9
Vibha Tandon, Swati Hiwale, Dnyanesh Amle, Tripti Nagaria, Pradeep Kumar Patra
Objective. The objective of the study was to assess the serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels in peripheral blood of patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and find association between serum VEGF levels and PIH. Methods. Thirty-five PIH subjects, 35 normal pregnant females, and 20 normal healthy females were included in the study. Detailed history, clinical examination, and relevant biochemical parameters were assessed; serum VEGF levels were estimated using Double-antibody enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119777/port-site-incisional-hernia-a-case-series-of-54-patients
#10
A Lambertz, B O Stüben, B Bock, R Eickhoff, A Kroh, C D Klink, U P Neumann, C J Krones
BACKGROUND: The increased use of laparoscopy has resulted in certain complications specifically associated with the laparoscopic approach, such as port-site incisional hernia (PIH). Until today, it is not finally clarified if port-site closure should be performed by fascia suture or not. Furthermore, the optimal treatment strategy in PIH (suture vs. mesh) is still widely unclear. The aim of this study was to present our experience with PIH in two independent departments and to derive possible treatment strategies from these results...
February 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114204/treatment-of-postinflammatory-hyperpigmentation-with-a-combination-of-glycolic-acid-peels-and-a-topical-regimen-in-dark-skinned-patients-a-comparative-study
#11
Rashmi Sarkar, Nisha V Parmar, Sheilly Kapoor
BACKGROUND: Facial postinflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) is challenging to manage in patients with skin of color because of the risk of subsequent treatment-related hyperpigmentation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of combining glycolic acid (GA) peels with a modified Kligman formula (MKF) containing hydroquinone 2%, tretinoin 0.05%, and hydrocortisone 1% for the treatment of facial PIH in Indian patients. METHODS: Thirty Indian patients (Fitzpatrick skin Types III-V) with facial PIH were randomly assigned to 2 groups of 15 each...
January 20, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110607/predictors-of-caesarean-section-a-cross-sectional-study-in-hungary
#12
Loránd Rénes, Nikoletta Barka, Zita Gyurkovits, Edit Paulik, Gábor Németh, Hajnalka Orvos
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyse the factors associated with caesarean section (CS) at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Szeged, Hungary. STUDY DESIGN: Data collection was based on self-administered questionnaire and medical records related to the deliveries in the year of 2014. Maternal age, education level, marital status, pre-gestational body mass index (BMI), infertility treatment, previous CS, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), pre-pregnancy hypertension and pregnancy induced hypertension (HT/PIH) were examined...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109314/sickle-cell-disease-and-pregnancy-outcomes-a-study-of-the-community-based-hospital-in-a-tribal-block-of-gujarat-india
#13
Gayatri Desai, Ankit Anand, Pankaj Shah, Shobha Shah, Kapilkumar Dave, Hardik Bhatt, Shrey Desai, Dhiren Modi
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a hereditary blood disorder prevalent in tribal regions of India. SCD can increase complications during pregnancy and in turn negatively influence pregnancy outcomes. This study reports the analysis of tribal maternal admissions in the community-based hospital of SEWA Rural (Kasturba Maternity Hospital) in Jhagadia block, Gujarat. The objective of the study is to compare the pregnancy outcomes among SCD, sickle cell trait and non-SCD admissions...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103993/-effects-of-hypertonic-sodium-saline-resuscitation-on-the-liver-damage-of-rats-at-early-stage-of-severe-scald
#14
J P Zhou, Z Gao, Y X Sun, X L Chen, X S Wu, F Wang
Objective: To explore the effects of hypertonic sodium saline (HSS) resuscitation on the liver damage of rats at early stage of severe scald. Methods: Fifty-six SD rats were divided into sham injury group (SI, n=8), lactated Ringer's solution group (LRS, n=24), and group HSS (n=24) according to the random number table. Rats in group SI were sham injured without resuscitation, while rats in the other two groups were reproduced deep partial-thickness to full-thickness scald model with 30% total body surface area on the back...
January 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102720/do-racial-differences-exist-in-the-association-between-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-and-breast-cancer-risk
#15
Li-Te Lin, Li-Yu Hu, Pei-Ling Tang, Kuan-Hao Tsui, Jiin-Tsuey Cheng, Wei-Chun Huang, Hong-Tai Chang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies investigating the relationship between pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) and breast cancer risk have yielded inconsistent results. Unlike numerous Western studies, studies have reported that PIH may be a risk factor for breast cancer in Western Asian women. To confirm these results, we designed a retrospective population-based cohort study to assess the relationship between PIH and subsequent risk for breast cancer in Taiwan. METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed PIH were selected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), and a 1:4 matched cohort of women without PIH based on age and the year of delivery was randomly selected from the same database as the comparison group...
January 19, 2017: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076747/a-preliminary-investigation-of-the-partners-in-health-scale-measurement-properties-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#16
Claire Baxter, Andrea Morello, David Smith, Lynda Norton, David Bentley
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is becoming more prevalent in Australia. As a result, strategies to improve quality of life when living with ESRD are becoming increasingly important. The Flinders Program has been developed to help support and increase the self-management capacity of people living with chronic disease. The Partners in Health (PIH) scale is a self-management capacity assessment tool, which is an integral element of the Flinders Program. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the preliminary measurement properties of the PIH scale within the ESRD population...
January 12, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069791/prolonged-indirect-hyperbilirubinemia-in-a-moderately-preterm-boy-with-mediterranean-glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-and-glutathione-s-transferase-mu-1-null-mutations
#17
Sameer Yaseen Al-Abdi
A 33-week gestation boy with Mediterranean glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) and a glutathione S-transferase Mu 1 null mutations (GSTM1*0/*0) developed prolonged indirect hyperbilirubinemia (PIH). He had no laboratory evidence of haemolysis or infection, and no exposure to oxidising agents. He has two full-term older brothers who have no history of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. One brother, who was exclusively breast fed, has only Mediterranean G6PD and the other has only GSTM1*0/*0. The three boys have no mutation in the uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 gene...
January 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043300/-influences-of-exendin-4-on-the-secretion-function-of-islet-beta-cells-from-rats-in-the-early-stage-of-severe-scald
#18
D X Zhao, L Ma, Z A Shen, D W Li, Y R Shang, K Yin, W F Cheng, X Wang, Z X Liu
Objective: To observe the secretion function changes of islet beta cells isolated from rats in the early stage of severe scald, and to explore the influence of them. Methods: Thirty-six Wistar rats were divided into sham injury (SI) group, sham injury+ exendin-4 (SIE) group, scald (S) group, and scald+ exendin-4 (SE) group according to the random number table, with 9 rats in each group. Rats in groups S and SE were inflicted with 50% total body surface area full-thickness scald by a 12-s immersion of back and a 6-s immersion of abdomen in 94 ℃ hot water...
December 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043295/-application-of-laser-speckle-perfusion-imaging-in-predicting-wound-healing-time-of-burn-patients
#19
M J Jiang, Z G Chu, Q H Xie, W W Huang, J J Ruan, W G Xie
Objective: To explore the application effect of laser speckle perfusion imaging (LSPI) in predicting wound healing time of burn patients. Methods: LSPI was performed in 84 adult burn patients hospitalized in department of burns of Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University & Wuhan Third Hospital within post injury hour (PIH) 24 to 72 to detect the blood perfusion values of the wounds. The wound healing time was recorded. The 128 wounds were divided into superficial group (wound healing time shorter than or equal to 14 d, n=57) and deep group (wound healing time longer than 14 d and shorter than or equal to 28 d, n=71) according to the healing time...
December 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031210/randomised-feasibility-study-of-a-novel-experience-based-internet-intervention-to-support-self-management-in-chronic-asthma
#20
Nikki Newhouse, Angela Martin, Sena Jawad, Ly-Mee Yu, Mina Davoudianfar, Louise Locock, Sue Ziebland, John Powell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) assessing the effects of an experience-based website as a resource for the self-management of chronic asthma. DESIGN AND SETTING: Feasibility, single-blind RCT in 2 regions of England. Randomisation used computer-generated random number sequence in a 1:1 ratio, after baseline data collection, to website access for 2 weeks. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (age ≥18 years), with clinically diagnosed asthma as coded in their primary care electronic record, prescribed inhaled corticosteroids for at least 3 months in the previous year, were recruited from 9 general practices...
December 28, 2016: BMJ Open
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