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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232321/elevated-interleukin-1%C3%AE-and-interleukin-6-levels-in-the-serum-of-children-with-hyperuricemia
#1
Yazhen Di, Jiapei Wang, Yuanling Chen, Nan Sun, Ling Wu, Xiahua Dai, Mengjiao Shen, Qianqian Ying, Shiwei Fu
PURPOSES: The aim of this study was to investigate the serum levels and clinical significance of interleukin 1β (IL-1β) and IL-6 in children with hyperuricemia (HUA). METHODS: We included 71 children with HUA and 71 children with no HUA as control subjects. Children with HUA were divided into groups I and II according to whether they had a history of acute gout-like attacks (including sudden monoarthritis of rapid onset with intense pain and swelling). Group I was examined twice (A, in the acute phase; B, in the remission phase)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231471/-penetration-acupuncture-at-baxie-ex-ue-9-combined-with-rehabilitation-for-swelling-hand-of-post-stroke-shoulder-hand-syndrome
#2
Chunshui Huang, Wenchao Fan, Ansheng Yu, Xiao Cui, Ji Wu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects between penetration acupuncture at Baxie (EX-UE 9) combined with rehabilitation and simple rehabilitation for swelling hand in post-stroke shoulder-hand syndrome. METHODS: Sixty patients were randomly assigned into an observation group and a control group,30 cases in each one. Penetration acupuncture at Baxie (EX-UE 9) combined with rehabilitation were used in the observation group,and the acupoints were the affected Baxie (EX-UE 9) and Wailaogong (EX-UE 8)...
February 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231178/internal-structure-and-swelling-behaviour-of-i-in-silico-i-microgel-particles
#3
Lorenzo Rovigatti, Nicoletta Gnan, Emanuela Zaccarelli
Microgels are soft colloids that, in virtue of their polymeric nature, can react to external stimuli such as temperature or pH by changing their size. The resulting swelling/deswelling transition can be exploited in fundamental research as well as for many diverse practical applications, ranging from art restoration to medicine. Such an extraordinary versatility stems from the complex internal structure of the individual microgels, each of which is a crosslinked polymer network. Here we employ a recently-introduced computational method to generate realistic microgel configurations and look at their structural properties, both in real and Fourier space, for several temperatures across the volume phase transition as a function of the crosslinker concentration and of the confining radius employed during the ``in-silico'' synthesis...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230559/increased-histopathological-yield-for-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-based-on-nasal-endoscopy-of-suspected-active-lesions
#4
Olga Beltrán Rodríguez-Cabo, Edgardo Reyes, Jorge Rojas-Serrano, Luis Felipe Flores-Suárez
PURPOSE: To present the results of an endoscopic and histopathologic evaluation of suspected nasal active granulomatosis with polyangiits (GPA) lesions, describe them as seen by the ENT specialist, and propose a guide for tissue sampling of the nasal cavity to improve the yield of confirmatory histology. METHODS: Randomly selected patients seen from December 1997-October 2007 had a thorough endoscopic nasal evaluation, preceded by careful cleansing of the nasal cavity...
December 11, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230360/skin-temperature-and-reproductive-condition-in-wild-female-chimpanzees
#5
Guillaume Dezecache, Claudia Wilke, Nathalie Richi, Christof Neumann, Klaus Zuberbühler
Infrared thermal imaging has emerged as a valuable tool in veterinary medicine, in particular for evaluating reproductive processes. Here, we explored differences in skin temperature of twenty female chimpanzees in Budongo Forest, Uganda, four of which were pregnant during data collection. Based on previous literature in other mammals, we predicted increased skin temperature of maximally swollen reproductive organs of non-pregnant females when approaching peak fertility. For pregnant females, we made the same prediction because it has been argued that female chimpanzees have evolved mechanisms to conceal pregnancy, including swellings of the reproductive organs, conspicuous copulation calling, and solicitation of male mating behaviour, to decrease the infanticidal tendencies of resident males by confusing paternity...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230279/elasto-fibroma-dorsi-a-case-report-of-bilateral-tumours-and-excision-of-the-symptomatic-lesion-in-a-male-patient
#6
Yagan Pillay, Rathimala Sabarathnam
Elasto fibroma dorsi is a rare tumour of the shoulder girdle that usually arises at the infra scapular area. We present a 57-year-old male with a soft tissue swelling on his right infra scapular area of 6 months duration. It was a painless lesion which caused him discomfort while sleeping. Preoperative imaging revealed bilateral tumours but the left tumour was impalpable. The surgery itself was uneventful but post-operatively he developed a haematoma which was managed conservatively Elasto fibroma is a benign pseudo tumour of the shoulder girdle...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229314/an-atypical-odontogenic-myxoma
#7
L Benjelloun, N Cherradi, A Kessab, S Dghoughi
INTRODUCTION: Odontogenic myxoma is an uncommon tumor of the jaws, benign but locally invasive. It arises from the mesenchymal portion of the tooth germ. It has a variable non-specific clinical and radiological appearance, and may be confused with other lesions of the jaws. CASE REPORT: A patient aged 50 presented for a periodontal treatment. After routine retroalveolar x-rays, we noted a small limited radiolucency between the left mandibular canine and the left mandibular first premolar...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229002/comprehensive-analysis-of-ectopic-mandibular-third-molar-a-rare-clinical-entity-revisited
#8
Yaping Wu, Yue Song, Rong Huang, Jiaan Hu, Xiaotong He, Yanling Wang, Guangchao Zhou, Chao Sun, Hongbing Jiang, Jie Cheng, Dongmiao Wang
BACKGROUND: Ectopic mandibular third molar is a rare clinical entity with incompletely known etiology. Here, we sought to delineate its epidemiological, clinical and radiographic characteristics, and therapy by integrating and analyzing the cases treated in our institution together with previously reported cases. METHOD: A new definition and classification for ectopic mandibular third molar was proposed based on its anatomic location on panoramic images. Thirty-eight ectopic mandibular third molars in 37 patients and 51 teeth in 49 patients were identified in our disease registry and from literature (1990-2016), respectively...
December 11, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227632/a-soluble-molecularly-imprinted-polymer-based-potentiometric-sensor-for-determination-of-bisphenol-af
#9
Huan Zhang, Ruiqing Yao, Ning Wang, Rongning Liang, Wei Qin
Molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP)-based polymeric membrane potentiometric sensors have been successfully developed for determination of organic compounds in their ionic and neutral forms. However, most of the MIP receptors in potentiometric sensors developed so far are insoluble and cannot be well dissolved in the polymeric membranes. The heterogeneous molecular recognitions between the analytes and MIPs in the membranes are inefficient due to the less available binding sites of the MIPs. Herein we describe a novel polymeric membrane potentiometric sensor using a soluble MIP (s-MIP) as a receptor...
December 11, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227535/antidiabetic-and-lipid-lowering-effects-of-the-polyphenol-extracts-from-the-leaves-of-clausena-lansium-lour-skeels-on-streptozotocin-induced-type-2-diabetic-rats
#10
Fansheng Kong, Zhipeng Su, Xiaoming Guo, Feng Zeng, Yongguang Bi
Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels (Wampee) is widely grown in China and considered as a healthy fruit. Its leaves are also considered as traditional herbs. This study analyzed polyphenol compounds in polyphenol extracts of the leaves C. lansium (lour.) Skeels (PEL) and investigated the protective effect of PEL against hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in T2DM rats. The result showed that PEL is composed mainly of gallic acid, chlorogenic acid, coffee acid, ferulic acid, and rutin. PEL could obviously relieve some symptoms of T2DM rats, including emaciation, hyperhidrosis, polyphagia, diuresis, liver swelling, kidney, and pancreas hypertrophy, as well as reduce fasting blood glucose...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226931/development-of-visible-light-responsive-and-mechanically-enhanced-smart-ucst-interpenetrating-network-hydrogels
#11
Yifei Xu, Onkar Ghag, Morgan Reimann, Philip Sitterle, Prithwish Chatterjee, Elizabeth Nofen, Hongyu Yu, Hanqing Jiang, Lenore L Dai
An interpenetrating polymer network (IPN), chlorophyllin-incorporated environmentally responsive hydrogel was synthesized and exhibited the following features: enhanced mechanical properties, upper critical solution temperature (UCST) swelling behavior, and promising visible-light responsiveness. Poor mechanical properties are known challenges for hydrogel-based materials. By forming an interpenetrating network between polyacrylamide (PAAm) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAAc) polymer networks, the mechanical properties of the synthesized IPN hydrogels were significantly improved compared to hydrogels made of a single network of each polymer...
December 11, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226927/tunable-white-light-emission-by-supramolecular-self-sorting-in-highly-swollen-hydrogels
#12
Qian Zhao, Yong Chen, Sheng-Hua Li, Yu Liu
Fluorescence-tunable hydrogels especially emitting white-light were achieved by swelling hydrogels in solutions containing two kinds of dyes. The fluorescence of the dyes was enhanced by the orthogonal supramolecular complexation with different binding sites in the hydrogels.
December 11, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226783/evaluation-of-the-water-disinfection-by-product-dichloroacetonitrile-induced-biochemical-oxidative-histopathological-and-mitochondrial-functional-alterations-subacute-oral-toxicity-in-rats
#13
Ying Dong, Fang Li, Haijun Shen, Rongzhu Lu, Siqi Yin, Qi Yang, Zhuangfa Li, Suhua Wang
Dichloroacetonitrile (DCAN), an emerging nitrogenous disinfection by-product, is more genotoxic and cytotoxic than the currently regulated carbonaceous disinfection by-products such as haloacetic acids. Few mechanistic studies have been conducted on the hepatic and renal toxicities of DCAN. This study examined the clinical biochemical, hematological, histopathological, oxidative, and mitochondrial functional alterations to evaluate the systematic toxicity after subacute oral exposure of 11 or 44 mg/kg/day in rats for 28 days...
January 1, 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225497/swelling-induced-wrinkling-in-layered-gel-beams
#14
P Nardinocchi, E Puntel
Gels are widely employed in smart mechanical devices and biomedical applications. Swelling-induced bending actuation can be obtained by means of a simple bilayer gel beam. We show that this system can also exhibit wrinkling patterns of potential interest for structural morphing and sensing. We study swelling-induced wrinkling at the extrados of a bilayer gel beam with the softer layer on top. The bent configuration at finite strain is recovered first and, starting from it, a linear perturbation analysis is performed...
November 2017: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225468/therapy-of-an-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-by-intrathecal-injection-of-epo-and-subcutaneous-injection-of-epo-vitamin-c-and-g-csf
#15
Augustinus Bader, Martin Reinhardt, Achim Beuthe, Klaus Röhl, Shibashish Giri
Spinal cord injury is a rare disease with an incidence about 40 cases per million population in the USA. The most common reasons are traffic accidents, falls, violence and sports. A 53-year-old male patient presented with an incomplete tetraparesis as a result of a spinal cord injury after the accident. It was not possible to treat him with steroids because he was out of the therapeutic time period of 8 hours when he presented to the hospital. The main problem of spinal cord injuries is the secondary injury caused by inflammation and swelling of the spinal cord...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225461/risperidone-mucoadhesive-buccal-tablets-formulation-design-optimization-and-evaluation
#16
Burak Çelik
The aim of this study was to design and optimize risperidone (RIS) mucoadhesive buccal tablets for systemic delivery as an alternative route. Direct compression method was used for the preparation of buccal tablets, and screening studies were conducted with different polymers to determine their effects on tablet characteristics. Carbopol® (CP) and sodium alginate (SA) were selected as two polymer types for further optimization studies by applying response surface methodology. Tablet hardness (TH), ex vivo residence time (RT), and peak detachment force (DF) from buccal mucosa were selected as three important responses...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225177/chitosan-based-hydrogel-assisted-spongelike-calcium-phosphate-mineralization-for-in-vitro-bsa-release
#17
Ahmed Salama
New chitosan-g- poly (3-sulfopropyl methacrylate), CHI-g-P(SPMA), hydrogel was prepared by free radical polymerization process and investigated as a template for biomimetic spongelike calcium phosphate mineralization in a solution mimicking physiological condition. Infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy confirmed the predominant formation of rod-like hydroxyapatite. The swelling behavior of the nanocomposite was evaluated at different pHs and different saline concentrations...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225174/photopolymerized-maleilated-chitosan-methacrylated-silk-fibroin-micro-nanocomposite-hydrogels-as-potential-scaffolds-for-cartilage-tissue-engineering
#18
Yingshan Zhou, Kaili Liang, Shuyan Zhao, Can Zhang, Jun Li, Hongjun Yang, Xin Liu, Xianze Yin, Dongzhi Chen, Weilin Xu, Pu Xiao
Hydrogels composed of natural materials exhibit great application potential in artificial scaffolds for cartilage repair as they can resemble the extracellular matrices of cartilage tissues comprised of various glycosaminoglycan and collagen. Herein, the natural polymers with vinyl groups, i.e. maleilated chitosan (MCS) and methacrylated silk fibroin (MSF) micro/nanoparticles, were firstly synthesized. The chemical structures of MCS and MSF micro/nanoparticles were investigated using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224979/perceptions-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-for-the-prevention-and-control-of-lymphatic-filariasis-in-conakry-republic-of-guinea
#19
Bernard L Kouassi, Aboulaye Barry, Kathrin Heitz-Tokpa, Stefanie J Krauth, Andre Goépogui, Mamadou S Baldé, Oumar Barry, Marie L Niamey, Moses J Bockarie, Benjamin G Koudou, Jürg Utzinger
Little is known about the perceptions, attitudes and practices of lymphatic filariasis in Conakry, Republic of Guinea. Yet, such knowledge is important for an optimal design and implementation of setting-specific prevention and control measures. We conducted a cross-sectional study using a mixed methods approach. Qualitative data related to people's general experience with lymphatic filariasis, their perception of the causes of the disease, the onset of elephantiasis, care-seeking behaviour and the socioeconomic impact of lymphatic filariasis were collected by in-depth interviews with 85 respondents...
December 7, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224861/a-survey-of-selected-animal-based-measures-of-dairy-cattle-welfare-in-the-eastern-alps-toward-context-based-thresholds
#20
A Zuliani, M Mair, M Kraševec, I Lora, M Brscic, G Cozzi, C Leeb, M Zupan, C Winckler, S Bovolenta
In the Alps, traditional dairy farms are small-scale operations where vertical transhumance from valley indoor housing systems to highland pasture-based systems is still practiced in summer. Vertical transhumance implies a substantial change of environment, available resources, and management practices from one season to another. In such systems, animal-based welfare measures need to be monitored throughout the year to capture the variation of welfare outcomes, based on which targeted welfare management plans can be implemented...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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