keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Swelling

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433974/hypoactive-hypoalert-behaviour-and-thalamic-hypometabolism-due-to-intracranial-hypotension
#1
Seamus Kearney, Peter Flynn, Simon Hughes, Wendy Spence, Mark Owen McCarron
A 47-year-old man presented with a 9-year history of a hypoalert hypoactive behaviour syndrome, caused by the deep brain swelling variant of spontaneous intracranial hypotension. Along with apathy with retained cognition, he had stable ataxia, impaired upgaze and episodes of central apnoea. MRI brain showed a sagging brainstem, pointed ventricles and reduced angle between the vein of Galen and the straight sinus, but no meningeal enhancement or subdural collections. A dopamine transporter scan showed preganglionic dopamine receptor deficiency; a fluorodeoxy glucose positron emission tomography scan showed bilateral hypothalamic hypometabolism...
April 22, 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433886/controlled-release-of-metformin-from-chitosan-based-nanocomposite-films-containing-mesoporous-mcm-41-nanoparticles-as-novel-drug-delivery-systems
#2
Zahra Shariatinia, Zahra Zahraee
Biocompatible nanocomposite films based on blended chitosan and poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(propylene glycol)-block-poly(ethylene glycol) (BP) polymers containing metformin (MET) drug and MCM-41 or MCM-41-APS (APS=aminopropylsilane) nanoparticles (NPs) were designed and fabricated in order to prepare novel drug delivery systems which are useful for controlled drug release purposes. The total pore volume and mesopore volume of MCM-41 were measured equal to 1.08 and 1.05 cm(3)/g but those of MCM-41-APS were 0...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433472/the-influence-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-synovial-fluid-volumes-protein-concentrations-and-severity-of-pain-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#3
Carl P C Chen, Chih-Hsiu Cheng, Chih-Chin Hsu, Hsin-Chin Lin, Yi-Rong Tsai, Jean-Lon Chen
Knee pain is commonly seen in orthopedic and rehabilitation outpatient clinical settings. Patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) are often complicated with joint soreness, swelling, weakness, and pain. These complaints are often caused by the excessive amount of synovial fluid (SF) accumulated in the bursae around the knee joint. This study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of platelet rich plasma (PRP) in treating patients with minor to moderate knee osteoarthritis (OA) combined with supra-patellar bursitis using a proteomic approach and clinical evaluation tool...
April 19, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433176/novel-hydroxyethyl-chitosan-cellulose-scaffolds-with-bubble-like-porous-structure-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#4
Yaping Wang, Junmin Qian, Na Zhao, Ting Liu, Weijun Xu, Aili Suo
Hydrogels fabricated from natural polysaccharides may serve as ideal scaffolds for tissue engineering because of their similarity to the extracellular matrices. In this study, novel hydrogel scaffolds with bubble-like porous structure were prepared from hydroxyethyl chitosan (HECS) and cellulose (CEL) by a combination of chemical crosslinking, particle-leaching using silicon dioxide particles as porogen and freeze-drying method. The morphology, compression stress-strain curves, wettability, and swelling and rheological behaviors of the HECS/CEL scaffolds were characterized by SEM, mechanical test, contact angle measurement and rheometer...
July 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433170/structural-characterization-and-immuno-enhancing-activity-of-a-highly-branched-water-soluble-%C3%AE-glucan-from-the-spores-of-ganoderma-lucidum
#5
Yatao Wang, Yanfang Liu, Huazheng Yu, Shuai Zhou, Zhong Zhang, Di Wu, Mengqiu Yan, Qingjiu Tang, Jingsong Zhang
A water soluble β-glucan (GLSWA-I) with a weight average molecular weight ∼1.57×10(5)g/mol, isolated from the aqueous extract of the broken cellular wall Ganoderma lucidum spores, was purified by anion-exchange and gel-permeation chromatography. The immunological activity test in vivo showed that GLSWA-I could significantly promote dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) induced delayed-type ear swelling in mice. Based on the monosaccharides composition analysis, methylation analysis, IR, 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, the repeating unit of polysaccharide GLSWA-I was elucidated as follows...
July 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433163/fabrication-of-schizophyllan-hydrogel-via-orthogonal-thiol-ene-photopolymerization
#6
Sora Lee, Hyunhyuk Tae, Chang Seok Ki
Schizophyllan (SPG) is a water soluble β-glucan, which is obtained from Schizophyllum commune. SPG has been widely explored with its unique properties such as triple helical structure, immune-modulation, and anti-tumoral activity. In this study, we tried to fabricate SPG hydrogel via thiol-ene photopolymerization. SPG-norbornene and SPG-thiol were synthesized from ultrasonicated SPG. Two types of SPG hydrogels (SPG and PEG/SPG hybrid) were formed via thiol-ene photo-click reaction. By controlling the SPG content and stoichiometric balance of norbornene and thiol groups, swelling ratio and shear elastic modulus of SPG hydrogel could be controlled in the range of 20-60 and 0...
July 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433154/non-immunogenic-porous-and-antibacterial-chitosan-and-antheraea-mylitta-silk-sericin-hydrogels-as-potential-dermal-substitute
#7
Sunaina Sapru, Ananta K Ghosh, Subhas C Kundu
Limitation of existing grafts including restricted donor site, risks of immune reactions, infectious diseases and high cost alarms the growing need of natural, cost effective and functional graft as the dermal substitute. We fabricate stable (>6 weeks) and porous (57.23-75.22μm) yet flexible (in variable pH) matrices using Antheraea mylitta sericin crosslinked with well known biocompatible polysaccharide chitosan by natural crosslinker (genipin) without using any harsh chemical. The fabricated matrices are characterized in terms of chemical modifications (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy), crystallinity (X-ray diffraction), swelling, degradability and thermal stability...
July 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432775/application-for-lower-facial-fat-reduction-and-tightening-by-static-type-monopolar-1-mhz-radio-frequency%C3%A2-for-body-contouring
#8
Jun Sugawara, Seiko Kou, Kenichi Kokubo, Aimi Kuroda, Yoshie Hashizume, Shinji Kobayashi, Jirou Maegawa, Toshihiko Satake
INTRODUCTION: Liposuction and mesotherapy are popular treatments for fat reduction of lower face, but because these treatments are invasive, a novel non-invasive treatment with similar or better efficacy has been sought. There are various devices such as CoolSculpt, laser, RF, and HIFU that are used as non-invasive treatments for fat reduction and body contouring, but these applications have not been applied to facial fat reduction. In this study, we selected Monopolar 1-MHz RF for body contouring to be applied for fat reduction and tightening of the lower face...
April 22, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431433/experimental-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy-in-diabetic-mice-exhibited-severe-retinal-swelling-associated-with-vegf-elevation
#9
Ming-Hui Sun, Mohammad Ali Shariati, Yaping Joyce Liao
Purpose: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most important risk factors for nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION). In this study, we investigated for the first time the impact of experimental AION in a DM model. Methods: We induced a photochemical thrombosis model of AION after streptozotocin-induced DM and performed serial optical coherence tomography (OCT), morphometric analyses, and VEGF levels in the retina and sera. Results: Compared with non-DM animals, experimental AION in DM mice led to significantly greater retinal swelling on day 1 and worse thinning at week 3 on OCT measurements...
April 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431326/incidentally-detected-splenogonadal-fusion-in-a-laparoscopic-transabdominal-preperitoneal-hernia-repair-operation-a-case-report
#10
Yuichi Akama, Kimiyoshi Shimanuki, Shuji Asahi, Yohei Watanabe, Kazuhide Ko, Ryotaro Takano, Hodaka Amano, Takanori Kawaguchi, Eiji Uchida
INTRODUCTION: Splenogonadal fusion (SGF) is a rare congenital malformation in which the spleen is connected to the gonad. Few SGF cases have been reported in the English scientific literature, and we are unaware of any previous case reports of SGF with inguinal hernia by laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal hernia repair (TAPP). Here, we report a case of SGF that was incidentally detected during a TAPP procedure, with an uneventful postoperative course without complications. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 76-year-old male presented with a 10-year history of left inguinal swelling...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430750/elevated-immune-response-among-children-4-years-of-age-with-pronounced-local-adverse-events-after-the-fifth-dtap-vaccination
#11
Saskia van der Lee, Jeanet M Kemmeren, Lia G H de Rond, Kemal Öztürk, Anneke Westerhof, Hester E de Melker, Elisabeth A M Sanders, Guy A M Berbers, Nicoline A T van der Maas, Hans C Rümke, Anne-Marie Buisman
BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands, acellular pertussis vaccines replaced the more reactogenic whole-cell pertussis vaccines. This replacement in the primary immunization schedule of infants coincided with a significant increase in pronounced local adverse events (AEs) in 4 years old children shortly after the administration of a fifth diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis and inactivated polio (DTaP-IPV) vaccine. The objective of this study was to investigate possible differences in vaccine antigen-specific immune responses between children with and without a pronounced local AE after the fifth DTaP-IPV vaccination...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430735/sodium-tetradecyl-sulfate-a-review-of-clinical-uses
#12
Helena A Jenkinson, Kelly M Wilmas, Sirunya Silapunt
BACKGROUND: Sodium tetradecyl sulfate (STS) is Food and Drug Administration approved for treatment of varicose veins, but numerous other off-label applications have been reported. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical uses of STS, as well as efficacy and adverse effects. METHODS: Review of studies searchable on PubMed from 1938 to 2016 describing clinical uses of STS to determine efficacy and adverse effects associated with various applications...
April 19, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430699/clinical-experience-and-diagnostic-algorithm-of-vulval-crohn-s-disease
#13
Lotte Boxhoorn, Tom J Stoof, Tim de Meij, Frank Hoentjen, Bas Oldenburg, Gerd Bouma, Mark Löwenberg, Adriaan A van Bodegraven, Nanne K H de Boer
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Vulval Crohn's disease (VCD) is a rare extraintestinal cutaneous manifestation of Crohn's disease. No consensus on the diagnostic workup and therapeutic management of this condition has been provided in the current literature. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective, multicentre descriptive case series of female patients diagnosed and treated with VCD. By chart review, data on initial symptoms, clinical courses, histologic findings and therapeutic management were collected...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430345/healing-response-of-rat-pulp-treated-with-an-injectable-keratin-hydrogel
#14
Lavanya Ajay Sharma, Robert M Love, Mohammad A Ali, Ajay Sharma, Soraia Macari, Avadhoot Avadhani, George J Dias
BACKGROUND: Keratin has shown promising outcomes as a biomaterial due to its inherent bioactivity, biocompatibility and regenerative effects. The effect of keratin on repair and regeneration of dental tissues has never been studied before. Current therapies to treat pulp tissues involve its replacement with inert, synthetic materials that do not have a proper biological function, leading to failure and tooth loss. This study aimed to develop a biocompatible keratin hydrogel (KH) suitable for pulp therapies...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429495/moisture-responsive-wrinkling-surfaces-with-tunable-dynamics
#15
Songshan Zeng, Rui Li, Stephan G Freire, Vivian M M Garbellotto, Emily Y Huang, Andrew T Smith, Cong Hu, William R T Tait, Zichao Bian, Guoan Zheng, Dianyun Zhang, Luyi Sun
The wrinkle dynamics (such as reversibility and stability) of human skin are affected by the external stimuli, as well as the skin's structure and mechanical properties. Inspired by these tunable responses, three types of moisture-responsive wrinkle dynamics are achieved, for the first time, through a single film-substrate system. These dynamics include: (1) completely reversible wrinkles formation; (2) irreversible wrinkles formation I: the initially formed wrinkles can be permanently erased and never reappear; and (3) irreversible wrinkles formation II: once the wrinkles form, they can no longer be erased...
April 21, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429097/immunomodulatory-and-therapeutic-role-of-cinnamomum-verum-extracts-in-collagen-induced-arthritic-balb-c-mice
#16
Mirza Muhammad Fahd Qadir, Attya Bhatti, Muhammad Usman Ashraf, Mansur Abdullah Sandhu, Sidrah Anjum, Peter John
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cinnamomum verum (CV), also known as 'Dalchini', is the dry bark of the Cinnamomum verum (L.) plant, and has been used as a traditional Pakistani medicine to alleviate pain and inflammation in patients suffering from arthritic rheumatism. It contains alkaloids, triterpenes, Cinnamaldehyde and other volatile oils. The aim of the present study was to investigate the underlying biological effect of ethyl alcohol (EtOH) and methyl alcohol (MeOH) extracts from CV on collagen type-II induced arthritic (CIA) mice...
April 20, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428904/salvage-of-necrotic-appearing-limb-after-in-utero-endoscopic-lysis-of-constriction-bands
#17
M Abdel-Sattar, A Chon, B Chen, W Burkhalter, R H Chmait
We report a case of amniotic band syndrome complicated by constriction bands and marked distal swelling of both lower extremities. Color Doppler interrogation of the right lower extremity revealed complete lack of blood flow below the level of the constriction. Upon fetoscopic survey, the right lower extremity beyond the constriction band appeared dusky red and discolored with desquamation, consistent with a necrotic appearance. The constriction bands were cut in utero using endoshears, thereby allowing restoration of blood flow on postoperative day 1...
April 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427136/-effects-and-related-mechanism-of-bivalirudin-on-the-survival-of-random-skin-flap-on-the-back-of-rat
#18
L Y Cai, T Wang, D S Lin, D Lu
Objective: To investigate the effects and related mechanism of bivalirudin on the survival of random skin flap on the back of rat. Methods: Thirty SD rats were divided into bivalirudin group and normal saline group according to the random number table, with 15 rats in each group. The random flap model with size of 9 cm×3 cm was reproduced on the back of rats in two groups. Immediately post injury, rats in bivalirudin group were intraperitoneally injected with 5 mg/mL bivalirudin (0.8 mL/kg), while rats in normal saline group were intraperitoneally injected with normal saline (0...
April 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427053/growing-skull-fracture-and-the-orbitocranial-variant-nuances-of-surgical-management
#19
Vikram Singh, Gopalakrishnan M Sasidharan, Dhananjaya Ishwar Bhat, Bhagavatula Indira Devi
AIMS: Growing skull fracture (GSF) is a rare complication resulting from diastatic enlargement of a pediatric skull fracture. Orbitocranial GSF is a distinct variant with more complex management issues due to the displacement of the globe. This study aims to discuss surgical considerations in the management of GSF, with particular reference to orbitocranial variants. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 7 children operated for GSFs at our institute from 2008 to 2015...
April 21, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426257/facial-eschar-following-a-single-application-of-black-salve
#20
Dayne Laskey, Midori Tran
A previously healthy 86-year-old male was transported by ambulance to the trauma bay of the emergency department (ED) for profuse bleeding from the left temple. The ambulance crew raised concern that the volume and force of the bleed may suggest arterial involvement. The patient reported having applied a natural topical remedy to a mole two weeks prior at the recommendation of a naturopath. The patient described progressive blackening and swelling of the area in the days following the single application of the product...
April 20, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
keyword
keyword
23616
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"