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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213148/interface-tuning-and-stabilization-of-monoglyceride-mesophase-dispersions-food-emulsifiers-and-mixtures-efficiency
#1
Sébastien Serieye, Fabienne Méducin, Irena Milošević, Ling Fu, Samuel Guillot
Several food surfactants were examined as possible efficient emulsifiers for liquid crystalline monolinolein-based particles and as alternative choices to the non-food-grade emulsifier conventionally used Pluronic® F127. We described a food emulsifiers' toolbox, investigating their ability to emulsify mesophases (stabilization capacity, particle size, zeta potential) and their impact on internal nanostructures (from swelling to drastic modifications). Among the selected surfactants, sucrose stearate (S1670) was found to be the best candidate for replacing in a long term F127 as an efficient stabilizer of lipid particles...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211287/efficacy-analysis-of-a-novel-sternoclavicular-hook-plate-for-treatment-of-unstable-sternoclavicular-joint-dislocation-or-fracture
#2
Chuanyi Zhang, Lie Lin, Junbo Liang, Bin Wang, Guofu Chen, Haixiao Chen
PURPOSE: Sternoclavicular joint is an amphiarthrodial joint formed by the clavicle and sternal manubrium. This joint becomes chronically unstable in case of a medial clavicle dislocation or fracture, and improper treatment could cause malformation and pain. We aimed to determine the efficacy of a novel sternoclavicular hook plate for treatment of unstable sternoclavicular joint dislocation or fracture. METHODS: Between June 2011 and December 2013, the sternoclavicular hook plate was used to surgically treat 32 adult patients with unstable sternoclavicular joint dislocation or fracture...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211020/goal-directed-fluid-restriction-during-brain-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Jinfeng Luo, Jing Xue, Jin Liu, Bin Liu, Li Liu, Guo Chen
BACKGROUND: The value of goal-directed fluid therapy in neurosurgical patients, where brain swelling is a major concern, is unknown. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of an intraoperative goal-directed fluid restriction (GDFR) strategy on the postoperative outcome of high-risk patients undergoing brain surgery. METHODS: High-risk patients undergoing brain surgery were randomly assigned to a usual care group (control group) or a GDFR group. In the GDFR group, (1) fluid maintenance was restricted to 3 ml/kg/h of a crystalloid solution and (2) colloid boluses were allowed only in case of hypotension associated with a low cardiac index and a high stroke volume variation...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210452/ewing-sarcoma-of-the-oral-cavity-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Maria Margaix-Muñoz, José Bagán, Rafael Poveda-Roda
OBJECTIVES: A review is made of the clinical, diagnostic, therapeutic and survival characteristics of Ewing sarcoma (ES) of the oral cavity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was carried out, with restrictions referred to time (1960-2014), language (English and Spanish) and type of study (case reports, letters, datasets, reviews). The following MeSH terms and boolean operators were used: Ewing AND Sarcoma AND [tongue, jaw, maxilla, cheek, condyle OR temporomandibular, floor AND mouth, gum OR gingiva, palate OR palatal, lip, uvula, head AND neck]...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210401/zygomatic-intraosseous-hemangioma-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
David B Powers, Elda Fisher, Detlev Erdmann
Intraosseous hemangiomas are uncommon intrabony lesions, representing approximately 0.5 to 1% of all intraosseous tumors. Their description varies from "benign vasoformative neoplasms" to true hamartomatous proliferations of endothelial cells forming a vascular network with intermixed fibrous connective tissue stroma. These commonly present as a firm, painless swelling. Intraosseous hemangiomas present more commonly in females than in males and most likely occur in the fourth decade of life. The most common etiology of intraosseous hemangioma is believed to be prior trauma to the area...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210024/juvenile-trabecular-ossifying-fibroma-of-the-maxilla-a-case-report
#6
Samia Aboujaoude, Georges Aoun
INTRODUCTION: Juvenile ossifying fibromas are uncommon benign tumors. Their aggressiveness added to their high tendency to recur, provoke real diagnostic and therapeutic challenges for the dental practitioner and make a postoperative follow-up over the years indispensable. CASE REPORT: In this report, we present a case of a seven-year-old girl presented with a swelling in the face at the upper right maxillary region. After clinical, radiological, and histopathological examinations the diagnosis of trabecular juvenile ossifying fibroma was made...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209324/japanese-guidelines-for-allergic-conjunctival-diseases-2017
#7
REVIEW
Etsuko Takamura, Eiichi Uchio, Nobuyuki Ebihara, Shigeaki Ohno, Yuichi Ohashi, Shigeki Okamoto, Naoki Kumagai, Yoshiyuki Satake, Jun Shoji, Yayoi Nakagawa, Kenichi Namba, Kazumi Fukagawa, Atsuki Fukushima, Hiroshi Fujishima
The definition, classification, pathogenesis, test methods, clinical findings, criteria for diagnosis, and therapies of allergic conjunctival disease are summarized based on the Guidelines for Clinical Management of Allergic Conjunctival Disease (Second Edition) revised in 2010. Allergic conjunctival disease is defined as "a conjunctival inflammatory disease associated with a Type I allergy accompanied by some subjective or objective symptoms." Allergic conjunctival disease is classified into allergic conjunctivitis, atopic keratoconjunctivitis, vernal keratoconjunctivitis, and giant papillary conjunctivitis...
February 10, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209169/vascular-impulse-technology-versus-elevation-in-the-treatment-of-posttraumatic-swelling-of-extremity-fractures-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Marc Schnetzke, Benedict Swartman, Isabel Bonnen, Holger Keil, Svenja Schüler, Paul A Grützner, Jochen Franke
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the extremities are often complicated by a variable degree of swelling secondary to hemorrhage and soft tissue injury. Patients typically require up to 7 days of inpatient bed rest and elevation to reduce swelling to an acceptable level for operative treatment with internal fixation. Alternatively, an intermittent pneumatic compression device, such as the Vascular Impulse Technology (VIT) system, can be used at the injured extremity to reduce the posttraumatic swelling...
February 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209110/bilateral-inguinal-hernia-with-an-uncommon-content%C3%A2-a-case-report
#9
L Soydan, H Gündoğdu, A Aslan, I Inan, A O Balık
Here we present a sixty-two year old man with bilateral swellings palpated in inguinal areas on physical examination. Ultrasonography and abdominal multi-detector computed tomography revealed a bladder herniation through the right inguinal canal and a sigmoid colon herniation through the left inguinal canal. Radiologic imaging methods are important and can guide clinicians for preemptive or emergent surgery. (Acta gastroenterol. belg., 2016, 79, 495-496).
September 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209109/a-rare-case-of-giant-mesenteric-cystic-lymphangioma-of-the-small-bowel-in-an-adult-a-case-presentation-and-literature-review
#10
Z Mehmedovic, M Mehmedovic, M K Custovic, A Sadikovic, N Mekic
Background : Lymphangiomas are tumours that are often found in the head and neck in children and, rarely, in adults. Among all lymphangiomas in adults, the small bowel mesentery type accounts for less than 1%. We aim to present a rare case of small bowel symptomatic cystic lymphangioma in an adult patient, as well as its diagnosis and subsequent treatment. Patient : An adult female who was admitted to the University Clinical Center Tuzla for surgery presented with abdominal pain, tenderness and swelling of the abdomen...
September 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209003/comparative-evaluation-of-immediate-post-operative-sequelae-after-surgical-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-with-or-without-tube-drain-split-mouth-study
#11
Barun Kumar, Kalyani Bhate, R S Dolas, Sn Santhosh Kumar, Pushkar Waknis
INTRODUCTION: Third molar surgery is one of the most common surgical procedures performed in general dentistry. Post-operative variables such as pain, swelling and trismus are major concerns after impacted mandibular third molar surgery. Use of passive tube drain is supposed to help reduce these immediate post-operative sequelae. The current study was designed to compare the effect of tube drain on immediate post-operative sequelae following impacted mandibular third molar surgery. AIM: To compare the post-operative sequelae after surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molar surgery with or without tube drain...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208959/secondary-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-of-the-scapula-treated-by-ct-guided-percutaneous-polidocanol-injection-a-case-report
#12
Rahul Mohan, Gopakumar Thanuvan Sreekumaran
Aneurysmal Bone Cyst (ABC) is a rare benign tumour, usually affecting early age group and at the metaphysis of long bones. Scapular ABC's are even more rare, especially successfully treated cases. Standard treatment methods like curettage have high recurrence rates hence, adjuvant therapy may be required to avoid recurrence. Polidocanol sclerotherapy is becoming popular because of its safety and efficacy and is being tried successfully for both active as well as aggressive primary ABC of size 3-5cm. We used the same principle in a large secondary ABC of the scapula, which to the best of our knowledge has not been yet reported...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208958/radiological-and-histopathological-outcome-of-giant-cell-tumor-of-femur-with-denosumab-treatment-a-case-report
#13
Preethi Dileep Menon, R Krishnakumar, Annie Jojo
Giant Cell Tumour of Bone (GCTB) is a benign but locally aggressive osteolytic skeletal neoplasm of young adults consisting of giant cells expressing RANK (Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-κB) and mesenchymal spindle-like stromal cells expressing RANKL (RANK ligand). The interaction of these cells leads to bone resorption. Recently, the RANKL inhibitor, denosumab, has demonstrated activity against giant-cell tumours. The current article reports a case of a Giant cell tumour of left distal femur with pathological fracture...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208935/mature-teratoma-at-left-lumbar-region-in-an-infant-a-case-report
#14
Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey
Common location of teratomas in children are sacrococcygeal, gonadal, mediastinal and retroperitoneal, but teratomas may also occur at very unusual locations. A six-month-old boy presented with a large swelling at his left lumbar region. He presented with gradually increasing lump at his back, involving more on left lumbar region and midline since birth. Clinical examination revealed a solitary, non-tender, soft to firm, irregular mass, occupying more on his left lumbar and midline region and also crossing the midline...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208928/pulsatile-clavicular-swelling-as-the-sole-presentation-of-asymptomatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-with-an-isolated-metastasis-to-the-clavicle-a-case-report
#15
Ashwani Kumar, Nitish Arora, Paras Kumar Pandove, Garima Anand, Bharti Arora
Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) is notorious for its unpredictable dissemination patterns involving both lymphatic and haematogenous route without a clear-cut preponderance for any. Unlike other intra-abdominal malignancies like colorectal carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma is often known to metastasize to distant sites even after a confident and unsuspecting curative resection or often as the primary presentation constantly adding and agitating our presentation patterns for this sneaky tumour. Presented below is a case of such an unsuspecting female patient...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208895/extracalvarial-meningioma-in-the-parapharyngeal-space-presentation-diagnosis-and-management
#16
Sirshak Dutta, Neeraj Aggarwal, Mainak Dutta, Saurav Kumar Ghosh, Ramanuj Sinha
Extracalvarial meningioma in the cervical region presenting as a parapharyngeal mass lesion is seldom encountered in clinical practice and poses great challenge in its diagnosis and surgical management. In this report, we present a case of extracranial meningioma in a middle-aged person who presented with a large, gradually progressing cervical swelling with multiple cranial nerve pareses. The difficulties in diagnosis and surgical management of this unusual neoplasm in the setting of partial encasement and thrombosis of the internal jugular vein have been discussed, along with the computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging providing details of its extent and character...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208606/ustiloxin-g-a-new-cyclopeptide-mycotoxin-from-rice-false-smut-balls
#17
Xiaohan Wang, Jian Wang, Daowan Lai, Weixuan Wang, Jungui Dai, Ligang Zhou, Yang Liu
Ustiloxins were cyclopeptide mycotoxins from rice false smut balls (FSBs) that formed in rice spikelets infected by the fungal pathogen Ustilaginoidea virens. To investigate the chemical diversity of these metabolites and their bioactivities, one new cyclopeptide, ustiloxin G (1), together with four known congeners-ustiloxins A (2), B (3), D (4), and F (5)-were isolated from water extract of rice FSBs. Their structures were elucidated by analyses of their physical and spectroscopic data, including ultraviolet spectrometry (UV), infrared spectroscopy (IR), 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and high-resolution electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (HR-ESI-MS)...
February 10, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208440/charge-segregation-in-weakly-ionized-microgels
#18
John S Hyatt, Alison M Douglas, Chris Stanley, Changwoo Do, Thomas H Barker, Alberto Fernández-Nieves
We investigate microgels synthesized from N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) copolymerized with a large mol% of acrylic acid, finding that when the acid groups are partially ionized at high temperatures, competition between ion-induced swelling and hydrophobic deswelling of poly(NIPAM) chains results in microphase separation. In cross-linked microgels, this manifests as a dramatic decrease in the ratio between the radius of gyration and the hydrodynamic radius to ∼0.2, indicating that almost all the mass of the microgel is concentrated near the particle center...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208165/recurrent-unilateral-swelling-of-the-parotid-gland
#19
Yarah M Haidar, Tjoson Tjoa, Julie A Goddard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207896/rna-seq-analysis-of-chikungunya-virus-infection-and-identification-of-granzyme-a-as-a-major-promoter-of-arthritic-inflammation
#20
Jane A C Wilson, Natalie A Prow, Wayne A Schroder, Jonathan J Ellis, Helen E Cumming, Linden J Gearing, Yee Suan Poo, Adam Taylor, Paul J Hertzog, Francesca Di Giallonardo, Linda Hueston, Roger Le Grand, Bing Tang, Thuy T Le, Joy Gardner, Suresh Mahalingam, Pierre Roques, Phillip I Bird, Andreas Suhrbier
: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arthritogenic alphavirus causing epidemics of acute and chronic arthritic disease. Herein we describe a comprehensive RNA-Seq analysis of feet and lymph nodes at peak viraemia (day 2 post infection), acute arthritis (day 7) and chronic disease (day 30) in the CHIKV adult wild-type mouse model. Genes previously shown to be up-regulated in CHIKV patients were also up-regulated in the mouse model. CHIKV sequence information was also obtained with up to ≈8% of the reads mapping to the viral genome; however, no adaptive viral genome changes were apparent...
February 2017: PLoS Pathogens
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