keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Coccyx

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676363/coccydynia-tailbone-pain
#1
REVIEW
Patrick M Foye
Coccyx (tailbone) pain substantially decreases the quality of life for patients who suffer with this condition. Classic symptoms include midline pain located below the sacrum and above the anus. Symptoms are worse while sitting or during transitions from sitting to standing. Physical examination typically reveals focal tenderness during palpation of the coccyx. Diagnostic tests include radiographs. Advanced studies may include MRI, computerized tomography scans, or nuclear medicine bone scans. Treatments may include the use of cushions, medications by mouth, topical medications, local pain management injections, pelvic floor physical therapy, and (in rare cases) surgical removal of the coccyx (coccygectomy)...
August 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614962/an-unusual-normal-finding-in-coccygectomy-specimens
#2
Ivy John, Uma N M Rao
Glomus coccygeum is a prominent or hyperplastic glomus structure that is located at the ventral tip of the coccyx, which frequently causes concern to pathologists that are unfamiliar with this entity.
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448364/deep-tissue-pressure-injury-a-clinical-review
#3
Ave Preston, Aditi Rao, Robyn Strauss, Rebecca Stamm, Demetra Zalman
: A deep tissue pressure injury (DTPI) is a serious type of pressure injury that begins in the muscle closest to the bone and may not be visible in its early stages. Its hallmark is rapid deterioration despite the use of appropriate preventive interventions. In 2007, the National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel added suspected deep tissue injuries to the traditional classification system, and by 2010 DTPIs had accounted for about 9% of all pressure injuries and were for the first time more prevalent than stage 3 or 4 pressure injuries...
May 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442929/an-evaluation-of-two-different-methods-of-coccygectomy-in-patients-with-traumatic-coccydynia
#4
Hasan Ulas Ogur, Firat Seyfettinoğlu, Ümit Tuhanioğlu, Hakan Cicek, Sefa Zohre
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of partial and total coccyx excisions in patients with traumatic coccydynia resistant to conservative treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 22 patients (from a total of 27) who underwent partial or total coccygectomy because of persistent coccydynia between December 2007 and January 2014. There were 15 females and 7 males with a mean age of 33.6 years (range 23-46 years). Partial coccygectomy was performed in 14 patients and total coccygectomy in 8...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421149/eccrine-nevus-presenting-with-umbilical-discharge-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Farahnaz Bidari-Zerehpoosh, Shahram Sabeti, Farid Arman, Hania Shakeri
Eccrine nevus is a rare skin lesion with protean manifestations like hyperhidrosis, discolored nodules, papules, and so forth, which has been reported in various anatomic parts of the body including the forearm, leg, thigh, back, and coccyx. Our patient was a 26-year-old male, who presented with increasing colorless and odorless episodic umbilical discharge. First impression for the patient was an umbilical sinus and the patient underwent surgery. Histopathological study revealed the lesion to be an eccrine nevus of the umbilicus...
2017: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386714/coccygodynia-review-coccygectomy-case-series
#6
Waleed Mohammad Awwad, Munir Saadeddin, Jbreel Nasser Alsager, Fahad Mohammad AlRashed
BACKGROUND: Coccygodynia is a pain of the coccyx that is typically exaggerated by pressure. Management includes anti-inflammatory medications, physiotherapy, and coccyx manipulation. Coccygectomy is the surgical approach for treating coccygodynia when the conservative management fails. Generally, coccygectomy yields good results. Its most common complication is wound infection. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of coccygectomy in patients with coccygodynia...
April 6, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384153/cartilage-formation-in-the-pelvic-skeleton-during-the-embryonic-and-early-fetal-period
#7
Misaki Okumura, Aoi Ishikawa, Tomoki Aoyama, Shigehito Yamada, Chigako Uwabe, Hirohiko Imai, Tetsuya Matsuda, Akio Yoneyama, Tohoru Takeda, Tetsuya Takakuwa
The pelvic skeleton is formed via endochondral ossification. However, it is not known how the normal cartilage is formed before ossification occurs. Furthermore, the overall timeline of cartilage formation and the morphology of the cartilage in the pelvis are unclear. In this study, cartilage formation in the pelvic skeletons of 25 human fetuses (crown-rump length [CRL] = 11.9-75.0 mm) was observed using phase-contrast computed tomography and 7T magnetic resonance imaging. The chondrification center of the ilium, ischium, and pubis first appeared simultaneously at Carnegie stage (CS) 18, was located around the acetabulum, and grew radially in the later stage...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379165/performance-assessment-of-a-humidity-measurement-system-and-its-use-to-evaluate-moisture-characteristics-of-wheelchair-cushions-at-the-user-seat-interface
#8
Zhuofu Liu, Haifeng Cheng, Zhongming Luo, Vincenzo Cascioli, Andrew I Heusch, Nadia R Nair, Peter W McCarthy
Little is known about the changes in moisture that occur at the body-seat interface during sitting. However, as increased moisture can add to the risk of skin damage, we have developed an array of MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical System) humidity sensors to measure at this interface. Sensors were first evaluated against traceable standards, followed by use in a cross-over field test (n = 11; 20 min duration) using different wheelchair cushions (foam and gel). Relative humidity (RH) was measured at the left mid-thigh, right mid-thigh and coccyx...
April 5, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370691/anatomical-description-of-the-sciatic-nerve-block-at-the-subgluteal-region-in-a-neonatal-cadaver-population
#9
Adrienne A Acar, Adrian T Bösenberg, Albert-Neels van Schoor
INTRODUCTION: Sciatic nerve blocks provide intraoperative and prolonged postoperative pain management after lower limb surgery (posterior knee, foot, skin graft surgery). Accurate needle placement requires sound anatomical knowledge. Anatomical studies on children are uncommon; most have been performed on adult cadavers. We studied the location of the sciatic nerve at the gluteal level in neonatal cadavers to establish useful anatomical landmarks. METHODS: We identified the sciatic nerve in the gluteal and thigh region of 20 neonatal cadavers...
June 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302173/squamous-cell-carcinoma-arising-from-chronic-sacrococcygeal-pilonidal-disease-a-case-report
#10
Nick Michalopoulos, Konstantinos Sapalidis, Styliani Laskou, Evangelia Triantafyllou, Georgia Raptou, Isaak Kesisoglou
BACKGROUND: Sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease is a chronic, well-recognized entity, characterized by the recurrent formation of an abscess or draining sinus over the sacrococcygeal area. It is one of the most common surgical problems. Rarely, chronic inflammation and recurrent disease leads to malignant transformation, most commonly to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). CASE PRESENTATION: We describe an extremely unusual case of SCC developing in a 60-year-old patient with a chronic pilonidal sinus complicated by an anal fistula...
March 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264240/a-nation-wide-epidemiological-study-of-newly-diagnosed-primary-spine-tumor-in-the-adult-korean-population-2009-2011
#11
Seil Sohn, Jinhee Kim, Chun Kee Chung, Na Rae Lee, Moon Jun Sohn, Sung Hwan Kim
OBJECTIVE: This 2009-2011 nation-wide study of adult Koreans was aimed to provide characteristics, medical utilization states, and survival rates for newly diagnosed patients with primary nonmalignant and malignant spine tumors. METHODS: Data for patients with primary spine tumors were selected from the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service database. The data included their age, sex, health insurance type, co-morbidities, medical cost, and hospital stay duration...
March 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160759/five-herbs-plus-thiamine-reduce-pain-and-improve-functional-mobility-in-patients-with-pain-a-pilot-study
#12
Robert Hedaya
Context • Five herbs-Urtica dioica (stinging nettle), Boswellia serrata, Equisetum arvense, Allium sativum, and Apium graveolens-have been demonstrated to have activity at several anti-inflammatory pathways and have analgesic properties that are effective in treating chronic musculoskeletal pain. Objectives • The study intended to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a proprietary blend of U dioica, B serrata, E arvense, A sativum, A graveolens, and thiamine (vitamin B1), or "the blend," in the treatment of chronic musculoskeletal pain...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091426/mri-based-detailed-evaluation-of-the-anatomy-of-the-human-coccyx-among-turkish-adults
#13
H Tetiker, M I Koşar, N Çullu, U Canbek, I Otağ, Y Taştemur
AIM: The human coccyx varies considerably in shape and size. The objective of this study was to investigate the morphology and morphometry of the coccyx on pelvic magnetic resonance imaging in asymptomatic individuals among Turkish adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted retrospectively on the pelvic magnetic resonance images of 456 adult patients without a history of trauma in the coccyx region. The coccygeal vertebrae count, number of bone segments, and intercoccygeal and sacrococcygeal joint fusions were determined from the sagittal plane images...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063724/pressure-injury-prevalence-in-intensive-care-versus-non-intensive-care-patients-a-state-wide-comparison
#14
Fiona Coyer, Sandra Miles, Sandra Gosley, Paul Fulbrook, Kirstine Sketcher-Baker, Jane-Louise Cook, Jacqueline Whitmore
BACKGROUND: Hospital-acquired pressure injury is associated with increased morbidity and mortality and considered to be largely preventable. Pressure injury prevalence is regarded as a marker of health care quality. OBJECTIVE: To compare the state-wide prevalence, severity and location of pressure injuries of intensive care unit patients compared to patients in non-intensive care wards. METHOD: The study employed a secondary data analysis design to extract and analyse de-identified pressure injury data from all Queensland Health hospitals with level I-III intensive care facilities that participated in Queensland Bedside Audits between 2012-2014...
January 4, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004324/ct-characteristics-of-traumatic-sacral-fractures-in-association-with-pelvic-ring-injuries-correlation-using-the-young-burgess-classification-system
#15
Nicholas Beckmann, Chunyan Cai
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to determine the incidence of sacral fracture patterns on CT imaging of pelvic trauma patients with correlation with mechanism of injury and pelvic ring injury pattern using the Young-Burgess classification system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all pelvic CTs with pelvic fractures performed at our level 1 trauma center during a 4-year period from July 2010 to June 2014. RESULTS: Sacral fractures were very common in pelvic trauma patients, being present in 60% of patients presenting to our institution with pelvic fractures...
June 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911245/use-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-to-detect-occult-spinal-dysraphism-in-infants
#16
Brent R O'Neill, Danielle Gallegos, Alex Herron, Claire Palmer, Nicholas V Stence, Todd C Hankinson, C Corbett Wilkinson, Michael H Handler
OBJECTIVE Cutaneous stigmata or congenital anomalies often prompt screening for occult spinal dysraphism (OSD) in asymptomatic infants. While a number of studies have examined the results of ultrasonography (US) screening, less is known about the findings when MRI is used as the primary imaging modality. The object of this study was to assess the results of MRI screening for OSD in infants. METHODS The authors undertook a retrospective review of all infants who had undergone MRI of the lumbar spine to screen for OSD over a 6-year period (September 2006-September 2012)...
February 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904724/analysis-of-sacrococcygeal-morphology-in-koreans-using-computed-tomography
#17
Min Geun Yoon, Myung-Sang Moon, Bong Keun Park, Hohyoung Lee, Dong-Hyeon Kim
BACKGROUND: The sacrococcygeal morphology of Arabs and Europeans has been studied using computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging to determine the cause of coccydynia. Studies have suggested differences in sacrococcygeal morphology among ethnic groups. However, there are no data on the sacrococcygeal anatomy of Koreans. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 606 pelvic CT scans that were taken at Cheju Halla General Hospital between 2008 and 2014...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858188/use-of-intraoperative-lateral-pelvic-x-ray-to-localize-and-ensure-coccyx-removal-during-sacrococcygeal-teratoma-resection
#18
Claire E Graves, Olajire Idowu, John Zovickian, Dachling Pang, Sunghoon Kim
En bloc removal of the coccyx during sacrococcygeal teratoma resection is necessary to decrease the risk of recurrence. However, variable anatomy often makes the border between the coccyx and sacrum difficult to identify. We describe the use of intraoperative lateral pelvic X-ray to localize this border and ensure complete coccygectomy.
March 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843777/effects-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-on-pain-in-patients-with-chronic-refractory-coccydynia-a-quasi-experimental-study
#19
Shila Haghighat, Mahboobeh Mashayekhi Asl
BACKGROUND: Several nonsurgical and surgical treatment modalities are available for patients with chronic coccydynia, with controversial results. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ECSWT) is effective in the treatment of many musculoskeletal disorders; however, it has not been tested for chronic coccydynia. OBJECTIVES: We performed the current study to determine the effects of ECSWT on pain in patients with chronic coccydynia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This quasi-interventional clinical study included 10 patients with chronic coccydynia without acute fracture...
August 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746253/a-rare-case-of-isolated-lower-segment-transverse-sacral-fracture-in-a-12-year-old-girl-and-its-management-by-fixation-with-k-wire
#20
Ismaeel Baba-Rasul, Hemin M Hama Ameen, Awder Khazendar, Seerwan O Hasan
BACKGROUND: Isolated lower segment sacral fracture is very rare. To the best of our knowledge, there is only one case report of S4 stable fracture that was treated conservatively. CASE DESCRIPTION: Here, we report a 12-year-old girl who sustained an isolated S5 fracture with anterior displacement of S5 and coccyx on S4. The patient initially was managed conservatively 1 month and 25 days. On the failure of this treatment procedure, the patient was treated surgically by partial coccygectomy with S4-S5 fixation after reduction by 2 K-wires...
January 2017: World Neurosurgery
keyword
keyword
23610
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"