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Adhd workplace

Sharon B Wigal, Tim Wigal, Ann Childress, Graeme A E Donnelly, Joseph L Reiz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess the onset and duration of efficacy of multilayer-release methylphenidate (PRC-063) over 16 hr compared with placebo in adults with ADHD using the simulated adult workplace environment. METHOD: After dose-optimization with PRC-063, participants entered a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover phase. Primary outcome measure was the Permanent Product Measure of Performance (PERMP) total score measured pre-dose and from 1 to 16 hr post-dose...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
Kristina A Neely, Amanda P Chennavasin, Arie Yoder, Genevieve K R Williams, Eric Loken, Cynthia L Huang-Pollock
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most commonly diagnosed mental health disorder in childhood and persists into adulthood in up to 65 % of cases. ADHD is associated with adverse outcomes such as the ability to gain and maintain employment and is associated with an increased risk for substance abuse obesity workplace injuries and traffic accidents A majority of diagnosed children have motor deficits; however, few studies have examined motor deficits in young adults. This study provides a novel examination of visuomotor control of grip force in young adults with and without ADHD...
July 9, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Richard Chu, Jed Shumsky, Barry D Waterhouse
Methyphenidate (MPH) is the primary drug treatment of choice for ADHD. It is also frequently used off-label as a cognitive enhancer by otherwise healthy individuals from all age groups and walks of life. Military personnel, students, and health professionals use MPH illicitly to increase attention and improve workplace performance over extended periods of work activity. Despite the frequency of its use, the efficacy of MPH to enhance cognitive function across individuals and in a variety of circumstances is not well characterized...
June 15, 2016: Brain Research
Elias Sarkis
Although generally considered a childhood disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can persist into adulthood and impede achievement in the workplace. Core ADHD symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity can be associated with poor organization, time management, and interpersonal relationships. Employment levels, earning power, and productivity are reduced among individuals with ADHD compared with those without ADHD. Furthermore, the costs of employing individuals with ADHD are higher because of work absences and lost productivity...
September 2014: Postgraduate Medicine
Manoj Kumar Sharma, Palaniappan Marimuthu
BACKGROUND: Youth indulgence themselves in various aggressive behaviors leading to significant psychosocial dysfunctions. The present study assesses the prevalence of aggression among youth and to assess the risk factors of aggression among youth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anger Data sheet, Resilience Scale and Buss-Perry Aggression Scale, were administered on 5476 participants using survey design. Data was collected from different communities (college, residential, apartments and workplace) of Bangalore, Jammu, Indore, Kerala, Rajasthan, Sikkim and Delhi...
January 2014: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Mats Fredriksen, Alv A Dahl, Egil W Martinsen, Ole Klungsoyr, Stephen V Faraone, Dawn E Peleikis
Few studies have examined the impact of childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms on adult ADHD functional outcomes. To address this issue dimensionally, ADHD symptoms in childhood and adulthood and their relation to educational deficits and work disability are studied in a clinical sample of adult patients with previously untreated ADHD. About 250 adults diagnosed systematically with ADHD according to DSM-IV were prospectively recruited. Primary outcomes were high school dropout and being out of the work last year...
June 2014: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
Jeffrey D Burke, Richard Rowe, Khrista Boylan
BACKGROUND: Oppositional defiant disorder(ODD) is considered to be a disorder of childhood, yet evidence suggests that prevalence rates of the disorder are stable into late adolescence and trajectories of symptoms persist into young adulthood. Functional outcomes associated with ODD through childhood and adolescence include conflict within families, poor peer relationships, peer rejection, and academic difficulties. Little examination of functional outcomes in adulthood associated with ODD has been undertaken...
March 2014: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
Frank A López, Jacques R Leroux
Individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) show pervasive impairments across family, peer, and school or work functioning that may extend throughout the day. Psychostimulants are highly effective medications for the treatment of ADHD, and the development of long-acting stimulant formulations has greatly expanded the treatment options for individuals with ADHD. Strategies for the formulation of long-acting stimulants include the combination of immediate-release and delayed-release beads, and an osmotic-release oral system...
September 2013: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
Marios Adamou, Muhammad Arif, Philip Asherson, Tar-Ching Aw, Blanca Bolea, David Coghill, Gísli Guðjónsson, Anne Halmøy, Paul Hodgkins, Ulrich Müller, Mark Pitts, Anna Trakoli, Nerys Williams, Susan Young
BACKGROUND: ADHD is a common neurodevelopmental disorder that persists into adulthood. Its symptoms cause impairments in a number of social domains, one of which is employment. We wish to produce a consensus statement on how ADHD affects employment. METHODS: This consensus development conference statement was developed as a result of a joint international meeting held in July 2010. The consensus committee was international in scope (United Kingdom, mainland Europe, United Arab Emirates) and consisted of individuals from a broad range of backgrounds (Psychiatry, Occupational Medicine, Health Economists, Disability Advisors)...
2013: BMC Psychiatry
Harold P Koller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many children are seen by ophthalmologists because of scholastic difficulties in school initially attributed to eyesight when, in fact, the problem often is a result of a disorder of the brain processing vision. A number of neuropsychological conditions predisposing and affecting children with learning disorders will be described. Visual processing is the main brain function allowing normal perception of what is being viewed. Ophthalmologists as well as patients must realize that with normal 20/20 eyesight interpretation of what is seen may be dysfunctional because of faulty brain processing of that which is seen by normal eyes...
September 2012: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Thomas Küpper, Jan Haavik, Hans Drexler, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Detlef Wermelskirchen, Christin Prutz, Barbara Schauble
PURPOSE: To review the negative effects of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence and adulthood on work productivity and occupational health. METHODS: A review of the MEDLINE database was carried out to identify direct and indirect effects of ADHD on work, employment and occupational health. RESULTS: ADHD is associated with higher levels of unemployment versus controls. Adults with ADHD who are employed experience workplace impairment and reduced productivity, as well as behavioural issues such as irritability and low frustration tolerance...
November 2012: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Ronna Fried, Craig Surman, Paul Hammerness, Carter Petty, Stephen Faraone, Laran Hyder, Diana Westerberg, Jacqueline Small, Lyndsey Corkum, Kim Claudat, Joseph Biederman
Despite an extant literature documenting that adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at increased risk for significant difficulties in the workplace, there is little documentation of the underlying factors associated with these impairments. The main aim of this study was to examine specific deficiencies associated with ADHD on workplace performance in a simulated workplace laboratory relative to controls. Participants were 56 non-medicated young adults with DSM-IV ADHD and 63 age- and sex-matched controls without ADHD...
December 30, 2012: Psychiatry Research
Paul Hodgkins, Leslie Montejano, Rahul Sasané, Dan Huse
OBJECTIVE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is linked to an increased risk of injury in children. This retrospective analysis evaluated the risk and type of injury associated with ADHD in adults. METHOD: Data were taken from the MarketScan databases, which provide details of health care claims and productivity data for individuals and their dependents with access to employer-sponsored health plans. Adults (aged 18-64 years) with ≥ 2 ADHD-related diagnostic claims (using ICD-9-CM codes) between 2002 and 2007 and evidence of ADHD treatment in 2006 (n = 31,752) were matched to controls without ADHD (1:3; n = 95,256) or individuals with a depression diagnosis (using ICD-9-CM codes; 1:1; n = 29,965)...
2011: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Paul Hodgkins, Leslie Montejano, Rahul Sasané, Dan Huse
OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study assessed the cost of illness and medical and psychiatric comorbidities in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared with adults without ADHD (matched 1:3) and adults with depression (1:1). Individuals with depression were included as a benchmark against which the burden of ADHD could be measured. METHOD: Measures of health care and employment-related costs were compared to generate estimates of medical expenditures, workplace absences, and comorbidities in adults with ADHD (using ICD-9-CM codes) who were enrolled in employer-sponsored health plans throughout 2006...
2011: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
Alice R Mao, Matthew Brams, Thomas Babcock, Manisha Madhoo
The impact of untreated adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the workplace can be substantial, and employees with ADHD often confront frustration, employer disappointment, and low performance ratings. As a result, adults with ADHD may seek treatment from primary care providers to improve occupational performance. Previously considered a behavior disorder primarily affecting children and adolescents, ADHD in adulthood presents primarily as a cognitive disorder. Self-management deficits play a greater role in adult ADHD, particularly with respect to occupational and interpersonal functioning...
September 2011: Postgraduate Medicine
Matthew Brams, John Giblin, Maria Gasior, Joseph Gao, Timothy Wigal
OBJECTIVE: To assess improvements in quality of life measurements during the open-label portion of a trial examining duration of efficacy of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate in a simulated adult workplace environment. METHODS: A 4-week, open-label, dose-optimization phase followed by a randomized, double-blind, multicenter, placebo-controlled, 2-way crossover phase to evaluate safety and efficacy of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate in the adult workplace environment was conducted...
May 2011: Postgraduate Medicine
Timothy Wigal, Matthew Brams, Maria Gasior, Joseph Gao, John Giblin
OBJECTIVE: To examine duration of efficacy of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by effect size in performance and symptom improvement in a simulated adult workplace environment (AWE). METHODS: Adults (aged 18-55 years) with ADHD enrolled in the AWE study of LDX with open-label dose-optimization and randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, 2-way crossover phases. Efficacy measures included the Permanent Product Measure of Performance (PERMP)-Attempted (-A) and PERMP-Correct (-C) scores assessed throughout the day and the ADHD Rating Scale IV (ADHD-RS-IV) with adult prompts...
March 2011: Postgraduate Medicine
Timothy Wigal, Matthew Brams, Maria Gasior, Joseph Gao, Liza Squires, John Giblin
BACKGROUND: Duration of efficacy and safety of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) was assessed in adults (18-55 years) with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using the simulated adult workplace environment. METHODS: After open-label dose optimization (4-week) with LDX, 30-70 mg/d, subjects entered a 2-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover phase. Efficacy assessments included the Permanent Product Measure of Performance (PERMP) total score (attempted+correct) measured predose and from 2 to 14 hours postdose, averaged across postdose sessions (primary) and at each time point vs placebo (secondary), and ADHD Rating Scale IV (ADHD-RS-IV) with adult prompts at baseline and crossover visits...
2010: Behavioral and Brain Functions: BBF
Russell A Barkley, Kevin R Murphy
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with deficits in executive functioning (EF). ADHD in adults is also associated with impairments in major life activities, particularly occupational functioning. We investigated the extent to which EF deficits assessed by both tests and self-ratings contributed to the degree of impairment in 11 measures involving self-reported occupational problems, employer reported workplace adjustment, and clinician rated occupational adjustment. Three groups of adults were recruited as a function of their severity of ADHD: ADHD diagnosis (n = 146), clinical controls self-referring for ADHD but not diagnosed with it (n = 97), and community controls (n = 109)...
May 2010: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Sharon B Wigal
There have been major advances in the treatment and understanding of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the last decade. Among these are the availability of newer stimulant formulations, an appreciation of the combined effects of medication and behavioural therapies, and a better understanding of the neurobiology of the disorder in children (aged 6-12 years), adolescents and adults. This article focuses on the evaluation of the efficacy and safety profiles of medications used for the management of ADHD...
2009: CNS Drugs
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