keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Harass

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944035/polyandry-enhances-offspring-viability-with-survival-costs-to-mothers-only-when-mating-exclusively-with-virgin-males-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#1
Sergio Castrezana, Brant C Faircloth, William C Bridges, Patricia Adair Gowaty
A prominent hypothesis for polyandry says that male-male competitive drivers induce males to coerce already-mated females to copulate, suggesting that females are more likely to be harassed in the presence of multiple males. This early sociobiological idea of male competitive drive seemed to explain why sperm-storing females mate multiply. Here, we describe an experiment eliminating all opportunities for male-male behavioral competition, while varying females' opportunities to mate or not with the same male many times, or with many other males only one time each...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942730/workplace-sexual-harassment-and-depressive-symptoms-a-cross-sectional-multilevel-analysis-comparing-harassment-from-clients-or-customers-to-harassment-from-other-employees-amongst-7603-danish-employees-from-1041-organizations
#2
Maria K Friborg, Jørgen V Hansen, Per T Aldrich, Anna P Folker, Susie Kjær, Maj Britt D Nielsen, Reiner Rugulies, Ida E H Madsen
BACKGROUND: Previous research has reported that sexual harassment can lead to reduced mental health. Few studies have focused on sexual harassment conducted by clients or customers, which might occur in person-related occupations such as eldercare work, social work or customer service work. This study examined the cross-sectional association between sexual harassment by clients or customers and depressive symptoms. We also examined if this association was different compared to sexual harassment conducted by a colleague, supervisor or subordinate...
September 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942704/why-people-who-inject-drugs-voluntarily-transition-off-methadone-in-ukraine
#3
Julia Rozanova, Ruthanne Marcus, Faye S Taxman, Martha J Bojko, Lynn Madden, Scott O Farnum, Alyona Mazhnaya, Sergii Dvoriak, Frederick L Altice
Methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) treats opioid use disorder among people who inject drugs (PWID). To understand why PWID may voluntarily discontinue MMT, we analyzed data from 25 focus groups conducted in five Ukrainian cities from February to April 2013 with 199 participants who were currently, previously, or never on MMT. Using constant comparison method, we uncovered three themes explaining why PWID transition off MMT: (a) purposeful resistance to rigid social control associated with how MMT is delivered and to power asymmetries in provider-patient relationships, (b) self-management of a PWID's "wounded identity" that is common in socially stigmatized and physically sick persons-MMT serves as a reminder of their illness, and (c) the quest for a "normal life" uninterrupted by daily MMT site visits, harassment, and time inefficiencies, resources, and social capital...
September 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933441/scientists-sexual-harassment-case-sparks-protests-at-university-of-rochester
#4
Alexandra Witze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923455/-mistreatment-of-students-in-hospitals
#5
Valérie Auslender, Cynthia Fleury
Health care students are abused and mistreated in hospital: humiliation, harassment and bullying of all sorts are daily occurrences, in a highly competitive universe and difficult working environment. It is time for the managerial policy of hospitals to consider the human factor and the well-being of employees and students.
September 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922796/space-emotions-and-the-everyday-the-affective-ecology-of-1980s-london
#6
Stephen Brooke
This article explores the relationship between emotions, space and politics in 1980s London, using the Greater London Council, childcare, and racial harassment as particular foci. It brings together political history, the history of emotions, and geography to offer a new way of thinking about political culture, as well as contributing to the history of the 1980s. It is based upon archival sources.
March 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915867/the-associations-between-workplace-bullying-salivary-cortisol-and-long-term-sickness-absence-a-longitudinal-study
#7
Matias Brødsgaard Grynderup, Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen, Theis Lange, Paul Maurice Conway, Jens Peter Bonde, Anne Helene Garde, Maria Gullander, Linda Kaerlev, Roger Persson, Reiner Rugulies, Marianne Agergaard Vammen, Annie Høgh, Åse Marie Hansen
BACKGROUND: Workplace stressors, such as bullying, are strongly related to subsequent long-term sickness absence, but little is known of the possible physiological mechanisms linking workplace stressors and sickness absence. The primary aim of this study was to investigate to what extent cortisol levels were associated with subsequent sickness absence and if cortisol mediated the association between workplace bullying and sickness absence. We additionally investigated possible bidirectional associations between bullying, cortisol, and long-term sickness absence...
September 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906037/patterns-of-smoking-and-unhealthy-alcohol-use-following-sexual-trauma-among-u-s-service-members
#8
Amber D Seelig, Anna C Rivera, Teresa M Powell, Emily C Williams, Arthur V Peterson, Alyson J Littman, Charles Maynard, Amy E Street, Jonathan B Bricker, Edward J Boyko
In the first known longitudinal study of the topic, we examined whether experiencing sexual assault or sexual harassment while in the military was associated with increased risk for subsequent unhealthy alcohol use and smoking among U.S. service members in the Millennium Cohort Study (2001-2012). Adjusted complementary log-log models were fit to estimate the relative risk of (a) smoking relapse among former smokers (men: n = 4,610; women: n = 1,453); (b) initiation of unhealthy alcohol use (problem drinking and/or drinking over recommended limits) among those with no known history of unhealthy alcohol use (men: n = 8,459; women: n = 4,816); and (c) relapse among those previously reporting unhealthy alcohol use (men: n = 3,487; women: n = 1,318)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903839/comparison-of-cognitive-professionalism-in-residents-of-public-and-private-hospitals-of-karachi
#9
Nighat Shah, Masood Javed, Nusrat Shah, Mariam Soomro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the cognitive professionalism in resident medical officers (RMOs) of public and private hospitals of Karachi. STUDY DESIGN: Across-sectional survey. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Civil Hospital and Ziauddin Medical University Clifton Campus, Karachi, from August to December 2014. METHODOLOGY: This survey was conducted in one public and one private medical college. All residents from Gynecology and Obstetrics, Medicine and Surgery departments were included with non-probability purposive sampling...
August 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889916/evidence-for-a-relationship-between-child-maltreatment-and-absenteeism-among-high-school-students-in-sweden
#10
Johan Melander Hagborg, Kristina Berglund, Claudia Fahlke
School absenteeism is a potent predictor of academic failure. Maltreated adolescents have been found to be more absent from school compared to their peers. However, it is scarcely studied in what degree a general population of students with high levels of school absenteeism has been exposed to child maltreatment. Furthermore, it is not known if maltreated school-absentees have specific characteristics compared to not-maltreated absentees. In this article, the first objective was to present and compare the prevalence of six types of child maltreatment in a general population of high school students reporting no, moderate or excessive absenteeism...
September 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886356/african-americans-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-factors-affecting-career-choice-satisfaction-and-practice-patterns
#11
Thalia-Rae Criddle, Newton C Gordon, George Blakey, R Bryan Bell
PURPOSE: There are few data available on the experience of minority surgeons in the field of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS). Therefore, the purpose of this study was to 1) explore factors that contribute to African Americans choosing OMS as a career, 2) examine satisfaction among minority oral and maxillofacial surgeons with the residency application and training process, 3) report on practice patterns among minority oral and maxillofacial surgeons, and 4) identify perceived bias for or against minority oral and maxillofacial surgeons in an attempt to aid the efforts of OMS residency organizations to foster diversity...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883027/addressing-the-knowledge-gap-sexual-violence-and-harassment-in-the-uk-armed-forces
#12
Lauren R Godier, M Fossey
Despite media interest in alleged sexual violence and harassment in the UK military, there remains a paucity of UK-based peer-reviewed research in this area. Ministry of Defence and service-specific reports support the suggestion that UK service personnel may be at risk of experiencing sexual harassment. These reports however highlight a reluctance by service personnel to report sexual harassment through official channels. In this article, we discuss the paucity of UK-based research pertaining to the prevalence and impact of sexual harassment in the military, explore potential reasons for this gap in knowledge and outline future directions and priorities for academic research...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882277/the-need-for-detailed-gender-specific-occupational-safety-analysis
#13
Fernanda Cruz Rios, Wai K Chong, David Grau
INTRODUCTION: The female work in population is growing in the United States, therefore the occupational health and safety entities must start to analyze gender-specific data related to every industry, especially to nontraditional occupations. Women working in nontraditional jobs are often exposed to extreme workplace hazards. These women have their safety and health threatened because there are no adequate policies to mitigate gender-specific risks such as discrimination and harassment...
September 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875308/physical-social-and-political-inequities-constraining-girls-menstrual-management-at-schools-in-informal-settlements-of-nairobi-kenya
#14
Candace Girod, Anna Ellis, Karen L Andes, Matthew C Freeman, Bethany A Caruso
Access to adequate water and sanitation is limited in informal settlements, contributing to girls' challenges managing menstruation at school, especially when they cannot access materials to absorb menstrual blood and appropriate facilities for hygiene. This study documents differences between girls' experience of menstruation at public schools (where the Kenyan government provides menstrual pads) and private schools (where pads are not provided) in two informal settlements of Nairobi, Kenya. Results showed that supply chains to public schools were not reliable, and equitable pad provision was not assured...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846054/severe-clinical-events-in-100-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-retrospective-clinical-description-using-a-system-specific-psychopathological-approach
#15
Moritz E Wigand, Fabian U Lang, Lea Reichhardt, Thomas G Schulze, Sebastian Walther, Thomas Becker, Markus Jäger
Catatonic states and numerous other severe clinical events can complicate the course of schizophrenia. Whether these severe courses are associated with particular system-specific symptom dimensions remain unclear. Aim is to assess the frequency of severe clinical events in a clinical population and to investigate the association of these events with sociodemographic data and system-specific psychopathology, combining qualitative and quantitative data. We performed a comprehensive retrospective description of a well-described and geographically stable sample of 100 patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and linked severe clinical events with sociodemographic data at inclusion into the study (as indicators of social functioning) and symptoms at first admission, classified with the Bern Psychopathology Scale (BPS)...
August 28, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844876/-the-stakes-are-so-high-interviews-with-progressive-journalists-reporting-on-abortion
#16
Gretchen Sisson, Stephanie Herold, Katie Woodruff
OBJECTIVES: Because news frames can influence public and policy agendas, proponents of abortion access should be concerned with how this issue is covered in the news. While previous research has examined the content of news on abortion, this analysis explores the process of newsmaking on abortion, examining how journalists understand their role in and experience of covering abortion. STUDY DESIGN: We recruited journalists with experience reporting on abortion through listservs for progressive and feminist reporters...
August 24, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843147/examining-co-occurring-and-pure-relational-and-physical-victimization-in-early-childhood
#17
Sarah J Blakely-McClure, Jamie M Ostrov
The current study took a novel approach to examining peer victimization experiences on a continuum in early childhood. A bifactor approach was used to examine co-occurring victimization as well as the relative contribution of subtypes of victimization, including both physical and relational victimization. To date, no known research has examined co-occurring victimization in early childhood. The fit of a bifactor model, as well as the utility of the model in testing associations with internalizing problems, was examined...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835267/workplace-violence-in-a-tertiary-care-israeli-hospital-a-systematic-analysis-of-the-types-of-violence-the-perpetrators-and-hospital-departments
#18
Sigal Shafran-Tikva, Revital Zelker, Zvi Stern, David Chinitz
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, there is a widespread and disturbing pattern of violence towards healthcare workers. However, violent occurrences in Israeli hospitals have often been unrecognized and underreported. Moreover, most studies have not sufficiently differentiated among the different types of violence. To examine the different types of violence experienced by nurses and physicians, the types of perpetrators and the specialty fields involved. METHODS: A quantitative questionnaire was used to assess the incidence of a "basket" of violent behaviors, divided into eight types of violent manifestations...
August 23, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834422/adapting-realist-synthesis-methodology-the-case-of-workplace-harassment-interventions
#19
Tracey Carr, Elizabeth Quinlan, Susan Robertson, Angie Gerrard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: Research Synthesis Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832282/from-fear-to-resilience-adolescents-experiences-of-violence-in-inner-city-johannesburg-south-africa
#20
Fiona Scorgie, Deborah Baron, Jonathan Stadler, Emilie Venables, Heena Brahmbhatt, Kristin Mmari, Sinead Delany-Moretlwe
BACKGROUND: For adolescents growing up in poor urban South African settings, violence is often a part of daily life and has lasting effects on physical and mental health outcomes in adulthood. We conducted a qualitative study to document and understand the forms of interpersonal violence experienced by adolescents living in Hillbrow, Johannesburg. In this article, we explore how violence is experienced differently by adolescent boys and girls, how they conceptualise 'dangerous' and 'safe' spaces in their neighbourhood and what gaps exist in available services for youth in Hillbrow...
July 4, 2017: BMC Public Health
keyword
keyword
23607
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"