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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146143/reported-mistreatment-during-the-surgery-clerkship-varies-by-student-career-choice
#1
Michael T Kemp, Margaret Smith, Scott Kizy, Michael Englesbe, Rishindra M Reddy
BACKGROUND: Student mistreatment is often a major concern during the surgery clerkship. We hypothesized that mistreatment is decreasing and that career choice may reflect perceived mistreatment. METHODS: We surveyed 2319 physicians about their surgery clerkships. Mistreatment reporting was correlated to physician specialty and medical school graduation year. RESULTS: The response rate was 18.9% (440/2319). Recent graduates reported less mistreatment than more senior graduates (24...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142115/males-harm-females-less-when-competing-with-familiar-relatives
#2
Samuel J Lymbery, Leigh W Simmons
Sexual conflict occurs when reproductive partners have different fitness optima, and can lead to the evolution of traits in one sex that inflict fitness costs on the opposite sex. Recently, it has been proposed that antagonism by males towards females should be reduced when they compete with relatives, because reducing the future productivity of a female would result in an indirect fitness cost for a harmful male. We tested this prediction in the seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus, the males of which harm females with genital spines and pre-copulatory harassment...
November 29, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127430/harassment-a-field-study
#3
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125021/organizational-policies-and-programs-to-reduce-job-stress-and-risk-of-workplace-violence-among-k-12-education-staff
#4
Paul Landsbergis, Jeanette Zoeckler, Zerin Kashem, Bianca Rivera, Darryl Alexander, Amy Bahruth
We examine strategies, programs, and policies that educators have developed to reduce work stressors and thus health risks. First, we review twenty-seven empirical studies and review papers on organizational programs and policies in K-12 education published from 1990 to 2015 and find some evidence that mentoring, induction, and Peer Assistance and Review programs can increase support, skill development, decision-making authority, and perhaps job security, for teachers-and thus have the potential to reduce job stressors...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116986/it-is-time-for-zero-tolerance-for-sexual-harassment-in-academic-medicine
#5
Carol K Bates, Reshma Jagsi, Lynn K Gordon, Elizabeth Travis, Archana Chatterjee, Marin Gillis, Olivia Means, Linda Chaudron, Rebecca Ganetzky, Martha Gulati, Barbara Fivush, Poonam Sharma, Amelia Grover, Diana Lautenberger, Terence R Flotte
While there are more women in leadership positions in academic medicine now than ever before in our history, evidence from recent surveys of women and from graduating medical students demonstrates that sexual harassment continues in our institutions. Our ability to change the culture is hampered by fear of reporting episodes of harassment, which is largely due to fear of retaliation. We describe some efforts in scientific societies that are addressing this and working to establish safe environments at national meetings...
November 7, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109593/legality-racialization-and-immigrants-experience-of-ethnoracial-harassment-in-russia
#6
Victor Agadjanian, Cecilia Menjívar, Natalya Zotova
Using data from a structured survey and in-depth interviews in three Russian cities, our study engages the scholarship on immigration legal regimes and racialization practices to examine the experiences of ethnoracially motivated harassment among working migrant women from Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan in Russia. The results of statistical analyses show that regularized legal status is associated with a significantly lower likelihood of experiencing harassment at the hands of law enforcement agents and other actors alike...
November 1, 2017: Social Problems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108508/a-non-randomised-pragmatic-trial-of-a-school-based-group-cognitive-behavioural-programme-for-preventing-depression-in-girls
#7
Heléne Zetterström Dahlqvist, Evelina Landstedt, Ylva B Almqvist, Katja Gillander Gådin
The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the DISA-programme in preventing depressive symptoms (DS) in adolescent girls, as implemented in a real-world school setting, accounting for baseline socioeconomic and psychosocial factors, and to investigate whether the effects of these baseline variables on DS differed between intervention participants and non-participants. In this non-randomised pragmatic trial, an electronic questionnaire was disseminated in 2011 (baseline) and 2012 (follow-up) in schools in one municipality in northern Sweden...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094715/university-systems-allow-sexual-harassers-to-thrive
#8
Laurel Issen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093051/defining-cyberbullying
#9
REVIEW
Elizabeth Englander, Edward Donnerstein, Robin Kowalski, Carolyn A Lin, Katalin Parti
Is cyberbullying essentially the same as bullying, or is it a qualitatively different activity? The lack of a consensual, nuanced definition has limited the field's ability to examine these issues. Evidence suggests that being a perpetrator of one is related to being a perpetrator of the other; furthermore, strong relationships can also be noted between being a victim of either type of attack. It also seems that both types of social cruelty have a psychological impact, although the effects of being cyberbullied may be worse than those of being bullied in a traditional sense (evidence here is by no means definitive)...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092017/the-effect-on-cardiopulmonary-function-after-thoracoplasty-in-pectus-carinatum-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
Stephan Sigl, Barbara Del Frari, Carina Harasser, Anton H Schwabegger
OBJECTIVES: Creating an aesthetically appealing result using thoracoplasty, especially when correcting extensive deformities, but only causing low morbidity, is challenging. The frequency of thoracoplasties in cases of pectus carinatum (PC) has increased due to improved experience and modified surgical techniques, resulting in low morbidity and low complication rates. The indications for surgical treatment are still controversial and, in most cases, remain aesthetic or psychological rather than physiological...
October 30, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083205/coparenting-relationship-trajectories-marital-violence-linked-to-change-and-variability-after-separation
#11
Jennifer L Hardesty, Brian G Ogolsky, Marcela Raffaelli, Angela Whittaker, Kimberly A Crossman, Megan L Haselschwerdt, Elissa Thomann Mitchell, Lyndal Khaw
Associations between marital intimate partner violence (IPV) and postseparation coparenting relationship trajectories were examined among 135 mothers who participated in 5 interviews at 3-month intervals in the year following their divorce filing. Growth curve analysis was conducted to assess change and variability in coparenting dimensions (i.e., conflict, support, communication about child rearing, and harassment) in the overall sample and by type of IPV. In the overall sample, coparenting conflict, communication about child rearing, and harassment decreased across the year following separation...
October 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079963/the-effects-of-non-physical-peer-sexual-harassment-on-high-school-students-psychological-well-being-in-norway-consistent-and-stable-findings-across-studies
#12
Mons Bendixen, Josef Daveronis, Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair
OBJECTIVES: The paper examines how strongly non-physical peer sexual harassment is associated with a wide range of well-being outcomes from symptoms of depression and anxiety to self-esteem and body image. METHODS: Two large community samples of high school students were analyzed (n = 1384 and n = 1485). Students responded to questionnaires on being subject to non-physical sexual harassment, sexual coercion and forced intercourse, and to well-being indicators ranging from anxiety, depression, self-esteem, body image...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073172/perceptions-of-gender-equality-work-environment-support-and-social-issues-for-women-doctors-at-a-university-hospital-in-riyadh-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#13
Shehla Baqi, Amal Albalbeesi, Sundus Iftikhar, Naila Baig-Ansari, Mohammad Alanazi, Awadh Alanazi
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is an Islamic monarchy and was established in 1932. Saudi women first entered the medical field in 1975 and the country has since seen a steady increase in women pursuing medicine. However, there is limited data on gender related issues for women doctors practicing in Saudi Arabia. Therefore, our study objective was to assess the perception amongst peers regarding gender equality and social issues faced by women doctors in Saudi Arabia. An online anonymous cross-sectional survey was administered in English to doctors at King Khalid Hospital, affiliated to King Saud University, in Riyadh, between April and May of 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067831/social-and-structural-factors-increase-inconsistent-condom-use-by-sex-workers-one-time-and-regular-clients-in-northern-uganda
#14
Putu Duff, Josephine Birungi, Sabina Dobrer, Monika Akello, Godfrey Muzaaya, Kate Shannon
While sex workers (SWs) bear the brunt of the epidemic in Uganda, there remains a dearth of empirical research on the structural drivers of HIV prevention among SWs. This study examined the drivers of inconsistent condom use by one-time and regular clients of young women SWs in Gulu, Northern Uganda. Data were drawn from the Gulu Sexual Health Study, a cross-sectional study of young SWs, aged 14 years and older (2011-2012). SWs were recruited using peer/SW-led outreach, in partnership with The AIDS Support Organization and other CBOs...
October 25, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056822/the-economic-and-career-effects-of-sexual-harassment-on-working-women
#15
Heather McLaughlin, Christopher Uggen, Amy Blackstone
Many working women will experience sexual harassment at some point in their careers. While some report this harassment, many leave their jobs to escape the harassing environment. This mixed-methods study examines whether sexual harassment and subsequent career disruption affect women's careers. Using in-depth interviews and longitudinal survey data from the Youth Development Study, we examine the effect of sexual harassment for women in the early career. We find that sexual harassment increases financial stress, largely by precipitating job change, and can significantly alter women's career attainment...
June 2017: Gender & Society: Official Publication of Sociologists for Women in Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032496/school-practices-to-foster-lgbt-supportive-climate-associations-with-adolescent-bullying-involvement
#16
Amy L Gower, Myriam Forster, Kari Gloppen, Abigail Z Johnson, Marla E Eisenberg, John E Connett, Iris W Borowsky
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth experience disproportionate rates of bullying compared to their heterosexual peers. Schools are well-positioned to address these disparities by creating supportive school climates for LGBT youth, but more research is needed to examine the variety of practices and professional development opportunities put in place to this end. The current study examines how school practices to create supportive LGBT student climate relate to student reports of bullying. Student-level data come from the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey, a state-wide survey of risk and protective factors...
October 14, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032390/psychosocial-work-environment-and-mental-health-related-long-term-sickness-absence-among-nurses
#17
Corné A M Roelen, Marieke F A van Hoffen, Siri Waage, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Jos W R Twisk, Bjørn Bjorvatn, Bente E Moen, Ståle Pallesen
PURPOSE: We investigated which job demands and job resources were predictive of mental health-related long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in nurses. METHODS: The data of 2059 nurses were obtained from the Norwegian survey of Shift work, Sleep and Health. Job demands (psychological demands, role conflict, and harassment at the workplace) and job resources (social support at work, role clarity, and fair leadership) were measured at baseline and linked to mental health-related LTSA during 2-year follow-up...
October 14, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023840/associations-between-peer-harassment-and-school-risk-and-protection-profiles
#18
Kari M Gloppen, Amy L Gower, Barbara J McMorris, Marla E Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Peer harassment can have serious implications for students' success and well-being, and prevention programs need to consider the school context. This study aimed to: (1) identify groups of similar schools based on their risk and protective factors and demographic characteristics and (2) examine associations between school profiles and students' bullying involvement. METHODS: Data came from 505 schools and 122,106 students who completed the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey...
November 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023668/ethnic-harassment-and-immigrant-youth-s-engagement-in-violent-behaviors-understanding-the-risk-factors
#19
Sevgi Bayram Özdemir, Metin Özdemir, Hakån Stattin
The present study aimed to examine whether ethnic harassment was related to violent behaviors among immigrant youth over time and to identify the risk factors. The sample comprised immigrant adolescents living in Sweden (N = 365; Mage  = 13.93, SD = 0.80). Results showed that the more youth were ethnically harassed, the more they engaged in violent acts over time. A separated identity significantly moderated the effect of ethnic harassment on youth's engagement in violent behaviors. Specifically, ethnic harassment positively predicted engagement in violent behaviors only at high levels of separated identity...
October 10, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016163/a-meta-analysis-of-sex-and-race-differences-in-perceived-workplace-mistreatment
#20
Mallory A McCord, Dana L Joseph, Lindsay Y Dhanani, Jeremy M Beus
Despite the growing number of meta-analyses published on the subject of workplace mistreatment and the expectation that women and racial minorities are mistreated more frequently than men and Whites, the degree of subgroup differences in perceived workplace mistreatment is unknown. To address this gap in the literature, we meta-analyzed the magnitude of sex and race differences in perceptions of workplace mistreatment (e.g., harassment, discrimination, bullying, incivility). Results indicate that women perceive more sex-based mistreatment (i...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
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