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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647719/a-cross-sectional-study-on-the-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-for-workplace-violence-against-chinese-nurses
#1
Lei Shi, Danyang Zhang, Chenyu Zhou, Libin Yang, Tao Sun, Tianjun Hao, Xiangwen Peng, Lei Gao, Wenhui Liu, Yi Mu, Yuzhen Han, Lihua Fan
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to explore the characteristics of workplace violence that Chinese nurses at tertiary and county-level hospitals encountered in the 12 months from December 2014 to January 2016, to identify and analyse risk factors for workplace violence, and to establish the basis for future preventive strategies. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: A total of 44 tertiary hospitals and 90 county-level hospitals in 16 provinces (municipalities or autonomous regions) in China...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646281/relations-between-work-and-upper-extremity-musculoskeletal-problems-uemsp-and-the-moderating-role-of-psychosocial-work-factors-on-the-relation-between-computer-work-and-uemsp
#2
Nektaria Nicolakakis, Susan R Stock, Michal Abrahamowicz, Rex Kline, Karen Messing
PURPOSE: Computer work has been identified as a risk factor for upper extremity musculoskeletal problems (UEMSP). But few studies have investigated how psychosocial and organizational work factors affect this relation. Nor have gender differences in the relation between UEMSP and these work factors  been studied. We sought to estimate: (1) the association between UEMSP and a range of physical, psychosocial and organizational work exposures, including the duration of computer work, and (2) the moderating effect of psychosocial work exposures on the relation between computer work and UEMSP...
June 23, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645965/the-perspective-of-european-researchers-of-national-occupational-safety-and-health-institutes-for-contributing-to-a-european-research-agenda-a-modified-delphi-study
#3
Diana Gagliardi, Bruna M Rondinone, Marco Mirabile, Giuliana Buresti, Peter Ellwood, Michel Hery, Peter Paszkiewicz, Antonio Valenti, Sergio Iavicoli
OBJECTIVES: This study, developed within the frame of the Partnership for European Research on Occupational Safety and Health joint research activities and based on the frame designed by the 2013 European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) study, is the first example of using the points of view of European occupational safety and health (OSH) researchers.The objective is to identify priorities for OSH research that may contribute to the achievement of present and future sustainable growth objectives set by the European strategies...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641147/suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-among-women-firefighters-an-examination-of-associated-features-and-comparison-of-pre-career-and-career-prevalence-rates
#4
Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Sally Spencer-Thomas, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Women protective service workers die by suicide at a higher rate than women workers in other occupational groups. However, no study has examined rates and correlates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among women firefighters, despite the potential for these data to inform suicide screening, prevention, and intervention initiatives. The purpose of this study is to describe and compare pre-career and career rates of suicidal thoughts and behaviors and identify their sociodemographic and occupational correlates among women firefighters...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641046/exploring-the-health-needs-of-aging-lgbt-adults-in-the-cape-fear-region-of-north-carolina
#5
Noell L Rowan, Kelsey Beyer
This study explored issues of culturally sensitive health care practice and needs among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender aging adults in coastal North Carolina. Survey data from 2013 to 2015 were analyzed using frequencies and logistic regression on concerns with culturally sensitive health needs for the LGBT aging adult population. Results indicated that the largest problem was a history of being verbally harassed (n = 115; 51.57%) and a need for more culturally sensitive health care provisions. A large majority of participants requested an improvement in offering of LGBT specific social activities (n = 149), recreational activities (n = 116), and art and cultural activities (n = 112)...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636646/variation-in-hunting-behaviour-in-neighbouring-chimpanzee-communities-in-the-budongo-forest-uganda
#6
Catherine Hobaiter, Liran Samuni, Caroline Mullins, Walter John Akankwasa, Klaus Zuberbühler
Hunting and sharing of meat is seen across all chimpanzee sites, with variation in prey preferences, hunting techniques, frequencies, and success rates. Here, we compared hunting and meat-eating behaviour in two adjacent chimpanzee communities (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) of Budongo Forest, Uganda: the Waibira and Sonso communities. We observed consistent between-group differences in prey-species preferences and in post-hunting behaviour. Sonso chimpanzees show a strong prey preference for Guereza colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza occidentalis; 74...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617003/sexual-harassment-victimization-school-belonging-and-depressive-symptoms-among-lgbtq-adolescents-temporal-insights
#7
Tyler Hatchel, Dorothy L Espelage, Yuanhong Huang
Peer victimization and the associated poor outcomes among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth have been the focus of countless studies. School climate is a factor that has garnered significant attention. Perceptions of school contexts may even be mechanisms that define how victimization relates to poor outcomes. However, there is a lack of rigorous scholarship that could demonstrate directionality and therefore further augment our understanding of these relations. Specifically, it is not clear if victimization is strictly an antecedent to mental health issues like depressive symptoms...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616999/investigating-why-and-for-whom-management-ethnic-representativeness-influences-interpersonal-mistreatment-in-the-workplace
#8
Alex P Lindsey, Derek R Avery, Jeremy F Dawson, Eden B King
Preliminary research suggests that employees use the demographic makeup of their organization to make sense of diversity-related incidents at work. The authors build on this work by examining the impact of management ethnic representativeness-the degree to which the ethnic composition of managers in an organization mirrors or is misaligned with the ethnic composition of employees in that organization. To do so, they integrate signaling theory and a sense-making perspective into a relational demography framework to investigate why and for whom management ethnic representativeness may have an impact on interpersonal mistreatment at work...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616887/computer-based-training-cbt-intervention-reduces-workplace-violence-and-harassment-for-homecare-workers
#9
Nancy Glass, Ginger C Hanson, W Kent Anger, Naima Laharnar, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Marc Weinstein, Nancy Perrin
BACKGROUND: The study examines the effectiveness of a workplace violence and harassment prevention and response program with female homecare workers in a consumer driven model of care. METHODS: Homecare workers were randomized to either; computer based training (CBT only) or computer-based training with homecare worker peer facilitation (CBT + peer). Participants completed measures on confidence, incidents of violence, and harassment, health and work outcomes at baseline, 3, 6 months post-baseline...
July 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612152/harassment-of-adults-by-immatures-in-bonobos-pan-paniscus-testing-the-exploratory-aggression-and-rank-improvement-hypotheses
#10
Klaree Boose, Frances White
The immatures of many primate species frequently pester adult group members with aggressive behaviors referred to as a type of harassment. Although these behaviors are characteristic of immatures as they develop from infancy through adolescence, there have been few studies that specifically address the adaptive significance of harassment. Two functional hypotheses have been generated from observations of the behavior in chimpanzees. The Exploratory Aggression hypothesis describes harassment as a mechanism used by immatures to learn about the parameters of aggression and dominance behavior and to acquire information about novel, complex, or unpredictable relationships...
June 13, 2017: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608726/stigma-and-work-discrimination-among-cancer-survivors-a-scoping-review-and-recommendations
#11
Mary Stergiou-Kita, Xueqing Qie, Hau Ki Yau, Sally Lindsay
BACKGROUND: Stigma and workplace discrimination can hinder employment opportunities for cancer survivors. PURPOSE: This study explored perceptions of stigma and workplace discrimination for cancer survivors to understand the impact on survivors' engagement in paid work and to identify strategies to address stigma and workplace discrimination. METHOD: Using Arksey and O'Malley's framework, we searched Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, Scopus, and CINAHL for evidence that intersected three concepts: cancer, stigma, and employment/workplace discrimination...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594630/psychopathy-and-deviant-workplace-behavior-a-comparison-of-two-psychopathy-models
#12
Jessica R Carre, Steven M Mueller, Karly M Schleicher, Daniel N Jones
Although psychopathy is an interpersonally harmful construct, few studies have compared different psychopathy models in predicting different types of workplace deviance. We examined how the Triarchic Psychopathy Model (TRI-PM) and the Self-Report Psychopathy-Short Form (SRP-SF) predicted deviant workplace behaviors in two forms: sexual harassment and deviant work behaviors. Using structural equations modeling, the latent factor of psychopathy was predictive for both types of deviant workplace behavior. Specifically, the SRP-SF significantly predicted both measures of deviant workplace behavior...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592711/occupational-violence-in-pregnant-women-in-brazil-a-sample-of-cases-in-the-labor-court
#13
Bárbara de Oliveira Turatti, Rodrigo Otávio Moretti-Pires
Brazilian women are still a recurring target of discrimination in the workplace, facing violence related to gender relations and moral harassment, especially when they are pregnant. When the worker perceives discriminatory acts and attitudes or any violation of the rights guaranteed by law, she may appeal to the Labor Court to initiate legal action. This in turn exposes the worker to a number of issues, such as workplace persecution and future dismissal. The rights of pregnant women to temporary stability, free time for medical examinations, change of duties and maternity leave contrast with the usurpation of the administration's workforce...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588956/gender-disparities-in-the-experience-effects-and-reporting-of-electronic-aggression-among-secondary-school-students-in-nigeria
#14
Adesola O Olumide, Emmanuel Adebayo, Babatunde Oluwagbayela
BACKGROUND: Electronic aggression is the use of electronic communication technologies to harass others. It is a problem among adolescents and young people worldwide. There is a dearth of information on this problem in developing countries in spite of the increasing use of electronic media technology in these countries. OBJECTIVE: To explore gender differences in the prevalence, effects and reporting of electronic aggression among secondary school students in Oyo state, Nigeria...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584921/patterns-of-bullying-and-sexual-harassment-connections-with-parents-and-teachers-as-direct-protective-factors
#15
Jennifer L Doty, Amy L Gower, Jessie H Rudi, Barbara J McMorris, Iris W Borowsky
Involvement in bullying and sexual harassment in adolescence is associated with a variety of internalizing, externalizing, and health-risk behaviors. Yet, the two behaviors are often studied independently. The current study examined how bullying and sexual harassment co-occur and whether social connections protected youth from risk patterns. The data for this study come from the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey (N = 121,311; 50% female, 74% White, 26% received free or reduced-price lunch; M age = 14.9, SD = 1...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583648/fluorescence-optical-imaging-and-3t-mri-for-detection-of-synovitis-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-comparison-to-a-composite-standard-of-reference
#16
Klaus Thuermel, Jan Neumann, Pia M Jungmann, Christoph Schäffeler, Simone Waldt, Alexander Heinze, Alexander Beckmann, Christine Hauser, Anna-Lena Hasenau, Moritz Wildgruber, Sigrun Clotten, Matti Sievert, Bernhard Haller, Klaus Woertler, Norbert Harasser, Ernst J Rummeny, Reinhard Meier
OBJECTIVES: To address whether Indocyanine Green (ICG) enhanced fluorescence optical imaging (FOI) is more sensitive than magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the detection of synovitis of the wrist and finger joints in rheumatoid arthritis and to analyze the performance of FOI depending on the grade of synovitis. METHODS: Twenty patients with highly active rheumatoid arthritis (mean DAS28-ESR 5.25±1.0) and thirteen healthy volunteers underwent clinical examination, FOI and contrast-enhanced 3T-MRI...
May 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582948/the-big-sell-managing-stigma-and-workplace-discrimination-following-moderate-to-severe-brain-injury
#17
Mary Stergiou-Kita, Alisa Grigorovich, Thecla Damianakis, Guylaine Le Dorze, Christine David, Carolyn Lemsky, Debbie Hebert
BACKGROUND: Misperceptions regarding persons with brain injuries (PWBI) can lead to stigmatization, workplace discrimination and, in turn, influence PWBIs full vocational integration. OBJECTIVE: In this study we explored how stigma may influence return-to-work processes, experiences of stigma and discrimination at the workplace for persons with (moderate to severe) brain injuries, and strategies that can be employed to manage disclosure. METHODS: Exploratory qualitative study; used in-depth interviews and an inductive thematic analytical approach in data analysis...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582653/gender-matters-experiences-and-consequences-of-digital-dating-abuse-victimization-in-adolescent-dating-relationships
#18
Lauren A Reed, Richard M Tolman, L Monique Ward
Digital dating abuse (DDA) behaviors include the use of digital media to monitor, control, threaten, harass, pressure, or coerce a dating partner. In this study, 703 high school students reported on the frequency of DDA victimization, whether they were upset by these incidents, and how they responded. Results suggest that although both girls and boys experienced DDA at similar rates of frequency (with the exception of sexual coercion), girls reported that they were more upset by these behaviors. Girls also expressed more negative emotional responses to DDA victimization than boys...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580845/-nobody-teases-good-girls-a-qualitative-study-on-perceptions-of-sexual-harassment-among-young-men-in-a-slum-of-mumbai
#19
Susannah Zietz, Madhumita Das
Young adulthood is a key period in which gender norms are solidified. As a result, young women are particularly vulnerable to gender-based violence. In Delhi, over 90% of women have ever experienced sexual violence in public spaces. Sexual harassment of girls and women in public spaces is commonly named 'eve teasing' in India. Experience of sexual harassment in public spaces has been found to be associated with restricted mobility, interrupted education, and early age at marriage. Little is known about men's perspectives on eve teasing and how they believe it affects women and girls...
June 5, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569622/homophobic-bullying-and-cyberbullying-study-of-a-silenced-problem
#20
Paz Elipe, María de la Oliva Muñoz, Rosario Del Rey
Bullying and cyberbullying have been studied extensively. In Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Questioning (LGBQ) students these phenomena seem to be overrepresented so that, although they share some common elements, homophobic bullying and cyberbullying could be considered as specific phenomena. This study analyzed homophobic bullying and cyberbullying, with the participation of 533 Spanish secondary school students aged from 12 to 20 (M = 14.9, SD = 1.7). The results showed that students identified as non-heterosexual experienced a higher level of being targeted with bullying and cyberbullying, declaring almost half of them they had been victimized and more than 20% cybervictimized...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
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