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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431796/lessons-learned-from-twins-in-autoimmune-and-chronic-inflammatory-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Elena Generali, Angela Ceribelli, Maria Antonietta Stazi, Carlo Selmi
Autoimmunity and chronic inflammation recognize numerous shared factors and, as a result, the resulting diseases frequently coexist in the same patients or respond to the same treatments. Among the convenient truths of autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases, there is now agreement that these are complex conditions in which the individual genetic predisposition provides a rate of heritability. The concordance rates in monozygotic and dizygotic twins allows to estimate the weight of the environment in determining disease susceptibility, despite recent data supporting that only a minority of immune markers depend on hereditary factors...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405139/regulation-of-intestinal-permeability-the-role-of-proteases
#2
REVIEW
Hanne Van Spaendonk, Hannah Ceuleers, Leonie Witters, Eveline Patteet, Jurgen Joossens, Koen Augustyns, Anne-Marie Lambeir, Ingrid De Meester, Joris G De Man, Benedicte Y De Winter
The gastrointestinal barrier is - with approximately 400 m(2) - the human body's largest surface separating the external environment from the internal milieu. This barrier serves a dual function: permitting the absorption of nutrients, water and electrolytes on the one hand, while limiting host contact with noxious luminal antigens on the other hand. To maintain this selective barrier, junction protein complexes seal the intercellular space between adjacent epithelial cells and regulate the paracellular transport...
March 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399059/rotavirus-vaccination-and-the-risk-of-celiac-disease-or-type-1-diabetes-in-finnish-children-at-early-life
#3
Vaarala Outi, Jokinen Jukka, Lahdenkari Mika, Leino Tuija
Rotavirus infection has been suggested as a trigger of type 1 diabetes (T1D) and celiac disease (CD) related autoimmunity. We carried out a nationwide population-based cohort study evaluating whether prevention of rotavirus infection with vaccination affects the risk of CD and T1D diagnosed during 2009-2014 in Finnish children by comparing vaccinated and unvaccinated children in a cohort born in 2009-2010. Nationwide rotavirus vaccination records were collected from health-care databases during 2009-2011 and validated for a sample of 495 children born 7/2009-12/2009...
April 10, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396623/modified-mediterranean-diet-for-enrichment-of-short-chain-fatty-acids-potential-adjunctive-therapeutic-to-target-immune-and-metabolic-dysfunction-in-schizophrenia
#4
Jamie Joseph, Colin Depp, Pei-An B Shih, Kristen S Cadenhead, Geert Schmid-Schönbein
Growing interest in gut and digestive processes and their potential link to brain and peripheral based inflammation or biobehavioral phenotypes has led to an increasing number of basic and translational scientific reports focused on the role of gut microbiota within the context of neuropsychiatric disorders. However, the effect of dietary modification on specific gut metabolites, in association with immune, metabolic, and psychopathological functioning in schizophrenia spectrum disorders has not been well characterized...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364043/unraveling-the-structural-basis-for-the-unusually-rich-association-of-human-leukocyte-antigen-dq2-5-with-class-ii-associated-invariant-chain-peptides
#5
Thanh-Binh Nguyen, Priya Jayaraman, Elin Bergseng, Mallur S Madhusudhan, Chu-Young Kim, Ludvig M Sollid
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DQ2.5 (DQA1*05/DQB1*02) is a class II major histocompatibility complex protein associated with both type 1 diabetes and celiac disease. One unusual feature of DQ2.5 is its high class-II-associated invariant chain peptide (CLIP) content. Moreover, DQ2.5 preferentially binds the non-canonical CLIP2 over the canonical CLIP1. To better understand the structural basis of DQ2.5's unusual CLIP association characteristics, better insight into the DQ2.5-CLIP complex structures is required...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363537/surface-and-nutraceutical-properties-of-edible-films-made-from-starchy-sources-with-and-without-added-blackberry-pulp
#6
Tomy J Gutiérrez
The surface and nutraceutical properties have been poorly studied on edible films. The aim of this study was to investigate the surface properties and potential health effects in terms of in vitro digestibility and anti-inflammatory activity. The materials were developed from native plantain starch and pre-gelatinized plantain flour with and without added blackberry pulp using casting methodology. Thermogravimetric analysis, contact angle, scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, resistant starch, in vitro digestibility, cell viability, reactive oxygen species, anti-inflammatory activity and sensory evaluation were the tests carried out in this study...
June 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346935/dysbiosis-in-the-neonatal-period-role-of-cesarean-section
#7
Josef Neu
From epidemiological studies and studies done evaluating microbiomes in infants, there is a strong signal that the infants born by elective cesarean section (C-section) develop microbiota that differs from those babies born by vaginal delivery. Epidemiological studies show increased odds ratios for the development of immunological disorders such as type 1 diabetes, celiac disease, asthma, allergic diseases as well as metabolic diseases such as obesity in babies born by C-section. These are interesting associations, and if supported by additional studies that rigorously control for confounding factors, they will have major public health implications...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338063/greater-postprandial-glucose-excursions-and-inadequate-nutrient-intake-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-and-celiac-disease
#8
Anna Pham-Short, Kim C Donaghue, Geoffrey Ambler, Sarah Garnett, Maria E Craig
The gluten free diet (GFD) has a high glycemic index and low-fiber content, which potentially influences glycemic excursions in type 1 diabetes (T1D) and celiac disease (CD). Participants in this case-control study of youth with T1D+CD (n = 10) and T1D only (n = 7) wore blinded continuous glucose monitoring systems for six days. Blood glucose levels (BGLs) were compared between groups for each meal, including pre-meal, peak, 2-hour postprandial and time-to-peak. Participants consumed a test-breakfast of GF cereal and milk for three days and kept weighed food diaries; nutrient intake was analyzed and compared to national recommendations...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333965/worm-infestations-and-development-of-autoimmunity-in-children-the-abis-study
#9
Johnny Ludvigsson, Michael P Jones, Åshild Faresjö
Worm infestations influence the immune system and may therefore decrease the risk for autoimmune diseases. The aim of the study was to determine whether children who have developed autoimmune disease were less likely to have had worm infestations in childhood. The ABIS-study is a prospective population-based cohort study of children born in southeast Sweden 1997/99. 17.055 children participated. As of June 2014 116 individuals had developed Type 1 diabetes, 181 celiac disease, and 53 Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324102/duodenal-mucosa-of-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-shows-distinctive-inflammatory-profile-and-microbiota
#10
Silvia Pellegrini, Valeria Sordi, Andrea Mario Bolla, Diego Saita, Roberto Ferrarese, Filippo Canducci, Massimo Clementi, Francesca Invernizzi, Alberto Mariani, Riccardo Bonfanti, Graziano Barera, Pier Alberto Testoni, Claudio Doglioni, Emanuele Bosi, Lorenzo Piemonti
Context: Increasing evidences suggest a correlation between gut and type 1 diabetes (T1D). Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the gut inflammatory profile and microbiota in patients with T1D, compared to healthy controls (CTRL) and patients with celiac disease (CD) as gut inflammatory disease controls. Design/Setting/Participants: The inflammatory status and microbiome composition were evaluated in biopsies of the duodenal mucosa of patients with T1D (n=19), CD (n=19) and CTRL (n=16), recruited at San Raffaele Scientific Institute, in Milan, Italy, between 2009 and 2015...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292664/successfully-treated-asymptomatic-celiac-artery-aneurysm-a-case-report
#11
Nobuhiro Takeuchi, Junichi Soneda, Hiromichi Naito, Atsuyoshi Iida, Tetsuya Yumoto, Kohei Tsukahara, Atsunori Nakao
BACKGROUND: Celiac artery aneurysm is a rare vascular lesion. It is frequently discovered after rupture, which leads to death in most cases. We present a case of an asymptomatic celiac artery aneurysm discovered in a 72-year-old female during an evaluation for high grade fever and general fatigue. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient visited our department with complaints of fever and general fatigue. The patient's medical history included type 2 diabetes mellitus with poor control and hypertension...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276835/autoimmune-gastritis-relationships-with-anemia-and-helicobacter-pylori-status
#12
Vincenzo Villanacci, Giovanni Casella, Francesco Lanzarotto, Camillo Di Bella, Angelo Sidoni, Moris Cadei, Tiziana Salviato, Maria Pina Dore, Gabrio Bassotti
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune gastritis (AIG) is a gastric pathologic condition affecting the mucosa of the fundus and the body and eventually leading to hypo-achlorhydria. AIMS: We report our clinical and pathological experience with AIG. METHODS: Data from patients with a diagnosis of AIG seen in the period January 2002-December 2012 were retrieved. Only patients with complete sets of biopsies were analyzed. RESULTS: Data from 138 patients were available for analysis...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247576/hla-class-ii-alleles-in-norwegian-patients-with-coexisting-type-1-diabetes-and-celiac-disease
#13
M K Viken, S T Flåm, T Skrivarhaug, S S Amundsen, L M Sollid, A K Drivvoll, G Joner, K Dahl-Jørgensen, B A Lie
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and celiac disease (CeD) are 2 distinct diseases, but there is an increased risk of developing CeD for T1D patients. Both diseases are associated with HLA-class II alleles, such as DQB1 *02:01 and DQB1 *03:02; however, their risk contribution vary between the diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We genotyped HLA-DRB1 and - DQB1 in 215 patients with coexisting T1D and CeD identified from a T1D cohort, and compared them to patients with T1D (N = 487) and CeD (N = 327), as well as healthy controls (N = 368)...
May 2017: HLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247429/large-population-study-shows-that-adolescents-with-celiac-disease-have-an-increased-risk-of-multiple-autoimmune-and-nonautoimmune-comorbidities
#14
Amit Assa, Yael Frenkel-Nir, Dorit Tzur, Lior H Katz, Raanan Shamir
AIM: Celiac disease (CD) is a systemic disorder that is associated with various autoimmune disorders and a higher prevalence of other diagnoses and complications. This large, cross-sectional, population-based study investigated the associations between CD and various medical conditions during late adolescence. METHODS: We included 2 001 353 Jewish Israeli adolescents who underwent a general health examination at a median age of 17.1 (16.9-17.4) years from 1988 to 2015...
March 1, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243038/the-role-of-flow-cytometry-in-celiac-disease-screening-using-human-leukocyte-antigen-in-adult-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Miren Vicuña Arregui, Jose Manuel Zozaya Urmeneta, Helena León Brito, Juan Pablo Martínez De Esteban, Carlos Prieto Martínez, Lluis Forga Llenas, Erkuden Aranburu Urtasun, Francisco Sala Pericas, Ramón Angós Musgo, Maria Rosario Mercado Gutierrez, Mercedes Palacios Sarrasqueta
BACKGROUND: Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1) have an increased risk of celiac disease (CD). Since CD can be seronegative, more sensible tests for detection are needed. In seronegative patients, CD diagnosis may be difficult because of a lack of specificity. Flow cytometry analysis of lymphocyte populations can be useful in this situation. We aimed to study the prevalence of CD in adult DM1 using human leukocyte antigen (HLA) compatibility-based screening. A secondary goal was to study the role of flow cytometry as a complementary tool in these patients...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241208/association-between-telomere-length-and-risk-of-cancer-and-non-neoplastic-diseases-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#16
Philip C Haycock, Stephen Burgess, Aayah Nounu, Jie Zheng, George N Okoli, Jack Bowden, Kaitlin Hazel Wade, Nicholas J Timpson, David M Evans, Peter Willeit, Abraham Aviv, Tom R Gaunt, Gibran Hemani, Massimo Mangino, Hayley Patricia Ellis, Kathreena M Kurian, Karen A Pooley, Rosalind A Eeles, Jeffrey E Lee, Shenying Fang, Wei V Chen, Matthew H Law, Lisa M Bowdler, Mark M Iles, Qiong Yang, Bradford B Worrall, Hugh Stephen Markus, Rayjean J Hung, Chris I Amos, Amanda B Spurdle, Deborah J Thompson, Tracy A O'Mara, Brian Wolpin, Laufey Amundadottir, Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon, Antonia Trichopoulou, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Eiliv Lund, Eric J Duell, Federico Canzian, Gianluca Severi, Kim Overvad, Marc J Gunter, Rosario Tumino, Ulrika Svenson, Andre van Rij, Annette F Baas, Matthew J Bown, Nilesh J Samani, Femke N G van t'Hof, Gerard Tromp, Gregory T Jones, Helena Kuivaniemi, James R Elmore, Mattias Johansson, James Mckay, Ghislaine Scelo, Robert Carreras-Torres, Valerie Gaborieau, Paul Brennan, Paige M Bracci, Rachel E Neale, Sara H Olson, Steven Gallinger, Donghui Li, Gloria M Petersen, Harvey A Risch, Alison P Klein, Jiali Han, Christian C Abnet, Neal D Freedman, Philip R Taylor, John M Maris, Katja K Aben, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Sita H Vermeulen, John K Wiencke, Kyle M Walsh, Margaret Wrensch, Terri Rice, Clare Turnbull, Kevin Litchfield, Lavinia Paternoster, Marie Standl, Gonçalo R Abecasis, John Paul SanGiovanni, Yong Li, Vladan Mijatovic, Yadav Sapkota, Siew-Kee Low, Krina T Zondervan, Grant W Montgomery, Dale R Nyholt, David A van Heel, Karen Hunt, Dan E Arking, Foram N Ashar, Nona Sotoodehnia, Daniel Woo, Jonathan Rosand, Mary E Comeau, W Mark Brown, Edwin K Silverman, John E Hokanson, Michael H Cho, Jennie Hui, Manuel A Ferreira, Philip J Thompson, Alanna C Morrison, Janine F Felix, Nicholas L Smith, Angela M Christiano, Lynn Petukhova, Regina C Betz, Xing Fan, Xuejun Zhang, Caihong Zhu, Carl D Langefeld, Susan D Thompson, Feijie Wang, Xu Lin, David A Schwartz, Tasha Fingerlin, Jerome I Rotter, Mary Frances Cotch, Richard A Jensen, Matthias Munz, Henrik Dommisch, Arne S Schaefer, Fang Han, Hanna M Ollila, Ryan P Hillary, Omar Albagha, Stuart H Ralston, Chenjie Zeng, Wei Zheng, Xiao-Ou Shu, Andre Reis, Steffen Uebe, Ulrike Hüffmeier, Yoshiya Kawamura, Takeshi Otowa, Tsukasa Sasaki, Martin Lloyd Hibberd, Sonia Davila, Gang Xie, Katherine Siminovitch, Jin-Xin Bei, Yi-Xin Zeng, Asta Försti, Bowang Chen, Stefano Landi, Andre Franke, Annegret Fischer, David Ellinghaus, Carlos Flores, Imre Noth, Shwu-Fan Ma, Jia Nee Foo, Jianjun Liu, Jong-Won Kim, David G Cox, Olivier Delattre, Olivier Mirabeau, Christine F Skibola, Clara S Tang, Merce Garcia-Barcelo, Kai-Ping Chang, Wen-Hui Su, Yu-Sun Chang, Nicholas G Martin, Scott Gordon, Tracey D Wade, Chaeyoung Lee, Michiaki Kubo, Pei-Chieng Cha, Yusuke Nakamura, Daniel Levy, Masayuki Kimura, Shih-Jen Hwang, Steven Hunt, Tim Spector, Nicole Soranzo, Ani W Manichaikul, R Graham Barr, Bratati Kahali, Elizabeth Speliotes, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Ching-Yu Cheng, Jost B Jonas, Tien Yin Wong, Isabella Fogh, Kuang Lin, John F Powell, Kenneth Rice, Caroline L Relton, Richard M Martin, George Davey Smith
Importance: The causal direction and magnitude of the association between telomere length and incidence of cancer and non-neoplastic diseases is uncertain owing to the susceptibility of observational studies to confounding and reverse causation. Objective: To conduct a Mendelian randomization study, using germline genetic variants as instrumental variables, to appraise the causal relevance of telomere length for risk of cancer and non-neoplastic diseases. Data Sources: Genomewide association studies (GWAS) published up to January 15, 2015...
February 23, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233015/-endocrinology-and-interdisciplinary-consultation-in-internal-medicine-illustrated-using-the-example-of-polyglandular-autoimmune-syndrome
#17
G J Kahaly, J Zimmermann, M P Hansen, F Gundling, F Popp, M Welcker
Polyglandular autoimmune syndromes encompass several endocrine and nonendocrine autoimmune disorders with variable onset and phenotype. Rheumatoid and gastroenterological symptoms in patients with autoimmune polyglandular syndromes are suggestive of additional rheumatoid gastrointestinal and hepatological autoimmune diseases. Autoimmune gastritis, celiac disease, autoimmune hepatitis, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren syndrome, and systemic Lupus erythematodus are of particular clinical relevance. In addition, unspecific rheumatoid and gastrointestinal attendant symptoms of the existing autoimmune endocrinopathy must be considered...
February 23, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230702/does-infant-feeding-modulate-the-manifestation-of-celiac-disease-and-type-1-diabetes
#18
Caroline R Meijer, Valentina Discepolo, Riccardo Troncone, Maria L Mearin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review aims to critically discuss the role of infant feeding in the development of celiac disease and type 1 diabetes (T1D). RECENT FINDINGS: Prospective observational and randomized interventional studies show that breastfeeding (BF) or BF during gluten introduction does not reduce the risk of developing CD, but high gluten consumption before age 2 years increased the risk in Swedish children.Despite evidence from retrospective studies, prospective trials failed to find a protective effect of breastfeeding against the risk of T1D development...
May 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219962/psychological-manifestations-of-celiac-disease-autoimmunity-in-young-children
#19
Laura B Smith, Kristian F Lynch, Kalle Kurppa, Sibylle Koletzko, Jeffrey Krischer, Edwin Liu, Suzanne Bennett Johnson, Daniel Agardh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psychological symptoms can be associated with celiac disease; however, this association has not been studied prospectively in a pediatric cohort. We examined mother report of psychological functioning in children persistently positive for tissue transglutaminase autoantibodies (tTGA), defined as celiac disease autoimmunity (CDA), compared with children without CDA in a screening population of genetically at-risk children. We also investigated differences in psychological symptoms based on mothers' awareness of their child's CDA status...
March 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207537/lymph-node-dissection-for-siewert-ii-esophagogastric-junction-adenocarcinoma-a-retrospective-study-of-3-surgical-procedures
#20
Xiao-Feng Duan, Jie Yue, Peng Tang, Xiao-Bin Shang, Hong-Jing Jiang, Zhen-Tao Yu
The present study was aimed to investigate the application of right thansthoracic Ivor-Lewis (IL), left transthoracic (LTT), and left thoracoabdominal (LTA) approach in Siewert type II adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG).The data of 196 patients with Siewert type II AEG received surgical resection in our cancer center between January 2014 and April 2016 was retrospectively analyzed. Finally, 136 patients met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study and divided into the IL (47 cases), LTT (51 cases), and LTA group (38 cases)...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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