keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hepatology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212334/-hyperlipoprotienemias-and-not-only-atherosclerosis-fragments-from-history-and-present
#1
Richard Češka
The examples from the history, as well as the recent view, clearly demonstrate a great change in the perception of hyperlipoprotienemias and dyslipidemias (HLP and DLP) at the end of 20th and at the beginning of 21st century. Our aim is not a complex overview about HLP and DLP. We just want to describe the changing position and importance of these diseases in clinical medicine. We will touch cardiology, angiology, but also diabetology, hepatology and gastroenterology (pancreas). HLP and DLP, which started as a research topic in laboratory became clinically interesting as risk factors of atherosclerosis...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210919/the-role-of-combination-therapy-in-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-ibd-a-clinical-report-from-the-north-american-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#2
Andrew S Day, Ajay S Gulati, Nishaben Patel, Brendan Boyle, K T Park, Shehzad A Saeed
The treatment goal for children suffering from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been evolving with biologic therapies like anti-TNF agents assuming a more central role in treatment of more aggressive and extensive phenotype. Earlier introduction of anti-TNF agents have shown to be more effective and may even alter the natural history of IBD. However, development of anti-drug antibodies (ADA) limits long term usage and leads to dose adjustment in almost half of patients treated with these medications. One of the strategies to minimize the development of ADA has been concomitant use of immunomodulator (IM) medications, resulting in fewer infusion reactions and sustained trough levels, potentially lowering the need for dose adjustments...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208877/significance-of-age-spleen-platelet-ratio-index-aspri-to-exclude-cirrhosis-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#3
F Ahmed, M A Mahtab, S Rahman, M F Karim, M Khan, T Akther, A H Manik, C R Debnath
Liver biopsy is an integral part of management of patients with Chronic Hepatitis B (CHB), which is helpful in confirming diagnosis, assessing grade of inflammation and stage of fibrosis and also in guiding treatment strategy. Although liver biopsy is relatively safe, morbidity occurs in 0.2-2% of patients. Hence various non-invasive markers, like AST-ALT Ratio (AAR), Age-Platelet Index (API), AST to Platelet Ratio Index (APRI), Fibroscan etc. have been developed worldwide to asses liver histology. Age-Spleen-Platelet Ratio Index (ASPRI) is new in this series...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201789/relationship-between-hepatitis-b-viral-deoxyribonucleic-acid-load-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#4
Muhammad M Hussain, Mamun Al Mahtab, Shahidul Islam, Nooruddin Ahmed, Salimur Rahman, Mobin Khan
Introduction: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is an established cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and is associated with poor prognosis. High HBV deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) load has been identified in HCC and hepatitis B surface antigen-positive patients. Materials and methods: This study was done in the Department of Hepatology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh, from January 2006 to December 2007. Thirty patients with HBV infection-related HCC were enrolled...
January 2017: Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199921/developing-a-community-hcv-service-project-ittreat-integrated-community-based-test-stage-treat-service-for-people-who-inject-drugs
#5
Ahmed Hashim, Margaret O'Sullivan, Hugh Williams, Sumita Verma
Background and aims Majority of the individuals with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in England are people who inject drugs, a vulnerable and disenfranchised cohort with poor engagement with secondary care. Our aim is to describe our experiences in setting up a successful nurse led HCV service at a substance misuse service (SMS). METHODS: We justify the need for a community HCV service and review the different community based models. Our experiences in engaging with stakeholders, obtaining funding, service set up, challenges faced and key recommendations are discussed...
December 4, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198562/disease-burden-and-costs-from-excess-alcohol-consumption-obesity-and-viral-hepatitis-fourth-report-of-the-lancet-standing-commission-on-liver-disease-in-the-uk
#6
REVIEW
Roger Williams, Graeme Alexander, Iain Armstrong, Alastair Baker, Neeraj Bhala, Ginny Camps-Walsh, Matthew E Cramp, Simon de Lusignan, Natalie Day, Anil Dhawan, John Dillon, Colin Drummond, Jessica Dyson, Graham Foster, Ian Gilmore, Mark Hudson, Deirdre Kelly, Andrew Langford, Neil McDougall, Petra Meier, Kieran Moriarty, Philip Newsome, John O'Grady, Rachel Pryke, Liz Rolfe, Peter Rice, Harry Rutter, Nick Sheron, Alison Taylor, Jeremy Thompson, Douglas Thorburn, Julia Verne, John Wass, Andrew Yeoman
This report contains new and follow-up metric data relating to the eight main recommendations of the Lancet Standing Commission on Liver Disease in the UK, which aim to reduce the unacceptable harmful consequences of excess alcohol consumption, obesity, and viral hepatitis. For alcohol, we provide data on alcohol dependence, damage to families, and the documented increase in alcohol consumption since removal of the above-inflation alcohol duty escalator. Alcoholic liver disease will shortly overtake ischaemic heart disease with regard to years of working life lost...
November 28, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197283/the-dose-makes-the-poison
#7
Liang Chen, John P Giesy, Ping Xie
Some microcystins (MCs) might cause hepatotoxicity in animals and humans. MC-LR is also a tumor promoter and a suspect carcinogen. In 2010, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified MC-LR as a possible human carcinogen (Group 2B). Recently, an article entitled "Long-term, low-dose exposure to microcystin toxin does not increase the risk of liver tumor development or growth in mice" was published in Hepatology Research by Meaghan Labine and Gerald Y. Minuk. However, the experimental design was flawed and the conclusion is misleading...
November 29, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189999/nafld-nash-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-related-treatment-options
#8
REVIEW
M G Radaelli, F Martucci, S Perra, S Accornero, G Castoldi, G Lattuada, G Manzoni, G Perseghin
Type 2 diabetes may reduce life expectancy and patients' quality of life due to its micro- and macro-vascular complications and to the higher risk of several types of cancer. An emerging important factor is represented by the hepatic involvement; it is recognized that excessive hepatic fat accumulation represents a typical feature of diabetic patients and that it also plays an important pathogenic role. It is now evident that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), generally perceived as a benign condition, may have on the contrary an important deleterious impact for diabetic patients increasing the risk to develop cardiovascular complications but also serious hepatic diseases, in particular non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186043/trend-in-h%C3%A2-s-biology-and-medicine-research-a-bibliometric-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Guangdong Yang, Lingyun Wu
The biological and medical importance of hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) has been recognized for decades. The aim of this bibliometric study is to analyze the quantity and quality of publications in H₂S biology and medicine (H₂SBM) based on the databases of Web of Science and Google Scholar. A total of 5881 publications published between 1990 and 2016 were analyzed. The number of H₂SBM papers published before 2004 was below 100 annually, but thereafter this number rapidly increased and peaked in 2015 with more than 7-fold increase...
November 29, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178261/an-anms-naspghan-consensus-document-on-esophageal-and-antroduodenal-manometry-in-children
#10
REVIEW
R Rosen, J M Garza, N Tipnis, S Nurko
BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal symptoms in children are common and motility disorders are considered in the differential diagnosis. High resolution esophageal manometry (HRM) has revolutionized the study of esophageal physiology, and the addition of impedance has provided new insights into esophageal function. Antroduodenal motility has provided insight into gastric and small bowel function. PURPOSE: This review highlights some of the recent advances in pediatric esophageal and antroduodenal motility testing including indications, preparation, performance, and interpretation of the tests...
November 27, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171745/retracted-resveratrol-inhibits-oesophageal-adenocarcinoma-cell-proliferation-via-amp-activated-protein-kinase-signaling
#11
(no author information available yet)
Retraction: Retracted:Resveratrol inhibits oesophageal adenocarcinoma cell proliferation via AMP-activated protein kinase signaling Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention (APJCP) has retracted the article titled “Resveratrol Inhibits Oesophageal Adenocarcinoma Cell Proliferation via AMP-activated Protein Kinase Signaling”(1) for reason of having duplicated contents brought to the attention of APJCP’s editorial office by the following email content: “Dear Editors of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Acta Pharmacologica Sinica, Asian Pac J Cancer Prev, Clinical and Experimental Hypertension, I write to you from the editorial office of PLOS ONE to inform you of concerns related to duplicated content in articles published by your journals...
November 24, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163974/major-advances-in-gastroenterology-and-hepatology-over-the-last-25-years-review-of-25th-ueg-week-anniversary-session
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156106/2017-hepatology-referees-volumes-65-and-66
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156105/hepatology-highlights
#14
Clara Tow, Robert S Brown, Zaid Husni Tafesh, Robert E Schwartz, Russell Rosenblatt, Shawn L Shah, Nicole T Shen, Aleksey Novikov, Shirley Cohen-Mekelburg, Nicholas Russo, Vikas Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155355/molecular-ellipticity-of-circulating-albumin-bilirubin-complex-associates-with-mortality-in-patients-with-severe-alcoholic-hepatitis
#15
Sukanta Das, Jaswinder Singh Maras, Rakhi Maiwall, S M Shasthry, Md Shabir Hussain, Shvetank Sharma, S Sukriti, T P Singh, Shiv Kumar Sarin
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hyperbilirubinemia and hypoalbuminemia are features of hepatic dysfunction that associate with disease severity. This is because hepatic insufficiency causes hypoalbuminemia, which indirectly increases the circulating levels of free bilirubin. Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy can be used to quantify the molecular ellipticity (ME) of the albumin-bilirubin complex, and might associate with the severity or outcome of severe alcoholic hepatitis (SAH). METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of 265 patients with SAH admitted in the Department of Hepatology, Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences in New Delhi, India from January 2014 through January 2016...
November 16, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153028/annals-express-development-of-a-simple-indocyanine-green-measurement-method-using-an-automated-biochemical-analyzer
#16
Yuka Sato, Masanori Seimiya, Toshihiko Yoshida, Yuji Sawabe, Eisaku Hokazono, Susumu Osawa, Kazuyuki Matsushita
Background The indocyanine green (ICG) retention rate is important for assessing the severity of liver disorders. In the conventional method, blood needs to be collected twice. In the present study, we developed an automated ICG method that does not require blood sampling before intravenous ICG injections and is applicable to an automated biochemical analyzer. Methods The sera of 471 patients collected before and after intravenous ICG injections and submitted to the clinical laboratory of our hospital were used as samples...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152039/hepatic-hydrothorax-an-update-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
Dmitry Victorovich Garbuzenko, Nikolay Olegovich Arefyev
This review considers the modern concepts of pathogenesis, diagnostic methods, and treatment principles of hepatic hydrothorax (HH). HH is the excessive (> 500 mL) accumulation of transudate in the pleural cavity in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis but without cardiopulmonary and pleural diseases. It causes respiratory failure which aggravates the clinical course of liver cirrhosis, and the emergence of spontaneous bacterial pleural empyema may be the cause of death. The information was collected from the PubMed database, the Google Scholar retrieval system, the Cochrane reviews, and the reference lists from relevant publications for 1994-2016 using the keywords: "liver cirrhosis", "portal hypertension", "hepatic hydrothorax", "pathogenesis", "diagnostics", and "treatment"...
November 8, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149921/gastrointestinal-and-hepatic-disease-in-fibromyalgia
#18
REVIEW
Richard A Schatz, Baharak Moshiree
Fibromyalgia (FM) has historically been associated with several diseases in gastroenterology and hepatology. The most substantiated evidence pertains to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The pathogeneses of FM and IBS remain unclear, but it is likely related to dysregulation within the brain-gut axis, resulting in a hyperalgesic state. IBS and FM share other similarities, including a female predominance, fatigue, insomnia, and susceptibility to psychiatric state. These common manifestations and pathogeneses serve as a foundation for overlapping, multidisciplinary treatment modalities...
February 2018: Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142479/medication-beliefs-predict-medication-adherence-in-ambulatory-patients-with-decompensated-cirrhosis
#19
Kelly L Hayward, Patricia C Valery, Jennifer H Martin, Antara Karmakar, Preya J Patel, Leigh U Horsfall, Caroline J Tallis, Katherine A Stuart, Penny L Wright, David D Smith, Katharine M Irvine, Elizabeth E Powell, W Neil Cottrell
AIM: To investigate the impact of medication beliefs, illness perceptions and quality of life on medication adherence in people with decompensated cirrhosis. METHODS: One hundred adults with decompensated cirrhosis completed a structured questionnaire when they attended for routine outpatient hepatology review. Measures of self-reported medication adherence (Morisky Medication Adherence Scale), beliefs surrounding medications (Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire), perceptions of illness and medicines (Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire), and quality of life (Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire) were examined...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137226/the-neglected-avian-hepatotropic-virus-induces-acute-and-chronic-hepatitis-in-ducks-an-alternative-model-for-hepatology
#20
Xumin Ou, Sai Mao, Jingyu Cao, Yunchao Ma, Guangpeng Ma, Anchun Cheng, Mingshu Wang, Dekang Zhu, Shun Chen, Renyong Jia, Mafeng Liu, Kunfeng Sun, Qiao Yang, Ying Wu, Xiaoyue Chen
Duck Hepatitis A Virus (DHAV) belongs to the Avihepatovirus, which is also classified into Picornaviridae with Hepatovirus, Hepatitis A Virus (HAV). In humans, the pathogenesis of HAV is not well understood because of limited work with animal models. Here, we investigated the progress of duck viral hepatitis caused by DHAV and their potential for dissecting the pathogenesis of HAV. During the course of infection, the duck model had undergone hepatocellular lesions (vacuolation, acidophilic degeneration and steatosis), lymphocytes recruitment (neutrophil granulocytes, heterophilic granulocytes and T cells or plasm cells) and repair (activation of hepatic stellate cells, fibrosis and regeneration)...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
keyword
keyword
236
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"