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Hepatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924467/indian-pediatric-postgraduate-s-perspective-on-future-career-intentions
#1
Latha M Sneha, Manipriya Ravindran, Rekha Kumar, Padmasani Venkatraman, Julius Scott, LakshmiNarayan Kannan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors that influence Pediatric residents to pursue a subspecialty career and establish their choice of future workplace. METHODS: The present questionnaire based study was conducted during a National level pediatric post graduate exam refresher course in Chennai, India and involved Pediatric residents from all parts of India. Datas was analysed with the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS, version 18.0). RESULTS: Seventy five respondents participated in the study...
December 7, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914885/blind-percutaneous-liver-biopsy-in-infants-and-children-comparison-of-safety-and-efficacy-of-percussion-technique-and-ultrasound-assisted-technique
#2
Engy A Mogahed, Yasmeen A Mansy, Yasmeen Al Hawi, Rokaya El-Sayed, Mona El-Raziky, Hanaa El-Karaksy
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Liver biopsy remains the most reliable method to diagnose various hepatic disorders in children. We aimed to assess the technical success and complication rate of ultrasound (US) assisted percutaneous liver biopsy versus transthoracic percussion guided technique in paediatrics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled study included all cases performing liver biopsy at Paediatric Hepatology Unit, Cairo University Paediatric Hospital over 12months...
November 30, 2016: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906797/non-cirrhotic-portal-fibrosis-in-pediatric-population
#3
Vikrant Sood, Bikrant Bihari Lal, Rajeev Khanna, Dinesh Rawat, Chhagan Bihari Sharma, Seema Alam
BACKGROUND: Non-cirrhotic portal fibrosis (NCPF) has been classically described as a disease of young to middle age with limited literature regarding its occurrence, onset or clinical presentation in children. We hereby present a series of 19 patients diagnosed and managed as NCPF in pediatric age group. METHODS: A retrospective review of all the patients presenting to the pediatric hepatology department (age < 18 years) and diagnosed as NCPF was done and data was evaluated...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905669/secondary-prophylaxis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-the-comparison-of-direct-acting-antivirals-with-pegylated-interferon-and-untreated-cohort
#4
R Vukotic, R Di Donato, F Conti, A Scuteri, C Serra, P Andreone
During the past two decades, several studies showed reduced rates of hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence in patients with HCV-related cirrhosis after interferon-based antiviral therapies respect to untreated controls, even without reaching viral clearance. The recent development of new all-oral regimens with direct-acting antivirals has radically improved the therapeutic management of hepatitis C. Nevertheless, paradoxical, or at least unexpected, high rates of both occurrence and recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma after a treatment with direct-acting antivirals, have been reported in the recent literature...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895416/practice-guidelines-for-the-pathological-diagnosis-of-primary-liver-cancer-2015-update
#5
REVIEW
Wen-Ming Cong, Hong Bu, Jie Chen, Hui Dong, Yu-Yao Zhu, Long-Hai Feng, Jun Chen, Guideline Committee
In 2010, a panel of Chinese pathologists reported the first expert consensus for the pathological diagnosis of primary liver cancers to address the many contradictions and inconsistencies in the pathological characteristics and diagnostic criteria for PLC. Since then considerable clinicopathological studies have been conducted globally, prompting us to update the practice guidelines for the pathological diagnosis of PLC. In April 18, 2014, a Guideline Committee consisting of 40 specialists from seven Chinese Societies (including Chinese Society of Liver Cancer, Chinese Anti-Cancer Association; Liver Cancer Study Group, Chinese Society of Hepatology, Chinese Medical Association; Chinese Society of Pathology, Chinese Anti-Cancer Association; Digestive Disease Group, Chinese Society of Pathology, Chinese Medical Association; Chinese Society of Surgery, Chinese Medical Association; Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology, Chinese Anti-Cancer Association; Pathological Group of Hepatobiliary Tumor and Liver Transplantation, Chinese Society of Pathology, Chinese Medical Association) was created for the formulation of the first guidelines for the standardization of the pathological diagnosis of PLC, mainly focusing on the following topics: gross specimen sampling, concepts and diagnostic criteria of small hepatocellular carcinoma (SHCC), microvascular invasion (MVI), satellite nodules, and immunohistochemical and molecular diagnosis...
November 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889947/pathological-findings-of-nash-and-nafld
#6
Kathryn Effendi, Kenichi Harada, Etsuko Hashimoto, Masayoshi Kage, Kazuhiko Koike, Fukuo Kondo, Masayuki Nakano, Hidenori Ojima, Takeshi Okanoue, Michiie Sakamoto, Yoshio Sumida, Hanako Tsujikawa, Gotaro Yamada, Yoh Zen
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an increasingly common chronic liver disease worldwide. NAFLD comprises a variety of clinical and histopathological changes that can be broadly divided into nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL, simple steatosis) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The differential diagnosis between NAFL and NASH is important because NASH is a more advanced form. This diagnosis therefore determines the prognosis and therapeutic management. At present the interpretation of NASH is made based on the histopathological features of steatohepatitis, i...
November 27, 2016: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888815/acute-diarrhoea-induced-by-rotavirus-in-children-hospitalysed-in-provincial-hospital-for-infectious-diseases-in-bydgoszcz-in-2014-year
#7
Beata Smok, Katarzyna Zieniewicz-Cieślik, Ewa Smukalska, Małgorzata Pawłowska
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to describe the epidemiology and course of rotavirus infection in children hospitalized at the T. Browicz Provincial Hospital for Infectious Diseases in Bydgoszcz, Poland in 2014 year. INTRODUCTION: Rotavirus infection is responsible for over 2 millions hospitalizations per year among children under 5 year old. Rotavirus gastroenterocolitis is one of the most common cause of severe dehydration, electrolyte disturbances and metabolic acidosis, leading to 400-600 thousand deaths per year in children younger than 5 years of age worldwide...
2016: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878780/a-pilot-study-using-lactulose-in-management-of-minimal-hepatic-encephalopathy-in-children-with-extrahepatic-portal-vein-obstruction
#8
Hanaa Mostafa El-Karaksy, Omneya Afifi, Azza Bakry, Ann Abdel Kader, Noha Saber
BACKGROUND: Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is not associated with overt neuropsychiatric symptoms but rather with subtle changes in psychometric and/or neurophysiologic tests. We aimed to diagnose MHE in children with extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) and to evaluate the effect of lactulose on MHE. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out on 30 patients with EHPVO (21 males; mean age 10±2.5 years). The study was carried out in the Pediatric Hepatology Unit, Cairo University Pediatric Hospital, Cairo, Egypt, between 2011 and 2013...
November 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870642/hepatocellular-carcinoma-surveillance-among-patients-with-cirrhosis-in-a-population-based-integrated-health-care-delivery-system
#9
Amit G Singal, Jasmin Tiro, Xilong Li, Beverley Adams-Huet, Jessica Chubak
PURPOSE: Fewer than 1 in 5 patients with cirrhosis receive hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surveillance; however, most studies were performed in select patient populations, which may not be informative of practice patterns in population-based community practices. Further, few reported guideline-concordant consistent surveillance rates. GOALS: Characterize guideline-concordant HCC surveillance rates and patient-level factors associated with surveillance among a population-based cohort of patients with cirrhosis...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869776/complementary-feeding-strategies-to-facilitate-acceptance-of-fruits-and-vegetables-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#10
Sophie Nicklaus
Complementary feeding (CF), which should begin after exclusive breastfeeding for six months, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), or after four months and before six months according to the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN), is a period when the infant implicitly learns what, when, how, and how much to eat. At the onset of CF, the brain and the gut are still developing and maturing, and food experiences contribute to shaping brain connections involved in food hedonics and in the control of food intake...
November 19, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867693/gastroenterology-hepatology-and-movies-a-holistic-insight
#11
Guilherme Macedo, Marco Silva
The Project "Movies and Health in Night talks" took place in Braga and Porto, northern Portugal, in the last 3 years. This Project demonstrated how medical knowledge may surround and integrate a cosmopolitan and holistic approach, so that we as doctors and the general public, are able to become much closer and much more prone to understand the vital cycles of our society.
November 6, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861252/epidemiology-of-hepatitis-b-in-portugal
#12
Mário J Silva, João Valente, Tiago Capela, Pedro Russo, Filipe Calinas
The epidemiology of hepatitis B in Portugal is insufficiently characterized. We aimed to review the epidemiology of hepatitis B in Portugal since 1980. A literature review was performed in MEDLINE, Scielo, Web of Science, and the Portuguese Scientific Repository for studies containing 'Hepatitis B' and 'Portugal' published from 1980 to June 2016. The initial search was complemented by abstract books from national gastroenterology and hepatology meetings and reports from the Service for Intervention on Addictive Behaviours and Dependences, the Portuguese Blood Institute, and Directorate-General of Health...
November 16, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860475/-new-diagnostic-imaging-technique-shear-wave-elastography
#13
M Zemanová
Shear wave elastography (SWE) is a new non-invasive diagnostic imaging technique, that maps the elastic properties of tissues. Nowadays this modality develops increasingly in medicine across its disciplines and opens a new era of high-quality ultrasound examination because it increases the specificity and thus improves diagnostic assurance. This method is similar to manual palpation, shows elastic properties of biological tissues and provides a kind of reconstruction of the internal structure of soft tissues based on measurement of the response of tissue compression...
2016: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859505/2016-hepatology-referees-volumes-63-and-64
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859504/hepatology-highlights
#15
Jean-François Dufour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848888/immunotherapy-in-liver-diseases-a-balance-between-immunity-and-tolerance
#16
Alaknanda Mishra, Pramod K Upadhyay, Perumal Nagarajan
In today's context when liver diseases have spread across countries and people of all ages, it is of high importance to consider novel methods of non-toxic and long lived therapeutics. Among various therapies, immunotherapy for acute and chronic liver diseases is rapidly moving to the forefront among treatment options in hepatology medicine. Liver has a unique immuno- biological advantage which is utilized to maintain a balance between immunity and tolerance. This intricate balance of hepatic immune cells can be modulated to effect treatments in various liver diseases...
November 16, 2016: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829652/pediatric-gastroenterology-in-cuba-evolution-and-challenges
#17
Carlos Castañeda-Guillot
INTRODUCTION The professional practice of pediatric gastroenterology arose in Cuba as an expression of the specialty's development internationally and Cuba's new strategies in public health, and in response to national needs for health care expertise in digestive diseases of infants, older children and adolescents. OBJECTIVES Describe the history of pediatric gastroenterology's development in Cuba since its inception at the National Gastroenterology Institute in the early 1970s, its contributions, and efforts to extend it to pediatric hospitals throughout Cuba...
October 2016: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805073/comparing-anti-hepatitis-b-antibody-level-in-iranian-obese-or-overweight-with-non-obese-cases
#18
Ali Kabir, Abdolreza Pazouki, Motahareh Jafari, Somayye Mokhber, Mohammad Vaziri, Seyed Moayed Alavian
BACKGROUND: There is a controversy about the relation between anti-hepatitis B (anti-HBs) antibody level and obesity. We designed this study to compare the vaccine efficacy in obese/overweight and non-obese cases. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 242 obese/overweight and 85 non-obese individuals were participated. Cases were selected from a referral clinic for obesity and a referral hepatology clinic, both in Tehran, Iran. RESULTS: Obese cases had lower percentage of liver diseases (66...
November 2, 2016: Iranian Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799448/use-of-telehealth-to-treat-and-manage-chronic-viral-hepatitis-in-regional-queensland
#19
Kandice Keogh, Paul Clark, Patricia C Valery, Steven M McPhail, Candise Bradshaw, Melany Day, Anthony C Smith
For regional and rural Queenslanders, chronic viral hepatitis treatment is a major unmet health need, with restricted access to specialists outside of tertiary, largely metropolitan hospitals. To increase treatment of chronic viral hepatitis in regional Queensland, a team-based telehealth model was expanded. This expansion embedded an initial nursing consultation prior to specialist telehealth consultation. We conducted a retrospective audit of the introduction and expansion of hepatology telehealth services...
December 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792252/questionnaire-based-survey-in-a-developing-country-showing-non-compliance-with-paediatric-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-practice-guidelines
#20
Hayat Manasfi, Rima Hanna-Wakim, Imad Akel, Nadine Yazbeck
AIM: This 2015 study investigated whether Lebanese paediatricians diagnosed and managed gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in infants and children in accordance with the 2009 guidelines from the North American and European Societies for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. METHODS: Paediatricians members of the Lebanese Order of Physicians with updated email addresses were invited to complete a web-based survey between September and November 2015, to assess their knowledge and management of GERD...
October 28, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
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