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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017706/improving-uptake-of-colorectal-cancer-screening
#1
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Gastroenterology Hepatology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983682/biliary-atresia-unity-in-diversity
#2
REVIEW
Claus Petersen
Biliary atresia (BA) is a rare disease of unknown origin and unsatisfying outcome. Single, multicenter and national evaluations of epidemiological and outcome data on BA have been periodically published over the course of decades. However, the diversity of the registered parameters and outcome measures impede comparability and cumulative analysis of these very worthwhile studies. Taking into account the fact that BA is a good example of translational research and transition of patients from pediatric surgery and hepatology to transplant surgery and hepatology in general, the interdisciplinary community should make every effort to develop a common platform upon which further activities are conducted...
October 5, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977116/variceal-bleeding-update-of-recommendations-from-the-brazilian-association-of-hepatology
#3
Paulo Lisboa Bittencourt, Edna Strauss, Alberto Queiroz Farias, Angelo Alves de Mattos, Edmundo Pessoa Lopes
Since the publication of the Brazilian Association of Hepatology recommendations for the prevention and treatment of variceal bleeding in 2010, new evidence-based data were reported in the literature. This has changed our current management for portal hypertension. This review updates the previous recommendations. It takes the new prognostic staging of cirrhosis into account allowing tailored treatment for advanced fibrosis, compensated or decompensated cirrhosis. An organizing panel of five experts reviewed all recommendations according to available data, which were subsequently scrutinized by all members of the Brazilian Association of Hepatology using a web-based approach...
October 2, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977113/primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
Eleonora Druve Tavares Fagundes, Alexandre Rodrigues Ferreira, Caroline Caldeira Hosken, Thaís Costa Nascentes Queiroz
BACKGROUND: Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a rare disease, but its prevalence has been underestimated in children and adolescents due to broad variation in clinical presentation as well as diagnostic challenges in this life period. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate children and adolescents with primary sclerosing cholangitis and to describe their clinical, laboratorial, histopathological, and cholangiography conditions. METHODS: This is an observational descriptive research that took place from 2005 to 2016 and included all the patients seen in the Outpatient Unit for Pediatric Hepatology of Hospital das Clinicas of UFMG who had been diagnosed with primary sclerosing cholangitis before the age of 18...
October 2, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968008/-profile-of-gastrointestinal-diseases-in-a-pediatric-gastroenterology-center-in-colombia-15-years-of-follow-up
#5
Wilson Daza, Silvana Dadan, Michelle Higuera
INTRODUCTION: The profile of gastrointestinal diseases is constantly changing globally and locally affecting suspected diagnosis and medical methods. OBJECTIVE: To establish the main diagnoses in a gastroenterology, hepatology, and pediatric nutrition unit in Bogota between 2009 and 2013, and to compare with findings from the same unit during the two prior five-year periods (1997 to 2006). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective descriptive study...
September 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957985/evidence-supporting-serology-based-pathway-for-diagnosing-coeliac-disease-in-asymptomatic-children-from-high-risk-groups
#6
Siba Prosad Paul, Bhupinder Kaur Sandhu, Christine Helen Spray, Dharamveer Basude, Pramila Ramani
OBJECTIVE: The European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) guidelines for diagnosing coeliac disease (CD) in children were modified in 2012. They recommend that in symptomatic children with anti-tissue transglutaminase antibody (anti-tTG) titre of greater than 10-times upper limit of normal (>10xULN) and who have positive anti-endomysial antibody and HLA-DQ2/DQ8 haplotype, the diagnosis of CD can be based on serology. Aim of this study is to establish whether serology-based pathway of the ESPGHAN guidelines could also be reliably applied to asymptomatic children from high-risk groups...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950706/efficacy-of-a-point-of-care-test-based-on-deamidated-gliadin-peptides-for-the-detection-of-celiac-disease-in-pediatric-patients
#7
Isabel Polanco, Thabata Koester Weber, Eva Martínez-Ojinaga, Manuel Molina, Jesús Sarria
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of a point-of-care test (POCT) based on deamidated gliadin peptides (DGP) compared to the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) criteria diagnosis in the early detection of celiac disease (CD) in pediatric patients. METHODS: One hundred children (≤ 18 years) with suspected CD were selected, including siblings of celiac children that underwent gastroscopy for other gastrointestinal conditions...
September 27, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932925/hepatic-complications-of-anorexia-nervosa
#8
REVIEW
Elissa Rosen, Neeru Bakshi, Ashlie Watters, Hugo R Rosen, Philip S Mehler
Anorexia nervosa (AN) has the highest mortality rate of all psychiatric illnesses due to the widespread organ dysfunction caused by the underlying severe malnutrition. Starvation causes hepatocyte injury and death leading to a rise in aminotransferases. Malnutrition-induced hepatitis is common among individuals with AN especially as body mass index decreases. Acute liver failure associated with coagulopathy and encephalopathy can rarely occur. Liver enzymes may also less commonly increase as part of the refeeding process due to hepatic steatosis and can be distinguished from starvation hepatitis by the finding of a fatty liver on ultrasonography...
September 20, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927776/-gluten-is-the-information-available-on-the-internet-valid
#9
T Banti, L Fievet, A Fabre
BACKGROUND: Internet provides easy access to health information, but the quality and validity of this information vary. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the quality of website structures and the information provided on celiac disease (CD), gluten sensitivity (GS), and wheat allergy (WA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The websites addressing CD, GS, and WA appearing on the first two pages of Google, Yahoo, and Bing from seven selected queries were investigated...
September 15, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927657/endoscopic-training-a-nationwide-survey-of-french-fellows-in-gastroenterology
#10
Aurélien Amiot, Guillaume Conroy, Yann Le Baleur, Jérôme Winkler, Maxime Palazzo, Xavier Treton
BACKGROUND: During their 4 years of training, French fellows in gastroenterology should acquire theoretical and practical competency in gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy. AIMS: To evaluate the delivery of endoscopy training to French GI fellows and perception of learning. METHODS: A nationwide electronic survey was carried out of French GI fellows using an anonymous, 17-item electronic questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 291 out of 484 (60%) GI fellows responded to the survey...
September 15, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926686/hepatology-highlights
#11
Nicholas Russo, Robert S Brown, Robert E Schwartz, Russell Rosenblatt, Shirley Cohen-Mekelburg, Monica Saumoy, Clara Tow, Yecheskel Schneider, Vikas Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925499/weekend-admission-and-mortality-for-gastrointestinal-disorders-across-england-and-wales
#12
S E Roberts, T H Brown, K Thorne, R A Lyons, A Akbari, D J Napier, J L Brown, J G Williams
BACKGROUND: Little has been reported on mortality following admissions at weekends for many gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. The aim was to establish whether GI disorders are susceptible to increased mortality following unscheduled admission on weekends compared with weekdays. METHODS: Record linkage was undertaken of national administrative inpatient and mortality data for people in England and Wales who were hospitalized as an emergency for one of 19 major GI disorders...
September 19, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922445/position-paper-on-treatment-of-hepatitis-c-in-romania-2017-part-two
#13
Liana Gheorghe, Ioan Sporea, Speranta Iacob, Roxana Sirli, Anca Trifan, Mircea Diculescu, Carol Stanciu, Oliviu Pascu, Monica Acalovschi, Ciprian Brisc, Cristina Cijevschi, Cristian Gheorghe, Zeno Spârchez, Ion Rogoveanu, Daniela Dobru, Dan L Dumitrascu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a common condition with endemic prevalence in some areas of the world. In Romania, the mean prevalence is about 3%. New treatments have become available on the market in recent years and new drugs are in the pipeline. A re-evaluation of HCV therapy was considered mandatory. The Romanian Society of Gastroenterology and Hepatology undertook this task for the practitioners of this country. METHODOLOGY: A group of recognized experts was created who screened the available literature and the major available guidelines...
September 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922262/sugar-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-a-position-paper-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-committee-on-nutrition
#14
Nataša Fidler Mis, Christian Braegger, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas D Embleton, Iva Hojsak, Jessie Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Walter Mihatsch, Christian Molgaard, Rakesh Vora, Mary Fewtrell
The consumption of sugars, particularly sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; beverages or drinks that contain added caloric sweeteners (i.e. sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, fruit-juice concentrates), in European children and adolescents exceeds current recommendations. This is of concern because there is no nutritional requirement for free sugars, and infants have an innate preference for sweet taste, which may be modified and reinforced by pre- and postnatal exposures. Sugar containing beverages/free sugars increase the risk for overweight/obesity and dental caries, can result in poor nutrient supply and reduced dietary diversity and may be associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular risk, and other health effects...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921625/solving-doubts-about-l-ornithine-l-aspartate-for-overt-he-whom-and-how-to-treat
#15
EDITORIAL
Piero Amodio, Javier Ampuero
Randomized controlled trials about the treatment of bouts of overt hepatic encephalopathy (OHE) are difficult to design and interpret, since bouts of OHE i) are relatively short episodes in which the dynamic of the response to treatment is relevant, ii) their occurrence and treatment is frequently linked to precipitating events. The study by Sidhu et al. in this issue of Hepatology is a model of proper design and provides evidence that L-ornithine-L-aspartate infusion for 5 days is an effective add on treatment to speed up recovery from bouts of OHE in comparison with a placebo treatment that does not contain amino acid nutrients...
September 16, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913613/risk-factor-analysis-between-newly-screened-and-established-hepatitis-c-in-gi-and-hepatology-clinics
#16
Newaz Hossain, Bharat Puchakayala, Pushpjeet Kanwar, Siddharth Verma, George Abraham, Zhanna Ivanov, Muhammad Obaid Niaz, Smruti R Mohanty
BACKGROUND: Several studies show inconsistencies in the rate of hepatitis C virus (HCV) detection among baby boomers (born 1945-1965). We conducted a cross-sectional HCV screening followed by a case-controlled comparison of the newly screened population with established HCV subjects. METHOD: Enrollment was offered to subjects aged 40-75 at our gastroenterology and hepatology clinics. Demographic data and potential risk factors were obtained, and HCV antibody test was offered to those who had never been screened and compared with a group with established HCV...
September 14, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913374/comparison-of-the-nutritional-values-of-infant-formulas-available-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Abdulhadi Hesn Almazrooy, Abdulrahman Mohammad Alturki, Afaf Mubarak Aljohani, Abeer Alraddadi, Abdulrahman Muslim Allogmani
Introduction. Optimum growth and development are best achieved by breastfeeding, which is the safest source for infant feeding. Mothers in Saudi Arabia start to breastfeed their infants but soon introduce formula brands. Objective. To assess the safety and nutritional adequacy of the oldest formula brands available in the Saudi market. Methods. An observational study has compared between 5 types of infant formula brands; they were chosen based on their international popularity. Also, they are considered as the oldest formula brands available in the Saudi market...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911951/anniversary-tribute-from-the-editors-of-clinical-gastroenterology-and-hepatology
#18
Michael Camilleri, C Mel Wilcox, Hashem B El-Serag, Fasiha Kanwal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895543/alcohol-are-we-enjoying-responsibly
#19
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Gastroenterology Hepatology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880735/2017-midwest-zebrafish-meeting-report
#20
Elizabeth Sandquist, Sarah C Petersen, Cody J Smith
The 2017 Midwest Zebrafish meeting was held from June 16 to 18 at the University of Cincinnati, sponsored by the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Divisions of Developmental Biology, Molecular Cardiovascular Biology, and Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition. The meeting, organized by Saulius Sumanas, Joshua Waxman, and Chunyue Yin, hosted >130 attendees from 16 different states. Scientific sessions were focused on morphogenesis, neural development, novel technologies, and disease models, with Steve Ekker, Stephen Potter, and Lila Solnica-Krezel presenting keynote talks...
September 7, 2017: Zebrafish
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