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Alexithymia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931909/the-big-five-personality-dimensions-and-mental-health-the-mediating-role-of-alexithymia
#1
Mohammad Atari, Mahsa Yaghoubirad
The role of personality constructs on mental health has attracted research attention in the last few decades. The Big Five personality traits have been introduced as parsimonious dimensions of non-pathological traits. The five-factor model of personality includes neuroticism, agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion, and openness to experience. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between the Big Five dimensions and mental health considering the mediating role of alexithymia as an important emotional-processing construct...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925645/taking-time-to-feel-our-body-steady-increases-in-heartbeat-perception-accuracy-and-decreases-in-alexithymia-over-9-months-of-contemplative-mental-training
#2
Boris Bornemann, Tania Singer
The ability to accurately perceive signals from the body has been shown to be important for physical and psychological health as well as understanding one's emotions. Despite the importance of this skill, often indexed by heartbeat perception accuracy (HBPa), little is known about its malleability. Here, we investigated whether contemplative mental practice can increase HBPa. In the context of a 9-month mental training study, the ReSource Project, two matched cohorts (n = 77 and n = 79) underwent three training modules of 3 months' duration that targeted attentional and interoceptive abilities (Presence module), socio-affective (Affect module), and socio-cognitive (Perspective module) abilities...
December 7, 2016: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917803/relationship-between-internet-addiction-and-alexithymia-among-university-students
#3
Seher Baysan-Arslan, Sevsen Cebeci, Mehmet Kaya, Metin Canbal
PURPOSE: Epidemiological studies concerning internet addiction found that 50% of internet addicts also have other kinds of psychiatric disorders. This study aims to examine the relationship between alexithymia and internet addiction levels among Turgut Özal University students in Ankara, Turkey. METHOD: University students (1,107 students; 452 students from 12 associate degree programs and 655 students from 10 undergraduate programs) participated in the study. The researchers used the personal information form, the Toronto Alexithymia Scale and the Internet Addiction Scale...
December 1, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898375/the-mediating-effects-of-cognitive-emotion-regulation-strategies-on-the-relationship-between-alexithymia-and-physical-symptoms-evidence-from-iranian-asthmatic-patients
#4
Fatemeh Ghorbani, Vahid Khosravani, Razieh Jamaati Ardakani, Amin Alvani, Hedayat Akbari
Asthma is a chronic and episodic psychosomatic disease whose symptoms include coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of cognitive emotion regulation strategies (CERS) as mediators on the relationships between alexithymia subscales and physical symptoms (PS). 300 asthmatic patients (males=42.7%, females=57.3%, age range=16-65, mean age=29.40) and 100 normal controls participated in the study and completed the demographic questionnaire, the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ), the Persian version of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (FTAS-20), and the Powell & Enright Physical Symptoms Inventory (PSI)...
November 12, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895883/alexithymia-but-not-autism-spectrum-disorder-may-be-related-to-the-production-of-emotional-facial-expressions
#5
Dominic A Trevisan, Marleis Bowering, Elina Birmingham
BACKGROUND: A prominent diagnostic criterion of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) relates to the abnormal or diminished use of facial expressions. Yet little is known about the mechanisms that contribute to this feature of ASD. METHODS: We showed children with and without ASD emotionally charged video clips in order to parse out individual differences in spontaneous production of facial expressions using automated facial expression analysis software. RESULTS: Using hierarchical multiple regression, we sought to determine whether alexithymia (characterized by difficulties interpreting one's own feeling states) contributes to diminished facial expression production...
2016: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886387/coping-strategies-alexithymia-and-anxiety-in-young-patients-with-food-allergy
#6
Laura Polloni, Audrey DunnGalvin, Emilia Ferruzza, Roberta Bonaguro, Francesca Lazzarotto, Alice Toniolo, Nicolò Celegato, Antonella Muraro
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is major public health concern affecting nearly 15 million Americans and 80 million Europeans. Risk of anaphylaxis and implications for social activities affect patients' quality of life and psychological wellbeing. We previously found that young patients reported higher levels of alexithymia (difficulty in recognizing and expressing emotions) compared to healthy peers, and may influence affect, management style and clinical outcomes. This study aimed to explore links between coping strategies, alexithymia and anxiety among food-allergic adolescents and young adults...
November 25, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884006/current-psychosomatic-practice
#7
Giovanni A Fava, Fiammetta Cosci, Nicoletta Sonino
Psychosomatic research has advanced over the past decades in dealing with complex biopsychosocial phenomena and may provide new effective modalities of patient care. Among psychosocial variables affecting individual vulnerability, course, and outcome of any medical disease, the role of chronic stress (allostatic load/overload) has emerged as a crucial factor. Assessment strategies include the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research. They are presented here in an updated version based on insights derived from studies carried out so far and encompass allostatic overload, type A behavior, alexithymia, the spectrum of maladaptive illness behavior, demoralization, irritable mood, and somatic symptoms secondary to a psychiatric disorder...
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884003/alexithymia-as-a-moderator-of-treatment-outcomes-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-brief-psychodynamic-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-patients-with-multisomatoform-disorder
#8
Thomas Probst, Heribert Sattel, Peter Henningsen, Harald Gündel, Claas Lahmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883207/interpersonal-psychological-theory-alexithymia-and-personality-predict-suicide-ideation-among-maladjusted-soldiers-in-taiwan
#9
Kai-Cheng Huang, Dong-Sheng Tzeng, Chi-Hung Lin, Wei-Ching Chung
This case-control study enrolled 226 maladjusted soldiers and 229 controls to investigate the impact of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide, alexithymia, personality, and childhood trauma on suicide risk among Taiwanese soldiers. Assessments included the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Eysenck Personality Inventory, Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, and Brief Symptom Rating Scale. In addition to thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness, other risks included less extraversion with higher neuroticism, higher alexithymia, poor academic performance, domestic violence, and life-threatening events...
November 24, 2016: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882489/psychological-distress-mediates-the-effect-of-alexithymia-on-2-year-change-in-hiv-viral-load
#10
Roger C McIntosh, Gail Ironson, Michael Antoni, Betty Lai, Mahendra Kumar, Mary Ann Fletcher, Neil Schneiderman
PURPOSE: Individuals with trait alexithymia (AL) display poor cognitive assimilation of thoughts, feelings, and emotions. This may result in the persistence of stress, anxiety, and depressive disorders. The cumulative effect of this psychological distress is also linked clinical markers of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease progression. This study examines the indirect effect of AL on HIV viral load as a function of baseline levels and change in psychological distress. METHODS: N = 123 HIV positive adults aged 37...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866269/effects-of-alexithymia-and-empathy-on-the-neural-processing-of-social-and-monetary-rewards
#11
Katharina Sophia Goerlich, Mikhail Votinov, Sarah E Lammertz, Lina Winkler, Katja N Spreckelmeyer, Ute Habel, Gerhard Gründer, Anna Gossen
Empathy has been found to affect the neural processing of social and monetary rewards. Alexithymia, a subclinical condition showing a close inverse relationship with empathy is linked to dysfunctions of socio-emotional processing in the brain. Whether alexithymia alters the neural processing of rewards, which is currently unknown. Here, we investigated the influence of both alexithymia and empathy on reward processing using a social incentive delay (SID) task and a monetary incentive delay (MID) task in 45 healthy men undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging...
November 19, 2016: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853532/alexithymia-a-general-deficit-of-interoception
#12
Rebecca Brewer, Richard Cook, Geoffrey Bird
Alexithymia is a sub-clinical construct, traditionally characterized by difficulties identifying and describing one's own emotions. Despite the clear need for interoception (interpreting physical signals from the body) when identifying one's own emotions, little research has focused on the selectivity of this impairment. While it was originally assumed that the interoceptive deficit in alexithymia is specific to emotion, recent evidence suggests that alexithymia may also be associated with difficulties perceiving some non-affective interoceptive signals, such as one's heart rate...
October 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852888/the-influence-of-preoperative-psychological-factors-on-weight-loss-after-bariatric-surgery-a-preliminary-report
#13
Carlo Lai, Paola Aceto, Ilaria Petrucci, Gianluca Castelnuovo, Cosimo Callari, Piero Giustacchini, Liliana Sollazzi, Geltrude Mingrone, Rocco Bellantone, Marco Raffaelli
Aim of this study was to investigate relationship between preoperative psychological factors and % total weight loss after gastric bypass. 76 adult patients scheduled for bariatric surgery were preoperatively asked to complete anxiety and depression Hamilton scales and Toronto Alexithymia Scale. At 3- and 6-month follow-up, body weight was assessed. At 6-month follow-up, alexithymic patients showed a poorer % total weight loss compared with non-alexithymic patients (p = .017), and moderately depressed patients showed a lower % total weight loss compared with non-depressed patients (p = ...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846784/emotional-management-and-biological-markers-of-dietetic-regimen-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#14
Carlo Lai, Paola Aceto, Massimiliano Luciani, Erika Fazzari, Valerio Cesari, Stella Luciano, Antonio Fortini, Desiderata Berloco, Francesco Canulla, Vincenzo Bruzzese, Silvia Lai
The aim of the study was to investigate the association between psychological characteristics and biological markers of adherence in chronic kidney disease patients receiving conservative therapy, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis (PD), or kidney transplantation. Seventy-nine adult patients were asked to complete the following questionnaires: Toronto Alexithymia scale, Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale, and Short Form Health Survey. Biological markers of adherence to treatment were measured. Peritoneal dialysis patients showed a lower capacity to feel pleasure from sensorial experience (p = ...
November 15, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845326/default-mode-network-alterations-in-alexithymia-an-eeg-power-spectra-and-connectivity-study
#15
Claudio Imperatori, Giacomo Della Marca, Riccardo Brunetti, Giuseppe Alessio Carbone, Chiara Massullo, Enrico Maria Valenti, Noemi Amoroso, Giulia Maestoso, Anna Contardi, Benedetto Farina
Recent neuroimaging studies have shown that alexithymia is characterized by functional alterations in different brain areas [e.g., posterior cingulate cortex (PCC)], during emotional/social tasks. However, only few data are available about alexithymic cortical networking features during resting state (RS). We have investigated the modifications of electroencephalographic (EEG) power spectra and EEG functional connectivity in the default mode network (DMN) in subjects with alexithymia. Eighteen subjects with alexithymia and eighteen subjects without alexithymia matched for age and gender were enrolled...
November 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831693/identification-of-mental-states-and-interpersonal-functioning-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#16
Kathy R Berenson, Cara Dochat, Christiana G Martin, Xiao Yang, Eshkol Rafaeli, Geraldine Downey
Atypical identification of mental states in the self and others has been proposed to underlie interpersonal difficulties in borderline personality disorder (BPD), yet no previous empirical research has directly examined associations between these constructs. We examine 3 mental state identification measures and their associations with experience-sampling measures of interpersonal functioning in participants with BPD relative to a healthy comparison (HC) group. We also included a clinical comparison group diagnosed with avoidant personality disorder (APD) to test the specificity of this constellation of difficulties to BPD...
November 10, 2016: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821358/suicidality-in-patients-with-somatoform-disorder-the-speechless-expression-of-anger
#17
Nora Kämpfer, Sabine Staufenbiel, Ingo Wegener, Stefanie Rambau, Anne Sarah Urbach, Martin Mücke, Franziska Geiser, Rupert Conrad
OBJECTIVE: To identify emotion-associated risk factors for suicidality in patients with somatoform disorders. METHODS: A sample of 155 consecutive patients diagnosed with somatoform disorders at the Psychosomatic Ambulance of Bonn University Hospital filled in several questionnaires including the Symptom Checklist 90-Revised Version (SCL-90-R), the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), and the State Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI). Our aim was to compare patients with suicide attempts to patients without suicide attempts via a MANCOVA (IV: Group; DV: SCL-90-R, TAS-20, STAXI; covariates: sex, age, depression, borderline personality disorder)...
October 17, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811193/the-psychophysiological-mechanisms-of-alexithymia-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Sebastian B Gaigg, Anna Sf Cornell, Geoffrey Bird
Accumulating evidence indicates that co-occurring alexithymia underlies several facets of the social-emotional difficulties common in individuals with autism spectrum disorder. The mechanisms involved, however, remain poorly understood because measuring alexithymia relies heavily on self-report. To address this issue, carefully matched groups of individuals with autism spectrum disorder and comparison participants rated 70 emotion-inducing pictures on subjectively experienced arousal while skin conductance responses were monitored objectively...
November 2, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801544/short-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-with-mentalization-based-techniques-in-major-depressive-disorder-patients-relationship-among-alexithymia-reflective-functioning-and-outcome-variables-a-pilot-study
#19
Cinzia Bressi, Silvia Fronza, Eleonora Minacapelli, Emanuela Paola Nocito, Elisabetta Dipasquale, Lorenzo Magri, Francesca Lionetti, Lavinia Barone
OBJECTIVES: In depressed patients, recent advances have highlighted impairment in mentalizing: identifying and interpreting one's own or other's mental states. Short-Term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (STPP) has proven to be effective in reducing symptoms and improving relational/functional abilities in these subjects. Therefore, the first aim of our study was to evaluate effectiveness of STPP with Mentalization-Based Techniques (STMBP) on their clinical outcomes and the second, to investigate Reflective Functioning and alexithymia concerning treatment outcomes in depressed subjects...
November 1, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792883/the-relationship-between-sensory-processing-patterns-alexithymia-traumatic-childhood-experiences-and-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-unipolar-and-bipolar-disorders
#20
Gianluca Serafini, Xenia Gonda, Maurizio Pompili, Zoltan Rihmer, Mario Amore, Batya Engel-Yeger
Several studies documented the involvement of sensory perception in emotional processes. The long-term consequences of traumatic experiences and alexithymia have been demonstrated as well. However, the role of extreme sensory processing patterns, traumatic childhood experiences, and alexithymia has not been thoroughly examined in major affective disorders. The present study aimed to: (1) compare unipolar/bipolar patients with regard to their sensory processing patterns, alexithymia, childhood traumatic experiences and quality of life; (2) examine the correlations between sensory processing patterns and childhood traumatic experiences; (3) investigate the relative contribution of diagnostic groups (unipolar/bipolar), sensory processing patterns, alexithymia, and childhood traumatic experiences in predicting quality of life...
December 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
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