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Alexithymia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514404/-emotional-impairments-and-their-correction-in-patients-with-migraine
#1
L S Chutko, S Yu Surushkina, E A Yakovenko, T I Anisimova, A V Sergeev
AIM: To study emotional impairments in patients with migraine and to evaluate the efficiency of Noophen therapy for this pathology. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 63 patients aged 18 to 45 years with migraine without aura were examined. 56 patients used prophylactic antimigraine therapy: Group 1 (n = 26) received metoprolol and Group 2 took metoprolol in combination with Noophen. RESULTS: The patients with migraine had a significantly higher level of alexithymia than the controls...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513509/relationship-between-alexithymia-and-chronic-periodontitis
#2
U Sezer, K Üstün, S Z Şenyurt, K Altınbaş, K Erciyas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential relationship between alexithymia and chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study of 222 male and female subjects aged 21-63 years was conducted. The participants were divided into a chronic periodontitis group (n = 114) and a control group (n = 108) with no history of periodontitis. The Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) was used to evaluate alexithymia status of the subjects...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509577/alexithymia-suicidal-ideation-and-health-risk-behaviours-a-survey-of-canadian-men
#3
David Kealy, John S Ogrodniczuk, Simon M Rice, John L Oliffe
OBJECTIVE: Restricted emotional abilities may present significant implications for men's health. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between alexithymia and several health-risk behaviours: substance misuse, aggressive and risky behaviours and suicidal ideation. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 1000 Canadian men responded to a survey containing measures of alexithymia, maladaptive coping behaviours, suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507767/post-traumatic-stress-in-pregnant-women-with-primary-cytomegalovirus-infection-and-risk-of-congenital-infection-in-newborns
#4
Francesco Vadini, Elisa Tracanna, Ennio Polilli, Monica Tontodonati, Elena Ricci, Francesca Santilli, Giustino Parruti
BACKGROUND: Substantial evidence indicates that perinatal mental disturbances are associated with the risk for negative maternal-newborn outcomes. A neuroendocrine brain-placenta interaction has been described to explain the association between prenatal stress-related disorders and placental abnormalities. Whether these mechanisms may affect the likelihood of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of infections has never been investigated. AIMS: To evaluate the role of psychological factors in cytomegalovirus (CMV) MTCT in pregnant women with primary CMV infection...
November 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507609/depression-and-alexithymia-on-weight-perception-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-type-2-diabetes
#5
Maria Cristina de Oliveira Regina, Marcos Antonio Tambascia
BACKGROUND: Obesity's increasing follows decreased perception of weight status in obese persons, mainly female, undergoing age-related changes. OBJECTIVE: To study weight perception and psychological alterations associated to MS and T2DM. METHODS: 200 patients selected from Metabolic Syndrome Outpatient Clinic of University of Campinas. Instruments: Beck Depression and Beck Anxiety Inventories', Toronto Alexithymia Scale-26s, questionnaire and data from reports...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500976/personality-disparity-in-chronic-regional-and-widespread-pain
#6
Mei-Chung Chang, Po-Fei Chen, For-Wey Lung
Chronic pain has high comorbidity with psychiatric disorders, therefore, better understanding of the relationship between chronic pain and mental illness is needed. This study aimed to investigate the pathway relationships among parental attachment, personality characteristics, alexithymic trait and mental health in patients with chronic widespread pain, those with chronic regional pain, and controls. Two hundred and thirty participants were recruited. The parental Bonding Inventory, Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI), 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), Chinese Health Questionnaire, and Short-Form 36 were filled out...
April 27, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490021/alexithymia-and-psychotherapeutic-treatment-motivation-main-and-interactional-effects-on-treatment-outcome
#7
Jan Terock, Deborah Janowitz, Hans Jörgen Grabe, Harald J Freyberger, Wolfgang Schneider, Thomas Klauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483085/biopsychosocial-predictors-of-interferon-related-depression-in-patients-with-hepatitis-c
#8
Martino Belvederi Murri, Angela Chiara Cecere, Mattia Masotti, Giorgio Sammito, Alessandra la Marca, Giuseppe Valerio Torres, Iris Bonfitto, Edwige Cuozzo, Luca Rossi, Gaetano Serviddio, Rosanna Villani, Antonino Picciotto, Antonello Bellomo, Mario Amore
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to examine the role of different bio-psycho-social risk factors for the onset of depression among patients with Hepatitis C (HCV) treated with Interferon alpha (IFN). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with HCV were recruited and assessed prospectively at baseline and after 4, 8, and 24 weeks since the start of IFN treatment. Assessments included the Hamilton Depression and Anxiety Rating Scales (HAM-D and HAM-A), Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Temperament Evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego, 110 item version (TEMPS-A), Young Mania Rating Scale and other assessment tools...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480975/emotion-dysregulation-in-alexithymia-startle-reactivity-to-fearful-affective-imagery-and-its-relation-to-heart-rate-variability
#9
Georgia Panayiotou, Elena Constantinou
Alexithymia is associated with deficiencies in recognizing and expressing emotions and impaired emotion regulation, though few studies have verified the latter assertion using objective measures. This study examined startle reflex modulation by fearful imagery and its associations with heart rate variability in alexithymia. Fifty-four adults (27 alexithymic) imagined previously normed fear scripts. Startle responses were assessed during baseline, first exposure, and reexposure. During first exposure, participants, in separate trials, engaged in either shallow or deep emotion processing, giving emphasis on descriptive or affective aspects of imagery, respectively...
May 8, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476059/the-relations-of-self-reported-aggression-to-alexithymia-depression-and-anxiety-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Dawn Neumann, James F Malec, Flora M Hammond
OBJECTIVES: To compare self-reported aggression in people with and without traumatic brain injury (TBI) and examine the relations of aggression to alexithymia (poor emotional insight), depression, and anxiety. SETTING: Rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-six adults with moderate to severe TBI who were at least 3 months postinjury; 49 healthy controls (HCs); groups were frequency matched for age and gender. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using a quasi-experimental design...
May 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457363/alexithymia-in-kidney-transplantation-patients
#11
M L Pistorio, M Veroux, N Sinagra, G Basile, C De Pasquale
Alexithymia is a marked difficulty in recognizing, exploring, and expressing inner feelings. Studies have proven the presence of a significant proportion of patients with alexithymia in samples from the transplantation population. This study aims to analyze the presence of alexithymia in a sample of 32 kidney transplantation patients from a deceased donor and to compare this construct with the presence of psychological symptoms and the physical and mental state of health perceived by the patients. Alexithymia assessment was analyzed using the Toronto Alexithymia Scale...
May 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456025/relationships-among-alexithymia-therapeutic-alliance-and-psychotherapy-outcome-in-major-depressive-disorder
#12
Lena C Quilty, Graeme J Taylor, Carolina McBride, R Michael Bagby
Previous studies have found that alexithymia predicts process and outcome of psychodynamic psychotherapy across a range of psychiatric disorders. There is preliminary evidence that alexithymia may exert its effects on outcome through the therapist. Other studies have found that alexithymia does not influence outcome of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). The aim of the current study was to investigate the capacity of alexithymia to predict therapist- and patient-rated therapeutic alliance and response to CBT and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for major depressive disorder...
April 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446713/a-risk-prediction-model-for-post-stroke-depression-in-chinese-stroke-survivors-based-on-clinical-and-socio-psychological-features
#13
Rui Liu, Yingying Yue, Haitang Jiang, Jian Lu, Aiqin Wu, Deqin Geng, Jun Wang, Jianxin Lu, Shenghua Li, Hua Tang, Xuesong Lu, Kezhong Zhang, Tian Liu, Yonggui Yuan, Qiao Wang
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke depression (PSD) is a frequent complication that worsens rehabilitation outcomes and patient quality of life. This study developed a risk prediction model for PSD based on patient clinical and socio-psychology features for the early detection of high risk PSD patients. RESULTS: Risk predictors included a history of brain cerebral infarction (odds ratio [OR], 3.84; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.22-6.70; P < 0.0001) and four socio-psychological factors including Eysenck Personality Questionnaire with Neuroticism/Stability (OR, 1...
April 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444850/emotion-dysregulation-in-hypochondriasis-and-depression
#14
Josef Bailer, Michael Witthöft, Maja Erkic, Daniela Mier
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore whether certain aspects of emotion dysregulation (i.e., facets of alexithymia and rumination) are more closely linked to hypochondriasis than to depression and vice versa. METHODS: Nineteen patients with hypochondriasis (HYP), 33 patients with depression, and 52 healthy control participants completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, the Response Styles Questionnaire, and additional symptom and illness behaviour scales...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433887/effects-of-clay-art-therapy-on-adults-outpatients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Joshua K M Nan, Rainbow T H Ho
BACKGROUND: Depression has become a critical global health problem, affecting millions of people. Cost-effective nonpharmacological treatment in community settings has been proposed to complement medical treatment. Short-term clay art therapy (CAT) is an alternative treatment that promotes the enhancement of various aspects of mental health for depressed individuals. METHODS: One-hundred and six adults with depression were randomized into a CAT group or visual art (VA) control group for six 2...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414491/associations-between-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-and-dimensions-of-alexithymia-the-moderating-role-of-sex
#16
Shaquanna Brown, Paula J Fite, Katie Stone, Allora Richey, Marco Bortolato
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment, specifically emotional maltreatment (i.e., an act, such as belittling, blaming, or rejection, that is potentially harmful to a child's emotional development), has emerged as an important correlate of alexithymia. However, the evidence is mixed with regard to how emotional abuse and neglect might relate to dimensions of alexithymia (i.e., externally oriented thinking, difficulty describing feelings, and difficulty identifying feelings). Furthermore, research is needed to identify individual factors that might influence these associations...
April 17, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413937/alexithymia-and-depression-in-the-recovery-of-chronic-pain-patients-a-follow-up-study
#17
Anita S Saariaho, Tom H Saariaho, Aino K Mattila, Pasi Ohtonen, Matti I Joukamaa, Max Karukivi
BACKGROUND: Childhood adversities and emotional dysregulation are connected with chronic pain, alexithymia, and depression. Longitudinal studies exploring the impact of their co-occurrence on the pain situation are rare. AIMS: The influence of alexithymia, depression, baseline pain situation, and treatment options on the course of chronic pain in a clinical sample was studied. METHODS: The baseline data was collected from chronic pain patients (n = 154) before their first pain clinic visit, and the follow-up data after 1 year by self-report questionnaires...
May 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411505/heterogeneity-of-emotional-and-interpersonal-difficulties-in-alcohol-dependence-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#18
Pierre Maurage, Philippe de Timary, Fabien D'Hondt
BACKGROUND: Emotional and interpersonal impairments have been largely reported in alcohol-dependence, and their role in its development and maintenance is widely established. However, earlier studies have exclusively focused on group comparisons between healthy controls and alcohol-dependent individuals, considering them as a homogeneous population. The variability of socio-emotional profiles in this disorder thus remains totally unexplored. The present study used a cluster analytic approach to explore the heterogeneity of affective and social disorders in alcohol-dependent individuals...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406663/neuropsychological-correlates-of-theory-of-mind-deficits-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Simona Raimo, Luigi Trojano, Simona Pappacena, Raffaella Alaia, Daniele Spitaleri, Dario Grossi, Gabriella Santangelo
BACKGROUND: Theory of mind (ToM) is the ability to understand and interpret another person's beliefs, intentions (cognitive ToM) and emotions (affective ToM). OBJECTIVE: To explore affective and cognitive ToM and their neuropsychological correlates in patients affected by multiple sclerosis (MS). MATERIAL AND METHOD: Forty MS patients and 40 matched control individuals underwent tasks assessing cognitive (the ToM Pictures Sequencing Task and the Advanced Test of ToM) and affective ToM (the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Task and the Emotion Attribution Task), in both verbal and nonverbal modality, a comprehensive neuropsychological battery, and questionnaires for behavioral disorders...
April 13, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402536/the-effect-of-constraining-eye-contact-during-dynamic-emotional-face-perception-an-fmri-study
#20
Nouchine Hadjikhani, Nicole Zurcher, Amandine Lassalle, Loyse Hippolyte, Noreen Ward, Jakob Åsberg Johnels
Eye-contact modifies how we perceive emotions and modulates activity in the social brain network. Here, using fMRI, we demonstrate that adding a fixation cross in the eye region of dynamic facial emotional stimuli significantly increases activation in the social brain of healthy, neurotypical participants when compared with activation for the exact same stimuli observed in a free-viewing mode. In addition, using PPI analysis, we show that the degree of amygdala connectivity with the rest of the brain is enhanced for the constrained view for all emotions tested except for fear, and that anxiety and alexithymia modulate the strength of amygdala connectivity for each emotion differently...
April 11, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
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