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Alexithymia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220288/social-cognition-according-to-cognitive-impairment-in-different-clinical-phenotypes-of-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Cecile Dulau, Mathilde Deloire, Helene Diaz, Aurore Saubusse, Julie Charre-Morin, Antoinette Prouteau, Bruno Brochet
The objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between social cognition (SC) and cognitive impairment in persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). A prospective study was conducted in 60 PwMS, 30 with relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), 15 with secondary progressive MS (SPMS) and 15 with primary progressive MS (PPMS), and in healthy subjects (HS). All subjects were assessed by the Bordeaux Social Cognition Evaluation Protocol (PECS-B) (facial emotion recognition, theory of mind, emotional awareness and cognitive and affective alexithymia), by a large neuropsychological battery and by questionnaires (depression and anxiety)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211964/relationship-between-pathological-gambling-alexithymia-and-gambling-type
#2
Céline Bonnaire, Servane Barrault, Ania Aïte, Mathieu Cassotti, Sylvain Moutier, Isabelle Varescon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to see if: (i) alexithymia is associated with PG and with the severity of gambling behavior; (ii) alexithymia is associated with strategic and non-strategic gambling. METHODS: Two hundred and twenty-six gamblers were recruited in different gambling locations. First, pathological gamblers (PGs) (n = 106) were compared to non-pathological gamblers (NPGs) (n = 120). Second, strategic gamblers (n = 92) were compared to non-strategic gamblers (n = 96)...
February 17, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211586/social-cognition-and-emotional-functioning-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder
#3
Matteo Aloi, Marianna Rania, Mariarita Caroleo, Pasquale De Fazio, Cristina Segura-García
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the theory of mind ability in a sample of obese patients with and without binge eating disorder (BED) and to explore the correlations between emotional and clinical assessments. METHODS: Overall, 20 non-BED, 16 under-threshold BED and 22 BED obese patients completed a battery of tests assessing social cognition and eating disorder psychopathology. RESULTS: Binge eating disorder, non-BED and under-threshold-BED obese patients showed similar ability to recognise others' emotions, but BED obese patients exhibited a deficit in recognising their own emotions as demonstrated by more impaired levels of alexithymia and interoceptive awareness and were more depressed...
February 17, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178333/a-comprehensive-approach-to-understand-somatic-symptoms-and-their-impact-on-emotional-and-psychosocial-functioning-in-children
#4
Rita Cerutti, Valentina Spensieri, Carmela Valastro, Fabio Presaghi, Roberto Canitano, Vincenzo Guidetti
INTRODUCTION: Somatic symptoms are frequently reported by children with significant impairment in functioning. Despite studies on adult populations that suggest somatic symptoms often co-occur with difficulties in identifying and describing feelings, little research has been done in childhood. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and frequency of somatic symptoms as well as to investigate the functional impairment in children with high number of self reported somatic symptoms versus those with fewer somatic symptoms...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174531/sensory-emotional-and-cognitive-contributions-to-anxiety-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Mikle South, Jacqui Rodgers
Severe symptoms of anxiety add substantial additional burden to many individuals diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Improved understanding of specific factors that contribute to anxiety in ASD can aid research regarding the causes of autism and also provide targets for more effective intervention. This mini-review article focuses on emerging evidence for three concepts that appear to be related to each other and which also strongly predict anxiety in ASD samples. Atypical sensory function is included in the diagnostic criteria for ASD and is likely an important contributor to anxiety...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154839/role-of-alexithymia-anxiety-and-depression-in-predicting-self-efficacy-in-academic-students
#6
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Soraya Khafri
Objective. Little research is available on the predictive factors of self-efficacy in college students. The aim of the present study is to examine the role of alexithymia, anxiety, and depression in predicting self-efficacy in academic students. Design. In a cross-sectional study, a total of 133 students at Babol University of Medical Sciences (Medicine, Dentistry, and Paramedicine) participated in the study between 2014 and 2015. All participants completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), College Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (CASES), and 14 items on anxiety and depression derived from the 28 items of the General Health Questionnaire (28-GHQ)...
2017: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152541/alexithymia-and-plaque-psoriasis-preliminary-investigation-in-a-clinical-sample-of-250-patients
#7
Marina Talamonti, Marco Galluzzo, Stella Servoli, Simone D'Adamio, Luca Bianchi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Psoriasis as a dermatological disorder has complex effects on mental health and the psychological status of the patient. Many authors proposed that assessing how psoriasis affects a patient's life is better than a body surface area measurement for delineating psoriasis severity. Alexithymia is a personality dimension characterized by difficulty identifying feelings, difficulty describing feelings, and externally oriented thinking observed in many clinical conditions, especially in psychosomatic disorders...
February 3, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150800/alexithymia-and-personality-traits-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#8
D La Barbera, B Bonanno, M V Rumeo, V Alabastro, M Frenda, E Massihnia, M C Morgante, L Sideli, A Craxì, M Cappello, M Tumminello, S Miccichè, L Nastri
Psychological factors, specific lifestyles and environmental stressors may influence etiopathogenesis and evolution of chronic diseases. We investigate the association between Chronic Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) and psychological dimensions such as personality traits, defence mechanisms, and Alexithymia, i.e. deficits of emotional awareness with inability to give a name to emotional states. We analyzed a survey of 100 patients with IBD and a control group of 66 healthy individuals. The survey involved filling out clinical and anamnestic forms and administering five psychological tests...
February 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145816/a-naturalistic-study-of-a-brief-treatment-program-for-survivors-of-complex-trauma
#9
Catherine C Classen, Robert T Muller, Nigel P Field, Carrie S Clark, Eva-Marie Stern
A naturalistic study of a brief treatment program for The impact of chronic trauma can be longstanding, affecting survivor affect regulation, consciousness, interpersonal functioning, perceptions of self and others, self-regulation, and somatic experience. There is a growing consensus that multi-modal and staged approaches to treatment are necessary to promote healing. However, empirical investigations of such treatments are still needed. The current study used a naturalistic design to examine the impact of a brief, yet intensive, outpatient program on complex PTSD symptoms and attachment classification among women with histories of chronic trauma...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129727/emotional-reactions-in-moral-decision-making-are-influenced-by-empathy-and-alexithymia
#10
Cinzia Cecchetto, Sebastian Korb, Raffaella Ida Rumiati, Marilena Aiello
The role of emotional processes in driving moral choices remains debated. In particular, diminished emotional processing and reduced empathy have been associated with unusual high rates of utilitarian responses in moral judgments while, to date, the effects of diminished emotional processing and empathy on moral decision-making have been only partially considered. In this study, we investigated the influence of empathy and alexithymia on behaviour and emotional responses while participants performed a moral decision task...
January 27, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110464/alexithymia-in-people-with-subjective-cognitive-decline-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Mehmet Yuruyen, Fundan Engin Akcan, Gizem Cetiner Batun, Gozde Gultekin, Mesut Toprak, Hakan Yavuzer, Murat Emul
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and psychological symptoms are widely accepted as accelerator factors in progression to dementia. Although alexithymia is closely related to normal aging process and poor neurocognitive performance, alexithymia has not been included in these symptoms yet. AIMS: Here, we aimed to investigate alexithymia features in people with prominent clinical memory complaints. METHODS: The participants (n = 82) were classified into three groups as: subjective cognitive decline (n = 30), mild cognitive impairment (n = 27), and mild Alzheimer's disease (n = 25) after Mini-Mental State Examination, Clinical Dementia Rating Scale, neuropsychological test battery, Geriatric Depression Scale, and Hachinski Ischemic Scale...
January 21, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099136/alexithymia-and-automatic-processing-of-emotional-stimuli-a-systematic-review
#12
Uta-Susan Donges, Thomas Suslow
Alexithymia is a personality trait characterized by difficulties in recognizing and verbalizing emotions and the utilization of a cognitive style that is oriented toward external events, rather than intrapsychic experiences. Alexithymia is considered a vulnerability factor influencing onset and course of many psychiatric disorders. Even though emotions are, in general, elicited involuntarily and emerge without conscious effort, it is surprising that little attention in etiological considerations concerning alexithymia has been given to deficits in automatic emotion processing and their neurobiological bases...
January 18, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094662/clinical-and-psychological-moderators-of-the-effect-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-persistent-pain-in-women-treated-for-primary-breast-cancer-explorative-analyses-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
M Johannsen, M S O'Toole, M O'Connor, A B Jensen, R Zachariae
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based intervention has been found efficacious in reducing persistent pain in women treated for breast cancer. Little, however, is known about possible moderators of the effect. We explored clinical and psychological moderators of the effect on pain intensity previously found in a randomized controlled trial of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) with women treated for breast cancer with persistent pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 129 women treated for breast cancer reporting persistent pain were randomized to MBCT or a wait-list control...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081519/interoception-and-psychopathology-a-developmental-neuroscience-perspective
#14
REVIEW
Jennifer Murphy, Rebecca Brewer, Caroline Catmur, Geoffrey Bird
Interoception refers to the perception of the physiological condition of the body, including hunger, temperature, and heart rate. There is a growing appreciation that interoception is integral to higher-order cognition. Indeed, existing research indicates an association between low interoceptive sensitivity and alexithymia (a difficulty identifying one's own emotion), underscoring the link between bodily and emotional awareness. Despite this appreciation, the developmental trajectory of interoception across the lifespan remains under-researched, with clear gaps in our understanding...
February 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072040/altered-empathy-for-psychological-and-physical-pain-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#15
Vera Flasbeck, Björn Enzi, Martin Brüne
Many patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) experience difficulties in empathizing with others and are sensitive to social exclusion. Accordingly, the authors developed a novel Social Interaction Empathy Task to examine empathy for physical and psychological pain from first- and third-person perspectives. Fifty female patients with BPD and forty-eight controls matched for age and gender were included. Alexithymia was also measured. Patients with BPD rated neutral and psychologically painful situations as more painful than healthy controls, and patients with BPD rated psychological pain as more intense in the first-person perspective than in the third-person perspective...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064114/extreme-sensory-processing-patterns-show-a-complex-association-with-depression-and-impulsivity-alexithymia-and-hopelessness
#16
Gianluca Serafini, Xenia Gonda, Giovanna Canepa, Maurizio Pompili, Zoltan Rihmer, Mario Amore, Batya Engel-Yeger
INTRODUCTION: The involvement of extreme sensory processing patterns, impulsivity, alexithymia, and hopelessness was hypothesized to contribute to the complex pathophysiology of major depression and bipolar disorder. However, the nature of the relation between these variables has not been thoroughly investigated. AIMS: This study aimed to explore the association between extreme sensory processing patterns, impulsivity, alexithymia, depression, and hopelessness. METHODS: We recruited 281 euthymic participants (mean age=47...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060205/reductions-in-alexithymia-and-emotion-dysregulation-after-training-emotional-self-awareness-following-traumatic-brain-injury-a-phase-i-trial
#17
Dawn Neumann, James F Malec, Flora M Hammond
OBJECTIVES: To examine the acceptability and initial efficacy of an emotional self-awareness treatment at reducing alexithymia and emotion dysregulation in participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: An outpatient rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Seventeen adults with moderate to severe TBI and alexithymia. Time postinjury ranged 1 to 33 years. DESIGN: Within subject design, with 3 assessment times: baseline, posttest, and 2-month follow-up...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029440/impulsivity-alexithymia-and-dissociation-among-pathological-gamblers-in-different-therapeutic-settings-a-multisample-comparison-study
#18
Alessio Gori, Giuseppe Craparo, Vincenzo Caretti, Marco Giannini, Giuseppe Iraci-Sareri, Angelo Bruschi, Luigi Janiri, Lucia Ponti, Franca Tani
Since many psychopathological traits seem to be related to Gambling Disorder (GD), impulsivity, alexithymia and dissociation could play a central role in gambling behaviors, particularly in pathological gambling. We test this hypothesis in four distinct samples of gamblers, three undergoing different types of treatments and a control group. The study sample consists of 204 subjects (males 87.3%, mean age=47.75 years, SD=12.08) divided into four groups: (1) 59 subjects belonging to an Outpatients Treatment Program in the National Health System (NHS); (2) 60 subjects of an Outpatients Self-Help Group Program; (3) 35 subjects belonging to a Residential Treatment Program (Inpatients Program); and (4) 50 subjects without gambling problems (Control Group)...
October 24, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026885/alexithymia-and-emotional-processing-a-mediation-model
#19
Ana Nunes da Silva, António Branco Vasco, Jeanne C Watson
OBJECTIVE: Although alexithymia has been associated with difficulties in emotional regulation, both constructs are complex and this association remains unclear. This research attempts to study the relation between both constructs to identify better ways to guide clinical intervention. METHOD: Emotion awareness, differentiation, and regulation were tested as mediators of the associations between alexithymia and severity of symptoms. The model was tested in a clinical (121 participants) and a nonclinical sample (188 participants)...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010039/the-emotion-regulation-questionnaire-in-women-with-cancer-a-psychometric-evaluation-and-an-item-response-theory-analysis
#20
Tânia Brandão, Marc S Schulz, James J Gross, Paula Mena Matos
OBJECTIVE: Emotion regulation is thought to play an important role in adaptation to cancer. However, the emotion regulation questionnaire (ERQ), a widely used instrument to assess emotion regulation, has not yet been validated in this context. This study addresses this gap by examining the psychometric properties of the ERQ in a sample of Portuguese women with cancer. METHODS: The ERQ was administered to 204 women with cancer (mean age = 48.89 years, SD = 7...
December 23, 2016: Psycho-oncology
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