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Alexithymia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053116/-abdominal-pain-in-migraine-patients
#1
O V Serousova, M I Karpova, A I Dolgushina, A F Vasilenko, V V Markova, D Sh Altman
AIM: To study the frequency of comorbid abdominal pain in migraine patients and the influence of that symptom on the formation of disease phenotype. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical features of migraine were studied in 66 patients with episodic migraine and 40 patients with chronic migraine. Presence of pain, intensity, duration of seizure-associated abdominal pain and interictal abdominal pain were assessed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The frequency of abdominal pain in the painful phase of migraine was >11% and did not depend on the type of migraine...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044580/low-oxytocin-levels-are-related-to-alexithymia-in-anorexia-nervosa
#2
Cindy Schmelkin, Franziska Plessow, Jennifer J Thomas, Emily K Gray, Dean A Marengi, Reitumetse Pulumo, Lisseth Silva, Karen K Miller, Nouchine Hadjikhani, Debra L Franko, Kamryn T Eddy, Elizabeth A Lawson
OBJECTIVE: Anorexia nervosa is associated with social-emotional functioning deficits and low levels of the social neurohormone oxytocin, even after weight gain. The relationship between low oxytocin levels and social-emotional functioning impairment has not been studied. METHOD: We performed a cross-sectional study of 79 women (19 who were less than 85% of ideal body weight [IBW] with anorexia nervosa [AN], 26 who were 90-120% IBW with a history of AN [AN-WR], and 34 who were 90-120% IBW with no eating disorder history [H])...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038990/personality-and-alexithymic-disparity-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-based-on-washing-and-checking
#3
Hwa-Sheng Tang, Po-Fei Chen, For-Wey Lung
The aim of this study was to investigate pathway relationship of personality characteristics and alexithymic traits in OCD symptoms of obsession, and compulsive behavior of washing and checking. Two-hundred and seventy patients diagnosed with OCD were consecutively recruited from the psychiatric outpatient department of a teaching hospital. Structural equation modeling showed those more neurotic, less extraverted and with higher levels of alexithymia difficulty identifying feelings (DIF), difficulty describing feelings (DDF) and externally oriented thinking (EOT) were more likely to develop obsessive thoughts...
October 17, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035168/employee-health-relevant-personality-traits-are-associated-with-the-psychosocial-work-environment-and-leadership
#4
Karin Villaume, Dan Hasson
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about personality in relation to assessments of the psychosocial work environment and leadership. Therefore the objective of this study is to explore possible associations and differences in mean values between employee health-relevant personality traits and assessments of the psychosocial work environment and leadership behaviors. METHODS: 754 survey responses from ten organizations were selected from a large-scale intervention study...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033633/measuring-alexithymia-via-trait-approach-i-a-alexithymia-scale-item-selection-and-formation-of-factor-structure
#5
Arkun Tatar, Gaye Saltukoğlu, Seda Alioğlu, Sümeyye Çimen, Hülya Güven, Çağla Ebru Ay
INTRODUCTION: It is not clear in the literature whether available instruments are sufficient to measure alexithymia because of its theoretical structure. Moreover, it has been reported that several measuring instruments are needed to measure this construct, and all the instruments have different error sources. The old and the new forms of Toronto Alexithymia Scale are the only instruments available in Turkish. Thus, the purpose of this study was to develop a new scale to measure alexithymia, selecting items and constructing the factor structure...
September 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024361/emotional-processing-in-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-exploratory-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
J Fernandes, F Ferreira-Santos, K Miller, S Torres
The role of emotional functioning in the development and maintenance of obesity has been investigated, but the literature is poorly integrated. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to explore emotional processing impairments in obesity. PubMed, Web of Knowledge and PsycINFO databases were searched in March 2016, yielding 31 studies comparing emotional processing competencies in individuals with obesity, with or without binge eating disorder (BED), and control groups. Meta-analyses demonstrated that individuals with obesity had higher scores of alexithymia (d = 0...
October 10, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022840/irritable-temperament-and-lifetime-psychotic-symptoms-as-predictors-of-anxiety-symptoms-in-bipolar-disorder
#7
Gianluca Serafini, Pierre A Geoffroy, Andrea Aguglia, Giulia Adavastro, Giovanna Canepa, Maurizio Pompili, Mario Amore
PURPOSE: Affective temperaments, hopelessness, alexithymia, and anxiety/agitation symptoms may play a significant role in the psychopathological characteristics of bipolar disorder (BD). Here, we aimed to investigate the eventual association between the mentioned explanatory variables and anxiety/agitation symptoms in BD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited at the Section of Psychiatry, Department of Neuroscience, University of Genoa (Italy), 92 BD inpatients having a mean age of 52 (±13...
October 12, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975030/frontal-eeg-asymmetry-in-borderline-personality-disorder-is-associated-with-alexithymia
#8
Vera Flasbeck, Stoyan Popkirov, Martin Brüne
BACKGROUND: Frontal EEG asymmetry is a widely studied correlate of emotion processing and psychopathology. Recent research suggests that frontal EEG asymmetry during resting state is related to approach/withdrawal motivation and is also found in affective disorders such as major depressive disorder. Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) show aberrant behavior in relation to both approach and withdrawal motivation, which may arguably be associated with their difficulties in emotion processing...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972694/alexithymia-according-to-bucci-s-multiple-code-theory-a-preliminary-investigation-with-healthy-and-hypertensive-individuals
#9
Michela Di Trani, Rachele Mariani, Alessia Renzi, Paul Samuel Greenman, Luigi Solano
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relation between alexithymia and Referential Activity (RA), a linguistic measure of the process by which non-verbal emotional experience is connected to language. METHODS: The 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and the Toronto Structured Interview for Alexithymia (TSIA) were administered to 20 postgraduate students and 15 outpatients with hypertension. The Weighted Referential Activity Dictionary (WRAD) and other linguistic measures (Reflection, Disfluency, and Somatic Sense) were applied to texts derived from the TSIA using the Discourse Attributes Analysis Program (DAAP)...
October 3, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968957/a-risk-prediction-model-for-post-stroke-depression-in-chinese-stroke-survivors-based-on-clinical-and-socio-psychological-features
#10
Rui Liu, Yingying Yue, Haitang Jiang, Jian Lu, Aiqin Wu, Deqin Geng, Jun Wang, Jianxin Lu, Shenghua Li, Hua Tang, Xuesong Lu, Kezhong Zhang, Tian Liu, Yonggui Yuan, Qiao Wang
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke depression (PSD) is a frequent complication that worsens rehabilitation outcomes and patient quality of life. This study developed a risk prediction model for PSD based on patient clinical and socio-psychology features for the early detection of high risk PSD patients. RESULTS: Risk predictors included a history of brain cerebral infarction (odds ratio [OR], 3.84; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.22-6.70; P < 0.0001) and four socio-psychological factors including Eysenck Personality Questionnaire with Neuroticism/Stability (OR, 1...
September 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961598/thinking-about-one-s-feelings-association-between-alexithymia-and-cognitive-styles-in-a-nonclinical-population
#11
Romina Rinaldi, Viorica Radian, Mandy Rossignol, Kendra G Kandana Arachchige, Laurent Lefebvre
Alexithymia is described as a disturbance in the cognitive and affective processing of emotions. Little is known about the cognitive styles associated with this personality trait. In this article, we examine to what extent alexithymia is linked with poorer rational cognitive style. A total of 685 participants from a nonclinical sample completed the Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 along with self-reported and behavioral measures of cognitive styles. Results suggest that people with a high level of self-reported alexithymia show lower rational abilities...
October 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954100/psychopathology-and-alexithymia-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#12
Panagiota Korkoliakou, Vasiliki Efstathiou, Ioanna Giannopoulou, Christos Christodoulou, Anargyros Kouris, Dimitrios Rigopoulos, Athanasios Douzenis
Background: Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory, relapsing skin disease that has a psychosocial impact on the patients' life. Objective: This study aimed to investigate psychopathology in patients with psoriasis based on a valid psychometric instrument, as well as on the relationship between psychopathology and alexithymia. Methods: 108 patients with psoriasis were included in the study. Psychopathology was evaluated with the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) and alexithymia with the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20)...
July 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940488/i-can-feel-my-heartbeat-dancers-have-increased-interoceptive-accuracy
#13
Julia F Christensen, Sebastian B Gaigg, Beatriz Calvo-Merino
Interoception is the process of perceiving afferent signals arising from within the body including heart rate (HR), gastric signals, etc., and has been described as a mechanism crucially involved in the creation of self-awareness and selfhood. The heartbeat perception task is a tool to measure individuals' interoceptive accuracy (IAcc). IAcc correlates positively with measures of self-awareness and with attributes including emotional sensitivity, empathy, prosocial behavior, and efficient decision making. IAcc is only moderate in the general population, and attempts to identify groups of people who might have higher IAcc due to their specific training (e...
September 21, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931368/depression-differed-by-midnight-cortisol-secretion-alexithymia-and-anxiety-between-diabetes-types-a-cross-sectional-comparison
#14
Eva O Melin, Maria Thunander, Mona Landin-Olsson, Magnus Hillman, Hans O Thulesius
BACKGROUND: Increased prevalence of depression is found in both type 2 diabetes (T2D) and type 1 diabetes (T1D). Melancholia and atypical depression differ by cortisol secretion and clinical features. The aim was to compare the clinical presentation of T1D and T2D patients in relation to self-reported depression, self-reported anxiety, alexithymia, obesity, and midnight salivary cortisol (MSC). METHODS: Comparative cross-sectional design. The participants were consecutively recruited from one hospital diabetes outpatient clinic: 24 T2D patients (31-59 years) and 148 T1D patients (32-59 years)...
September 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927715/microstructural-white-matter-changes-and-their-relation-to-neuropsychological-deficits-in-patients-with-juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy
#15
Susanne Knake, Christine Roth, Marcus Belke, Jens Sonntag, Tobias Kniess, Soeren Krach, Andreas Jansen, Jens Sommer, Frieder M Paulus, Barbara Carl, Felix Rosenow, Anke M Hermsen, Katja Menzler
OBJECTIVE: Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is the most common idiopathic generalized epilepsy syndrome. Neuropsychological, electrophysiological, and neuroimaging studies have led to the hypothesis that JME is related to dysfunction of frontal brain regions and mainly frontal thalamocortical networks. METHODS: We investigated possible microstructural white matter abnormalities of 20 patients with JME as compared with 20 healthy control subjects using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)...
September 15, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926906/the-influence-of-alexithymia-on-mobile-phone-addiction-the-role-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress
#16
Tingting Gao, Jiaomeng Li, Han Zhang, Jinglei Gao, Yixi Kong, Yueyang Hu, Songli Mei
BACKGROUND: Alexithymia is an important predictor of mobile phone addiction. Enhancing and improving college students' mental health can reduce the rate of mobile phone addiction. However, it is not clear about the role of depression, anxiety and stress in the relationship between college students' alexithymia and mobile phone addiction. METHODS: A total of 1105 college students were tested with the Toronto Alexithymia Scale, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale and the Mobile Phone Addiction Index...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914723/inducing-somatic-symptoms-in-functional-syndrome-patients-effects-of-manipulating-state-negative-affect
#17
Maaike Van Den Houte, Katleen Bogaerts, Ilse Van Diest, Jozef De Bie, Philippe Persoons, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Omer Van den Bergh
OBJECTIVE: Induction of negative affective states can enhance bodily symptoms in high habitual symptom reporters among healthy persons, and in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. The aim of this study was to replicate this effect in patients with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome and to investigate the role of moderators, focusing on alexithymia, negative affectivity (NA) and absorption. METHODS: Patients with fibromyalgia and/or chronic fatigue syndrome (N=81) and healthy controls (HC, N=41) viewed series of neutral, positive and negative affective pictures...
September 13, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910184/the-impact-of-alexithymia-on-desire-for-alcohol-during-a-social-stress-test
#18
Cindy Knapton, Gillian Bruce, Lynn Williams
BACKGROUND: Alexithymia is a personality construct comprising difficulty in identifying and describing emotions and externally oriented thinking. Its role in heavy and problematic alcohol consumption is well documented, together with its relationship with social stress. However, little research has examined whether social stress has any effect on desire for alcohol among alexithymic individuals. OBJECTIVES: In this experimental study, we explored the relationship between alexithymia and desire for alcohol in response to an experimental social stressor...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903591/negative-self-evaluating-emotions-as-mediator-in-the-relationship-between-childhood-emotional-trauma-and-alexithymia-in-adulthood
#19
Serge Lecours, Frédérick L Philippe, Marie-Ève Boucher, Lola Ahoundova, Catherine Allard-Chapais
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895792/rash-impulsiveness-and-negative-mood-but-not-alexithymia-or-reward-sensitivity-differentiate-young-to-middle-aged-chronic-daily-smokers-from-never-smokers
#20
Michael Lyvers, Monique Bremner, Mark S Edwards, Fred Arne Thorberg
Given the well-established associations of the personality traits alexithymia, impulsivity, and reward sensitivity with problematic use of a variety of substances, including alcohol and cannabis, the present study sought to determine whether daily tobacco smoking is similarly linked to these traits. Male and female adults aged 18 to 40 years were recruited from the local Australian community, allowing comparison of demographically similar samples of current daily smokers (n = 47) to never-smokers (n = 59) on the relevant self-report measures...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
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