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Alexithymia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433887/effects-of-clay-art-therapy-on-adults-outpatients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Joshua K M Nan, Rainbow T H Ho
BACKGROUND: Depression has become a critical global health problem, affecting millions of people. Cost-effective nonpharmacological treatment in community settings has been proposed to complement medical treatment. Short-term clay art therapy (CAT) is an alternative treatment that promotes the enhancement of various aspects of mental health for depressed individuals. METHODS: One-hundred and six adults with depression were randomized into a CAT group or visual art (VA) control group for six 2...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414491/associations-between-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-and-dimensions-of-alexithymia-the-moderating-role-of-sex
#2
Shaquanna Brown, Paula J Fite, Katie Stone, Allora Richey, Marco Bortolato
OBJECTIVE: Child maltreatment, specifically emotional maltreatment (i.e., an act, such as belittling, blaming, or rejection, that is potentially harmful to a child's emotional development), has emerged as an important correlate of alexithymia. However, the evidence is mixed with regard to how emotional abuse and neglect might relate to dimensions of alexithymia (i.e., externally oriented thinking, difficulty describing feelings, and difficulty identifying feelings). Furthermore, research is needed to identify individual factors that might influence these associations...
April 17, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413937/alexithymia-and-depression-in-the-recovery-of-chronic-pain-patients-a-follow-up-study
#3
Anita S Saariaho, Tom H Saariaho, Aino K Mattila, Pasi Ohtonen, Matti I Joukamaa, Max Karukivi
BACKGROUND: Childhood adversities and emotional dysregulation are connected with chronic pain, alexithymia, and depression. Longitudinal studies exploring the impact of their co-occurrence on the pain situation are rare. AIMS: The influence of alexithymia, depression, baseline pain situation, and treatment options on the course of chronic pain in a clinical sample was studied. METHODS: The baseline data was collected from chronic pain patients (n = 154) before their first pain clinic visit, and the follow-up data after 1 year by self-report questionnaires...
May 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411505/heterogeneity-of-emotional-and-interpersonal-difficulties-in-alcohol-dependence-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#4
Pierre Maurage, Philippe de Timary, Fabien D'Hondt
BACKGROUND: Emotional and interpersonal impairments have been largely reported in alcohol-dependence, and their role in its development and maintenance is widely established. However, earlier studies have exclusively focused on group comparisons between healthy controls and alcohol-dependent individuals, considering them as a homogeneous population. The variability of socio-emotional profiles in this disorder thus remains totally unexplored. The present study used a cluster analytic approach to explore the heterogeneity of affective and social disorders in alcohol-dependent individuals...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406663/neuropsychological-correlates-of-theory-of-mind-deficits-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Simona Raimo, Luigi Trojano, Simona Pappacena, Raffaella Alaia, Daniele Spitaleri, Dario Grossi, Gabriella Santangelo
BACKGROUND: Theory of mind (ToM) is the ability to understand and interpret another person's beliefs, intentions (cognitive ToM) and emotions (affective ToM). OBJECTIVE: To explore affective and cognitive ToM and their neuropsychological correlates in patients affected by multiple sclerosis (MS). MATERIAL AND METHOD: Forty MS patients and 40 matched control individuals underwent tasks assessing cognitive (the ToM Pictures Sequencing Task and the Advanced Test of ToM) and affective ToM (the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Task and the Emotion Attribution Task), in both verbal and nonverbal modality, a comprehensive neuropsychological battery, and questionnaires for behavioral disorders...
April 13, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402536/the-effect-of-constraining-eye-contact-during-dynamic-emotional-face-perception-an-fmri-study
#6
Nouchine Hadjikhani, Nicole Zurcher, Amandine Lassalle, Loyse Hippolyte, Noreen Ward, Jakob Åsberg Johnels
Eye-contact modifies how we perceive emotions and modulates activity in the social brain network. Here, using fMRI, we demonstrate that adding a fixation cross in the eye region of dynamic facial emotional stimuli significantly increases activation in the social brain of healthy, neurotypical participants when compared with activation for the exact same stimuli observed in a free-viewing mode. In addition, using PPI analysis, we show that the degree of amygdala connectivity with the rest of the brain is enhanced for the constrained view for all emotions tested except for fear, and that anxiety and alexithymia modulate the strength of amygdala connectivity for each emotion differently...
April 11, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399433/embodied-emotion-impairment-in-huntington-s-disease
#7
Iris Trinkler, Sévérine Devignevielle, Amal Achaibou, Romain V Ligneul, Pierre Brugières, Laurent Cleret de Langavant, Beatrice De Gelder, Rachael Scahill, Sophie Schwartz, Anne-Catherine Bachoud-Lévi
Theories of embodied cognition suggest that perceiving an emotion involves somatovisceral and motoric re-experiencing. Here we suggest taking such an embodied stance when looking at emotion processing deficits in patients with Huntington's Disease (HD), a neurodegenerative motor disorder. The literature on these patients' emotion recognition deficit has recently been enriched by some reports of impaired emotion expression. The goal of the study was to find out if expression deficits might be linked to a more motoric level of impairment...
March 18, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394959/-psychosocial-functioning-in-non-psychiatric-acute-and-chronic-inpatients-depression-alexithymia-and-lack-of-assertiveness
#8
Marcelo Arancibia, Rosa Behar, Sofía Marín, Nicolás Inzunza, Eva Madrid
BACKGROUND: Depression, alexithymia, and lack of assertiveness interfere with individual psychosocial functioning and may result in longer hospitalization stay and poorer therapeutic results. AIM: To analyze the psychosocial functioning in acute and chronic patients and its association with psychological, clinical and sociodemographic variables. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study that included 80 inpatients of both sexes with organic pathology, aged between 18 to 70 years old, without any current psychiatric disorder...
November 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386118/social-cognition-in-aggressive-offenders-impaired-empathy-but-intact-theory-of-mind
#9
Korina Winter, Stephanie Spengler, Felix Bermpohl, Tania Singer, Philipp Kanske
Aggressive, violent behaviour is a major burden and challenge for society. It has been linked to deficits in social understanding, but the evidence is inconsistent and the specifics of such deficits are unclear. Here, we investigated affective (empathy) and cognitive (Theory of Mind) routes to understanding other people in aggressive individuals. Twenty-nine men with a history of legally relevant aggressive behaviour (i.e. serious assault) and 32 control participants were tested using a social video task (EmpaToM) that differentiates empathy and Theory of Mind and completed questionnaires on aggression and alexithymia...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374488/investigation-of-health-anxiety-and-related-factors-in-chinese-patients-with-physical-disease
#10
Yuqun Zhang, Pengcheng Li, Yuanyuan Ma, Shengqin Mao, Guohong Li, Aiming Zheng, Yonggui Yuan
PURPOSE: To explore the prevalence of health anxiety (HA) and related factors in Chinese patients with physical diseases. DESIGN AND METHODS: Three-hundred twenty-eight patients completed a series of scales about personality, HA, and quality of life (QoL). FINDINGS: The prevalence of HA in all patients was 42.07%. HA was significantly correlated with neuroticism, alexithymia, and QoL. Moreover, physical and psychological QoL as well as neuroticism could predict 41...
April 4, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372565/influencing-factors-of-alexithymia-in-chinese-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Yaxin Zhu, Ting Luo, Jie Liu, Bo Qu
BACKGROUND: A much higher prevalence of alexithymia has been reported in medical students compared with the general population, and alexithymia is a risk factor that increases vulnerability to mental disorders. Our aim was to evaluate the level of alexithymia in Chinese medical students and to explore its influencing factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1,950 medical students at Shenyang Medical College was conducted in May 2014 to evaluate alexithymia in medical students using the Chinese version of the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20)...
April 4, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353096/alexithymia-and-weight-loss-in-obese-patients-underwent-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#12
Emanuela Paone, Laura Pierro, Angela Damico, Paola Aceto, Fabio Cesare Campanile, Gianfranco Silecchia, Carlo Lai
PURPOSE: Obesity is a multifactorial disease characterized by genetic, social, cultural and psychological factors. Currently, bariatric surgery represents the gold-standard intervention to treat morbid obesity in order to counteract associated disabling comorbidities. Several studies showed correlation between post-surgery weight loss and psychological factors. Also, the alexithymia may have a role in affecting post-surgery outcomes in bariatric patients, even if there are no studies investigating its role at 12-month follow-up...
March 28, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348539/autonomic-reactivity-to-arousing-stimuli-with-social-and-non-social-relevance-in-alexithymia
#13
Eduardo S Martínez-Velázquez, Jacques Honoré, Lucas de Zorzi, Julieta Ramos-Loyo, Henrique Sequeira
Emotional difficulties in alexithymia and their social consequences have been linked to alterations in autonomic nervous system. However, most of previous studies did not take into account the distinction between the affective and the cognitive dimensions of the alexithymia, leading to inconsistent results. Aim: In this study, we compared the effects of both dimensions of alexithymia on the autonomic arousal to emotional and social visual stimulations. Methods: Skin conductance responses (SCRs) to items of the International Affective Pictures System characterized by emotional (unpleasant, neutral, and pleasant), social (with humans) or non-social (without humans) content were recorded in non-alexithymic (NA), affective (AA) and cognitive alexithymic (CA) participants, selected on the basis of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale and the Bermond-Vorst Alexithymia Questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347882/subsyndromal-psychosomatic-concepts-and-personality-traits-in-community-adults
#14
Shih-Cheng Liao, I-Ming Chen, Chao-Ying Tu, Chih-Kang Hsu, Huei-Mei Ma, Min-Tzu Lee, Wei-Lieh Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of features of the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research (DCPR) in the Taiwanese community and to explore their relationships with psychological states and personality traits. METHOD: The participants were 153 individuals without a DSM-5 psychiatric diagnosis who were grouped according to whether they had a DCPR diagnosis (at least one DCPR diagnosis, DCPR(+): n=66; no DCPR diagnosis, DCPR(-): n=87). The groups were compared with respect to psychological states (measured with Patient Health Questionnaire-15 [PHQ-15], Health Anxiety Questionnaire [HAQ], Beck Depression Inventory-II [BDI-II], Beck Anxiety Inventory [BAI)]) and personality (measured with Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire)...
May 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347150/taxometric-analysis-of-the-toronto-structured-interview-for-alexithymia
#15
Kateryna V Keefer, Graeme J Taylor, James D A Parker, R Michael Bagby
Alexithymia is a clinically relevant personality construct characterized by difficulties identifying and describing feelings, externally oriented thinking, and impoverished imaginal processes. Previous taxometric investigations provided evidence that alexithymia is best conceptualized as a continuous dimension rather than a discrete type, at least when assessed with the self-report 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale. The aim of the current study was to test the categorical versus dimensional structure of alexithymia using the recently developed Toronto Structured Interview for Alexithymia...
March 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337867/alexithymia-and-its-relationships-with-inflammatory-response-mediated-by-il-1-family-members
#16
C Conti, Al Caraffa, S K Kritas, G Ronconi, M Fulcheri
The major aim of this study is to provide a review of the research studies regarding the clinical link between alexithymia and interleukins (IL). We performed a search for the relevant literature by using search terms as "alexithymia" combined with "interleukin or IL". A total of 9 original research studies were identified and included. Alexithymia was found to be prevalent in inflammatory response and associated with inflammatory cytokines. Our review emphasized for the first time the relationships of alexithymia with inflammatory response mediated by IL-1 family members...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334633/now-or-not-now-the-influence-of-alexithymia-on-intertemporal-decision-making
#17
Cristina Scarpazza, Manuela Sellitto, Giuseppe di Pellegrino
Optimal intertemporal decisions arise from the balance between an emotional-visceral component, signaling the need for immediate gratification, and a rational, long-term oriented component. Alexithymia, a personality construct characterized by amplified sensitivity to internal bodily signals of arousal, may result in enhanced activation of the emotional-visceral component over the cognitive-rational one. To test this hypothesis, participants with high- and low-alexithymia level were compared at an intertemporal decision-making task, and their choice behavior correlated with their interoceptive sensitivity...
June 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331571/clinical-evaluation-of-autistic-symptoms-in-women-with-anorexia-nervosa
#18
Heather Westwood, William Mandy, Kate Tchanturia
BACKGROUND: Despite a suggested link between anorexia nervosa (AN) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), previous studies have used self-report or diagnostic criteria to assess for ASD in AN populations, rather than direct observation of symptom characteristic of ASD. The aim of this study was to use a standardised, clinical assessment of ASD, the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, 2nd Edition (ADOS-2), to investigate the presence of autistic symptoms in a cross-sectional sample of women with AN...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314554/an-evaluation-of-the-absolute-and-relative-stability-of-alexithymia-over-11years-in-a-finnish-general-population
#19
A Hiirola, S Pirkola, M Karukivi, N Markkula, R M Bagby, M Joukamaa, A Jula, E Kronholm, S Saarijärvi, J K Salminen, J Suvisaari, G Taylor, A K Mattila
OBJECTIVE: We investigated if alexithymia, a personality construct with difficulties in emotional processing, is stable in the general population. METHODS: Altogether 3083 unselected subjects aged 30 and older in Finland completed the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) in the longitudinal Health 2000 and Health 2011 general population surveys (BRIF8901). The stability of alexithymia at the 11-year follow-up was assessed with t-tests, correlations, and separate linear regression models with base-line and follow-up age, gender, marital status, education, and 12-month depressive and anxiety disorders as confounders...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314553/is-alexithymia-related-to-cannabis-use-disorder-results-from-a-case-control-study-in-outpatient-adolescent-cannabis-abusers
#20
Géraldine Dorard, Catherine Bungener, Olivier Phan, Yves Edel, Maurice Corcos, Sylvie Berthoz
OBJECTIVE: In recent decades, alexithymia has been considered a risk factor for multiple somatic and psychiatric conditions. Yet, whereas alexithymia has been extensively studied in adults with a substance misuse, only one study has reported data on cannabis abusers from the general population. Hence, our main objective was to explore alexithymia in a clinical sample of treatment-seeking young outpatients with a DSM-IV cannabis dependence or abuse diagnosis compared to controls. METHODS: 120 young patients (95 males - mean age 17...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
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