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Michiko Kano, Yuka Endo, Shin Fukudo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
F Tonioni, M Mazza, G Autullo, G R Pellicano, P Aceto, V Catalano, G Marano, S Corvino, D Martinelli, V Fiumana, L Janiri, C Lai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare socio-emotional patterns, temperamental traits, and coping strategies, between a group of Internet addiction (IA) patients and a control group. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five IA patients and twenty-six healthy matched subjects were tested on IA, temperament, coping strategies, alexithymia and attachment dimensions. Participants reported their prevalent Internet use (online pornography, social networks, online games)...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Floriana Caccamo, Simona Ghedin, Cristina Marogna
OBJECTIVES: Health workers, particularly those working in palliative care, are confronted daily with situations that increase stress and emotional fatigue, since constantly exposed to the disease and the death of patients. The proximity to the pain and the feelings of psychological suffering of patients submits them to a very intense emotional charge, making them susceptible to burnout. The skills required for those involved in this type of assistance are very specific and it is therefore necessary training that is aimed at providing the healthcare professional knowledge and basic skills, both professional and empathic, because the service is of good quality...
December 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Michal Hason Rozenstein, Daniel Stein, Yael Latzer
BACKGROUND: Emotional difficulties characterize eating disorders (ED). We examined the construct of alexithymia (disability to recognize and understand emotions) and neurocognitive factors of social cognition in patients diagnosed with B/P-EDs and their mothers. METHOD: 34 mother-daughter dyads, in which the daughter has B/P-ED and 31 control dyads conducted subjective self-evaluation of alexithymia and underwent objective neuro-cognitive evaluation of their ability to recognize and understand emotions...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Lily Rothschild-Yakar, Merav Peled, Adi Enoch-Levy, Eitan Gur, Daniel Stein
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between general ability of mentalization, the specific aspect of affective mentalizing of self and others, emotion regulation strategies, and eating disorder (ED) symptoms. METHOD: Twenty-five female adolescent and young adult inpatients with EDs, and 22 healthy subjects, were administered a semi-structured interview - the Reflective Function (RF) scale, self-rating scales assessing alexithymia, emotion regulation, depression and ED symptomatology, and a neurocognitive measure assessing Theory of Mind...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
Steven Davey, Jamin Halberstadt, Elliot Bell, Sunny Collings
BACKGROUND: Alexithymia is a problem of emotion regulation and for this reason alone may relate to suicidality. This article investigates the evidence for a direct relationship. It explores the possibility of an additional role for interoception in future research. METHODS: A scoping review of peer-reviewed journal articles examining alexithymia and suicidality was undertaken, followed by a critical assessment of the overall state of the evidence base in relation to interoception...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Leah S Sharman, Genevieve A Dingle, Eric J Vanman
Crying is often considered to be a positive experience that benefits the crier, yet there is little empirical evidence to support this. Indeed, it seems that people hold a range of appraisals about their crying, and these are likely to influence the effects of crying on their emotional state. This paper reports on the development and psychometric validation of the Beliefs about Crying Scale (BACS), a new measure assessing beliefs about whether crying leads to positive or negative emotional outcomes in individual and interpersonal contexts...
June 18, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
S J Moug, N Henderson, C N Tiernan, J Bisset, E Ferguson, D Harji, C Maxwell-Armstrong, E MacDermid, A G Acheson, R J C Steele, N S Fearnhead
AIM: Colorectal surgeons regularly make the decision to anastomose, defunction or form an end colostomy when performing rectal surgery. This study aimed to define personality traits of colorectal surgeons and explore any influence of such traits on the decision to perform a rectal anastomosis. METHOD: 50 attendees of The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland 2016 conference participated. After written consent, all underwent personality testing: alexithymia (inability to understand emotions); type of thinking process (intuitive versus rational) and personality traits (extraversion; agreeableness; openness; emotional stability; conscientiousness)...
June 14, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Lucía Del Río-Casanova, Ana Isabel González-Vázquez, Ania Justo, Vanessa Andrade, Mario Páramo, Julio Brenlla, Andrés Blanco-Hortas
INTRODUCTION: The role that emotion regulation plays in Conversion Disorders (CD) is not well known. This research deepens in this subject and describes the main differences between a group of conversion patients and a control group on different measures of emotion regulation and other clinical variables. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted including 43 patients suffering from CD and 42 healthy controls. Both groups went thought two psychiatric interviews and fulfilled 6 questionnaires assessing depression, anxiety, alexithymia, emotion dysregulation, affect intensity, psychoform and somatoform dissociation...
May 2018: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
J-M Darves-Bornoz
In the title of this text, by somatic disorders we mean those physical illnesses clearly related to a non-psychiatric medical field, frequently termed psychosomatic illnesses and somatoform disorders. For forty years, a trend of thought has focused with pertinence on the psychological peculiarities in patients with severe somatic diseases. Moreover, causality was often supposed in the regularly mentioned association between personality features and somatoform disorders. However, the revival of the study of the earlier field of relationships between mind and body by Briquet, Charcot, Janet and Freud in his first period has led to the reassessment of the meaning of these observations...
June 8, 2018: L'Encéphale
J Löf, D Clinton, V Kaldo, G Rydén
BACKGROUND: Mentalisation-based treatment (MBT) in borderline personality disorder (BPD) has a growing evidence base, but there is a lack of effectiveness and moderator studies. The present study examined the effectiveness of MBT in a naturalistic setting and explored psychiatric and psychological moderators of outcome. METHOD: Borderline and general psychiatric symptoms, suicidality, self-harm, alexithymia and self-image were measured in a group of BPD patients (n = 75) receiving MBT; assessments were made at baseline, and subsequently after 6, 12 and 18 months (when treatment ended)...
June 11, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Julia Fietz, Noel Valencia, Giorgia Silani
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Our study focused on the general population and explored the relationships between autistic traits and alexithymia, on the one hand, and traits related to depression, anxiety, and stress, on the other, using a multivariate statistical approach. In previous research, autistic traits and alexithymia have been linked to these traits both in clinical populations and in the general population. We also investigated a possible multiplicative effect of autistic traits and alexithymia and attempted to determine which of these two variables is the better predictor for health outcomes...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Micol Parolin, Marina Miscioscia, Pietro De Carli, Patrizia Cristofalo, Michela Gatta, Alessandra Simonelli
Several studies have reported high rates of alexithymia in drug-dependent individuals, but supporting evidence attests association between alexithymia and a variety of psychiatric disorders, raising doubts about its specificity. Moreover, controversies are emerging about alexithymia assessment: self-report measures present shortcomings with respect to discriminant validity and reliability. As regards treatment for substance use disorders (SUDs), alexithymia has been linked to poorer outcomes, but the results are inconsistent...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Eun-Jung Shim, Aram Park, Sung-Pa Park
PURPOSE: The present study compared psychological factors (i.e., alexithymia, somatization, pain catastrophizing (PC), anxiety, and depression) and QOL for headache patients and headache-free individuals, and examined whether somatization and PC mediate the relationship between alexithymia and headache impact in headache patients. METHODS: Study participants consisted of 123 headache patients from an outpatient clinic at a university hospital and 124 headache-free individuals in Daegu, Korea...
June 4, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Endre Visted, Jon Vøllestad, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Elisabeth Schanche
Background: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a highly prevalent, recurrent, and potentially chronic disorder. Identifying risk factors and underlying mechanisms to inform preventive and therapeutic interventions is therefore imperative. Emotion regulation is a proposed factor in the development and maintenance of MDD. The aim of the present review was to summarize and synthesize research on self-reported emotion regulation strategy use and emotion regulation abilities in adults diagnosed with current and remitted MDD...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Sara Bottiroli, Federica Galli, Michele Viana, Grazia Sances, Cristina Tassorelli
Background: Many factors are involved in the prognosis and outcome of Chronic Migraine and Medication Overuse Headache (CM+MOH), and their understanding is a topic of interest. It is well known that CM+MOH patients experience increased psychiatric comorbidity, such as anxiety, depression, or personality disorders. Other psychological factors still need to be explored. The present study is aimed to evaluate whether early life traumatic experiences, stressful life events, and alexithymia can be associated with CM+MOH...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Jenna E Boyd, Alina Protopopescu, Charlene O'Connor, Richard W J Neufeld, Rakesh Jetly, Heather K Hood, Ruth A Lanius, Margaret C McKinnon
Background : Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is associated with significant functional impairment in important areas, including interpersonal relationships and occupational or educational roles. Preliminary evidence suggests that the dissociative subtype of PTSD (PTSD+DS), characterized by marked symptoms of depersonalization and derealization, is associated with increased functional impairment and disease severity, including among military members and veterans diagnosed with PTSD. Similarly, first responders (e...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Jennifer Murphy, Rebecca Brewer, Hannah Hobson, Caroline Catmur, Geoffrey Bird
Interoception, the perception of one's internal state, is commonly quantified using the heartbeat counting task (HCT) - which is thought to be a measure of cardiac interoceptive sensitivity (accuracy). Interoceptive sensitivity has been associated with a number of clinical traits and aspects of higher order cognition, including emotion processing and decision-making. It has been proposed that alexithymia (difficulties identifying and describing one's own emotions) is associated with impaired interoceptive sensitivity, but new research questions this association...
May 24, 2018: Biological Psychology
Esther Fujiwara
Alexithymia refers to difficulties in identifying, differentiating, and describing feelings. This personality trait is highly prevalent in many psychiatric conditions and may drive associated social-emotional problems, including the ability to decode emotions in faces. This study probed alexithymic problems with identifying clear and ambiguous blends of emotions in faces and their underlying visual attention patterns. Using the Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20, students with high alexithymia (HA, n = 73) or low alexithymia (LA, n = 76) were enrolled in this study...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Stefano Magon, Till Sprenger, Alexander Otti, Athina Papadopoulou, Harald Gündel, Michael Noll-Hussong
OBJECTIVE: Chronic pain disorder (CPD) has been associated with brain changes, especially in limbic circuits. However, in the majority of patients with chronic pain, depression or anxiety are common comorbidities. In this exploratory and naturalistic study, we investigated brain cortical thickness differences between patients with CPD and healthy controls, with consideration of concurrent psychiatric symptoms. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with CPD and 23 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers were included in this study...
May 21, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
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