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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775908/mirror-therapy-for-improving-lower-limb-motor-function-and-mobility-after-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
P Broderick, F Horgan, C Blake, M Ehrensberger, D Simpson, K Monaghan
BACKGROUND: Mirror therapy has been proposed as an effective intervention for lower limb rehabilitation post stroke. RESEARCH QUESTION: This systematic review with meta-analysis examined if lower limb mirror therapy improved the primary outcome measures of muscle tone and motor function and the secondary outcome measures balance characteristics, functional ambulation, walking velocity, passive range of motion (PROM) for ankle dorsiflexion and gait characteristics in patients with stroke compared to other interventions...
May 12, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774434/patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-urethral-reconstruction
#2
REVIEW
Nima Baradaran, Lindsay A Hampson, Todd C Edwards, Bryan B Voelzke, Benjamin N Breyer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Treatment of anterior urethral stricture disease (USD) has shifted from endoscopic approaches to urethroplasty with significantly higher success rates among reconstructive urologists. This academic stance has led to a critical evaluation of "success" and developing disease-specific instruments to assess surgical outcomes focusing on patients' satisfaction rather than the historical goal of avoiding secondary procedures. RECENT FINDINGS: Many disease non-specific and/or non-validated patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) have been utilized to evaluate the voiding symptoms and sexual of function of patients after urethroplasty in the literature...
May 17, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772118/proms-for-pain-in-adult-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review-of-measurement-properties
#3
REVIEW
Asma A Abahussin, Robert M West, David C Wong, Lucy E Ziegler
CONTEXT: Pain is one of the most devastating symptoms for cancer patients. One-third of patients who experience pain do not receive effective treatment. A key barrier to effective pain management is lack of routine measurement and monitoring of pain. Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) are recommended for measuring cancer pain. However, evidence to guide the selection of the most appropriate measure to identify and monitor cancer pain is limited. A systematic review of measurement properties of PROMs for pain in cancer patients is needed to identify the best validated measure for adoption to an electronic platform...
May 17, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764452/risk-factors-for-korean-women-to-develop-an-isthmocele-after-a-cesarean-section
#4
I Y Park, M R Kim, H N Lee, Y Gen, M J Kim
BACKGROUND: The increase in number of cesarean section (CS) operations has resulted in an increase in cases of isthmocele development. The objective of this study is to determine the risk factors for isthmocele development after CS. METHODS: Isthmocele measurements were taken for 404 women with a history of at least one low transverse CS. The following potential risk factors were investigated: patient's age at CS, cause of CS, weeks of gestation at CS, premature rupture of membrane (PROM), phase of labor, type suture (single/double layer), operation time, uterine flexion (anteversion/retroversion), and blood transfusion during operation...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764325/responsiveness-of-the-eq-5d-3l-in-elective-shoulder-surgery-does-it-adequately-represent-patient-experience
#5
J Evans, Rupen Dattani, Vijayaraj Ramasamy, Vipul Patel
AIM: Generic patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) allow comparison of health-related quality of life across populations and pathologies. For these comparisons to be valid, the PROM must be responsive; the score must change when the patient's quality of life changes. This study aims to assess the responsiveness of the EQ-5D-three level (3L) in elective shoulder surgery. METHODS: Pre- and post-operative EQ-5D-3L and Oxford Shoulder Scores (OSS) were prospectively collected across a range of 204 elective shoulder surgeries...
May 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760375/effect-of-ankle-range-of-motion-rom-and-lower-extremity-muscle-strength-on-static-balance-control-ability-in-young-adults-a-regression-analysis
#6
Seong-Gil Kim, Wan-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ankle ROM and lower-extremity muscle strength on static balance control ability in young adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS This study was conducted with 65 young adults, but 10 young adults dropped out during the measurement, so 55 young adults (male: 19, female: 36) completed the study. Postural sway (length and velocity) was measured with eyes open and closed, and ankle ROM (AROM and PROM of dorsiflexion and plantarflexion) and lower-extremity muscle strength (flexor and extensor of hip, knee, and ankle joint) were measured...
May 15, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753900/dorsal-longitudinal-t-myelotomy-bischof-ii-technique-a-useful-antiquated-procedure-for-treatment-of-intractable-spastic-paraplegia
#7
Bunpot Sitthinamsuwan, Inthira Khampalikit, Luckchai Phonwijit, Akkapong Nitising, Sarun Nunta-Aree, Sirilak Suksompong
OBJECTIVE: Dorsal longitudinal T-myelotomy is a long-established operation to treat severe spastic paraplegia. The present study aimed to report this surgical technique and investigate the efficacy of T-myelotomy for spasticity relief. METHODS: All cases undergoing T-myelotomy for treatment of intractable spastic paraplegia during 2009-2017 were included. The spasticity severity was evaluated using the Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS), Penn Spasm Frequency Scale (PSFS), Adductor Tone Rating Scale (ATRS), degree of passive range of motion (PROM), and occurrence of abdominal muscle spasms...
May 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753356/measurement-equivalence-of-patient-reported-outcome-measure-response-scale-types-collected-using-bring-your-own-device-compared-to-paper-and-a-provisioned-device-results-of-a-randomized-equivalence-trial
#8
Bill Byrom, Helen Doll, Willie Muehlhausen, Emuella Flood, Cater Cassedy, Bryan McDowell, Jeremy Sohn, Kyle Hogan, Ryan Belmont, Barbara Skerritt, Marie McCarthy
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the measurement equivalence of individual response scale types by using a patient reported outcome measure (PROM) collected on paper and migrated into electronic format for use on the subject's own mobile device (BYOD) and on a provisioned device (site device). METHODS: Subjects suffering from chronic health conditions causing daily pain or discomfort were invited to participate in this single-site, single visit, three-way crossover study...
May 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750153/health-related-quality-of-life-in-pulmonary-hypertension-and-its-clinical-correlates-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Abílio Reis, Mário Santos, Margarida Vicente, Inês Furtado, Célia Cruz, Alzira Melo, Luísa Carvalho, Fabienne Gonçalves, Pedro Sa-Couto, Luís Almeida
Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) impairment is common in pulmonary hypertension (PH), but its clinical predictors are not well established. This study aims to characterize the HRQoL of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and other precapillary forms of PH (pcPH) and to explore its clinical correlates. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, observational study of patients with documented PAH and other forms of pcPH. Patients completed two patient-reported outcome measures (PROM): Cambridge Pulmonary Hypertension Outcome Review (CAMPHOR) and Nottingham Health Profile (NHP)...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749501/placental-protein-14-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-diagnosis-of-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes
#10
Yanyun Wang, Haibo Luo, Guanglu Che, Yanqin Li, Jun Gao, Qiongli Yang, Bin Zhou, Linbo Gao, Tao Wang, Yujie Liang, Lin Zhang
Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is a common pregnancy complication that frequently results in maternal and perinatal morbidity. The present methods for diagnosing PROM do not satisfy clinical requirements. The present study aimed to examine the proteome profile of amniotic fluid (AF) and maternal plasma, screen unique proteins in AF, and evaluate their diagnostic value for diagnosing PROM. The proteome profiles of AF and maternal plasma were examined via liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry‑based proteomic techniques...
May 3, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741482/mortality-risk-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-analysis-of-the-predictive-accuracy-of-the-transcatheter-valve-therapy-registry-risk-assessment-model
#11
Pablo Codner, Waqas Malick, Remi Kouz, Amisha Patel, Cheng-Han Chen, Juan Terre, Uri Landes, Torsten Peter Vahl, Isaac George, Tamim Nazif, Ajay J Kirtane, Omar K Khalique, Rebecca T Hahn, Martin B Leon, Susheel Kodali
AIMS: Risk assessment tools currently used to predict mortality in transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) were designed for patients undergoing cardiac surgery. We aim to assess the accuracy of the TAVI dedicated American College of Cardiology / Transcatheter Valve Therapies (ACC/TVT) risk score in predicting mortality outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients (n=1038) undergoing TAVI at a single institution from 2014 to 2016 were included. The ACC/TVT registry mortality risk score, the Society of Thoracic Surgeons - Patient Reported Outcomes (STS-PROM) score and the EuroSCORE II were calculated for all patients...
May 8, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737972/a-systematic-review-of-patient-reported-outcomes-for-surgically-amenable-epiphora
#12
Christopher B Schulz, Alasdair Kennedy, Simon Rogers
PURPOSE: In evaluating epiphora and its management, the bottom line for all stakeholders is whether an intervention confers any real benefit on quality of life. A review was conducted to identify and appraise patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) in surgically amenable epiphora. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted of studies relating to surgical intervention for epiphora. Patient-reported outcome measures were identified and assessed against standard criteria...
May 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733680/change-in-koos-and-womac-scores-in-a-young-athletic-population-with-and-without-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#13
Ivan J Antosh, Steven J Svoboda, Karen Y Peck, E'Stephan J Garcia, Kenneth L Cameron
BACKGROUND: Several studies have examined changes in patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, but no studies to date have prospectively evaluated changes from preinjury baseline through injury and follow-up among ACL-injured patients compared to the baseline and follow-up changes of uninjured patients. PURPOSE: To examine changes in PROMs over time from preinjury baseline to at least 2 years after ACL reconstruction and to compare these changes with those of an uninjured control group having similar physical activity requirements...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732482/a-systematic-review-of-the-measurement-properties-of-the-european-organisation-for-research-and-treatment-of-cancer-in-patient-satisfaction-with-care-questionnaire-the-eortc-in-patsat32
#14
REVIEW
Koen I Neijenhuijs, Femke Jansen, Neil K Aaronson, Anne Brédart, Mogens Groenvold, Bernhard Holzner, Caroline B Terwee, Pim Cuijpers, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
PURPOSE: The EORTC IN-PATSAT32 is a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) to assess cancer patients' satisfaction with in-patient health care. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the initial good measurement properties of the IN-PATSAT32 are confirmed in new studies. METHODS: Within the scope of a larger systematic review study (Prospero ID 42017057237), a systematic search was performed of Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, and Web of Science for studies that investigated measurement properties of the IN-PATSAT32 up to July 2017...
May 7, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732206/patient-experience-after-transperineal-template-prostate-biopsy-compared-to-prior-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-prostate-biopsy
#15
Nikita R Bhatt, Kieran Breen, Usman M Haroon, Muhammad Akram, Hugh D Flood, Subhasis K Giri
Introduction: Transperineal template prostate biopsy (TTPB) is reported to have higher cancer detection and lower complication rate compared to transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy (TRUSPB).However, there is no report of the same patient's experience with both types of biopsy.To compare the patient reported experience in the same cohort of patients who underwent both TRUSPB and TTPB, using validated questionnaires. Material and methods: We retrospectively utilised the Patient Reported Outcome Methods (PROM) tool validated for TRUSPB and the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) questionnaire to collect longitudinal data at follow-up in the same cohort of patients who underwent both TTPB and TRUSPB between January 2015 and February 2016...
2018: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731320/the-largest-survivorship-and-clinical-outcomes-study-of-the-fixed-bearing-stryker-triathlon-partial-knee-replacement-a-multi-surgeon-single-centre-cohort-study-with-a-minimum-of-two-years-of-follow-up
#16
S W F Middleton, P J Schranz, V I Mandalia, A D Toms
BACKGROUND: The surgical management of isolated medial compartment degenerative disease of the knee causes debate. Unicompartmental arthroplasty options include fixed and mobile bearing implant designs with fixed bearing becoming increasingly popular. We present the largest cohort of a fixed bearing single radius design, Stryker Triathlon Partial Knee Replacement (PKR). METHODS: We prospectively collected demographic data and patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) on our cohort of PKR implants since its adoption in our unit, 2009 until March 2015...
May 3, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730459/are-patient-reported-outcome-measures-biased-by-method-of-follow-up-evaluating-paper-based-and-digital-follow-up-after-lumbar-fusion-surgery
#17
Marc L Schröder, Marlies P de Wispelaere, Victor E Staartjes
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Long-term follow-up of patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) is essential in both modern spinal care as well as in research. Lack of time and staff are commonly reported barriers to implementing long-term follow-up of PROM. Automated and digital follow-up systems for PROM collection are seeing widespread use, yet their validity and comparative effectiveness have never been evaluated. PURPOSE: To assess the validity of digital follow-up systems in comparison with the conventional paper-based follow-up...
May 3, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730220/assessing-the-outcome-of-hip-arthroscopy-for-labral-tears-in-femoroacetabular-impingement-using-the-minimum-dataset-of-the-british-non-arthroplasty-hip-register-a-single-surgeon-experience
#18
Julian F Maempel, Jason Z Ting, Paul Gaston
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess changes in British Non-arthroplasty Hip Register (NAHR) minimum dataset (MDS) patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) after hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and define the relation between these and patient satisfaction. Secondary aims included exploring the impact of patient characteristics (age, sex, and social deprivation status) on MDS PROMs and satisfaction and determining the Net Promoter Score for hip arthroscopy for FAI...
May 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729475/can-we-assess-the-success-of-surgery-for-degenerative-spinal-diseases-by-using-patients-recall-of-their-preoperative-status
#19
Ricardo Rodrigues, Pedro Santos Silva, Marisa Cunha, Rui Vaz, Paulo Pereira
BACKGROUND: Patients' recall of their preoperative status is seldom used to assess surgical outcomes because of concerns of inaccuracy and bias. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to measure the significance of this recall bias and its repercussion on patients' recollection of their preoperative status. METHODS: Patients submitted to surgery due to degenerative spine diseases during the period of one year (n=198) were included in this study...
May 2, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727786/the-association-between-cervical-inflammation-and-histologic-evidence-of-hpv-in-pap-smears-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcome-in-low-risk-population
#20
Maya Nimrodi, Vered Kleitman, Tamar Wainstock, Ofer Gemer, Michai Meirovitz, Eli Maymon, Neta Benshalom-Tirosh, Offer Erez
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies suggest an association between Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection, cervical inflammation and obstetric complications (i.e. spontaneous preterm parturition and cervical insufficiency). It has been proposed that viral inflammation of the placenta causes changes in the mother's immune reaction to bacterial pathogens, which leads to enhanced inflammatory reaction and preterm delivery. Therefore, the aim of this population-based study was to determine the association between abnormal cervical cytology prior to pregnancy and obstetric outcomes...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
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