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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938751/new-permeable-cryoprotectant-free-vitrification-method-for-native-human-sperm
#1
J Aizpurua, L Medrano, M Enciso, J Sarasa, A Romero, M A Fernández, M J Gómez-Torres
STUDY QUESTION: Is permeable cryoprotectant-free vitrification of native sperm samples a good alternative to conventional slow freezing? SUMMARY ANSWER: The permeable cryoprotectant-free sperm vitrification protocol tested in this study renders considerably better recovery rates of good quality sperm compared to slow freezing. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Slow freezing is currently the most commonly used technique for sperm cryopreservation, though this method has been repeatedly shown to have negative effects on both structural and functional sperm features...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938744/an-improved-ivm-method-for-cumulus-oocyte-complexes-from-small-follicles-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-patients-enhances-oocyte-competence-and-embryo-yield
#2
F Sánchez, F Lolicato, S Romero, M De Vos, H Van Ranst, G Verheyen, E Anckaert, J E J Smitz
STUDY QUESTION: Are meiotic and developmental competence of human oocytes from small (2-8 mm) antral follicles improved by applying an optimized IVM method involving a prematuration step in presence of C-Type Natriuretic Peptide (CNP) followed by a maturation step in presence of FSH and Amphiregulin (AREG)? SUMMARY ANSWER: A strategy involving prematuration culture (PMC) in the presence of CNP followed by IVM using FSH + AREG increases oocyte maturation potential leading to a higher availability of Day 3 embryos and good-quality blastocysts for single embryo transfer...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938738/resolution-of-infertility-and-number-of-children-1386-couples-followed-for-a-median-of-13-years
#3
A A Righarts, A Gray, N P Dickson, L Parkin, W R Gillett
STUDY QUESTION: How common were children among infertile couples? SUMMARY ANSWER: A total of 61.7% of infertile couples presenting for care subsequently had live born children 13.1 years after first being clinically assessed, with a mean of 1.7 children among those who had at least one. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: While the prognoses for infertile couples undertaking specific treatments have been well described, less is known about those not undergoing these treatments or the total number of children...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938712/invited-commentary-the-need-for-cognitive-science-in-methodology
#4
Sander Greenland
There is no complete solution for the problem of abuse of statistics, but methodological training needs to cover cognitive biases and other psychosocial factors affecting inferences. The present paper discusses 3 common cognitive distortions: 1) dichotomania, the compulsion to perceive quantities as dichotomous even when dichotomization is unnecessary and misleading, as in inferences based on whether a P value is "statistically significant"; 2) nullism, the tendency to privilege the hypothesis of no difference or no effect when there is no scientific basis for doing so, as when testing only the null hypothesis; and 3) statistical reification, treating hypothetical data distributions and statistical models as if they reflect known physical laws rather than speculative assumptions for thought experiments...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938697/intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-dosimetric-and-clinical-results
#5
REVIEW
Sun Hyun Bae, Won Il Jang, Hee Chul Park
Since the introduction of 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT), new radiotherapy techniques have expanded the indication of radiotherapy for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), from the hitherto palliative to a now curative-intent purpose. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), currently the most advanced radiotherapy technique, is considered an attractive option for the treatment of HCC, and is more widely applied because it can deliver a higher dose to the tumor than 3DCRT while sparing surrounding normal organs...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938682/mental-health-of-the-old-and-new-generation-migrant-workers-in-china-who-are-at-greater-risk-for-psychological-distress
#6
Bao-Liang Zhong, Sandra S M Chan, Tie-Bang Liu, Dong Jin, Chi-Yi Hu, Helen F K Chiu
Rural-to-urban migrant workers (MWs) are a large vulnerable population in China and, recently, the new-generation MWs (those born in 1980 or later) have become the majority of this population. Examining difference in the epidemiology of poor mental health between the new- and old-generation (those born before 1980) MWs would facilitate mental health promotion efforts. However, very few related studies are available and they produced conflicting findings. This study investigated intergenerational difference in prevalence and correlates of psychological distress (PD) in MWs...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938681/high-mucin-5ac-expression-predicts-adverse-postoperative-recurrence-and-survival-of-patients-with-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#7
Haijian Zhang, Yidong Liu, Huyang Xie, Weisi Liu, Qiang Fu, Dengfu Yao, Jiejie Xu, Jianxin Gu
BACKGROUND: Mucin 5AC (MUC5AC), as a member of secreted/gel-forming mucin family, was frequently found to be abnormally expressed in inflammation or malignant diseases. However, the clinic pathologic features and prognostic values of MUC5AC in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) have not been reported up to now. METHODS: MUC5AC expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays. Kaplan-Meier survival curves, Univariate and Multivariate Cox analysis and newly-established nomogram model were performed to evaluate the prognostic value...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938661/efficacy-and-safety-of-accelerated-partial-breast-irradiation-a-meta-analysis-of-published-randomized-studies
#8
Gengchun Liu, Zhongyi Dong, Baqun Huang, Yuelong Liu, Yan Tang, Qing Li, Yihui Zhu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) technology has theoretical advantages in comparison with traditional adjuvant radiation therapy (whole-breast irradiation; WBI) after breast-conserving surgery. However, published randomized controlled trials have shown inconsistent outcomes. Therefore, a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness and safety of APBI technology is needed. RESULTS: A total of 7 studies of 7452 patients were included in this analysis...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938648/a-novel-lncrna-ll22nc03-n64e9-1-represses-klf2-transcription-through-binding-with-ezh2-in-colorectal-cancer
#9
Yifan Lian, Changsheng Yan, Jie Ding, Rui Xia, Zhonghua Ma, Bingqing Hui, Hao Ji, Jing Zhou, Keming Wang
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) have been implicated in variety human cancer but their mechanisms of function are mainly undocumented. In the present study, we investigated lncRNAs alteration that contributed to colorectal cancer (CRC) by utilizing TCGA RNA sequencing data and other publicly available lncRNAs expression profiling data. Here, We screened out the CRC-associated lncRNA LL22NC03-N64E9.1, a key regulator of CRC development and progression. We also revealed that knockdown of LL22NC03-N64E9.1 inhibited cell proliferation, colony formation, tumorigenicity and apoptosis promotion, both in vitro and in vivo...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938647/long-non-coding-rna-malat1-for-promoting-metastasis-and-proliferation-by-acting-as-a-cerna-of-mir-144-3p-in-osteosarcoma-cells
#10
Yong Wang, Yueyang Zhang, Tao Yang, Wei Zhao, Ningning Wang, Pengcheng Li, Xiandong Zeng, Weiguo Zhang
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in various biological processes and diseases including osteosarcoma. Long non-coding RNA metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) is overly expressed in osteosarcoma. But the function and mechanism it works on in osteosarcoma proliferation and metastasis mediated by Rho associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase 1 (ROCK1) and Rho associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase 2 (ROCK2) remain unclear. In the present study, an elevated MALAT1 was found in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines, and the elevated MALAT1 was correlated with a poor prognosis in osteosarcoma patients...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938639/spondin2-is-a-new-prognostic-biomarker-for-lung-adenocarcinoma
#11
Xiaopeng Yuan, Tingting Bian, Jian Liu, Honggang Ke, Jia Feng, Qing Zhang, Li Qian, Xiaoli Li, Yifei Liu, Jianguo Zhang
Spondin 2 (SPON2) is a member of the F-spondin superfamily of genes that encode an extracellular matrix protein. SPON2 has been identified by mRNA differential display screening of cancerous and noncancerous lung cell lines in vitro [1], however, its role in pulmonary adenocarcinoma (ADC) patients remains unclear. In our study, we evaluated whether SPON2 can be used as a biomarker for the diagnosis of pulmonary ADC and any association between SPON2 protein levels and clinicopathological characteristics. Firstly, the mRNA levels of SPON2 in pulmonary ADCs and normal adjacent tissue samples were detected by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) (n = 60) assay and the expression of SPON2 protein were detected by tissue microarray immunohistochemistry analysis (TMA-IHC) (n = 280)...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938636/patz1-is-a-new-prognostic-marker-of-glioblastoma-associated-with-the-stem-like-phenotype-and-enriched-in-the-proneural-subtype
#12
Elia Guadagno, Michela Vitiello, Paola Francesca, Gaetano Calì, Federica Caponnetto, Daniela Cesselli, Simona Camorani, Giorgio Borrelli, Marialuisa Califano, Paolo Cappabianca, Claudio Arra, Elvira Crescenzi, Laura Cerchia, Maria Laura Del Basso De Caro, Monica Fedele
Glioblastoma (GBM), the most malignant of the brain tumors, has been classified on the basis of molecular signature into four subtypes: classical, mesenchymal, proneural and neural, among which the mesenchymal and proneural subtypes have the shortest and longest survival, respectively. Here we show that the transcription factor PATZ1 gene is upregulated in gliomas compared to normal brain and, among GBMs, is particularly enriched in the proneural subtype and co-localize with stemness markers. Accordingly, in GBM-derived glioma-initiating stem cells (GSCs) PATZ1 is overexpressed compared to differentiated tumor cells and its expression significantly correlates with the characteristic stem cell capacity to grow as neurospheres in vitro...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938634/a-novel-predictive-model-using-routinely-clinical-parameters-to-predict-liver-fibrosis-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#13
Jian Wang, Xiaomin Yan, Yue Yang, Haiyan Chang, Bei Jia, Xiang-An Zhao, Guangmei Chen, Juan Xia, Yong Liu, Yuxin Chen, Guiyang Wang, Li Wang, Zhaoping Zhang, Weimao Ding, Rui Huang, Chao Wu
OBJECTIVES: Noninvasive models have been established for the assessment of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B(CHB). However, the predictive performance of these established models remains inconclusive. We aimed to develop a novel predictive model for liver fibrosis in CHB based on routinely clinical parameters. RESULTS: Platelets(PLT), the standard deviation of red blood cell distribution width(RDW-SD), alkaline phosphatase(ALP) and globulin were independent predictors of significant fibrosis by multivariable analysis...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938620/pathological-expression-of-tissue-factor-confers-promising-antitumor-response-to-a-novel-therapeutic-antibody-sc1-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-and-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#14
Xuesai Zhang, Qingrou Li, Hui Zhao, Lanping Ma, Tao Meng, Jianchang Qian, Rui Jin, Jingkang Shen, Ker Yu
The pathological presence of tissue factor (TF) in cancer cells promotes tumor-initiated thrombosis and cancer metastasis. We found that TF is aberrantly present in large percentage of aggressive triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) and pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PaC), two most lethal forms of malignancy that urgently need effective treatment. TF expression in TNBC clustered with higher levels of vimentin, basal-type keratins KRT5/14 and caveolin-1 but lower levels of luminal-type biomarkers. We developed a novel and specific anti-TF therapeutic antibody SC1, which displayed an exceedingly high potency against TF extracellular domain (EC50: 0...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938616/identification-of-potential-cancer-related-pseudogenes-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-based-on-cerna-hypothesis
#15
Yunzhen Wei, Zhiqiang Chang, Cheng Wu, Yinling Zhu, Kun Li, Yan Xu
Pseudogenes are initially regarded as non-functional genomic fossils resulted from inactivating gene mutations during evolution. Far from being silent, pseudogenes are proved to regulate the expression of protein-coding genes through function as microRNA sponge in vivo. The aim of our study was to propose an integrative systems biology approach to identify disease pseudogenes base on competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) hypothesis. Here, we applied our method to lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) RNASeq data from TCGA and identified 33 candidate pseudogenes...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938607/hgfl-mediated-ron-signaling-supports-breast-cancer-stem-cell-phenotypes-via-activation-of-non-canonical-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#16
Sasha J Ruiz-Torres, Nancy M Benight, Rebekah A Karns, Elyse E Lower, Jun-Lin Guan, Susan E Waltz
Breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs), which drive tumor progression, recurrence, and metastasis, are considered a major challenge for breast cancer treatments, thus the discovery of novel pathways regulating BCSC maintenance remains essential to develop new strategies to effectively target this population and combat disease mortality. The HGFL-RON signaling is overexpressed in human breast cancers and is associated with increased breast cancer progression, metastasis, and poor prognosis. Here, we report that overexpression of RON/MST1R and HGFL/MST1 in cell lines and primary tumors increases BCSC self-renewal, numbers, and tumorigenic potential after syngeneic transplantation...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938601/mutation-profile-based-methods-for-understanding-selection-forces-in-cancer-somatic-mutations-a-comparative-analysis
#17
Zhan Zhou, Yangyun Zou, Gangbiao Liu, Jingqi Zhou, Jingcheng Wu, Shimin Zhao, Zhixi Su, Xun Gu
Human genes exhibit different effects on fitness in cancer and normal cells. Here, we present an evolutionary approach to measure the selection pressure on human genes, using the well-known ratio of the nonsynonymous to synonymous substitution rate in both cancer genomes (CN /CS ) and normal populations (pN /pS ). A new mutation-profile-based method that adopts sample-specific mutation rate profiles instead of conventional substitution models was developed. We found that cancer-specific selection pressure is quite different from the selection pressure at the species and population levels...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938594/microrna-expression-levels-as-diagnostic-biomarkers-for-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm
#18
Lei Wang, Jianming Zheng, Chang Sun, Li Wang, Gang Jin, Lei Xin, Zhendong Jin, Dong Wang, Zhaoshen Li
Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) are deadly exocrine mucinous tumors. Currently the molecular features and diagnostic markers of IPMNs are not well understood. In this study, we performed microRNA (miRNA) profiling assays to study the potential roles of miRNAs in IPMNs using 78 cases of IPMN patients and controls. When comparing the miRNA expression between IPMN patient samples and controls, we found that miR-210, miR-223, miR-221, miR-155 and miR-187 were differentially expressed in normal pancreas and IPMNs...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938587/transcriptomic-profiles-of-human-foreskin-fibroblast-cells-in-response-to-orf-virus
#19
Daxiang Chen, Mingjian Long, Bin Xiao, Yufeng Xiong, Huiqin Chen, Yu Chen, Zhenzhan Kuang, Ming Li, Yingsong Wu, Daniel L Rock, Daoyuan Gong, Yong Wang, Haijian He, Fang Liu, Shuhong Luo, Wenbo Hao
Orf virus has been utilized as a safe and efficient viral vector against not only diverse infectious diseases, but also against tumors. However, the nature of the genes triggered by the vector in human cells is poorly characterized. Using RNA sequencing technology, we compared specific changes in the transcriptomic profiles in human foreskin fibroblast cells following infection by the orf virus. The results indicated that orf virus upregulates or downregulates expression of a variety of genes, including genes involved in antiviral immune response, apoptosis, cell cycle and a series of signaling pathways, such as the IFN and p53-signaling pathways...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938564/microrna-signatures-predict-prognosis-of-patients-with-glioblastoma-multiforme-through-the-cancer-genome-atlas
#20
Ying Yuan, Hua Zhang, Xuexia Liu, Zhongming Lu, Guojun Li, Meixia Lu, Xiaofeng Tao
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play major roles in various biological processes and have been implicated in the pathogenesis and malignant progression of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). The aim of this study was to assess the predictive values of miRNAs for overall survival (OS) of patients with GBM. MiRNA expression profiles and clinical information of 563 GBM patients were obtained from the Cancer Genome Atlas. The most significantly altered miRNAs were identified and miRNA expression profiles were performed, through principal component analysis, the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator method...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
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