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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655580/canadian-association-of-radiologists-white-paper-on-artificial-intelligence-in-radiology
#1
REVIEW
An Tang, Roger Tam, Alexandre Cadrin-Chênevert, Will Guest, Jaron Chong, Joseph Barfett, Leonid Chepelev, Robyn Cairns, J Ross Mitchell, Mark D Cicero, Manuel Gaudreau Poudrette, Jacob L Jaremko, Caroline Reinhold, Benoit Gallix, Bruce Gray, Raym Geis
Artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly moving from an experimental phase to an implementation phase in many fields, including medicine. The combination of improved availability of large datasets, increasing computing power, and advances in learning algorithms has created major performance breakthroughs in the development of AI applications. In the last 5 years, AI techniques known as deep learning have delivered rapidly improving performance in image recognition, caption generation, and speech recognition...
April 11, 2018: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652175/the-work-programme-of-neris-in-post-accident-recovery
#2
T Schneider, S Andronopoulos, J Camps, T Duranova, E Gallego, F Gering, O Isnard, M Maître, C Murith, D Oughton, W Raskob
NERIS is the European platform on preparedness for nuclear and radiological emergency response and recovery. Created in 2010 with 57 organisations from 28 different countries, the objectives of the platform are to: improve the effectiveness and coherency of current approaches to preparedness; identify further development needs; improve 'know how' and technical expertise; and establish a forum for dialogue and methodological development. The NERIS Strategic Research Agenda is now structured with three main challenges: (i) radiological impact assessments during all phases of nuclear and radiological events; (ii) countermeasures and countermeasure strategies in emergency and recovery, decision support, and disaster informatics; and (iii) setting up a multi-faceted framework for preparedness for emergency response and recovery...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628698/drug-resistant-skeletal-tuberculosis-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-south-india
#3
J Arockiaraj, G S Balaji, V M Cherian, Jepegnanam T S, B P Thomas, Joy S Michael, P M Poonnoose
Back ground: Drug resistant tuberculosis is alarmingly on the rise especially in developing countries. Skeletal tuberculosis accounts up to 10% of all extra pulmonary tuberculosis. World Health Organisation (WHO) has not formulated guidelines for the management of Multi-drug resistant skeletal tuberculosis. Results: A retrospective analysis of patients treated for musculoskeletal tuberculosis was done, to study drug resistance patterns. The outcome was assessed both clinically and radiologically...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618124/microsurgical-resection-of-a-large-intraventricular-trigonal-tumor-3-dimensional-operative-video
#4
Chun-Yu Cheng, Rakshith Shetty, Laligam N Sekhar
A 62-yr-old woman presented with incidentally detected left trigonal mass by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed during workup for left-sided hearing loss and vertigo of 5-yr duration. Due to persistent dizziness, headache, and progressive enlargement of the tumor in follow-up scans, operation was planned. Because the tumor extended superiorly, a superior parietal lobule approach was selected.She underwent a left parietal craniotomy. A strip electrode was used to localize the motor and sensory regions, and neuronavigation was used to confirm the entry site...
March 30, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617905/microvascular-decompression-of-facial-nerve-and-pexy-of-the-left-vertebral-artery-for-left-hemifacial-spasm-3-dimensional-operative-video
#5
Chun-Yu Cheng, Rakshith Shetty, Vicente Martinez, Laligam N Sekhar
A 73-yr-old man presented with intractable left hemifacial spasm of 4 yr duration. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed significant compression of left facial nerve by the left vertebral artery (VA) and anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA).The patient underwent a left retrosigmoid craniotomy and a microvascular decompression of the cranial nerve (CN) VII. Intraoperatively, we found that the distal AICA had a protracted subarcuate extradural course.1 This was relieved by intra/extradural dissection...
March 29, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615360/abr-psychometric-testing-analysis-of-validity-and-effects
#6
Lincoln L Berland, Nancy W Berland, Matthew W Berland
Changes in the certification program of the ABR were first described in some detail in 2008 and have since undergone refinements. Controversies surrounding these changes have included the relevance of test questions, costs, effects of altering the examination scheduling, residency program curriculum changes, and issues related to preparing for the examinations. However, the role of psychometric testing in radiology itself, as the technical foundation for the new ABR Core and Certification Examinations, has undergone less scrutiny...
March 31, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609952/rethinking-the-pgy-1-basic-clinical-year-a-canadian-national-survey-of-its-educational-value-for-diagnostic-radiology-residents
#7
Kathryn E Darras, Abigail A Arnold, Colin Mar, Bruce B Forster, Linda Probyn, Silvia D Chang
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Recently, the relevance of the postgraduate year 1 (PGY-1) Basic Clinical Year for radiology residents has been questioned. The purpose of this study was to determine the attitude of radiologists and trainees toward this year and which clinical rotations they perceived as most valuable to clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following institutional review board approval, an anonymous online survey was administered to Canadian radiologists and radiology trainees...
March 30, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606340/vital-signs-in-radiologic-education-creativity-innovation-and-change
#8
EDITORIAL
Priscilla J Slanetz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604434/fasting-plasma-glucose-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-and-the-risk-of-first-time-venous-thromboembolism-a-report-from-the-veins-cohort-study
#9
Magdalena Johansson, Marcus Lind, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Eva Fhärm, Lars Johansson
INTRODUCTION: It remains unclear whether high plasma glucose levels are associated with venous thromboembolism (VTE). This study investigated the association between fasting plasma glucose (FPG), oral glucose tolerance test (two-hour post-load plasma glucose (2HPG)), diabetes, and VTE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The population-based, prospective Venous thromboEmbolism In Northern Sweden (VEINS) cohort study included 108,025 residents of Västerbotten County in northern Sweden...
March 27, 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602835/assessing-the-health-effects-associated-with-occupational-radiation-exposure-in-korean-radiation-workers-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Songwon Seo, Wan Young Lim, Dal Nim Lee, Jung Un Kim, Eun Shil Cha, Ye Jin Bang, Won Jin Lee, Sunhoo Park, Young Woo Jin
INTRODUCTION: The cancer risk of radiation exposure in the moderate-to-high dose range has been well established. However, the risk remains unclear at low-dose ranges with protracted low-dose rate exposure, which is typical of occupational exposure. Several epidemiological studies of Korean radiation workers have been conducted, but the data were analysed retrospectively in most cases. Moreover, groups with relatively high exposure, such as industrial radiographers, have been neglected...
March 30, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599010/toward-augmented-radiologists-changes-in-radiology-education-in-the-era-of-machine-learning-and-artificial-intelligence
#11
Shahein H Tajmir, Tarik K Alkasab
Radiology practice will be altered by the coming of artificial intelligence, and the process of learning in radiology will be similarly affected. In the short term, radiologists will need to understand the first wave of artificially intelligent tools, how they can help them improve their practice, and be able to effectively supervise their use. Radiology training programs will need to develop curricula to help trainees acquire the knowledge to carry out this new supervisory duty of radiologists. In the longer term, artificially intelligent software assistants could have a transformative effect on the training of residents and fellows, and offer new opportunities to bring learning into the ongoing practice of attending radiologists...
March 26, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594817/highlights-from-the-scientific-and-educational-abstracts-presented-at-the-aser-2017-annual-scientific-meeting-and-postgraduate-course
#12
Sudheer Balakrishnan
The annual meeting of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) took place in Toronto, Canada, on September 6 through September 9, 2017. Attendees represented the USA as well as international emergency radiology communities, including those from academic, private practice, and teleradiology settings. There were several "members in training" in attendance as well. The meeting again featured the "Trauma Head to Toe" 2-day didactic course, highlighting various important topics on imaging of traumatic injuries...
March 29, 2018: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594463/traumatic-brain-injury-in-indian-children
#13
REVIEW
Krishna Chaitanya, Archana Addanki, Rajendra Karambelkar, Rakesh Ranjan
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children and adolescents is a community-based medical and educational challenge world-over due to increasing urbanization and motorization. In India, children between 1 to 15 years constitute significant proportion of the total population, who are vulnerable for TBI. In developed countries, pediatric trauma mortality still represents more than half of all childhood fatalities, which is 18 times more common than brain tumors. In this study, we attempted to analyze epidemiological factors, management, and outcome of TBI in children at a tertiary care center in Pune, Maharashtra...
March 29, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580789/designing-a-curriculum-for-professionalism-and-ethics-within-radiology-identifying-challenges-and-expectations
#14
REVIEW
Aine Marie Kelly, Patricia B Mullan
Although professionalism and ethics represent required competencies, they are more challenging than other competencies to design a curriculum for and teach. Reasons include variability in agreed definitions of professionalism within medicine and radiology. This competency is also framed differently whether as roles, duties, actions, skills, behavior, beliefs, and attitudes. Standardizing a curriculum in professionalism is difficult because each learner's (medical student/resident) professional experiences and interactions will be unique...
March 23, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580346/head-ct-before-transfer-does-not-decrease-time-to-craniotomy-for-tbi-patients
#15
Peter M Tonui, Sarah K Spilman, Carlos A Pelaez, Mark R Mankins, Richard A Sidwell
Rural trauma education emphasizes that radiologic imaging should be discouraged if it delays transfer to definitive care. With increased capacity for image sharing, however, radiography obtained at referring hospitals (RH) could help providers at trauma centers (TC) prepare for patients with traumatic brain injury. We evaluated whether a head CT prior to transfer accelerated time to neurosurgical intervention at the TC. The study was conducted at a combined adult Level I and pediatric Level II TC with a catchment area that includes rural hospitals within a 150 mile radius...
February 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573938/teaching-radiology-trainees-from-the-perspective-of-a-millennial
#16
Po-Hao Chen, Mary H Scanlon
The millennial generation consists of today's medical students, radiology residents, fellows, and junior staff. Millennials' comfort with immersive technology, high expectations for success, and desire for constant feedback differentiate them from previous generations. Drawing from an author's experiences through radiology residency and fellowship as a millennial, from published literature, and from the mentorship of a long-time radiology educator, this article explores educational strategies that embrace these characteristics to engage today's youngest generation both in and out of the reading room...
March 21, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573935/diagnostic-radiology-resident-recruitment-part-ii-advice-to-applicants-from-vice-chairs-for-education
#17
Mark E Mullins, Arash Anavim, Lori A Deitte, Theresa C McLoud, Charles S Resnik
Applicants to diagnostic radiology residencies often obtain advice regarding the process, typically from local individuals. Materials available on the Internet contribute to this process as well. We are a group of current and former Diagnostic Radiology Residency Program Directors and current Vice Chairs for Education who commonly advise medical students, including regarding radiology as a career. This work is meant to provide a "plain talk" resource for those considering a career in radiology via a radiology residency, written from the point of view of an advisor with lots of experience...
March 21, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571525/possibilities-of-the-three-dimensional-virtual-environment-tridimensional-second-life%C3%A2-for-training-in-radiology
#18
R Lorenzo Álvarez, J Pavía Molina, F Sendra Portero
Three-dimensional virtual environments enable very realistic ludic, social, cultural, and educational activities to be carried out online. Second Life® is one of the most well-known virtual environments, in which numerous training activities have been developed for healthcare professionals, although none about radiology. The aim of this article is to present the technical resources and educational activities that Second Life® offers for training in radiology based on our experience since 2011 with diverse training activities for undergraduate and postgraduate students...
March 20, 2018: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569960/is-there-a-superior-simulator-for-human-anatomy-education-how-virtual-dissection-can-overcome-the-anatomic-and-pedagogic-limitations-of-cadaveric-dissection
#19
Kathryn E Darras, Anique B H de Bruin, Savvas Nicolaou, Nils Dahlström, Anders Persson, Jeroen van Merriënboer, Bruce B Forster
Educators must select the best tools to teach anatomy to future physicians and traditionally, cadavers have always been considered the "gold standard" simulator for living anatomy. However, new advances in technology and radiology have created new teaching tools, such as virtual dissection, which provide students with new learning opportunities. Virtual dissection is a novel way of studying human anatomy through patient computed tomography (CT) scans. Through touchscreen technology, students can work together in groups to "virtually dissect" the CT scans to better understand complex anatomic relationships...
March 23, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569214/esr-paper-on-the-proper-use-of-mobile-devices-in-radiology
#20
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Mobile devices (smartphones, tablets, etc.) have become key methods of communication, data access and data sharing for the population in the past decade. The technological capabilities of these devices have expanded very rapidly; for example, their in-built cameras have largely replaced conventional cameras. Their processing power is often sufficient to handle the large data sets of radiology studies and to manipulate images and studies directly on hand-held devices. Thus, they can be used to transmit and view radiology studies, often in locations remote from the source of the imaging data...
March 22, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
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