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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456226/three-cases-of-prune-belly-syndrome-at-the-lagos-state-university-teaching-hospital-ikeja
#1
Adaobi U Solarin, Elizabeth A Disu, Henry O Gbelee, Adeola B Animasahaun, Oluwatosin E Aremu, Eucharia Ogbuokiri, Gbemisola O Ogunnaike, Alaba Oladimeji
Prune belly syndrome (PBS) is a rare congenital disorder affecting 2.5 to 3.8/100,000 live births worldwide. Our objective of this report is to describe clinical manifestation, laboratory, and radiological characteristics of PBS in our patients, to highlight the limitations to offering appropriate patient care due to parents demanding discharge against medical advice and the need to increase the awareness regarding this rare disease. We report three cases; all referred after birth with lax abdominal wall, congenital anomalies of kidney, and urinary tract...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455699/existing-approaches-to-chemical-biological-radiological-and-nuclear-cbrn-education-and-training-for-health-professionals-findings-from-an-integrative-literature-review
#2
Mayumi Kako, Karen Hammad, Satoko Mitani, Paul Arbon
OBJECTIVES: This review was conducted to explore the literature to determine the availability, content, and evaluation of existing chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) education programs for health professionals. METHODS: An integrative review of the international literature describing disaster education for CBRN (2004-2016) was conducted. The following relevant databases were searched: Proquest, Pubmed, Science Direct, Scopus, Journals @ OVID, Google Scholar, Medline, and Ichuschi ver...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447382/randomized-controlled-trial-of-acupuncture-for-women-with-fibromyalgia-group-acupuncture-with-traditional-chinese-medicine-diagnosis-based-point-selection
#3
Scott D Mist, Kim Dupree Jones
Background: Group acupuncture is a growing and cost-effective method for delivering acupuncture in the United States and is the practice model in China. However, group acupuncture has not been tested in a research setting. Objective: To test the treatment effect of group acupuncture vs group education in persons with fibromyalgia. Design: Random allocation two-group study with repeated measures. Setting: Group clinic in an academic health center in Portland, Oregon...
February 13, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446673/a-systematic-review-of-fatigue-in-radiology-is-it-a-problem
#4
Nadia Stec, Danielle Arje, Alan R Moody, Elizabeth A Krupinski, Pascal N Tyrrell
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review current literature regarding radiologist fatigue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was performed using PubMed. Key words and Medical Subject Heading terms were used to generate refined queries with inclusion and exclusion criteria, focusing on fatigue and error. Results were selected according to these criteria: examined radiologist fatigue and radiologic error stemming from fatigue; experimental results measured as accuracy, error, or performance; and peer-reviewed publication...
February 15, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442152/pediatric-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-the-united-states-a-survey-by-the-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-task-force-of-the-society-for-pediatric-radiology
#5
Susan J Back, Carolina Maya, Kassa Darge, Patricia T Acharya, Carol E Barnewolt, Jamie L Coleman, Jonathan R Dillman, Lynn Ansley Fordham, Misun Hwang, Annie Lim, M Beth McCarville, Marthe M Munden, Harriet J Paltiel, Frank M Volberg
BACKGROUND: The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved an ultrasound (US) contrast agent for intravenous and intravesical administration in children. OBJECTIVE: Survey the usage, interest in and barriers for contrast-enhanced US among pediatric radiologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound Task Force of the Society for Pediatric Radiology (SPR) surveyed the membership of the SPR in January 2017 regarding their current use and opinions about contrast-enhanced US in pediatrics...
February 13, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432945/utility-of-3d-printed-models-in-enhancing-the-learning-curve-of-surgery-of-tuberculum-sellae-meningioma
#6
De-Zhi Kang, Ping Chen, Qing-Song Lin, Yuan-Xiang Lin, Xi-Yue Wu, Pei-Sen Yao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of 3D printed models with pathological entities in enhancing the learning curve of surgery of tuberculum sellae meningioma. METHODS: We printed four 3D printed models of tuberculum sellae meningiomas based on radiological data using a 3D printer. Participants were allocated to 3D group and atlas group. In the 3D group, participants learned surgery with the assistance of 3D models. In the atlas group, participants used only two-dimensional materials to assist their learning...
February 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428182/online-interactive-case-based-instruction-in-prostate-magnetic-resonance-imaging-interpretation-using-prostate-imaging-and-reporting-data-system-version-2-effect-for-novice-readers
#7
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Jovan Begovic, Antonio Pires, Eugene Won, Samir S Taneja, James S Babb
PURPOSE: To assess the effect on reader performance of an interactive case-based online tutorial for prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) interpretation using Prostate Imaging and Reporting Data System (PI-RADS). METHODS: An educational website was developed incorporating scrollable multiparametric prostate MRI examinations with annotated solutions based on PI-RADS version 2. Three second-year radiology residents evaluated a separate set of 60 prostate MRI examinations both before and after review of the online case material, identifying and scoring dominant lesions...
January 10, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424560/validation-of-montreal-cognitive-assessment-basic-in-a-sample-of-elderly-egyptians-with-neurocognitive-disorders
#8
Alia Adel Saleh, Rasha Saad Abd El Hamid Ali Alkholy, Ola Osama Khalaf, Noha Ahmed Sabry, Hanan Amer, Shaimaa El-Jaafary, Mohamed Abd El Fatah Khalil
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Montreal Cognitive Assessment-Basic (MoCA-B) is a modified version of the MoCA that is especially suitable for use in elderly subjects with low education. The Authors translated the tool into Arabic and they aimed at validation of this tool in a sample of elderly Egyptians. METHODS: The study included 93 patients, 60 years and older, fulfilling the DSM-5 criteria of Mild Neurocognitive Disorder (NCD) (39 patients) and Major Neurocognitive Disorder (54 patients) that were compared to 112 community dwelling elder subjects...
February 9, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420114/role-of-ct-chest-and-cytology-in-differentiating-tuberculosis-from-presumed-sarcoidosis-in-uveitis
#9
Reema Bansal, Amod Gupta, Ritesh Agarwal, Mohit Dogra, Garvit Bhutani, Vishali Gupta, M R Dogra, Deeksha Katoch, Ashutosh Nath Aggarwal, Aman Sharma, Raje Nijhawan, Ritambara Nada, Uma Nahar Saikia, Pranab Dey, Digambar Behera
PURPOSE: To report the role of CT chest and cytology in suspected tubercular and sarcoid uveitis. METHODS: This is a retrospective, interventional case series of 376 uveitis patients with suspected ocular tuberculosis (TB)/sarcoidosis seen between January 2010 and April 2015 at the Advanced Eye Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh. All underwent CT chest, and had following inclusion criteria: (1) Presence of active granulomatous anterior/intermediate/posterior uveitis or panuveitis; (2) a documented tuberculin skin test/QuantiFERON-TB Gold test; (3) all other causes of infectious/non-infectious uveitis ruled out...
February 8, 2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395632/predictors-of-clinical-success-in-runners-with-patellofemoral-pain-secondary-analyses-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Jean-Francois Esculier, Laurent J Bouyer, Blaise Dubois, Jean Leblond, Mélanie Brisson, Luc Chau, Jean-Sébastien Roy
OBJECTIVES: To identify predictors of outcome to a rehabilitation program focused on education and management of training loads in runners with patellofemoral pain (PFP). DESIGN: Secondary analyses of a randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Fifty-eight runners with PFP (62% female, aged 31.2±6.6years, running 20.3±5.6km/week) were included in analyses. Following baseline collection of demographics, anthropometry, symptomatology, isometric strength, running mechanics and radiological data, runners were randomized to one of the three 8-week intervention program: (1) Education on symptoms management and training modifications; (2) Education+Exercise program; (3) Education+Gait retraining...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392367/abdominal-radiograph-usage-trends-in-the-setting-of-constipation-a-10-year-experience
#11
J Reber, A McGauvran, A Froemming
PURPOSE: Limited data are available to guide the use of abdominal radiographs in the setting of constipation, especially in adults. Anecdotally, there has been a recent increase in such examinations. We sought to determine ordering trends for abdominal radiographs ordered to assess constipation, as well as to better understand referring clinician and radiologist opinion on such examinations. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all abdominal radiographs performed between 2004 and 2014 at our institution with a primary indication of constipation...
February 1, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390227/critical-analysis-of-an-e-learning-and-interactive-teaching-module-with-respect-to-the-interpretation-of-emergency-computed-tomography-of-the-brain
#12
Michael Groth, Käthe Greta Barthe, Martin Riemer, Marielle Ernst, Jochen Herrmann, Jens Fiehler, Jan-Hendrik Buhk
PURPOSE:  To compare the learning benefit of three different teaching strategies on the interpretation of emergency cerebral computed tomography (CT) pathologies by medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Three groups of students with different types of teaching (e-learning, interactive teaching, and standard curricular education in neuroradiology) were tested with respect to the detection of seven CT pathologies. The test results of each group were compared for each CT pathology using the chi-square test...
February 1, 2018: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382453/accuracy-of-kidney-cancer-diagnosis-and-histological-subtype-within-canadian-cancer-registry-data
#13
Jeffrey G Himmelman, Jennifer Merrimen, Kara Matheson, Chris Theriault, Lori A Wood
INTRODUCTION: Provincial/territorial cancer registries (PTCRs) are the mainstay for Canadian population-based cancer statistics. Each jurisdiction captures this data in a population-based registry, including the Nova Scotia Cancer Registry (NSCR). The goal of this study was to describe data from the NSCR regarding renal cell carcinoma (RCC) pathology subtype and method of diagnosis and compare it to the actual pathology reports to determine the accuracy of diagnosis and histological subtype assignment...
September 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361417/a-review-of-resources-and-methodologies-available-for-teaching-and-assessing-patient-related-communication-skills-in-radiology
#14
David Sarkany, Carolynn M DeBenedectis, Stephen D Brown
ACGME expectations for radiology trainees' proficiencies in communication skills pose a challenge to program directors who wish to develop curricula addressing these competencies. Numerous educational resources and pedagogical approaches have emerged to address such competencies specifically for radiology, but have yet to be systematically catalogued. In this paper, we review and compile these resources into a toolkit that will help residencies develop curricula around patient-centered communication. We describe numerous web-based resources and published models that have incorporated innovative, contemporary pedagogical techniques...
January 17, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359966/-what-is-the-impact-of-utilizing-so-called-best-practices-in-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-an-interview-with-atul-gupta
#15
Atul Gupta
Atul Gupta, MD speaks to Adam Price-Evans, Managing Commissioning Editor of Future Cardiology. Atul Gupta is the Global Chief Medical Officer for the business group Image Guided Therapy at Philips, providing medical guidance to Philips' clinical vision and strategy. As a practicing interventional and diagnostic radiologist, he also serves as a key external clinical voice for Image Guided Therapy. His key responsibilities include supporting innovation and product development in cardiology, peripheral vascular, surgical, oncology interventions, clinical education, office-based labs, medical affairs and new business development and ventures...
January 23, 2018: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353901/tuberculosis-in-staff-and-students-of-patan-hospital
#16
Poojan Shrestha, Mila Shakya, Maxine Caws, Surendra Shrestha, Bibek Karki, Shreejana Shrestha, Dan Bahadur Karki, Bhagwan Maharjan, Bhawana Shrestha, Amit Arjyal, Abhilasha Karkey, Krishna G Prajapati, Buddha Basnyat
BACKGROUND: There is a high risk of occupational exposure to tuberculosis among healthcare workers in endemic countries. Regular screening for tuberculosis among healthcare workers is not carried out in Nepal. Infection control measures are also not routinely implemented. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of active tuberculosis among staff/students at Patan Hospital. METHODS: Participants were given a self-administered questionnaire and invited to undergo chest radiography...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350190/development-and-validation-of-a-high-resolution-mapping-platform-to-aid-in-the-public-awareness-of-radiological-hazards
#17
Peter George Martin, Dean Connor, Oliver David Payton, Macarena Leal-Olloqui, Anya C Keatley, Thomas B Scott
The distribution, quantification and exposure-related effects of radiation in the environment, arising from both natural and anthropogenic sources, is of great (and growing) concern for global populations. Recent events at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant (FDNPP) have further highlighted the importance of developing radiation mapping technologies that not only contribute to the continued assessment of contamination, but can also serve as an educational tool for members of the public regarding its behaviour and extent...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346475/current-status-of-radiology-training-in-otolaryngology-residency-programs
#18
Kirkland N Lozada, Joseph M Bernstein
Importance: Otolaryngologists use head and neck imaging on a daily basis. However, little is known about the training residents receive on the subject. Understanding the current training environment is important to identify areas of improvement for resident education. Objective: To assess the current state of radiology training in otolaryngology residency programs. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a cross-sectional survey of 106 otolaryngology residency program directors involving multiple academic institutions...
January 18, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343557/dicer1-and-associated-conditions-%C3%A2-identification-of-at-risk-individuals-and-recommended-surveillance-strategies
#19
Kris Ann P Schultz, Gretchen M Williams, Junne Kamihara, Douglas R Stewart, Anne K Harris, Andrew J Bauer, Joyce Turner, Rachana Shah, Katherine Schneider, Kami Wolfe Schneider, Ann Garrity Carr, Laura A Harney, Shari Baldinger, A Lindsay Frazier, Daniel Orbach, Dominik T Schneider, David Malkin, Louis P Dehner, Yoav H Messinger, Ashley Hill
Pathogenic germline DICER1 variants cause a hereditary cancer predisposition syndrome with a variety of manifestations. In addition to conferring increased cancer risks for pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) and ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors, particularly Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor, individuals with pathogenic germline DICER1 variants may also develop lung cysts, cystic nephroma, renal sarcoma and Wilms tumor, nodular hyperplasia of the thyroid, nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma, ciliary body medulloepithelioma, genitourinary embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and brain tumors including pineoblastoma and pituitary blastoma...
January 17, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340878/core-curriculum-case-illustration-tubo-ovarian-abscess
#20
Nehal Mohamed Ibrahim Saloum, Ahmed Saied Sabry, Shaimaa Abdelhassib Fadl
This is the 47th installment of a series that will highlight one case per publication issue from the bank of cases available online as part of the American Society of Emergency Radiology (ASER) educational resources. Our goal is to generate more interest in and use of our online materials. To view more cases online, please visit the ASER Core Curriculum and Recommendations for Study online at: http://www.erad.org/page/CCIP_TOC .
January 17, 2018: Emergency Radiology
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