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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912953/evaluating-the-effect-of-matricaria-recutita-and-mentha-piperita-herbal-mouthwash-on-management-of-oral-mucositis-in-patients-undergoing-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Maria Tavakoli Ardakani, Sara Ghassemi, Mahshid Mehdizadeh, Faraz Mojab, Jamshid Salamzadeh, Samaneh Ghassemi, Abbas Hajifathali
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of Matricaria recutita and Mentha piperita on oral mucositis (OM) in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). DESIGN: Randomized double blind placebo controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Faculty of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, and Bone Marrow Transplantation Center at Taleghani Teaching Hospital, Tehran, Iran. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty patients undergoing HSCT were randomly assigned to two groups: placebo (n=33), and herbal mouthwash group (n=27)...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894222/-training-degree-assessment-of-staff-producing-parenteral-nutrition-in-pharmacy-services
#2
Rosa Mª Romero Jiménez, Pilar Gomis Muñoz, Cristina Crespo, Guadalupe Piñeiro, Juan Carlos Pérez-Pons, Sonsoles García Rodicio, Carmen Ripa Ciaurriz, Vicente Gimeno Ballester, Cristina Vázquez, Mercedes Cervera, Mª Victoria Calvo, Pilar Tejada
OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of expertise of Pharmacy personnel in the manufacturing of total parenteral nutrition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An on-line survey including 17 questions concerning key aspects of TPN manufacturing was designed. Survey monkey software was used to create the survey and to analize its results. RESULTS: 135 answers were received. 95% of the participant Pharmacy services had written standard manufacturing procedures...
November 1, 2016: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867846/what-s-the-best-minimal-invasive-approach-to-pediatric-nephrectomy-and-heminephrectomy-conventional-laparoscopy-cl-single-site-less-or-robotics-ras
#3
REVIEW
Holger Till, Ali Basharkhah, Andras Hock
BACKGROUND: Conventional laparoscopy (CL) using 3-5 mm ports has become the goldstandard for pediatric nephrectomy (N), heminephrectomy (HN) and heminephrecto-ureterectomy (HNU) for many years now. Recently the spectrum of minimal invasive surgery (MIS) has been extended by variants like laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) or robot-assisted surgery (RAS). However such technical developments tend to drive surgical euphoria and feasibility studies, but may miss adequate academic research about function and proven patients' benefits...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863719/utility-of-feeding-jejunostomy-tubes-in-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#4
Hussein E Waliye, G Paul Wright, Caitlin McCarthy, Jared Johnson, Alex Scales, Andrea Wolf, Mathew Chung
BACKGROUND: Routine placement of jejunostomy tubes (JT) during pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is controversial. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients undergoing PD from 1/1/08 through 12/31/14 was performed. The patients were divided into groups by placement of JT. Outcome measures were 90-day morbidity, 90-day mortality, length of stay, rate of delayed gastric emptying (DGE), and JT-specific complications. RESULTS: 256 patients were included...
November 8, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847669/novel-approach-for-enterocutaneous-fistula-treatment-with-the-use-of-viable-cryopreserved-placental-membrane
#5
Frederick Nichols, Aaron Overly
Enterocutaneous fistulas (ECF) are a difficult and costly surgical complication to manage. The standard treatment of nil per os (NPO) and total paraenteral nutrition (TPN) is not well tolerated by patients. TPN is also known for complications associated with long term central venous catheterization and for high cost of prolonged hospital stay. We present two low output ECF cases successfully treated with viable cryopreserved placental membrane (vCPM) placed into the fistula tracts. One patient is a 59-year-old male with a low output ECF from a jejunostomy tube site four weeks after the surgery...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832865/ghrelin-improves-intestinal-mucosal-atrophy-during-parenteral-nutrition-an-experimental-study
#6
Waka Yamada, Tatsuru Kaji, Shun Onishi, Kazuhiko Nakame, Koji Yamada, Takafumi Kawano, Motoi Mukai, Masakazu Souda, Takako Yoshioka, Akihide Tanimoto, Satoshi Ieiri
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) has been reported to be associated with mucosal atrophy of the small intestine. Ghrelin has hormonal, orexigenic, and metabolic activities. We investigated whether ghrelin improved intestinal mucosal atrophy using a TPN-supported rat model. METHODS: Rats underwent jugular vein catheterization and were divided into four groups: TPN alone (TPN), TPN plus low-dose ghrelin (TPNLG), TPN plus high-dose ghrelin (TPNHG), and oral feeding with normal chow (OF)...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832350/the-impact-of-total-parenteral-nutrition-on-postoperative-recovery-in-patients-treated-for-advanced-stage-ovarian-cancer
#7
Alberto A Mendivil, Mark A Rettenmaier, Lisa N Abaid, John V Brown, Kristina M Mori, Bram H Goldstein
OBJECTIVES: Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) presumably benefits cancer patients although reports have disputed the significance of this nutritional intervention. We sought to compare the postoperative outcomes of ovarian cancer patients treated with either TPN or conservative management. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the impact of TPN and conservative management in ovarian cancer patients who underwent debulking surgery and a bowel resection. The primary study variables encompassed patient time until restoration of bowel function, number of postoperative complications and duration of hospital stay...
November 10, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818628/how-attention-modulates-encoding-of-dynamic-stimuli
#8
Noga Oren, Irit Shapira-Lichter, Yulia Lerner, Ricardo Tarrasch, Talma Hendler, Nir Giladi, Elissa L Ash
When encoding a real-life, continuous stimulus, the same neural circuits support processing and integration of prior as well as new incoming information. This ongoing interplay is modulated by attention, and is evident in regions such as the prefrontal cortex section of the task positive network (TPN), and in the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC), a hub of the default mode network (DMN). Yet the exact nature of such modulation is still unclear. To investigate this issue, we utilized an fMRI task that employed movies as the encoded stimuli and manipulated attentional load via an easy or hard secondary task that was performed simultaneously with encoding...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814772/-manganese-induced-neurotoxicity-a-review-of-its-behavioral-consequences-and-neuroprotective-strategies
#9
REVIEW
Tanara V Peres, Maria Rosa C Schettinger, Pan Chen, Fabiano Carvalho, Daiana S Avila, Aaron B Bowman, Michael Aschner
Manganese (Mn) is an essential heavy metal. However, Mn's nutritional aspects are paralleled by its role as a neurotoxicant upon excessive exposure. In this review, we covered recent advances in identifying mechanisms of Mn uptake and its molecular actions in the brain as well as promising neuroprotective strategies. The authors focused on reporting findings regarding Mn transport mechanisms, Mn effects on cholinergic system, behavioral alterations induced by Mn exposure and studies of neuroprotective strategies against Mn intoxication...
November 4, 2016: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808061/pre-transplantation-serum-ferritin-as-a-prognostic-marker-in-allogeneic-haemopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-malaysia
#10
Subashini C Thambiah, Elizabeth George, Intan Nureslyna Samsudin, Lee Hoong Hong, Ling Ling Chuo, Nabilah Ramli, Muhd Zanapiah Zakaria
BACKGROUND: The principal cause of iron overload in patients with haematological malignancies is recurrent red cell transfusions for anaemia. The serum ferritin level reflects the iron burden in the body, in the absence of inflammation or liver disease. In Malaysia, data are lacking on the association between pre-transplant serum ferritin levels and outcome after allogeneic haemopoietic stem cell transplant. METHODS: We did a cross-sectional study using retrospective data of 106 post-allogeneic haemopoietic stem cell transplant patients (HLA-matched sibling) with haematological malignancies at Hospital Ampang to determine the relationship between pre-transplant serum ferritin levels and post-transplant outcome, post-transplant complications and survival time...
May 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789070/corrigendum-to-internal-mammary-artery-injury-during-central-venous-catheter-insertion-for-tpn-rare-but-fatal-nutrition-26-2010-849-851
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781254/-application-of-bishop-koop-stoma-in-refractory-congenital-intestinal-atresia
#12
Hong Zhang, Wei Zhong, Jing Sun, Qiuming He, Yong Wang, Le Li, Jiakang Yu, Zhe Wang, Zhihua Ye, Kailin Tang, Huimin Xia
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility and safety of Bishop-Koop stoma procedure in the treatment of neonates with refractory congenital intestinal atresia. METHODS: Clinical and follow-up data of 25 neonates with refractory congenital intestinal atresia undergoing Bishop-Koop stoma procedure in our center from January 2011 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Of 25 neonates, 13 (52%) were male, 12(48%) were female, the birth weight was 1600-3800 g (mean 2920 g), the age of admission was 10 hours to 20 days, and the age of operation was 1-58 d (mean 7 d)...
October 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781143/temporal-regularity-of-intrinsic-cerebral-activity-in-patients-with-chronic-primary-insomnia-a-brain-entropy-study-using-resting-state-fmri
#13
Fuqing Zhou, Suhua Huang, Lei Gao, Ying Zhuang, Shan Ding, Honghan Gong
INTRODUCTION: Several neuroimaging studies have suggested that patients with chronic primary insomnia (CPI) exhibit anatomical and functional alterations of the brain, but the temporal regularity in spontaneous neuronal activity remains unknown. Here, brain entropy (BEN), a data-driven method used to measure the signal regularity of a time series, was applied for the first time to investigate changes in the entire brain at the voxel level. METHODS: Resting-state functional MRI data were used to investigate insomnia-related BEN alterations and the resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) pattern in seed regions with altered BEN in 29 patients with identified and untreated CPI and 29 matched healthy controls...
October 2016: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775778/the-role-of-glutamine-supplemented-total-parenteral-nutrition-tpn-in-severe-acute-pancreatitis
#14
X Liu, J Wang, Z-H Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of glutamine-supplemented total parenteral nutrition (TPN) in severe acute pancreatitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-seven patients with severe acute pancreatitis were admitted to Huaihe Hospital, China, over a period of one year (July 2013 to June 2014) were randomly divided into two therapeutic groups. Patients in group 1 (24 patients in total) and group 2 (23 patient in total) were treated with glutamine-supplemented TPN and standard TPN respectively...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750266/implementation-of-feeding-guidelines-hastens-the-time-to-initiation-of-enteral-feeds-and-improves-growth-velocity-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#15
Christine Culpepper, Kendra Hendrickson, Susan Marshall, Jessica Benes, Theresa R Grover
BACKGROUND: Growth and nutrition are critical in neonatal care. Whether feeding guidelines improve growth and nutrition and reduce morbidity is unknown. PURPOSE: Feeding guidelines for very low birth-weight (VLBW) infants were implemented in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to start and achieve full enteral feeds sooner, and increase weight gain over the first month. METHODS: Feeding guidelines for VLBW infants were implemented in January 2014, stratified by birth weight (<750, 750-1000, and 1000-1500 g)...
October 7, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716538/molecular-dynamics-of-the-honey-bee-toxin-tertiapin-binding-to-kir3-2
#16
Daxu Li, Rong Chen, Shin-Ho Chung
Tertiapin (TPN), a short peptide isolated from the venom of the honey bee, is a potent and selective blocker of the inward rectifier K(+) (Kir) channel Kir3.2. Here we examine in atomic detail the binding mode of TPN to Kir3.2 using molecular dynamics, and deduce the key residue in Kir3.2 responsible for TPN selectivity. The binding of TPN to Kir3.2 is stable when the side chain of either Lys16 (TPN(K16)-Kir3.2) or Lys17 (TPN(K17)-Kir3.2) of the toxin protrudes into the channel pore. However, the binding affinity calculated from only TPN(K17)-Kir3...
September 30, 2016: Biophysical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714991/porous-n-doped-carbon-prepared-from-triazine-based-polypyrrole-network-an-highly-efficient-metal-free-catalyst-for-oxygen-reduction-reaction-in-alkaline-electrolytes
#17
Mei Yang, Yijiang Liu, Hongbiao Chen, Duanguang Yang, Huaming Li
Metal-free N-doped carbon (NC) materials have been regarded as one of the most promising catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in alkaline media because of their outstanding ORR catalytic activity, high stability, and good methanol tolerance. Up to now, only a small minority of such catalysts have been synthesized from triazine-based polymeric networks. Herein, we report the synthesis of such NC catalyst by directly pyrolyzing a nitrogen-rich, triazine-based polypyrrole network (TPN). The TPN is fabricated by oxidative polymerization of 2,4,6-tripyrrol-1,3,5-triazine monomer using TfOH as the protonating agent and benzoyl peroxide as the oxidizing agent...
October 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714809/physical-compatibility-of-total-parenteral-nutrition-and-drugs-in-y-site-administration-to-children-from-neonates-to-adolescents
#18
Vigdis Staven, Herra Iqbal, Siri Wang, Ingrid Grønlie, Ingunn Tho
OBJECTIVES: Infusion of precipitate or destabilized emulsion can be harmful. The purpose of this study was to obtain Y-site compatibility data on intravenous drugs and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) relevant for children. METHODS: Two three-in-one TPN admixtures (Olimel N5E and Numeta G16E) used for children of different age groups were tested with ten drugs (ampicillin, ceftazidime, clindamycin, dexamethasone, fluconazole, fosphenytoin, furosemide, metronidazole, ondansetron and paracetamol)...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713780/medium-chain-triglycerides-long-chain-triglycerides-versus-long-chain-triglycerides-in-treatment-of-cancer-patients-with-major-body-mass-loss-survival-in-patients-with-refractory-cachexia
#19
Jarosław Szefel, Wiesław J Kruszewski, Mariusz Szajewski, Maciej Ciesielski, Ewa Sobczak, Maksymilian Czerepko, Wiesława Łysiak-Szydłowska
INTRODUCTION: Currently there are no established guidelines regarding the use of long-chain triglycerides (LCT) vs. medium-chain triglycerides medium-chain triglycerides (MCT)/long-chain triglycerides (LCT) in total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Severe malnutrition of patients with refractory cachexia (RC) often causes their disqualification from invasive methods of treatment thus decreasing their quality of life and survival time. AIM: To compare the changes in nutritional state of patients with RC receiving PN with LCT and LCT/MCT lipid emulsions and to assess the influence of enteral nutrition on their survival time...
2016: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711097/chylous-ascites-as-a-complication-of-left-sided-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy
#20
Gaurav Pahouja, Kalpit Patel, Daniel J Ricchiuti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to present a case series of the sparsely reported complication of chylous ascites (CA) after left sided robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (RALPN), identify possible risk factors for the development of postoperative CA, and explore current recommendations for identification, management and prevention of CA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients that were treated with a RALPN during a one year time period (August 2012 to August 2013) by one surgeon at our institution was conducted...
October 5, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
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